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Zhang Yang Y Chinese Badminton Association, Zhejiang Jiaxing Branch, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although ergogenic, acute caffeine ingestion may increase urine volume, prompting concerns about fluid balance during exercise and sport events. This meta-analysis evaluated caffeine induced diuresis in adults during rest and exercise. Meta-analysis. A search of three databases was completed on November 1, 2013. Only studies that involved healthy adults and ...
Chou Chen-Liang CL Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: - - 2014
A delayed decrease in heart rate recovery (HRR) following a maximal exercise test is a predictor of mortality in healthy adults and in those referred for diagnostic testing evaluation. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has been proven to be beneficial in the treatment of numerous diseases. The purpose of this retrospective study ...
Snijders Tim T Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Skeletal muscle satellite cells (SCs) have been shown to be instrumental in the muscle adaptive response to exercise. The present study determines age-related differences in SC content and activation status following a single bout of exercise. Ten young (22 ± 1 years) and 10 elderly (73 ± 1 years) men performed a single bout of resistance-type ...
Gehlert Sebastian S Institute of Cardiology and Sports Medicine, Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany, - - 2014
How force development and time under tension (TUT) during resistance exercise (RE) influence anabolic signalling of skeletal muscle is incompletely understood. We hypothesized that high force development during RE is more important for post-exercise-induced signalling than submaximal and fatiguing RE with lower force development but similar TUT. Twenty-two male subjects ...
Sheedy John R JR a Department of Medicine, NorthWest Academic Centre, Sunshine Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Furlong Road, St Albans, Victoria, Australia, - - 2014
The musculoskeletal benefits of calcium and vitamin-D3 supplementation and exercise have been extensively studied, but the effect on metabolism remains contentious. Urine samples were analyzed by (1)H-NMR spectroscopy from participants recruited for an 18-month, randomized controlled trial of a multi-component exercise program and calcium and vitamin-D3 fortified milk consumption. It ...
Freire Ivna V IV Human Genetics Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, State University of Southwest Bahia, - - 2014
The association of ACE I/D polymorphism and hemodynamic response to exercise have been limited to primarily aerobic exercises. We hypothesized that D allele carriers would show greater hemodynamic response to resistance exercise, as has been observed with aerobic. This study aimed to investigate the association of ACE I/D polymorphism and ...
Gathercole Rob J RJ 1University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada. 2Canadian Sport Institute Pacific, Victoria, BC, - - 2014
Countermovement jump performance was examined in response to acute neuromuscular (NM) fatigue (study I) and chronic training (study II) in elite snowboard cross (SBX) athletes, through both typical (CMJ-TYP) and alternative (CMJ-ALT) CMJ variables. Seven (4M & 3F) elite (Olympic-level) SBX athletes participated in study I, and five of the ...
Gaeini A A AA Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences,University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran - - - 2014
Rate-- pressure product (RPP) is an indirect index of myocardial oxygen consumption of patients with coronary artery disease. Effects of aerobic continuous and interval exercise training on RPP in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery was examined in this study. Thirty male patients after CABG surgery were divided ...
Stone Audrey J AJ Heart and Vascular Institute, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies found that prostaglandins in skeletal muscle play a role in evoking the exercise pressor reflex; however the role played by prostaglandins in the spinal transmission of the reflex is not known. We determined, therefore, whether or not spinal blockade of cyclooxygenase (COX) activity and/or spinal blockade of endoperoxide ...
Pinto Bernardine M BM Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital and W. Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode - - 2014
Exercise maintenance after completing phase II cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is challenging for many patients. A telephone-based maintenance intervention improved exercise participation compared with a control group at 12 months post-CR discharge. We examined the 6-month mediators of intervention effects on exercise. In a randomized controlled trial, 130 patients who had ...
Gu Qi Q School of Physical Education, Xi'an Technological University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is well known that exercise alleviates aortic remodeling and preserves endothelial function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components in exercise-induced attenuation of aortic remodeling and improvement of endothelial function in an ...
Madden Dennis D Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Soltanska 2, 21000, Split, - - 2014
Venous gas emboli (VGE) have traditionally served as a marker for decompression stress after SCUBA diving and a reduction in bubble loads is a target for precondition procedures. However, VGE can be observed in large quantities with no negative clinical consequences. The effect of exercise before diving on VGE has ...
Lancioni Giulio E GE University of Bari, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Three microswitch-aided programs were assessed in three single-case studies to enhance physical exercise or ambulation in participants with multiple disabilities. Study I was aimed at helping a woman who tended to have the head bending forward and the arms down to exercise a combination of appropriate head and arms movements. ...
Morissette Marc P MP University of - - 2014
The regulatory role of AMPKα2 on SERCA1a and SERCA2a in different skeletal muscle fiber types has yet to be elucidated. Sedentary (Sed) or exercise (Ex) trained wild-type (WT) and AMPKα2-kinase dead (KD) transgenic mice, which overexpress a mutated and inactivated AMPKα2 subunit, were utilized to characterize how genotype or exercise ...
Gkaliagkousi Eugenia E 2nd Propedeutic Department of Internal Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
This study investigates arterial stiffness changes after acute exercise in young patients with untreated, recently diagnosed grade I essential hypertension (UH) compared with normotensive (NT) individuals and the effect of antihypertensive treatment on this phenomenon. Study 1 consisted of 25 UH and 15 NT patients. UH patients who received treatment ...
Tartibian Bakhtyar B Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Urmia University, Urmia, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to characterize the role of aerobic exercise in the gene expression of the angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) and the β2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) in untrained men. Twenty untrained middle-aged men were randomly assigned to exercise (Ex) and control (Con) groups. The Ex group performed aerobic ...
Zucker Irving H IH *Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, - - 2014
CHF (chronic heart failure) is a multifactorial disease process that is characterized by overactivation of the RAAS (renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system) and the sympathetic nervous system. Both of these systems are chronically activated in CHF. The RAAS consists of an excitatory arm involving AngII (angiotensin II), ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) and the AT1R ...
Brown Justin C JC University of Pennsylvania, Center for Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Clinical guidelines recommend oncologists prescribe exercise to their patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). However, 84% of oncologists do not prescribe exercise citing concerns of safety and feasibility. Data are inadequate regarding the proportion of CRC survivors that could be safely prescribed the dose of exercise recommended by the American College ...
Taylor Rod S RS Institute of Health Research, Exeter Medical School, University of Exeter, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with chronic heart failure (HF) experience a marked reduction in their exercise capacity, health-related quality of life, and life expectancy. Despite substantive evidence supporting exercise training in HF, uncertainties remain in the interpretation and understanding of this evidence base. Clinicians and healthcare providers seek definitive estimates of impact on ...
Somineni Hari K HK Departments of Pharmacology and Toxicology Pathology, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45220, - - 2014
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is involved in induction and progression of renal damage in diabetes. Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is highly expressed in the kidney and has been shown to be renoprotective by degrading Ang II to Ang-(1-7). A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17)-mediated shedding of renal ACE2 contribute ...
Gu Ying Li YL Department of Neurology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China - - 2014
Though the evidence demonstrated that voluntary exercise programs could be implemented to enhance recovery of cognitive function induced by traumatic brain injury (TBI), the exact mechanisms were still not known. We proposed that the cognitive improvement induced by exercise in TBI mice is associated with cytochrome c oxidase (COX). To ...
Hill Mathew W MW a Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, School of Health , University of Northampton , Northampton , - - 2014
Abstract This study aimed to determine whether arm crank ergometry (ACE) disturbed postural sway to the same extent as cycle ergometry (CE). Nine healthy, none specifically trained adults undertook posturographic tests before and after five separate exercise trials consisting of: two incremental exercise tests to exhaustion for ACE and CE ...
Shepherd Sam O SO 1 Liverpool John Moores University, United - - 2014
Recent in vitro and in vivo experimental observations suggest that improvements in insulin sensitivity following endurance training are mechanistically linked to increases in muscle oxidative capacity, intramuscular triglyceride (IMTG) utilization during endurance exercise and increases in the content of the lipid droplet-associated perilipin-2 (PLIN2) and PLIN5. This study investigated the ...
Ribeiro Mônica Medeiros MM 1 Department of Photography, Theatre and Cinema, School of Fine - - 2014
Summary.-This study assessed the effect of the Body Rhythmics (BRIM) on actors' attentional processes. BRIM is a combination of exercises using numbers and rules that enact musical parameters in the moving body through displacements. Male actors (N = 22) participated in the study: 7 in the BRIM (Study) group and ...
Gavriilaki E E 3rd Department of Internal Medicine, Papageorgiou Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Essential hypertension (EH) is characterised by increased thrombotic tendency and impaired fibrinolytic activity. However, exercise-induced changes in coagulation and fibrinolysis have not yet been clarified. We aimed at determining thrombotic and fibrinolytic activity during exercise in patients with EH pre and post treatment with an Angiotensin II receptor blocker. Study ...
Hall Eric E EE 1 Department of Exercise Science, Elon University 2 Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 3 Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State - - 2014
Performance in fitness tests could depend on factors beyond the bioenergetic and skeletomuscular systems, such as individual differences in preference for and tolerance of different levels of exercise-induced somatosensory stimulation. Although such individual-difference variables could play a role in exercise testing and prescription, they have been understudied. The purpose of ...
Niewinski Piotr P Department of Cardiology, Centre for Heart Diseases, 4th Military Hospital, Ul. Weigla 5, 50-981, Wroclaw, Poland, - - 2014
Enhanced peripheral chemosensitivity (PChS) is a common finding in congestive heart failure (CHF). Although initially it may be regarded as a compensatory mechanism to maintain adequate oxygenation and tissue perfusion, importantly it also contributes to disease progression. The magnitude of PChS is related to the severity of CHF but does ...
Ørngreen Mette Cathrine MC From the Neuromuscular Clinic and Research Unit (M.C.Ø, K.L.M., N.P., G.A., J.V.), Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; and Centre de Référence de pathologie neuromusculaire Paris-Est (P.L.), Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, - - 2014
To assess whether bezafibrate increases fatty acid oxidation (FAO) and lowers heart rate (HR) during exercise in patients with carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) II and very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiencies. This was a 3-month, randomized, double-blind, crossover study of bezafibrate in patients with CPT II (n = 5) and VLCAD ...
Buford Thomas W TW University of - - 2014
To date, physical exercise is the only intervention consistently demonstrated to attenuate age-related declines in physical function. However, variability exists in seniors' responsiveness to training. One potential source of variability is the insertion (I allele) or deletion (D allele) of a 287 bp fragment in intron 16 of the angiotensin-converting ...
Deligiannis Asterios P AP Laboratory of Sports Medicine, Sports Medicine Division of TEFAA, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Cardiovascular pre-participation screening (PPS) is recommended for the identification of athletes at risk for sudden cardiac death. However, there is currently no universally accepted screening protocol. Two distinct PPS strategies were studied in a large cohort of Greek athletes (5 to 39 years old): PPS I, with routine 12-lead ECG ...
Farzad Maryam M Department of Occupational Therapy, The University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Evin, Tehran, - - 2014
Purpose: The rehabilitation program after flexor tendon repair of zone II laceration varies. We designed a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial of controlled passive mobilization (modified Kleinert) vs. Place and active hold exercises after zone 2-flexor tendon repair by two-strand suture (Modified kessler). Methods: Sixty-four fingers in 54 patients with zone ...
Gomes-Santos Igor Lucas IL Heart Institute (InCor-HCFMUSP), University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, - - 2014
Accumulated evidence shows that the ACE-AngII-AT1 axis of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is markedly activated in chronic heart failure (CHF). Recent studies provide information that Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7), a metabolite of AngII, counteracts the effects of AngII. However, this balance between AngII and Ang-(1-7) is still little understood in CHF. We ...
da Cunha Maira J MJ Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, ICBS, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2600-Anexo, Porto Alegre, RS, CEP 90035-003, - - 2013
In the present study we investigated the effects of lung injury on energy metabolism (succinate dehydrogenase, complex II, cytochrome c oxidase, and ATP levels), respiratory mechanics (dynamic and static compliance, elastance and respiratory system resistance) in the lungs of rats, as well as on phospholipids in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. The ...
Speer Andrew B - - 2013
This research examines the relationship between the construct and criterion-related validity of assessment centers (ACs) based on how convergence of dimension ratings across AC exercises affects their ability to predict managerial performance. According to traditional multitrait-multimethod perspective, a high degree of convergence represents more reliable measurement and has the potential ...
Kabitz Hans-Joachim HJ Department of Pneumology, University Hospital Freiburg, Killianstrasse 5, 79106, Freiburg, Germany, - - 2013
Increased dyspnea and reduced exercise capacity in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can be partly attributed to impaired respiratory muscle function. This prospective study was designed to assess the impact of exercise and respiratory training on respiratory muscle strength and 6-min walking distance (6MWD) in PAH patients. Patients with invasively confirmed ...
Pereira Ana - - 2013
We studied the influence of the ACE I/D and ACTN3 R577X polymorphisms (single or combined) on lower-extremity function in older women in response to high-speed power training. One hundred and thirty-nine healthy older Caucasian women participated in this study (age: 65.5 +/- 8.2 years, body mass: 67.0 +/- 10.0 kg ...
Marques-Neto Silvio Rodrigues - - 2013
Myocardial tolerance to ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is improved by exercise training, but this cardioprotection is impaired by the chronic use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). The present study evaluated whether blockade of angiotensin II receptor (AT1-R) with losartan and aldosterone receptor (mineralocorticoid receptor, MR) with spironolactone could prevent the deleterious ...
Bertagnolli Mariane - - 2013
Low angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)) concentration is observed in some cardiovascular diseases and exercise training seems to restore its concentration in the heart. Recently, a novel formulation of an orally active Ang-(1-7) included in Hydroxypropyl-beta cyclodextrin (HPB-CD) was developed and chronically administered in experimental models of cardiovascular diseases. The present study examined ...
Correia Ana Sofia - - 2013
Despite successful repair of aortic coarctation (AC), systemic hypertension (HTN) can persist in a significant percentage of patients. Exercise-induced HTN is also common in these patients, although its clinical significance is still unclear. In this study we aimed to assess the prevalence of exercise-induced HTN in adult patients with repaired ...
Brisby H - - 2013
Background: Moderate exercise regimens have shown minor positive effects on matrix turnover in articular cartilage (AC), while effects at cellular level, e.g. proliferation, are scarcely described. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of moderate exercise on cell proliferation and recruitment of cells possibly active in ...
Sumukadas Deepa - - 2013
Loss of muscle mass and strength with ageing is a major cause for falls, disability, and morbidity in older people. Previous studies have found that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) may improve physical function in older people. It is unclear whether ACEi provide additional benefit when added to a standard exercise ...
Genest Dominique S - - 2013
Gestational hypertensive disorders, such as preeclampsia, affect 6% to 8% of all pregnancies in North America, and they are the leading cause of maternal mortality in industrialized countries, accounting for 16% of deaths. Women with hypertension have an increased risk (15% to 25%) of developing preeclampsia. Our aim was to ...
Leite Laura H R - - 2013
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) consists of a complex enzyme-peptide system, which, besides from functioning as a circulating endocrine system, is also intrinsic in many organs and tissues, including the brain. Although the RAS generates a family of biological active peptides, angiotensin II (Ang II) is still considered one of its ...
Ro┼ču Mihaela Oana - - 2013
The optimal management of ankylosis spondylitis (AS) involves a combination of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment aiming to maximize health-related quality of life. The primary objective of our study was to demonstrate the benefits of an original multimodal exercise program combining Pilates, McKenzie and Heckscher techniques on pulmonary function in patients ...
Barker Alan R AR Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX1 2LU, - - 2014
This study used priming exercise in young boys to investigate (i) how muscle oxygen delivery and oxygen utilization, and muscle activity modulate oxygen uptake kinetics during exercise; and (ii) whether the accelerated oxygen uptake kinetics following priming exercise can improve exercise tolerance. Seven boys that were aged 11.3 ± 1.6 ...
Iliou Marie-Christine - - 2013
Data on the safety of exercise training after coronary stenting are scarce. This is a prospective cohort study of 3132 patients with coronary stenting within the last 12 months, recruited by 44 cardiac rehabilitation centres; patients were included in a cardiac rehabilitation programme with training sessions 3-5 days a week. ...
Wu X-D - - 2013
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-tumor necrosis factor receptor 6 (TRAF6) signaling is activated in atherosclerosis (AS), inducing inflammatory mediators. Because miR-146a, a TLR4 microRNA (miRNA), can regulate TLR4 signaling during inflammatory responses, this study investigated the effects of aerobic exercise on TLR4-targeted miRNAs in AS. Apolipoprotein E-null mice fed a high-fat ...
Johnson Margaret L - - 2013
The initial version of Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT I) consisted of a single exercise. This study sought to evaluate the feasibility for future trials of an expanded and restructured protocol designed to increase the efficacy of CIAT. The subjects were four native English-speakers with chronic stroke who exhibited characteristics of ...
Kortianou E A - - 2013
We investigated whether activity monitoring reliably reflects variations in oxygen transport and utilization during walking in COPD patients. Forty two patients (14 in each GOLD stage II, III and IV) performed an incremental treadmill protocol to the limit of tolerance. Breath-by-breath gas exchange, central hemodynamic variables and activity monitoring were ...
Martina Jerson - - 2013
Patients on continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (cf-LVADs) are able to return to an active lifestyle and perform all sorts of physical activities. This study aims to evaluate exercise hemodynamics in patients with a HeartMate II cf-LVAD (HM II). Thirty (30) patients underwent a bicycle exercise test. Along with ...
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