Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 708
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Taki J - - 1993
123I-labelled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed in 17 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and was compared with 201Tl exercise stress myocardial perfusion SPECT images. Fourteen patients showed asymmetrical hypertrophy, and three demonstrated apical hypertrophy. SPECT was performed 20 min and 3 h after injection ...
Higley B - - 1993
A novel 99mTc complex (1,2-bis[bis(2-ethoxyethyl)phosphino] ethane, 99mTc-tetrofosmin) has been developed to replace 201Tl in myocardial perfusion imaging. Biodistribution, safety and dosimetry of 99mTc-tetrofosmin were studied in 12 male volunteers, each at rest and during exercise. Safety parameters measured to 48 hr postinjection revealed no clinically significant long-term drug-related changes. Biodistribution ...
Campeau R J - - 1993
A 37-year-old man with atypical chest pain and complete left bundle branch block showed a marked exercise induced septal defect on Tc-99m sestamibi stress testing. A repeat examination at rest the next day revealed complete reversal of the previous septal defect. Coronary angiography two days later showed a normal coronary ...
Iskandrian A S - - 1993
This large-scale study examined the ability of stepwise discriminant analysis of clinical, exercise, and thallium tomographic data to detect high-risk patients with three-vessel or left main disease. There were 834 patients, 229 with three-vessel or left main disease (group 1) and 605 (group 2) with either two-vessel disease (n = ...
Stern S - - 1992
Dipyridamole 201Tl imaging is an accepted diagnostic procedure for the evaluation of patients unable to perform adequate treadmill exercise, but is limited by high infradiaphragmatic activity. While recent studies have shown that the addition of exercise reduces this activity, the amount of exercise needed to effect such an improvement is ...
Verani M S - - 1992
Of all currently available techniques, thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is the most time-tested noninvasive method for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). Recent pooled data show an overall sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 70% for thallium-201 SPECT. Of patients with single-vessel coronary disease, 83% are ...
Fisman E Z - - 1992
The aim of this prospective study was to determine the effects of heavy isometric exercise on left ventricular (LV) wall motion patterns in patients who have had myocardial infarction, and to compare heavy isometric exercise with dynamic exercise for competence in eliciting LV wall motion abnormalities at equivalent rate-pressure products. ...
Feigenbaum H - - 1992
Exercise testing is an indispensable component of clinical cardiology. Latent disease or the full extent of a problem may not be apparent on a resting examination. Some form of stress is frequently necessary, especially in patients with coronary disease, to appreciate whether a patient has stress-induced ischaemia as manifested by ...
Segall G M - - 1992
Whole-body thallium scintigraphy was used to study leg muscle perfusion in 12 healthy individuals and 31 patients with peripheral vascular disease. Subjects were scanned immediately after exercise and 4 hr later. Buttock, thigh and calf perfusion were measured in terms of fractional uptake relative to whole-body activity, percent change in ...
Lennernäs H - - 1992
Recently a new in vivo approach in man, using a regional intestinal perfusion technique, has been developed. The perfusion tube consists of a multichannel tube with two inflatable balloons, which are placed 10 cm apart. The tube is introduced orally and the time required for insertion and positioning of the ...
Baccelli G - - 1992
A novel, multipurpose device has been designed that allows thallium activity to be continuously studied from a given lung area at rest and at peak exercise. The information gained from this technique proves to be relevant and reliable because lung thallium activity is displayed in real time and the interpretation ...
Blomstrand P - - 1992
It is unclear whether echocardiography at peak bicycle exercise adds information to registrations obtained recumbent immediately after the test and what factors influence image quality. Therefore, exercise echocardiography was performed consecutively and prospectively in 66 men, unselected with regard to echocardiography, one month after an episode of unstable coronary artery ...
Crouse L J - - 1992
Exercise echocardiography was used to assess the adequacy of regional myocardial perfusion in 125 patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting. There were 108 men and 17 women (mean age 65 years) evaluated from 6 weeks to 16 years (mean 7 years) after surgery. Resting parasternal long- and short-axis ...
Coma-Canella I I Coronary Care Unit, La Paz Hospital, Madrid, - - 1992
A total of 80 patients (44 with stable angina and 36 during coronary angioplasty follow-up) underwent both exercise and dobutamine stress testing within one week. Dobutamine was infused in doses of 5 micrograms.kg-1.min-1, up to 70 every 5 min with blood pressure and electrocardiographic control. Treadmill exercise testing was performed ...
Nishimura S - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to compare pharmacologic and exercise stress during thallium-201 single-photon tomography in a multicenter prospective crossover trial. BACKGROUND: Both exercise and adenosine myocardial perfusion imaging have high sensitivity and specificity for detection of coronary artery disease. However, few data are available comparing these two stress tests ...
Williams K A - - 1992
Exercise thallium-201 24-hour redistribution imaging and myocardial glucose metabolism with F-18-deoxyglucose were used to identify reversible ischemia in 30 patients with previous myocardial infarction. Metabolic images were obtained using a planar gamma camera fitted with a rotating tungsten collimator. Of 184 exercise thallium perfusion defects, late redistribution occurred in 88. ...
Amanullah A M - - 1992
The diagnostic usefulness of predischarge exercise echocardiography in 35 patients with unstable angina who responded to medical therapy was correlated with exercise thallium-201 single photon emission computed tomography (TI-SPECT) performed, on the average, three days after the exercise echocardiography. None of the patients had myocardial infarction prior to hospitalization or ...
Johnson L L - - 1992
To test the hypothesis that a small field of view portable multicrystal scintillation camera can perform stress/rest combined LV function by first-pass and perfusion studies using 99mTc-teboroxime, 26 patients with positive stress thallium studies within 2 wk and 8 healthy volunteers were studied. A 241Am point source marker over the ...
Garber C E - - 1992
Validation of the London School of Hygiene (Rose) Questionnaire with objective measures of myocardial ischemia is incomplete. Therefore, we compared the Rose Questionnaire with exercise thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy in 147 male and 97 female patients with chest pain referred for clinical exercise testing. Of those with "Rose Questionnaire angina", 26% ...
Bendick P J - - 1992
Forty-four patients undergoing femoropopliteal angioplasty were studied by magnetic resonance blood flowmetry to determine quantitative limb perfusion. Baseline limb perfusion averaged 0.52 +/- 0.15 mL/min per 100 cc of tissue. Perfusion values for successful angioplasties rose within 72 hours to a mean of 1.40 +/- 0.31 mL/min per 100 cc ...
Moran J F - - 1992
Exercise-induced bundle branch block is an uncommon electrocardiographic entity said to be associated with coronary heart disease. Thirty-seven patients were studied to determine if exercise hemodynamics and stress/rest thallium scans could identify those patients with coronary heart disease. Eighteen patients of the study group also had coronary angiography. Group I ...
Tweddel A C - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To review thallium scans in patients with angina and normal coronary arteriograms. DESIGN: Retrospective review of data. SETTING: Regional cardiac centre in Glasgow. PATIENTS: 100 patients selected from those undergoing diagnostic angiography for typical angina who had normal arteriograms (around 10%), no other cardiovascular abnormality, and available thallium scans ...
Magriñà J - - 1992
To assess the diagnostic value of technetium-99m-MIBI (99mTc-MIBI) as a myocardial perfusion imaging agent, and if rest and exercise scans could be performed on the same day, 21 patients with coronary artery disease were studied. Qualitative planar 201-thallium (201Tl) scans, coronary angiography, or both were also performed (median between studies ...
Ryan T - - 1992
Exercise echocardiography is a versatile, noninvasive diagnostic test that involves the recording and interpretation of 2-dimensional echocardiograms prior to, during, and after exercise. By analyzing and comparing wall motion at each stage, a prediction about the presence or absence of coronary artery disease can be made. The development of a ...
Marwick T H - - 1992
Both exercise echocardiography and rubidium-82 positron emission tomography are used in the detection and characterization of coronary artery disease. This study compared results of both in 74 patients with known coronary anatomy, by use of exercise echocardiography before and after treadmill exercise and positron emission tomography with intravenous dipyridamole-handgrip stress. ...
Mazeika P K - - 1992
Stress echocardiography with dobutamine infusion for detection of coronary artery disease is a potential alternative to exercise stress testing with some theoretic advantages. Fifty patients who were not receiving cardioactive medication were prospectively studied with two-dimensional echocardiography and 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) during incremental dobutamine infusion (5, 10, 15 and 20 ...
Kubo H - - 1992
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether exercise training for 12 weeks prevents the development of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Symptom-limited treadmill exercise with thallium-201 myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed one and 13 weeks after PTCA in 18 patients with exercise ...
De Landsheere C - - 1992
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) can relieve symptoms in patients with severe angina pectoris refractory to conventional medical or surgical therapy. This symptomatic improvement may result from decreased myocardial ischemia. To test this hypothesis, positron emission tomography (PET) and potassium-38 as a flow tracer were used in 8 patients for the ...
Marwick T H - - 1992
The extent of ischemic and hibernating myocardium, which may be detected by increased postexercise uptake of fluoro-18 deoxyglucose (FDG) using positron emission tomography, may determine the degree of functional benefit after revascularization. This study examined the influence of the amount of this FDG-avid myocardium on changes in left ventricular function ...
Heller G V - - 1992
The effects of two levels of exercise intensity on the size and location of thallium-201 defects were compared in 22 patients with known ischemic coronary artery disease. A symptom-limited incremental exercise test was performed followed (greater than 48 hours) by submaximal steady-state exercise at 70% of the peak heart rate ...
Fleg J L - - 1992
The addition of thallium-201 (201Tl) scintigraphy to traditional exercise electrocardiography (ECG) was assessed to determine whether the combination was a more accurate predictor of future coronary events than exercise ECG alone in an apparently healthy population. There were 407 participants enrolled in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. The participants, ...
Ryan T - - 1992
Bicycle stress echocardiography involves the recording and interpretation of two-dimensional echocardiographic information before, during, and after bicycle exercise. The exercise test can be performed in the supine or upright posture. While there are important physiological differences between these two positions, they appear to provide similar diagnostic information on the presence ...
Fagan L F LF - - 1992
Exercise thallium scintigraphy is widely used to assess prognosis in patients with suspected or proven coronary artery disease. The incremental prognostic value of this technique in patients who have good exercise tolerance has not been well studied. Two hundred ninety-nine patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease without prior ...
Harrison M R - - 1992
Doppler echocardiography enables convenient, noninvasive evaluation of global, systolic performance at rest and during exercise. Early studies suggested that Doppler parameters of systolic function were sensitive to exercise-induced myocardial ischemia and could identify patients with severe coronary artery disease. Subsequent investigation, however, has identified several factors in addition to myocardial ...
Meyers D G - - 1992
The sensitivity of electrocardiographic ST analysis for detecting coronary artery disease is markedly decreased in patients unable to exercise vigorously. To determine the diagnostic accuracy of Thallium-201 SPECT scintigraphy at various exercise levels, we evaluated 179 patients without evidence of prior myocardial infarction or other confounding factors who performed symptom-limited ...
Heo J - - 1992
Two same-day protocols (rest/exercise [Protocol 1] and exercise/rest [Protocol 2]) with sestamibi (hexakis 2-methoxy-2-isobutyl-isonitrile) were performed within 2 to 14 days of each other after randomization. The initial study in each protocol was done using a dose of 185-296 MBq of 99mTc-sestamibi. The second study in each protocol used a ...
Hurwitz G A - - 1992
Angiographic and clinical determinants of pulmonary uptake of thallium-201 were assessed in a laboratory setting where supine bicycle exercise is used for stress testing in the absence of limiting pharmacologic or physical factors, and where symptom-limited exercise is added to intravenous dipyridamole infusion in other cases. Angiographic correlation was available ...
Gupta N C - - 1992
Pharmacologic stress with dipyridamole has provided useful diagnostic, as well as prognostic, information in patients undergoing thallium-201 myocardial perfusion imaging. With its ultrashort half-life and a potent and consistent vasodilator effect, adenosine may be the coronary vasodilator of choice with myocardial perfusion imaging. Fifty-one healthy subjects and 93 patients with ...
Moriai N - - 1992
We investigated the causes and long-term prognosis of exercise-induced silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) by means of exercise Tl-201 myocardial SPECT (Ex-SPECT) in 97 patients with effort angina or old myocardial infarction (OMI). These patients were proven to have significant stenosis by coronary angiography. The subjects were divided into three groups ...
Fioretti P M - - 1992
This study was designed (1) to assess the relationship between stress exercise echocardiography (echo) and 201-Tl single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) applied simultaneously in 23 patients who were candidates to percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), (2) to assess the relationship between the development of exercise-induced wall motion abnormalities, transient ...
Maublant J C - - 1992
Defect size on myocardial tomograms was measured in 30 patients who underwent 2 separate studies, 1 with thallium-201 (TI-201), the other with technetium-99m-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (MIBI). A group of 15 patients with myocardial infarction was studied at rest and received both tracers on the same day. The other 15 patients had ...
Martin W - - 1992
Both symptom-limited maximal exercise and intravenously given dipyridamole stress (0.56 mg/kg over 4 min with a 2 min walk) gated thallium scans were performed in 22 patients undergoing coronary arteriography for the assessment of chest pain. All scans were acquired gated to the electrocardiogram in 3 projections and were reported ...
Hilton T C - - 1992
The prognostic value of exercise thallium-201 myocardial perfusion imaging has not been studied in an elderly (aged greater than or equal to 70 years) population. Retrospective analysis of 120 consecutive elderly patients undergoing Bruce protocol exercise stress with quantitative planar thallium-201 scintigraphy, followed clinically for a mean of 36 +/- ...
Cuocolo A - - 1992
In this study we compared the results of exercise and trans-oesophageal atrial pacing (TAP) technetium-99m methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (99mTc-SESTAMIBI) cardiac imaging in the evaluation of left ventricular (LV) function and myocardial perfusion in patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease. Ten patients (8 men and 2 women, mean age 59 +/- ...
Todd I C - - 1991
Forty male patients with chronic stable angina pectoris and no prior myocardial infarction were studied by planar thallium scintigraphy with use of circumferential profile analysis. Ischemic defects were assessed by measuring degrees of circumference involved and area of defect. Data were collected for 3 vascular regions in each of 3 ...
Travin M I - - 1991
One hundred thirty-four patients with redistribution on a thallium-201 exercise test who did not experience angina (group 1) were compared with 134 patients also having redistribution who had angina during the test (group 2). The groups were matched by age, sex, and peak exercise heart rate. Although patients in both ...
Pozzoli M M - - 1991
To determine the relative value of exercise two-dimensional echocardiography and 99m Tc methoxyisobutylisonitrile single photon emission computed tomography (MIBI SPECT) for the detection of myocardial ischaemia, 103 consecutive patients with either proven or suspected coronary artery disease, who were referred for perfusion scintigraphy, were studied by a combination of the ...
Braat S H - - 1991
For more than 15 years, 201Tl has been used for measuring myocardial perfusion and viability although its physical characteristics, which include a photon energy of 68 to 80 keV and a physical half-life of 73 hours, are far from ideal. In early 1991, 99mTc tracers from the group of compounds ...
Galanti G - - 1991
To evaluate the accuracy of exercise two-dimensional echocardiography for the recognition of coronary artery disease, 53 patients (46 men and 7 women, age range 35 to 69 years) without either previous myocardial infarction or resting wall motion abnormalities, were studied. According to coronary angiography 26 had normal coronary arteries, 14 ...
Jacobson A F - - 1991
In a series of 62 male patients undergoing exercise TI-201 SPECT myocardial scintigraphy, planar 45 degrees LAO images were acquired before (2-5 minutes postinjection, P1) and after (35 minutes postinjection, P2) the initial SPECT study in order to identify those patients with redistribution during the first 30 minutes after exercise. ...
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