Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 962
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Ofir Dror - - 2008
RATIONALE: Smokers with a relatively preserved FEV(1) may experience dyspnea and activity limitation but little is known about underlying mechanisms. OBJECTIVES: To examine ventilatory constraints during exercise in symptomatic smokers with GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) stage I chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) so as to uncover ...
Puhan M A - - 2008
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with limited ability to follow exercise protocols may receive smaller benefits from rehabilitation. The association between the ability to follow exercise protocols and short-term outcomes of rehabilitation was assessed in COPD patients. As a measure of the ability to follow exercise protocols, the number ...
Metin Gökhan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exercise duration of constant-load endurance tests has been recently demonstrated to be more sensitive in detecting the changes after bronchodilator administration than either walking distance or peak oxygen uptake in patients with COPD. In the present study, we questioned whether exercise duration of progressive load is better correlated with ...
Travers J - - 2008
Exertional dyspnea is an important symptom in cancer patients, and, in many cases, its cause remains unexplained after careful clinical assessment. To determine mechanisms of exertional dyspnea in a variety of cancer types, we evaluated cancer outpatients with clinically important unexplained dyspnea (CD) at rest and during exercise and compared ...
Holverda Sebastiaan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a well-known complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It remains unclear whether exercise parameters can be used to discriminate between COPD patients with associated PH (COPD-PH) and COPD patients without associated PH (COPD-nonPH). OBJECTIVE: To study whether the existence of pulmonary hypertension in COPD ...
Wewel Alexandra R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe COPD suffer from impairments of exercise capacity which affects daily activity. Conversely, activity might exert effects on the functional state. We studied whether a short-term intervention by regular phone calls caused an increase in activity at home and whether this resulted in a gain in exercise ...
Benzo Roberto P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The current recommendations of 8 to 12 min for the optimal targeted duration of symptom-limited maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to attain maximal oxygen consumption are based on results from healthy individuals and may not be applicable to patients with severe COPD. We aimed to determine the optimal duration ...
Costa Claudia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: COPD is associated with increased numbers of CD4(+) and CD8(+) lymphocytes and macrophages in the small airways and lung parenchyma. The chemokines regulating T-cell recruitment into the lung are unknown but may involve CXCR3 and CCR5 chemoattractants. The aims of this study were to determine the concentrations of CXCR3 ...
Pinto-Plata Victor M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The American Thoracic Society (ATS)/European Respiratory Society (ERS)-Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) has developed a new staging system based on the degree of airflow obstruction. Its validity to predict exercise capacity as an outcome has not been extensively studied. We hypothesized that exercise performance measured by ...
Majumdar Sonali - - 2007
A total of 105 male and 60 female patients were screened in the respiratory medicine outpatients' department, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Kolkata between December, 2002 and January, 2005. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were diagnosed on the basis of history and clinical examination while patients with body ...
Laviolette L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal way of assessing the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on functional status in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is currently unknown. The minimal clinically important difference for the constant work rate cycling exercise test also needs to be investigated to facilitate its interpretation. A study was undertaken to ...
von Leupoldt Andreas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is the primary symptom limiting exercise in patients with COPD. Recent research has demonstrated that psychological factors can substantially influence the perception of dyspnea, but little is known about the modulation of perceived intensity or unpleasantness of dyspnea by attentional distraction. Therefore, we examined the impact of distractive ...
Huijsmans Rosalie J - - 2008
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) has introduced a four-stage classification of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severity. The present study investigated the discriminatory capacity of the GOLD classification for health status outcomes in patients with COPD. An additional analysis was performed to investigate the discriminatory capacity ...
Garrod Rachel - - 2007
Four Cochrane respiratory reviews of relevance to physiotherapeutic practice are discussed in this overview. Physiotherapists aim to improve ventilation for people with respiratory disease, and approach this using a variety of techniques. As such, the reviews chosen for discussion consider a wide range of interventions commonly used by physiotherapists: breathing ...
Giuntini Carlo - - 2007
This paper is a post-hoc analysis of a previous study performed to investigate the relationship between computerized tomography (CT) and lung function in 51 outpatients with mild-to-moderate COPD. We studied whether changes in lung function and radiographic patterns may help to explain dyspnea, the most disturbing symptom in patients with ...
Valli G - - 2007
Heliox is a low density gas mixture of helium and oxygen commonly used in deep diving (> 6 ATM). This mixture has been also used for clinical purposes, particularly in the critical care setting. Due to of its physical proprieties, Heliox breathing reduces air flow resistances within the bronchial tree; ...
Reardon Jane Z - - 2007
Numerous studies demonstrate the importance of exercise training to improve endurance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its positive effect on activities of daily living and quality of life. However, successful care of the individual with COPD also relies on recognizing that this person requires individualized care ...
Cruse Mary Ann - - 2007
Patient-centered outcomes are a critical goal in the management of COPD. This personalized patient account of living with COPD indicates the importance of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) when considering the profound impact of reduced exercise tolerance on activities of daily living. The recognition of breathlessness indicating damage to the ...
Make Barry - - 2007
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease impairs the ability of patients to perform maximal physical exercise, particularly in patients with severe lung disease. However, differing perceptions of the meaning and importance of exercise to patients and caregivers is likely to impair patient-physician communication about current medical status and outcomes of therapeutic interventions. ...
Donesky-Cuenco Doranne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We know little about long-term exercise behavior and adherence in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). PURPOSE: The study's purpose was (1) to describe exercise behavior and adherence to a home-walking exercise prescription over 12 months in a sample of patients with COPD; and (2) to validate categories ...
Kanazawa Hiroshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The functional properties of endothelial cells in pulmonary microvessels are affected by elevations in the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in inflamed airways. An increase in the level of circulating thrombomodulin (TM), a molecular marker of endothelial cells, with exercise is associated with the VEGF ...
Pepin Véronique - - 2007
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often caught in a downward spiral that progresses from expiratory flow limitation to poor quality of life and invalidity. Within this downward spiral, exercise tolerance represents a key intermediate outcome. As recently stated by the GOLD initiative, improvement in exercise tolerance is ...
O'Donnell Denis E - - 2007
Dyspnea and activity limitation are the primary symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and progress relentlessly as the disease advances. In COPD, dyspnea is multifactorial but abnormal dynamic ventilatory mechanics are believed to be important. Dynamic lung hyperinflation occurs during exercise in the majority of flow-limited patients with chronic obstructive ...
Nakamoto Fernanda Patti - - 2007
Increased ventilatory response to the metabolic demand ("ventilatory inefficiency") is commonly found during dynamic exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the role of enhanced muscle ergoreflex activity on this phenomenon is yet unknown. Ten non-hypoxaemic patients with varying degrees of disease severity (median and range of ...
Gessner Christian - - 2007
Estimating the degree of pulmonary hyperinflation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not always straight forward. Standard pulmonary function tests provide only a crude estimate of this important aspect of COPD. In addition, good patient cooperation cannot always be achieved and therefore adds to the uncertainties with regard to ...
Fabre C - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which younger COPD patients improve their cardiorespiratory function during exercise in comparison with older COPD patients, as a result of exercise training. METHODS: Thirty-nine COPD patients underwent an exercise program. They were divided into two groups: a younger group (57.2+/-1.0 years, n=18 patients) and ...
Tadié Jean-Marc - - 2008
Competition between nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) and arginases for their common substrate l-arginine could be involved in the regulation of cholinergic airway reactivity and subsequent airway remodeling. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relationships between the expression of this enzymatic balance and the effects of NOS and ...
Paulin E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) present increased airway resistance, air trapping, pulmonary hyperinflation, and diaphragm muscle alterations, all of which affect pulmonary mechanics. PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence diaphragmatic mobility has on exercise tolerance and dyspnea in patients with COPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four COPD patients with ...
Neder J Alberto - - 2007
We wished to evaluate the effects of inhaled formoterol, a long-acting beta(2)-adrenergic agonist, on exercise tolerance and dynamic hyperinflation (DH) in severely disabled chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. In a two-period, crossover study, 21 patients with advanced COPD (FEV(1)=38.8+/-11.7% predicted, 16 patients GOLD stages III-IV) were randomly allocated to ...
Bauldoff Gerene S - - 2007
A wrist actigraph is a device used in sleep research studies to measure whole body movements. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, sensitivity, and validity of wrist actigraphy during pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) upper-extremity exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. In this study, 20 patients ...
Schonhofer Bernd - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) is known to reduce hypoventilation and improves respiratory and peripheral muscle endurance in patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) due to thoracic restriction. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of short-term NIV on endurance in patients with CRF due to thoracorestriction and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Aliverti Andrea - - 2007
This short review summarizes a series of studies on the effects of expiratory flow limitation (EFL) at approximately 1 L/s during incremental exercise to maximal workload (Wmax) in normal subjects on exercise performance, respiratory muscle dynamics and control, and CO(2) elimination. Each subject served as his or her own control ...
Azarisman Mohd Shah - - 2007
This study was proposed to develop a composite of outcome measures using forced expiratory volume percentage of predicted, exercise capacity and quality of life scores for assessment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severity. Materials and Eighty-six patients with COPD were enrolled into a prospective, observational study at the respiratory ...
Hansen James E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mismatching of ventilation to perfusion is found in patients with COPD, left ventricular failure (LVF), and pulmonary vascular diseases. Such mismatching may be due to ventilation or perfusion defects or both. Our primary hypothesis was that pressures of mixed-expired CO2 pressure (Peco(2)), end-tidal Pco(2) pressure (Petco(2)), and their ratios ...
Perrault Hélène - - 2007
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Hyperpnea and hyperinflation have been proposed as contributors to exaggerated energy demands in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), yet there are incomplete data on exercise requirements. This study compared total-body energy demands of the internal (unloaded) and external work of cycling and delta mechanical efficiency in 40 patients (FEV1: ...
Eguchi Yohsuke - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hyperinflation is widely accepted as an abnormal state affecting clinical symptoms, activities of daily living and exercise tolerance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Reducing hyperinflation is an essential theme in COPD treatment. In this study, we let patients with COPD hyperventilate to evoke hyperinflation, and evaluated the effects ...
Foglio Katia - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the long-term course of outcome indexes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) undergoing repeated pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRP). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Pulmonary Rehabilitation Center. PATIENTS: Forty-eight COPD patients (M 33, age 59.6+/-8.9 years, forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV(1)) 58+/-16% predicted, DLCO 71+/-17% ...
von Leupoldt Andreas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Verbal descriptors of dyspnea are important in understanding the underlying mechanisms, but little is known about the language of dyspnea in COPD. We examined the language of dyspnea in COPD at different intensity levels of dyspnea. METHODS: Verbal descriptors of dyspnea were assessed in 64 patients with moderate-to-severe COPD ...
Carr S Jocelyn - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Improvements in health status following pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) diminish with time. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPDs) negatively impact adherence after PR and likely accelerate this diminution of benefit. This study was designed to characterize the pre-AECOPD status of patients with moderate or severe COPD who had completed PR, and ...
Davis Amy H T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exercise has important benefits for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, to sustain long-term benefits of exercise, adherence is needed. Adherence requires self-regulation. No scale is available to measure exercise self-regulation in individuals with COPD. OBJECTIVES: We developed and tested the reliability and validity of an "Exercise ...
Travers J - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Exercise limitation and exertional dyspnea are important symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which may be partially relieved by tiotropium. Although the mechanism of relief is multifactorial, improved dynamic ventilatory mechanics appear to be important. It is not however known whether tiotropium may also act by improving cardiovascular ...
Hsieh Meng-Jer - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with COPD depend on the intensity of training. Traditional pulmonary rehabilitation programmes (PRPs) do not consistently achieve high-intensity training and have variable training effects. This study examined the effects of high-intensity exercise training on cardiac and pulmonary function in COPD ...
O'Donnell Denis E - - 2007
Effective management of dyspnea in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requires a clearer understanding of its underlying mechanisms. This roundtable reviews what is currently known about the neurophysiology of dyspnea with the aim of applying this knowledge to the clinical setting. Dyspnea is not a single sensation, having multiple qualitative ...
Radom-Aizik Shlomit - - 2007
Exercise capacity and training response are limited in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the extent to which this is related to altered skeletal muscle function is not fully understood. To test the hypothesis that muscle gene expression is altered in COPD, we performed needle biopsies from the vastus lateralis ...
Paredi Paolo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In COPD patients, there is reduced vascularity and inflammation of the bronchi, which may have opposite effects on bronchial blood flow (QAW). We studied the relationship of QAW with the fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO), which is a potent vasodilator. We also investigated the vascular response to budesonide ...
Pinho R A - - 2007
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves physical capacity and health quality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the effect of exercise on oxidative stress markers in COPD patients is only partially known. This study was designed to evaluate the oxidative stress response to long-term exercise in patients with COPD ...
Ozalevli Sevgi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are contradictory reports in the literature on the effects of supplemental oxygen administered before or after exercise tests. In light of this, we compared the results of 6-minute walking tests performed in room-air conditions (A6MWT) and with supplemental oxygen (O6MWT) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ...
Gelb Arthur F - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To detect dynamic hyperinflation (DH) by evaluating reduction in inspiratory capacity (IC) during metronome-paced hyperventilation (MPH) in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD, studied before and after treatment with tiotropium. METHODS: IC and FEV(1) were measured before and immediately after MPH at two times resting the respiratory rate for 20 ...
Bake Björn - - 2007
Dynamic hyperinflation is considered an important mechanism behind shortness of breath and reduced exercise capacity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Prevailing methods to assess dynamic hyperinflation are crude because of the large normal variation of both functional residual capacity and inspiratory capacity (IC). In the present study, we ...
Hoff Jan - - 2007
PURPOSE: A diminished mechanical efficiency (work/O2 consumed) accompanies chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and increased mechanical efficiency has been attained by maximal strength training (MST) with an emphasis on the maximal rate of force mobilization in the concentric phase in healthy subjects. This study combined these observations and evaluated the ...
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