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Groth Susan W - - 2008
To describe the attitudes and preferences of ethnically diverse new mothers on weight and exercise. Exploratory, qualitative study. Forty-nine ethnically diverse women were interviewed during the first year following childbirth regarding beliefs about weight, choices of exercise, walking for exercise, perceived benefits, barriers, and facilitators of exercise. Content analysis techniques ...
Bowden Mark G MG Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, NF/SG Veterans Affairs Health System, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA. - - 2008
For clinical trials in stroke rehabilitation, self-selected walking speed has been used to stratify persons to predict functional walking status and to define clinical meaningfulness of changes. However, this stratification was validated primarily using self-report questionnaires. This study aims to validate the speed-based classification system with quantitative measures of walking ...
Parvataneni Krishnaji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although treadmill and overground walking appear to be biomechanically similar in healthy, young adults it is not known whether this can be generalized to older subjects or if the metabolic demands are correspondingly comparable. METHODS: Ten healthy adults between 50 and 73 years of age walked at the same ...
Oates Alison R AR Gait and Posture Laboratory, Kinesiology Department, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. - - 2008
This study investigated how Parkinson's disease (PD) affects the ability to switch from locomotion to gait termination (GT) during planned and cued GT and examined the effect of PD on the integration of a reactive, balance maintenance strategy into voluntary GT. After a series of stops on a stable surface, ...
Najafi Bijan - - 2009
This study investigates whether the spatio-temporal parameters of gait in the elderly vary as a function of walking distance. The gait pattern of older subjects (n=27) over both short (SWD<10 m) and long (LWD>20 m) walking was evaluated using an ambulatory device consisting of body-worn sensors (Physilog). The stride velocity ...
Snook Erin M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The study used meta-analytic procedures to examine the overall effect of exercise training interventions on walking mobility among individuals with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: A search was conducted for published exercise training studies from 1960 to November 2007 using MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and Current Contents Plus. Studies were selected if ...
Zampieri Cris - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although vertical gaze palsy and gait instability are cardinal features of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), little research has been done to address oculomotor and gait rehabilitation for PSP. The purpose of this study was to compare the benefits of a program of balance training complemented with eye ...
Lau R W K - - 2009
SUMMARY: Exercise may be a viable way to promote bone health in stroke survivors. This study used the osteogenic index to evaluate the osteogenic potential of selected exercises for stroke survivors. The results show that brisk walking and stepping may be good skeletal loading exercises for this population. INTRODUCTION: Exercise ...
Smania Nicola - - 2008
Balance impairment in patients with stroke hemiparesis is frequently related to deficits of central integration of afferent inputs (somatosensory, visual, vestibular). Our aim was to evaluate whether balance exercises performed under various sensory input manipulations can improve postural stability and/or walking ability in patients with stroke. Seven chronic hemiparetic subjects ...
Tudor-Locke Catrine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We report walking for shopping, exercise, transportation, and walking the dog, among other sources captured in the 2003 to 2005 American Time Use Survey (ATUS). METHODS: We extracted and analyzed 8 walking behaviors (by sex, age, education level, and race/ethnicity) from 24 hours of activities recalled by telephone interview ...
Hill Kylie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To develop a predictive equation to permit estimation of the maximum work rate (Wmax) achieved during an incremental cycle ergometry test from the measurement of 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) and its derivative, 6-minute walk work, which is the product of 6MWD and body weight. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: ...
De Smet K - - 2009
The purpose of the current study was to examine spontaneous overground walk-to-run transitions (WRT). For the first time, subjects' WRT was examined during an overground protocol that allowed them to accelerate freely. The overground speed profile prior to reaching the WRT was analysed together with the spatiotemporal characteristics of the ...
Luft Andreas R AR Department of General Neurology, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2008
Stroke often impairs gait thereby reducing mobility and fitness and promoting chronic disability. Gait is a complex sensorimotor function controlled by integrated cortical, subcortical, and spinal networks. The mechanisms of gait recovery after stroke are not well understood. This study examines the hypothesis that progressive task-repetitive treadmill exercise (T-EX) improves ...
Zhao Dapeng - - 2008
This is the first report of foot preference during locomotion in Old World monkeys. Foot preferences during the quadrupedal walking action and the bipedal shifting action of a naturalistic group of Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) in Zhouzhi National Nature Reserve in the Qinling Mountains of China were investigated. Twelve ...
Dunsky Ayelet - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility and efficacy of a home-based motor imagery gait training program to improve walking performance of individuals with chronic poststroke hemiparesis. DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. SETTING: Local facility. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=17) were community-dwelling volunteers with hemiparesis caused by a unilateral stroke that occurred at least 3 ...
Cheng Hsin-Yi Kathy HY Graduate Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Chang-Gung University, Tao-Yuan, - - 2008
Tightening of plantar fascia by passively dorsiflexing the toes during walking has functional importance. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the influence of big toe dorsiflexion angles upon plantar fascia tension (the windlass effect) with a nonlinear finite element approach. A two-dimensional finite element model of the first ...
Blessinger J - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the VmaxST portable metabolic measurement system. Forty-five healthy adults (age = 25.7 +/- 5.9 yr; height = 171.8 +/- 9.1 cm; weight = 69.6 +/- 12.8 kg; VO2peak) = 40.7 ml/kg/min; percent fat = 21.7 +/- 11.0) performed two ...
White Craig R - - 2008
Great cormorants Phalacrocorax carbo are foot propelled diving birds that seem poorly suited to locomotion on land. They have relatively short legs, which are presumably adapted for the generation of high forces during the power stroke of aquatic locomotion, and walk with a pronounced "clumsy waddle". We hypothesise (1) that ...
Paul L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is used clinically in the management of drop foot in people suffering from neurological conditions. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of FES, in terms of speed and physiological cost of gait, in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). METHODS: Twelve pwMS ...
Fisher Beth E - - 2008
To obtain preliminary data on the effects of high-intensity exercise on functional performance in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) relative to exercise at low and no intensity and to determine whether improved performance is accompanied by alterations in corticomotor excitability as measured through transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Cohort (prospective), randomized ...
Roberts A J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an unsupervised home-based exercise programme for physiological, functional, and quality of life impact in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease. DESIGN: Prospective cohort with exercise intervention. MATERIALS: Human performance laboratory with non-invasive haemodynamic assessment facilities. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (mean age 67.6+/-7 years, ...
Veissier I - - 2008
Cows are often housed in tie-sheds for some part of the year (from 20 to 80% of adult cows in European countries). By contrast, regulations aiming at improving animal welfare generally provide for more opportunity to express behavior and so limit tethering (the European directive for sows). To inform current ...
Frantz Robert P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an implantable hemodynamic monitor (IHM) could be used to judge the response of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients to changes in therapy. METHODS: A prospective, non-randomized, multi-center study evaluated physical examination, functional class, echocardiography, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, exercise ...
Donovan Kimberley - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of a complex community environment on gait parameters (speed, step length and cadence) for community-dwelling participants with a previous stroke, and compare outcome measures commonly used in a clinical environment. DESIGN: Repeated measurement of participants in different environments. SETTING: One clinic and two community environments ...
Carli Francesco - - 2008
Introduction: We hypothesized that improvement in physical conditioning preoperatively ("prehabilitation")(1) would result in better postoperative recovery. METHODS: Adults scheduled for colorectal resection were enrolled in a daily prehabilitation program (3-6 weeks) consisting of either stationary cycling with weight training (complex) or walking with breathing and leg exercises (simple). Primary outcome ...
Retting Richard A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Essentially all published analyses of operational and safety outcomes related to enactment or repeal of the national maximum speed limit (NMSL) were based on data limited to the initial 1-3 years. The purpose of the present study was to collect and analyze longer term speed data. METHOD: In 2006, ...
Sherrington Catherine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish the effects of group exercise on mobility and strength. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Two public hospital outpatient rehabilitation services. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and seventy-three people (mean age 74.9 years, SD 10.8) with impaired mobility were randomized and 159 people (92%) completed the trial. INTERVENTIONS: Five-week, twice-weekly ...
Liu W-T - - 2008
The application of a supervised endurance exercise training programme in a home setting offering convenience and prolonged effects is a challenge. In total, 48 patients were initially assessed by the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT), spirometry and the Short Form-12 (SF-12) quality-of-life questionnaire, and then every 4 weeks for 3 ...
Bourgit David - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to compare electromyographic activity during fitness exercises, walking, and running among 3 different dorsiflexion shoes (+2 degrees , +4 degrees , and +10 degrees ) and standard shoes (-4 degrees ). The 3 different dorsiflexion shoes tested in this study have a curvature ...
Lind Erik - - 2008
We examined the affective consequences of an exercise intensity that slightly exceeded the preferred level. Twenty-five middle-age sedentary women participated in two 20-min treadmill exercise bouts, one during which they could select the speed and one during which the speed was 10 per cent higher than the self-selected. During the ...
Ikeda Elizabeth R - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare energy expenditure and perceived comfort using two modes of carrying a golf bag. Fifteen men completed 2 trials of walking on a treadmill while carrying a golf bag. During 1 of 2 trials, an extra strap was added to convert a single-strap ...
Grant P Margaret - - 2008
The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy of the activPAL physical activity monitor in measuring step number and cadence in older adults. Two pedometers (New-Lifestyles Digi-Walker SW-200 and New-Lifestyles NL2000) used in clinical practice to count steps were simultaneously evaluated. Observation was the criterion measure. Twenty-one ...
McCain Karen J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of locomotor treadmill training with partial body-weight support (BWS) before the initiation of overground gait for adults less than 6 weeks poststroke. DESIGN: Parallel group, posttest only. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Adults after first stroke admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation unit: treadmill group (n=7) ...
Jones Anamaria - - 2008
To compare the energy expenditure in patients with unilateral knee osteoarthritis while walking with canes of different lengths. A quasi-experimental study (single-group) was carried out on thirty patients with unilateral knee osteoarthritis. An adjustable aluminum cane was used, and three different cane lengths were determined for each subject: C1--length from ...
Pang Marco Y C MY Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. - - 2008
To identify the determinants of improvement in walking capacity following therapeutic exercise in chronic stroke survivors. A secondary analysis of data obtained from a prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled intervention trial. Sixty-three community-dwelling individuals (mean age = 65 years, age range = 50-87 years) with a chronic stroke (post-stroke duration: mean ...
Leicht Anthony S - - 2009
The YAMAX Digiwalker pedometer has been previously confirmed as a valid and reliable monitor during level walking, however, little is known about its accuracy during non-level walking activities or between genders. Subsequently, this study examined the influence of non-level walking and gender on pedometer accuracy. Forty-six healthy adults completed 3-min ...
Regnaux J P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Walking following stroke involves compensatory strategies by the unaffected leg to cope with the deficits in the hemiparetic leg. Recently, training paradigms based on the principles of task-oriented repetitive exercise have provided a valuable insight regarding the influence of restraining compensatory movements to improve motor performances. We investigated changes ...
Pollock R - - 2008
Whilst exercise is beneficial to those suffering from low back pain (LBP), spinal shrinkage and vibration during walking may aggravate the condition. This study investigates the effects of spinal unloading, by means of body-weight unloading (BWU), on spinal length and vibration response. Under-arm partial BWU (40% of bodyweight) was performed ...
Wright D A - - 2008
The physiological cost of walking is greater in bilateral amputees (BA) than in both unilateral amputee and non-pathological gait. The aim of this study was to describe the physiological costs and other standard gait characteristics in a sample population of BA, walking at self-selected (comfortable) speeds. Amputees had bilateral trans-tibial, ...
DiNallo Jennifer M - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine RT3 accelerometer activity counts and activity energy expenditure of 36 pregnant women at 20 and 32 weeks' gestation during treadmill walking and free-living conditions. During treadmill walking, oxygen consumption was collected, and activity energy expenditure was estimated for a 30-min walk at ...
Le Faucheur Alexis - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The maximal walking distance (MWD) performed on a treadmill test remains the "gold standard" in estimating the walking capacity of patients who have peripheral arterial disease with intermittent claudication, although treadmills are not accessible to most physicians. We hypothesized that global positioning system (GPS) recordings could monitor community-based outdoor ...
Davis Jillian - - 2008
Biochemical markers of inflammation are emerging as new predictors of risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and may alter acutely with exercise. Few studies have been conducted on the effects of walking on these markers or whether different walking intensities elicit varied effects. As there is growing interest in modifiable lifestyle ...
Hofstetter C Richard - - 2008
This study describes aerobic exercise and walking for exercise behaviors among the Korean American population, a rapidly growing minority. Data for this study were drawn from a representative survey of Californians of Korean descent (N = 2,830) conducted by telephone; 86% of eligible participants completed interviews in either Korean or ...
Marrara Kamilla Tays - - 2008
AIM: To verify the outcome of different physical therapy interventions in activities of daily living of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Twenty-two COPD individuals were randomly divided into three groups: the Lower Limb Training Group (LLTG, n=8) performed treadmill exercise, Upper Limb Training Group (ULTG, n=8) performed ...
Shaber Justin D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Rate responsive (RR) pacemakers are commonly implanted with nominal conservative factory-set responsiveness, which is usually accepted because established exercise protocols are time-consuming. We aimed for efficient assessment of RR pacemaker settings. METHODS: We tested exercise heart rates in controls and paced patients using a brief exercise test that approximates ...
Lenné Michael G MG Monash University Accident Research Centre, Building 70, Monash University, 3800, Victoria, Australia. - - 2008
This research evaluated the effects of an advance warning device (AWD) on the safety of driver interactions with emergency vehicles (EVs). The AWD was intended to provide drivers with advance warning of an approaching on-call EV via visual and auditory warnings when the EV was within a 300- to 400-m ...
Langhammer Birgitta B Faculty of Health, Physiotherapy Programme, Oslo University College, Oslo, - - 2008
To evaluate the impact of two different physiotherapy exercise regimes in patients after acute stroke on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and to investigate how the degree of motor and balance function, gait capacity, activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living influenced HRQoL. A longitudinal randomized controlled ...
Bleyenheuft C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In the hemiplegic adult, gait is frequently perturbed by lack of ankle dorsiflexion at toe-off and may prompt prescription of an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO). Our objective was to evaluate the effect on gait of a dynamic AFO (the Chignon orthosis) in comparison with a prefabricated AFO (PAFO). METHOD: Ten ...
Suminski Richard R - - 2008
This study examined the reliability of the block walk method (BWM) for observing physical activity on suburban sidewalks/streets. Trained observers simultaneously walked 40 sidewalk/street segments each 1525 m in length at a pace of 30.5 m/min while recording the number of individuals walking/bicycling/jogging and the address where the activity occurred. ...
Vashdi E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Intellectual Disability (ID) exhibit reduced levels of compliance to exercise, including treadmill walking. The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of several training conditions on compliance to participation in treadmill walking of children with moderate to severe ID. METHOD: Criteria for compliance were the ...
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