Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 703
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Takeishi Y - - 1994
Thallium-201 (Tl-201) distribution during adenosine infusion was assessed quantitatively and compared with that of exercise imaging. Adenosine and exercise Tl-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were performed in 40 patients with suspected coronary artery disease. In the whole-body images (n = 5) and the unprocessed anterior projection images acquired as ...
Wackers F J - - 1994
The role of physical exercise in myocardial perfusion imaging is critical for two reasons: (1) stress is essential to create heterogeneity of blood flow in myocardial regions supplied by normal versus stenosed coronary arteries and (2) exercise data provide invaluable information that can influence the interpretation of perfusion images. Image ...
Leppo J A - - 1994
Dipyridamole is a pharmacologic stressor used in place of exercise for myocardial perfusion imaging in patients who cannot exercise due to various physical limitations. Perfusion studies with dipyridamole can identify coronary artery disease (CAD) as accurately as maximal exercise stress testing. In addition, dipyridamole myocardial perfusion studies are useful to ...
Dovgan D J - - 1994
The purpose of this study is to determine the range of maximal diaphragmatic crural thickness during different phases of respiration and to correlate crural thickness with age and gender. Prospective evaluation of computed tomographic (CT) scans of 200 patients without juxtacrural abnormalities was performed. Maximal short-axis crural thickness measurements were ...
Lette J - - 1994
Exercise myocardial perfusion imaging with Tc-99m sestaMIBI is routinely used to detect underlying coronary stenoses. Ischemia is diagnosed in regions that display decreased tracer uptake during exercise as compared to rest. Tc-99m sestaMIBI SPECT images of 42 healthy volunteers were assessed both qualitatively (tomographic slices) and quantitatively (sectored polar map) ...
Verani M S - - 1994
Dobutamine, a pharmacologic stressor, is useful for myocardial perfusion imaging in patients who cannot exercise. Patients with asthma or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who are at risk for adverse effects from either dipyridamole or adenosine are prime candidates for dobutamine perfusion studies. Dobutamine is a predominant beta-1 agonist that ...
Lee J - - 1994
There are currently four common types of stress used with thallium-201 imaging in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease and risk assessment. The objective of this study was to examine the thallium biokinetics during exercise, adenosine, dipyridamole and dobutamine stress testing in 15 healthy volunteers. METHODS: Each subject underwent planar ...
Gimple L W - - 1994
The use of physiologic testing for prognostication continues to be useful and widely applied in the predischarge evaluation of patients recovering from an uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction in the thrombolytic era. Because patients with abnormal exercise test results are now routinely sent for angiography, there are no randomized trials or ...
Pennell D J - - 1994
There are a number of stress techniques in common use for 201Tl myocardial imaging but few studies have been performed comparing the biodistribution of 201Tl in each case. METHODS: We studied 36 normal patients after six different stress regimens by whole-body imaging, 40 min after 201Tl injection. The stress regimens ...
Iskandrian A S - - 1994
BACKGROUND: This study compared the prognostic value of exercise single-photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) thallium imaging with that of treadmill exercise score in medically treated patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: The treadmill exercise score was derived from exercise duration, degree of ST segment depression, and the ...
al-Tikriti M S - - 1994
The regional brain distribution and pharmacological specificity of three high affinity tracers for the dopamine (DA) D2 receptor: [123I]IBF, [123I]epidepride, and [123I]2'-ISP were assessed by SPECT imaging of non-human primates. The ratios of striatal-to-occipital activities at the time of peak striatal uptake were 2.2, 6.3 and 1.7, respectively. From the ...
Weindling S N - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of myocardial perfusion abnormalities at rest and exercise and to assess exercise capacity in children after the arterial switch operation. BACKGROUND: There have been sporadic reports of myocardial ischemia or sudden death in children after the arterial switch operation for transposition ...
Tawarahara K - - 1994
To assess the clinical value of simultaneous dual myocardial imaging with iodine-123-beta-methyl-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) and thallium-201 (201Tl), myocardial imaging was performed at rest and during exercise in seven patients with coronary heart disease. When 123I-BMIPP and 201Tl images were compared, the initial exercise and resting images agreed 87% and 64%, ...
Herman S D - - 1994
Studies using dobutamine thallium-201 myocardial perfusion imaging have suggested a high sensitivity and specificity for the detection of coronary artery disease. However, few data are available comparing dobutamine with exercise stress for the detection and localization of perfusion defects. This study compared the effects of dobutamine and exercise stress using ...
Miletich R S - - 1994
Regional cerebral perfusion was assessed in six patients with asymmetric Parkinson's disease (PD) of mild to moderate severity and in six matched normal subjects using 99mTc-bicisate single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Regional activity was normalized to whole-brain activity. Each subject was studied twice, separated by 15.2 +/- 9.2 and ...
Barasch E - - 1994
Stress echocardiography has been developed in recent years as an effective noninvasive test for the detection and assessment of coronary artery disease. This method combines exercise with 2-dimensional echocardiography, which can assess regional and global left ventricular function during stress. Dobutamine infusion, a pharmacologic means of producing cardiovascular stress, appears ...
Santos-Ocampo C D - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic stress has been shown in animal studies to induce high degrees of myocardial hyperemia. At these levels of myocardial blood flow, the myocardial uptake of technetium 99m sestamibi may plateau and may affect the diagnostic accuracy. This study compared the effects of myocardial hyperemia induced by exercise, dipyridamole, ...
Yamagami H - - 1994
To test the clinical significance of technetium-99m teboroxime regional myocardial clearance in the detection of coronary artery disease, 25 patients underwent dynamic planar or single-photon emission tomographic (SPET) myocardial imaging with 99mTc-teboroxime after exercise and again 2 h later at rest. All patients underwent both thallium-201 exercise and redistribution SPET ...
Casanova R - - 1994
Restenosis remains the main limitation of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Since it seems likely that restenosis not severe enough to induce ischemia may be better detected with pharmacological testing than with exercise, we investigated whether dipyridamole thallium scintigraphy is better than exercise-electrocardiogram and exercise-thallium in predicting restenosis after PTCA. ...
Yoshioka H - - 1994
We evaluated the acute changes in exercised muscle using magnetization transfer contrast (MTC) MR imaging with a short repetition time sequence. Ten volunteers performed supine ankle dorsiflexion exercise. MTC gradient-recalled echo (GRE) images were obtained before and after exercise at 1.5 T. The effect of MTC was assessed by dividing ...
Ignaszewski A P - - 1993
Dipyridamole-induced coronary hyperemia with 201Tl myocardial perfusion scintigraphy can detect ischemic regions in individuals unable to perform adequate exercise, but it has several limitations. Symptom-limited exercise supplementation to intravenous dipyridamole can potentially overcome them, but the safety and diagnostic accuracy for this combination has not been established. Between 1987 and ...
Abe S - - 1993
To determine the clinical usefulness of adenosine Tl-201 imaging for the evaluation of coronary artery disease, 22 patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent adenosine and exercise Tl-201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were studied. The peak levels of heart rate (83 vs 123 bpm, p < 0.001), ...
Rivitz S M - - 1993
Myocardial perfusion imaging with thallium-201 has been used extensively for many years in the evaluation of ischemic heart disease. It is a valuable adjunct to exercise treadmill testing and is especially helpful in evaluating cardiac perfusion in patients who have abnormal resting electrocardiograms, who are unable to exercise, and whose ...
Sridhara B S - - 1993
Technetium-99m (Tc-99m) tetrofosmin, a new myocardial perfusion imaging agent, was evaluated at exercise and rest in 50 patients with documented coronary artery disease to determine myocardial kinetics, redistribution and ideal imaging time. Planar imaging was performed at 5, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 240 minutes after an injection of Tc-99m ...
Bisi G - - 1993
The aim of this study was to compare the reliability of 99Tcm-sestamibi myocardial scintigraphy for the assessment of coronary artery disease extent using two different stresses (exercise and dipyridamole) and imaging techniques (planar versus single photon emission tomography, SPET) in a patient population of 20 subjects, all also studied with ...
Pennell D J - - 1993
Exercise thallium imaging is effective and provides information on exercise tolerance and symptoms, but is less sensitive if exercise is submaximal. When dipyridamole alone is used for such patients, the exercise parameters are lost and high background uptake results. This study examines dipyridamole combined with maximal exercise, to capitalize on ...
Previtali M - - 1993
To compare the value of dobutamine and dipyridamole stress echocardiography with exercise stress testing for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), 80 patients with chest pain of suspected myocardial ischemic origin (57 with CAD and 23 without significant CAD) underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography (5 to 40 micrograms/kg/min), dipyridamole echocardiography ...
Kujacic V G - - 1993
Dynamic exercise echocardiography is sensitive and specific in detection and evaluation of coronary artery disease. Frequently, however, patients cannot achieve maximum exercise because of various factors. The aims of this study were to compare usefulness of adenosine infusion and dynamic exercise to induce myocardial ischemia detected with 2-D echocardiography and ...
Hoffmann R - - 1993
In 66 patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), exercise electrocardiography (ECG), exercise echocardiography, dobutamine stress echocardiography (dosage, 5 to 40 micrograms/kg/min), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI) and coronary angiography were performed prospectively to compare methods for detecting CAD. CAD was defined as 70% luminal area stenosis ...
Marie P Y - - 1993
The usefulness of exercise single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-thallium for detecting asymptomatic restenosis was assessed prospectively in 62 patients with angina before angioplasty, who underwent < or = 6-month re-angiography and exercise SPECT-thallium imaging. Among patients with restenosis, nine had recurrence of angina but eight did not. These two ...
Ciniglio R - - 1993
Abnormal wall motion detected with exercise echocardiography identifies ischemic myocardium, while normal myocardium exhibits hyperkinetic motion. The normal, hyperkinetic response to exercise is transient and is predictive of an excellent prognosis. However, there are few data on the duration of the hyperkinesis after peak exercise. Our purpose was to determine ...
Cyran S E - - 1993
The combination of two-dimensional and continuous-wave (CW) Doppler echocardiographic imaging forms the cornerstone of diagnostic imaging in pre- or postoperative coarctation of the aorta. Because of the frequent association of other congenital heart defects, e.g., bicuspid aortic valve, a segmental imaging approach with multiple image planes should be used. CW ...
Walamies M - - 1993
The diagnostic value of 123I-phenylpentadecanoic acid (IPPA) metabolic cardiac imaging was studied in a group (n = 29) of patients with angiographically confirmed CAD using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). A symptom-limited exercise test was first done with IPPA, and 2 days later with thallium. Medications were not withheld ...
Munck O - - 1993
A slow washout of 201Thallium has a high diagnostic and prognostic value for coronary artery disease. The aim of the present work was to contribute with reference data on 201Tl uptake and washout from the myocardium. With a quantitative method using circumferential profiles and interpolative background subtraction we performed 201Tl ...
Nisen H O - - 1993
The aim of this study was to find out the normal response of the duplex Doppler (DD) parameter resistance index (RI) during a high dose prostaglandin E1 (40 micrograms) induced erection and to evaluate the clinical usefulness of DD scanning in the diagnosis of cavernovenous leakage (CVL). The results of ...
Segall G M - - 1993
Twenty-six patients underwent conventional exercise/4-h redistribution thallium myocardial perfusion imaging as well as rest/exercise imaging on different days. For the rest/exercise study, patients were imaged 10 min after receiving 1 mCi thallium at rest. The resting study was immediately followed by symptom-limited treadmill exercise. Patients were injected with 2 mCi ...
Lee J - - 1993
The myocardial thallium concentration is different during pharmacologic than exercise stress testing due to differences in coronary blood flow and cardiac output. These differences may affect the quantitative measurement of the size of ischemic myocardium if a stress-specific normal file is not used. This study examined this concept in 34 ...
Pirelli S - - 1993
The usefulness of high-dose (< or = 0.84 mg/kg over 10 minutes) dipyridamole echocardiography testing was compared with that of exercise thallium-201 scintigraphy in detecting restenosis (> 70% lumen reduction) in 50 asymptomatic patients with ST-segment depression during maximal exercise testing 3 months after successful coronary angioplasty. Dipyridamole echocardiography testing ...
O'Keefe J H JH - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the comparative diagnostic accuracy of adenosine versus exercise in conjunction with thallium-201 scintigraphy for the detection and localization of coronary artery disease in patients with left bundle branch block on the rest electrocardiogram (ECG). BACKGROUND: Patients with left bundle branch block on the rest ECG ...
Takeishi Y - - 1993
To examine whether measurements of lung thallium-201 (Tl-201) uptake with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) following exercise or dipyridamole infusion provide complementary information as reported in planar imaging, we examined 140 patients undergoing exercise or dipyridamole Tl-201 SPECT and coronary arteriography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). ...
Tsukamoto T - - 1993
To test the feasibility of resting thallium-201 (201Tl) initial and delayed scintigraphy for detecting the area of viable myocardium, we performed single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in 57 patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI). All had received coronary arteriography (CAG) and left ventriculography (LVG). Initial and delayed myocardial imagings ...
Matsuda Y - - 1993
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between the symptom of ischemia and the amount of abnormally perfused myocardium, coronary arteriography and exercise and redistribution thallium 201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 153 patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease; 53 patients had ...
Eisner R L - - 1993
We investigated the frequency and extent of changes in heart position and geometry independent of body motion during stress single-photon emission tomography (SPET) thallium-201 myocardial perfusion imaging. Following an exercise treadmill test, patients had a 22.1-min SPET acquisition which was followed immediately by a static image acquisition for 1 min ...
Wallbridge D R - - 1993
In the assessment and evaluation of patients with suspected coronary artery disease there is a need for pharmacological stress combined with thallium scintigraphy. Thallium images were obtained following stress both with dobutamine infusion (5-20 micrograms kg-1 min-1) and with symptom-limited bicycle ergometry in 20 patients (age 39-70 years) with chest ...
Amanullah A M - - 1993
The prognostic value of thallium-201 imaging in patients with unstable angina is not well established. Forty consecutive patients with unstable angina who had responded to medical therapy underwent predischarge symptom-limited exercise testing and 39 of them underwent exercise thallium-201 imaging, on average 3 days after the exercise test. Exercise echocardiography ...
Taki J - - 1993
123I-labelled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed in 17 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and was compared with 201Tl exercise stress myocardial perfusion SPECT images. Fourteen patients showed asymmetrical hypertrophy, and three demonstrated apical hypertrophy. SPECT was performed 20 min and 3 h after injection ...
Higley B - - 1993
A novel 99mTc complex (1,2-bis[bis(2-ethoxyethyl)phosphino] ethane, 99mTc-tetrofosmin) has been developed to replace 201Tl in myocardial perfusion imaging. Biodistribution, safety and dosimetry of 99mTc-tetrofosmin were studied in 12 male volunteers, each at rest and during exercise. Safety parameters measured to 48 hr postinjection revealed no clinically significant long-term drug-related changes. Biodistribution ...
Campeau R J - - 1993
A 37-year-old man with atypical chest pain and complete left bundle branch block showed a marked exercise induced septal defect on Tc-99m sestamibi stress testing. A repeat examination at rest the next day revealed complete reversal of the previous septal defect. Coronary angiography two days later showed a normal coronary ...
Iskandrian A S - - 1993
This large-scale study examined the ability of stepwise discriminant analysis of clinical, exercise, and thallium tomographic data to detect high-risk patients with three-vessel or left main disease. There were 834 patients, 229 with three-vessel or left main disease (group 1) and 605 (group 2) with either two-vessel disease (n = ...
Stern S - - 1992
Dipyridamole 201Tl imaging is an accepted diagnostic procedure for the evaluation of patients unable to perform adequate treadmill exercise, but is limited by high infradiaphragmatic activity. While recent studies have shown that the addition of exercise reduces this activity, the amount of exercise needed to effect such an improvement is ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >