Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1015
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Lammers Astrid E - - 2011
To assess the relationship between 6-min walk test (6MWT) distance and variables of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Retrospective study. Tertiary hospital. Children with PAH. CPETs and 6MWTs. Correlations between variables of CPET and 6MWT distance. 41 exercise studies were included: 15 in children ...
Balas-Nakash Margie - - 2010
To assess the effects of two groups of exercise routines on cardiovascular disease risk markers. An intervention study was conducted with 319 Mexican school-aged children in which routines were implemented Monday through Friday for 12 weeks. Routine A was the reference group, with 20 min of less intense activity and ...
Kersten E T G - - 2010
SUMMARY RATIONALE: Asthma therapy should be stepped up or stepped down in response to changes in asthma control. However, there is little evidence available on the optimal timing, sequence, and degree of medication reductions. In this study we analyzed clinically stable asthmatic children who underwent a medication reduction from a ...
Funakoshi Yayoi - - 2011
Both genetic and lifestyle factors have been shown to influence bone mineral density (BMD). We investigated the correlations between BMD and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) A1330V (rs3736228) polymorphism, exercise, smoking, and alcohol intake in Japanese male workers. The subjects were 829 male employees (aged 20-59 years) of a ...
Wong G K Y - - 2010
The presentation of wheat dependent exercise induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) can be variable. A high index of clinical suspicion is required to initiate the investigation pathway. Double blind placebo controlled food-exercise challenge is the gold standard investigation but the practicality of this test limits its application. To critically analyse the symptoms ...
van der Cammen-van Zijp Monique H M - - 2010
Children with major anatomical congenital anomalies (CA) often need prolonged hospitalization with surgical interventions in the neonatal period and thereafter. Better intensive care treatment has reduced mortality rates, but at the cost of more morbidity. To study motor-function and exercise capacity in five-year-old children born with CA, and to determine ...
Robson-Ansley Paula - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to challenge the current opinions of the pathophysiological mechanisms that give rise to food dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) and to consider these mechanisms within the wider context of exercise physiology to further inform our understanding and treatment of this condition. RECENT ...
Budde Henning - - 2010
We investigated if 12 min of high-intensity exercise performed within a regular school break lead to an increase in cortisol levels in primary school students. 53 students of a 4th grade (9-10 years of age) were randomly assigned to an experimental (EG) and a control group (CG). Saliva collection took ...
Sauseng W - - 2011
Ghrelin is a peptide hormone, which plays an important role in appetite regulation. The effects of exercise on ghrelin plasma concentrations are still not clear, especially in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate the response of acylated and total ghrelin concentrations to controlled exercise in ...
Møller Niels C - - 2010
Raised blood pressure (BP) response during exercise independently predicts future hypertension. Subjects with higher BP in childhood also have elevated BP later in life. Therefore, the factors related to the regulation of exercise BP in children needs to be well understood. We hypothesized that physiological cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors ...
Barker Alan R - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that the muscle metabolic responses of 9- to 12-yr-old children and young adults during incremental quadriceps exercise are dependent on age and sex. METHODS: Fifteen boys, 18 girls, 8 men, and 8 women completed a quadriceps step-incremental test to exhaustion inside a magnetic resonance ...
Willcocks Rebecca J - - 2010
The aim of this investigation was to examine the adaptation of the muscle phosphates (e.g. phosphocreatine (PCr) and ADP) implicated in regulating oxidative phosphorylation, and oxygenation at the onset of high intensity exercise in children and adults. The hypotheses were threefold: primary PCr kinetics would be faster in children than ...
McEntire Serina J SJ Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, Texas, - - 2010
The authors have previously described thermoregulatory responses of severely burned children during submaximal exercise in a thermoneutral environment. However, the thermoregulatory response of burned children to exercise in the heat is not well understood and could have important safety implications for rehabilitation. Children (n = 10) with >40% TBSA burns ...
McBride Michael G - - 2010
Exercise performance in individuals with cystic fibrosis has been shown to be related to the extent of pulmonary dysfunction and undernutrition and genetic profile. The aim of this study was to examine these relationships in young children with cystic fibrosis. The participants were 64 children ages 8 to 11 years ...
Nemet Dan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the immediate effect of three different types of popular exercise activities on food intake and preferences in normal weight and overweight children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-four (22 overweight) age and gender matched, pre-pubertal children participated in four separate visits. All performed three typical, 45 min, aerobic, indoor ...
Leclair Erwan - - 2010
This study was designed to test the reproducibility of muscle oxygenation by NIRS in children during exercise. Twelve healthy non-obese and non-trained children performed one maximal graded test, and four 6-min constant load cycle exercises. Deoxy-hemoglobin (Hb/Mb- H+) data were averaged every 1, 5, 10, 20 and 30s. Hb/Mb- H+ ...
Jan Sheng-Ling - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: An aberrant subclavian artery (aSCA) is the most common congenital anomaly of the aortic arch. Most cases are asymptomatic and found incidentally.This study was conducted to estimate the occult exercise-induced oesophago-tracheal compression (EIETC) in children with isolated aSCA found by screening echocardiography. METHODS: A total of 42 asymptomatic children ...
Hill Liam - - 2010
to investigate whether increased physical exercise during the school day influenced subsequent cognitive performance in the classroom. a randomized, crossover-design trial (two weeks in duration) was conducted in six mainstream primary schools (1224 children aged 8-11y). No data on sex was available. Children received a teacher-directed, classroom-based programme of physical ...
Long Amy R - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review summarizes the existing knowledge about exercise therapy in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) along with activity level, functional abilities and exercise capacity of this population. RECENT FINDINGS: Current studies show that children with JIA are considerably less active than their peers. They ...
Bjelakovic Bojko - - 2010
Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) are common pediatric rhythm disorders requiring comprehensive laboratory evaluation. Although usually idiopathic, implying a benign character and favorable prognosis, the initial clinical approach is still not established in all cases. Considering their prognostic significance, exercise-induced (precipitated or aggravated) VAs usually require additional diagnostics, treatment, and follow-up. A ...
Hung Winnie W Y WW Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong - - 2010
To compare the effects of group-based and individual-based motor skill training on motor performance in children with developmental coordination disorder. Randomized controlled pilot intervention study. Twenty-three children (4 girls) with developmental coordination disorder (mean age (standard deviation (SD)) 8 years (1 year and 2 months)). Twelve children were randomly assigned ...
Katz-Leurer Michal M Sackler Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Professions, Physical Therapy Department, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. - - 2010
To measure heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) at rest and during exercise in children with post-severe traumatic brain injury as compared to age-matched typically-developed controls. Comparative study. Out-patient rehabilitation department. Twelve boys post-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) (aged 7-13 years) and 18 typically-developed (TD) boys matched for ...
Wallman Karen E KE School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia , Perth, Western - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of caffeine ingestion on total work, average power, oxygen consumption (VO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), heart rate (HR) and energy expenditure (kJ) during stationary cycling at a standardised power output, as well as during a ...
Takken Tim - - 2010
The role of exercise as a diagnostic or therapeutic tool in patients with a metabolic disease (MD) or neuromuscular disorder (NMD) is relatively underresearched. In this paper we describe the metabolic profiles during exercise in 13 children (9 boys, 4 girls, age 5-15 yrs) with a diagnosed MD or NMD. ...
Loureiro Nuno - - 2010
This study examines associations between perceptions of neighbourhood environment and physical activity and sports within Portuguese adolescents. The sample consisted of 4,877 individuals of both genders, with an average age of 14 years. The instrument used was the Health Behavior School-aged Children questionnaire. Perceptions of the neighbourhood being unsafe for ...
Bolgar Melinda R MR Jacksonville State University , Jacksonville, AL, - - 2010
The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of aerobic exercise intensity on components of the differentiated perceived exertion model in young women performing weight bearing and non-weight bearing aerobic exercise. Subjects were 18-25 yr old women who were recreationally active (n = 19; VO2max = 33.40 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) ...
Bergmann P - - 2010
Mechanical loading is a major regulator of bone mass and geometry. The osteocytes network is considered the main sensor of loads, through the shear stress generated by strain induced fluid flow in the lacuno-canalicular system. Intracellular transduction implies several kinases and phosphorylation of the estrogen receptor. Several extra-cellular mediators, among ...
Abe Takashi T Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo , Kashiwa, - - 2010
Concurrent improvements in aerobic capacity and muscle hypertrophy in response to a single mode of training have not been reported. We examined the effects of low-intensity cycle exercise training with and without blood flow restriction (BFR) on muscle size and maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max). A group of 19 young men ...
van Beek Elsje - - 2010
The exercise capacity of children after arterial switch for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is known to be at the lower limit of normal. We aimed to ascertain whether this results from compromised hemodynamics or deconditioning. A total of 17 children with TGA (12 male and 5 female children; ...
Rosa Jaime S - - 2010
Poor glycemic control in Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) causes long-term cardiovascular complications, at least in part via chronic, low-grade inflammation associated with recurrent hyperglycemia. While physical activity can reduce both inflammation and cardiovascular risks, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. This is particularly important for T1DM children, for whom the ...
Welsh Liam L Portex Unit: Respiratory Medicine and Physiology, UCL, Institute of Child Health, London, - - 2010
Evidence regarding exercise capacity and physical activity in children born extremely preterm (EP) is limited. Since survivors remain at high risk for developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and long-term pulmonary sequelae, reductions in exercise capacity and activity levels may be present. To compare maximal exercise ventilation characteristics and physical activity levels ...
Wolanczyk-Medrala Anna - - 2009
Increased in vitro basophil activation in buffers of slightly elevated osmolarity in 2 cases of food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis is presented. These data may suggest the importance of basophil activation degree in pathogenesis of this life threatening syndrome.
Matsukura S - - 2010
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been reported to enhance the symptoms of wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA). In contrast to many reports on WDEIA, there have been only a few reports of wheat-dependent aspirin-induced anaphylaxis not induced by the combination of wheat and exercise. Two patients with wheat-dependent ...
Limsuwan A - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the correlation between 6-min walk test (SMWT) and incremental treadmill exercise stress test (EST) as indicators for the functional capacity in children. METHODS: Healthy children aged 9-12 years were included. The anthropometric data, SMWT and EST were prospectively measured using the standard protocols. Various parameters were analysed ...
Walther Claudia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to examine whether additional school exercise lessons would result in improved peak oxygen uptake (primary end point) and body mass index-standard deviation score, motor and coordinative abilities, circulating progenitor cells, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (major secondary end points). METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Morita Eishin - - 2009
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a special form of food allergy where a food-intake alone does not induce any symptoms. However, allergic symptoms are elicited when triggering factors such as exercise or aspirin-intake are added after ingestion of the causative food. The most frequent causative foodstuff in Japan is wheat. ...
Schneider Stefan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to identify neurophysiological correlates for previously reported positive effects of exercise on academic achievement in school children using a distributed source localization algorithm. Electro-cortical activity of 11 school children (9-10y) was recorded before and after a moderate 15-min bike exercise. Data were analyzed using ...
Takken T - - 2009
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in paediatric cardiology differs in many aspects from the tests performed in adult cardiology. Children's cardiovascular responses during exercise testing present different characteristics, particularly oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood pressure response, which are essential in interpreting haemodynamic data. Diseases that are associated with myocardial ischaemia ...
Teo Shu-Lin - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is an uncommon and under-recognised syndrome that clinicians may not consider in a patient presenting with anaphylaxis. CLINICAL PICTURE: We describe here 5 patients aged 9 to 20 years old who presented at a local tertiary hospital over a 2-year period from August 2006 to ...
Liem Robert I - - 2009
Although cardiopulmonary disease is associated with decreased functional capacity among adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), its impact on functional capacity in children with SCD is unknown. We evaluated 6-min walk (6MW) distance in 77 children and young adults with SCD undergoing screening for cardiopulmonary disease. Of 30 subjects who ...
Takken T - - 2009
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in paediatric cardiology differs in many aspects from the tests as performed in adult cardiology. Children's cardiovascular responses during exercise testing present different characteristics, particularly oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood pressure response, which are essential in interpreting haemodynamic data. Diseases that are associated with myocardial ...
Akdur H?lyat - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to determine the normal cardiovascular responses of healthy Turkish children to exercise and to determine the reference values. Two hundred and eighty-four healthy children (115 girls, 169 boys) aged 5-14 were enrolled in the study. Exercise time (ET), workload that can be tolerated with ...
Möller Peter - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Outcome of staged palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome has improved over the past decades. However, only little is known about the exercise capacity of children with palliated hypoplastic left heart syndrome where a systemic right ventricle supports the systemic circulation. The aim of the study was to assess ...
Teoh Oon Hoe - - 2009
Exercise is an important aspect of health and development in children. By placing the pulmonary system under stress, exercise testing may reveal subtle dynamic abnormalities that are not apparent on conventional static pulmonary function tests. Furthermore, exercise testing assesses the functional impact of respiratory disease on children. Exercise testing has ...
Kersten Elin T G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), a characteristic feature of asthma, can be assessed through standardized bronchial provocation tests (BPT). Exercise as a BPT is used in diagnosing and monitoring exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Recently a novel osmotic BPT has been developed, using dry powder mannitol. The aim of this study was ...
Weisgerber Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Cooper 12-minute run/walk test (CT12) as a one-time estimate of cardiorespiratory fitness and marker of fitness change compared with treadmill fitness testing in young children with persistent asthma. DESIGN: A cohort of urban children with asthma participated in the asthma and exercise program and a subset completed ...
Katz-Leurer Michal M Alyn Hospital, Pediatric and Adolescent Rehabilitation Center, Jerusalem, Israel. - - 2009
To evaluate the feasibility and the ability to recruit and retain children with severe traumatic brain injury or cerebral palsy, and their families, to a simple home-based exercise programme and to assess the immediate and short-term effects of such intervention on reducing impairment and improving function. Randomized clinical trial. Twenty ...
Inomata Naoko - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the diverse clinical manifestations of IgE-mediated allergy to ingested wheat and summarizes recent advances in characterization of clinically significant allergens and diagnostic workup. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent population-based studies have shown the prevalence of wheat allergy and sensitization more precisely than past studies among small ...
Pacharn Punchama - - 2009
Wheat is not an uncommon cause of food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis. This study aims to describe common clinical characteristics and laboratory manifestations of the disease. Five children, aged 8-14 years were evaluated. An atopic history was found in 20% of the patients. All patients had symptoms which involved the skin and ...
Sugimura Tetsu - - 2009
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) was prevented from recurring in 2 children by sodium cromoglycate (SCG) before intake of the causative food. CASE 1: A 14-year-old girl who had suffered recurrent symptoms of anaphylaxis when she exercised after lunch. Radioallergosorbent test (RAST) was 1.49 UA/mL for wheat. She was advised to ...
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