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Results 101 - 150 of 1106
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Zemánek David - - 2011
AIMS: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is predominantly associated with left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. The assessment of the obstruction with a provoking test should be a routine part of HCM evaluation. The aim of the study was to determine the utility of a sublingual spray application of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) ...
Guindani Grace - - 2011
Background: A single aerobic exercise session increases blood flow and vascular reactivity in remote vascular areas in chronic heart failure (CHF). We hypothesized that CHF patients would present increased vascular reactivity after a resistance exercise session. Methods: Ten CHF patients and 10 healthy controls participated in three experiments, on different ...
Heinicke Katja - - 2011
Exertional dyspnea limits exercise in some mitochondrial myopathy (MM) patients, but the clinical features of this syndrome are poorly defined, and its underlying mechanism is unknown. We evaluated ventilation and arterial blood gases during cycle exercise and recovery in five MM patients with exertional dyspnea and genetically defined mitochondrial defects, ...
Leotta C - - 2011
Introduction:  We have created, in Giarre, Sicily, a diabetes center in which the medical centre and exercise gym share the same physical space. When a patient leaves the doctor's office he/she immediately enters a functioning gym. Methodology:  Exercise, and the achievement of physical conditioning thereby, is a cornerstone of the ...
Shen Yu-Qin - - 2011
Impaired exercise capacity is one of the most common clinical manifestations in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The severity of reduced exercise capacity is an indicator of disease prognosis. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between left heart size and mass with exercise capacity. ...
Jung Tae-Du - - 2011
Although it is widely accepted that exercise is beneficial in patients with end-stage renal disease as in the general population, it is not easy to incorporate exercise programs into routine clinical practice. This review aimed to investigate the beneficial effects of exercise during hemodialysis and also to introduce various intradialytic ...
Leicht Anthony S - - 2011
To examine the influence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) on heart rate variability (HRV) in patients, and to examine the influence of an intense long-term (12 months) exercise program on HRV in PAD patients. This study involved ambulatory patients attending a local hospital and university center. Participants were twenty-five patients ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Supervised exercise is beneficial for lymphoma patients, but it needs to be maintained to optimize long-term benefits. Here, we report the predictors of follow-up exercise behavior 6 months after a randomized controlled trial in lymphoma patients. METHODS: Lymphoma patients were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise (n = 60) or ...
Volterrani Maurizio - - 2011
Patients with heart failure (HF) have reduced exercise capacity. The beneficial effect of beta-blocker on prognosis is not matched by an impact on exercise capacity and quality of life. We performed a randomised open blinded endpoint study to assess the effect of heart rate reduction with carvedilol, ivabradine, and their ...
Liu Ching-Hsiang - - 2011
Background/Aims: In the recent years, there have been more and more patients with low rectal cancer who have received anal sphincter preserving surgery (ASPS). The defecation function greatly affects patient's postoperative social activity and quality of life. This study aimed to examine the effects of Kegel's exercise on postoperative anal ...
Light A R - - 2012
To determine mRNA expression differences in genes involved in signalling and modulating sensory fatigue, and muscle pain in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) at baseline, and following moderate exercise. Forty-eight patients with CFS only, or CFS with comorbid FM, 18 patients with FM that did ...
Ariansen Inger - - 2011
Reduced forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) has been associated with new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF), and AF patients often complain of dyspnea. We hypothesized that patients with permanent AF had reduced lung function compared to subjects in sinus rhythm. The participants were 75year-olds from the general population. FEV(1), forced ...
Haykowsky Mark J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms responsible for reduced aerobic capacity (peak Vo(2)) in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). HFPEF is the predominant form of heart failure in older persons. Exercise intolerance is the primary symptom among patients with HFPEF and a ...
Jones David E J DE Institute of Cellular Medicine Newcastle, Newcastle University, Newcastle, - - 2012
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients frequently describe difficulties with repeat exercise. Here, we explore muscle bioenergetic function in response to three bouts of exercise. A total of 18 CFS (CDC 1994) patients and 12 sedentary controls underwent assessment of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), repeat exercise with magnetic resonance spectroscopy and ...
Rocha Vieira Danielle Soares - - 2011
Eccentric cycling may present an interesting alternative to traditional exercise rehabilitation for patients with advanced COPD, because of the low ventilatory cost associated with lengthening muscle actions. However, due to muscle damage and soreness typically associated with eccentric exercise, there has been reluctance in using this modality in clinical populations. ...
Kornhauser C - - 2011
Aims:  Exercise may be useful to detect patients with diabetes prone to develop persistent microalbuminuria. We studied the relationship between exercise intensity, measured as maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2)  max), and microalbuminuria in patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods:  We studied 10 patients, age range 10-18 years, with Type 1 diabetes who ...
Schmidt Anne Mette - - 2011
It was hypothesised that increased exercise capacity is related to improved quality of life (QoL) in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). A 12-week individually tailored unsupervised aerobic exercise programme was offered to 42 patients with CF. At the start and at the end of the exercise programme, data on QoL, ...
Francescato Maria P - - 2011
Regular moderate-intensity exercise is strongly recommended for its beneficial effects in all people. In patients with type 1 diabetes, however, the exercise-associated glycemic imbalances remain an unresolved clinical challenge. Current guidelines require an in-depth understanding of the glycemic responses to exercise and each patient has to discover, by trial-and-error, his/her ...
Miller Todd D - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the diagnostic and prognostic performance of the standard exercise treadmill test (ETT) in comparison to stress imaging procedures. This topic is timely and relevant due to increasing healthcare expenditures and the substantially lower cost of the ETT. RECENT FINDINGS: The most important goal of ...
Adelman Ronald D - - 2011
This cross-sectional observational study examined the frequency of older patient-physician discussions about exercise, who initiates discussions, and the quality of questioning, informing, and support about exercise. The study used a convenience sample of 396 follow-up visits at 3 community-based practice sites, with 376 community-dwelling older patients and 43 primary-care physicians. ...
Jakovljevic Djordje G DG Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2011
Exercise-derived variables have been used in the assessment of functional capacity and prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between cardiac pumping capability represented by peak cardiac power output and peak oxygen consumption, anaerobic threshold, ventilatory efficiency slope, and peak ...
Van De Bruaene Alexander - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Although exercise capacity is impaired, atrial septal defect (ASD) patients report satisfactory exercise tolerance. This study aimed at (1) evaluating cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) and (2) evaluating the impact of exercise capacity on perceived health status using a self-reported health questionnaire (SF-36) in patients with open and closed ASD. ...
Malucelli E - - 2011
In this study we assessed ΔG'(ATP) hydrolysis, cytosolic [ADP], and the rate of phosphocreatine recovery using Phosphorus Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in the calf muscle of a group of patients affected by glycogen myo-phosphorylase deficiency (McArdle disease). The goal was to ascertain whether and to what extent the deficit of the ...
Isaksen Kjetil - - 2011
Background: Indications for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been widened considerably during the last decade due to the well-documented effect in the heart failure population. Exercise training (ET) has a 1 A recommendation in heart failure. However, data on safety and efficacy of ET in patients with ICDs is sparse. ...
Meluzín Jaroslav - - 2011
AIMS: Few data are available on the exercise-induced abnormalities of myocardial function in patients with exertional dyspnoea and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LV EF). The main aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of isolated exercise-induced heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) and to assess whether ...
Shah Meena - - 2011
Weight regain is a problem among many bariatric surgery patients. Whether a high-volume exercise program (HVEP), a strategy to limit weight regain, is feasible in these patients is unknown. The feasibility of an HVEP in obese post-bariatric-surgery patients was determined by randomizing 33 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and gastric banding ...
Sacre Julian W - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have exaggerated brachial and central (ascending aortic) blood pressure (BP) during exercise, which is associated with adverse outcomes. Central systolic loading, represented by the augmentation index (AIx), may contribute to exaggerated exercise central BP. This study sought to compare the central AIx response ...
Malhotra Saurabh - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The determinants of an ischemic electrocardiographic (ECG) response in patients with exercise-induced ischemia on single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) remain poorly defined. Specifically, it is unknown whether the occurrence of an ischemic ECG response is related to the extent and/or severity of SPECT ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 3,294 ...
Papakosta D - - 2011
The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). One hundred thirty-nine patients (101 male, mean age = 68.6 ± 9 years), with confirmed IPF and who were admitted to eight Pulmonary Departments in Greece between November 2005 and December 2006 were ...
Aytekin Ebru - - 2011
The home-based exercise therapy recommended to the patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a simply applicable and cheap method. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of home-based exercise therapy on pain, mobility, function, disease activity, quality of life, and respiratory functions in patients with AS. Eighty ...
Maat Robert Christiaan - - 2011
The current follow-up study concerning the supraglottic type of exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) was performed to reveal the natural history of supraglottic EILO and compare the symptoms, as well as the laryngeal function in conservatively versus surgically treated patients. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted 2-5 years after EILO was diagnosed ...
Sterrett Lauren E - - 2011
This study evaluated resting pulmonary function and its impact on exercise capacity after atrial baffle (BAFFLE) and arterial switch (SWITCH) repair of D-transposition of the great vessels (DTGV). Previously decreased exercise capacity in DTGV patients has been primarily attributed to cardiovascular limitations, whereas pulmonary limitations have largely been overlooked. Resting ...
Nascimento Carla Manuela Crispim - - 2011
Background:  Hyperhomocysteinemia is a major risk factor for cerebral and peripheral vascular diseases, as well as cortical and hippocampal injury, including an increased risk of dementia and cognitive impairment. Elevated serum homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations are common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) who have been treated with levodopa; however, physical ...
Arikawa Andrea Y - - 2011
: Regular exercise has been shown to protect against breast cancer risk, and one possible mechanism is through a reduction in inflammation. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 16 wk of aerobic exercise training on adipokines and inflammatory markers in healthy young women. : Participants ...
Davenport Margie H - - 2011
Women who are unable to return to a healthy weight by 6 months postpartum increase their risk factors for the development of chronic disease (CD; including metabolic syndrome, obesity, and cardiovascular disease). In a prospective randomized intervention study, we examined the effect of exercise intensity on risk factors for CD ...
Patchett David C - - 2011
A 37-year-old white woman presented with acute bilateral hamstring pain after hiking. She had a creatine kinase level of 11,144 U/L. Rhabdomyolysis was diagnosed and the patient was admitted for intravenous fluid hydration. The patient continued to have exercise-induced myalgias and elevations in her creatine kinase level. Rheumatologic causes were ...
Rittger Harald - - 2011
Aims: The vascular closure device (VCD) Angio-Seal is an easy-to-use system for the closure of arterial puncture sites after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and allows for early mobilisation of the patient. However, little data are available about exercising early after the use of VCD's in PCI patients. Methods and results: ...
Teffaha Daline - - 2011
Exercise training is included in cardiac rehabilitation programs to enhance physical capacity and cardiovascular function. Among the existing rehabilitation programs, exercises in water are increasingly prescribed. However, it has been questioned whether exercises in water are safe and relevant in patients with stable chronic heart failure (CHF), coronary artery disease ...
van der Werf Christian - - 2011
This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of flecainide in addition to conventional drug therapy in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). CPVT is an inherited arrhythmia syndrome caused by gene mutations that destabilize cardiac ryanodine receptor Ca(2+) release channels. Sudden cardiac death is incompletely prevented by conventional drug ...
Horner Justin M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Nearly 40% of patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS) can have a non-diagnostic QTc at rest. Treadmill and cycle exercise stress testing are used in the diagnostic evaluation of LQTS. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the diagnostic significance of peak exercise and recovery phase QTc values during treadmill stress ...
Adamsen L - - 2011
Lung cancer patients experience loss of physical capacity, dyspnea, pain, reduced energy and psychological distress. The aim of this study was to explore feasibility, health benefits and barriers of exercise in former sedentary patients with advanced stage lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (III-IV) and small cell lung cancer ...
Grazzi Giovanni - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is widely used in clinical assessment and exercise prescription. However, significant differences in physiological responses can occur depending on testing protocol. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiopulmonary responses to different incremental cycle pedaling cadences in cardiac patients. METHODS:: Eleven men with coronary ...
Goldstein Bryan H - - 2011
After the Fontan operation, patients are at a substantial risk of the development of impaired functional health status. Few early markers of suboptimal outcomes have been identified. We sought to assess the association between peripheral vascular function and functional health status in Fontan-palliated patients. Asymptomatic Fontan patients (n = 51) ...
Holland David J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is ubiquitous in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and contributes to arterial and ventricular stiffening. Exertional dyspnea may result from diastolic dysfunction with exercise; however, the association of central blood pressure (BP) to left ventricular filling pressure during exercise has not been assessed in ...
Ranucci Marco - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Restrictive transfusion strategies have been suggested for cardiac surgical patients, leading to various degrees of postoperative anemia. This study investigates the exercise tolerance during rehabilitation of cardiac surgical patients who did not receive transfusions, with respect to their level of postoperative anemia. METHODS: This observational study started in January ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2011
Background: Running evidence supports a prognostic value of an exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise (EBPR). The impact of the metabolic syndrome (MS) on EBPR in hypertensive patients has not been investigated. Design: A cross-sectional study in the setting of an outpatient hypertension clinic. Methods: In total, 325 non-diabetic patients ...
Frederix Ines - - 2011
We compared the activity estimated by a pedometer and an accelerometer in coronary artery disease patients included in a phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme. Nine patients were divided into two groups and wore the pedometer for four weeks, and then subsequently the accelerometer for four weeks, or vice versa. The ...
Robles Gil María Concepción - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of 6 months of aerobic exercise on urinary excretion of female steroid hormones in pre and postmenopausal women and to check the basal values of urinary steroid. To this end, 20 premenopausal (age 45.56 ± 4.06 years) and 20 postmenopausal (age 52.27 ± 3.80 years) women, all ...
Sukala William R - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two exercise modalities for improving glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and associated clinical outcomes in Polynesian adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and visceral obesity. Twenty-six adults were randomized to receive resistance training or aerobic training, 3×/week, for 16 weeks. Dependent ...
Jones W Schuyler - - 2011
Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have lower functional capacity and worse clinical outcomes than age- and gender-matched patients. Few data exist on the relation of PAD to functional and clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). We sought to compare patients with HF with and without PAD for ...
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