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Results 151 - 200 of 745
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Graff-Guerrero A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the acute effect of a single repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) session in a focal hyperperfusion epileptogenic region to induce a transitory decrease of epileptiform activity. CASE REPORT: Two epilepsia partialis continua (EPC)-diagnosed patients, received one session with 15 trains of rTMS (20 ...
Nettleton Jo S - - 2004
This study concerns the testicular uptake and dosimetry of Auger electron-emitting radionuclides that are used during routine diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures. To consider the possible effects of these radionuclides on spermatogenic cells, a study has been undertaken to obtain in vivo data for quantification of (111)In chloride and (201)Tl chloride ...
Rinne J O - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate dopamine reuptake sites (dopamine transporter) in the caudate nucleus and putamen in narcolepsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with narcolepsy and 15 controls were studied with positron emission tomography. A cocaine analogue [11C]-CFT was used as a radioligand. RESULTS: The uptake of[11C]-CFT was within normal limits (89% ...
Kusunoki Kanji - - 2004
This study reports an evaluation of coronary arterial blood flow patterns in patients with diabetes mellitus and healthy subjects using magnetic resonance coronary angiography (MRCA). Twenty patients with diabetes mellitus (DM group) and 20 healthy subjects (N group) were studied using MRCA and myocardial SPECT images using (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin (TF). The ...
Charvat J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is known to be a risk factor of the coronary heart disease even in the asymptomatic patients. Only a limited number of reports comparing the significance of different noninvasive stress tests in establishing the diagnosis of the advanced coronary lesions exists. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study ...
Shry Eric A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Exercise treadmill testing has limited sensitivity for the detection of coronary artery disease, frequently requiring the addition of imaging modalities to enhance the predictive value of the test. Recently, there has been interest in using nonstandard electrocardiographic (ECG) leads during exercise testing. METHODS:We consecutively enrolled all patients undergoing exercise ...
Barrington S F - - 2004
The detection of hibernating myocardium is important because revascularisation results in improved function and prognosis in patients with hibernation but not in those with non-viable myocardium. The primary aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of four techniques with respect to hibernation in the same study population ...
Ances B M - - 2003
This pilot study investigated the effect of menstrual cycle phase (late luteal and mid-follicular) on cerebral perfusion changes during photic stimulation in both controls (n = 5) and true menstrual migraine patients (n = 5). No significant differences in resting baseline perfusion were observed between the two groups during either ...
Ceravolo R - - 2003
The clinical differentiation of Lewy body dementia (LBD) from Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be difficult. The aim of the present study was to assess the dopamine transporter function and the perfusional pattern in LBD and AD in vivo. Twenty patients with probable LBD and 24 with probable AD underwent on ...
Hsu H B - - 2004
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may develop premature atherosclerosis, notably peripheral vascular disease presenting with intermittent claudication or gangrene. This study evaluates the usefulness of thallium-201 muscle perfusion scan (Tl-201 muscle scan) for investigating perfusion reserve in the lower limbs of 25 asymptomatic, female SLE patients without peripheral ischemia ...
Marwick T H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with known or suspected coronary disease are often investigated to facilitate risk assessment. We sought to examine the cost-effectiveness of strategies based on exercise echocardiography and exercise electrocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 7656 patients undergoing exercise testing; of whom half underwent exercise echocardiography. Risk was defined with ...
Holly Thomas A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Failure to achieve an adequate heart rate limits the sensitivity of exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for the detection of coronary artery disease. In addition, it is often not possible to discontinue medications that may blunt the heart rate response to exercise, because of conditions such as hypertension or ...
Cortigiani Lauro - - 2003
Exercise electrocardiography (ECG) is of limited usefulness in hypertensive patients, whereas pharmacologic stress echocardiography can provide diagnostic and prognostic information. The aim of this study was to compare the prognostic value of clinical data, exercise ECG, and pharmacologic stress echocardiography in hypertensive patients with chest pain and to identify the ...
Kim Kyeong Min - - 2003
Correction of scatter and attenuation is essential for quantitative SPECT. In this work, we evaluated the accuracy gained from a method of transmission-dependent convolution subtraction (TDCS) in the quantitation of activity that is highly concentrated in the striatum (STR). METHODS: SPECT data were acquired from an (123)I-containing phantom with a ...
Dori G - - 2003
When chest symptoms recur in a patient who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), it is necessary to rule out restenosis (R). Three main noninvasive tests suggest the presence of R: exercise stress test (XT), myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and stress echocardiography (s-echo). The objectives of this review were: (1) ...
Agarwal Harish C - - 2003
PURPOSE: To study the characteristics of the optic nerve head using a scanning laser ophthalmoscope, the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II (HRT II), in a normal population and to determine the specificity of HRT II diagnostic indices in the study population. METHODS: The optic nerve heads from 275 consecutive, randomly selected ...
Lapeyre André C AC - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Exercise thallium-201 imaging provides a noninvasive estimate of the amount of myocardium presumed to be at risk of infarcting should a complete occlusion of the coronary stenosis occur. The relationship between the size of the exercise thallium perfusion defect and the extent of myocardium supplied by a diseased coronary ...
Hrynchak Patricia - - 2003
The cup-to-disc (CD) ratio evaluated using stereoscopic biomicroscopy was compared with that evaluated by viewing a non-stereo digital image of the optic nerve head. Twenty normal subjects (mean age 26 +/- 4 years) were evaluated by two observers. The average CD ratio was 0.29 with a range of 0-0.80. The ...
Taniguchi Masayuki - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic and clinical significance of newly acquired complete right bundle branch block (CRBBB) in airline pilots. PATIENTS: This study included pilots with acquired CRBBB, identified from a group of over 2,700 Japan Airline pilots. When the pilots applied for employment, ...
Elhendy Abdou - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine whether location of wall motion abnormalities (WMAs) during exercise echocardiography provides independent prognostic value. BACKGROUND: The effect of the location of WMAs during stress echocardiography on prognostic outcome is unknown. METHODS: We studied 4,347 patients (mean age, 61 +/- 12 years; 2,230 men) with ...
Matarrese Mario - - 2002
The radiolabelling with the positron-emitter Carbon-11 and the biological evaluation in rats of 3-[2-[4-(2-[11C]methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl]pyrimido[5,4-b]indole-2,4-dione ([11C]RN5), alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist (K(i)=0.21 nM), as a putative radioligand for the non-invasive assessment of alpha1-adrenoceptors with positron emission tomography (PET) is reported. The radiosynthesis procedure consisted of O-methylation of des-methyl precursor with [11C]methyl iodide in the ...
Henzlova Milena J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Female gender and hormonal status affect electrocardiographic (ECG) response to exercise. Both are often cited as factors contributing to the decreased diagnostic accuracy of exercise stress tests in women. However, there is a paucity of data. To explore the relationship between hormonal status and exercise-induced ECG changes, we used ...
Paul Asit Kr - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have demonstrated prolonged left ventricular (LV) global dysfunction after exercise-induced ischemia in gated myocardial single photon emission tomography (SPECT) as a manifestation of exercise-induced stunning. This study investigated the residual effects of exercise on postexercise LV regional function and its implications on the detection of ...
Kumita Shin-ichiro - - 2002
The present study evaluates left ventricular performance during exercise by ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT with short-time data collection. METHODS: The study population consisted of 10 healthy volunteers (Group N) and 9 patients with ischemic heart disease (Group I). Seven patients in Group I had a history of prior myocardial infarction. ...
Virtanen K S - - 2002
AIM: Reversible or irreversible myocardial damage due to ischemia correlates with altered membrane functions of the cells. To compare myocardial free fatty acid (FFA) metabolism and flow during exercise induced ischemia we studied ten patients with coronary artery disease but without previous myocardial infarction. METHODS: A series of post-exercise single-photon ...
Amendo Manuek T - - 2002
Clinical and scintigraphic findings are described in a patient in whom acute right-sided pulmonary edema developed during a treadmill exercise test. The patient's SPECT Tl-201 stress images are reviewed along with the pertinent clinical history. The development of unilateral pulmonary edema during an exercise treadmill test was demonstrated with Tl-201 ...
Oshita Akira - - 2002
Relationship between contrast intensity and ultrasound (US) pulsing interval has been utilized to quantify myocardial blood flow (MBF) during myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). We tested if an MCE method employing a simple pulsing sequence during intravenous contrast infusion has the ability to quantify MBF in rats. We performed MCE in ...
Emmett Louise - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the level of angiographic stenosis at which reversible regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA) are present on exercise stress technetium-99m (Tc-99m)- gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), and whether assessments of stress and rest RWMA add incremental diagnostic information. BACKGROUND: Stress ...
Kim Yun J - - 2002
It is often difficult to differentiate clinically between Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple system atrophy (MSA), and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The objective of this work was to investigate whether combined pre- and postsynaptic dopaminergic single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scanning can reliably demonstrate changes in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system ...
Samady Habib - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Adenosine is commonly used for pharmacologic stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). However, it frequently results in adverse effects, and the subdiaphragmatic tracer uptake may interfere with the image interpretation. Our aim was to determine the feasibility of combining low-level treadmill exercise with adenosine MPI and its impact on adverse ...
Blagosklonov Oleg - - 2002
When performing (201)Tl myocardial SPECT using a dual-head gamma camera on patients after exercise stress, we have observed in some a sudden increase in the counting rate between the 16th and 17th images. This increase provoked motionlike artifacts, which increased the number of false-positive findings. The aim of our study ...
Arruda-Olson Adelaide M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the effect of gender on the prognostic value of exercise echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Limited information exists regarding gender differences in prognostic value of exercise echocardiography. METHODS: We obtained follow-up (3.2 +/- 1.7 years) in 5,798 consecutive patients who underwent exercise echocardiography for evaluation of ...
Hachamovitch Rory - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The incremental value and cost-effectiveness of stress single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is of unclear added value over clinical and exercise treadmill testing data in patients with normal resting ECGs, a patient subset known to be at relatively lower risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 3058 consecutive patients ...
Krynyckyi Borys R - - 2002
PURPOSE: Preliminary results by other investigators suggest that increasing the specific activity of Tc-99m nanocolloid preparations increases the measured counts in sentinel nodes compared with lower specific-activity (SA) preparations using the same initial injected dose. The authors set out to determine whether a similar result could be perceived with Tc-99m ...
Akdemir Ilyas - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that the loss of cell membrane integrity during severe reversible ischaemia results in elevation of plasma troponin T (TnT) in unstable angina. We investigated whether TnT is released into circulation during severe ischaemia (e.g. on treadmill exercise testing) in patients with chronic coronary artery disease ...
Tsou Shi Sheng - - 2002
To determine the influence of smoking on lung uptake of technetium-99m tetrofosmin (Tc-TF) during myocardial perfusion imaging, we examined 50 healthy subjects with normal myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography findings, normal coronary angiograms, and no evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy. The 50 healthy subjects were divided into two ...
Hider Sam - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether participation in a regular exercise programme by patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) had a positive impact on their body image. METHODS: Semi-structured interview and several questionnaired assessed exercise compliance, mood and other facets of disease impact. Body image was assessed using the Arthritis Body Experience Scale, ...
Kinoshita Noriyuki - - 2002
In myocardial perfusion imaging, multiple-vessel involvement of coronary artery disease (CAD) sometimes makes diagnosis difficult. Transient left ventricular (LV) dilatation on Tl-201 myocardial SPECT is a useful finding that enables the clinician to identify patients with multiple-vessel disease. The aim of this study was to confirm the utility of measuring ...
Carolan-Rees G - - 2002
Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) provides a non-invasive method of assessing cutaneous perfusion. As the microvasculature under the probe is not defined the measured flux cannot be given absolute units, but the technique has nevertheless proved valuable for assessing relative changes in perfusion in response to physiological stress. LDF signals normally ...
Fukuoka S - - 2002
The clinical feasibility of both dual-isotope single photon emission tomography (SPET) and gated SPET have been described. The present study evaluates the feasibility of combining gated SPET with exercise 201Tl/rest 99mTc-tetrofosmin dual-isotope SPET corrected for scatter. Ninety-one patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease underwent cardiac catheterization and coronary ...
Fedi M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: [(11)C] alpha-methyl-L-tryptophan (alpha-MTrp) has been developed as a tracer for the study of the synthesis of serotonin in the brain with PET. However, it has been shown that in pathologic conditions the tracer may reflect the activation of kynurenine metabolism. Increased levels of serotonin and quinolinic acid have been ...
U. Leder,H. Nowak,J. Haueisen
This paper addresses the question of whether and how MCG tests that assess ischemia or viability of the myocardium can add to the diagnostic information gained from standard procedures in asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. We review the diagnostic performance of the exercise electrocardiogram (ECG), the exercise and pharmacological (stress) echocardiogram, ...
Pasierski T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of two stress echocardiography methods, exercise and dobutamine, in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in hypertensive patients with angina. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 197 treated hypertensive patients, age 53 +/- 9 years (65 women) ...
Fleg J L - - 2001
The ever-increasing number of older patients requiring diagnostic and prognostic assessment for coronary artery disease has necessitated accurate, noninvasive techniques applicable to this age group. Exercise testing, either alone or with radionuclide or echocardiographic imaging, remains a useful tool in elderly patients capable of performing vigorous treadmill or cycle exercise. ...
Vitola J V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion imaging with dipyridamole is an alternative with which to evaluate patients who are unable to exercise. Many patients who undergo dipyridamole testing are limited in their ability, but are not completely unable, to exercise. There are benefits from adding low workload exercise to dipyridamole testing, including a ...
Jackson A - - 2001
The development of anti-angiogenic therapies for tumors has led to a demand for imaging-based surrogate markers of the angiogenic process. The utility of such markers is highly dependent on their test-retest reproducibility. This paper presents a formal assessment of the reproducibility of measurements of relative blood volume (rBV), normalized rBV ...
Sasao H - - 2001
We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of a new method for quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion at exercise using (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin tomographic imaging. (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin imaging of an exercise-rest sequence was performed in 30 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and eight age-matched control subjects. The exercise-induced myocardial count increase was calculated as ...
Lee T M - - 2001
To identify the specific frontal and cingulate regions involved in response inhibition, five Chinese right-handed male volunteers with an attention span reaching or exceeding a 7-digit level participated in this blocked design functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Each block represented one of the two experimental conditions, the Correct Matching or ...
Lee B F - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential use of technetium 99m (99mTc) (V) dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy in the detection and localization of intestinal inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective study, 62 patients who were suspected of having intestinal inflammation and 30 control subjects were enrolled. All patients underwent 99mTc (V) ...
Cattaneo F A - - 2001
The authors report the case of a 37-year-old woman who presented with amenorrhea and an increased level of serum prolactin. Magnetic resonance images of the pituitary revealed a lesion with characteristics consistent with those of a microadenoma. Transsphenoidal exploration was performed, but a prolactinoma was not found. After endocrinological review, ...
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