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Naumann Rebecca B RB National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2009
There are many factors that influence older adults' travel choices. This paper explores the associations between mode of travel choice for a short trip and older adults' personal characteristics. This study included 406 drivers over the age of 64 who were enrolled in a large integrated health plan in the ...
Nose Hiroshi - - 2009
There is no exercise training regimen broadly available in the field to increase physical fitness and prevent lifestyle-related diseases in middle-aged and older people. We have developed interval walking training (IWT) repeating five or more sets of 3 min fast walking at 70% peak aerobic capacity for walking (w ) ...
Focht Brian C - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of brief walks completed in outdoor and laboratory environments on affective responses, enjoyment, and intention to walk for exercise. Thirty-five active young women (M age = 22.14 years, SD = 1.73) walked for 10 min at a self-selected intensity in ...
Abel Mark G - - 2009
This study examined whether differences in waist circumference (WC) and pedometer placement (anterior vs. midaxillary vs. posterior) affect the agreement between pedometer and observed steps during treadmill and self-paced walking. Participants included 19 pairs of youth (9- 15-years-old) who were matched for sex, race, and height and stratified by WC ...
DaSilva Sergio Gregorio - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of adiposity (% body fat) on physiological, perceptual, and affective responses during walking. 45 women were divided into low, medium, and high tertiles according to % body fat. Each participant completed a maximal exercise test and a 20-min. bout of ...
Globas Christoph - - 2009
Stroke commonly leads to reduced mobility, which leads to deconditioning and a worsening of vascular risk factors, such as diabetes. The worsened risk profile leads to further strokes and disability--a vicious cycle for the stroke survivor. Exercise (walking) therapy may break this cycle by providing adequate stimuli for improving gait ...
VanSwearingen Jessie M - - 2009
Therapeutic activities to improve mobility often include walking practice and exercises to improve deficits in endurance, strength, and balance. Because walking may also be energy inefficient in people with decreased mobility, another approach is to reduce energy cost by improving timing and coordination (TC) of movement. This pilot randomized trial ...
Karapolat H - - 2009
AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of conventional exercise (CE), swimming and walking on the pulmonary functions, aerobic capacity, quality of life, Bath indexes and psychological symptoms in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Forty-five patients were randomised into either swimming (group 1), walking (group ...
Karapolat H - - 2009
AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of conventional exercise (CE), swimming and walking on the pulmonary functions, aerobic capacity, quality of life, Bath indexes and psychological symptoms in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Forty-five patients were randomised into either swimming (group 1), walking (group ...
de Jong Johan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in heart rate during submaximal exercise as an index of cardiovascular function in older adults participating in the Groningen Active Living Model recreational sports programme who were sedentary or underactive at baseline. A repeated measurement design was conducted; 151 participants were ...
Hansen Ernst A - - 2009
Energy expenditure and comfort for Nordic walking with self-selected and 7.5-cm shorter poles and ordinary walking were measured during uphill (12 degrees ), downhill (12 degrees ), and horizontally. Twelve (11 women and 1 man) Nordic walking practitioners participated (mean +/- SEM: 171.5 +/- 1.5 cm, 67.0 +/- 2.7 kg, ...
Protas Elizabeth J EJ School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to pilot test a function-focused exercise intervention consisting of strength and gait-speed training in elders with reduced walking speed, decreased walking endurance, and functional impairment. Twelve participants, 77.2 years old (+/-7.34), whose usual gait speed was <0.85 m/s, with walking endurance of <305 m ...
McGregor Stephen J - - 2009
Regularity statistics have been previously applied to walking gait measures in the hope of gaining insight into the complexity of gait under different conditions and in different populations. Traditional regularity statistics are subject to the requirement of stationarity, a limitation for examining changes in complexity under dynamic conditions such as ...
Jürimäe Toivo - - 2009
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the physiological reaction to the different intensity Nordic Walking exercise in young females with different aerobic capacity values. Twenty-eight 19-24-year-old female university students participated in the study. Their peak O2 consumption (VO2 peak kg(-1)) and individual ventilatory threshold (IVT) were measured ...
Raimundo Armando M - - 2009
In this study, we compared the efficacy of 8 months of low-frequency vibration and a walk-based program in health-related fitness. Twenty-seven postmenopausal women were randomly assigned into two groups: whole-body vibration (WBV) group (n = 18) performed three times/week a static exercise on a vibration platform (6 sets of 1-min ...
Salzman Steve H - - 2009
FEV(1) is recommended for rating the severity of obstructive and restrictive pulmonary diseases, but it only moderately correlates with quality of life, mortality, and functional status. The 6-min walk test (6MWT) has been increasingly used in clinical practice and research studies as an objective measurement of functional status in patients ...
Jones Lynette M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Walking is usually undertaken at a speed that coincides with the lowest metabolic cost. Aging however, alters the speed-cost relationship, as preferred walking speeds decrease and energy costs increase. It is unclear to what extent this relationship is affected when older women undertake walking as an exercise modality. The ...
Olawale O A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with stroke usually demonstrate activity limitations manifested by reduced ability to perform daily functions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of treadmill walking and overground walking exercise training on walking function in adult patients with stroke. METHODS: Participants were forty (40) patients with ...
Barrett C L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES), is a means of producing a contraction in a paralyzed or weak muscle to enable function through electrical excitation of the innervating nerve. OBJECTIVE: This two-group randomized trial assessed the effects of single channel common peroneal nerve stimulation on objective aspects of gait relative to ...
Manfredini F - - 2009
Haemodialysis patients have few endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and an unfavourable cardiovascular outcome. The effects on peripheral blood CD34(+) cells and EPCs of a 6-month walking exercise programme were studied. Thirty dialysis patients (20 males, age 67 +/- 12 years) were prescribed exercise (two daily 10-min home walking sessions at ...
Benedetti M G - - 2009
The effect of specific exercise therapy programs on the management of balance and walking disorders in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients have not been fully explained yet. Reproducible measurement systems are especially required to show their efficacy. The aim of the present case series study was to explore the feasibility of ...
Geddes E Lynne EL Physical Therapy, The George Washington, University, Washington, - - 2009
To investigate the effects of a 12-week home walking program on cardiovascular parameters, fatigue perception, and walking distance in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Twelve ambulatory persons with MS, not currently participating in exercise were randomly assigned to control (C) or experimental groups (EX). Pretest data collection included resting HR, ...
Hillman C H CH Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, 317 Louise Freer Hall, 906 South Goodwin Avenue, University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. - - 2009
The effect of an acute bout of moderate treadmill walking on behavioral and neuroelectric indexes of the cognitive control of attention and applied aspects of cognition involved in school-based academic performance were assessed. A within-subjects design included 20 preadolescent participants (age=9.5+/-0.5 years; eight female) to assess exercise-induced changes in performance ...
Karageorghis Costas I - - 2009
The present study examined the impact of motivational music and oudeterous (neutral in terms of motivational qualities) music on endurance and a range of psychophysical indices during a treadmill walking task. Experimental participants (N=30; mean age=20.5 years, SD=1.0 years) selected a program of either pop or rock tracks from artists ...
Jehn Melissa - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use an accelerometer to measure daily walking performance in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) to investigate if this parameter is a determinant of New York Heart Association class and indicative of maximal and functional exercise capacity. METHODS: Fifty patients with CHF ...
Hui S S C - - 2009
1. A 12-week Tai Chi or walking exercise intervention produced significant and similar beneficial effects on body composition, aerobic fitness, muscular fitness, fasting blood glucose, resting metabolic rate, and perceived health in middle-aged Chinese. 2. While Tai Chi and walking both elicited significant cardiorespiratory responses and energy expenditure to the ...
Dettmers C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Effects of endurance training in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients complaining of motor fatigue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty MS patients complaining of fatigue with low to moderate disabilities randomly allocated to the intervention (thrice weekly 45-min intervals of endurance exercise) or control treatment (three 45-min episodes of stretching, balance training ...
McDermott Mary M MM Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2009
Neither supervised treadmill exercise nor strength training for patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) without intermittent claudication have been established as beneficial. To determine whether supervised treadmill exercise or lower extremity resistance training improve functional performance of patients with PAD with or without claudication. Randomized controlled clinical trial performed at ...
Paul Lorna - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine the physiological cost of walking in subjects with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and a matched control group, walking at their preferred and at matched walking speeds. METHODS: Seventeen people with CFS and 17 matched-controls participated in this observational study of physiological cost during over-ground gait. Each subject ...
Sibley Kathryn M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gait dysfunction and fatigue are common post-stroke, though it is unclear how extended walking activity, as would be performed during activities of daily living, may change over time. The purpose of this study was to examine if spatial and temporal gait variables deteriorate during an extended bout of walking ...
White Daniel K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in walking activity and endurance after interdisciplinary rehabilitation in people with Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Clinic, home, and community. PARTICIPANTS: Mild to moderate PD (Hoehn and Yahr stage 2-3). INTERVENTIONS: Three experimental conditions lasting 6 weeks in duration: (1) no active rehabilitation; ...
Merom Dafna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Walking is the most prevalent form of leisure time physical activity (LTPA). Advances in measurement of walking depend on understanding sources of error in self report. We examined the effect of prompting "walking for exercise, recreation, and sport" (WERS) upon surveillance estimates of LTPA and assessed what types of ...
Ring Haim - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the effects of a radio frequency-controlled neuroprosthesis on gait stability and symmetry to the effects obtained with a standard ankle-foot orthosis (AFO). METHODS: A total of 15 patients (mean age: 52.2 +/- 3.6 years) with prior chronic hemiparesis resulting from stroke or traumatic brain injury ...
Shimomura Kohsuke - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We have developed an exercise machine prototype for increasing exercise intensity by means of passively exercising lower limb muscles. The purpose of the present study was to compare the passive exercise intensity of our newly-developed machine with the intensities of different types of exercises. We also attempted to measure ...
Santos-Rocha Rita - - 2009
The analysis of ground reaction forces (GRFs) helps one understand the magnitude and pattern of loading experienced by the body while in contact with the ground in locomotor actions. The GRFs reflect a general indicator of mechanical loading on the musculoskeletal system, establishing the "whole-body biomechanical intensity" of physical activity ...
Coote Susan - - 2009
People with Multiple Sclerosis have a life long need for physiotherapy and exercise interventions due to the progressive nature of the disease and their greater risk of the complications of inactivity. The Multiple Sclerosis Society of Ireland run physiotherapy, yoga and exercise classes for their members, however there is little ...
Saunders David H DH Department of Physical Education Sport and Leisure Studies, University of Edinburgh, St Leonards Land, Holyrood Road, Edinburgh, Midlothian, UK, EH8 - - 2009
Physical fitness is low after stroke. It is unknown whether improving physical fitness after stroke reduces disability. To determine whether fitness training (cardiorespiratory or strength, or both) after stroke reduces death, dependence and disability. The secondary aims were to determine the effects of fitness training on physical fitness, mobility, physical ...
Garg Parveen K - - 2009
Few modifiable behaviors have been identified that are associated with slower rates of functional decline in persons with lower-extremity peripheral arterial disease. We determined whether higher levels of physical activity during daily life are associated with less functional decline in persons with peripheral arterial disease. The study population included 203 ...
Dreher M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is known to cause significant deoxygenation in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) has been shown to improve oxygenation and physical activity in these patients, no practical approach for the application of NPPV during walking has yet been established. ...
Lee A L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) is a widely used measurement of functional exercise capacity in chronic lung disease. While exercise intolerance has been identified in patients with bronchiectasis, the clinical determinants of the 6MWT in this population have not been examined. The aim of this study was to 1) ...
Foissac Matthieu - - 2009
The objectives of the experiment were (i) to characterize the mechanical properties of backpacks and (ii) to study the influence of a flexible backpack on the energetics and kinematics of walking. Twelve subjects walked at different speeds on a treadmill with each of two backpacks loaded with 25% bodyweight, with ...
Houser Jeremy James - - 2008
This study aims to investigate the effects of shoe traction and obstacle height on friction during walking to better understand the mechanisms required to avoid slippage following obstacle clearance. Ten male subjects walked at a self-selected pace during eight different conditions: four obstacle heights (0%, 10%, 20% and 40% of ...
Zani Peter A - - 2008
Evolution has produced a wide range of body plans, but for a given body mass, the energetic cost of transport (COT) of terrestrial animals falls in a relatively narrow range. Previous research indicates that the COT depends on the proficiency of minimizing mechanical work performed, efficiency of performing that work, ...
Vilhena de Mendonça Gonçalo - - 2008
There have been few studies of clinical relevance conducted on the reliability of walking economy. This study was designed to determine if walking economy reproducibility increases as a function of walking intensity, and if there is any advantage in expressing walking economy as net oxygen uptake (VO2) rather than gross ...
Agiovlasitis Stamatis - - 2008
This study examined whether the walk-to-run transition speed (W-RTS) and the run-to-walk transition speed (R-WTS) were different or more variable between participants with and without intellectual disability (ID). Nine adults with ID and 10 adults without ID completed in a series of walk-to-run and run-to-walk trials on a treadmill. W-RTS ...
van Eijkeren Frank J M - - 2008
Nordic walking may improve mobility in Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we examined whether the beneficial effects persist after the training period. We included 19 PD patients [14 men; mean age 67.0 years (range 58-76); Hoehn and Yahr stage range 1-3] who received a 6-week Nordic walking exercise program. Outcome was ...
Kluding Patricia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Body system impairments following stroke have a complex relationship with functional activities. Although gait and balance deficits are well-documented in people after stroke, the overlapping influence of body impairments makes it difficult to prioritize interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between prospectively selected measures of body function and ...
Dickstein Ruth - - 2008
PURPOSE: Walking speed is a cardinal indicator of poststroke gait performance; however, no consensus exists regarding the optimal treatment method(s) for its enhancement. The most widely accepted criterion for establishing the contribution of treatment to walking speed is the gain in speed. The actual speed, however, at the end of ...
Ploughman Michelle - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether acute exercise, using a body-weight-supported treadmill, improves performance on subsequent cognitive tests or an upper-extremity task in people with stroke. DESIGN: The study was a within-subject, cross-over design in which 21 subjects received, randomly, 2 different testing sequences separated by an interval of 7 to 10 ...
Groth Susan W - - 2008
To describe the attitudes and preferences of ethnically diverse new mothers on weight and exercise. Exploratory, qualitative study. Forty-nine ethnically diverse women were interviewed during the first year following childbirth regarding beliefs about weight, choices of exercise, walking for exercise, perceived benefits, barriers, and facilitators of exercise. Content analysis techniques ...
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