Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 793
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Paciocco G - - 2001
There are no reliable predictors of mortality in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). This study assessed whether exercise oxygen desaturation and distance achieved during a six-minute walk are associated with mortality in moderately symptomatic patients with PPH. Thirty-four patients with PPH underwent a pretreatment six-minute walk test, and an invasive haemodynamic ...
Bradley J - - 2001
The aim of the study was to determine the extent to which treatment induced changes in exercise capacity and quality of life (QoL) are related to spirometric measures of lung function and other measures of disease impairment. Twenty patients admitted to hospital with an exacerbation of pulmonary disease were recruited. ...
Nagaya N - - 2001
We sought to assess the effects of oral supplementation of L-arginine, the precursor of nitric oxide (NO), on hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Acute hemodynamic responses to oral L-arginine (0.5 g/10 kg body weight) or placebo were examined in 19 patients with primary or precapillary secondary ...
Zhu B L - - 2001
To evaluate the forensic pathological significance of the immunohistochemical distribution of pulmonary surfactant-associated protein A (SP-A) in determining the cause of death in fires, 57 fire victims were examined by scoring the staining intensity. The highest SP-A score with dense granular deposits (aggregates) in the intra-alveolar space was frequently observed ...
Chiang L L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We studied the correlation between exercise tolerance and pulmonary function, arterial blood gases, and ventilatory drive in patients with airflow limitation (AFL). METHODS: Forty-one patients (36 men, 5 women, mean age 63.6 +/- 10.3 years) with forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) < 75% and FEV1/forced vital capacity ...
Singh V N - - 2001
Evaluation of exercise performance is an integral component of every medical history. Currently, it is accomplished by means of subjective history taking. Routine exercise testing adds very little information; however, the addition of gas analysis (or cardio pulmonary exercise [CPX] testing) provides the crucial objective assessment by analyzing breath-by-breath oxygen ...
Dembinski R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Inhaled prostacyclin and intravenous almitrine have both been shown to improve pulmonary gas exchange in acute lung injury (ALI). This study was performed to investigate a possible additive effect of prostacyclin and almitrine on pulmonary ventilation-perfusion (VA/Q) ratio in ALI compared with inhaled prostacyclin or intravenous almitrine alone. METHODS: ...
Frangolias D D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine how common sleep-related desaturation with preserved awake resting pulse oximetric saturation (SpO(2)) was in a large cohort of adult cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with variable degrees of pulmonary disease. We then determined whether nocturnal desaturation could reliably be predicted from standard ...
Mukhopadhyay M - - 2001
Dr. Lewis Dexter was an outstanding cardiovascular physiologist and clinician, a respected teacher and scientist, and, most importantly, a fine human being. During his life, he brought the cardiac catheter from the laboratory to the patient and trained several generations of cardiologists. Dexter's laboratory was the first to elucidate the ...
Stewart I B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (D1co), alveolar capillary membrane diffusing capacity (Dm), and pulmonary capillary blood volume (Vc) are all significantly reduced after exercise. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether measurement position affects this impaired gas transfer. METHODS: Before and one, two, and four hours after incremental cycle ergometer exercise ...
Nici L - - 2000
The mechanisms for exercise intolerance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are complex and multifaceted. Although ventilatory limitation caused by abnormal pulmonary function is a major contributor to this phenomenon, other factors may play an important role in limiting exercise. These other factors include depressed cardiac function, respiratory and peripheral muscle ...
James K B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although some patients report favorable activity levels late after partial left ventriculectomy (PLV), their exercise physiology has not been well described. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed upright bicycle hemodynamics in 10 patients (9 men) aged 56+/-12 years at 1.7 years after PLV. Ejection fraction was 25+/-4%. Patients biked 10+/-7 ...
Kanazawa H - - 2000
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension. In this study we determined whether the deletion (D)/insertion (I) polymorphism in the ACE gene may be associated with pulmonary hypertension evoked by exercise challenge in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). ACE genotypes were ...
Gandevia Simon C. - - 2000
In animals, the J reflex evoked by pulmonary C fibers provides potent inhibition of limb muscles and would act to limit exercise. However, recent work shows that although activation of these fibers causes severe respiratory discomfort, it does not impair the output of limb motoneurons to voluntary, reflex, or locomotor ...
Edwards M R - - 2000
The effect of incremental exercise to exhaustion on the change in pulmonary clearance rate (k) of aerosolized (99m)Tc-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid ((99m)Tc-DTPA) and the relationship between k and arterial PO(2) (Pa(O(2))) during heavy work were investigated. Ten male cyclists (age = 25 +/- 2 yr, height = 180.9 +/- 4.0 cm, ...
Riley M S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the responses of patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) to constant work rate exercise and to examine the effect of nitric oxide (NO) inhalation. BACKGROUND: Maximal exercise tolerance is reduced in PPH, but gas exchange responses to constant work rate exercise ...
Raeside D A - - 2000
It is recognized that exercise produces abnormally large increases in pulmonary artery pressure in patients with pulmonary vascular disease as a consequence of a variety of disorders, but the relationship between pressure and cardiopulmonary exercise performance is poorly understood. This lack of understanding is due (in part) to difficulty making ...
Modarres H - - 2000
Two almost identical elderly women are described who presented with gradually progressive painless involuntary flexion of the ring and middle fingers over 12 months, leading eventually to contractures. The flexion deformity persisted during sleep and was the sole neurological abnormality. Both patients had advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and were ...
Seçkin U - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: It is a well-known fact that pulmonary function is altered in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) mainly due to the restriction of chest wall movements. The objective of this study was to investigate whether alterations in pulmonary function affected exercise capacity. METHODS: Twenty male patients with definite AS and 20 age-matched ...
Wagner P D - - 2000
The carotenoid compound crocetin has been hypothesized to enhance the diffusion of O(2) through plasma, and observations in the rat and rabbit have revealed improvement in arterial PO(2) when crocetin is given. To determine whether crocetin enhances diffusion of O(2) between alveolar gas and the red blood cell in the ...
Hanel B - - 2000
The present work focuses on pulmonary gas exchange during repeated rowing to exhaustion and the recovery of pulmonary diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DL) after exercise in healthy young subjects. The components of DL are examined at rest using the single breath method at two different alveolar O2 tensions. Electrical ...
Wensel R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The continuous infusion of prostacyclin has been shown to improve exercise capacity and survival in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). Inhalation of iloprost, a stable analog of prostacyclin, might be an alternative therapy for PPH, selectively acting on the pulmonary vascular bed through ventilation-matched alveolar deposition of the ...
Ohuchi H - - 2000
Patients with pulmonary atresia and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) may be at risk for both ventilatory impairment and abnormal pulmonary circulation after definitive surgery. We measured the ventilatory response to exercise in 16 patients with MAPCAs after definitive surgery (group A) and compared the results with those in 16 ...
Hasuda T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Patients with precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) exhibit a poor exercise capacity due to an impaired vasodilatory response of their pulmonary arteries. By causing the pulmonary artery to dilate, inhaled nitric oxide (NO) may allow an increase in exercise capacity in patients with PH. METHODS AND RESULTS: On 2 separate ...
Milic-Emili J - - 2000
During the past half-century, many studies have investigated the correlation of exercise tolerance to routine lung function in patients with obstructive pulmonary disease. In virtually all of these studies, the degree of airway obstruction was assessed in terms of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity ...
Ewert R - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Diffusion impairment and reduced performance in cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) have been found in patients after heart transplantation. The pathogenesis of these abnormalities is unclear. In particular, the contribution of pulmonary interstitial changes has not yet been verified. DESIGN: We analyzed pulmonary function tests, high-resolution CT (HRCT), echocardiography, ...
Yeniçerioglu Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Hypoxaemia occurring during haemodialysis has long been known. Several mechanisms in the pathogenesis have been proposed. The present study was conducted to test whether changes in pulmonary alveolar permeability were among the operating mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty haemodialysis patients (12 male, 8 female) were included in the study. ...
Magid J H - - 2000
Furosemide premedication of horses 4 h prior to exercise significantly attenuates exercise-induced pulmonary capillary hypertension which may help diminish the severity of exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage. As pulmonary hemodynamic effects of furosemide may be mediated via a reduction in plasma volume (which is most pronounced 15-30 min postfurosemide administration, with plasma ...
Lovell S L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is present in exhaled breath and produced by the pulmonary vascular endothelium as a potent vasodilator. Exercise is normally associated with pulmonary vasodilatation and a decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance to accommodate the increase in cardiac output. If production of NO is impaired in patients with ...
Dötsch J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the kinetics of successful nitric oxide (NO) withdrawal in vivo and in vitro. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study in a university pediatric intensive care ward and research laboratory. PATIENTS AND MATERIALS: Nineteen patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). ...
Ashutosh K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Inhalation of nitric oxide with oxygen could be a promising treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pulmonary hypertension. However, the current methods of delivery of NO are cumbersome and unsuitable for long term use. The present study was undertaken to investigate the safety and efficacy ...
Haller J A JA - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Pectus excavatum is a congenital chest abnormality which may become more marked during childhood and teenage growth. Young teenagers with severe PE deformities often become short of breath during strenuous exercise and complain of becoming easily fatigued. The pathophysiologic effects of PE remain controversial because they have been difficult ...
Eyskens B - - 2000
Surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with reconstruction of the right ventricular (RV) outflow tract invariably results in pulmonary regurgitation. Chronic pulmonary regurgitation has been associated with RV dysfunction and decreased exercise performance. The present study assessed the influence of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) for severe pulmonary regurgitation after ...
Haniuda M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effects of lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) on cardiopulmonary circulation during exercise in comparison with pulmonary lobectomy for lung cancer. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: LVRS improves pulmonary function and dyspnea symptoms acutely in selected patients with heterogeneous emphysema. However, there are few data concerning the effects of ...
Morelli S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the exercise tolerance by expired gas analysis during stress test in patients with Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Eighteen women (mean age 48.56+/-12.48 years) affected by SSc were studied. A complete echocardiographic examination including pulmonary artery systolic pressure estimation, pulmonary function tests, ...
James K B - - 2000
To determine whether upright bicycle exercise could provide useful information about disabling exertional dyspnea in the absence of severe abnormalities (as shown by traditional testing methods), we evaluated 13 such patients. There were 3 men and 10 women with a mean age of 49+/-15 (SD) years. We used pulmonary artery ...
Sharma G V - - 2000
A total of 23 of the 40 patients who had angiographically proven pulmonary embolism and who had initially been randomized to an IV infusion of heparin (n = 11) or a thrombolytic agent (urokinase or streptokinase, n = 12) were restudied after a mean follow-up of 7.4 years to measure ...
Forte S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Exercise tolerance is often reduced in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Mechanisms have been proposed but the underlying causes have not yet been elucidated. The study of pulmonary gas exchange during exercise may be helpful in revealing circulatory, ventilatory, and metabolic abnormalities. We hypothesized that in SLE, exercise ...
Butler J - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between pulmonary hypertension and exercise performance in patients with heart failure. BACKGROUND: The exercise capacity of patients with heart failure is frequently reduced. Pulmonary hypertension may contribute to this exercise intolerance by impairing blood flow through the pulmonary circulation. METHOD: Three ...
Arena R - - 1999
The use of LVADs as a bridge to heart transplantation is increasing steadily as more surgical centers add this effective strategy for end-stage heart failure patients. Fundamental exercise physiology in the presence of LVADs has been described previously, and data is available that supports the safety and efficacy of exercise ...
Coast J R - - 1999
Both pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength decrease following exercise in healthy humans. The alterations in respiratory muscle are not the same following exercise and voluntary isocapnic hyperpnea that simulates that exercise. Therefore, in this study we measured pulmonary and respiratory muscle function following maximal exercise or hyperpnea that simulated ...
Papazian L - - 1999
It has been suggested that the increase in PO(2) observed with nitric oxide (NO) should be enhanced by the addition of a vasoconstrictor agent. The vasoconstrictor used in combination with NO should mimic or enhance hypoxic vasoconstriction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the respiratory and hemodynamic effects ...
Takeda S I - - 1999
Immature foxhounds underwent 55% lung resection by right pneumonectomy (n = 5) or thoracotomy without pneumonectomy (Sham, n = 6) at 2 mo of age. Cardiopulmonary function was measured during treadmill exercise on reaching maturity 1 yr later. In pneumonectomized animals compared with Sham animals, maximal oxygen uptake, ventilatory response, ...
Gruber A - - 1999
Several studies have reported a reduced pulmonary diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide after total body irradiation (TBI) and/or high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) and autologous peripheral blood progenitor transplantation (APBPC). The present study describes the oxygenation of arterial plasma (paO2), the maximum exercise capacity (Wmax) and maximum oxygen transport (VO2max) before and ...
Manohar M - - 1999
This study was carried out to examine changes in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) induced by moderate and strenuous exercise; the objective being to understand why pulmonary artery blood pressure of exercising horses increases progressively as work intensity increases. Pulmonary arterial and wedge pressures (referenced at the point of the left ...
Nyman G - - 1999
To investigate the gas exchange response during exercise in horses with mild bronchiolitis (MB), we studied 7 Standardbred trotters. In order to determine pulmonary gas exchange and red cell volume in relation to bodyweight (CV/BW), submaximal graded exercise tests were performed. VO2 was monitored from an open bias flow system ...
McLaughlin V V - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patients with secondary pulmonary hypertension has been unsatisfactory. OBJECTIVE: To describe exercise capacity, functional class, and hemodynamic variables after long-term intravenous infusion of prostacyclin in patients with secondary pulmonary hypertension. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Academic referral center. PATIENTS: 33 patients with secondary, precapillary pulmonary hypertension (New York ...
Kuikka J T - - 1999
Changes in pulmonary circulation caused by muscular exercise and body position are usual in daily life. By using first-pass radiocardiography and fractal analysis, pulmonary circulation in man was evaluated at rest and during muscular exercise. At rest, pulmonary circulation was heterogeneous as described by the relative dispersion (which is the ...
Anholm J D - - 1999
Pulmonary function abnormalities after exercise are suggestive of pulmonary edema; however, radiographic evidence is lacking. Well-trained cyclists were studied to determine whether there is radiographic evidence of pulmonary edema after endurance exercise (cycling distance 5.3-131.5 km) at altitude. Chest radiographs obtained before exercise were coded for later interpretation. Films obtained ...
Art, Tatiana
Pulmonary function tests, bronchoalveolar lavages, and venous blood samplings were performed 24 hours before and one hour after a standardized strenous treadmill exercise test on six horses suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in clinical remission. Pulmonary function test consisted of the measurement of the mechanics of breathing and ...
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