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Diverio S S 1Laboratory of Ethology and Animal Welfare (LEBA),Department of Veterinary Medicine,via San Costanzo 4,0126 - - 2014
Exercise has been shown to increase mRNA expression of a growing number of genes. The aim of this study was to assess if mRNA expression of the metabolism- and oxidative stress-related genes GLUT4 (glucose transporter 4), COX2 (cyclooxygenase 2), SOD1 (superoxide dismutase 1) and HSP70 (heat shock protein 70) in ...
Ait-Ali Lamia L Institute of Clinical Physiology, CNR, Massa-Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot often present residual hemodynamic abnormalities leading to right ventricular (RV) burden. Semisupine exercise echocardiography (Ex-Echo) is a validated method for diagnosis and prognosis in ischemic and valvular heart diseases and has potential for the evaluation of RV burden, pressure, and function. The aims of ...
Nichols Andrew W AW Family Medicine and Community Health, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, University Health Services Mānoa, 1710 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA, - - 2014
Exertional heat-related illness (EHRI) is comprised of several states that afflict physically active persons when exercising during conditions of high environmental heat stress. Certain forms of EHRI may become life threatening if not treated. Exertional heat stroke (EHS), characterized by a core body temperature of >40 ° C and mental status ...
Kuru Pinar P Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, - - 2014
Physical activity has been found to be related with many health benefits. Our aim was to investigate the effect of chronic moderate exercise from acute stress on nicotine and cigarette smoke exposed rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats (200-250 g, n=48) were divided into 6 groups as non-exercised, exercised, smoke exposed, ...
Ross Amanda J AJ Penn State College of - - 2014
Patients with coronary artery disease have attenuated coronary vasodilator responses to physiological stress, which is partially attributed to a β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) mediated mechanism. Whether βARs contribute to impaired coronary vasodilation seen with healthy aging is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of βARs in ...
Mut Fernando F Department of Nuclear Medicine, Spanish Association Hospital, Montevideo, - - 2014
Transient post-ischemic LV dysfunction due to myocardial stunning in patients with coronary artery disease can be missed by conventional gated SPECT (GSPECT) acquisitions. The aim of this IAEA-sponsored multi-center study was to determine whether early post-exercise imaging is more likely to detect stunning than conventional without adversely affecting image quality ...
Watson Kurt K Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California Davis, United - - 2014
Exercise is the greatest physiological stress that our bodies experience. For example, during maximal endurance exercise in elite athlete's cardiac output can increase up to 8-fold and the working muscles receive 21-times more blood each minute than at rest. Given the physiological stress associated with exercise and the adaptations that ...
Lord Rachel R Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Tom Reilly Building, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK, - - 2014
There is contradictory evidence related to the impact of ultra-marathon running on right ventricular (RV) structure and function. Consequently, the aims of this study were to: (1) comprehensively assess RV structure and function before and immediately following a 100-mile ultra-marathon in highly trained runners, (2) determine the nature of RV ...
Mas-Stachurska Aleksandra A Servicio de Cardiología, Instituto Clínico del Tórax, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Up to 4% of patients with acute chest pain, normal electrocardiogram, and negative troponins present major adverse cardiac events as a result of undiagnosed acute coronary syndrome. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic performance of multidetector computed tomography and exercise echocardiography in patients with a low-to-intermediate probability of coronary ...
Mas-Stachurska Aleksandra A Servicio de Cardiología, Instituto Clínico del Tórax, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Up to 4% of patients with acute chest pain, normal electrocardiogram, and negative troponins present major adverse cardiac events as a result of undiagnosed acute coronary syndrome. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic performance of multidetector computed tomography and exercise echocardiography in patients with a low-to-intermediate probability of coronary ...
Krzeszowiak Jakub J Department of Hygiene, Medical University, Wroclaw, - - 2014
Background. The stimuli acting on a person in a high mountain environment (such as hypobaric hypoxia with subsequent reoxygenation, physical exercise) can significantly increase oxidative stress, stimulate erythropoiesis, lead to changes in the blood count and participate in the development of altitude sickness. Objective. The aim was to investigate changes ...
Ghaderi Fariba F Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
[Purpose] This review article is designed to expose physiotherapists to a physiotherapy assessment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and the treatment and possibly preventive roles that they might play for women with SUI. Specifically, the goal of this article is to provide an understanding of pelvic floor muscle function and ...
Miliaresis Christa C Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, New York Medical College/Maria Fareri Childrens Hospital, Valhalla, - - 2014
Cardiopulmonary exercise stress testing (CPET) is a vital tool used to assess patients with a history of congenital heart disease. There are several tests in the cardiologist's armamentarium that allow for assessment of cardiac anatomy and function. The majority of these tests are only performed with the body at rest ...
Dorfs Stephan S Klinik für Kardiologie und Angiologie II, Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg • Bad Krozingen, Südring 15, Bad Krozingen 79189, Germany - - 2014
In patients with suspected heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), invasive exercise testing may be considered when measurements at rest are inconclusive. However, the prognostic impact of invasive exercise testing is uncertain, so far. We retrospectively analysed mortality in 355 patients [mean age 61.2 ± 11.3 years, 235 (66.2%) ...
Barlow Paul A PA Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Medical Science 1 Building, Liverpool Street, Hobart 7000, Tasmania, Australia; School of Human Life Sciences, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, - - 2014
The independent prognostic significance of abnormally low systolic blood pressure (SBP) during exercise stress testing (LowExBP) across different clinical and exercise conditions is unknown. We sought by systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the association between cardiovascular/all-cause outcomes and LowExBP across different patient clinical presentations, exercise modes, exercise intensities and ...
Tajiri Kimiko K Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Bukkyo University, - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to devise a new urinary incontinence exercise using co-contraction of both the transverse abdominal muscle (TA) and pelvic floor muscle (PFM) and examine the intervention effect in middle-aged women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). [Subjects] The subjects were fifteen women with SUI who ...
Tseng Alyson Pin-Tsz AP Stem Cell Center, Department of Medical Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung 40705, Taiwan, - - 2014
Serum magnesium (Mg) levels are closely controlled through a variety of Mg transporters and ionic channels during physiological conditions. These levels have been shown to increase during exercise. However, the effect of Mg transporter expression during exercise remains to be determined. The purpose of this study was to examine the ...
Zhao Dongdong - - 2014
The hypothesis of action potential duration restitution (APDR) suggests that wave break is mainly determined by the steepness of APDR curve. The purpose of this study was to investigate the QT restitution properties by a noninvasive method, exercise ECG test, in patients with and without left anterior descending coronary artery ...
Freitas-Swerts Fabiana Cristina Taubert de FC - - 2014
to assess the effect of a compensatory workplace exercise program on workers with the purpose of reducing work-related stress and musculoskeletal pain. quasi-experimental research with quantitative analysis of the data, involving 30 administrative workers from a Higher Education Public Institution. For data collection, questionnaires were used to characterize the workers, ...
Wang M-L ML Department of Nursing, Hung Kuang University, Taichung, - - 2014
The beneficial effect of magnesium supplementation on exercise performance has been reported by many researchers. In the present study, the effect of nigari, a concentrate of deep seawater containing high magnesium levels, on exercise performance, was examined. Gerbils were given double-distilled water or nigari (18 mg · kg(-1), po) orally ...
Dolinsky Vernon W VW Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics and the Diabetes Research Envisioned and Accomplished in Manitoba (DREAM) Research Theme of the Manitoba Institute of Child Health, University of Manitoba, 601 John Buhler Research Centre, 715 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3E 3P4, Canada. - - 2014
Regular exercise contributes to healthy aging and the prevention of chronic disease. Recent research has focused on the development of molecules, such as resveratrol, that activate similar metabolic and stress response pathways as exercise training. In this review, we describe the effects of exercise training and resveratrol on some of ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2014
Moderate physical exercise leads the organism to adapt to this stressful situation. However, when exercise is exhaustive, it is also known to induce an overproduction of reactive species which can result in oxidative damage to macromolecules and tissues. Many studies have been carried out to evaluate the validity of dietary ...
Cotter James David JD Exercise and Environmental Physiology, School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences, Division of Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New - - 2014
Hydration pertains simplistically to body water volume. Functionally, however, hydration is one aspect of fluid regulation that is far more complex, as it involves the homeostatic regulation of total body fluid volume, composition and distribution. Deliberate or pathological alteration of these regulated factors can be disabling or fatal, whereas they ...
Kim Boa B Department of Kinesiology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America; Cardiovascular Research Center, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
Enhancing structural and functional integrity of mitochondria is an emerging therapeutic option against endothelial dysfunction. In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of fluid shear stress on mitochondrial biogenesis and mitochondrial respiratory function in endothelial cells (ECs) using in vitro and in vivo complementary studies. Human aortic- or ...
Schulze Christoph C 0000-0002-5715-9210 Department of Orthopaedics, University Medicine Rostock, Doberaner Street 142, 18057 Rostock, Germany ; Bundeswehr Centre of Sports Medicine, Dr.-Rau-Allee 32, 48231 Warendorf, - - 2014
Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common problem among athletes and soldiers. There is no proven theory that could explain the pathophysiology of shin splints. The therapies described so far are time-consuming and involve a high risk of relapse. The method according to the fascial distortion model (FDM) addresses ...
Hensel Kai O KO Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Health, School of Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, Elberfelderstraße 1, 58095 Hagen, Germany ; HELIOS Children's Hospital Wuppertal, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, 42283 Wuppertal, - - 2014
Early diagnosis of cardiac alterations in hypertensive heart disease is still challenging. Since such patients might have depressed global LV systolic strain or strain rate when EF is still normal, speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) and tissue-Doppler imaging (TDI) combined with stress echocardiography might improve early diagnosis of cardiac alterations. In this ...
Nieman David C DC Appalachian State University, Human Performance Lab, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC, United States of - - 2014
Pistachio nut ingestion (3 oz./d, two weeks) was tested for effects on exercise performance and 21-h post-exercise recovery from inflammation, oxidative stress, immune dysfunction, and metabolite shifts. Using a randomized, crossover approach, cyclists (N = 19) engaged in two 75-km time trials after 2-weeks pistachio or no pistachio supplementation, with a 2-week ...
Jiang Pei P 0000-0002-8360-7427 Institute of Clinical Pharmacy & Pharmacology, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, - - 2014
Depression is associated with stress-induced neural atrophy in limbic brain regions, whereas exercise has antidepressant effects as well as increasing hippocampal synaptic plasticity by strengthening neurogenesis, metabolism, and vascular function. A key mechanism mediating these broad benefits of exercise on the brain is induction of neurotrophic factors, which instruct downstream ...
Ceci Roberta R Unit of Biology, Genetics and Biochemistry, University of Rome "Foro Italico", Piazza Lauro De Bosis 15, 00135 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
We recently demonstrated that low frequency, moderate intensity, explosive-type resistance training (EMRT) is highly beneficial in elderly subjects towards muscle strength and power, with a systemic adaptive response of anti-oxidant and stress-induced markers. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of EMRT on oxidative stress biomarkers induced ...
Manganelli Fiore - - 2011
To evaluate the effects of the addition of atropine to exercise testing in patients who failed to achieve their target heart rate (HR) during stress myocardial perfusion imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The study was a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled design. Patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease ...
Pelletier Roxanne - - 2011
To evaluate the sensitivity of electrocardiogram (ECG) versus single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) assessments of ischemia in patients with anxiety disorders (AD) and the extent to which patients exhibit poorer exercise performance, compared with patients without AD. Patients referred for nuclear exercise stress testing (N = 2271) underwent a ...
Rozanski Alan - - 2010
A higher frequency of clinical events has been observed in patients undergoing pharmacological vs exercise myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). While this difference is attributed to greater age and co-morbidities, it is not known whether these tests also differ in prognostic ability among patients with similar clinical profiles. ...
Marshall Andrew J - - 2010
Exercise capacity is an important predictor of risk in known or suspected coronary disease. A negative treadmill test to 9 minutes of the Bruce protocol is often used in the screening process for vocational licensing; myocardial perfusion scintigraphy is an alternative for those unable to exercise, with apparent incremental prognostic ...
Manankil Marian F - - 2011
A 57-year-old man presented with atypical upper body pain, initially attributed to musculoskeletal etiology. After analgesic failure, an exercise myocardial perfusion imaging was performed. During stress testing, patient's pain was reproduced, accompanied by prominent T-wave peaking with minor J-point elevation. T-wave amplitude decreased at the end of the recovery phase ...
Naskret Dariusz - - 2010
The aim of the study was to assess myocardial perfusion by means of non-invasive diagnostic methods and measurement of the plasma concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in patients with long-lasting type 1 diabetes. The study was performed on 41 Type 1 diabetic patients (23 females, 18 males), aged ...
Backus Barbra E - - 2010
PURPOSE: Simultaneous dual isotope (SDI) acquisition of (201)Tl rest/(99m)Tc-sestamibi stress-myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography is a desirable new procedure in nuclear cardiology. In this protocol (201)Tl is injected at rest but imaging is performed not earlier than after exercise. Therefore, one must be convinced that throughout exercise (201)Tl ...
Peteiro Jesus - - 2010
Stress echocardiography is a useful tool for the clinical decision making process, given its accuracy and demonstrated prognostic value. Among available stress echocardiography techniques, exercise is safer and more physiologic, therefore must be considered the first choice for patients able to exercise. Peak exercise echocardiography has greater sensitivity than post-exercise ...
Perrone-Filardi Pasquale - - 2010
The increase in average life expectancy will move the burden of coronary artery disease (CAD) to older patients. Myocardial perfusion imaging by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has been extensively validated for diagnosis and prognostic evaluation in large population series. Yet, its use is usually limited in elderly patients ...
Ariji Yoshiko - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the changes, using magnetic resonance (MR) images, in the masseter muscles caused by low-level static contraction. STUDY DESIGN: Ten healthy male volunteers were enrolled in the study. The MR scans were performed before, immediately after, and 10 minutes after low-level static ...
Lu Chunzeng - - 2010
To assess the performance of currently used stress tests for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a series of female hypertensive patients. We performed exercise electrocardiography (ECG), technetium-99m sestamibi (MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography, dobutamine and dipyridamole echocardiography, and coronary angiography in 76 hypertensive women. Of the ...
Chandraratna P A N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic imaging using a handheld transducer in conjunction with treadmill exercise testing is commonly used for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Motion of the hand and the transducer during peak exercise preclude optimal imaging. To circumvent the limitations of handheld transducers, we developed a low profile transducer (CONTISON) ...
Alexander Gregory L - - 2010
Human motion analysis provides motion pattern and body pose estimations. This study integrates computer-vision techniques and explores a markerless human motion analysis system. Using human-computer interaction (HCI) methods and goals, researchers use a computer interface to provide feedback about range of motion to users. A total of 35 adults aged ...
Shizukuda Yukitaka - - 2010
Exercise echocardiography has been established as a reliable diagnostic tool for assessment of myocardial ischemia. However, more recent advances in its technique have expanded its routine clinical use to include quantification of exercise-induced diastolic dysfunction, exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension, and dynamic assessment of mitral and aortic valve function. The indications for ...
Raman Subha V SV Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA. - - 2010
To date, stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has relied on pharmacologic agents, and therefore lacked the physiologic information available only with exercise stress. 43 patients age 25 to 81 years underwent a treadmill stress test incorporating both Tc99m SPECT and CMR. After rest Tc99m SPECT imaging, patients underwent resting cine ...
Karlsberg Ronald P - - 2010
To compare utilization of non-invasive ischemic testing, invasive coronary angiography (ICA), and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures before and after introduction of 64-slice multi-detector row coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) in a large urban primary and consultative cardiology practice. We utilized a review of electronic medical records (NotesMD) and the ...
Andreisek Gustav - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess temporal changes with exercise in T2* and arterial spin labeling signals in patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the anterior compartment of the lower leg and in control subjects using T2* mapping and arterial spin labeling MRI. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: ...
Campbell Anna - - 2009
Our meta-analysis examined the impact of exercise interventions on body image; and participant, intervention, and design features associated with larger effects. We identified 57 interventions (with pre-and post-data for the exercise and control groups) examining the effects of exercise on body image. A small random effect indicated that exercise intervention ...
Dodla S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Real-time perfusion (RTP) echocardiographic imaging with a continuous infusion of microbubbles has improved the sensitivity of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD). The impact of RTP on treadmill exercise stress echocardiography (TESE) is unclear. Design Retrospective database review. SETTING/PATIENTS/INTERVENTIONS: RTP was utilised in 254 DSE ...
Bourque Jamieson M JM Cardiovascular Division and the Cardiovascular Imaging Center, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. - - 2009
We sought to identify prospectively the prevalence of significant ischemia (> or =10% of the left ventricle [LV]) on exercise single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging relative to workload achieved in consecutive patients referred for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). High exercise capacity is a strong predictor of a good prognosis, ...
Chow Benjamin J W - - 2009
Although positron emission tomography (PET) is routinely performed using vasodilator stress, exercise and dobutamine stress are available alternatives. Evidence suggests that vasodilator PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has prognostic value, but the prognostic value of treadmill exercise and dobutamine PET MPI is unknown. To determine the potential prognostic value of ...
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