Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 930
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Mattiello Rita - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess functional capacity during exercise in children and adolescents with post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO). METHODS: 20 children with PIBO, aged 8-16 years old, and in follow-up at an outpatient clinic carried out cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and pulmonary function tests (PFT), according to ...
Takken T - - 2008
Children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) often have significant physical impairment. A minority is unresponsive to combinations of medications, and a possible treatment of resistant JIA is intense immunosuppression followed by autologous hematopoietic SCT (ASCT). Children resistant to conventional therapy have a poor prognosis with regard to long-term outcome of ...
De José María Belén - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Supraclavicular brachial plexus blocks are not common in children because of risk of pneumothorax. However, infraclavicular brachial plexus blocks have been described in paediatric patients both with nerve stimulation and ultrasound (US)-guidance. US-guidance reduces the risk of complications in supraclavicular brachial plexus blocks in adults. OBJECTIVE: To compare the ...
Moalla Wassim - - 2008
Muscular and cardiorespiratory dysfunction contributes to exercise intolerance. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterize the cardiopulmonary response andrespiratory muscle oxygenation of children with congenital heart diseases (CHD) when compared with those of healthy children. Twelve children with CHD in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II ...
Armstrong Neil - - 2008
Oded Bar-Or's hypothesis that children may be "metabolic non-specialists", even when engaging in specialized sports, has stimulated the study of paediatric exercise metabolism since the publication of his classic text Pediatric sports medicine for the practitioner in 1983. Evidence drawn from several methodologies indicates an interplay of anaerobic and aerobic ...
Klentrou Panagiota Nota - - 2008
Dr. Oded Bar-Or was a pioneer in the study of children's physical activity, exercise, and health. His diverse research interests led to numerous scientific explorations on thermoregulation, aerobic and anaerobic capacity, physical activity, economy of movement, obesity, neuromuscular diseases, asthma, cystic fibrosis (CF), and many more. To commemorate the extraordinary ...
Timmons Brian W - - 2008
Dr. Oded Bar-Or was a giant in the area of pediatric exercise science and made numerous contributions to the health of children around the world. He also had a significant impact on a relatively new area of pediatric exercise science -- pediatric exercise immunology. Under his supervision, some aspects of ...
Rosa Jaime S - - 2008
Leukocyte mobilization and secretions of cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors in children during exercise are necessary biochemical signals for physiological growth and long-term cardiovascular protection. Because of glycemic instability, altered exercise responses, particularly the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-6, may occur in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) that could influence the ...
Tahan Fulya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in asthma is incompletely understood, and the role of lipoxin A4 has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the involvement of lipoxin A4 in exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. METHODS: Two groups of children were enrolled in the study: asthmatic children with positive (n = 12) and ...
Marchal François - - 2008
Changes in lung function after exercise in healthy primary school children have mostly been described in field studies. More complete description and insight into relevant mechanisms may be provided in lung function laboratory. The aim was to describe airway caliber and response to deep inhalation (DI) after exercise in healthy ...
Fujii Hiroko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a distinct form of common food allergy characteristically induced by a combination of causative food ingestion and physical exercise. Recent investigations have documented that aspirin consumption, in place of exercise, also induces allergic symptoms. CASE SUMMARY: A 63-year-old man began low dose aspirin therapy ...
Favart Monik - - 2009
The present study looked at how children establish a relationship between the conceptual and linguistic dimensions of linearization in descriptive text composition. Written productions were compared with oral ones. French-speaking participants, drawn from the fifth, seventh, and ninth grades, produced both a written and an oral description of a picture ...
Hjortdal Vibeke E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Extracardiac total cavo-pulmonary connection (TCPC) bypasses the right atrium and has in theory better hemodynamics than intraatrial TCPC repair. Both are thought to have inferior hemodynamics compared with a normal circulation. Direct comparison of flow rates at rest and during exercise with magnetic resonance imaging technique have not been ...
Pérez Margarita - - 2008
A 9-year-old boy with McArdle disease, who demonstrated remarkable recovery of objectively measured exercise tolerance after 1 year of follow-up, during which he pursued age-appropriate physical activities. The patient presented 1 year previously with severe myalgia, muscle weakness, proteinuria, hematuria, hyperthermia, and elevated creatine kinase levels after noncompetitive swimming. At ...
Chang Yu-Feng - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tai Chi Chuan, a traditional Chinese exercise, is thought to improve cardiopulmonary function in patients with chronic disease. This study investigated the effect of Tai Chi Chuan on the pulmonary function and daily symptoms of asthmatic children. METHODS: Thirty asthmatic children were enrolled into the study. Fifteen ...
Van Hoeck Koen J - - 2008
PURPOSE: We prospectively assessed response and cure rates of alarm treatment, following pretreatment with antimuscarinics and/or holding exercises aimed at increasing maximum volume voided in 149 children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prior trial the same 149 children had been randomized into 5 groups to assess ...
Takken Tim - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Juvenile dermatomyositis (DM) is an inflammatory myopathy in which the immune system targets the microvasculature of the skeletal muscle and skin, leading to significant muscle weakness and exercise intolerance, although the precise etiology is unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the changes in exercise capacity in ...
Robertson Robert J - - 2008
This investigation developed statistical models to estimate one repetition maximum (1 RM) muscular strength using submaximal ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) as predictor variables. Ten- to 14-year-old girls (n = 35) and boys (n = 35) performed two sets (10 repetitions) of biceps curl (BC) and knee extension (KE) exercise ...
Petrus Christopher - - 2008
The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence from studies examining the effect of exercise interventions on stereotypic behaviours in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Only exercise-related physical therapy (PT) interventions were included. A multifaceted search strategy identified studies published between 1980 and 2007. Quality was assessed ...
Orhan F - - 2008
We report the case of a 17-year-old boy who experienced 4 episodes of exercise-induced anaphylactic reaction after ingestion of lentil and 2 episodes of anaphylaxis following ingestion of chickpea. His medical history revealed that he had allergic rhinitis with positive results after skin prick tests (SPT) with mites. His SPTs ...
Tsao Sherry S Department of Physical Therapy, Virginia Commonwealth University-Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, VA - - 2008
To present the management of a patient with a cervical disc herniation and illustrate the efficacy of cervical traction as a main form of treatment for cervical disc herniation in conjunction with a home exercise program. A 71-year-old white female diagnosed with cervical disc herniation at the levels of C5-6 ...
Rosa Jaime S - - 2007
While acute changes in systemic pro-/antiinflammatory cytokines occur with exercise, individual kinetics during and following exercise remain unclear; particularly, information is scarce regarding children. This study investigated the exercise-induced kinetic profiles of major pro-/anti-inflammatory mediators in 21 healthy children (13.9 +/- 0.8 yr, 7 M/14 F). Exercise was 30 min ...
Davis Catherine L - - 2007
The study tested the effect of aerobic exercise training on executive function in overweight children. Ninety-four sedentary, overweight but otherwise healthy children (mean age = 9.2 years, body mass index 85th percentile) were randomized to a low-dose (20 min/day exercise), high-dose (40 min/day exercise), or control condition. Exercise sessions met ...
Lee S-Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As previous studies have shown that cysteinyl leukotrienes are important mediators in exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), and leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRAs) such as montelukast have been shown to improve post-exercise bronchoconstrictor responses, we herein investigated whether clinical responsiveness to montelukast was associated with polymorphisms in the genes encoding leukotriene C4 ...
Van Hoeck Koen J - - 2007
PURPOSE: We assessed prospectively the efficacy of holding exercises and/or antimuscarinics (oxybutynin chloride and placebo) for increasing maximum voided volume in prepubertal children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We randomly allocated 149 children to 5 groups, namely holding exercises with placebo (group A), holding exercises with oxybutynin (group ...
Chintala Kavitha - - 2008
Interpretation of change in exercise performance over time in children with repaired congenital heart disease is often hampered by poor effort that limits the maximum heart rate; this is often difficult to distinguish from chronotropic impairment, a common finding in these children. In an attempt to address this limitation, we ...
Fuks A B - - 2007
AIM: This was to assess the clinical performance of two different polymerization regimens of a non-rinse conditioning self/etching adhesive/sealant system (Adper Prompt-L-Pop, 3M ESPE) placed in recently erupted first permanent molars in two paediatric dental practices. METHODS: A total of 40 healthy 5 to 8 year old patients (20 from ...
Fanelli Adriana - - 2007
PURPOSE: Aerobic training has been shown to be effective in improving cardiopulmonary fitness in asthmatic children. However, the actual impact of physical training on clinical indicators of disease control remains controversial. METHODS: Thirty-eight children with moderate to severe persistent asthma were randomly assigned to control (N=17) and training (N=21) groups. ...
Hsieh Chia-Chang - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between serum eosinophil cationic protein levels and the severity of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in asthmatic children. The 48 asthmatic children were divided into exercise-induced bronchoconstriction group and non-exercise-induced bronchoconstriction group. In the exercise-induced bronchoconstriction group, the post-exercise serum eosinophil cationic ...
Reybrouck T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: With growing age, values for oxygen uptake decrease for the same level of exercise. However, some children with normal heart and normal maximal oxygen uptake complain of exertional fatigue. AIM: To evaluate the energy expenditure during submaximal treadmill exercise. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 20 children with exertional fatigue (mean ...
van Brussel M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with healthy controls, to determine if there were differences based on disease onset type, and to examine the relationship between aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity in children with JIA. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with JIA ...
Guimaraes-Filho Fabio - - 2007
Doppler echocardiography has been used for the diagnosis of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. However, few data are available that include asymptomatic children previously treated with a low cumulative dose of this drug and therefore have a low risk of cardiac dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate after-exercise cardiac function ...
Ziegler James W - - 2007
Transient exercise-related symptoms are common in children and adolescents and only rarely reflect underlying cardiac and pulmonary disease processes. Most symptoms occurring during exercise reflect changes related to normal exercise physiology, changes in level of competition, and musculoskeletal and developmental factors. A rational approach to screening for potentially life-threatening cardiac ...
Kelly Aaron S - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of exercise training on adipokines, inflammatory markers, and oxidative stress in overweight children. Nineteen overweight children were randomly assigned to an aerobic exercise training or sedentary control group for 8 weeks. Measurements included peak oxygen uptake (V o(2)max), body ...
Ciorba A - - 2007
Associations have been reported between gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and a variety of upper and lower respiratory tract conditions. Respiratory conditions and GER are common and would be expected to coexist in many patients. Whether there is a relationship between GER and these conditions, its nature still remain controversial, the data ...
Marinov Blagoi - - 2007
The aim of this article was to assess the oxygen-uptake efficiency slope (OUES) throughout the age span of 7 to 18 years. One hundred fourteen healthy children (58 boys and 56 girls) exercised on a treadmill by means of a modified Balke protocol. The OUES grew in a nonlinear pattern ...
Reynolds David - - 2007
This study reports the results of a long-term follow-up of an exercise-based approach to dyslexia-related disorders (Reynolds, Nicolson, & Hambly, Dyslexia, 2003; 9(1): 48-71). In the initial study, children at risk of dyslexia were identified in 3 years of a junior school. One half then undertook a 6 month, home-based ...
McMurray Robert G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Obesity modifies inflammatory mediators, but little is known about how obesity modifies the inflammatory responses of exercising children. This study assessed the acute effect of exercise on inflammatory mediators in overweight children. METHODS: Twenty-eight overweight (OW) youth (body mass index > 85%) and 30 normal-weight (NW) controls of the ...
Zaldivar Frank - - 2007
We tested the hypothesis that exercise could stimulate CD34+ peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells (PBSC) in children. Fourteen early pubertal boys (EP, age 10.3 +/- 0.3 y) and 13 late pubertal boys (LP, age 16.5 +/- 0.4 y) performed 20 min of moderate-to-vigorous cycle ergometer exercise. Blood was drawn before ...
Bär Gernot - - 2007
Analysis of the recovery period following physical exercise has gained importance in evaluating cardiopulmonary capacity, not only in athletes but also in patients with proven or suspected heart failure. The purpose of this study was to apply these methods to long-term survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in childhood, who ...
De Civita Mirella - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Health care providers in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) might refer to caregivers' self-report of children's treatment-related behaviors to assist in clinical decisions. However, caregivers may believe that they are adhering to treatment even though they have a different understanding of recommendations than that intended by the medical team. We ...
Takken T - - 2007
The objective of this study was to evaluate exercise capacity in children and adolescents diagnosed with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). We examined 20 patients (12 girls and 8 boys; mean age 14.9 +/- 3.7 years) diagnosed with CFS. Exercise capacity was measured using a maximal exercise test on a bicycle ...
Kaufman Christopher - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week aerobic-exercise training program on ventilatory threshold and ventilatory efficiency in overweight children. Twenty overweight children (BMI > 85th percentile) performed a graded cycle exercise test at baseline and were then randomly assigned to 8 weeks of stationary ...
Kato Yukihiko - - 2007
Ingesting certain foods sometimes triggers anaphylaxis when followed by exercise (food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis, FDEIA). Specific food-induced mucocutaneous urticaria may also progress to anaphylaxis (oral allergy syndrome, OAS). A positive skin test and/or radioallergosorbent test (RAST) to the foods suggest involvement of immunoglobulin (Ig)E-anaphylaxis in both disorders. The triggering foods and ...
Moheeb Hisham - - 2007
The current studies aimed at determining physical fitness indices and anthropometrics profiles of school children with sickle cell trait (SCT) and sickle cell disease (SCD). Male school children (150) comprising 3 Groups participated in the studies. Group 1 has 50 normal healthy controls, while Groups 2 and 3 each has ...
Newman Caren L - - 2007
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on childhood PTSD, depression, and anxiety. Fifteen participants, ages 14 to 17, who met DSM-IV Criteria for PTSD were recruited from an all female residential treatment center Participants engaged in an aerobic exercise program for 40 ...
Almeida Luis - - 2007
Eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) [(S)-(--)-10-acetoxy-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenz[b,f]azepine-5-carboxamide], formerly known as BIA 2-093, is a novel central nervous system (CNS)-active compound with anticonvulsant activity. It behaves as a voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) blocker and is currently under clinical development for the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. ESL shares with carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine the ...
Takken Tim - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study in children with achondroplasia the response to exercise and muscle strength compared with healthy peers and to describe the relation between exercise capacity, anthropometric factors, and physical activity. STUDY DESIGN: Patients (7 boys and 10 girls; mean age, 11.8 +/- 3.3 years) with achondroplasia performed a maximal ...
Gorbachev Anatoly L - - 2007
Endemic goitre is a primary pathology of thyroid gland and critical medico social problem in many countries. A dominant cause of endemic goitre is iodine deficiency. However, besides primary iodine deficiency, the goitre may probably develop due to effects of other bioelement imbalances, essential to thyroid function maintenance. Here we ...
Drummond Sandra - - 2007
The link between good nutrition, exercise and health is well established, but many people in the U.K. still do not follow the nationally recommended guidelines for either nutrition or exercise. The problem affects children and young people as well as adults and puts them at risk of several chronic diseases ...
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