Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 930
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Walther Claudia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to examine whether additional school exercise lessons would result in improved peak oxygen uptake (primary end point) and body mass index-standard deviation score, motor and coordinative abilities, circulating progenitor cells, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (major secondary end points). METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Morita Eishin - - 2009
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a special form of food allergy where a food-intake alone does not induce any symptoms. However, allergic symptoms are elicited when triggering factors such as exercise or aspirin-intake are added after ingestion of the causative food. The most frequent causative foodstuff in Japan is wheat. ...
Schneider Stefan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to identify neurophysiological correlates for previously reported positive effects of exercise on academic achievement in school children using a distributed source localization algorithm. Electro-cortical activity of 11 school children (9-10y) was recorded before and after a moderate 15-min bike exercise. Data were analyzed using ...
Liem Robert I - - 2009
Although cardiopulmonary disease is associated with decreased functional capacity among adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), its impact on functional capacity in children with SCD is unknown. We evaluated 6-min walk (6MW) distance in 77 children and young adults with SCD undergoing screening for cardiopulmonary disease. Of 30 subjects who ...
Teo Shu-Lin - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is an uncommon and under-recognised syndrome that clinicians may not consider in a patient presenting with anaphylaxis. CLINICAL PICTURE: We describe here 5 patients aged 9 to 20 years old who presented at a local tertiary hospital over a 2-year period from August 2006 to ...
Takken T - - 2009
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in paediatric cardiology differs in many aspects from the tests performed in adult cardiology. Children's cardiovascular responses during exercise testing present different characteristics, particularly oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood pressure response, which are essential in interpreting haemodynamic data. Diseases that are associated with myocardial ischaemia ...
Akdur H?lyat - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to determine the normal cardiovascular responses of healthy Turkish children to exercise and to determine the reference values. Two hundred and eighty-four healthy children (115 girls, 169 boys) aged 5-14 were enrolled in the study. Exercise time (ET), workload that can be tolerated with ...
Takken T - - 2009
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in paediatric cardiology differs in many aspects from the tests as performed in adult cardiology. Children's cardiovascular responses during exercise testing present different characteristics, particularly oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood pressure response, which are essential in interpreting haemodynamic data. Diseases that are associated with myocardial ...
Möller Peter - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Outcome of staged palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome has improved over the past decades. However, only little is known about the exercise capacity of children with palliated hypoplastic left heart syndrome where a systemic right ventricle supports the systemic circulation. The aim of the study was to assess ...
Teoh Oon Hoe - - 2009
Exercise is an important aspect of health and development in children. By placing the pulmonary system under stress, exercise testing may reveal subtle dynamic abnormalities that are not apparent on conventional static pulmonary function tests. Furthermore, exercise testing assesses the functional impact of respiratory disease on children. Exercise testing has ...
Weisgerber Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Cooper 12-minute run/walk test (CT12) as a one-time estimate of cardiorespiratory fitness and marker of fitness change compared with treadmill fitness testing in young children with persistent asthma. DESIGN: A cohort of urban children with asthma participated in the asthma and exercise program and a subset completed ...
Kersten Elin T G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), a characteristic feature of asthma, can be assessed through standardized bronchial provocation tests (BPT). Exercise as a BPT is used in diagnosing and monitoring exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Recently a novel osmotic BPT has been developed, using dry powder mannitol. The aim of this study was ...
Katz-Leurer Michal - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and the ability to recruit and retain children with severe traumatic brain injury or cerebral palsy, and their families, to a simple home-based exercise programme and to assess the immediate and short-term effects of such intervention on reducing impairment and improving function. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized ...
Pacharn Punchama - - 2009
Wheat is not an uncommon cause of food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis. This study aims to describe common clinical characteristics and laboratory manifestations of the disease. Five children, aged 8-14 years were evaluated. An atopic history was found in 20% of the patients. All patients had symptoms which involved the skin and ...
Inomata Naoko - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the diverse clinical manifestations of IgE-mediated allergy to ingested wheat and summarizes recent advances in characterization of clinically significant allergens and diagnostic workup. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent population-based studies have shown the prevalence of wheat allergy and sensitization more precisely than past studies among small ...
Sugimura Tetsu - - 2009
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) was prevented from recurring in 2 children by sodium cromoglycate (SCG) before intake of the causative food. CASE 1: A 14-year-old girl who had suffered recurrent symptoms of anaphylaxis when she exercised after lunch. Radioallergosorbent test (RAST) was 1.49 UA/mL for wheat. She was advised to ...
Pérez Margarita - - 2009
We investigated the phenomenon of second wind in four patients with McArdle's disease: a brother and sister (aged 4 and 12 years respectively) and two unrelated patients, a boy of 14 and a 17-year-old girl. We also studied the siblings' healthy 6-year-old sister. Each patient performed a 15-min exercise test ...
Das Bibhuti B - - 2009
Twenty-seven children (ages 8 to 18 years) who had a history of successful coarctation repair (mean transisthmic Doppler gradient [TI-D] <20 mmHg at rest) and had not received antihypertensive medications underwent echocardiogram at rest and immediately following peak exercise with a standard treadmill test. All were normotensive or had isolated ...
Armstrong Neil - - 2009
The pulmonary oxygen uptake (pVO2) kinetic response at the onset of exercise provides a noninvasive window into the metabolic activity of the muscle and a valuable means of increasing our understanding of developmental muscle metabolism. However, to date only limited research has been devoted to investigating the pVO2 kinetic response ...
Barczyk Katarzyna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There has been a growing interest in studies examining the importance of the aquatic environment in non-invasive treatment of scoliosis. The water environment is an important element in the correction of body posture abnormalities. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the influence of corrective exercises in a ...
Choi Ji Hoon - - 2009
Food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is the triggering of anaphylaxis after ingestion of certain foods when followed by physical exercise. Symptoms vary from the typical generalized urticaria to severe allergic reactions. We report the case of a 20-year-old woman who had a 7-year history of recurrent wheals and dyspnea after ingesting ...
van der Cammen-van Zijp M H M - - 2010
The Bruce treadmill protocol is suitable for children 4 years of age and older. Dutch reference values were established in 1987. We considered that children's exercise capacity has deteriorated due to changes in physical activity patterns and eating habits. We determined new reference values and evaluated determinants of exercise capacity. ...
Murphy Emily C-S - - 2009
Objective. To determine whether an exercise intervention using an active video game (Dance Dance Revolution [DDR]) is effective in improving endothelial dysfunction (EDF) and other risk factors in overweight children. Design. Thirty-five children (Body mass index >/= 85(th) percentile, mean age 10.21+/-1.67 years, 17 females) with EDF were assessed for ...
Moyer-Mileur Laurie J - - 2009
Altered nutrient intake and decreased exercise in response to cancer therapies and their side effects, particularly corticosteroids, may be key factors in the increased body weight and differences in physical fitness reported in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). To assess (1) the effect of a home-based nutrition and ...
Petty Karen H - - 2009
To test the dose-response effects of an exercise program on depressive symptoms and self-worth in children. Overweight, sedentary children (N = 207, 7-11 years, 58% male, 59% Black) were randomly assigned to low or high dose (20 or 40 min/day) aerobic exercise programs (13 +/- 1.6 weeks), or control group. ...
de Sousa G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the change of hemodynamic parameters in graded bicycle exercise testing in obese children before and after overweight reduction. METHODS: Forty-two obese children (mean age 11 years) and 40 healthy, lean children underwent graded bicycle exercise testing (1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 Watt/kg) recording the heart rate (HR) and ...
Rosa Jaime S - - 2009
Leukocytosis contributes to exercise-induced immune modulation, which is a mechanism of cardiovascular protection. However, this process is poorly defined in children. We therefore measured leukocytes in 45 healthy, 18 overweight, 16 type 1 diabetic, and 8 asthmatic children at pre, end-, and 30-min postexercise (30-min intermittent or 6-min continuous). In ...
Radtke Thomas - - 2009
PURPOSE: To review the most common field and laboratory exercise tests available for children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: Relevant studies for this review were identified by electronic search of Medline and PubMed databases between the years 1958 and 2008. The bibliographies of all accessed publications were also ...
Murphy Emily C-S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an exercise intervention using an active video game (Dance Dance Revolution [DDR]) is effective in improving endothelial dysfunction (EDF) and other risk factors in overweight children. DESIGN: Thirty-five children (Body mass index > or = 85(th) percentile, mean age 10.21+/-1.67 years, 17 females) with EDF were ...
Hutzal Carolyn E - - 2009
Children with arthritis face challenges when they try to increase their physical activity. The study's objective was to identify elements of a successful community-based exercise program for children with arthritis by investigating the perspectives of fitness instructors who led the program. This qualitative study used a phenomenological approach. Four fitness ...
Ploeger Hilde E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory diseases strike millions of people all over the world, and exercise is often prescribed for these patients to improve overall fitness and quality of life. In healthy individuals, acute and chronic exercise is known to alter inflammatory markers; however, less is known about these effects in patients ...
Kasahara Takashi - - 2009
Supraglottic swallow (SGS) is one of the swallowing maneuvers used to enhance safe bolus passage into the esophagus and to avoid aspiration into the trachea. We examined the efficacy of SGS as an indirect swallowing exercise by quantifying hyoid bone movements during SGS. Videofluorography was used to analyze SGS in ...
Vázquez Miguel Arturo Salazar - - 2009
Nonobese children age 10.4 +/- 1.1 years diagnosed with dyslipidemia (n = 51) were compared to normal children age 10.8 +/- 1.1 years (n = 38). Affected individuals had increased total cholesterol: 223 +/- 23 vs 152 +/- 17 mg/dl, p < 0.001; and decreased high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol: 41.9 +/- 4.1 ...
Bito Toshinori - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A 24 year-old woman with atopic dermatitis occasionally developed symptoms, including dyspnea and generalized urticaria, following ingestion of food containing cows milk. Similar episodes had continued, and had been treated empirically since the age of 16 years. CASE SUMMARY: Although a skin test and IgE RAST showed positive reactions ...
Miller Christopher W T - - 2008
Described for the first time approximately 30 years ago, exercise-induced anaphylaxis is a rare disorder characterized by development of a severe allergic response occurring after mild-to-strenuous physical activity. This disorder is especially important to recognize with the recent increase in physical activity and health fitness fads. A number of predisposing ...
Axelsson Josefin - - 2009
This study was performed to investigate the glomerular permeability alterations responsible for the microalbuminuria occurring in endotoxemia and during anaphylactic shock. In anesthetized Wistar rats, the left ureter was catheterized for urine collection while, simultaneously, blood access was achieved. Endotoxemia was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli, and glomerular ...
Tkacz Joseph - - 2008
This study tested the effect of a structured aerobic exercise program on anger expression in healthy overweight children. Overweight sedentary children were randomly assigned to an aerobic exercise program or a no-exercise control condition. All children completed the Pediatric Anger Expression Scale at baseline and posttest. Anger Out and Anger ...
Lee Jae-Young - - 2008
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis is a unique form of food allergy. Recent studies indicate that gliadin is a major allergen in patients with wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA). We evaluated the value of serum gliadin-specific IgE in the diagnosis of WDEIA, as well as the characteristics and digestibilities of the IgE-binding components ...
Dubowy Karl-Otto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is just as vital to have an exact overview of the physical fitness of young and growing people as it is for adults. The currently used exercise protocols have limitations in healthy small children, and in senior citizens. In particular with chronically ill patients, regardless of their age, ...
Marinov Blagoy I - - 2008
Thalassemia major is associated with impaired exercise tolerance because of the severe anemia and cardiopulmonary dysfunction characteristic of the condition. OBJECTIVE: To assess the exercise performance in thalassemic children before and two hours after hemotransfusion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included eleven children with thalassemia major (12.3 +/- 2.8 years; ...
Hilte Maartje - - 2008
Dutch bisyllabic words containing open and closed syllables are particularly difficult to spell for children. What kind of support in spelling exercises improves the spelling of these words the most? Two extensions of a commonly used dictation exercise were tested: less skilled spellers in grade 2 (n = 50; 7 ...
Bernard Rebecca S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In cystic fibrosis (CF), adherence to airway clearance techniques (e.g., chest physiotherapy and exercise) is poor. Exercise is important because pulmonary difficulties are associated with the highest mortality rate. Despite this, very little research has focused on exercise adherence in CF. This study examined a token economy for increasing ...
Rogers Anna - - 2008
The aim of this review was to assess the evidence regarding the effectiveness of aerobic training interventions for children with cerebral palsy (CP). The target population included children with CP of any severity, aged 2 to 17 years. The following databases were searched for English language studies from 1960 to ...
Klepper Susan E - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review discusses the current knowledge about exercise capacity and physical activity in children with rheumatic disease and examines the role of exercise in managing these conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies suggest exercise capacity is significantly impaired in a large proportion of children with juvenile idiopathic ...
Reitsma Pieter - - 2009
There is a surprising lack of systematic research evaluating the effects of reading exercises for young deaf children. Therefore, for this article, two computer-based exercises were developed and learning effects were determined by posttests. One (spelling oriented) exercise was to select the correct word among three orthographically similar alternatives that ...
Franciosi J P - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Complete colonoscopy is critical for the evaluation of many paediatric gastrointestinal diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility of magnetic positioning device for paediatric colonoscopy and to compare completion rate and procedure time with and without the device. METHODS: Prospective randomised controlled trial ...
McGuigan Michael R - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of the OMNI Resistance Exercise scale (OMNI-RES) for monitoring the intensity of different modes of resistance training in children who are overweight or obese. Sixty-one children (mean age = 9.7 +/- 1.4 years) performed three resistance training sessions every week ...
Walther Claudia - - 2008
AIMS: Levels of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), that can be increased by regular exercise, correlate with vascular function. In the context of primary prevention, the impact of regular physical activity on the amount and function of EPC has not yet been investigated in school children. METHODS: Four sixth grade classes ...
Binkhorst Mathijs - - 2008
Existing data on exercise performance in children with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) are scarce and inconclusive. We aimed to elucidate whether and why exercise capacity and physical activity level are decreased in children with VSD. Children 9 to 17 years of age with a surgically (operated, n = 13) ...
Figaji Anthony A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Most physicians rely on conventional treatment targets for intracranial pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure, systemic oxygenation, and hemoglobin to direct management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children. In this study, we used brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2) monitoring to examine the association between PbtO2 values and outcome in pediatric ...
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