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Uzun Orhan - - 2006
A 9.5-year-old girl after Fontan procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome had recurrent protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) develop 2 months after partial catheter closure of the Fontan fenestration. Despite satisfactory hemodynamic measurements under general anesthesia, we postulated that she suffered from increased pulmonary vascular reactivity and commenced her on Sildenafil treatment. ...
Neviere Rémi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Although resection of giant bullae for the purpose of improving the function of underlying compressed lung is an accepted form of surgery for emphysema, there is only limited information regarding long-term improvement in dynamic hyperinflation and exercise tolerance. Our major goal was to investigate the effects of lung resection ...
Jones Alice Y M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Arterial desaturation is a commonly accepted clinical basis for discontinuing physical activity in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the electrocardiograms of people with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease recovering from exercise-induced arterial desaturation. SUBJECTS: Subjects (n = 25) ...
Rosenzweig Erika B - - 2006
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a life-threatening disease characterised by a progressive pulmonary vasculopathy with ensuing right heart failure if left untreated. In the 1980s, prior to the current treatment era, idiopathic PAH carried a very poor prognosis, with a median survival of 2.8 years from the time of diagnosis. ...
Chua R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension, when advanced, markedly limits exercise capacity, activities of daily living and quality of life (QoL). No measure of QoL has yet been validated for the assessment of pulmonary hypertension. The aim of the study was to compare the validity of the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure (MLwHF) ...
Villoria Albert - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients complaining of abdominal bloating have impaired tolerance and clearance of intestinal gas loads. Mild exercise enhances intestinal clearance and prevents retention of intestinal gas loads in healthy subjects. Our aim was to evaluate the putative beneficial effects of physical activity in patients with abdominal bloating. METHODS: In eight ...
Matsuda Hitoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The exercise capacity of patients with thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension was investigated to clarify the long-term effects of pulmonary endarterectomy. This capacity was assessed by measuring cardiopulmonary factors during cardiopulmonary exercise testing at the maximal level of exercise and a 6-minute walk test at the submaximal level. Their survival rate ...
Apostolopoulou S C - - 2007
To evaluate the long-term clinical and exercise effect of chronic oral administration of the non-selective endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) related to congenital heart disease (CHD). Extension of a preceding prospective non-randomised open clinical study on bosentan treatment in PAH related to CHD. A ...
Zafrir Nili - - 2007
Most patients with Primary Pulmonary Hypertension (PPH) have severe exertional limitation which ultimately leads to right heart failure and death. The purpose of the study was to assess the correlation between right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic noninvasive variables and exercise tolerance, as well as the predictors of adverse outcome ...
Page Eric - - 2006
Our aim was to examine indices of cardiorespiratory capacity at rest and during exercise before initiation of therapy for Hodgkin's disease. We prospectively studied 24 patients divided into two groups according to the disease stage. Group 1 included eight patients in stage IA and four in stage IIA; group 2 ...
Su Mao-Chang - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Persistent impaired pulmonary function and functional capacity are common among survivors of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Whether the impairment was caused by SARS or pre-existing physical condition remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the influence of SARS on exercise capacity and pulmonary function of previously healthy medical staff. ...
Clewing J Marietta - - 2007
Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD) is a fatal autosomal recessive disorder caused by loss-of-function mutations in swi/snf-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a-like 1 (SMARCAL1). Analysis of detailed autopsies to correlate clinical and pathological findings in two men severely affected with SIOD. As predicted by the clinical course, T cell ...
Stickland Michael K - - 2006
Recent research suggests the recruitment of intrapulmonary shunt vessels during exercise, which may contribute to the exercise-induced impairment in pulmonary gas exchange. These findings are consistent with substantial anatomical data demonstrating large-diameter (> 25 microm) anatomical shunts in the lung, but are contrary to the considerable functional gas exchange-dependent research ...
Wallaert B - - 2006
The presented case is of a young male (aged 19 yrs) with a pectus excavatum who showed significant exercise intolerance, despite normal pulmonary function at rest, including carbon monoxide diffusing capacity. Clinical exercise testing led to a strong suspicion of a right-to-left shunt due to an abnormally wide alveolo-arterial oxygen ...
Heller H - - 2007
The present article was aimed at determining the alveolar-capillary PO2 difference (deltaP(AcO2)) during exercise. The working hypothesis was that values of the pulmonary NO diffusing capacity can be used to calculate (deltaP(AcO2)) data on the basis of well-known laws of pulmonary gas exchange. For this purpose, we analysed the pertinent ...
Suri Ranjan - - 2007
Forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV(1)) is the usual primary outcome variable in clinical trials in cystic fibrosis (CF). Usually, several secondary outcomes are also measured. We assessed which secondary outcomes are likely to give additional clinically useful information about treatment effects, in order to inform the design of future ...
Oudshoorn Johanna H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are subjected to increased oxidative stress due to chronic pulmonary inflammation and recurrent infections. Additionally, these patients have diminished skeletal muscle performance and exercise capacity. We hypothesize that a mixture of multiple micronutrients could have beneficial effects on pulmonary function and muscle performance. METHODS: A ...
Trachsel Daniel - - 2006
Our objective was to study exercise capacity and cardiorespiratory response to exertion in survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). This was a cross-sectional cohort study of 23 CDH survivors, aged 10-16 years, and 23 gender- and age-matched controls. Exercise testing was performed on a cycle ergometer, with cardiac output measurements ...
Houweling Birgit - - 2006
We previously observed that pulmonary hypertension secondary to myocardial infarction (MI) in swine is characterized by elevated plasma endothelin (ET) levels and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Consequently, we tested the hypothesis that an increased ET-mediated vasoconstrictor influence contributes to secondary pulmonary hypertension after MI and investigated the involvement of ET(A) ...
Sanghavi Darshak M - - 2006
This study aimed to determine whether the exercise capacity of patients with pulmonary atresia/intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) who have undergone biventricular repair is superior to that of patients with single ventricle repairs and to account for any differences. PA/IVS is generally treated with either biventricular (outflow tract reconstruction) or univentricular ...
Montgomery Gregory S - - 2006
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with advanced lung disease are at risk for developing pulmonary vascular disease and pulmonary hypertension, characterized by progressive exercise intolerance beyond the exercise-limiting effects of airways disease in CF. We report on a patient with severe CF lung disease who experienced clinically significant improvements in exercise ...
Boggio-Alarco José L - - 2006
Prolonged, strenuous exercise is associated with muscle injury; this may become permanent if there is insufficient time to rest between bouts of endurance exercise. We present here the experience of a 36 year old athlete who developed myocardial injury and pulmonary edema during a triathlon. Within 24-hours, after receiving furosemide ...
Chuang Ming-Lung - - 2006
We evaluated three patients with undiagnosed complaints of progressive dyspnea. Based on gas-exchange findings as the initial diagnostic tool, the high ventilatory equivalents for CO2, low sustained end-tidal PCO2, hypoxemia, and central cardiovascular dysfunction during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) suggested that each had significant pulmonary vasculopathy with right-to-left shunting. The ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2006
The purpose was to determine if an intense interval training session could produce transient pulmonary edema in women. Fourteen females [(27+/-4 years; body mass index of 21.6+/-1.5 kg/m(2)); maximal oxygen consumption = 3.12+/-0.42 L/min] performed three sets of 5 min sea-level cycling exercise with 10-min recovery between each set. Average ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2006
The purposes were to determine (1) if repeat exercise worsens pulmonary gas exchange in women, and, (2) if the level of pulmonary edema obtained in these same women is related to the gas exchange impairment during exercise. Fourteen women (27 +/- 4 yrs; maximal oxygen uptake = 3.12 +/- 0.42 ...
Stickland Michael K - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of acute increases in pulmonary vascular pressures, caused by the application of lower-body positive pressure (LBPP), on exercise alveolar-to-arterial PO2 difference (A-aDO2), anatomical intrapulmonary (IP) shunt recruitment, and ventilation. Eight healthy men performed graded upright cycling to 90% maximal oxygen ...
Petty Thomas L - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of a library of pulmonary rehabilitation videotapes versus an older videotape and usual care on quality of life and ability to perform activities of daily living in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: Two hundred fourteen patients diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, ...
Collins Nicholas - - 2006
Patients with autoimmune disease, and in particular limited systemic sclerosis (CREST syndrome), are at risk of developing pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) which is associated with a poor prognosis. With improvements in therapy offering improved survival and functional capacity, there has been an emphasis on screening to identify patients at risk. ...
Harms Craig A - - 2006
It is well established that women exhibit several anatomic and physiologic characteristics that distinguish their responses to exercise from those of men. These factors have been shown to influence the training response and contribute to lower maximal aerobic power in women. Additionally, the reproductive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, can influence ...
Hopkins Susan R - - 2006
Many apparently healthy individuals experience pulmonary gas exchange limitations during exercise, and the term "exercise induced arterial hypoxemia" (EIAH) has been used to describe the increase in alveolar-arterial difference for oxygen (AaDO2), which combined with a minimal alveolar hyperventilatory response, results in a reduction in arterial PO2. Despite more than ...
Lovering Andrew T - - 2006
This review presents evidence for the recruitment of intrapulmonary arteriovenous shunts (IPAVS) during exercise in normal healthy humans. Support for pre-capillary connections between the arterial and venous circulation in lungs of humans and animals have existed for over one-hundred years. Right-to-left physiological shunt has not been detected during exercise with ...
Hodges Alastair N H - - 2006
Pulmonary physiologists have documented many transient changes in the lung and the respiratory system during and following exercise, including the incomplete oxygen saturation of arterial blood in some subjects, possibly due to transient pulmonary oedema. The large increase in pulmonary arterial pressure during exercise, leading to either increased pulmonary capillary ...
Ozturk Sami - - 2006
Bronchiectasis is common in developing countries, but its precise underlying mechanism can be detected in only about 40% of the cases. The studies reporting the frequency of atopy and its relation to radiological findings and lung function in bronchiectasis are limited in number, and the results are controversial. The present ...
Sawano M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We developed a non-invasive, continuous, high-resolution method of measuring carboxyhaemoglobin fraction (COHb%) using expiratory gas analysis (EGA). We assessed whether application of EGA to carboxyhaemoglobin dilution provides red cell volume (RCV) measurement with accuracy equivalent to that of CO-haemoximetry, with a smaller infusion volume of carbon-monoxide-saturated autologous blood (COB). ...
Vengust Modest - - 2006
Exercise causes changes in pulmonary haemodynamics through redistribution of blood flow, increase in the pulmonary surface area, and increase in pulmonary vascular pressures. These changes contribute to the increase in fluid exchange across the alveolar-capillary barrier. To determine the extent of the fluid exchange across the alveolar-capillary barrier at rest ...
Chow Daniel H K - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective evaluation of the effects of backpack carriage on the pulmonary function of schoolgirls without spinal deformity versus those with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). OBJECTIVE: To establish if recommended backpack load limits for normal schoolchildren are also appropriate for study participants with AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ...
Vollkron Michael - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Axial blood pumps have been very successfully introduced into the arena of prolonged clinical support. However, they do not offer inherent load-responsive mechanisms for adjusting pumping performance to venous return and changes in physiologic requirements of the patient. To provide for these adjustments we developed an algorithm for demand-responsive ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2005
The importance of studying the pathophysiological bases and clinical correlates of exercise limitation in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is well established. Two modes of exercise testing, the 6-min walk test (6MWT) and the cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), are currently proposed for diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic finalities. The 6MWT ...
Deboeck G - - 2005
The 6-min walk test (6MWT) is commonly used to evaluate exercise capacity in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, little is known about the corresponding metabolic stress as measured by cardiopulmonary exercise testing. The present study, therefore, measured ventilatory variables and heart rate during the 6MWT and symptom-limited incremental ...
Vardar Selma Arzu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Most physiological measurements of the pulmonary diffusing capacity use carbon monoxide (CO) as a tracer gas. Similar to CO, melatonin binds the hemoglobin in the blood. OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to assess the effect of exogenous melatonin administration on pulmonary functions including diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide ...
Gomberg-Maitland Mardi - - 2005
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by abnormalities in endothelial and smooth muscle cell function. Prostacyclin released by endothelial cells is a potent vasodilator by increasing cyclic adenosine monophosphate. Sildenafil, an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5, increases cyclic guanosine monophosphate in the lungs, producing vasodilation. To test for a therapeutic benefit of ...
Khambadkone Sachin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction with valved conduits in infancy and childhood leads to reintervention for pulmonary regurgitation and stenosis in later life. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with pulmonary regurgitation with or without stenosis after repair of congenital heart disease had percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI). Mortality, hemodynamic ...
Shen Jieyan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether lipid microspheres containing prostaglandin E1 (lipo-PGE1) improve pulmonary hemodynamics and clinical outcomes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS: Forty-nine patients with PAH (8 patients with primary pulmonary hypertension, 21 patients with collagen vascular disease, 20 patients with congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts) were randomly classified into ...
Oudiz Ronald J - - 2005
The assessment of exercise capacity is of critical importance in the evaluation and management of patients with moderate to severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The practicing clinician uses various exercise modalities in evaluating and managing patients with PAH. These include the 6-minute walk test (6MW), cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and exercise ...
Suchon Elzbieta - - 2005
The study aimed to evaluate pre and postoperative echocardiographic data and exercise capacity in relation to age and hemodynamics in adults with atrial septal defect (ASD). Fifty-two subjects with ASD (mean age: 38.6+/-15 years) were enrolled. Echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise test were performed before and a year after surgery. Pre ...
Akkoca Oznuc - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Aims of this prospective study are to evaluate degree of impairment in pulmonary function tests (PFT), arterial blood gas analysis (ABG), respiratory muscle strength, exercise capacity and correlation of these parameters with radiological stages; to further evaluate the ...
Cantor Jerome O - - 2005
This study was designed to determine if aerosolized hyaluronan (HA) could prevent airspace enlargement and elastic fiber injury in a mouse model of cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary emphysema. Compared to untreated/smoked controls, HA-treated animals showed statistically significant reductions in mean linear intercept (54 versus 65 microm; P < .001) and elastic ...
Eikermann Matthias - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: A decrement in evoked muscle force with repetitive nerve stimulation (fade) suggests impaired neuromuscular transmission. We tested the hypothesis that fade of pulmonary function, ie, a decrease in values of FVC with the second spirometric maneuver compared to the first maneuver, occurs during impaired neuromuscular transmission. DESIGN: Prospective study. ...
Bawazir Osama A - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Since the introduction of the closed technique for repair of pectus excavatum, increasing numbers of patients are presenting for surgery. However, controversy exists regarding the effects of repair on long-term cardiopulmonary outcome. This report details the effects over time of closed repair of pectus excavatum on pulmonary function, cardiac ...
Westphal Martin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Because thromboxane A2 is implicated in the pathophysiology of acute lung injury, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of selective thromboxane A2 synthase inhibition on cardiopulmonary function in the experimental setting of severe smoke inhalation injury. METHODS: Sixteen adult sheep were operatively instrumented for chronic ...
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