Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 919
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Mauritz K-H - - 2002
Restoration of gait is a major goal in neurological rehabilitation. Before starting therapy, a comprehensive assessment is necessary to evaluate the deficits and remaining functions. A wide variety of therapeutic procedures are available and have to be adapted to the individual situation - different concepts of physiotherapy stress different features ...
Highcock Martin P - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Noninvasive intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) may improve exercise performance in COPD patients. It is not known whether this also applies to other patient groups such as those with restrictive respiratory diseases. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Regional center for assisted ventilation. SUBJECTS: Eight patients with severe congenital scoliosis. ...
Kwakkel Gert - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The effects of different durations of rehabilitation sessions for the upper extremities (UEs) and lower extremities (LEs) on the recovery of interlimb coordination in hemiplegic gait in patients who have had a stroke were investigated. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-three subjects who had strokes involving their middle cerebral ...
Buckley John G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the energy expenditure and subjective comfort rating of walking in transtibial amputee patients using their prosthesis fitted either with or without a tele-torsion device (TT Pylon). DESIGN: Randomized, before-after trial. SETTING: Gait laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Six men, moderately active, with unilateral transtibial amputation (mean age, 39.5 +/- 9.9y). ...
Whitney Jo Anne D - - 2002
This study explored whether preoperative activity, anesthesia, or analgesia influence early postoperative walking after total hip replacement (THR). Data were collected as part of a randomized intervention study of standard or augmented postoperative activity and its influence on wound healing. More than half of all subjects did not exercise regularly. ...
Gartenmann Ch - - 2002
In patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) stage II, exercise training seems to be important to reduce symptoms and improve functional capacity. We evaluated the effects of an out-patient treatment program on walking distance (standardized treadmill testing), training exercise capacity, and disease specific quality of life (PAVK-86 questionnaire). Thirty-one ...
Abel R - - 2002
A prospective study was performed to evaluate the gait training of seven consecutive spinal cord injured patients and 10 controls on a treadmill using instrumented gait analysis and video documentation. To determine whether it is possible to maintain gait motion within physiological limits during treadmill training. Primary and secondary care ...
Ku Jeonghun - - 2002
We developed a Virtual Reality Driving Simulator in order to safely evaluate and improve the driving ability of the handicapped. The Virtual Environment consists of 18 sections (e.g. a speed limited road, a strait road, a curved road, a left turn course, etc) and each section is linked naturally. For ...
Dyer C A E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is a concern that comorbidity or frailty in older people could limit the usefulness of currently available exercise tests for chronic lung disease. This study evaluated the feasibility and reproducibility of the incremental shuttle walking test (SWT) in people aged 70 years or over, compared exercise tolerance with ...
Derave W - - 2002
This study was undertaken to explore the nature of impaired postural stability following physical exercise. Nine healthy subjects (aged 24 +/- 3 years) were subjected to 30 min of treadmill walking or running on two separate occasions. Walking and running speeds (1.9 to 2.2 m/s) were chosen to induce equal ...
Weisman I M - - 2001
Clinical exercise testing is increasingly being utilized in clinical practice because of the valuable, often unique information that it provides in patient diagnosis and management. This is also due to a growing awareness that resting cardiopulmonary measurements provide an unreliable estimate of functional capacity. A continuum of exercise testing modalities ...
Chetta A - - 2001
The six-minute walking test (6MWT) has been widely utilized to evaluate global exercise capacity in patients with cystic fibrosis. The aim of this study was to assess the exercise capacity by 6MWT, measuring four outcome measures: walk distance, oxygensaturation and pulse rate during the walk, and breathlessness perception after the ...
Mills P M - - 2001
This study examined the effect of ageing on the swing phase mechanics of young and elderly gait. Sagittal plane marker trajectories and force plate data were collected while 10 young (24.9+/-0.9 years) and eight elderly (68.9+/-0.4 years) subjects walked at their preferred walking speeds. Comparison between young and elderly gait ...
Ball K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate relationships between environmental aesthetics, convenience, and walking companions and walking for exercise or recreation and to investigate differences in these relationships by sex and by reported physical and mental health. METHODS: Analyses of cross-sectional self-report data from a statewide population survey of 3,392 Australian ...
Walsh J M - - 2001
To describe patterns of physical activity and to determine factors associated with engaging in regular exercise, especially walking, in elderly white women. Cross-sectional study of 9,442 independently living elderly white women aged 65 years and over participating in the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. We studied the association between lifestyle habits, ...
Copp N H NH Joint Science Department, Keck Science Center, The Claremont Colleges, CA 91711, USA. - - 2001
Swimmeret beating was monitored in freely moving specimens of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii as they exhibited defense turn responses to tactile stimuli. Analysis of videotape records revealed alterations in swimmeret beating during turning responses compared to straight, forward walking. During turns, swimmerets beat with shorter periods and smaller amplitude power ...
Lin C J - - 2001
The effect of changing the foot progression angle on the peak knee adduction moment (KAM) during stance was investigated in 48 teenagers. They underwent gait analysis when walking in three different postures: normal walking, intentional in-toeing, and intentional out-toeing. The peak KAM when in-toeing was the highest and was statistically ...
Keller C - - 2001
The beneficial effects of moderate-intensity exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition are well documented, with the greatest health benefits reported in sedentary individuals who engage in moderate levels of exercise. The published literature contains no quantification of the threshold of lower limits of beneficial exercise or estimates of benefits ...
Salbach N M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To identify the most responsive method of measuring gait speed, to estimate the responsiveness of other outcome measures, and to determine whether gait speed predicts discharge destination in acute stroke. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Five acute-care hospitals. PATIENTS: Fifty subjects with residual gait deficits after a first-time ...
Shono T - - 2001
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not the exercise intensity of water-walking for elderly women could be accurately prescribed by heart rate data obtained during treadmill exercise on land. Six healthy female volunteers, with a mean age of 62.2 +/- 4.2 years, took part in ...
Barker G A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Supplementation with propionyl-L-carnitine (PLC) may be of use in improving the exercise capacity of people with peripheral arterial disease. METHODS: After a 2-wk exercise familiarization phase, seven subjects displaying intermittent claudication were studied over a 12-wk period consisting of three 4-wk phases, baseline (B), supplementation (S), and placebo (P). ...
Coutts R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of the modality of walking as a management strategy for patients suffering with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: Six males and fourteen females with medically diagnosed CFS (CDC, 1994), completed a 12-week walking program. Prior to starting the program ...
Garrett M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether changes in H-reflex response at midswing and midstance are related to excessive plantarflexion during walking in community walkers poststroke compared with control subjects without stroke. DESIGN: Survey of functional walking handicap in a random sample of an annual stroke cohort followed by H-reflex and M(max) testing ...
Babic J - - 2001
The aim of the experiment reported here was to determine the static and dynamic stability of two-point stance phases when walking on hands and knees at different speeds. In addition, we defined the methods and predicted the consequences of including two-point stance phases into crutch assisted functional electrical stimulation (FES) ...
Paul L M - - 2001
This study investigated anecdotal reports of gait and balance abnormalities in subjects with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) by examining the effects of a light exercise test on postural sway and various gait parameters. Tests were performed on 11 CFS patients and 11 age- and sex-matched sedentary controls. Results demonstrated that ...
Chuang M L - - 2001
The product of walking distance and body weight (D x W) mimics the work of walking. We hypothesized the superiority of D x W to walking distance (D) alone in any correlation with lung function, anaerobic threshold (AT) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). We further hypothesized that the D x ...
Macko R F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hypothesis that treadmill training will improve peak fitness, while lowering the energy cost of hemiparetic gait in chronic stroke patients. DESIGN: Noncontrolled exercise intervention study with repeated-measures analysis. SETTING: Hospital-based senior exercise research center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three patients (mean age +/- standard deviation [SD] 67 +/- 8 ...
Mognoni P - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to compare heart rate responses and speed in two cross-country skiing races, which were run by seven male and seven female subjects by using classic and free style. Heart rates and skiing velocities were analyzed over flat, uphill and downhill sections, which were run ...
McDermott M M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To describe gait alterations associated with impaired walking endurance in patients with and without lower-extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and determine whether the Caltrac accelerometer provides a valid measure of physical activity in PAD. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: PAD (n = 40) and non-PAD patients (n ...
Wang Y T YT Department of Physical Therapy, Georgia State University Atlanta 30303, USA. - - 2001
This study investigated the changes of force patterns of the heel strike and toe off phases at different heel heights during normal walking. Ten healthy female college students wore running shoes, flat leather shoes and high heeled shoes while walking on a Kistler force platform at their self-comfortable paces. It ...
Gutman I - - 2001
Walks in molecular graphs and their counts for a long time have found applications in theoretical chemistry. These are based on the fact that the (i, j)-entry of the kth power of the adjacency matrix is equal to the number of walks starting at vertex i, ending at vertex j, ...
Thomas D Q - - 2001
The Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity recommends an accumulation of 30 minutes of moderate physical activity on most, if not all, days of the week. The purpose of this study was to determine if 3 10-minute bouts of walking had the same effect on physiologic response as 1 30-minute ...
Stude D E DE Center for Clinical Studies Faculty Clinician, Northwestern Health Sciences University, Bloomington, Minn 55431, - - 2001
This investigation evaluated the effects of orthotic intervention on gait patterns and fatigue associated with 9 holes of simulated golf among a group of experienced golfers. Northwestern Health Sciences University, Bloomington, Minn. Twelve experienced golfers. By means of video freeze-frame analysis, gait was assessed in each subject before and after ...
Reed L - - 2001
This study examined the effects of two designs of rigid foot orthoses on plantar pressure measurements and identified differences between the devices. While wearing modified Root- and Blake-style orthoses, 27 subjects were examined with the Electrodynogram (EDG) in-shoe pressure measurement system. Reliability testing was performed on the EDG data. Significant ...
Ouchi Y - - 2001
The basal ganglia play a role in controlling movement during gait. The aim of the present study was to investigate changes in dopamine transporter (DAT) availability in the striatum and extrastriatal region in association with walking exercise in six normal subjects and seven age-matched unmedicated patients with Parkinson's disease. This ...
Wilbur J - - 2001
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the use of a self-report exercise log and a heart-rate monitor in the measurement of adherence to the dimensions of an exercise prescription and to propose an alternative way to define adherence to a 24-week home-based women's walking program, which reflects the ...
Wu Y J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the energy expenditure of locomotion by wheelchair with that required for prosthetic ambulation in a person with bilateral transfemoral (TF) amputations. DESIGN: Observational, single patient, descriptive. SETTING: An 80-meter long rectangular hallway in a rehabilitation unit. PATIENT: A 41-year-old woman with bilateral TF amputations that were performed ...
Trimble M H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a single bout of a locomotor-training paradigm on overground walking speed and H-reflex modulation of individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Self-selected and maximum walking speeds and soleus H-reflexes (H/M ratios) during standing and stance and ...
Harris-Love M L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Hemiparetic gait is characterized by high stride-cycle variability, diminished stance time, single-limb stance time, and stance/swing ratio in the paretic limb. Recent studies suggest treadmill (TM) training may improve the motor control underlying these variables, but supporting evidence is sparse. METHODS: This study compared gait patterns of untrained chronic ...
Gardner A W - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to determine whether peripheral arterial disease (PAD) subjects had impaired temporal and spatial gait characteristics compared to non-PAD controls at preferred and rapid self-selected walking paces. A total of 28 PAD subjects with intermittent claudication (age = 71 +/- 1; mean +/- SEM) and ...
Willson J - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether walking with poles reduces loading to the lower extremity during level over ground walking. METHODS: Three-dimensional gait analysis was conducted on 13 healthy adults who completed 10 walking trials using three different poling conditions (selected poles, poles back, and poles ...
Trueblood P R - - 2001
PURPOSE: A series of pilot studies were conducted to examine the effects of partial body weight (PBW) ambulation in people with chronic stroke. METHODS: First, we compared gait characteristics during 3 modes of walking: level ground ambulation; level ground ambulation with PBW; and treadmill ambulation with PBW. Second, we examined ...
So R H - - 2001
This study investigated the effects of navigation speed on the level of motion sickness during and after a 30-min head-steered virtual environment. Root-mean-squares for 8 speeds in the fore-and-aft axis were 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 24, 30, and 59 m/s. Participants were 96 Chinese men. Both the nausea and ...
Kageyama Y - - 2001
Supplemental oxygen therapy after pulmonary resection can generally be tapered according to arterial blood gases at rest or pulse oximetry (SpO2). However, detecting exercise-induced oxygen desaturation can be difficult. We developed the walking oximetry test (WOT) so that thoracotomy patients could be rehabilitated without the risk of undetected ambulatory hypoxemia. ...
Suzuki N - - 2001
We examined the heart rate (HR) of subjects with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) in order to estimate exercise intensity while walking. The subjects were 17 subjects with CP (14.0 +/- 3.7 years of age) containing 7 subjects rated as level 1, 4 subjects rated as level 2, and 6 subjects ...
Rose R A - - 2001
Decapod crustaceans with normal heart function respond to the increased oxygen delivery requirements during walking with a step increase in heart and ventilation rate. In American lobsters, ventilation rate increased by the same amount during exercise at two walking speeds (2.4 and 8 m min(-1)); however, ventilation volume was significantly ...
Boone T - - 2001
The purpose of the present study was to determine the metabolic cost of walking with and without a shoe-lift on the contralateral foot of an immobilised extended knee. Eight male subjects were randomly allocated and participated in both the treatment (walking with a 2.5 cm shoe-lift) and control (walking without ...
Lee R E - - 2001
Walking for exercise is becoming widely recognized for bestowing health benefits. This study examined the association of walking for exercise and mood in sedentary, ethnic minority women over a five-month period. Ethnic minority women (N = 102) participated in a randomized, controlled trial of a 7-week behaviorally based telephone and ...
Moon Myung-Sang - - 2000
Spontaneous fractures of the hip which developed after strenuous walking exercise in 8 elderly people are reported. All patients had Singh hip index 4 or below at the time of initial examination and walked from 8,000 to 10,000 steps per day. This presentation aims to arouse the attention of physicians, ...
Behnke M - - 2000
We examined the feasibility of home-based walking training to maintain the benefits of a short-term exercise training in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). After initial recovery from an exacerbation, 46 patients were randomized into a training and a control group, and 30 patients completed the programme (mean ...
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