Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 764
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Sugihara H - - 1998
The effect of exercise on the cardiac kinetics of 123I-MIBG was investigated in the present study. 123I-MIBG was administered intravenously at rest in 6 healthy male volunteers, and anterior planar and SPECT images were obtained 15 minutes, and 2 and 4 hours after administration (protocol A). After 4 weeks, 123I-MIBG ...
Fujiwara S - - 1998
An increase of 99mTc-sestamibi uptake in the myocardium during exercise was defined as a response rate, and the feasibility of a response rate for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) was tested. Eighty-seven patients with suspected CAD had myocardial perfusion imaging with 99mTc-sestamibi during exercise and at rest. A dose of ...
Mairesse G H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Dobutamine and exercise echocardiography are accepted as tests of comparable efficacy for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Although dobutamine has been classified as "exercise simulating," the mechanisms of ischemia with dobutamine and exercise have not been well studied. This study sought to compare the determinants of myocardial oxygen ...
Spencer Kirk T. - - 1998
Exercise echocardiography is a widely used modality for the noninvasive assessment of coronary artery disease. However, limitations exist inherent to the acquisition of transthoracic echocardiographic images. Although transesophageal echocardiography has been used during pacing or pharmacological stress, its use during exercise stress testing has not been clinically feasible due to ...
Kondo C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic cardiopulmonary nerves arise from the cervical sympathetic trunks and the stellate ganglia and subsequently course along the origin of the great arteries and the coronary arteries to innervate the ventricles. Therefore, the sympathetic nerves may be obligatorily interrupted by the arterial switch operation (ASO) for complete transposition of ...
Baumgartner C - - 1998
Peri-ictal SPECT provides unique information on the dynamic changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) that occur during seizure evolution and, thus, could be useful in clarifying the poorly understood interplay of the interictal and ictal states in human focal epilepsy. The regional hyperperfusion observed on ictal SPECT is generally ...
Budoff M J - - 1998
This blinded, single center study prospectively compares exercise electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) with stress technetium-99m (Tc-99m) sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in 33 patients undergoing coronary angiography for evaluation of chest pain. Patients undergoing routine cardiac catheterization for the diagnosis of chest pain were imaged at rest using ...
Miller T D - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the prognostic capabilities of exercise thallium (Tl)-201 tomographic imaging performed relatively early (within 2 years) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). BACKGROUND: Exercise testing is commonly performed after CABG, but few data exist demonstrating its prognostic value in this setting. METHODS: Four hundred eleven ...
Chaitman B R - - 1998
Prognostic risk stratification to identify perioperative and long-term cardiac risk in selected patients undergoing noncardiac surgery is part of good clinical practice. Exercise variables associated with significant increased risk include poor functional capacity (eg, <4 metabolic equivalents), marked exercise-induced ST segment shift or angina at low workloads, and inability to ...
Fukuda T - - 1998
The sensitivities of dipyridamole stress thallium 201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and treadmill exercise testing in the detection of myocardial ischemia were compared. Thirty-eight patients with Kawasaki disease and 11 age-matched controls participated in the study. Fifteen of the 38 patients with Kawasaki disease had marked coronary artery ...
Matsuo S - - 1998
Reversible thallium-201 (201Tl) abnormalities during exercise stress have been used as markers of myocardial ischemia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and are most likely to identify relatively underperfused myocardium. Although metabolic abnormalities in HCM were reported, the relationship between impaired energy metabolism and exercise-induced ischemia has not been fully elucidated as ...
Yamada M - - 1998
AIMS: Thallium-201 perfusion abnormalities are common in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and may be associated with an adverse prognosis in the young. The aim of this study was to prospectively determine the relationship between thallium-201 defects during dipyridamole stress to clinical presentation and outcome in a large consecutive series of ...
Lauer M S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The role of myocardial-perfusion imaging in calculating risk in symptom-free patients who have had coronary-artery-bypass grafting (CABG) is unclear. Practice guidelines have argued against routine screening of these patients. We sought to find out the independent and incremental prognostic value of exercise thallium-201 single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) for prediction ...
Belardinelli R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that exercise training can induce myocardial and coronary adaptations in both animals and humans. However, the significance of these potentially important changes remains to be determined in patients with ischemic heart disease and left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: To investigate whether exercise training ...
Hurwitz G A - - 1998
On poststress images with 99mTc-sestamibi (MIBI), increased lung uptake of the radiotracer may reflect severe or multivessel coronary artery disease. METHODS: We measured pulmonary/myocardial ratios of MIBI at standardized times on immediate poststress acquisitions and on delayed tomographic acquisitions. In 1500 sequential patients referred for rest and stress myocardial tomography, ...
Ito Y - - 1998
Comparative studies of thallium-201 (201Tl) and 99Tcm-tetrofosmin for the detection of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) have previously been reported. These 201Tl and 99Tcm-tetrofosmin studies were usually performed separately with different exercise loads at an interval of several days. Here, we used a dual-isotope technique with exercise myocardial SPET (single photon ...
Hattori Y - - 1998
To evaluate the diagnostic value of dobutamine stress electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) as compared with exercise stress thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (201T1-SPECT) for the detection of myocardial ischemia, 10 patients with proven or suspected coronary artery disease underwent both tests. Nine of the 10 patients also underwent coronary angiography. ...
Schechter D - - 1998
RR variability (HRV), an independent predictor of death following myocardial infarction, may also be related to other features of coronary artery disease. We evaluated its ability to differentiate among sedentary patients with chest pain >/=45 years of age demonstrating either normal or abnormal myocardial perfusion with rest and exercise thallium-210 ...
Nixdorff U - - 1997
Exercise ECG is an established method of evaluating the anti-ischemic properties of drugs. However, there are considerable methodologic limitations to this procedure and its use is restricted to patients with exercise-provoked ECG alterations which can be interpreted as ischemia. The principal, earlier onset of wall motion abnormalities according to the ...
Rallidis L - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the magnitude of ischemia precipitated by both treadmill exercise and dobutamine stress echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Although it is alleged that dobutamine stress produces ischemia similar in degree and extent to that produced during treadmill exercise, a direct comparison with treadmill exercise, the most common form of ...
Mansoor M R - - 1997
Stress myocardial perfusion imaging has become a mainstay in the noninvasive assessment of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease for several compelling reasons. Radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging can be performed using a variety of stressors, including exercise, pharmacologic stress (including dipyridamole, adenosine, dobutamine, and arbutamine), or a combination ...
Estorch M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A study was conducted to determine if prolonged exercise could provoke sympathetic neuronal alteration in an athlete's heart through assessment of myocardial distribution of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in nine ultramarathon runners at baseline and after a 4-hour race. METHODS AND RESULTS: After injection of 370 MBq of 123I-MIBG, the athletes ...
Geleijnse M L - - 1997
Large numbers of patients referred for evaluation of chest pain are unable to perform adequate, diagnostic exercise testing. In these patients, dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) represents an alternative, exercise-independent stress modality. Apart from the approximately 5% of patients with an inadequate acoustic window, 10% of patients referred for this test ...
Desideri A - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: The prognostic value of exercise technetium 99m sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging in patients with previous bypass surgery is unknown. The aim of our study was to assess the prognostic information obtained with exercise scintigraphy performed for routine follow-up or reappearance of symptoms. METHODS: We ...
Mahmarian J J - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effects of nicotine patch therapy, when used to promote smoking cessation, on myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Nicotine patches substantially increase quit rates among cigarette smokers, but their safety in patients with myocardial ischemia who are attempting to quit smoking ...
Marro K I - - 1997
Quantitative NMR measurements of perfusion using magnetic labeling of arterial water have been demonstrated previously in several different highly perfused organs. The success of these previous experiments suggested that arterial labeling may be of use in measuring perfusion in skeletal muscle, where resting perfusion is very low and where increased ...
Schulz G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate (1) the washout kinetics of 99mTc-labeled tetrofosmin, separately for myocardium with normal and reduced perfusion, and (2) its influence on quantitative analysis in a 1-day stress-rest protocol. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with angiographically proved coronary artery disease underwent bicycle exercise ...
Marwick T H - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study prospectively compared the incremental prognostic benefit of exercise echocardiography with that of exercise testing in a large cohort. BACKGROUND: Exercise echocardiography is widely accepted as a diagnostic tool, but the prognostic information provided by this test, incremental to clinical and stress testing evaluation, is ill-defined. METHODS: Clinical, ...
van de Wiele C - - 1997
A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the usefulness of thallium scintigraphy for visualization of thyroid morphology and function. Moreover, applying absolute quantitation, we wished to confirm the qualitatively reduced 99Tc(m) uptake reported by Wiersinga et al. in both euthyroid and hyperthyroid patients treated with amiodarone. Over a period of ...
Clarke E A - - 1997
The number of nuclear medicine studies is increasing and they are becoming more complex and time-consuming. In particular, this is true of myocardial perfusion investigations. We use a one-day protocol for these studies, utilizing 99Tc(m)-MIBI or 99Tc(m)-tetrofosmin with tomographic rest images (250 MBq) acquired in the morning and exercise images ...
Schartl M - - 1997
The non-invasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease by exercise electrocardiography is less accurate in women than in men, with a high rate of false-positive results in women. In contrast, recent studies have demonstrated that stress echocardiography in women is more accurate than exercise echocardiography and that the significantly higher specificity ...
Armstrong W F - - 1997
Exercise echocardiography using treadmill exercise and immediate post-exercise imaging is an accurate means for detecting and stratifying coronary artery disease. It is applicable to patients with chest pain syndromes in whom the initial diagnosis is being contemplated and also in follow-up of patients after myocardial infarction or interventional procedures. Numerous ...
O─čuzhan A - - 1997
To compare the value of exercise electrocardiography with dobutamine stress echocardiography and exercise technetium-99m isonitrile single-photon emission computed tomography for coronary artery disease, 70 patients with either suspected or proven coronary artery disease underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography, exercise technetium-99m isonitrile single-photon emission computed tomography (mibi-SPECT) and treadmill exercise electrocardiography (ECG). ...
Lakkis N M - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We sought to study the accuracy of exercise perfusion scintigraphy in patients with an implanted apical right ventricular pacemaker. BACKGROUND: The specificity of exercise perfusion scintigraphy is decreased in patients with a left bundle branch block. Patients with a permanent ventricular pacemaker have a similar conduction abnormality that may ...
Takeda K - - 1997
Iodine-123-BMIPP washout at rest and after exercise was investigated in relation to cardiac work in normal and ischemic myocardium. METHODS: Sixteen healthy volunteers and 10 patients with ischemic heart disease were examined. After injection of 111 MBq of 123I-BMIPP, successive SPECT imaging was performed to evaluate washout ratio (WR) at ...
Cohen A - - 1997
Arbutamine is a new catecholamine designed for use as a pharmacologic stress agent. This study compared the sensitivity of arbutamine with symptom-limited exercise to induce echocardiographic signs of ischemia. Arbutamine was administered by a computerized closed-loop delivery system that controls the infusion rate of arbutamine toward a predefined rate of ...
Dagianti A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Supine bicycle exercise echocardiography (SBEE) has never been used before and early after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for assessing the functional outcome of the procedure and predicting late restenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We selected 76 subjects with stable angina, normal wall motion at rest, and exercise-induced wall-motion abnormalities ...
Candell-Riera J - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We attempted to demonstrate that simultaneous dipyridamole administration and maximal subjective exercise in patients who are unable to achieve a good exercise level can improve the diagnostic efficacy of technetium-99m methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) myocardial single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). BACKGROUND: The results of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy are unsatisfactory ...
Qureshi U - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the comparative accuracy of dobutamine echocardiography and quantitative rest-redistribution 201Tl tomography in the prediction of recovery of function after revascularization and to assess the relation of contractile reserve to thallium uptake. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-four patients with stable coronary disease and ...
Dodi C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Anti-ischaemic therapy with nitrates and/or calcium channel blockers profoundly affects the results of pharmacological stress echocardiography with coronary vasodilators but the influence on catecholamine stress testing remains unsettled. AIMS: The present study aimed to assess the effects of non-beta-blocker antianginal therapy on dobutamine (up to 40 micrograms.kg-1.min-1)-atropine (up to ...
Martínez Martínez J A - - 1997
Exercise testing is a well known means of evaluating patients with unstable angina, but in recent years, alternative methods have been proposed. We prospectively compared standard exercise testing with dobutamine electrocardiographic stress testing for patients who were admitted with a diagnosis of unstable angina. A total of 43 patients were ...
Fincher C E - - 1997
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a useful tool in measuring dynamic brain functioning. Its potential to reveal the physiological mechanisms of neurotoxicity has not been fully explored. In the present study, the SPECT findings for 25 healthy control subjects were compared to the findings for 25 mixed organic ...
Zanette E M - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The capability of transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) to detect a patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been established. However, which provocative maneuver and what timing of contrast injection are most effective to induce a right-to-left shunt has not yet been determined. METHODS: We selected 38 cerebrovascular patients (21 ...
Vandenberg B F - - 1996
Pharmacologic stress thallium scintigraphy is commonly performed in the risk assessment of diabetic patients with nephropathy before kidney and/or pancreas transplantation; however, controversy exists regarding the test's accuracy in detecting coronary artery disease. Our purpose was to compare pharmacologic stress thallium scintigraphy and also exercise radionuclide ventriculography with coronary angiography ...
Ginzton L E - - 1996
Arbutamine is a new beta-adrenergic agonist with potent chronotropic and inotropic properties developed to pharmacologically induce stress. A prospective trial was conducted in five centers with a total enrolment of 45 patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease. The primary purpose of the trial was to compare the efficacy of ...
Ambrosio G - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Delayed recovery of contractile function in spite of normal perfusion (ie, "stunning") has been described in animal models of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia. Therefore, we investigated whether stunning may result from effort angina in patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with coronary artery disease underwent exercise testing combined with quantitative measurements ...
Tavel M E - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Although it is generally assumed that the appearance of an early diastolic gallop, or third heart sound, appearing immediately after exercise during treadmill stress testing, indicates the presence of serious myocardial disease, no systemically collected data are available to test this hypothesis. METHODS: The author performed auscultation ...
Leppo J A - - 1996
In choosing a pharmacologic agent for stress testing, the clinician must keep a number of things in mind, such as the diagnostic utility of the agent or in what situations a vasodilator or catecholamine will be the better choice. Although all stress agents produce similar diagnostic accuracy for CAD, vasodilators ...
Cahoy P M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of strenuous exercise on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of the rotator cuff tendon. A second objective was to define an optimal time to image the rotator cuff and possibly eliminate exercise-induced false positives. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Five male subjects from 24 to 38 ...
San Román J A - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare the usefulness of dipyridamole echocardiography, dobutamine-atropine echocardiography, and exercise stress testing in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease and to analyze the agreement among the tests. DESIGN: Performance of these three tests in random order on a consecutive cohort of patients. SETTING: A tertiary care and ...
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