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Candell-Riera Jaume - - 2007
There are no studies in which diagnostic yield of early rest myocardial perfusion gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), electrocardiographic exercise testing, and stress SPECT were compared in patients with atypical chest pain, nondiagnostic electrocardiograms (ECGs), and negative markers of myocardial damage in the emergency department. A prospective study of ...
Hambÿe Anne-Sophie E - - 2007
AIM: Digestive activity can interfere with the interpretation of myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography using sestamibi or tetrofosmin. Compared with sestamibi, the liver clearance of tetrofosmin is more rapid, but its absolute cardiac uptake is lower. In this study, the activity of sestamibi and tetrofosmin was quantified after ...
Morandi Federica - - 2007
Transsplenic portal scintigraphy using sodium pertechnetate is superior to per-rectal portal scintigraphy due to improved visualization of the portal vasculature with decreased patient and personnel exposure. The purpose of this study was to describe the use of 99mTc-mebrofenin, the radiopharmaceutical of choice for the evaluation of hepatic function, in place ...
Nadig Murali R - - 2007
AIM: We compared the efficacy, side effects of combined handgrip exercise and dobutamine stress with dobutamine stress alone during myocardial perfusion imaging in patients unable to exercise, and in whom vasodilator stress was contraindicated. METHODS: We studied 126 consecutive patients (89 male, 37 female; mean age 63+/-8 years) referred for ...
Davies G R - - 2007
To investigate the presence and evolution of T(1) relaxation time abnormalities in normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) and grey matter (GM), early in the course of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). Twenty-three patients with early relapsing-remitting MS and 14 healthy controls were imaged six monthly for up to three years. Mean follow-up ...
Neglia Danilo - - 2007
To assess whether chronic treatment with carvedilol can increase myocardial blood flow (MBF) and MBF reserve in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 16 consecutive patients with IDC were randomised to treatment with either carvedilol up to 25 mg twice a day (n = 8, 7 men, ...
Metz Louise D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to determine the prognostic value of normal exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) tests and exercise echocardiography tests, and to determine the prognostic value of these imaging modalities in women and men. BACKGROUND: Exercise MPI and exercise echocardiography provide prognostic information that is useful ...
Leischik Roman - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Appraisal of the risk to which outpatients with chest pain are exposed is a major clinical problem. Up to now, there have been no reports on the prognostic significance of exercise stress echocardiography in this patient cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In order to investigate the prognostic significance of exercise ...
Nakajima Kenichi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiac involvement is an important factor for the appropriate management of systemic sclerosis (SSc). The possibility for detecting early myocardial damage was investigated using (99m)Tc methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) gated perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and (123)I metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) sympathetic imaging. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-three patients with SSc and ...
Ramakrishna Gautam - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the results and prognostic value of electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) and exercise echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Although patients with elevated coronary artery calcium scores (CACS) might be referred for exercise echocardiography, the association of EBCT CACS with wall motion score index (WMSI) is ...
Béïque François - - 2006
PURPOSE: To establish Canadian guidelines for training in adult perioperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). METHODS: Guidelines were established by the Canadian Perioperative Echocardiography Group with the support of the cardiovascular section of the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society (CAS) in conjunction with the Canadian Society of Echocardiography. Guidelines for training in echocardiography by ...
Ethell J - - 2006
One hundred and forty one male dental students and staff were screened for colour-defective vision. Ten colour-defective and 20 non colour-defective subjects then carried out a shade matching exercise using nine selected shades and another matched, shade tab (to test for consistency) from Vita shade guides. All shade matching took ...
Lundquist Pinelopi - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to compare two positron emission tomography (PET) tracers that were developed to follow serotonin (5HT) synthesis by performing sequential PET scanning of the same rhesus monkey (n=4) on the same day. alpha-[11C]Methyl-L-tryptophan ([11C]AMT) and 5-Hydroxy-L-[beta-11C]tryptophan ([11C]HTP) are substrates in the first and second enzymatic ...
Oturai P S - - 2006
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) of the leg is a common, painful condition related to exercise and associated with increased muscle compartment pressure (CP). Invasive methods are currently the method of choice for diagnosing the condition. We investigated the use of Tc-99m-tetrofosmin perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) as a ...
Goebel Björn - - 2007
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The study was done to determine the clinical feasibility and reproducibility of tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) with strain rate imaging (SRI) at rest and under physical exercise in healthy young individuals and to report normal values for parameters of regional myocardial function under exercise. METHODS: Forty-five ...
Hummler Helmut D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of deteriorating perfusion caused by sepsis on the accuracy of pulse oximetry measurements using two more recently available techniques (Nellcor N-395 and Masimo Radical) and to evaluate the perfusion index as a marker of impaired peripheral perfusion to indicate that accuracy of pulse oximetry readings ...
Peteiro Jesús - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although exercise echocardiography (EE) is not clearly indicated in patients with normal electrocardiogram (ECG) as the first evaluation, there is a lack of data regarding its superiority over the Duke score for prognosis. We investigate whether EE has incremental value over the Duke score for predicting outcome in patients ...
Gehlen Heidrun - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the combination of dobutamine and atropine causes cardiac stress equivalent to treadmill exercise. Therefore, electrocardiography and echocardiography were performed on 10 warmblood horses before, during, and after different cardiac stress tests. Stressors consisted of a standardized treadmill exercise and combined administration ...
Masaki Nobuyuki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The electrocardiographic indices of QT dispersion (QTd), QT peak dispersion (QTpd), and the principal component analysis ratio (PCAr) are related to the occurrence of fatal arrhythmia and are influenced by physical exercise. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not the QT parameters can be ...
Anjos Dalton A - - 2006
The assessment of the functional status of the salivary glands has been used in the scintigraphic evaluation of xerostomia. Several quantitative methods derived from standard dynamic scintigraphy have been suggested. However, the indices proposed are quite variable and unlikely to be useful in clinical practice. The objectives of this study ...
Beeres Saskia L M A - - 2006
Bone marrow cell transplantation has been proposed as a novel therapeutic option for patients with coronary artery disease. This study investigated whether autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell injection into the ischemic myocardium of patients with severe angina pectoris could safely reduce anginal symptoms, improve myocardial perfusion, and increase left ventricular ...
Gonçalves Pereira P M - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether interictal apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) provide a robust means for detecting amygdalo-hippocampal abnormalities in adult patients with localization-related chronic temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) undergoing presurgical evaluation. METHODS: Fifty-five patients and 20 age-matched controls were studied with hippocampal and ...
Blumenthal Roger S - - 2006
Detection of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis is possible using exercise myocardial perfusion imaging for inducible ischemia or multidetector computed tomography for coronary artery calcium (CAC), which is used to detect subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. The extent to which these screening tests converge in an asymptomatic population that is at increased risk for ...
Chow Benjamin J W - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare treadmill exercise (TEX) and dipyridamole stress on the uptake and retention of N-13 ammonia. BACKGROUND: Size and severity of stress-induced myocardial perfusion defects are clinically important. Because ammonia uptake and retention seems to be related to perfusion, viability, and metabolism, exercise ...
Galassi Alfredo R - - 2006
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the prognostic value of exercise myocardial scintigraphy in patients who undergo incomplete revascularization with percutaneous coronary stenting. In 322 consecutive patients (mean age 61 +/- 10 years), exercise technetium-99m-tetrofosmin single-photon emission computed tomography scintigraphy was prospectively performed 4 to 6 months ...
Yoshita Mitsuhiro - - 2006
Myasthenic symptoms and the echocardiographic findings of dilated cardiomyopathy are very rare in primary AL amyloidosis. We report a 59-year-old man with dyspnea on effort and weakness after exercise. His electrocardiogram showed ischemic heart disease and echocardiography indicated dilated cardiomyopathy. Muscle biopsy revealed amyloidosis with deposits of lambda light chain-derived ...
Nedeljkovic Ivana - - 2006
Dipyridamole and dobutamine stress echocardiography testing are most widely utilized, but their sensitivity remained suboptimal in comparison to routine exercise stress echocardiography. The aim of our study is to compare, head-to-head, exercise, dobutamine and dipyridamole stress echocardiography tests, performed with state-of-the-art protocols in a large scale prospective group of patients. ...
Reuss Christina S - - 2005
Doppler tissue imaging variables were measured in 18 healthy men and women during supine bicycle stress exercise and upright exercise treadmill testing. From a color Doppler tissue imaging cineloop, tissue velocities in basal and mid segments of the standard 3 apical views during rest and peak exercise were assessed. Compared ...
Tanaka Hirokazu - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exercise gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using technetium-99m (99mTc)-sestamibi evaluates both myocardial perfusion during stress and wall motion >30 min after the stress, which has the potential to assess not only exercise-induced myocardial ischemia but also the development of myocardial stunning. METHODS AND RESULTS: To evaluate the incidence ...
Leitman Marina - - 2006
To compare non-invasive determination of cardiac index (CI) by whole body electrical bioimpedance using the NICaS apparatus and Doppler echocardiography, and the role of cardiac power index (Cpi) and total peripheral resistance index (TPRi) calculation during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). We enrolled 60 consecutive patients undergoing DSE. Patients were prospectively ...
Dilsizian Vasken - - 2005
BACKGROUND: After myocardial ischemia, prolonged suppression of fatty acid metabolism may persist despite restoration of blood flow, which is called metabolic stunning. We hypothesized that a branched-chain fatty acid, beta-methyl-p-[(123)I]-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP), might identify the presence of myocardial ischemia late after demand ischemia at rest up to 30 hours later. ...
Naum Alexandru - - 2005
PURPOSE: Patient motion during dynamic PET studies is a well-documented source of errors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of frame-to-frame motion in dynamic ( 15)O-water myocardial perfusion PET studies, to test the efficacy of motion correction methods and to study whether implementation of motion correction ...
Heo Jaekyeong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prior studies with first-pass radionuclide angiography (RNA) during treadmill exercise used a single-crystal (Anger) or multicrystal gamma camera and technetium 99m tracers. Motion correction, when done, used point sources, which limited correction to only plane movement. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the performance of a multiwire gamma camera (MWGC), ...
Slater D N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the accuracy of published quantitative and qualitative criteria in the Bethesda System (TBS) for squamous intra-epithelial lesions. METHODS: Quantitative image analysis was undertaken on illustrations from TBS publications and also from slides in Cytology Training Centre teaching sets. Comparisons were also made with the British Society ...
Jeong Hwan Jeong - - 2005
The purpose of this volunteer study was to investigate whether pretreatment with UDCA before the administration of (99m)Tc DISIDA affects the biliary excretion of the DISIDA, and whether it can shorten the total imaging time. Ten young, healthy volunteers (eight males, two females, mean age: 26.3 +/- 2.1 years) participated ...
Pierre-Justin Gilbert - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Evaluation and quantification of regional myocardial function remain a challenge for imaging techniques in stress test. Strain and strain rate can be calculated from velocity gradients in time and space. This new technique has been developed to allow quantifiable stress echocardiography. The aim of this study was to define ...
Schwarz Tobias - - 2005
An 8-year-old sexually intact male Golden Retriever with a history of collapse during exercise underwent an examination during which tachydysrhythmia was identified. At another institution, a 12.5-year-old spayed female Lhasa Apso was referred because of a cough and for evaluation of a heart murmur. In the Golden Retriever, radiographic examination ...
Gunn Rebekah G - - 2005
Alterations in an individual analyte rarely provide an indication of the initiating circumstances that caused the abnormality. It is obvious from the previous discussion that multiple organs or organ systems can cause abnormal results in the same analyte. This fact underscores the importance of evaluating a biochemical profile in an ...
Chow Benjamin J W - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the feasibility of treadmill exercise rubidium-82 ((82)Rb) positron emission tomography (PET) and compared image quality and diagnostic content with dipyridamole (82)Rb PET in patients referred for evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Dipyridamole stress (82)Rb PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is an accurate imaging modality ...
Riksen Niels P - - 2005
The pressor response to exercise is of great importance in both physiology and pathophysiology. Whether endogenous adenosine is a trigger for this reflex remains controversial. Muscle interstitial adenosine concentration can be determined by microdialysis. However, there are indications that local muscle cell damage by the microdialysis probe confounds these measurements ...
Akutsu Yasushi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between exercise-induced QT dispersion and condition of infarct-related myocardium including myocardial scar after angioplasty assessed with exercise perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS: Exercise thallium-201 SPECT was performed 6 months after successful direct angioplasty in 67 male ...
Jaffe Tracy A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the role of Valsalva's maneuver during MDCT for the diagnosis and characterization of abdominal wall hernias. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From September 2002 to May 2003, 100 consecutive patients (37 men and 63 women; mean age, 53 years) with suspected anterior abdominal wall hernias underwent ...
Scherhag A - - 2005
Stress echocardiography (SE) has become a widely accepted clinical tool for the non-invasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Previous studies have confirmed that SE has superior diagnostic value compared to exercise ECG testing. SE has also emerged as a cost-effective alternative to nuclear imaging techniques in patients where symptoms ...
Aktaş Ayşe - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: During recovery after exercise, the heart rate and blood pressure return to a resting state more rapidly than the end-systolic left ventricular dimensions and fractional shortening. The aim of this study was to assess how exercise-related cardiac changes affect the interpretation of myocardial perfusion images in normal ...
Kamínek Milan - - 2005
The second survey of nuclear cardiology in the Czech Republic was conducted to ascertain whether the activity had increased since the first survey in 2001; we also intended to identify new trends in clinical practice. All 46 departments of nuclear medicine in the Czech Republic completed a questionnaire concerning nuclear ...
Cavusoglu Yuksel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiac syndrome X is defined as angina-like chest pain with transient ischemic ST-segment changes during exercise and angiographically normal epicardial coronary arteries. Studies with myocardial perfusion imaging in this syndrome have indicated that some patients, but not all, have an abnormality on perfusion scan. However, the impact of these ...
Tehranipour Neda - - 2005
Combining exercise and adenosine during the stress phase of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is known to reduce adverse effects and improve image quality. The aim of this study was to assess whether it can also improve the automatic calculation of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by QGS software package, during ...
Liao Lawrence - - 2005
Radionuclide exercise testing provides prognostic information in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). The relative contribution of 3 noninvasive tests--the Duke treadmill score (DTS), first-pass radionuclide angiography with calculation of the ejection fraction (RNA-EF), and perfusion SPECT--has not been comparatively assessed in a high-risk population undergoing all ...
Laake K O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pouchitis is a common and troublesome condition in patients operated on with ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis (IPAA). A disturbed mucosal perfusion in the pouch has been suggested as a possible cause. Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) has been used successfully to measure gastric and colonic mucosal perfusion in humans. In a previous study, ...
Toba Masahiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study determines the value of gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging soon after exercise to identify patients with single-vessel disease and exercise-induced prolonged myocardial dysfunction (ie, postischemic stunning). METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 19 normal individuals and 52 patients with single-vessel disease by use of 2-day ...
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