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Lu Chunzeng - - 2010
To assess the performance of currently used stress tests for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a series of female hypertensive patients. We performed exercise electrocardiography (ECG), technetium-99m sestamibi (MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography, dobutamine and dipyridamole echocardiography, and coronary angiography in 76 hypertensive women. Of the ...
Chandraratna P A N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic imaging using a handheld transducer in conjunction with treadmill exercise testing is commonly used for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Motion of the hand and the transducer during peak exercise preclude optimal imaging. To circumvent the limitations of handheld transducers, we developed a low profile transducer (CONTISON) ...
Alexander Gregory L - - 2010
Human motion analysis provides motion pattern and body pose estimations. This study integrates computer-vision techniques and explores a markerless human motion analysis system. Using human-computer interaction (HCI) methods and goals, researchers use a computer interface to provide feedback about range of motion to users. A total of 35 adults aged ...
Shizukuda Yukitaka - - 2010
Exercise echocardiography has been established as a reliable diagnostic tool for assessment of myocardial ischemia. However, more recent advances in its technique have expanded its routine clinical use to include quantification of exercise-induced diastolic dysfunction, exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension, and dynamic assessment of mitral and aortic valve function. The indications for ...
Raman Subha V SV Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA. - - 2010
To date, stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has relied on pharmacologic agents, and therefore lacked the physiologic information available only with exercise stress. 43 patients age 25 to 81 years underwent a treadmill stress test incorporating both Tc99m SPECT and CMR. After rest Tc99m SPECT imaging, patients underwent resting cine ...
Karlsberg Ronald P - - 2010
To compare utilization of non-invasive ischemic testing, invasive coronary angiography (ICA), and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures before and after introduction of 64-slice multi-detector row coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in a large urban primary and consultative cardiology practice. We utilized a review of electronic medical records (NotesMD) and the ...
Andreisek Gustav - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess temporal changes with exercise in T2* and arterial spin labeling signals in patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the anterior compartment of the lower leg and in control subjects using T2* mapping and arterial spin labeling MRI. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: ...
Campbell Anna - - 2009
Our meta-analysis examined the impact of exercise interventions on body image; and participant, intervention, and design features associated with larger effects. We identified 57 interventions (with pre-and post-data for the exercise and control groups) examining the effects of exercise on body image. A small random effect indicated that exercise intervention ...
Dodla S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Real-time perfusion (RTP) echocardiographic imaging with a continuous infusion of microbubbles has improved the sensitivity of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD). The impact of RTP on treadmill exercise stress echocardiography (TESE) is unclear. Design Retrospective database review. SETTING/PATIENTS/INTERVENTIONS: RTP was utilised in 254 DSE ...
Bourque Jamieson M JM Cardiovascular Division and the Cardiovascular Imaging Center, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. - - 2009
We sought to identify prospectively the prevalence of significant ischemia (> or =10% of the left ventricle [LV]) on exercise single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging relative to workload achieved in consecutive patients referred for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). High exercise capacity is a strong predictor of a good prognosis, ...
Chow Benjamin J W - - 2009
Although positron emission tomography (PET) is routinely performed using vasodilator stress, exercise and dobutamine stress are available alternatives. Evidence suggests that vasodilator PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has prognostic value, but the prognostic value of treadmill exercise and dobutamine PET MPI is unknown. To determine the potential prognostic value of ...
Takase Bonpei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The electrocardiographic index of QT dispersion (QTd) is related to the occurrence of arrhythmia. In patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease, QTd may be affected by exercise. We investigated whether QTd that is automatically calculated by a newly developed computer system could be used as a marker ...
Bouzas-Mosquera Alberto - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the value of exercise echocardiography (EE) for predicting outcome in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease and normal exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) testing. BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of EE in patients with normal exercise ECG testing has not been characterized. METHODS: We studied 4,004 ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2011
Isometric handgrip exercise (HG) was proposed as one of alternative substitute test for the more conventional exercise stress testing but the value of this test alone is limited by a relatively low sensitivity for detecting the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD).On the contrary, the combination of dipyridamole-HG stress with ...
Choi Ran - - 2009
A 7-month-old, female jindo dog was presented with severe ascites, cyanosis, and exercise intolerance. Diagnostic imaging studies revealed Ebstein's anomaly with an atrial septal defect. The dog was managed medically with inotropics, diuretics, and vasodilators.
Thomas Gregory S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although vasodilator stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is increasingly performed with exercise, adenosine A(2A) receptor agonists have not been studied with exercise. OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety of administering regadenoson during exercise and, secondarily, to evaluate image quality, patient acceptance, and detection of perfusion defects. METHODS: Patients requiring pharmacologic ...
Dou Ke-Fei - - 2008
We have recently demonstrated the potential of (18)F-FDG as an imaging marker of myocardial ischemia if injected at peak exercise. However, how long increased (18)F-FDG uptake can be observed after an episode of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia is not known. We performed the current study to determine whether increased regional myocardial ...
Heinzel Alexander - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to probe for regional cerebral effects of S-ketamine on in vivo GABA-A-receptor binding in healthy human subjects. METHODS: We investigated I-123-iomazenil SPECT before, during and after administration of S-ketamine in a blinded placebo-controlled study design (n = 12 in both groups). Analyses of SPECT were performed with ...
Rabinovici Gil D GD Memory and Aging Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2008
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is found at autopsy in up to one third of patients with primary progressive aphasia (PPA), but clinical features that predict AD pathology in PPA are not well defined. We studied the relationships between language presentation, Abeta amyloidosis, and glucose metabolism in three PPA variants using [11C]-Pittsburgh ...
Edison P P Imperial College London, MRC Cyclotron Building, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W120NN, UK. - - 2008
Neuropathological studies have reported varying amounts of amyloid pathology in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD). [11C]PIB positron emission tomography (PET) is a marker of brain amyloid deposition. The aim of this study was to quantify in vivo amyloid load in DLB and PDD compared with ...
Cittanti Corrado - - 2008
Our purpose was to evaluate the safety profile and biodistribution behavior in healthy human volunteers of the new myocardial perfusion tracer bis[(dimethoxypropylphosphanyl)ethyl]ethoxyethylamine N,N'-bis(ethoxyethyl)dithiocarbamato nitrido technetium(V) (99mTc-N-DBODC). METHODS: Ten healthy male volunteers were injected with 99mTc-N-DBODC under both stress and rest conditions. Anterior and posterior planar gamma-camera images were collected at ...
Bhat Amogh - - 2008
Although exercise electrocardiography (ExECG) is commonly used to detect coronary artery disease, the diagnostic accuracy and reliability of positive (ischemic) results of ExECG in low- and intermediate-risk populations are limited. Accordingly, many patients with positive results of ExECG undergo secondary evaluation using noninvasive stress imaging such as exercise echocardiography. Functional ...
Bishop Gary A - - 2008
A multiyear, on-road emission measurement program carried out in the cities of Chicago, Illinois; Denver, Colorado; Los Angeles (LA), California; and Phoenix, Arizona shows large, fuel-specific tailpipe emissions reductions at all of the sites for carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitric oxide (NO). CO emissions decreased between 56% (Denver) ...
Sarullo Filippo Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise causes enhanced sympathetic discharge and results in physiologic tachycardia. However, in some patients with a diseased conduction system resulting from acute ischemia, exercise can precipitate heart block. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this report we describe a 51 years old male patient with transient advanced degree atrioventricular (AV) block ...
Haluska Brian A - - 2008
To date, the main cardiovascular application of TDI (tissue Doppler imaging) has been in myocardial evaluation. In the present study, we investigated the feasibility and reproducibility of assessing arterial elasticity using the DC (distensibility coefficient) measured by TDI, the correlation of this with the DC obtained by other methods and ...
Thambyrajah J - - 2008
AIMS: To determine the feasibility of strain rate imaging (SRI) in the objective detection of exercise-induced ischaemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixteen patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) underwent treadmill exercise stress echocardiography (ESE) pre- and post-PCI. Measurement of systolic SRI parameters was attempted in all myocardial segments at baseline, ...
Brinkman Niels - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess whether adenosine impairs left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) obtained with gated SPECT in patients with a normal myocardial perfusion scintigram. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 160 consecutive patients with a normal myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS), who were stressed with ...
Ahlberg Alan W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Combining vasodilator and exercise stress reduces noncardiac side effects, improves image quality, and enhances the detection of ischemia, compared with suboptimal exercise or vasodilator stress alone. However, prognostic data with combined protocols are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients (n = 2064) who underwent symptom-limited exercise and dipyridamole stress ...
Tsujikawa Tetsuya - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There is much controversy about the correlation between the degree of 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose (FDG) uptake and clinical aggressiveness of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). In this study, we investigated whether partial volume corrected FDG uptake based on count recovery coefficient in 3D-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) correlates with the clinical ...
Bedetti Gigliola - - 2008
Diagnosis costs for cardiovascular disease waste a large amount of healthcare resources. The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical and economic outcomes of alternative diagnostic strategies in low risk chest pain patients. We evaluated direct and indirect downstream costs of 6 strategies: coronary angiography (CA) after positive ...
Jekic Mihaela - - 2008
Treadmill exercise stress testing is an essential tool in the prevention, detection, and treatment of a broad spectrum of cardiovascular disease. After maximal exercise, cardiac images at peak stress are typically acquired using nuclear scintigraphy or echocardiography, both of which have inherent limitations. Although CMR offers superior image quality, the ...
Iliodromitis Efstathios K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In experimental studies, two windows of preconditioning have been identified, one lasting 1-2h and a second one (SWOP) starting 24h later and lasting 3-4 days. We sought to document SWOP in humans, using scintigraphy as an objective method of imaging. METHODS: Nineteen male patients, aged 62+/-7 years with documented ...
Prasad Asuri N - - 2007
Dysgenesis of the corpus callosum has been recognized as a marker for aberrant development of the central nervous system. It has been suggested that developmental defects of the corpus callosum may be more frequently encountered in patients with inborn errors of metabolism. The objectives of the present study were to ...
Verna Edoardo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported larger myocardial perfusion defects with exercise as compared with dipyridamole. The aim of this study was to assess the hypothesis that this mismatch may reflect differences in epicardial and microvascular coronary vasomotor function. METHODS AND RESULTS: The response to intracoronary acetylcholine, nitroglycerin, and adenosine was ...
Yoon Jung Han - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia is a rare hyperkinetic disease characterized by episodic dystonic attacks after prolonged exercise. However, its pathophysiological and anatomical basis are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To explore the exact anatomical location responsible for paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia by conducting ictal-interictal single-photon emission computed tomography subtraction, which was coregistered to ...
Prajapat Laxman - - 2008
P-wave widening on the 12-lead electrocardiogram denotes abnormal atrial depolarization and has been shown to be associated with myocardial ischemia during treadmill exercise tolerance testing. However, its true significance during dipyridamole (Persantine) stress imaging remains questionable given the potential direct as well as indirect effects of dipyridamole on the atria. ...
Chen Yen-Kung - - 2007
A 31-year-old man underwent a whole-body F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) scan for cancer screening. There was no history of diabetes, thyroid disease, or noticeable exercise before imaging. The results demonstrated diffusely increased uptake of F-18 FDG in the thyroid and thymus. In addition, there was symmetrically increased ...
David Renaud - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to stress the relationship between neuropsychiatric symptoms and most particularly apathy and striatal dopamine uptake in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or dementia with Lewy body (DLB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients (AD n=14; DLB n=8) were included. All patients had neuropsychological ...
Litwiller Daniel V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate an MRI screening protocol for chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) of the lower legs using an in-scanner exercise protocol and novel dual birdcage coil design for improved imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coil and phantom studies: a custom-made dual birdcage ...
Poerner Tudor C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate regional myocardial function after atrial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) using tissue Doppler echocardiography with strain rate (SR) imaging. METHODS: In all, 24 patients with TGA aged 12 to 33 years and 10 control subjects underwent tissue ...
Candell-Riera Jaume - - 2007
There are no studies in which diagnostic yield of early rest myocardial perfusion gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), electrocardiographic exercise testing, and stress SPECT were compared in patients with atypical chest pain, nondiagnostic electrocardiograms (ECGs), and negative markers of myocardial damage in the emergency department. A prospective study of ...
Hambÿe Anne-Sophie E - - 2007
AIM: Digestive activity can interfere with the interpretation of myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography using sestamibi or tetrofosmin. Compared with sestamibi, the liver clearance of tetrofosmin is more rapid, but its absolute cardiac uptake is lower. In this study, the activity of sestamibi and tetrofosmin was quantified after ...
Morandi Federica - - 2007
Transsplenic portal scintigraphy using sodium pertechnetate is superior to per-rectal portal scintigraphy due to improved visualization of the portal vasculature with decreased patient and personnel exposure. The purpose of this study was to describe the use of 99mTc-mebrofenin, the radiopharmaceutical of choice for the evaluation of hepatic function, in place ...
Nadig Murali R - - 2007
AIM: We compared the efficacy, side effects of combined handgrip exercise and dobutamine stress with dobutamine stress alone during myocardial perfusion imaging in patients unable to exercise, and in whom vasodilator stress was contraindicated. METHODS: We studied 126 consecutive patients (89 male, 37 female; mean age 63+/-8 years) referred for ...
Davies G R - - 2007
To investigate the presence and evolution of T(1) relaxation time abnormalities in normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) and grey matter (GM), early in the course of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). Twenty-three patients with early relapsing-remitting MS and 14 healthy controls were imaged six monthly for up to three years. Mean follow-up ...
Neglia Danilo - - 2007
To assess whether chronic treatment with carvedilol can increase myocardial blood flow (MBF) and MBF reserve in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 16 consecutive patients with IDC were randomised to treatment with either carvedilol up to 25 mg twice a day (n = 8, 7 men, ...
Metz Louise D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to determine the prognostic value of normal exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) tests and exercise echocardiography tests, and to determine the prognostic value of these imaging modalities in women and men. BACKGROUND: Exercise MPI and exercise echocardiography provide prognostic information that is useful ...
Leischik Roman - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Appraisal of the risk to which outpatients with chest pain are exposed is a major clinical problem. Up to now, there have been no reports on the prognostic significance of exercise stress echocardiography in this patient cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In order to investigate the prognostic significance of exercise ...
Nakajima Kenichi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiac involvement is an important factor for the appropriate management of systemic sclerosis (SSc). The possibility for detecting early myocardial damage was investigated using (99m)Tc methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) gated perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and (123)I metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) sympathetic imaging. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-three patients with SSc and ...
Ramakrishna Gautam - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the results and prognostic value of electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) and exercise echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Although patients with elevated coronary artery calcium scores (CACS) might be referred for exercise echocardiography, the association of EBCT CACS with wall motion score index (WMSI) is ...
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