Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 782
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Abe S - - 1993
To determine the clinical usefulness of adenosine Tl-201 imaging for the evaluation of coronary artery disease, 22 patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent adenosine and exercise Tl-201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were studied. The peak levels of heart rate (83 vs 123 bpm, p < 0.001), ...
Rivitz S M - - 1993
Myocardial perfusion imaging with thallium-201 has been used extensively for many years in the evaluation of ischemic heart disease. It is a valuable adjunct to exercise treadmill testing and is especially helpful in evaluating cardiac perfusion in patients who have abnormal resting electrocardiograms, who are unable to exercise, and whose ...
Sridhara B S - - 1993
Technetium-99m (Tc-99m) tetrofosmin, a new myocardial perfusion imaging agent, was evaluated at exercise and rest in 50 patients with documented coronary artery disease to determine myocardial kinetics, redistribution and ideal imaging time. Planar imaging was performed at 5, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 240 minutes after an injection of Tc-99m ...
Bisi G - - 1993
The aim of this study was to compare the reliability of 99Tcm-sestamibi myocardial scintigraphy for the assessment of coronary artery disease extent using two different stresses (exercise and dipyridamole) and imaging techniques (planar versus single photon emission tomography, SPET) in a patient population of 20 subjects, all also studied with ...
Pennell D J - - 1993
Exercise thallium imaging is effective and provides information on exercise tolerance and symptoms, but is less sensitive if exercise is submaximal. When dipyridamole alone is used for such patients, the exercise parameters are lost and high background uptake results. This study examines dipyridamole combined with maximal exercise, to capitalize on ...
Previtali M - - 1993
To compare the value of dobutamine and dipyridamole stress echocardiography with exercise stress testing for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), 80 patients with chest pain of suspected myocardial ischemic origin (57 with CAD and 23 without significant CAD) underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography (5 to 40 micrograms/kg/min), dipyridamole echocardiography ...
Kujacic V G - - 1993
Dynamic exercise echocardiography is sensitive and specific in detection and evaluation of coronary artery disease. Frequently, however, patients cannot achieve maximum exercise because of various factors. The aims of this study were to compare usefulness of adenosine infusion and dynamic exercise to induce myocardial ischemia detected with 2-D echocardiography and ...
Hoffmann R - - 1993
In 66 patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), exercise electrocardiography (ECG), exercise echocardiography, dobutamine stress echocardiography (dosage, 5 to 40 micrograms/kg/min), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI) and coronary angiography were performed prospectively to compare methods for detecting CAD. CAD was defined as 70% luminal area stenosis ...
Marie P Y - - 1993
The usefulness of exercise single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-thallium for detecting asymptomatic restenosis was assessed prospectively in 62 patients with angina before angioplasty, who underwent < or = 6-month re-angiography and exercise SPECT-thallium imaging. Among patients with restenosis, nine had recurrence of angina but eight did not. These two ...
Ciniglio R - - 1993
Abnormal wall motion detected with exercise echocardiography identifies ischemic myocardium, while normal myocardium exhibits hyperkinetic motion. The normal, hyperkinetic response to exercise is transient and is predictive of an excellent prognosis. However, there are few data on the duration of the hyperkinesis after peak exercise. Our purpose was to determine ...
Cyran S E - - 1993
The combination of two-dimensional and continuous-wave (CW) Doppler echocardiographic imaging forms the cornerstone of diagnostic imaging in pre- or postoperative coarctation of the aorta. Because of the frequent association of other congenital heart defects, e.g., bicuspid aortic valve, a segmental imaging approach with multiple image planes should be used. CW ...
Walamies M - - 1993
The diagnostic value of 123I-phenylpentadecanoic acid (IPPA) metabolic cardiac imaging was studied in a group (n = 29) of patients with angiographically confirmed CAD using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). A symptom-limited exercise test was first done with IPPA, and 2 days later with thallium. Medications were not withheld ...
Munck O - - 1993
A slow washout of 201Thallium has a high diagnostic and prognostic value for coronary artery disease. The aim of the present work was to contribute with reference data on 201Tl uptake and washout from the myocardium. With a quantitative method using circumferential profiles and interpolative background subtraction we performed 201Tl ...
Nisen H O - - 1993
The aim of this study was to find out the normal response of the duplex Doppler (DD) parameter resistance index (RI) during a high dose prostaglandin E1 (40 micrograms) induced erection and to evaluate the clinical usefulness of DD scanning in the diagnosis of cavernovenous leakage (CVL). The results of ...
Segall G M - - 1993
Twenty-six patients underwent conventional exercise/4-h redistribution thallium myocardial perfusion imaging as well as rest/exercise imaging on different days. For the rest/exercise study, patients were imaged 10 min after receiving 1 mCi thallium at rest. The resting study was immediately followed by symptom-limited treadmill exercise. Patients were injected with 2 mCi ...
Lee J - - 1993
The myocardial thallium concentration is different during pharmacologic than exercise stress testing due to differences in coronary blood flow and cardiac output. These differences may affect the quantitative measurement of the size of ischemic myocardium if a stress-specific normal file is not used. This study examined this concept in 34 ...
Pirelli S - - 1993
The usefulness of high-dose (< or = 0.84 mg/kg over 10 minutes) dipyridamole echocardiography testing was compared with that of exercise thallium-201 scintigraphy in detecting restenosis (> 70% lumen reduction) in 50 asymptomatic patients with ST-segment depression during maximal exercise testing 3 months after successful coronary angioplasty. Dipyridamole echocardiography testing ...
O'Keefe J H JH - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the comparative diagnostic accuracy of adenosine versus exercise in conjunction with thallium-201 scintigraphy for the detection and localization of coronary artery disease in patients with left bundle branch block on the rest electrocardiogram (ECG). BACKGROUND: Patients with left bundle branch block on the rest ECG ...
Takeishi Y - - 1993
To examine whether measurements of lung thallium-201 (Tl-201) uptake with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) following exercise or dipyridamole infusion provide complementary information as reported in planar imaging, we examined 140 patients undergoing exercise or dipyridamole Tl-201 SPECT and coronary arteriography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). ...
Tsukamoto T - - 1993
To test the feasibility of resting thallium-201 (201Tl) initial and delayed scintigraphy for detecting the area of viable myocardium, we performed single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in 57 patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI). All had received coronary arteriography (CAG) and left ventriculography (LVG). Initial and delayed myocardial imagings ...
Matsuda Y - - 1993
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between the symptom of ischemia and the amount of abnormally perfused myocardium, coronary arteriography and exercise and redistribution thallium 201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 153 patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease; 53 patients had ...
Eisner R L - - 1993
We investigated the frequency and extent of changes in heart position and geometry independent of body motion during stress single-photon emission tomography (SPET) thallium-201 myocardial perfusion imaging. Following an exercise treadmill test, patients had a 22.1-min SPET acquisition which was followed immediately by a static image acquisition for 1 min ...
Wallbridge D R - - 1993
In the assessment and evaluation of patients with suspected coronary artery disease there is a need for pharmacological stress combined with thallium scintigraphy. Thallium images were obtained following stress both with dobutamine infusion (5-20 micrograms kg-1 min-1) and with symptom-limited bicycle ergometry in 20 patients (age 39-70 years) with chest ...
Amanullah A M - - 1993
The prognostic value of thallium-201 imaging in patients with unstable angina is not well established. Forty consecutive patients with unstable angina who had responded to medical therapy underwent predischarge symptom-limited exercise testing and 39 of them underwent exercise thallium-201 imaging, on average 3 days after the exercise test. Exercise echocardiography ...
Taki J - - 1993
123I-labelled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed in 17 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and was compared with 201Tl exercise stress myocardial perfusion SPECT images. Fourteen patients showed asymmetrical hypertrophy, and three demonstrated apical hypertrophy. SPECT was performed 20 min and 3 h after injection ...
Higley B - - 1993
A novel 99mTc complex (1,2-bis[bis(2-ethoxyethyl)phosphino] ethane, 99mTc-tetrofosmin) has been developed to replace 201Tl in myocardial perfusion imaging. Biodistribution, safety and dosimetry of 99mTc-tetrofosmin were studied in 12 male volunteers, each at rest and during exercise. Safety parameters measured to 48 hr postinjection revealed no clinically significant long-term drug-related changes. Biodistribution ...
Campeau R J - - 1993
A 37-year-old man with atypical chest pain and complete left bundle branch block showed a marked exercise induced septal defect on Tc-99m sestamibi stress testing. A repeat examination at rest the next day revealed complete reversal of the previous septal defect. Coronary angiography two days later showed a normal coronary ...
Iskandrian A S - - 1993
This large-scale study examined the ability of stepwise discriminant analysis of clinical, exercise, and thallium tomographic data to detect high-risk patients with three-vessel or left main disease. There were 834 patients, 229 with three-vessel or left main disease (group 1) and 605 (group 2) with either two-vessel disease (n = ...
Stern S - - 1992
Dipyridamole 201Tl imaging is an accepted diagnostic procedure for the evaluation of patients unable to perform adequate treadmill exercise, but is limited by high infradiaphragmatic activity. While recent studies have shown that the addition of exercise reduces this activity, the amount of exercise needed to effect such an improvement is ...
Verani M S - - 1992
Of all currently available techniques, thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is the most time-tested noninvasive method for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). Recent pooled data show an overall sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 70% for thallium-201 SPECT. Of patients with single-vessel coronary disease, 83% are ...
Fisman E Z - - 1992
The aim of this prospective study was to determine the effects of heavy isometric exercise on left ventricular (LV) wall motion patterns in patients who have had myocardial infarction, and to compare heavy isometric exercise with dynamic exercise for competence in eliciting LV wall motion abnormalities at equivalent rate-pressure products. ...
Feigenbaum H - - 1992
Exercise testing is an indispensable component of clinical cardiology. Latent disease or the full extent of a problem may not be apparent on a resting examination. Some form of stress is frequently necessary, especially in patients with coronary disease, to appreciate whether a patient has stress-induced ischaemia as manifested by ...
Segall G M - - 1992
Whole-body thallium scintigraphy was used to study leg muscle perfusion in 12 healthy individuals and 31 patients with peripheral vascular disease. Subjects were scanned immediately after exercise and 4 hr later. Buttock, thigh and calf perfusion were measured in terms of fractional uptake relative to whole-body activity, percent change in ...
Lennernäs H - - 1992
Recently a new in vivo approach in man, using a regional intestinal perfusion technique, has been developed. The perfusion tube consists of a multichannel tube with two inflatable balloons, which are placed 10 cm apart. The tube is introduced orally and the time required for insertion and positioning of the ...
Baccelli G - - 1992
A novel, multipurpose device has been designed that allows thallium activity to be continuously studied from a given lung area at rest and at peak exercise. The information gained from this technique proves to be relevant and reliable because lung thallium activity is displayed in real time and the interpretation ...
Blomstrand P - - 1992
It is unclear whether echocardiography at peak bicycle exercise adds information to registrations obtained recumbent immediately after the test and what factors influence image quality. Therefore, exercise echocardiography was performed consecutively and prospectively in 66 men, unselected with regard to echocardiography, one month after an episode of unstable coronary artery ...
Crouse L J - - 1992
Exercise echocardiography was used to assess the adequacy of regional myocardial perfusion in 125 patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting. There were 108 men and 17 women (mean age 65 years) evaluated from 6 weeks to 16 years (mean 7 years) after surgery. Resting parasternal long- and short-axis ...
Coma-Canella I I Coronary Care Unit, La Paz Hospital, Madrid, - - 1992
A total of 80 patients (44 with stable angina and 36 during coronary angioplasty follow-up) underwent both exercise and dobutamine stress testing within one week. Dobutamine was infused in doses of 5 micrograms.kg-1.min-1, up to 70 every 5 min with blood pressure and electrocardiographic control. Treadmill exercise testing was performed ...
Nishimura S - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to compare pharmacologic and exercise stress during thallium-201 single-photon tomography in a multicenter prospective crossover trial. BACKGROUND: Both exercise and adenosine myocardial perfusion imaging have high sensitivity and specificity for detection of coronary artery disease. However, few data are available comparing these two stress tests ...
Williams K A - - 1992
Exercise thallium-201 24-hour redistribution imaging and myocardial glucose metabolism with F-18-deoxyglucose were used to identify reversible ischemia in 30 patients with previous myocardial infarction. Metabolic images were obtained using a planar gamma camera fitted with a rotating tungsten collimator. Of 184 exercise thallium perfusion defects, late redistribution occurred in 88. ...
Amanullah A M - - 1992
The diagnostic usefulness of predischarge exercise echocardiography in 35 patients with unstable angina who responded to medical therapy was correlated with exercise thallium-201 single photon emission computed tomography (TI-SPECT) performed, on the average, three days after the exercise echocardiography. None of the patients had myocardial infarction prior to hospitalization or ...
Johnson L L - - 1992
To test the hypothesis that a small field of view portable multicrystal scintillation camera can perform stress/rest combined LV function by first-pass and perfusion studies using 99mTc-teboroxime, 26 patients with positive stress thallium studies within 2 wk and 8 healthy volunteers were studied. A 241Am point source marker over the ...
Garber C E - - 1992
Validation of the London School of Hygiene (Rose) Questionnaire with objective measures of myocardial ischemia is incomplete. Therefore, we compared the Rose Questionnaire with exercise thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy in 147 male and 97 female patients with chest pain referred for clinical exercise testing. Of those with "Rose Questionnaire angina", 26% ...
Bendick P J - - 1992
Forty-four patients undergoing femoropopliteal angioplasty were studied by magnetic resonance blood flowmetry to determine quantitative limb perfusion. Baseline limb perfusion averaged 0.52 +/- 0.15 mL/min per 100 cc of tissue. Perfusion values for successful angioplasties rose within 72 hours to a mean of 1.40 +/- 0.31 mL/min per 100 cc ...
Moran J F - - 1992
Exercise-induced bundle branch block is an uncommon electrocardiographic entity said to be associated with coronary heart disease. Thirty-seven patients were studied to determine if exercise hemodynamics and stress/rest thallium scans could identify those patients with coronary heart disease. Eighteen patients of the study group also had coronary angiography. Group I ...
Tweddel A C - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To review thallium scans in patients with angina and normal coronary arteriograms. DESIGN: Retrospective review of data. SETTING: Regional cardiac centre in Glasgow. PATIENTS: 100 patients selected from those undergoing diagnostic angiography for typical angina who had normal arteriograms (around 10%), no other cardiovascular abnormality, and available thallium scans ...
Magriñà J - - 1992
To assess the diagnostic value of technetium-99m-MIBI (99mTc-MIBI) as a myocardial perfusion imaging agent, and if rest and exercise scans could be performed on the same day, 21 patients with coronary artery disease were studied. Qualitative planar 201-thallium (201Tl) scans, coronary angiography, or both were also performed (median between studies ...
Ryan T - - 1992
Exercise echocardiography is a versatile, noninvasive diagnostic test that involves the recording and interpretation of 2-dimensional echocardiograms prior to, during, and after exercise. By analyzing and comparing wall motion at each stage, a prediction about the presence or absence of coronary artery disease can be made. The development of a ...
Marwick T H - - 1992
Both exercise echocardiography and rubidium-82 positron emission tomography are used in the detection and characterization of coronary artery disease. This study compared results of both in 74 patients with known coronary anatomy, by use of exercise echocardiography before and after treadmill exercise and positron emission tomography with intravenous dipyridamole-handgrip stress. ...
Mazeika P K - - 1992
Stress echocardiography with dobutamine infusion for detection of coronary artery disease is a potential alternative to exercise stress testing with some theoretic advantages. Fifty patients who were not receiving cardioactive medication were prospectively studied with two-dimensional echocardiography and 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) during incremental dobutamine infusion (5, 10, 15 and 20 ...
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