Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 705
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Milan E - - 1996
This study evaluated the accuracy of 99mTc SPECT in predicting restenosis after primary successful PTCA. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with equivocal symptom-limited exercise stress testing were evaluated. All patients underwent separate day exercise-rest 99mTc-sestamibi SPECT. The perfusion studies were evaluated using three different methods of analysis: visual inspection, semiquantitative and quantitative ...
Arnold W - - 1996
Eleven patients suffering from chronic disabling tinnitus underwent an FDG-PET study (positron emission tomography with [18F]deoxyglucose). Nine tinnitus patients revealed a significantly increased metabolic activity in the left, 1 in the right primary auditory cortex (PAC, Brodmann area 41). These results were statistically significant when compared to 14 healthy control ...
Lawson W E - - 1996
The effect of treatment with enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) on exercise hemodynamics and myocardial stress perfusion in 27 patients with chronic stable angina was studied. A majority (22/27 or 81%) of patients improved their exercise tolerance after EECP treatment, and a similar percentage (21/27 or 78%) of patients improved their ...
Yvorchuk K J - - 1996
Left ventricular cavity opacification can be produced by the intravenous injection of sonicated albumin (Albunex 422). A recent study suggested that sonicated albumin may be useful in dobutamine stress echocardiography, but its use in exercise echocardiography has not been reported. The purposes of the study were to assess the feasibility ...
Hurwitz G A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess the vasodilator plus exercise (VEX) test as an adjunct to myocardial perfusion imaging with respect to the accuracy of kinetics of thallium-201 (Tl-201) and other indicators of ischemia. SETTING: A nuclear medicine laboratory in which patients referred for myocardial scintigraphy are triaged to undergo the stress component ...
Hurwitz G A - - 1996
Stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (SMPS) may be used to amplify or supplant information available from stress electrocardiography (ECG) in directing the clinical management of patients, including the need for coronary angiography. The apparent usefulness of SMPS may depend on referral bias, the stress mode employed and the criterion for disease. ...
Cohn J M - - 1996
Fifty-one consecutive patients underwent exercise echocardiography, angiography, and intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS) 2.5 years (range from 1 to 6) after cardiac transplantation. The average age of the donor was 29 years (range 13 to 50), and the average age of the recipient was 49 +/- 12 years. In total, 78 studies ...
Shammas N W - - 1996
This study was designed to assess the contribution of clinical, electrocardiographic and exercise hemodynamic variables to the prediction of normalization on resting reinjection scintigraphy of persistent thallium-201 (201Tl) myocardial perfusion defects seen with exercise and 2- to 4-hour delayed (redistribution) imaging. To evaluate this contribution, we studied 159 consecutive patients ...
Jaussi Andres - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Exercise echocardiography (EE) is being used increasingly as an investigative technique now that dynamic images can be captured digitally. Its equivalent reliability with scintigraphic methods has been demonstrated in a hospital setting. This study analyzes its impact on daily practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized progressive stress was produced by ...
Hurwitz G A - - 1996
Stress/injection protocols developed for myocardial perfusion imaging with 201Tl may not be optimal for 99Tcm-sestamibi (MIBI), an agent with lower myocardial extraction and higher abdominal uptake; prolongation of exercise after radiotracer injection might improve these relative drawbacks of MIBI. We compared the kinetics of MIBI and 201Tl by acquiring dynamic ...
Schröder K - - 1996
This study assessed and compared the diagnostic potential of submaximal exercise, transesophageal atrial pacing, dipyridamole, and dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography tests shortly after acute myocardial infarction. In 121 study patients, 325 digital echocardiographic stress tests were attempted 10 to 11 days after acute myocardial infarction: 83 submaximal exercise tests, 121 high-dose ...
Shimizu M - - 1996
123I 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) myocardial scintigraphy and exercise stress thallium (TI)-201 myocardial scintigraphy were performed in 17 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) to evaluate the existence of abnormal fatty acid metabolism in the myocardium and the relationship between this abnormality and myocardial ischemia. On the BMIPP scintigraphy, abnormalities were found ...
Kao C H - - 1996
The authors reviewed the stress Tc-99m MIBI SPECT results and clinical data of 15 patients with syndrome X. The results of exercise EKG and resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were compared with the results of Tc-99m MIBI SPECT. Of the 15 patients, 9 (60%) had a normal Tc-99m MIBI ...
Blumenthal R S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Exercise testing, even when combined with radionuclide perfusion imaging, does not accurately predict future clinical coronary heart disease (CHD) in low-risk asymptomatic populations. We hypothesized that these tests would perform better in a higher-risk population with a high prevalence of occult CHD. Siblings of persons with premature CHD represent ...
Golub R J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness of published nuclear cardiology training guidelines, the diagnostic accuracy of image interpretation by nuclear cardiology trainees was compared with that of experienced nuclear cardiologists. METHODS AND RESULTS: The accuracy of three experienced nuclear cardiologists and three trainees with level II experience following Society of Nuclear ...
Thompson E J - - 1996
Pharmacologic induction of exercise with dobutamine hydrochloride, coupled with the technology of echocardiography, is an alternate method for evaluating ischemic heart disease. Dobutamine stress echocardiography involves obtaining echocardiographic images before, during, and after a titrated dobutamine infusion is administered. The study is positive if global or regional ventricular wall motion ...
Matsunari I - - 1996
Defect size on exercise-rest technetium (Tc)-99m tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging was compared with that on exercise-reinjection thallium-201 imaging with 20 patients with 1-vessel coronary artery disease. In each patient, exercise-reinjection thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and exercise-rest Tc-99m tetrofosmin SPECT imaging were performed. For visual analysis of the obtained ...
Beauregard L A - - 1996
Signal averaging can be used to assess changes in myocardial activation under a variety of physiological conditions including stress. This study prospectively evaluated patients who underwent rest and exercise recording of signal-averaged electrocardiograms. The 163 patients were divided into three groups based on thallium results: normal (group I), reperfusion (group ...
Cramer M J - - 1996
Intravenously administered adenosine and high-dose dipyridamole, both combined with low-level exercise stress, were compared in a head-to-head fashion using 99Tcm-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (99Tcm-MIBI) single photo emission tomography (SPET) myocardial perfusion imaging. Thirty-nine consecutive patients who had undergone coronary arteriography underwent 99Tcm-MIBI (740 Mbq) SPET after dipyridamole (0.84 mg kg-1) and after ...
van Eck-Smit B L - - 1996
As several reinjection procedures have shown encouraging results in terms of imaging, we investigated whether the kinetics of thallium-201 would differ between the standard stress-redistribution-reinjection approach and the stress-immediate reinjection approach. In 53 consecutive patients with undiagnosed chest pain, 75 MBq (2 mCi) 201Tl was injected at maximal exercise. In ...
Dimitrow P P - - 1996
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation of coronary flow velocity (CFV) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) to exercise capacity in ten verapamil-treated patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). Using Doppler transesophageal echocardiography, we assessed diastolic CFV in the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery at baseline and ...
Kisacik H L - - 1996
The object of our study was to compare the value of exercise stress testing with simultaneous dobutamine stress echocardiography and technetium-99m isonitrile single-photon emission computed tomography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Sixty-nine patients with either suspected or proven coronary artery disease underwent simultaneous dobutamine technetium-99m isonitrile single-photon emission ...
Roig E - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that aminophylline improves exercise-induced ischaemia by preventing the redistribution of the coronary flow from ischaemic to non-ischaemic myocardium. The purpose of the study was to assess whether aminophylline improves myocardial perfusion in zones supplied by collateral circulation. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with an occluded coronary artery ...
Schroeder-Tanka J M - - 1996
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) and late thallium-201 (201Tl) reversibility in a series of 72 consecutive patients with undiagnosed chest pain and an initial persistent perfusion defect on conventional stress/4-h redistribution imaging. We wished to establish the diagnostic accuracy of ...
Tawa C B - - 1996
This study was undertaken to evaluate whether adenosine echocardiography is comparable to exercise echocardiography in the detection of ischemia in patients with suspected coronary artery disease and to assess whether the addition of handgrip exercise to adenosine enhances the induction of ischemia in these patients. Accordingly, 67 patients with suspected ...
Votaw J R - - 1996
It has become commonplace to compare scanner sensitivity characteristics by comparing noise equivalent count rate curves. However, because a 20-cm diameter uniform phantom is drastically different from a human brain, these curves give misleading information when planning a neuro activation PET experiment. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations have been performed using ...
- - 1996
To describe the various types of stress tests and to provide guidelines for selecting a specific test for an individual patient. Myocardial perfusion imaging, radionuclide angiography, stress echocardiography, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing are described. The advantages and limitations of these techniques are reviewed and compared with those of standard treadmill ...
Hoffmann R - - 1995
The purpose of this prospective study was to examine the incidence of exercise-induced ischaemia before and after angioplasty as well as 4 months later by exercise echocardiography, to evaluate the prognostic value of exercise echocardiography performed after angioplasty as regards the development of restenosis and to determine whether serial exercise ...
Armstrong W F - - 1995
Arbutamine (Gensia, Inc., San Diego, CA) is a newly-developed sympathomimetic agent specifically designed for cardiovascular stress testing. It has been successfully used for the detection of coronary artery disease in conjunction with electrocardiography, echocardiographic and radionuclide techniques. Arbutamine increases heart rate and contractility, thus provoking ischaemia in a manner analogous ...
Ali S M - - 1995
We determined the intra, inter-observer and temporal variability of upright bicycle exercise echocardiography in 50 consecutive patients with suspected coronary heart disease. Using significant artery stenoses as reference, the sensitivity of digital exercise echocardiography was 89% and the specificity 92%. Regarding the presence or absence of exercise-induced ischaemia, intra-observer agreement ...
Marwick T H - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the influence of left ventricular hypertrophy on the accuracy of exercise electrocardiography and echocardiography for detection of coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic repolarization abnormalities caused by left ventricular hypertrophy compromise the diagnostic accuracy of exercise electrocardiography but not of exercise echocardiography. The relative merits of these ...
Kiat H - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of arbutamine when used in conjunction with thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in a multicenter trial and to compare arbutamine stress and treadmill exercise thallium-201 SPECT for diagnostic sensitivity and myocardial perfusion pattern. BACKGROUND: Arbutamine is a potent beta-agonist ...
Seto H - - 1995
To improve the early detectability of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, we have developed a new subtraction scintigraphic technique using in vivo labeled 99mTc red blood cells (RBC). Use of this new sequential subtraction method every 5 min makes it possible to detect early the bleeding site and calculate the bleeding rate. ...
Bonow R O - - 1995
Exercise myocardial perfusion imaging and exercise echocardiography have been applied widely for diagnosis and risk stratification of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. The accuracy of these evaluations depends upon the ability of the patient to achieve maximal exercise (> 85% of age-predicted maximal heart rate). In patients ...
Michaelides A - - 1995
Previous studies have shown a good correlation between exercise-induced changes of Q-, R-, and S-waves (Athens QRS score) and the number of the obstructed coronary arteries. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that abnormal Athens QRS score is related to exercise-induced myocardial ischemia. Patients who had exercise ...
Nielsen T G - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To develop a simple protocol for ultrasound Duplex surveillance of infrainguinal vein bypasses. DESIGN: The value of three Doppler waveform parameters, obtained from a single point of the bypass, for identification of stenoses was studied in 91 in situ vein bypasses. Midgraft peak systolic velocity (PSV), pulsatility index (PI) ...
Marie P Y - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the prognostic role of exercise thallium-201 (Tl-201) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Compared with planar Tl-201 scintigraphy, Tl-201 SPECT allows enhanced assessment of myocardial perfusion abnormalities. However, the long-term prognostic value of exercise Tl-201 ...
Nicolai E - - 1995
The results of resting planar ECG-gated technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) imaging were compared with those of thallium-201 (Tl) re-injection after exercise-redistribution scintigraphy in 20 patients (19 men, 1 woman, mean age 53 +/- 10 years) with angiographically proven coronary artery disease. Eight normal subjects (seven men, one woman, mean age 50 ...
Cox J L - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of cardiac events among patients with increased lung uptake of thallium after dipyridamole stress, matched subjects without such uptake and matched subjects with increased lung uptake during exercise stress. DESIGN: Retrospective case control study based on quantitative and semiquantitative visual consensus analysis of thallium scintigraphy. ...
Lisbona R - - 1995
Aartifactual inferior wall defects of perfusion are a source of frequent concern during TI-201 exercise stress redistribution SPECT imaging in the supine position. These artifactual changes also affect Tc-99m sestamibi dipyridamole myocardial perfusion studies with supine SPECT yielding a specificity of only 58% for right coronary artery (RCA) disease. Complementary ...
Kao C H - - 1995
We reviewed the exercise thallium-201 (201Tl) myocardial single photon emission tomography (SPET) results and clinical data of 28 patients, adhering to a strict definition of syndrome X. All of the patients had a normal resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and no cardiac abnormalities. The results of the exercise electrocardiography ...
Anagnostopoulos C - - 1995
Upward motion of the heart during tomographic data acquisition of stress TI-201 myocardial perfusion images may lead to artifacts in the reconstructed tomograms. The authors report a patient in whom this occurred, giving the impression of reversible perfusion defects. Although correction of the raw data abolished the artifact, a separate ...
Dagianti A - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare exercise, dipyridamole and dobutamine echocardiography in the same patients and to evaluate, by measuring physiologic and echocardiographic variables, the mechanisms by which exercise and dobutamine induce ischemia. BACKGROUND: The diagnostic value of stress echocardiography has been widely reported, but the specific effects of ...
Arnese M - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the value of quantitative coronary arteriography in predicting an ischemic response at exercise echocardiography and technetium-99m 2-methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (mibi) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with single-vessel disease of the left anterior descending coronary artery. BACKGROUND: The relation between severity of coronary ...
Hurwitz G A - - 1995
High abdominal background activity of 99mTc-sestamibi may interfere with the diagnosis in studies in which a coronary vasodilator is used; supplemental dynamic exercise might reduce this problem. METHODS: Clinical and angiographic determinants of subdiaphragmatic-to-myocardial activity ratios were measured on immediate poststress left anterior oblique images and on corresponding tomographic studies ...
Touho H - - 1995
The haemodynamic mechanisms responsible for the appearance of paraparetic transient ischaemic attacks in ten patients with childhood moyamoya disease who subsequently underwent bifrontal omental transplantation were investigated. Cerebral perfusion (CP) was measured with 99mTc-hexamethylene-propyleneamine oxime single photon computed tomography prior to and after administration of acetazolamide. Cerebral perfusion was obtained ...
Mahmarian J J - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to define the reproducibility of sequential quantitative exercise thallium-201 tomography. This was an ancillary study of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluating the short-term efficacy of transdermal nitroglycerin patches in stable patients with angiographic coronary artery disease and no prior myocardial infarction. All 18 ...
Paillole C - - 1995
Coronary artery disease may be difficult to detect in diabetic patients. This study was designed to determine the specificity and sensitivity of three noninvasive tests. Accordingly, the results of 48-h ambulatory electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring, maximal ECG exercise test, and intravenous dipyridamole myocardial thallium scintigraphy were compared in 59 middle-aged diabetic ...
Paridon S M - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated exercise performance and myocardial perfusion during exercise in patients with Kawasaki disease who had a broad spectrum of residual coronary abnormalities. BACKGROUND: Reports of exercise performance after Kawasaki disease have generally included a small number of patients evaluated by various protocols, frequently with incomplete data. Myocardial ...
Zeiher A M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The release of endothelium-derived relaxing factors has been shown experimentally to be of pivotal importance for the maintenance of coronary blood flow during increased demand. In humans with coronary atherosclerosis, endothelial vasodilator dysfunction is not confined only to epicardial conductance vessels but may also extend into the coronary microcirculation. ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >