Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 918
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Asikainen Tuula-Maria - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Menopause may induce a phase of rapid decreases in bone mineral density, aerobic fitness, muscle strength, and balance, especially in sedentary women. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects and feasibility of an exercise program of 1 or 2 bouts of walking and resistance ...
Sakuragi Sokichi - - 2006
It is well known that moderate exercise is beneficial to health. However, the effects of exercise on subjective symptoms in relation to mood and autonomic nervous function have not yet been fully examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of daily walking on subjective symptoms as ...
Mika Piotr - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of pain-free treadmill training on red blood cell deformability and walking distance in patients with claudication. DESIGN: Randomized-controlled trial of exercise training. SETTING: Patients were recruited from the primary care, vascular outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: A total of 60 patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (stage ...
Killey Bruce - - 2006
There is evidence in the literature that exercise improves the health and well-being of frail older people. Little is known however of the relationship between exercise, mobility and functional independence in a frail elderly acute care hospital in-patient population. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of ...
Kurvers C M H Chantal - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe spontaneous locomotion activity of foals kept under various management conditions and assess the suitability of global positioning system (GPS) technology for recording foal activity. Animals-59 foals. PROCEDURES: During the foals' first 4 months of life, 921 observation periods (15 minutes each) were collected and analyzed for locomotion ...
Hreljac Alan - - 2007
Although the preferred transition speed (PTS) reported by various researchers is relatively consistent, the amount of observed hysteresis (difference between the walk-run and the run-walk transition speed) varies considerably. Variations in reported hysteresis appear to be related to the protocol used to determine the transition speeds. This investigation compared the ...
Davies S E H - - 2006
This study investigated the energetics of walking on sand and grass. Fourteen adult males, participated in the study. Participants had a mean age of 34.6 years old, 72.6 kg in mass and 172.5 cm in stature, who walked at 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 km per h on sand ...
McDermott Mary M - - 2006
Our objectives were to determine whether obesity is associated with a greater functional decline compared with the ideal body mass index (BMI) among persons with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and to determine the associations between weight gain and loss and functional declines in PAD. We hypothesized that baseline obesity and ...
Pérez M - - 2006
Ageing does affect functional capacity through several changes at the peripheral muscle level that impair the muscles capacity to produce energy and generate force. The skeletal muscle-specific isoform of AMP deaminase (AMPD) plays an important regulatory role in muscle metabolism and in determining energy charge. Since nearly 20 % of ...
Robbins Shawn M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of previous treatments of functional electric stimulation (FES) and transcutaneous electric stimulation (TENS) on improving gait speed in subjects poststroke. DATA SOURCES: Relevant articles were obtained through a search of English-language articles cited in Medline, EMBASE, CINHAL, and PubMed databases from January 1966 to May ...
Bastin Julien - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to test whether a constant bearing angle strategy could account for the displacement regulations produced by a moving observer when attempting to intercept a ball following a curvilinear path. The participants were asked to walk through a virtual environment and to change, if (deemed) ...
Perera Subashan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the magnitude of small meaningful and substantial individual change in physical performance measures and evaluate their responsiveness. DESIGN: Secondary data analyses using distribution- and anchor-based methods to determine meaningful change. SETTING: Secondary analysis of data from an observational study and clinical trials of community-dwelling older people and ...
Courbon Annabelle - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between maximal exercise capacity and walking capacity in hemiplegic stroke patients. DESIGN: An uncontrolled observational study was conducted in the physical medicine and rehabilitation unit in an academic hospital. Participants were 21 hemiplegic stroke patients (18 men, 3 women; age, 18-70 yrs) whose stroke occurred ...
Lopopolo Rosalie B - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Inconsistent research findings make it unclear whether therapeutic exercise improves gait speed in community-dwelling elderly people. Using meta-analytical procedures, we examined the effect of therapeutic exercise on changing gait speed in community-dwelling older adults and the effect of type, intensity, and dose of therapeutic exercise on gait ...
Chin Takaaki - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristic differences between the IP and C-Leg by making a comparative study of energy consumption and walking speeds in trans-femoral amputees. The subjects consisted of four persons with traumatic trans-femoral amputations aged 17 - 33 years who had been using the ...
Ramelet A-A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Usually misdiagnosed and ignored in the literature, exercise-induced vasculitis (EIV) is not uncommon, occurring mostly in long-distance runners and in females after long walks, especially in hot weather. OBSERVATIONS: I report 23 otherwise healthy patients (22 females, 1 male) who developed EIV after walking or hiking in hot weather. ...
Puthoff Michael L - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study examined how oxygen consumption, relative exercise intensity, vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF), and loading rate (LR) were affected while using a weighted vest (WV) during treadmill walking. METHODS: A sample of 10 (aged 23.4 +/- 1.7 yr) subjects performed a standardized walking test (4-min stages at 0.89, ...
Vogt Lutz - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the degree of step length asymmetry of patients with hip osteoarthritis during free walking and treadmill ambulation and to determine the reproducibility of treadmill based vertical ground reaction force parameters. Twelve subjects with monoarticular hip osteoarthritis undergoing total hip replacement ...
Barnett Anthony - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to devise a new individual calibration method to enhance MTI accelerometer estimation of free-living level walking speed. METHOD: Five female and five male middle-aged adults walked 400 m at 3.5, 4.5, and 5.5 km x h(-1), and 800 m at 6.5 km x h(-1) on ...
Chen Hui-Ya - - 2006
Stepping in time with a metronome has been reported to improve pathological gait. Although there have been many studies of finger tapping synchronisation tasks with a metronome, the specific details of the influences of metronome timing on walking remain unknown. As a preliminary to studying pathological control of gait timing, ...
Pohl Marcus - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate effects of individually designed functional in-shoe ankle-foot orthoses (AFO) made of soft and hard cast on balance, standing, and gait parameters in hemiparetic patients. DESIGN: Crossover design with randomized order of the intervention. SETTING: A rehabilitation centre for adults with neurological disorders. SUBJECTS: Twenty-eight patients ...
Kito Tomonori - - 2006
In gait research, casual walking has been considered to be walking at a casual speed. However, it is unclear that walking speed is the most stable factor in casual walking compared to other factors such as cycle duration and stride length. Although walking speed can be calculated from cycle duration ...
Kawashima N - - 2006
Cross-sectional, experimental research. To clarify the effect of lesion level on cardio-respiratory responses and biomechanical characteristics of walking with a reciprocating gait orthosis in complete paraplegia with spinal cord injury (SCI). National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Japan. Ten SCI individuals (age: 20-34 years, injured level: Th5-12) who experienced ...
Paysant Jean - - 2006
The difficulties confronted by amputees during overground walking are rarely investigated. In this study, we evaluated, in real-world situations, the influence of ground surface on walking in young, active amputees by measuring temporal and spatial gait parameters (free walking speed [FWS], step length [SL], step rate), energy expenditure (EE) (e.g., ...
Mian O S - - 2006
AIM: To investigate mechanical work, efficiency, and antagonist muscle co-activation with a view to better understand the cause of the elevated metabolic cost of walking (C(W)) in older adults. METHODS: Metabolic, mechanical and electromyographic measurements were made as healthy young (YOU; n = 12, age = 27 +/- 3 years) ...
Forrester Larry W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine characteristics of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-induced measures of central motor excitability to the paretic and nonparetic quadriceps muscles of chronic hemiparetic stroke patients in the context of a short-term, submaximal bout treadmill exercise. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Motor control and gait biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 11 ...
Bhatt T - - 2006
Stability improvements made in a single acquisition session with merely five slips in walking are sufficient to prevent backward balance loss (BLOB) at the end of session, but not after 12 mo. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the effect of an enhanced single acquisition session would ...
McDermott Mary McGrae - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exercise rehabilitation programs increase treadmill walking performance in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication. However, it is unknown whether patients with PAD who walk for exercise regularly have less functional decline than those with less walking activity. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with PAD who report ...
Simonsick Eleanor M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine criterion validity of the 400-m walk component of the Long Distance Corridor Walk (LDCW) and develop equations for estimating peak oxygen consumption (VO2) from 400-m time and factors intrinsic to test performance (e.g., heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) response) in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional ...
Van de Putte M - - 2006
The use of a treadmill to evaluate gait patterns makes it possible to analyze many gait cycles and stride to stride variations. The objective of this study was to assess the time required for a subject to habituate to walking on a treadmill. The evolution of knee kinematics and spatio-temporal ...
Lehmann K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Persons who have suffered from acute poliomyelitis may decades later experience reduction of balance and gait capacity due to muscle weakness, fatigue and/or pain. This may affect the activity level in daily life of these persons. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to describe observer ...
Cosio-Lima Ludmila M - - 2006
This study compared the effect of a 30-minute walk on brachial artery endothelial vasodilatation in kidney transplant (KT) recipients and healthy controls (HCs). Endothelial-dependent vasodilatation was measured by ultrasound before and after exercise. The HCs experienced a significant increase in vasodilatation after exercise 1 minute postocclusion when compared with the ...
Tang Ada - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) has been employed as a measure of functional capacity, but its relationship to cardiorespiratory fitness in stroke is not well established. Gait speed measured over short distances is commonly used as an index of walking competency following stroke. We evaluated the relationship ...
Yoshida Naoyuki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether exercise training using nontreadmill walking is effective for the improvement of exercise performance of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis sequelae (PTS) characterized by restrictive ventilatory defect. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients with stable PTS hospitalized for assessment of exertional dyspnea in Fukujuji Hospital from April 1997 to ...
Hsu Miao-Ju - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the physiologic differences during multispeed treadmill walking and physical activity profiles for the Otto Bock C-Walk foot (C-Walk), Flex-Foot, and solid ankle cushion heel (SACH) foot in people with transtibial amputation. DESIGN: A repeated-measures design with 3 prostheses. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Eight men with unilateral transtibial ...
Thomas K Jackson - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective investigation was to determine: (1) whether a cardiovascular exercise program was capable of improving treadmill gait speed of elderly individuals, and (2) if such an improvement was associated with specific determinants. METHODS: Twenty residents of a retirement community were assessed at baseline and followed ...
Paquet N - - 2006
Patients with unilateral vestibular deficit (UVD) report difficulties with maintaining balance while executing fast head turns. Our aim was to determine whether head, trunk, and pelvis angular displacements were symmetrical in patients with UVD as they executed voluntary yaw rotation of the head towards or away from the side of ...
Schwarz M - - 2006
Although walking is a common physical activity, scientifically based training guidelines using standardised tests have not been established. Therefore this explorative study investigated the cardiovascular and metabolic load resulting from different walking intensities derived from maximal velocity (Vmax) during an incremental treadmill walking test. Oxygen uptake, heart rate (HR), blood ...
Murphy Marie H - - 2006
A significant proportion of Europeans do not meet the recommendations for 30 mins of physical activity 5 times per week. Whether lower frequency, moderate intensity exercise alters cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has received little attention. This study examined the effects of 45 minutes self-paced walking, 2 d. wk(-1) on aerobic ...
Mount Julie J Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. - - 2006
This is a pilot study to determine if endurance exercises for dorsiflexors will improve walking for people with foot drop secondary to MS, and if improvement in muscle endurance for persons with MS can be predicted based on the amount of central fatigue (CF) in the muscle. Five individuals with ...
Tsuruoka Yuriko Y Department of Data Science, Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2006
Elderly people lose their rhythm of walking balance, because their body alignment and standing balance become less stable through aging. The fluctuations of both hips movement while walking were measured using a portable measurement system with two accelerometers. Before they have had physical exercise and when walking without shoe insoles, ...
Neckel N N Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Catholic Univ., and Center for Applied Biomechanics and Rehabilitation Research, National Rehabilitation Hospital, Washington, DC, - - 2006
The use of robotic gait training systems has become commonplace world-wide. In particular, the Lokomat robotic orthosis (Hocoma AG, Volketswil, Switzerland) is in use at nearly 75 facilities treating patients with spinal cord injury, stroke, and other neurological impairments. Despite the extensive use of the device, no studies have reported ...
Abe Takashi - - 2006
Previous studies have shown that low-intensity resistance training with restricted muscular venous blood flow (Kaatsu) causes muscle hypertrophy and strength gain. To investigate the effects of daily physical activity combined with Kaatsu, we examined the acute and chronic effects of walk training with and without Kaatsu on MRI-measured muscle size ...
Katsanos Christos S - - 2005
Eleven healthy men (M age = 27 years, SD = 4) completed three cycling and three walking trials in an alternating order. During each trial, participants were allowed, within 3 min, to adjust the work rate to correspond to given rating of perceived exertion (RPE) values according to the following ...
Daly Janis J - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Conventional therapies fail to restore normal gait to many patients after stroke. The study purpose was to test response to coordination exercise, overground gait training, and weight-supported treadmill training, both with and without functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) using intramuscular (IM) electrodes (FNS-IM). METHODS: In a randomized controlled ...
Irausquin Rosemarie S - - 2005
The effects of computer-presented automatization exercises in a group of 14 poor readers were assessed in comparison to a matched control group of 14 poor readers that received computer-presented exercises aimed at the use of context for word identification and comprehension. Training took place three sessions a week for 15 ...
Hills Andrew P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that 'walking for pleasure' represents the most common leisure-time physical activity, the exercise intensity associated with 'walking for pleasure' in the obese has not been established. METHODS: Heart rate (HR), perceived exertion (RPE) and walking speed were assessed for 30 obese and 20 non-obese adults as they ...
Tudor-Locke Catrine - - 2005
PURPOSE: (a) To establish pedometer steps/min intensity categories (i.e., light, moderate, hard, very hard) for adults under controlled conditions, and (b) use these cut-points to ascertain the number of steps expected in 30 minutes of moderate intensity activity. METHODS: 25 men and 25 women, ages 18-39 years, performed 6-min exercise ...
Caglar A T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of home exercises on the motor performance of patients with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: A prospective blinded study with allocation of patients into their groups by alternate weeks. SETTING: A University Hospital neurology and physiotherapy department. SUBJECTS: Recruited from a movement disorders outpatient clinic of Cerrahpasa ...
Rotstein Arie - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify the preferred transition speed (PTS) between walking and running and the energetically optimal transition speed (ETOS), in runners and nonrunners. METHODS: A total of 19 young men were asked to walk on a treadmill at 5 km.h(-1). Speed was then increased by 0.2 ...
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