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Mut Fernando F Department of Nuclear Medicine, Spanish Association Hospital, Montevideo, - - 2014
Transient post-ischemic LV dysfunction due to myocardial stunning in patients with coronary artery disease can be missed by conventional gated SPECT (GSPECT) acquisitions. The aim of this IAEA-sponsored multi-center study was to determine whether early post-exercise imaging is more likely to detect stunning than conventional without adversely affecting image quality ...
Watson Kurt K Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California Davis, United - - 2014
Exercise is the greatest physiological stress that our bodies experience. For example, during maximal endurance exercise in elite athlete's cardiac output can increase up to 8-fold and the working muscles receive 21-times more blood each minute than at rest. Given the physiological stress associated with exercise and the adaptations that ...
Lord Rachel R Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Tom Reilly Building, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK, - - 2014
There is contradictory evidence related to the impact of ultra-marathon running on right ventricular (RV) structure and function. Consequently, the aims of this study were to: (1) comprehensively assess RV structure and function before and immediately following a 100-mile ultra-marathon in highly trained runners, (2) determine the nature of RV ...
Mas-Stachurska Aleksandra A Servicio de Cardiología, Instituto Clínico del Tórax, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Up to 4% of patients with acute chest pain, normal electrocardiogram, and negative troponins present major adverse cardiac events as a result of undiagnosed acute coronary syndrome. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic performance of multidetector computed tomography and exercise echocardiography in patients with a low-to-intermediate probability of coronary ...
Mas-Stachurska Aleksandra A Servicio de Cardiología, Instituto Clínico del Tórax, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Up to 4% of patients with acute chest pain, normal electrocardiogram, and negative troponins present major adverse cardiac events as a result of undiagnosed acute coronary syndrome. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic performance of multidetector computed tomography and exercise echocardiography in patients with a low-to-intermediate probability of coronary ...
Miliaresis Christa C Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, New York Medical College/Maria Fareri Childrens Hospital, Valhalla, - - 2014
Cardiopulmonary exercise stress testing (CPET) is a vital tool used to assess patients with a history of congenital heart disease. There are several tests in the cardiologist's armamentarium that allow for assessment of cardiac anatomy and function. The majority of these tests are only performed with the body at rest ...
Dorfs Stephan S Klinik für Kardiologie und Angiologie II, Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg • Bad Krozingen, Südring 15, Bad Krozingen 79189, Germany - - 2014
In patients with suspected heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), invasive exercise testing may be considered when measurements at rest are inconclusive. However, the prognostic impact of invasive exercise testing is uncertain, so far. We retrospectively analysed mortality in 355 patients [mean age 61.2 ± 11.3 years, 235 (66.2%) ...
Barlow Paul A PA Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Medical Science 1 Building, Liverpool Street, Hobart 7000, Tasmania, Australia; School of Human Life Sciences, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, - - 2014
The independent prognostic significance of abnormally low systolic blood pressure (SBP) during exercise stress testing (LowExBP) across different clinical and exercise conditions is unknown. We sought by systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the association between cardiovascular/all-cause outcomes and LowExBP across different patient clinical presentations, exercise modes, exercise intensities and ...
Tajiri Kimiko K Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Bukkyo University, - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to devise a new urinary incontinence exercise using co-contraction of both the transverse abdominal muscle (TA) and pelvic floor muscle (PFM) and examine the intervention effect in middle-aged women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). [Subjects] The subjects were fifteen women with SUI who ...
Tseng Alyson Pin-Tsz AP Stem Cell Center, Department of Medical Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung 40705, Taiwan, - - 2014
Serum magnesium (Mg) levels are closely controlled through a variety of Mg transporters and ionic channels during physiological conditions. These levels have been shown to increase during exercise. However, the effect of Mg transporter expression during exercise remains to be determined. The purpose of this study was to examine the ...
Zhao Dongdong - - 2014
The hypothesis of action potential duration restitution (APDR) suggests that wave break is mainly determined by the steepness of APDR curve. The purpose of this study was to investigate the QT restitution properties by a noninvasive method, exercise ECG test, in patients with and without left anterior descending coronary artery ...
Wang M-L ML Department of Nursing, Hung Kuang University, Taichung, - - 2014
The beneficial effect of magnesium supplementation on exercise performance has been reported by many researchers. In the present study, the effect of nigari, a concentrate of deep seawater containing high magnesium levels, on exercise performance, was examined. Gerbils were given double-distilled water or nigari (18 mg · kg(-1), po) orally ...
Manganelli Fiore - - 2011
To evaluate the effects of the addition of atropine to exercise testing in patients who failed to achieve their target heart rate (HR) during stress myocardial perfusion imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The study was a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled design. Patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease ...
Pelletier Roxanne - - 2011
To evaluate the sensitivity of electrocardiogram (ECG) versus single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) assessments of ischemia in patients with anxiety disorders (AD) and the extent to which patients exhibit poorer exercise performance, compared with patients without AD. Patients referred for nuclear exercise stress testing (N = 2271) underwent a ...
Rozanski Alan - - 2010
A higher frequency of clinical events has been observed in patients undergoing pharmacological vs exercise myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). While this difference is attributed to greater age and co-morbidities, it is not known whether these tests also differ in prognostic ability among patients with similar clinical profiles. ...
Marshall Andrew J - - 2010
Exercise capacity is an important predictor of risk in known or suspected coronary disease. A negative treadmill test to 9 minutes of the Bruce protocol is often used in the screening process for vocational licensing; myocardial perfusion scintigraphy is an alternative for those unable to exercise, with apparent incremental prognostic ...
Manankil Marian F - - 2011
A 57-year-old man presented with atypical upper body pain, initially attributed to musculoskeletal etiology. After analgesic failure, an exercise myocardial perfusion imaging was performed. During stress testing, patient's pain was reproduced, accompanied by prominent T-wave peaking with minor J-point elevation. T-wave amplitude decreased at the end of the recovery phase ...
Naskret Dariusz - - 2010
The aim of the study was to assess myocardial perfusion by means of non-invasive diagnostic methods and measurement of the plasma concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in patients with long-lasting type 1 diabetes. The study was performed on 41 Type 1 diabetic patients (23 females, 18 males), aged ...
Backus Barbra E - - 2010
PURPOSE: Simultaneous dual isotope (SDI) acquisition of (201)Tl rest/(99m)Tc-sestamibi stress-myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography is a desirable new procedure in nuclear cardiology. In this protocol (201)Tl is injected at rest but imaging is performed not earlier than after exercise. Therefore, one must be convinced that throughout exercise (201)Tl ...
Peteiro Jesus - - 2010
Stress echocardiography is a useful tool for the clinical decision making process, given its accuracy and demonstrated prognostic value. Among available stress echocardiography techniques, exercise is safer and more physiologic, therefore must be considered the first choice for patients able to exercise. Peak exercise echocardiography has greater sensitivity than post-exercise ...
Perrone-Filardi Pasquale - - 2010
The increase in average life expectancy will move the burden of coronary artery disease (CAD) to older patients. Myocardial perfusion imaging by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has been extensively validated for diagnosis and prognostic evaluation in large population series. Yet, its use is usually limited in elderly patients ...
Ariji Yoshiko - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the changes, using magnetic resonance (MR) images, in the masseter muscles caused by low-level static contraction. STUDY DESIGN: Ten healthy male volunteers were enrolled in the study. The MR scans were performed before, immediately after, and 10 minutes after low-level static ...
Lu Chunzeng - - 2010
To assess the performance of currently used stress tests for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a series of female hypertensive patients. We performed exercise electrocardiography (ECG), technetium-99m sestamibi (MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography, dobutamine and dipyridamole echocardiography, and coronary angiography in 76 hypertensive women. Of the ...
Chandraratna P A N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic imaging using a handheld transducer in conjunction with treadmill exercise testing is commonly used for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Motion of the hand and the transducer during peak exercise preclude optimal imaging. To circumvent the limitations of handheld transducers, we developed a low profile transducer (CONTISON) ...
Alexander Gregory L - - 2010
Human motion analysis provides motion pattern and body pose estimations. This study integrates computer-vision techniques and explores a markerless human motion analysis system. Using human-computer interaction (HCI) methods and goals, researchers use a computer interface to provide feedback about range of motion to users. A total of 35 adults aged ...
Shizukuda Yukitaka - - 2010
Exercise echocardiography has been established as a reliable diagnostic tool for assessment of myocardial ischemia. However, more recent advances in its technique have expanded its routine clinical use to include quantification of exercise-induced diastolic dysfunction, exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension, and dynamic assessment of mitral and aortic valve function. The indications for ...
Raman Subha V SV Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA. - - 2010
To date, stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has relied on pharmacologic agents, and therefore lacked the physiologic information available only with exercise stress. 43 patients age 25 to 81 years underwent a treadmill stress test incorporating both Tc99m SPECT and CMR. After rest Tc99m SPECT imaging, patients underwent resting cine ...
Karlsberg Ronald P - - 2010
To compare utilization of non-invasive ischemic testing, invasive coronary angiography (ICA), and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures before and after introduction of 64-slice multi-detector row coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in a large urban primary and consultative cardiology practice. We utilized a review of electronic medical records (NotesMD) and the ...
Andreisek Gustav - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess temporal changes with exercise in T2* and arterial spin labeling signals in patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the anterior compartment of the lower leg and in control subjects using T2* mapping and arterial spin labeling MRI. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: ...
Campbell Anna - - 2009
Our meta-analysis examined the impact of exercise interventions on body image; and participant, intervention, and design features associated with larger effects. We identified 57 interventions (with pre-and post-data for the exercise and control groups) examining the effects of exercise on body image. A small random effect indicated that exercise intervention ...
Dodla S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Real-time perfusion (RTP) echocardiographic imaging with a continuous infusion of microbubbles has improved the sensitivity of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD). The impact of RTP on treadmill exercise stress echocardiography (TESE) is unclear. Design Retrospective database review. SETTING/PATIENTS/INTERVENTIONS: RTP was utilised in 254 DSE ...
Bourque Jamieson M JM Cardiovascular Division and the Cardiovascular Imaging Center, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. - - 2009
We sought to identify prospectively the prevalence of significant ischemia (> or =10% of the left ventricle [LV]) on exercise single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging relative to workload achieved in consecutive patients referred for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). High exercise capacity is a strong predictor of a good prognosis, ...
Chow Benjamin J W - - 2009
Although positron emission tomography (PET) is routinely performed using vasodilator stress, exercise and dobutamine stress are available alternatives. Evidence suggests that vasodilator PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has prognostic value, but the prognostic value of treadmill exercise and dobutamine PET MPI is unknown. To determine the potential prognostic value of ...
Takase Bonpei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The electrocardiographic index of QT dispersion (QTd) is related to the occurrence of arrhythmia. In patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease, QTd may be affected by exercise. We investigated whether QTd that is automatically calculated by a newly developed computer system could be used as a marker ...
Bouzas-Mosquera Alberto - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the value of exercise echocardiography (EE) for predicting outcome in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease and normal exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) testing. BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of EE in patients with normal exercise ECG testing has not been characterized. METHODS: We studied 4,004 ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2011
Isometric handgrip exercise (HG) was proposed as one of alternative substitute test for the more conventional exercise stress testing but the value of this test alone is limited by a relatively low sensitivity for detecting the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD).On the contrary, the combination of dipyridamole-HG stress with ...
Choi Ran - - 2009
A 7-month-old, female jindo dog was presented with severe ascites, cyanosis, and exercise intolerance. Diagnostic imaging studies revealed Ebstein's anomaly with an atrial septal defect. The dog was managed medically with inotropics, diuretics, and vasodilators.
Thomas Gregory S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although vasodilator stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is increasingly performed with exercise, adenosine A(2A) receptor agonists have not been studied with exercise. OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety of administering regadenoson during exercise and, secondarily, to evaluate image quality, patient acceptance, and detection of perfusion defects. METHODS: Patients requiring pharmacologic ...
Dou Ke-Fei - - 2008
We have recently demonstrated the potential of (18)F-FDG as an imaging marker of myocardial ischemia if injected at peak exercise. However, how long increased (18)F-FDG uptake can be observed after an episode of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia is not known. We performed the current study to determine whether increased regional myocardial ...
Heinzel Alexander - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to probe for regional cerebral effects of S-ketamine on in vivo GABA-A-receptor binding in healthy human subjects. METHODS: We investigated I-123-iomazenil SPECT before, during and after administration of S-ketamine in a blinded placebo-controlled study design (n = 12 in both groups). Analyses of SPECT were performed with ...
Rabinovici Gil D GD Memory and Aging Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2008
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is found at autopsy in up to one third of patients with primary progressive aphasia (PPA), but clinical features that predict AD pathology in PPA are not well defined. We studied the relationships between language presentation, Abeta amyloidosis, and glucose metabolism in three PPA variants using [11C]-Pittsburgh ...
Edison P P Imperial College London, MRC Cyclotron Building, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W120NN, UK. - - 2008
Neuropathological studies have reported varying amounts of amyloid pathology in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD). [11C]PIB positron emission tomography (PET) is a marker of brain amyloid deposition. The aim of this study was to quantify in vivo amyloid load in DLB and PDD compared with ...
Cittanti Corrado - - 2008
Our purpose was to evaluate the safety profile and biodistribution behavior in healthy human volunteers of the new myocardial perfusion tracer bis[(dimethoxypropylphosphanyl)ethyl]ethoxyethylamine N,N'-bis(ethoxyethyl)dithiocarbamato nitrido technetium(V) (99mTc-N-DBODC). METHODS: Ten healthy male volunteers were injected with 99mTc-N-DBODC under both stress and rest conditions. Anterior and posterior planar gamma-camera images were collected at ...
Bhat Amogh - - 2008
Although exercise electrocardiography (ExECG) is commonly used to detect coronary artery disease, the diagnostic accuracy and reliability of positive (ischemic) results of ExECG in low- and intermediate-risk populations are limited. Accordingly, many patients with positive results of ExECG undergo secondary evaluation using noninvasive stress imaging such as exercise echocardiography. Functional ...
Bishop Gary A - - 2008
A multiyear, on-road emission measurement program carried out in the cities of Chicago, Illinois; Denver, Colorado; Los Angeles (LA), California; and Phoenix, Arizona shows large, fuel-specific tailpipe emissions reductions at all of the sites for carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitric oxide (NO). CO emissions decreased between 56% (Denver) ...
Sarullo Filippo Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise causes enhanced sympathetic discharge and results in physiologic tachycardia. However, in some patients with a diseased conduction system resulting from acute ischemia, exercise can precipitate heart block. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this report we describe a 51 years old male patient with transient advanced degree atrioventricular (AV) block ...
Haluska Brian A - - 2008
To date, the main cardiovascular application of TDI (tissue Doppler imaging) has been in myocardial evaluation. In the present study, we investigated the feasibility and reproducibility of assessing arterial elasticity using the DC (distensibility coefficient) measured by TDI, the correlation of this with the DC obtained by other methods and ...
Thambyrajah J - - 2008
AIMS: To determine the feasibility of strain rate imaging (SRI) in the objective detection of exercise-induced ischaemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixteen patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) underwent treadmill exercise stress echocardiography (ESE) pre- and post-PCI. Measurement of systolic SRI parameters was attempted in all myocardial segments at baseline, ...
Brinkman Niels - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess whether adenosine impairs left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) obtained with gated SPECT in patients with a normal myocardial perfusion scintigram. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 160 consecutive patients with a normal myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS), who were stressed with ...
Ahlberg Alan W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Combining vasodilator and exercise stress reduces noncardiac side effects, improves image quality, and enhances the detection of ischemia, compared with suboptimal exercise or vasodilator stress alone. However, prognostic data with combined protocols are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients (n = 2064) who underwent symptom-limited exercise and dipyridamole stress ...
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