Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 998
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Hill Liam - - 2010
to investigate whether increased physical exercise during the school day influenced subsequent cognitive performance in the classroom. a randomized, crossover-design trial (two weeks in duration) was conducted in six mainstream primary schools (1224 children aged 8-11y). No data on sex was available. Children received a teacher-directed, classroom-based programme of physical ...
Long Amy R - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review summarizes the existing knowledge about exercise therapy in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) along with activity level, functional abilities and exercise capacity of this population. RECENT FINDINGS: Current studies show that children with JIA are considerably less active than their peers. They ...
Bjelakovic Bojko - - 2010
Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) are common pediatric rhythm disorders requiring comprehensive laboratory evaluation. Although usually idiopathic, implying a benign character and favorable prognosis, the initial clinical approach is still not established in all cases. Considering their prognostic significance, exercise-induced (precipitated or aggravated) VAs usually require additional diagnostics, treatment, and follow-up. A ...
Hung Winnie W Y WW Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong - - 2010
To compare the effects of group-based and individual-based motor skill training on motor performance in children with developmental coordination disorder. Randomized controlled pilot intervention study. Twenty-three children (4 girls) with developmental coordination disorder (mean age (standard deviation (SD)) 8 years (1 year and 2 months)). Twelve children were randomly assigned ...
Katz-Leurer Michal M Sackler Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Professions, Physical Therapy Department, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. - - 2010
To measure heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) at rest and during exercise in children with post-severe traumatic brain injury as compared to age-matched typically-developed controls. Comparative study. Out-patient rehabilitation department. Twelve boys post-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) (aged 7-13 years) and 18 typically-developed (TD) boys matched for ...
Loureiro Nuno - - 2010
This study examines associations between perceptions of neighbourhood environment and physical activity and sports within Portuguese adolescents. The sample consisted of 4,877 individuals of both genders, with an average age of 14 years. The instrument used was the Health Behavior School-aged Children questionnaire. Perceptions of the neighbourhood being unsafe for ...
Bergmann P - - 2010
Mechanical loading is a major regulator of bone mass and geometry. The osteocytes network is considered the main sensor of loads, through the shear stress generated by strain induced fluid flow in the lacuno-canalicular system. Intracellular transduction implies several kinases and phosphorylation of the estrogen receptor. Several extra-cellular mediators, among ...
Takken Tim - - 2010
The role of exercise as a diagnostic or therapeutic tool in patients with a metabolic disease (MD) or neuromuscular disorder (NMD) is relatively underresearched. In this paper we describe the metabolic profiles during exercise in 13 children (9 boys, 4 girls, age 5-15 yrs) with a diagnosed MD or NMD. ...
Abe Takashi T Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo , Kashiwa, - - 2010
Concurrent improvements in aerobic capacity and muscle hypertrophy in response to a single mode of training have not been reported. We examined the effects of low-intensity cycle exercise training with and without blood flow restriction (BFR) on muscle size and maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max). A group of 19 young men ...
Bolgar Melinda R MR Jacksonville State University , Jacksonville, AL, - - 2010
The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of aerobic exercise intensity on components of the differentiated perceived exertion model in young women performing weight bearing and non-weight bearing aerobic exercise. Subjects were 18-25 yr old women who were recreationally active (n = 19; VO2max = 33.40 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) ...
Wallman Karen E KE School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia , Perth, Western - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of caffeine ingestion on total work, average power, oxygen consumption (VO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), heart rate (HR) and energy expenditure (kJ) during stationary cycling at a standardised power output, as well as during a ...
van Beek Elsje - - 2010
The exercise capacity of children after arterial switch for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is known to be at the lower limit of normal. We aimed to ascertain whether this results from compromised hemodynamics or deconditioning. A total of 17 children with TGA (12 male and 5 female children; ...
Rosa Jaime S - - 2010
Poor glycemic control in Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) causes long-term cardiovascular complications, at least in part via chronic, low-grade inflammation associated with recurrent hyperglycemia. While physical activity can reduce both inflammation and cardiovascular risks, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. This is particularly important for T1DM children, for whom the ...
Welsh Liam L Portex Unit: Respiratory Medicine and Physiology, UCL, Institute of Child Health, London, - - 2010
Evidence regarding exercise capacity and physical activity in children born extremely preterm (EP) is limited. Since survivors remain at high risk for developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and long-term pulmonary sequelae, reductions in exercise capacity and activity levels may be present. To compare maximal exercise ventilation characteristics and physical activity levels ...
Wolanczyk-Medrala Anna - - 2009
Increased in vitro basophil activation in buffers of slightly elevated osmolarity in 2 cases of food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis is presented. These data may suggest the importance of basophil activation degree in pathogenesis of this life threatening syndrome.
Matsukura S - - 2010
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been reported to enhance the symptoms of wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA). In contrast to many reports on WDEIA, there have been only a few reports of wheat-dependent aspirin-induced anaphylaxis not induced by the combination of wheat and exercise. Two patients with wheat-dependent ...
Limsuwan A - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the correlation between 6-min walk test (SMWT) and incremental treadmill exercise stress test (EST) as indicators for the functional capacity in children. METHODS: Healthy children aged 9-12 years were included. The anthropometric data, SMWT and EST were prospectively measured using the standard protocols. Various parameters were analysed ...
Walther Claudia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to examine whether additional school exercise lessons would result in improved peak oxygen uptake (primary end point) and body mass index-standard deviation score, motor and coordinative abilities, circulating progenitor cells, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (major secondary end points). METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Morita Eishin - - 2009
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a special form of food allergy where a food-intake alone does not induce any symptoms. However, allergic symptoms are elicited when triggering factors such as exercise or aspirin-intake are added after ingestion of the causative food. The most frequent causative foodstuff in Japan is wheat. ...
Schneider Stefan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to identify neurophysiological correlates for previously reported positive effects of exercise on academic achievement in school children using a distributed source localization algorithm. Electro-cortical activity of 11 school children (9-10y) was recorded before and after a moderate 15-min bike exercise. Data were analyzed using ...
Liem Robert I - - 2009
Although cardiopulmonary disease is associated with decreased functional capacity among adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), its impact on functional capacity in children with SCD is unknown. We evaluated 6-min walk (6MW) distance in 77 children and young adults with SCD undergoing screening for cardiopulmonary disease. Of 30 subjects who ...
Teo Shu-Lin - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is an uncommon and under-recognised syndrome that clinicians may not consider in a patient presenting with anaphylaxis. CLINICAL PICTURE: We describe here 5 patients aged 9 to 20 years old who presented at a local tertiary hospital over a 2-year period from August 2006 to ...
Takken T - - 2009
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in paediatric cardiology differs in many aspects from the tests performed in adult cardiology. Children's cardiovascular responses during exercise testing present different characteristics, particularly oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood pressure response, which are essential in interpreting haemodynamic data. Diseases that are associated with myocardial ischaemia ...
Akdur H?lyat - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to determine the normal cardiovascular responses of healthy Turkish children to exercise and to determine the reference values. Two hundred and eighty-four healthy children (115 girls, 169 boys) aged 5-14 were enrolled in the study. Exercise time (ET), workload that can be tolerated with ...
Takken T - - 2009
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in paediatric cardiology differs in many aspects from the tests as performed in adult cardiology. Children's cardiovascular responses during exercise testing present different characteristics, particularly oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood pressure response, which are essential in interpreting haemodynamic data. Diseases that are associated with myocardial ...
Möller Peter - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Outcome of staged palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome has improved over the past decades. However, only little is known about the exercise capacity of children with palliated hypoplastic left heart syndrome where a systemic right ventricle supports the systemic circulation. The aim of the study was to assess ...
Teoh Oon Hoe - - 2009
Exercise is an important aspect of health and development in children. By placing the pulmonary system under stress, exercise testing may reveal subtle dynamic abnormalities that are not apparent on conventional static pulmonary function tests. Furthermore, exercise testing assesses the functional impact of respiratory disease on children. Exercise testing has ...
Weisgerber Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Cooper 12-minute run/walk test (CT12) as a one-time estimate of cardiorespiratory fitness and marker of fitness change compared with treadmill fitness testing in young children with persistent asthma. DESIGN: A cohort of urban children with asthma participated in the asthma and exercise program and a subset completed ...
Kersten Elin T G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), a characteristic feature of asthma, can be assessed through standardized bronchial provocation tests (BPT). Exercise as a BPT is used in diagnosing and monitoring exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Recently a novel osmotic BPT has been developed, using dry powder mannitol. The aim of this study was ...
Katz-Leurer Michal M Alyn Hospital, Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center, Jerusalem, Israel. - - 2009
To evaluate the feasibility and the ability to recruit and retain children with severe traumatic brain injury or cerebral palsy, and their families, to a simple home-based exercise programme and to assess the immediate and short-term effects of such intervention on reducing impairment and improving function. Randomized clinical trial. Twenty ...
Pacharn Punchama - - 2009
Wheat is not an uncommon cause of food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis. This study aims to describe common clinical characteristics and laboratory manifestations of the disease. Five children, aged 8-14 years were evaluated. An atopic history was found in 20% of the patients. All patients had symptoms which involved the skin and ...
Inomata Naoko - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the diverse clinical manifestations of IgE-mediated allergy to ingested wheat and summarizes recent advances in characterization of clinically significant allergens and diagnostic workup. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent population-based studies have shown the prevalence of wheat allergy and sensitization more precisely than past studies among small ...
Sugimura Tetsu - - 2009
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) was prevented from recurring in 2 children by sodium cromoglycate (SCG) before intake of the causative food. CASE 1: A 14-year-old girl who had suffered recurrent symptoms of anaphylaxis when she exercised after lunch. Radioallergosorbent test (RAST) was 1.49 UA/mL for wheat. She was advised to ...
Pérez Margarita - - 2009
We investigated the phenomenon of second wind in four patients with McArdle's disease: a brother and sister (aged 4 and 12 years respectively) and two unrelated patients, a boy of 14 and a 17-year-old girl. We also studied the siblings' healthy 6-year-old sister. Each patient performed a 15-min exercise test ...
Das Bibhuti B - - 2009
Twenty-seven children (ages 8 to 18 years) who had a history of successful coarctation repair (mean transisthmic Doppler gradient [TI-D] <20 mmHg at rest) and had not received antihypertensive medications underwent echocardiogram at rest and immediately following peak exercise with a standard treadmill test. All were normotensive or had isolated ...
Armstrong Neil - - 2009
The pulmonary oxygen uptake (pVO2) kinetic response at the onset of exercise provides a noninvasive window into the metabolic activity of the muscle and a valuable means of increasing our understanding of developmental muscle metabolism. However, to date only limited research has been devoted to investigating the pVO2 kinetic response ...
Barczyk Katarzyna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There has been a growing interest in studies examining the importance of the aquatic environment in non-invasive treatment of scoliosis. The water environment is an important element in the correction of body posture abnormalities. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the influence of corrective exercises in a ...
Choi Ji Hoon - - 2009
Food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is the triggering of anaphylaxis after ingestion of certain foods when followed by physical exercise. Symptoms vary from the typical generalized urticaria to severe allergic reactions. We report the case of a 20-year-old woman who had a 7-year history of recurrent wheals and dyspnea after ingesting ...
van der Cammen-van Zijp M H M - - 2010
The Bruce treadmill protocol is suitable for children 4 years of age and older. Dutch reference values were established in 1987. We considered that children's exercise capacity has deteriorated due to changes in physical activity patterns and eating habits. We determined new reference values and evaluated determinants of exercise capacity. ...
Murphy Emily C-S - - 2009
Objective. To determine whether an exercise intervention using an active video game (Dance Dance Revolution [DDR]) is effective in improving endothelial dysfunction (EDF) and other risk factors in overweight children. Design. Thirty-five children (Body mass index >/= 85(th) percentile, mean age 10.21+/-1.67 years, 17 females) with EDF were assessed for ...
Moyer-Mileur Laurie J - - 2009
Altered nutrient intake and decreased exercise in response to cancer therapies and their side effects, particularly corticosteroids, may be key factors in the increased body weight and differences in physical fitness reported in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). To assess (1) the effect of a home-based nutrition and ...
Petty Karen H - - 2009
To test the dose-response effects of an exercise program on depressive symptoms and self-worth in children. Overweight, sedentary children (N = 207, 7-11 years, 58% male, 59% Black) were randomly assigned to low or high dose (20 or 40 min/day) aerobic exercise programs (13 +/- 1.6 weeks), or control group. ...
de Sousa G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the change of hemodynamic parameters in graded bicycle exercise testing in obese children before and after overweight reduction. METHODS: Forty-two obese children (mean age 11 years) and 40 healthy, lean children underwent graded bicycle exercise testing (1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 Watt/kg) recording the heart rate (HR) and ...
Rosa Jaime S - - 2009
Leukocytosis contributes to exercise-induced immune modulation, which is a mechanism of cardiovascular protection. However, this process is poorly defined in children. We therefore measured leukocytes in 45 healthy, 18 overweight, 16 type 1 diabetic, and 8 asthmatic children at pre, end-, and 30-min postexercise (30-min intermittent or 6-min continuous). In ...
Radtke Thomas - - 2009
PURPOSE: To review the most common field and laboratory exercise tests available for children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: Relevant studies for this review were identified by electronic search of Medline and PubMed databases between the years 1958 and 2008. The bibliographies of all accessed publications were also ...
Murphy Emily C-S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an exercise intervention using an active video game (Dance Dance Revolution [DDR]) is effective in improving endothelial dysfunction (EDF) and other risk factors in overweight children. DESIGN: Thirty-five children (Body mass index > or = 85(th) percentile, mean age 10.21+/-1.67 years, 17 females) with EDF were ...
Hutzal Carolyn E - - 2009
Children with arthritis face challenges when they try to increase their physical activity. The study's objective was to identify elements of a successful community-based exercise program for children with arthritis by investigating the perspectives of fitness instructors who led the program. This qualitative study used a phenomenological approach. Four fitness ...
Ploeger Hilde E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory diseases strike millions of people all over the world, and exercise is often prescribed for these patients to improve overall fitness and quality of life. In healthy individuals, acute and chronic exercise is known to alter inflammatory markers; however, less is known about these effects in patients ...
Kasahara Takashi - - 2009
Supraglottic swallow (SGS) is one of the swallowing maneuvers used to enhance safe bolus passage into the esophagus and to avoid aspiration into the trachea. We examined the efficacy of SGS as an indirect swallowing exercise by quantifying hyoid bone movements during SGS. Videofluorography was used to analyze SGS in ...
Vázquez Miguel Arturo Salazar - - 2009
Nonobese children age 10.4 +/- 1.1 years diagnosed with dyslipidemia (n = 51) were compared to normal children age 10.8 +/- 1.1 years (n = 38). Affected individuals had increased total cholesterol: 223 +/- 23 vs 152 +/- 17 mg/dl, p < 0.001; and decreased high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol: 41.9 +/- 4.1 ...
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