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O Brien Jane A - - 2014
Exercise and adequate self-management capacity may be important strategies in the management of venous leg ulcers. However, it remains unclear if exercise improves the healing rates of venous leg ulcers and if a self-management exercise program based on self-efficacy theory is well adhered to.Method/design: This is a randomised controlled in ...
O'Brien J J MApplSci (Research) PhD Candidate;, Queensland University of Technology 60 Musk Ave Kelvin Grove 4559 - - 2014
Exercise has the potential to offer a range of health benefits in addition to improving healing outcomes for people with venous leg ulcers (VLUs). However, despite evidence-based recommendations, most of these individuals do not engage in regular exercise. The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of the ...
Richard Sébastien - - 2014
BackgroundReports of occurrence of deep vein thrombosis during intensive sport are scarce. While a few cases have been described in the cerebral territory, these are only in the context of traumatism or anabolic agent consumption. Thus, causality with exercise remains uncertain and the mechanisms hypothetic. We present the case of ...
- - 2014
SCIENTISTS ARE examining whether exercise can improve outcomes for patients with chronic venous leg ulcers.
Boaventura Gabriel - - 2013
The inhibition of maternal prolactin production in late-lactation leads to metabolic syndrome and hypothyroidism in adult offspring. Physical training is a therapeutic strategy that could prevent or reverse this condition. We evaluated the effects of a short-duration low-intensity running wheel training program on the metabolic and hormonal alterations in rats. ...
Berney Sue - - 2012
BackgroundSurvivors of critical illness can experience long standing functional limitation that negatively impacts their health related quality of life. To date no model of rehabilitation has demonstrated sustained improvements in physical function for survivors of critical illness beyond hospital discharge.ObjectivesThe aims of this study are to describe a model of ...
Schommer Kai - - 2012
Altitudes at which athletes compete or train do usually not exceed 2000-2500 m. At these moderate altitudes acute mountain sickness (AMS) is mild, transient and affects at the most 25% of a tourist population at risk. Unpublished data included in this review paper demonstrate that more intense physical activity associated with ...
Carvalho Vitor Oliveira - - 2012
Aerobic exercise training is a well-established nonpharmacological tool in patients with clinically stable chronic heart failure. In recent years, β-blocker therapy has become a primary pharmacologic intervention in patients with chronic heart failure. Despite the undeniable improvements in patients, the β-blocker era has aroused uncertainties about aerobic exercise intensity prescription. ...
Barrett Bruce - - 2012
This study was designed to evaluate potential preventive effects of meditation or exercise on incidence, duration, and severity of acute respiratory infection (ARI) illness. Community-recruited adults aged 50 years and older were randomized to 1 of 3 study groups: 8-week training in mindfulness meditation, matched 8-week training in moderate-intensity sustained ...
Connolly Bronwen - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Although clinical trials have shown benefit from early rehabilitation within the ICU, rehabilitation of patients following critical illness is increasingly acknowledged as an area of clinical importance. However, despite recommendations from published guidelines for rehabilitation to continue following hospital discharge, there is limited evidence to underpin practice during this ...
McLaughlin Teresa Money - - 2012
Preventing patients with cancer from falling is a particularly important strategy for avoiding serious patient harm. Patients with cancer often fall as a result of overestimating their abilities as they adapt to the onset of fatigue and diminished functional status or muscle strength. That deconditioning can develop quickly with immobilization ...
Alison Jennifer A - - 2012
Objectives.To evaluate, in survivors of a critical illness: 1) the repeatability of the 6MWT performed at home; 2) the effect on estimates of change in functional exercise capacity if only one 6MWT was performed at follow-up assessments; 3) the relationship between physical functioning (PF) score of the SF-36 and the ...
Hillman C M - - 2012
The influence of body composition and peripheral muscle strength on 6-minute walk distance was assessed by performing dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning, spirometry and dynamometry testing in 13 men and 13 women with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Multivariate modelling showed that 76% of the variance in 6-minute walk distance ...
Lu J - - 2012
Exercise is recognized as an activator to elicit an inflammatory response whilst moxibustion in traditional Chinese medicine has been previously found to modulate immune functioning. However, whether moxibustion can alleviate the inflammatory cytokines response to chronic exhaustive exercise remains unknown. In the present study, rats were randomly assigned to a ...
Fialho Paloma Hargreaves - - 2012
Despite all efforts to restrict its transmission, Chagas' disease remains a severe public health problem in Latin America, affecting 8-12 million individuals. Chronic Chagas' heart disease, the chief factor in the high mortality rate associated with the illness, affects more than half a million Brazilians. Its evolution may result in ...
- - 2012
From 1999 through 2011, there were 1,329 incident diagnoses of exertional hyponatremia among active component members. In 2011, there were more incident cases (n=183) than in any other year of the period and more than three-times as many cases as in 1999 (n=57). Crude incidence rates of exertional hyponatremia were ...
Kahanov Leamor - - 2012
To describe a case of exertional rhabdomyolysis in a collegiate American football player after preventive coldwater immersion. A healthy man (19 years old) participated in full-contact football practice followed by conditioning (2.5 hours). After practice, he entered a coach-mandated postpractice cold-water immersion and had no signs of heat illness before ...
Pinto A - - 2012
It is well established that physically fit individuals have a reduced risk of developing CVD (cardiovascular disease) and other age-related chronic disorders [21]. Regular exercise is an established therapeutic intervention with an enormous range of benefits. Chronic low-grade systemic inflammation may be involved in atherosclerosis, diabetes and in pathogenesis of ...
Groepenhoff H - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Chronic mountain sickness is characterized by a combination of excessive erythrocytosis, severe hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension, all of which affect exercise capacity. METHODS:Thirteen chronic mountain sickness patients and 15 healthy highlander and 15 newcomer lowlander controls were investigated at an altitude of 4350m (Cerro de Pasco). All of them ...
Van Oosterwijck Jessica - - 2012
A controlled experimental study was performed to examine the efficacy of the endogenous pain inhibitory systems and whether this (mal)functioning is associated with symptom increases following exercise in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). In addition, 2 types of exercise were compared. Twenty-two women with chronic WAD and 22 healthy ...
Janse Van Rensburg Kate - - 2012
RATIONALE: Smokers show heightened activation toward smoking-related stimuli and experience increased cravings which can precipitate smoking cessation relapse. Exercise can be effective for modulating cigarette cravings and attenuating reactivity to smoking cues, but the mechanism by which these effects occur remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to ...
Somboonwong Juraiporn - - 2012
This study aimed to determine thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses as well as the occurrence of heat illness in children exercising outdoors in physical education class under hot and humid climate. Little information regarding this issue under real-life situation is available, especially in the Southeast Asia. Analytical, prospective descriptive study. A ...
Ussher Michael H MH Division of PopulationHealth Sciences and Education, StGeorge’s,University of London,CranmerTerrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK. - - 2012
Taking regular exercise may help people give up smoking by moderating nicotine withdrawal and cravings, and by helping to manage weight gain. To determine whether exercise-based interventions alone, or combined with a smoking cessation programme, are more effective than a smoking cessation intervention alone. In July 2011, we searched the ...
Asthana Asha A University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, 53792, - - 2012
The long-term effects of smoking and smoking cessation on markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prognosis obtained during treadmill stress testing (TST) are unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of smoking cessation and continued smoking on TST parameters that predict CVD risk. In a prospective, ...
Ask Helga - - 2011
Spouses tend to have similar lifestyles. We explored the degree to which spouse similarity in alcohol use, smoking, and physical exercise is caused by non-random mating or convergence. We used data collected for the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study from 1984 to 1986 and prospective registry information about when and with whom ...
Elibero Andrea - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have examined the effects of physical activity on craving to smoke and smoking withdrawal. The current study was designed to compare and contrast the effects of 2 different forms of physical activity on general and cue-elicited craving to smoke. METHODS: Following 1-hr nicotine abstinence, 76 daily smokers ...
Berg Carla J - - 2011
To examine hope in relation to alcohol use, binge drinking, smoking, exercise, and limiting of dietary fat among college students. Undergraduate students (N=2265) completed an online survey. Lower hope scores were related to binge drinking and smoking in the past month and more frequent drinking and binge drinking, controlling for ...
Ghio Andrew J - - 2011
Objectives Human exposure to wood smoke particles (WSP) impacts on human health through changes in indoor air quality, exposures from wild fires, burning of biomass and air pollution. This investigation tested the postulate that healthy volunteers exposed to WSP would demonstrate evidence of both pulmonary and systemic inflammation. Methods Ten ...
Toledo A C - - 2012
It has recently been suggested that regular exercise reduces lung function decline and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among active smokers; however, the mechanisms involved in this effect remain poorly understood. The present study evaluated the effects of regular exercise training in an experimental mouse model of chronic ...
Korhonen Tellervo - - 2011
Several cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers sensitive to tobacco exposure have been identified, but how tobacco use cessation impacts them is less clear. We sought to investigate the effects of a smoking cessation program with an exercise intervention on CVD biomarkers in sedentary women. This is a cohort study on a ...
Yanagisawa O - - 2011
AIM: To assess the feasibility of ultrasound real-time tissue elastography (RTE) for measuring exercise-induced changes in muscle hardness and to compare the findings of RTE with those of a tissue hardness meter for semi-quantitative assessment of the hardness of exercised muscles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine male participants performed an arm-curl ...
Doonan Robert J - - 2011
Studies showed that long-standing smokers have stiffer arteries at rest. However, the effect of smoking on the ability of the vascular system to respond to increased demands (physical stress) has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of smoking on arterial stiffness and subendocardial ...
Kirill Micallef-Stafrace - - 2010
Athletes present a different category of the population. Trivial complaints may mask more serious illness, especially when the athlete is undergoing intensive training, and the function of his immune system may be sub-optimal. A triathlete presented a few days after completing an Ironman race, complaining of lethargy, pleuritic chest pain ...
Thorold H - - 2010
Exercise is known to decongest the nasal mucosa which results in increased nasal patency. In a recent study it was suggested that smoking might influence the effect of exercise on the nasal mucosa. This implies that smoking may cause neurological damage to the normal nasal physiology, which has not previously ...
Cartaxo Ana Maria - - 2011
Impairment in pulmonary capacity due to pleural effusion compromises daily activity. Removal of fluid improves symptoms, but the impact, especially on exercise capacity, has not been determined. Twenty-five patients with unilateral pleural effusion documented by chest radiograph were included. The 6-min walk test, Borg modified dyspnea score, FVC, and FEV(1) ...
Wong Rebecca - - 2010
To examine the incidence of resting during the 6-minute-walk test (6MWT) in patients with chronic lung disease (CLD) and to explore differences in functional exercise capacity and response to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) between resters and nonresters. Retrospective chart review. Inpatient PR program. Individuals (N=211) who performed the 6MWT at admission ...
Sawyer Brandon J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that V˙O2peak is positively correlated with the regression coefficients of the curve-linear relationship between V˙O2 and speed during a protocol consisting of submaximal walking and running. Nineteen healthy men (mean ± SD: age = 26.4 ± 6.4 yr, height = ...
Yamada Minoru - - 2011
A close relationship exists between dual-task (DT)-related gait changes and the risk of falling in the elderly. However, the impact of DT training on the incidence of falls in the elderly remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the effects of a seated stepping exercise in DT conditions to improve walking ...
Ozaki Hayao - - 2011
We examined the effects of walk training combined with leg blood flow reduction (BFR) on muscle hypertrophy as well as on peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)) in older individuals. Both the BFR walk training (BFR-Walk, n = 10, age; 64 ± 1 years, body mass index [BMI]; 22.5 ± 0.9 kg/m(2)) ...
Dodd Karen J - - 2011
Purpose. To evaluate the feasibility and effects of an exercise programme on people with severe, chronic schizophrenia. Method. A single-group, pre-post pilot study incorporating a baseline familiarisation phase was followed by a 24-week, small-group aerobic exercise programme for up to 30-min each session, twice a week and a 30-min weekly walking session. ...
Ebersbach Georg - - 2010
Physiotherapy is widely used in Parkinson's disease (PD), but there are few controlled studies comparing active interventions. Recently, a technique named "LSVT®BIG" has been introduced. LSVT®BIG is derived from the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment and focuses on intensive exercising of high-amplitude movements. In the present comparative study, 60 patients with ...
Burns Rebekah - - 2010
Although exercise testing is an important objective method used to assess cardiopulmonary function, subjective assessment often is used as a proxy in the clinical setting. This study aimed to determine whether responses to a subjective functional capacity questionnaire administered to parents and patients in a pediatric exercise laboratory correlate with ...
Balci Sükrü Serdar - - 2010
The aim was to investigate the changes in lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzyme activities, and muscle damage in the same and different exercise intensities during walking and running. Fourteen healthy males participated in this study. The subjects' individual preferred walk-to-run transition speeds (WRTS) were determined. Each subject covered a 1.5-mile distance ...
Alahmadi Ma - - 2010
PURPOSE:: To determine the effect of acute bouts of moderate- and high-intensity walking exercise on non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) in overweight and obese adults. METHOD:: 16 participants performed a single bout of either moderate-intensity walking exercise (MIE) or high-intensity walking exercise (HIE) on two separate occasions. The MIE consisted of ...
Nicolaï Saskia P A - - 2010
The first-line intervention for intermittent claudication is usually supervised exercise therapy (SET). The literature describes a range of exercise programs varying in setting, duration, and content. The purpose of the present study was to examine the exercise protocols offered and to identify the impact of the intensity of the SET ...
Blacker Sam D - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Decrements in muscle function may reduce physical and skilled performance and have been shown to be greater following walking unloaded on negative gradients. We examined the effects of prolonged walking with load carriage at level and negative gradients on muscle function. METHODS: There were 10 male participants who completed ...
Fiser Wesley M - - 2010
Slow walking speed in elderly people predicts increased morbidity and mortality. We examined factors that may be associated with decreased habitual walking speed in older men and women. Older (range: 60-88 years, mean = 72.5 years) men (n = 25) and women (n = 24) were recruited. The Short Physical ...
Tsatalas Themistoklis - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of muscle damage on walking biomechanics at different speeds. Seventeen young women completed a muscle damage protocol of 5 × 15 maximal eccentric actions of the knee extensors and flexors of both legs at 60°/s. Lower body kinematics and swing-phase kinetics ...
Dourado V Z - - 2010
We aimed to examine whether the ventilatory threshold (VT) during an incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) could be determined using heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. Further aims were to assess variables capable of predicting performance in the ISWT and the intensity of this test. Beat-to-beat RR intervals and gas exchange ...
Suzuki T - - 2010
Although bicycle ergometer exercise and walking are recommended as aerobic exercise for patients with lumbago, little research has been done to examine the muscular activities and circulatory dynamics during these exercises. In this study, we aimed at obtaining basic information on aerobic exercises effective for patients with lumbago by investigating ...
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