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Svendsen Jon C - - 2010
Members of the family Embiotocidae exhibit a distinct gait transition from exclusively pectoral fin oscillation to combined pectoral and caudal fin propulsion with increasing swimming speed. The pectoral-caudal gait transition occurs at a threshold speed termed U(p-c). The objective of this study was to partition aerobic and anaerobic swimming costs ...
Stöggl Thomas - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to compare the variability of biomechanical variables during treadmill walking using unstable shoes (Masai Barefoot Technology, MBT, Roggwil, Switzerland) and conventional shoes, before and after a 10 week (wk) training period. Cycle characteristics, plantar pressure distribution, whole body 3D kinematics, and electromyographic signals of ...
Bemelmans Remy H H - - 2010
Physical exercise has multiple beneficial health effects. Yearly, over five million persons walk a pilgrimage in various parts of the World, and this number is increasing. Here we report the effects on vascular function and cardiovascular risk factors of a 12-day pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in Spain. Twenty-nine healthy ...
de Liefde Inge I - - 2010
AIM: To assess the predictive value of a decline in total walking distance and ankle brachial index (ABI) on all-cause mortality and cardiac death in patients with known or suspected peripheral artery disease. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-one patients, who performed single-stage treadmill walking test twice to evaluate their peripheral ...
Ruckstuhl Heidi - - 2010
Knowledge of changes in oxygen consumption during reduced body weight loading at different speed levels is important, in particular in astronauts who may lose aerobic fitness as well as in clinical patients (e.g., in obese individuals at walking speeds or in injured athletes at running speeds). Therefore, the aim of ...
Starholm Inger-Marie - - 2010
Transfemoral amputees often report that walking on tilted pavements or on terrain with the prosthesis on the side of higher elevation is quite strenuous. This study investigates the energy expenditure of transfemoral amputees (n = 8) on a motorized treadmill, simulating different strenuous outdoor walking conditions. Oxygen uptake at self-selected ...
Pariser Gina G Physical Therapy Program, Bellarmine University, Louisville, - - 2010
Some adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have comorbidities and mobility impairments that limit their exercise capacity. In consideration of this, we developed and piloted a program called Active Steps for Diabetes for people with T2DM, comorbidities, and mobility impairments. The purpose of this paper was to report outcomes ...
Lam Judith M JM University of Zürich, Zürich, - - 2010
Aerobic treadmill exercise (T-EX) therapy has been shown to benefit walking and cardiorespiratory fitness in stroke survivors with chronic gait impairment even long after their stroke. The response, however, varies between individuals. The purpose of this post hoc analysis of 2 randomized controlled T-EX trials was to identify predictors for ...
Siebert Kara L - - 2010
These case reports describe a stationary cycling intervention and outcomes for two child participants (P1 and P2) with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. Each child completed a 12-week, 30-session cycling intervention consisting of strengthening and cardiorespiratory fitness phases. P1 exhibited higher training intensities, particularly during the cardiorespiratory phase. Average training heart ...
Morgan Amy L - - 2010
To determine whether individuals participating in a program designed to accumulate 10,000 steps/ day demonstrate health, fitness and psychological benefits. Sedentary individuals (22 F, 7 M; age 59.8 +/- 5.78 yr) were randomly assigned into a walking (W, n = 14) or control (C, n = 15) group. Following baseline ...
Renzi Christopher P - - 2010
Exercise with limb blood flow restriction (BFR) is a very popular exercise modality in Japan and is spreading widely to the rest of the world. The underlying principle of this training modality is that under the conditions of restricted blood flow, even low-intensity exercise can provide significant muscle strength and ...
Cheng Ju-Shao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effects of combining electric stimulation (ES) with active ankle dorsiflexion while standing on a rocker board in subjects with plantarflexor spasticity after stroke. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A rehabilitation medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects (N=15) with spastic foot after stroke. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomly assigned ...
Sasai Hiroyuki - - 2010
AIM: Poor functional fitness of the lower extremities is a potentially modifiable risk factor for falls. This study compared the Aotake stepping exercise, a unique indoor program, to walking and examined improvements in lower-extremity functional fitness. METHODS: We non-randomly assigned 36 community-dwelling older adults (age 67.3 +/- 3.7 years) to ...
J?rgensen J?rgen Roed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Stroke can result in severe motor deficits, and many people who have survived a stroke have poor cardiovascular fitness, with potentially disabling effects on daily life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of intensive physical training on gait performance and cardiovascular health parameters in ...
Cox Kay L - - 2010
All types of aerobic exercise are assumed to affect cardiovascular risk similarly. There are few studies of swimming, but complex responses to water-based exercise suggest its potential for differential effects. The aim of the study was to compare the effects of swimming and walking on fitness, body weight, lipids, glucose, ...
King James A - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study examined the effect of an acute bout of brisk walking on appetite, energy intake, and the appetite-stimulating hormone-acylated ghrelin. METHODS: Fourteen healthy young males (age 21.9 +/- 0.5 yr, body mass index 23.4 +/- 0.6 kg x m(-2), (.)VO2max 55.9 +/- 1.8 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1); ...
Billinger Sandra A - - 2010
PURPOSE: Stroke-related deficits can impede both functional performance and walking tolerance. Individuals with hemiparesis rely on the stronger limb during exercise and functional tasks. The single limb exercise (SLE) intervention was a unique training protocol that focused only on the hemiparetic limb. Our objective was to determine the effect of ...
Park Saejong - - 2010
Walk training with blood flow occlusion (OCC-walk) leads to muscle hypertrophy; however, cardiorespiratory endurance in response to OCC-walk is unknown. Ischemia enhances the adaptation to endurance training such as increased maximal oxygen uptake (VO₂(max)) and muscle glycogen content. Thus, we investigated the effects of an OCC-walk on cardiorespiratory endurance, anaerobic ...
Korkiakangas Eveliina E - - 2010
A pedometer helps adults exercise more, but sedentary adults need instruction and advice to be motivated to use one. We conducted this qualitative study to describe the experiences of participants at high risk of type 2 diabetes who began using a pedometer. A total of 74 people at high risk ...
Dal Ugur - - 2010
The energy consumption of walking relates to the intensity of physical effort and can be affected by the alterations in walking speed. Therefore, walking speed can be accepted as a crucial, determinant of energy consumption measurement for a walking test. We aimed to investigate the differences in preferred walking speed ...
Eijsvogels Thijs - - 2010
Increased cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a marker for cardiac damage, has been reported after strenuous exercise in young subjects. However, little is known about changes in cTnI after moderate-intensity exercise in a heterogenous population or which factors may contribute to this change in cTnI levels. We examined cTnI levels before ...
Menadue C - - 2010
To determine whether the level of pressure support (PS) provided during exercise influences endurance time in people with severe kyphoscoliosis, a double-blind randomised crossover study was performed. We hypothesised that high-level PS would be required to enhance endurance time in this population with high impedance to inflation. 13 participants with ...
Weikert Madeline - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Motion sensors such as accelerometers have been recognized as an ideal measure of physical activity in persons with MS. This study examined the hypothesis that accelerometer movement counts represent a measure of both physical activity and walking mobility in individuals with MS. METHODS: The sample included 269 individuals with ...
de Bruin Natalie - - 2010
This study explored the viability and efficacy of integrating cadence-matched, salient music into a walking intervention for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Twenty-two people with PD were randomised to a control (CTRL, n = 11) or experimental (MUSIC, n = 11) group. MUSIC subjects walked with an individualised music playlist ...
Leung Regina W M - - 2010
Does an eight-week program of walk training improve endurance walking capacity in people with COPD compared to cycle training? Does walk training improve peak walking capacity, cycle capacity, and quality of life compared to cycle training? Is the endurance shuttle walk test (ESWT) responsive to change in walking capacity elicited ...
Hendrick Paul - - 2010
This study examined differences in accelerometer output when subjects walked on level ground and on a treadmill. We asked 25 nondisabled participants to wear an RT3 triaxial accelerometer (StayHealthy, Inc; Monrovia, California) and walk at their "normal" and "brisk" walking speeds for 10 minutes. These activities were repeated on a ...
Beraud R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of moderate exercise on kinetic gait analysis using a force platform in dogs with hindlimb lameness due to osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Ten control dogs (Control) and 10 dogs presented with chronic and stable hindlimb lameness (OA) were recruited. Dogs were subjected to force platform gait ...
Su Steven W - - 2010
Heart rate is one of the major indications of human cardiovascular response to exercises. This study investigates human heart rate response dynamics to moderate exercise. A healthy male subject has been asked to walk on a motorised treadmill under a predefined exercise protocol. ECG, body movements, and oxygen saturation (SpO2) ...
Adedoyin Rufus A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess the functional capacity during a 6-minute corridor walk and a 6-minute bicycle ergometry exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Thirty five patients with stable CHF were recruited for the study. Each subject performed six minutes corridor walk and 6-minute bicycle ...
Breyer Marie-Kathrin - - 2010
In patients with COPD progressive dyspnoea leads to a sedentary lifestyle. To date, no studies exist investigating the effects of Nordic Walking in patients with COPD. Therefore, the aim was to determine the feasibility of Nordic Walking in COPD patients at different disease stages. Furthermore we aimed to determine the ...
Baig Dur-E-Zehra DE School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications, the University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, Australia. - - 2010
The aim of this paper is to study the human Heart Rate (HR) response during walking, cycling and rowing exercises using linear time varying (LTV) models. We used the frequency of exercise locomotion as the input to the model. This frequency characterizes the stride rate, cadence rate and strokes rate ...
Langhammer Birgitta - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate spatial and temporal gait characteristics and endurance late after stroke in people who had received two different walking exercises. A secondary aim was to compare the outcomes in relation to length of time exercising and number of exercise occasions between the two. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. ...
Figard-Fabre H - - 2010
This study aimed to compare physiological and perceptual responses to Nordic walking (NW) in obese women to those of walking (W), and to assess if these responses were modified by a learning period of NW technique. Eleven middle-aged obese women completed exercise trials (5 min each) at 4 km/h, inclinations ...
Calvert L D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: It is well documented that plasma ammonia accumulates during exercise under conditions of metabolic stress. Metabolic stress (when skeletal muscle ATP supply fails to meet demand) occurs at low work rates during cycling in patients with COPD, but not been described during walking. Walking is an important activity for ...
Kong Pui W - - 2010
This study compared the gait characteristics of individuals walking in heat while wearing firefighting equipment in fatigued and non-fatigued states. Nineteen subjects performed a 50-min treadmill protocol in a heated room while gait patterns were recorded using a digital video camcorder. Forty gait cycles were analyzed near the beginning (9 ...
Ng Shamay S M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether surface electrical stimulation can increase the effectiveness of task-related exercises for improving the walking capacity of patients with chronic stroke. DESIGN: Randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Home-based programme. SUBJECTS: One hundred and nine hemiparetic stroke survivors were assigned randomly to: (1) transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), ...
Shimada Hiroyuki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reduced gait speed and stride length are characteristic of gait in elderly people and increase their dependency on assistance. We developed a robotic stride assistance system (SAS) to automatically control the walk ratio during walking. Our aim was to quantify the effects of a walking exercise with the SAS ...
Mudge Suzie - - 2009
Mudge S, Barber PA, Stott NS. Circuit-based rehabilitation improves gait endurance but not usual walking activity in chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether circuit-based rehabilitation would increase the amount and rate that individuals with stroke walk in their usual environments. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: ...
Hamamura S - - 2009
This retrospective, observational study was designed to investigate factors affecting successful prosthetic ambulation in elderly amputees aged > or = 60 years. The study included 64 unilateral transfemoral or hip disarticulation amputees. Patients who were able to walk > or = 100 m with prosthesis were classified as successful and ...
Schwartz Michael A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine associations of the built environment surrounding worksites and of work policies with walking behaviors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional convenience sample survey. SETTING: Workplace. SUBJECTS: Employed adults residing in Montgomery County, Maryland. MEASURES: Four different step measures taken at or near work as recorded using an accelerometer and a fifth ...
Mündermann Annegret - - 2009
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a change in serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) concentration is related to joint load during a 30-min walking exercise in patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA) and in age-matched control subjects. Blood samples were drawn from 42 ...
Parr B M BM Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town. - - 2009
To compare the effect of two training programmes and advice to exercise at home on physiological adaptations in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). 30 patients with a typical history of PAD and intermittent claudication were randomised to either an upper body strength training programme (UBST), a dynamic (walking, cycling, ...
Rodríguez Daniel A DA Department of City and Regional Planning, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3140, USA. - - 2009
The neighborhood environment may play a role in encouraging sedentary patterns, especially for middle-aged and older adults. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between walking and neighborhood population density, retail availability, and land-use distribution using data from a cohort of adults aged 45 to 84 years. ...
Shanthikumar Shivanthan - - 2010
Exercise related lower limb injuries (ERLLI), are common in the recreational and competitive sporting population. Although ERLLI are thought to be multi-factorial in aetiology, one of the critical predisposing factors is known to gait abnormality. There is little published evidence comparing walking and running gait in the same subjects, and ...
Johannsen Leif L University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Bilateral arm training with rhythmic auditory cueing (BATRAC) improves hemiparetic upper extremity (UE) function in stroke. It is unknown whether a similar exercise for the hemiparetic lower extremity (LE) is effective. The authors sought to test whether the BATRAC strategy would transfer to the legs by improving LE motor function ...
Menadue Collette - - 2010
To determine the immediate effects of bilevel non-invasive ventilation plus oxygen (NIV+O(2)) during exercise compared to exercise with O(2) alone in people recovering from acute on chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (HRF), a randomised crossover study with repeated measures was performed. Eighteen participants performed six minute walk tests (6MWT) and 16 ...
Kocur Piotr - - 2009
To investigate the effects of Nordic Walking training supplemental to a standard, early rehabilitation programme on exercise capacity and physical fitness in men after an acute coronary syndrome. A controlled trial. Cardiac rehabilitation service of a provincial hospital. Eighty men 2-3 weeks after an acute coronary syndrome, with good exercise ...
Pelosin Elisa - - 2009
Gait disturbances are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD) and are associated with increased energy expenditure during walking. This study evaluated whether the effects of treadmill training are associated with an improvement of walking economy. Ten patients with idiopathic PD underwent treadmill training (30 min, three times a week for 4 ...
Naumann Rebecca B RB National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2009
There are many factors that influence older adults' travel choices. This paper explores the associations between mode of travel choice for a short trip and older adults' personal characteristics. This study included 406 drivers over the age of 64 who were enrolled in a large integrated health plan in the ...
Nose Hiroshi - - 2009
There is no exercise training regimen broadly available in the field to increase physical fitness and prevent lifestyle-related diseases in middle-aged and older people. We have developed interval walking training (IWT) repeating five or more sets of 3 min fast walking at 70% peak aerobic capacity for walking (w ) ...
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