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Results 251 - 300 of 915
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Lee Y P - - 2007
1. Behavioural patterns of 4 slow-growing local breeds of chickens in Taiwan and China, Taiwan Country chickens, Beijing Fatty chickens, pure Silkies, and upgraded commercial Silkies, were studied from 5 to 16 weeks of age as a reference of management for commercial production. 2. Fifteen males and 15 females of ...
Sugaya Kimio - - 2007
We investigated whether nocturia in the elderly was improved by walking exercise, which involved walking rapidly for 30 min or more in the evening or night for 8 weeks. A questionnaire related to micturition and exercise, blood pressure, body composition analysis, blood biochemistry tests, and urinalysis were performed before and ...
Boer Rob - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial evidence for neighborhood characteristics correlating with walking, so far there has been limited attention to possible practical implications for neighborhood design. This study investigates to what extent design guidelines are likely to stimulate walking. METHODS: Four of the New Urbanism Smart Scorecard criteria and two other measures ...
Thomas Elju E - - 2007
Walking on a treadmill with Body Weight Unloading (BWU), which has been successfully used on patients with neurological conditions, may also be used as a training tool to increase walking speed in healthy individuals. We hypothesised that BWU enables individuals to walk at a faster speed on a treadmill than ...
Kawanabe Kazuhiro - - 2007
The present study was conducted to determine the beneficial effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise in addition to muscle strengthening, balance, and walking exercises on the walking ability in the elderly. Sixty-seven elderly participants were divided into two groups; the WBV exercise plus routine exercises group (n=40) and the routine ...
Low David - - 2007
The impact of a self-paced exercise program on productivity and health outcomes of 32 adult workers in a large federal office complex was investigated during 3 months. Walking was the sole form of exercise. The first month, during which no walking occurred, was the control period. The second and third ...
Isaacs A J - - 2007
To evaluate and compare the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a leisure centre-based exercise programme, an instructor-led walking programme and advice-only in patients referred for exercise by their GPs. A single-centre, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial, consisting of three arms, with the primary comparison at 6 months. Assessments were carried out at ...
Galea Melissa N - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study examined psychosocial determinants of walking exercise among individuals with intermittent claudication and explored perceived pain intensity as a moderator of the intention-behavior relationship. METHODS: Ninety-four participants (n = 61 m/33 f, 70.05 +/- 9.02 years) were recruited from a medical facility and completed baseline measures of attitudes ...
Said Catherine M - - 2008
Difficulty negotiating obstacles may contribute to the high falls rate following stroke. This study examined the impact of stroke on balance during obstacle crossing. Centre of mass (COM) and centre of pressure (COP) were measured as 12 stroke subjects and 12 unimpaired subjects stepped over a 4 cm high obstacle ...
Peurala Sinikka H - - 2007
We assessed the effects and strenuousness of intensive gait-oriented inpatient rehabilitation initiated very early after stroke. Therapy content and interrater reliability of the assessments were also analyzed. Of 22 patients, 19 (average 8.0 d poststroke) completed the study. Before rehabilitation, 13 patients were unable to walk or needed two assistants ...
Werner C - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the influence of the degree of treadmill belt inclination for training of ambulatory patients with hemiparetic stroke. METHODS: Twelve patients were instructed to walk at 5 different levels of inclination (0%-8%) while harness-secured on the treadmill. The gait velocity was kept constant during all conditions. Dependent ...
Patterson Shawnna L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship of cardiovascular fitness (Vo(2)peak), neurologic deficits in balance and leg strength, and body composition to ambulatory function after stroke and to determine whether these relationships differ between those with milder versus more severe gait deficits. DESIGN: Cross-sectional correlation study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of an academic ...
Tudor-Locke Catrine - - 2007
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The American Heritage Time Use Study (AHTUS) represents a harmonised historical data file of time use by adults, amalgamating surveys collected in 1965-66, 1975-76, 1985, 1992-94, and 2003. The objectives of time-use studies have ranged from evaluating household and other unpaid production of goods and services, to monitoring ...
Klimek Andrzej - - 2007
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the influence of extremities length improvement in the form of special shoe orthoses on the walking energy cost of the leading Polish representative in race walking. Before a proper study, the aerobic capacity of the subject was evaluated. The test consisted of ...
Oliver Lisa N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in examining the influence of the built environment on physical activity. High-resolution data in a geographic information system is increasingly being used to measure salient aspects of the built environment and studies often use circular or road network buffers to measure land use around an ...
Johnson Arthur T - - 2007
Self-contained self rescuers (SCSRs) are used for emergency escapes in oxygen-deficit atmospheres. Certified by NIOSH to last 1 hour, SCSRs generate oxygen by chemical reaction and must meet a minimum oxygen generation time of 60 min when used according to instructions. Wearers must walk or crawl at a controlled rate ...
Newman M A - - 2007
Impaired mobility in multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with high-energy costs and effort when walking, gait abnormalities, poor endurance and fatigue. This repeated measures trial with blinded assessments investigated the effect of treadmill walking at an aerobic training intensity in 16 adults with MS. The intervention consisted of 12 sessions ...
Franz Jason R - - 2007
Partial body weight support (PBWS) systems used for rehabilitation status post-neurological and musculoskeletal pathologies and injuries are traditionally passive. Our purpose was to demonstrate the ability of an actively controlled PBWS system to provide a clinically relevant modulated support condition while investigating the impact of such a condition on the ...
Tan Uner - - 2007
After discovering two families with handicapped children exhibiting the "Uner Tan syndrome," the author discovered a man exhibiting only wrist-walking with no primitive mental abilities including language. According to his mother, he had an infectious disease with high fever as a three months old baby; as a result, the left ...
Levine David - - 2007
Motion in the lumbar spine during certain physical activities may exceed tissue homeostasis, leading to low back pain. Previous authors have assessed sagittal motion of the lumbar spine during walking; however, limited attention has been focused on changes in spine position with walking or running on different surface gradients. To ...
Schmidt Henning - - 2007
Gait restoration is an integral part of rehabilitation of brain lesioned patients. Modern concepts favour a task-specific repetitive approach, i.e. who wants to regain walking has to walk, while tone-inhibiting and gait preparatory manoeuvres had dominated therapy before. Following the first mobilization out of the bed, the wheelchair-bound patient should ...
Yang Feng - - 2007
The purpose of the present study was to develop a set of equations that can be employed to remove the inertial effect introduced by the movable platform upon which a person stands during a slip induced in gait; this allows the real ground reaction force (GRF) and its center of ...
Cheng Teddy M TM School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. - - 2007
A dynamic model of the heart rate response to treadmill walking exercise is presented. The model is a feedback interconnected system; the subsystem in the forward path represents the neural response to exercise, while the subsystem in the feedback path describes the peripheral local response. The parameters of the model ...
Jang Yongwon Y Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Daejeon, - - 2007
Efforts have been made to measure the distance traveled by humans in motion, in ways that are compact and accurate, for a long time. There are several ways to measure the distance moved by walking or running in daily life, some of which already use commercial products, but those methods ...
Welter Marie-Laure - - 2007
Gait and balance disorders are common in patients with parkinsonian syndromes, but the pathophysiology of these symptoms is still poorly understood. This study examined the initiation of gait in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP, n=10), characterized by the presence of severe postural instability, and controls (n=43). We used a ...
Krewer Carmen - - 2007
To determine the strenuousness and efficacy of therapy, the energy expenditure of 10 healthy and 10 hemiparetic subjects were measured while they walked on a treadmill that was combined with a robot-driven gait orthosis, the Lokomat, which physiologically exercises the legs of a patient on a moving treadmill. Subjects performed ...
Pepin Véronique - - 2007
The responsiveness of the endurance shuttle walk to functional changes following bronchodilation has recently been reported. The current literature suggests that the 6 min walking test (6MWT) is less responsive to bronchodilation than the endurance shuttle walk. To compare bronchodilator-induced changes in exercise performance with the 6MWT and the endurance ...
Witte T H - - 2006
Stride duration, stance duration and protraction duration are key variables when describing the gaits of terrestrial animals. Together, they determine the duty factor (the fraction of the stride for which the limb maintains contact with the ground surface), from which the peak vertical force can be estimated. When an animal ...
van Velzen J M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the influence of physical capacity on regaining walking ability and the development of walking ability after lower limb amputation. DESIGN: A systematic search of literature was performed. The quality of all relevant studies was evaluated according to a checklist for statistical review of general papers. SUBJECTS: Lower ...
Ormshaw Jennifer C - - 2006
We measured the reduction in locomotion of unrestrained pond snails, Lymnaea stagnalis, subsequent to transdermal application of two selective octopamine antagonists, epinastine and phentolamine. After 3 h in fresh standard snail water following treatment with 4 mM epinastine or 3.5 mM phentolamine, the snails' speed was reduced to 25 and ...
Dingwell Jonathan B - - 2007
Peripheral sensory feedback is believed to contribute significantly to maintaining walking stability. Patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy have a greatly increased risk of falling. Previously, we demonstrated that slower walking speeds in neuropathic patients lead to improved local dynamic stability. However, all subjects exhibited significant local instability during walking, even ...
Whitman Julie M - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter randomized, controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To compare two physical therapy programs for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Scant evidence exists regarding effectiveness of nonsurgical management programs for lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with lumbar spinal stenosis were randomized to one of two 6-week ...
Manfredini F - - 2007
Mobilization of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) is increased after acute exercise and training. This study aims to evaluate whether, in a low performance population, EPC levels may be related to exercise capacity in steady state conditions. Study population consisted of sixteen hemodialysis patients. The distance walked in the 6-minute ...
Iriarte-Díaz José - - 2006
The transition from trot to gallop in quadruped mammals has been widely hypothesized to be a strategy to minimize the energetic costs of running. This view, however, has been challenged by some experimental evidence suggesting instead that this transition might be triggered by mechanical cues, and would occur when musculoskeletal ...
Dunton Genevieve F - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Although the health benefits of walking for physical activity have received increasing research attention, barriers specific to walking are not well understood. In this study, questions to measure barriers to walking for physical activity were developed and tested among college students. The factor structure, test-retest and internal consistency reliability, ...
Sullivan Katherine - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Task-specific and strength training have demonstrated efficacy as therapeutic interventions poststroke. The intent of this case study is to describe outcomes associated with a therapy program that combines task-specific and strength training in an individual post-stroke and to discuss some possible mechanisms and modulating factors that may ...
Cook Summer B - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Human unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) is a commonly used model to study the effects of disuse and unweighting of human skeletal muscle. ULLS requires subjects to ambulate on crutches with an elevated shoe on the weight-bearing limb or a strap on the unloaded limb for prolonged periods of ...
Shakoor Najia - - 2006
To evaluate the effects that modern shoes have on gait and lower extremity joint loads in osteoarthritis (OA). Gait analyses were performed on 75 subjects with knee OA while they were wearing their everyday walking shoes and while they were walking barefoot. The trials involved optoelectronic detection of external markers ...
Watanabe S - - 2006
Recently, active treatment such as exercise has been increasingly advocated for CLBP (chronic low back pain). Specially, exercise to improve fitness has been recommended for the prevention of back injuries. The bicycle ergometer or walking have often been used to improve the fitness of CLBP patients. However, little is known ...
Wang Jianxiong - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Supervised treadmill-walking training is an effective treatment to improve walking capacity for individuals with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The primary aim of this study was to examine whether a supervised treadmill-walking program would improve calf-muscle strength and endurance in individuals with PAD. DESIGN: The study included two stages. The ...
Nakatsukasa M - - 2006
The authors previously compared energetic costs of bipedal and quadrupedal walking in bipedally trained macaques used for traditional Japanese monkey performances (Nakatsukasa et al. 2004 Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 124:248-256). These macaques used inverted pendulum mechanics during bipedal walking, which resulted in an efficient exchange of potential and kinetic energy. ...
Campanini I - - 2007
The aim of the study was to assess the variability of EMG signal envelope with electrode location during gait. Surface EMG signals were recorded from 10 healthy subjects from the tibialis anterior (TA), peroneus longus (PL), gastrocnemius medialis (GM), gastrocnemius lateralis (GL), and soleus (SO) muscles. From TA, PL, GL ...
Diamant Alison L - - 2006
This policy brief presents information about the walking habits of California adults based on data from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2003). We examine the prevalence of regular walking and no walking by socio-demographic and neighborhood characteristics. Regular walking is defined as walking on at least five separate ...
Farmer S E - - 2006
This pilot study compares the effect on walking speed, in eight subjects with neuromuscular conditions, of wearing Ligaflex ankle-foot orthoses (AFO), Leafspring orthoses and shoes or with shoes alone. Range of motion, muscle strength and sensation were tested in the lower leg. Subjects underwent a standardized timed 10-m walking test ...
Napolitano Melissa A - - 2006
Current research has shown relationships between the environment (eg, parks and trails) and levels of physical activity participation. This study was designed to implement and evaluate a communications based worksite campaign to promote awareness of an existing local walking path and to increase walking. Promotional materials were distributed for 1 ...
Abe T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of KAATSU training has been demonstrated in human athletes, both as a therapeutic method as well as a training aid. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of slow walk training combined with restriction of muscle blood flow (KAATSU) on muscle and tendon size. ...
Daly Janis J - - 2007
PURPOSE: Purpose one was to characterize the consistency of intra-limb hip/knee (H/K) coordination according to a measure of average coefficient of correspondence (ACC) across strides. Purpose two was to investigate H/K ACC validity and ability to discriminate pre-/post-treatment change in stroke survivors. METHODS: Five healthy controls and 32 chronic (>12 ...
Asikainen Tuula-Maria - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Menopause may induce a phase of rapid decreases in bone mineral density, aerobic fitness, muscle strength, and balance, especially in sedentary women. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects and feasibility of an exercise program of 1 or 2 bouts of walking and resistance ...
Sakuragi Sokichi - - 2006
It is well known that moderate exercise is beneficial to health. However, the effects of exercise on subjective symptoms in relation to mood and autonomic nervous function have not yet been fully examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of daily walking on subjective symptoms as ...
Mika Piotr - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of pain-free treadmill training on red blood cell deformability and walking distance in patients with claudication. DESIGN: Randomized-controlled trial of exercise training. SETTING: Patients were recruited from the primary care, vascular outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: A total of 60 patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (stage ...
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