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Fedi M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: [(11)C] alpha-methyl-L-tryptophan (alpha-MTrp) has been developed as a tracer for the study of the synthesis of serotonin in the brain with PET. However, it has been shown that in pathologic conditions the tracer may reflect the activation of kynurenine metabolism. Increased levels of serotonin and quinolinic acid have been ...
U. Leder,H. Nowak,J. Haueisen
This paper addresses the question of whether and how MCG tests that assess ischemia or viability of the myocardium can add to the diagnostic information gained from standard procedures in asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. We review the diagnostic performance of the exercise electrocardiogram (ECG), the exercise and pharmacological (stress) echocardiogram, ...
Pasierski T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of two stress echocardiography methods, exercise and dobutamine, in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in hypertensive patients with angina. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 197 treated hypertensive patients, age 53 +/- 9 years (65 women) ...
Fleg J L - - 2001
The ever-increasing number of older patients requiring diagnostic and prognostic assessment for coronary artery disease has necessitated accurate, noninvasive techniques applicable to this age group. Exercise testing, either alone or with radionuclide or echocardiographic imaging, remains a useful tool in elderly patients capable of performing vigorous treadmill or cycle exercise. ...
Vitola J V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion imaging with dipyridamole is an alternative with which to evaluate patients who are unable to exercise. Many patients who undergo dipyridamole testing are limited in their ability, but are not completely unable, to exercise. There are benefits from adding low workload exercise to dipyridamole testing, including a ...
Jackson A - - 2001
The development of anti-angiogenic therapies for tumors has led to a demand for imaging-based surrogate markers of the angiogenic process. The utility of such markers is highly dependent on their test-retest reproducibility. This paper presents a formal assessment of the reproducibility of measurements of relative blood volume (rBV), normalized rBV ...
Sasao H - - 2001
We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of a new method for quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion at exercise using (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin tomographic imaging. (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin imaging of an exercise-rest sequence was performed in 30 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and eight age-matched control subjects. The exercise-induced myocardial count increase was calculated as ...
Lee T M - - 2001
To identify the specific frontal and cingulate regions involved in response inhibition, five Chinese right-handed male volunteers with an attention span reaching or exceeding a 7-digit level participated in this blocked design functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Each block represented one of the two experimental conditions, the Correct Matching or ...
Lee B F - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential use of technetium 99m (99mTc) (V) dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy in the detection and localization of intestinal inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective study, 62 patients who were suspected of having intestinal inflammation and 30 control subjects were enrolled. All patients underwent 99mTc (V) ...
Cattaneo F A - - 2001
The authors report the case of a 37-year-old woman who presented with amenorrhea and an increased level of serum prolactin. Magnetic resonance images of the pituitary revealed a lesion with characteristics consistent with those of a microadenoma. Transsphenoidal exploration was performed, but a prolactinoma was not found. After endocrinological review, ...
Kupferwasser L I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The Duke criteria have been shown to be more sensitive than the von Reyn criteria in the diagnosis of culture-positive endocarditis but to date have not been fully validated for culture-negative endocarditis (CNE). The aim of this study was (1) to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Duke criteria ...
Boz A - - 2001
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate quantitatively the volume effect of the stomach on the prevention of intestinal artifacts in the rest phase on same-day exercise--rest Tc-99m tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed in 81 consecutive patients (43 men, 38 women; mean ...
Lafitte S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Controversy continues as to whether adenosine or dobutamine is the superior pharmacological stress agent for myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared real-time MCE refilling curves and wall thickening during adenosine and dobutamine stress in 14 open-chest dogs with left anterior descending and left circumflex coronary artery ...
Trease L - - 2001
This study compared the quantitative and qualitative results of leg thallium-201 single-photon emission tomography (SPET) imaging in patients with and without raised intracompartmental pressure associated with exercise-related leg pain. The purpose of this study was to clarify the aetiology of chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS), and to investigate the diagnostic ...
Tateno S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Heparin promotes angiogenesis. We evaluated the effects of combined treatment with heparin and exercise on myocardial ischemia in the chronic stage of Kawasaki disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was conducted in 7 patients (aged 6 to 19 years) who had a totally occluded coronary artery and stress-induced myocardial ...
Elhendy A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the incremental value of exercise echocardiography for the risk stratification of diabetic patients. BACKGROUND: There are currently insufficient outcome data in diabetic patients to define the role of stress echocardiography as a prognostic tool. METHODS: We studied the prognostic value of ...
Estorch M - - 2001
Perfusion imaging combined with pharmacological stress is the study of choice in patients with ischaemic heart disease who are incapable of exercising. Some medical conditions, however, can preclude the use of pharmacological stress. In these particular situations, availability of a diagnostic test which allows for the assessment of ischaemic territory ...
Arruda A M - - 2001
To assess the prognostic value of exercise echocardiography in patients with prior coronary artery bypass surgery, follow-up was obtained in 718 patients (591 men [82%] and 127 women [18%], aged 67 +/- 9 years) who underwent clinically indicated exercise echocardiography 5.7 +/- 4.7 years after coronary bypass surgery. Resting wall ...
Cortigiani L - - 2001
Echocardiography combined with either exercise or pharmacological stress is a widely used method for the noninvasive assessment of coronary artery disease. This is due to the high diagnostic accuracy that does not differ substantially among the various stress modalities. In addition, stress echocardiography has a useful role in risk stratification ...
Shimoni S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the feasibility and accuracy of real-time imaging of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in detecting myocardial perfusion defects during exercise echocardiography compared with radionuclide tomography. BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging at a low mechanical index and frame rate (10 to 20 Hz) after intravenous injections of perfluorocarbon containing ...
Bogaty P - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the roles of myocardial perfusion and adenosine in warm-up angina. BACKGROUND: In warm-up angina, neither the role of an adenosine-mediated mechanism, as is found in experimental ischemic preconditioning, nor of increased myocardial perfusion is well defined. METHODS: In substudy A, a single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-thallium-201 ...
Hachamovitch R - - 2001
In this era of cost containment, each step of a testing protocol must be evaluated carefully for appropriateness and prognostic value. Exercise stress single-photon emission CT (SPECT) is finding a niche in the examination of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. When preceded by careful patient screening, stress ...
Wiggers H - - 2001
We studied different algorithms to identify patients with heart failure who could potentially benefit from revascularization. Thirty-five coronary artery bypass (graft) patients with an ejection fraction of 35 +/- 7% underwent preoperative 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET), low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (LDDE), and exercise testing. Follow-up by echocardiography and coronary angiography ...
Müller-Suur R - - 2001
Beta-blocker therapy is used to decrease myocardial ischemia during exercise but may cause suboptimal diagnostic performance in exercise stress testing. The aim of the present study was to compare results of quantitative technetium-99-sestamibi single photon emission tomography (SPECT), following exercise stress test or pharmacological stress test with adenosine. We chose ...
Dodi C - - 2001
AIMS: The value of exercise electrocardiography in evaluating women with suspected coronary artery disease is limited. Conversely, stress echocardiography is effective for both diagnostic and prognostic purposes in females. The purpose of the study was to determine the relative prognostic value of exercise electrocardiography and pharmacological stress echocardiography in a ...
Zerahn B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with technetium-99m-labeled sestamibi and exercise electrocardiography (EECG) are widely used for risk stratification of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). However, no large-scale studies have addressed the prognostic power of the combined information from these diagnostic tools. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied ...
Aydin M - - 2000
Increased abdominal background activity is one of the limitations of dobutamine myocardial perfusion scintigraphy which may interfere with interpretation of the images. In this study, we evaluated the value of low-level exercise supplementation to dobutamine infusion in improving image quality. The control group (n = 32, Group A) received dobutamine ...
Galassi A R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The separation of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease into low- and high-risk subgroups by means of noninvasive testing is highly relevant in the selection of patients who require further diagnostic or therapeutic investigation. We evaluated whether exercise electrocardiographic variables during exercise testing might be a means ...
Kymes S M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of coronary heart disease has the potential to contribute substantially to cost-effective delivery of health services. Recent work by Fleischmann et al (JAMA 1998;280:913-20) represents an effort to summarize the accuracy of exercise echocardiography and exercise single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS AND RESULTS: A critique ...
Johnsson E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: How to measure the peritoneal exchange in uremic patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) is still a matter of controversy. Most clinics use the peritoneal equilibration test (PET), but from a theoretical point of view, it would be more appropriate to determine the "area" parameter, A0/Deltax. The latter reflects ...
Schnaack S D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A major limitation of stress echocardiography remains poor image quality. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of transpulmonary contrast echocardiography (TCE) with BY 963 on endocardial border delineation, detectability of wall motion abnormalities and interobserver variability at rest and during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in subjects with technically limited baseline ...
Tellier P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Exercise whole body thallium imaging and rest/exercise ankle-brachial index can provide evidence of peripheral artery disease at the stage of intermittent claudication. The aim of this study was to compare both methods in the detection of asymptomatic peripheral artery disease. METHODS: Experimental design: prospective non-randomised study. Setting and patients: ...
Thomas G S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Combining low-level treadmill exercise with adenosine infusion may result in fewer bradyarrhythmic complications by increasing sympathetic tone and may improve myocardial perfusion image quality by decreasing background activity. METHODS: Patients referred for outpatient pharmacologic stress myocardial perfusion imaging performed simultaneous treadmill exercise (mean 2.2 metabolic equivalents) throughout 6-minute adenosine ...
Bortone A S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Despite the clinical efficacy of percutaneous transmyocardial revascularization (PTMR), up to date there are still no instrumental validations to demonstrate both the improved perfusion of treated areas and cardiac function. METHODS: During the first year of follow-up after PTMR, 27 patients (group A) underwent 99mTc MIBI exercise-single photon emission ...
Usher B W BW - - 2000
Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is a reliable cardiac risk stratifier that has widespread applicability because of its clinical accuracy and cost effectiveness. Dobutamine has positive inotropic and chronotropic effects and is commonly used in patients who cannot exercise or achieve an adequate heart rate response with exercise. Recently available long-term ...
Appelman Y E - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the long-term functional outcome assessed by exercise myocardial perfusion imaging following excimer laser angioplasty compared to balloon angioplasty in coronary lesions > 10 mm in length. BACKGROUND: Previous randomized studies evaluating the effect of coronary interventions mainly focused on the long-term clinical and angiographic outcome. The functional ...
Lewin H C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The impact of long-acting nitrates on the extent and severity of stress-induced myocardial ischemia is not well described, especially after long-term treatment. METHODS: Forty patients with chronic stable angina and reversible ischemia on an exercise stress myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (ex-SPECT) were prospectively studied in a ...
Coma-Canella I - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Coronary vasospasms generally occur at rest, but can also be triggered by physical exercise. Anginal pain and ST-segment elevation may be seen during exercise-stress tests. ST-segment depression, due to nonocclusive vasospasms, has also been found to occur. When the result of a test is positive, scintigraphy usually reveals perfusion ...
Beygui F - - 2000
Noninvasive detection of restenosis in patients remaining asymptomatic after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) remains a major clinical problem. The value of exercise electrocardiography (ECG) and exercise-redistribution thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in detecting restenosis in such patients remains uncertain. Discordances between these tests and coronary angiography is a ...
David N - - 2000
In patients unable to perform a maximal exercise test, dipyridamole single-photon emission tomography (SPET) has a higher capacity than exercise SPET to detect coronary artery disease (CAD). However, in patients with myocardial ischaemia who are able to perform a maximal exercise test, it is not known whether these two tests ...
Kurata C - - 2000
Pharmacologic stress testing is recommended to elderly patients as a valuable alternative to exercise testing. We examined whether exercise testing is as useful for evaluating myocardial ischemia in the elderly as in the young. The consecutive 1,508 patients who underwent exercise 201Tl single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were divided into ...
Hickey M - - 2000
The use of progestogens without oestrogen is commonly associated with irregular menstrual bleeding. Oestrogens and progestogens are both thought to influence endometrial perfusion; changes in endometrial perfusion may contribute to vascular fragility and breakdown. In this study, endometrial perfusion was measured using laser-Doppler fluxmetry in women in the secretory phase ...
Cwajg J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Accelerated intermittent harmonic imaging (AII) is used to detect myocardial perfusion abnormalities after intravenous injection of ultrasound contrast medium. A low mechanical index and frame rates of 10 to 20 Hz are used to allow simultaneous wall motion analysis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the ...
Pasquet A - - 2000
Myocardial Doppler velocity (MDV) imaging may provide an objective correlate of ischemia, thereby reducing the expertise needed for interpreting stress echocardiography and improving its reproducibility. This study sought to independently validate the results of exercise MDV imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) perfusion imaging in 116 patients (age 60+/-12 ...
Candell-Riera J - - 2000
To demonstrate that the administration of dipyridamole at the end of an insufficient maximal subjective exercise test can improve the diagnostic accuracy of single-photon emission computed tomography in patients with previous myocardial infarction, 209 consecutive patients were studied with technetium-99m methoxyisobutyl isonitrile single-photon emission computed tomography and coronary angiography. Patients ...
Kwok J M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine which clinical, exercise and thallium variables can aid in the identification of three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease (3VLMD) in patients with one abnormal coronary territory (either a reversible or fixed defect) on exercise thallium testing and to test the ...
Vasey C G - - 2000
Treadmill stress echocardiography was performed in 1,136 women with known or suspected coronary artery disease whose clinical course was then evaluated a mean of 33 months later (range 12 to 60). The strongest predictor of an adverse outcome was the presence of a resting or an exercise-induced wall motion abnormality.
Tommasi S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess whether endogenous accumulation of adenosine, induced by low-dose dipyridamole infusion, protects from exercise-induced ischemia. BACKGROUND: Adenosine is a recognized mediator of ischemic preconditioning in experimental settings. METHODS: Ten patients (all men: mean age 63.4 +/- 7.3 years) with chronic stable angina, ...
Inoguchi T - - 2000
The present study was designed to reveal the incidence of silent myocardial ischemia in asymptomatic elderly non-insulin-dependent diabetic (NIDDM) patients (aged over 60 years). As a first step screening, maximal treadmill exercise test was performed. Of 140 patients studied, 54 (38.6%) were unable or not expected to achieve diagnostic levels ...
Yao L - - 2000
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of exertional compartment syndrome is challenging. In this feasibility study, diffusion-weighted echo-planar magnetic resonance imaging was performed in human subjects to determine whether alterations in the circulating blood volume of muscle secondary to exercise or changes in compartment pressure could be visualized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
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