Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 961
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Saey Didier - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the response to constant-workrate cycling exercise between the mouthpiece and the facemask in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Ten patients with COPD (FEV1: 48 +/- 14% pred, mean +/- SD) performed two symptom-limited constant-workrate cycling exercise tests at 80% of their predetermined peak exercise ...
Vandevoorde J - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine fixed cut-off points for forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1))/FEV(6) and FEV(6) as an alternative for FEV(1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) and FVC in the detection of obstructive and restrictive spirometric patterns, respectively. For the study, a total of 11,676 spirometric examinations, ...
Jungblut S - - 2006
This study intended to find simple parameters that were able to determine the increase in physical performance as a result of sport in a group of patients with COPD (lung sport). We regularly investigated pulse, oxygenation and peak expiratory flow in participants with COPD of a "lung sport group", who ...
Laude Elizabeth A - - 2006
RATIONALE: Breathing supplemental oxygen reduces breathlessness during exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Replacing nitrogen with helium reduces expiratory flow resistance and may improve lung emptying. Combining these treatments should be independently effective. OBJECTIVES: Study the effect of changing oxygen or helium concentration in inspired gas during ...
el-Kady Mona A - - 2006
This study was designed to measure auditory function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPDs) who generally suffer from chronic hypoxemia. Control and COPD subject groups received a battery of tests to assess overall hearing sensitivity and peripheral (end-organ and eighth-nerve) and brain-stem auditory function, as well as blood-gas ...
Sabapathy, Surendran
The primary aim of this thesis was to develop a better understanding of the physiology and perceptual responses associated with the performance of continuous (CE) and intermittent exercise (IE) in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A secondary aim was to examine factors that could potentially limit exercise ...
Nguyen Huong Q - - 2006
Mobile PDA/phone devices allow remote monitoring of clinical and behavioral parameters. However, passively expecting patients to use these devices may lead to low response rates. Our study, aimed at collecting exercise and symptom data from an older clinical population of patients with COPD, employed push technology principles by delivering automated ...
Eaton T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The endurance shuttle walk test (ESWT) is a standardized externally controlled constant paced field test for the assessment of endurance capacity in chronic lung disease. The ESWT has been advocated as a simple, acceptable, repeatable and responsive outcome measure for COPD patients undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation, but has not been ...
Cockram Joanne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The optimum method for sustaining the benefits gained from pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has not been determined. In this report the authors describe the 4-year referral and uptake patterns to a hospital-based outpatient PR programme, and the sustained benefits of PR in patients with COPD attending a community-based maintenance exercise ...
Wijnhoven Hanneke J H - - 2006
COPD is associated with an increased load on the diaphragm. Since chronic muscle loading results in changes in antioxidant capacity and formation of reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species, we hypothesized that COPD has a similar effect on the diaphragm, which is related to the severity of COPD. Catalase activity ...
Ambrosino Nicolino - - 2006
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often limited in their activities by breathlessness. In these patients, exercise training may result in significant improvements in dyspnea, exercise tolerance, and health related quality of life (HRQoL). Further possibilities are to reduce ventilatory demand by decreasing the central respiratory drive or ...
Puente-Maestu Luis - - 2006
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by poorly reversible airflow limitation. The pathological hallmarks of COPD are inflammation of the peripheral airways and destruction of lung parenchyma or emphysema. The functional consequences of these abnormalities are expiratory airflow limitation and dynamic hyperinflation, which then increase the elastic load of ...
Faager Gun - - 2006
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have low exercise capacity and low content of high energetic phosphates in their skeletal muscles. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether creatine supplementation together with exercise training may increase physical performance compared with exercise training in patients with COPD. ...
Chung K F - - 2006
Clinical trials of a combination therapy of an inhaled corticosteroid, fluticasone propionate (FP), with a long-acting beta2-agonist, salmeterol (Sal), have demonstrated a greater improvement in lung function and in quality of life measures after the combination compared with either component of alone. In a subanalysis of the data of the ...
Ceylan Erkan - - 2006
The budesonide-formoterol dry powder inhaler (Symbicort Turbuhaler 160/ 4.5-640/18 microg/day) contains the long-acting beta2-adrenoreceptor agonist formoterol and the inhaled corticosteroid budesonide. Two large, 12-month trials examined the effect of budesonide-formoterol 160/4.5 microg twice daily in COPD patients who met these criteria. The studies were identical, except one in which the ...
Sabapathy Surendran - - 2006
We compared exercise capacity (peak O2 uptake; VO(2peak)) and lower limb vasodilatory capacity in 9 patients with moderate COPD (FEV1 52.7 +/- 7.6% predicted) and 9 age-matched healthy control subjects. VO(2peak) was measured via open circuit spirometry during incremental cycling. Calf blood flow (CBF) measurements were obtained at rest and ...
Wijnhoven Hanneke J H - - 2006
Respiratory failure in patients with COPD may be caused by insufficient force production or insufficient endurance capacity of the respiratory muscles. Anabolic steroids may improve respiratory muscle function in COPD. The effect of anabolic steroids on mitochondrial function in the diaphragm in emphysema is unknown. In an emphysematous male hamster ...
Austin Krista G - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to compare peripheral muscle oxygenation in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to healthy control persons, during submaximal exercise. Eight persons with COPD (forced expiratory volume in one second [FEV1] = 1.00 +/- 0.27 L) and eight healthy control persons (FEV, = 1.88 ...
Tsoumakidou Maria - - 2006
Airway inflammation increases during acute exacerbations of COPD. Extrinsic factors, such as airway infections, increased air pollution, and intrinsic factors, such as increased oxidative stress and altered immunity may contribute to this increase. The evidence for this and the potential mechanisms by which various aetiological agents increase inflammation during COPD ...
Akkoca Yildiz Oznur - - 2006
The effects of anticholinergic agents or long acting beta(2)-agonists on exercise capacity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves various out come measures but there is not enough double-blind study which included comparison of different medications. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of ipratropium bromide and ...
Gosker Harry R - - 2006
Oxidative capacity and uncoupling protein-3 (UCP3) content are reduced in limb muscles of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It has been hypothesized that the physiological role of UCP3 is to protect mitochondria against lipotoxicity in cases where fatty acid influx exceeds the capacity to oxidize them. Exercise training ...
Santus P - - 2006
In 20 COPD patients (FEV(1) < or =65% predicted, IC<80% predicted), we evaluated changes in the degree of pulmonary hyperinflation after acute administration of tiotropium 18 microg or budesonide/formoterol 320/9 microg. The study consisted of a screening visit and two study days separated by at least one week. Functional parameters ...
Bo Mario - - 2006
Dyspnea is a common complaint in older subjects, but in some patients a disease responsible for this symptom is not found. We aimed to evaluate the effects of a short program of regular aerobic physical activity on dyspnea and ability to walk in a sample of older nursing home residents ...
Tateishi Yoshitaka - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Spatially resolved (SR) spectroscopy has enabled non-invasive and continuous measurement of muscle oxygen saturation during exercise. In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), skeletal muscle dysfunction has been widely studied histochemically and biochemically. However, impairment of muscle oxygenation during exercise has not been elucidated yet. METHODS: We measured ...
van Helvoort Hanneke A C - - 2005
Systemic inflammation may be present in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exercise is known to elicit an inflammatory response. We hypothesized that the systemic inflammatory response to exercise might be exaggerated in COPD patients compared to healthy subjects. Sixteen COPD patients and 11 healthy subjects performed a maximal ...
Kothari Seema A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is overwhelmingly represented among patients presenting with multifocal atrial tachycardia (MAT) and has been used as a paradigm for such patients. The quasidiagnostic tachycardia threshold for MAT is conventionally set at 100 beats/min. Nevertheless, this threshold has not been demonstrated to be ...
Oga Toru - - 2006
Dyspnoea measurements in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be broadly divided into two categories: those that assess breathlessness during exercise, and those that assess breathlessness during daily activities. We investigated the relationships between dyspnoea at the end of exercise and during daily activities with clinical measurements and mortality in ...
Malerba M - - 2006
Severe alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), due to homozygosity for the protease inhibitor (Pi) Z allele, is a genetic risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In a previous study the sputum of severe AATD subjects with airflow obstruction showed a pattern of cellular inflammation similar to COPD patients. It is ...
Mura Marco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exertional dyspnea and exercise incapacity are the most prominent and disabling symptoms and the main contributors to health-related quality of life in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). OBJECTIVES: There are no comprehensive studies on pulmonary function tests (PFTs), dyspnea, exercise capacity and radiographic scores in IPF. We therefore ...
Verkindre C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow limitation, which results in the progressive development of dyspnea and exercise limitation. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: To compare the effect of tiotropium with placebo on forced vital capacity (FVC) in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD and lung hyperinflation, using exercise endurance, dyspnea ...
Kanazawa Hiroshi - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The prevalent theory concerning the pathogenesis of COPD is that it is an imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants. However, it has been reported that a decrease in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) might affect the pathogenesis of COPD. Therefore, this study was designed to examine the differences between ...
Geddes E Lynne - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review to determine the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on inspiratory muscle strength and endurance, exercise capacity, dyspnea and quality of life for adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A systematic review of the literature was conducted according ...
Beckerman Marinella - - 2005
AIM: We assessed the long-term benefits of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on inspiratory muscle strength, exercise capacity, the perception of dyspnea, quality of life, primary care use, and hospitalizations in patients with significant COPD. PATIENTS: Forty-two consecutive COPD patients with FEV(1) < 50% of predicted were randomized into a group ...
Spruit Martijn A - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Low-grade systemic inflammation may cause a chronic catabolic state that may affect trainability in patients with COPD as has been seen previously in healthy elderly. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to study the relationship between baseline circulating levels of inflammatory markers and the response to ...
Porta Roberto - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of early exercise training in patients recovering from acute respiratory failure needing mechanical ventilation (MV). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, and controlled study. SETTING: Three respiratory intermediate ICUs (RIICUs). PATIENTS: Of 228 patients admitted to an RIICU, 66 patients weaned from MV from > 48 to ...
Jones David - - 2005
Long acting inhaled bronchodilators - beta agonists and anti-cholinergic--can improve symptoms, enhance quality of life, increase exercise ability, and reduce exacerbation rates in patients with COPD. PHARMAC needs to change policy so that these patients have easy access to this effective group of drugs.
Bobbio Antonio - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT) and Cardio-Pulmonary Exercise Testing (C-PET) are useful to evaluate operability in functionally compromised patients. Although modifications of PFT and C-PET after lung surgery have been widely explored, little information exists as to modifications of exercise capacity in COPD patients undergoing lung resection. We prospectively analyzed ...
Maltais François - - 2005
We have previously shown that tiotropium at 18 mug reduces lung hyperinflation and dyspnea during exercise and improves exercise tolerance in patients with COPD. The present study was designed to gain further insight into the duration of improvements. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study was conducted in 261 COPD patients ...
Carrieri-Kohlman Virginia - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the differences in the long-term outcomes of dyspnea, exercise performance, health-related quality of life, and health resource utilization following a dyspnea self-management program with 3 different "doses" of supervised exercise. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, single-blind, 1-year trial, patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Gigliotti Francesco - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Unlike studies on leg exercise, reports on the regulation of dynamic hyperinflation during arm exercise are scanty. We ascertained the following in patients with COPD: (1) whether and to what extent upper-limb exercise results in dynamic hyperinflation, and (2) the mechanism whereby an arm-training program (ATP) reduces arm effort ...
Sewell Louise - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to establish whether pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves domestic function and daily activity levels in COPD and whether individually targeted exercise is more effective than general exercise. DESIGN: Prospective randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient PR program in secondary care. PARTICIPANTS: One-hundred eighty patients ...
Katsura Hideki - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: COPD patients frequently complain of symptoms such as dyspnoea and leg fatigue during exercise. However, the impact of these symptoms on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is not known. This study tested whether dyspnoea and leg fatigue during exercise affects the HRQoL of patients with COPD. METHODs: In ...
Williams James S JS Department of Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences ; Department of Physiology, Texas Tech University/TTU Health Sciences Center , Lubbock, TX, - - 2005
Heavy exercise has been shown to elicit reductions in inspiratory muscle strength in healthy subjects. Our purpose was to determine the combined effects of moderate-intensity endurance exercise and a thermal load on inspiratory muscle strength in active subjects. Eight active, non heat-acclimatized female subjects (23.5 ± 1.4 yr; VO2max = ...
Mathers-Schmidt Barbara A - - 2005
The purpose of the study was to determine if inspiratory muscle training (IMT) would result in increased inspiratory muscle strength, reduced perception of exertional dyspnea, and improved measures of maximal exercise effort in an athlete with exercise-induced paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM). The participant, an 18-year-old woman, had a 2-year ...
Van Vliet Monique - - 2005
RATIONALE: Circulating levels of testosterone and gonadotrophins of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have never been compared with those of elderly men with normal pulmonary function. Moreover, the relationship of hypogonadism with quadriceps muscle weakness and exercise intolerance has been studied scarcely in men with COPD. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Norweg Anna Migliore - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To study the short-term and long-term effects of combining activity training or lectures to exercise training on quality of life, functional status, and exercise tolerance. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-three outpatients with COPD. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to one of three treatment ...
Puente-Maestu Luis - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We undertook the present study to investigate the perception of dyspnea (with respect to changes in end-inspiratory and end-expiratory lung volumes), during four different levels of high-intensity constant work rate exercise (CWRE) in patients with severe COPD. DESIGN: Crossover descriptive study with consecutively recruited subjects. SETTING: Tertiary university ...
Spahija Jadranka - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of volitional pursed-lips breathing (PLB) on breathing pattern, respiratory mechanics, operational lung volumes, and dyspnea in patients with COPD. SUBJECTS: Eight COPD patients (6 male and 2 female) with a mean (+/-SD) age of 58 +/- 11 years and a mean FEV1 of 1.34 ...
Steiner M C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle adenine nucleotide loss has been associated with fatigue during high intensity exercise in healthy subjects but has not been studied in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Changes in adenine nucleotides and other metabolites in the skeletal muscles were measured in patients with COPD and age ...
Broekhuizen R - - 2006
C-reactive protein (CRP) is often used as a clinical marker of acute systemic inflammation. Since low grade inflammation is evident in chronic diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), new methods have been developed to enhance the sensitivity of CRP assays in the lower range. A study was undertaken ...
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