Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 958
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Kostianev S S - - 2001
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the correlation between dyspnea ratings and a large group of lung function parameters, and extract those factors that best reflect the functional profile of patients with COPD using factor analysis. Ninety nine patients with COPD in stable clinical condition (age 60 ...
Dahl M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We tested whether intermediate (MZ, SZ) and severe (ZZ) alpha(1)-antitrypsin deficiency affects lung function in the population at large. METHODS: We performed spirometry [forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) and forced vital capacity (FVC)] and genotyping of 9187 individuals from the adult general population of Copenhagen, Denmark. RESULTS: ...
Aliverti A - - 2001
Published data indicate that exercise in COPD is more often limited by leg effort than breathlessness. This casts some doubt on the classical belief that inability to ventilate limits exercise performance. In fact, symptoms limiting exercise appear to be essentially the same in COPD and in health or congestive heart ...
Hodzhev V A - - 2001
We report a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in whom severe lung function disorders are combined with completely preserved exercise capacity. We assessed the exercise capacity of a 44-year-old man (height 155 cm, BMI 19.6 kg.m-2, FEV1%pred. = 30.9%, FRC%pred. = 158%, KCO%pred. = 46.2%, PaO2 = 64.0 ...
Palange P - - 2001
Dyspnoea on exertion and exercise intolerance are the hallmarks of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); the primary causes appear to be respectively, increased airway resistance with reduced maximal ventilatory capacity and peripheral skeletal muscle dysfunction with early onset of anaerobic metabolism. Patients with end-stage COPD usually show little or no ...
Bourjeily G - - 2000
Exercise limitation is a common and disturbing manifestation of COPD. The exercise intolerance is often caused by multiple interrelated anatomic and physiologic disturbances. Importantly, exercise tolerance can be improved despite the presence of fixed structural abnormalities in the lung. Exercise training, undertaken alone or in the context of comprehensive PR, ...
Woo K - - 2000
A cross-sectional design was used to examine the mediating effect of physical activity between dyspnea and fatigue in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Dyspnea was measured using a vertical visual analogue scale, fatigue using the Profile of Mood States-Fatigue subscale, and physical activity using the 6-minute-walk (6MW) test. ...
Engelen M P - - 2000
Early lactic acidosis has been suggested as negatively influencing the exercise capacity of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We conducted a study to investigate whether the early lactate (La) response to exercise in COPD is related to alterations in exercise-related substrate levels in resting muscle, associated with physical ...
Murciano D - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Using the negative expiratory pressure (NEP) method, we have previously shown that patients receiving single lung transplantation (SLT) for COPD do not exhibit expiratory flow limitation and have little dyspnea at rest. In the present study, we assessed whether SLT patients exhibit flow limitation, overall hyperinflation, and dyspnea ...
Yohannes A M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Because there is no respiratory-specific activities of daily living (ADL) scale for use in older patients, our aim was to design and develop the Manchester Respiratory ADL questionnaire (MRADL) and to assess its validity in older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: The MRADL is a composite ...
Scherer T A - - 2000
Inspiratory muscle training may have beneficial effects in certain patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Because of the lack of a home training device, normocapnic hyperpnea has rarely been used as a training mode for patients with COPD, and is generally considered unsuitable to large-scale application. To study the ...
Garrod R - - 2000
The addition of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) to an exercise training (ET) program in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may produce greater benefits in exercise tolerance and quality of life than after training alone. Forty-five patients with severe stable COPD-mean (SD) FEV(1) 0.96 (0.31) L, Pa(O(2)) 65.4 (9.07) ...
Maltais F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Enzymatic and histochemical abnormalities of the peripheral muscle may play a role in exercise intolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A study was undertaken to measure the mitochondrial enzyme activity of the vastus lateralis muscle in patients with COPD and to evaluate the relationship between enzyme ...
Mostert R - - 2000
The relationship between tissue depletion and decreased exercise performance has been well established in patients with COPD. In this study we investigated the influence of the pattern of tissue depletion on health related quality of life (HRQL) and their mutual relationship with exercise capacity and dyspnoea. Patients with low body ...
Ong K C - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Accurate assessment of the exercise capacity of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is important for the dual purpose of exercise prescription and determining response to therapy. Currently, the clinical utility of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) of patients with COPD as part of their evaluation for pulmonary rehabilitation ...
Weiner P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is a common complaint during daily activities in patients with advanced COPD. The mechanisms underlying dyspnea and the appropriate treatment strategies to relieve it are still not totally understood. We hypothesized that the perception of dyspnea (POD) may be modified by the accumulative effect of bronchodilator therapy, exercise, ...
Pompeo E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to determine in a prospective randomized trial the independent short-term physiologic impact of reduction pneumoplasty (RP) on respiratory rehabilitation (RR). METHODS: Sixty patients eligible for RP were randomly selected by computer to receive either RP (n = 30) or comprehensive RR (n = ...
Diaz O - - 2000
Expiratory flow limitation promotes dynamic hyperinflation during exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with a consequent reduction in inspiratory capacity (IC), limiting their exercise tolerance. Therefore, the exercise capacity of patients with tidal expiratory flow limitation (FL) at rest should depend on the magnitude of IC. The presented ...
Doherty M J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Chronic cough is associated with an increased sensitivity to inhaled capsaicin in a number of conditions but there are no data for patients with more severe asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Moreover, the relationships between the capsaicin response (expressed as the concentration of capsaicin provoking five coughs, ...
Neder J A - - 2000
To characterize the determinants of the power-duration (W-t) relationship in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we evaluated 8 nonhypoxemic patients (FEV(1) = 1.27 +/- 0.26 L) and 10 healthy controls. After an initial maximum-incremental exercise test on cycle ergometer (peak), the subjects underwent four high-intensity constant-load tests to ...
Miyahara N - - 2000
Although the rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves both exercise capacity and quality of life, a standard protocol for COPD patients has not been established. To clarify whether physiologic and quality-of-life improvements can be achieved by an inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program 5 days per week for ...
Hernández M T - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To have a group of COPD patients undergo a simple program of home-based exercise training, using the shuttle walking test (SWT) to standardize the intensity of training. METHODS: Sixty patients participated, randomly distributed into two groups (rehabilitation and control) of 30 patients each. The following evaluations were carried out ...
Killen J W - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It is uncertain whether patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) given oxygen for symptom relief should be advised to use it before or after exertion. METHODS: Eighteen patients with smoking related COPD who desaturated on exercise were given oxygen or air from a cylinder in a single blind ...
Polkey M I - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A physiological benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is more probable if exercise is performed above the lactate threshold. This study was undertaken to investigate whether it was possible to extend the lactataemia of exercise using non-invasive inspiratory pressure support (IPS). METHODS: Plasma lactate levels ...
Garrod R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Supplemental oxygen in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and exercise hypoxaemia improves exercise capacity and dyspnoea. However, the benefit of oxygen during pulmonary rehabilitation in these patients is still unknown. METHODS: Twenty five patients with stable COPD (mean (SD) forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) 0.76 ...
Oga T - - 2000
The purpose of the present study was to compare the characteristics of three different exercise tests in evaluating the effects of oxitropium bromide on exercise performance. Thirty-eight males with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (FEV(1) = 40.8 +/- 16.5% predicted; mean +/- SD) completed randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover studies ...
Viglio S - - 2000
Degradation of extracellular matrix components is central to many pathological features of chronic destructive lung disorders. Desmosine and isodesmosine are elastin-derived cross-linked amino acids whose urine levels are considered representative of elastin breakdown. The aim of this study was to apply a novel methodology, based on high-performance capillary electrophoresis, to ...
Bradley J - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability, repeatability, and sensitivity of the modified shuttle test (MST) in adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). DESIGN:: Prospective study. SETTING: Adult CF Unit, Belfast City Hospital. PATIENTS:: Adult patients with CF. INTERVENTIONS: Test-retest reliability-none; sensitivity-inpatient IV antibiotic ...
De Benedetto F - - 2000
Chronic airways inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) induces the activation of several cell types with delivery of proteases and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Assessing oxidant content in the exhaled air of COPD patients has proven useful in monitoring airway inflammation. The present study was designed to confirm the ...
Rutgers S R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often accompanied by bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR). Measurement of BHR may give information about airway inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of airway inflammation in hyperresponsiveness to adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) in COPD. METHODS: We investigated inflammatory indices in induced sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid ...
Steele B G - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability, validity, and stability of a triaxial accelerometer for walking and daily activity measurement in a COPD sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, correlational, descriptive design. SETTING: Outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program in a university-affiliated Veterans Affairs medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven outpatients (44 men and 3 women) with stable ...
Palange P - - 2000
To test the hypothesis that in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients the ventilatory and metabolic requirements during cycling and walking exercise are different, paralleling the level of breathlessness, we studied nine patients with moderate to severe, stable COPD. Each subject underwent two exercise protocols: a 1-min incremental cycle ergometer ...
Simmons D N - - 2000
PURPOSE: The relationship between the percent peak oxygen consumption (%VO2peak) and percent peak heart rate (%HRpeak) has been suggested as a method for exercise prescription. According to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), 50, 60, 80, and 85% of VO2peak represent 62, 70, 85, and 90% of HRpeak, respectively. ...
O'Donnell D E - - 2000
We mimicked important mechanical and ventilatory aspects of restrictive lung disorders by employing chest wall strapping (CWS) and dead space loading (DS) in normal subjects to gain mechanistic insights into dyspnea causation and exercise limitation. We hypothesized that thoracic restriction with increased ventilatory stimulation would evoke exertional dyspnea that was ...
Manning H L - - 2000
This paper reviews new developments in bronchodilator therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Most patients with COPD respond to bronchodilators, but we have no reliable way to predict which patients will respond. When responsiveness is assessed, changes in lung volume as well as improvements in FEV1 should be considered. ...
Foglio K - - 2000
To evaluate the physiological and symptom determinants of exercise performance (EP) as measured by a 6-min walking test (6MWD), Watt(max), and peak oxygen consumption (VO2 ml/min/kg), 105 patients with chronic airway obstruction (CAO) [50 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): 44 men, aged 63+/-7 years, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec ...
Schols A M - - 2000
Weight loss is a frequently occurring complication in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is a determining factor of functional capacity, health status, and mortality. Weight loss in COPD is a consequence of increased energy requirements unbalanced by dietary intake. Both metabolic and mechanical inefficiency contribute to the ...
Clini E - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) during exercise in patients with stable COPD. SETTING: Outpatient evaluation in a rehabilitation center. PATIENTS: Eleven consecutive male patients with stable COPD (age, 65 +/- 6 years; FEV(1), 56 +/- 10% predicted). Eight healthy (six men; age, 51 +/- 16 years) nonsmoking, ...
Montes de Oca M - - 2000
If chronic hypercapnia in patients with severe COPD occurs as a consequence of respiratory muscle (RM) weakness or fatigue, we would expect that ventilatory muscle recruitment (VMR) and exercise performance in stable hypercapnic patients would differ from those in eucapnic patients. We evaluated exercise performance and RM function at rest ...
Ferreira I M - - 2000
RATIONALE: Malnutrition in patients with COPD is associated with an impaired pulmonary status, reduced diaphragmatic mass, lower exercise capacity, and higher mortality rate when compared to adequately nourished individuals with COPD. Nutritional support may therefore be a useful part of their comprehensive care. PURPOSE: To conduct a meta-analysis of randomized ...
Jeffery Mador M - - 2000
Patients with COPD have derangements in respiratory mechanics that may cause them to stop exercising before the exercising limb muscles reach their functional limits. However, because lung disease makes activity unpleasant, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often adapt a sedentary lifestyle leading to progressive deconditioning. Deconditioning will lead ...
O'Donnell D E - - 2000
Bronchodilator therapy in COPD is deemed successful if it improves ventilatory mechanics to a degree where effective symptom alleviation and increased exercise capacity are achieved. A greater understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms of dyspnea and exercise intolerance in COPD has prompted a reevaluation of the manner in which we currently ...
Savci S - - 2000
PURPOSE: The effects of a long-term treatment of autogenic drainage (AD) and the active cycle of breathing techniques (ACBT) were evaluated in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Thirty clinically stable male COPD patients were randomly assigned to AD or the ACBT treatment for a 20-day treatment period. ...
Gimenez M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To create a maximum tolerated 45-minute aerobic training program for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to compare its outcomes with those of commonly prescribed moderate exercise. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized trial. SETTING: A work physiology laboratory. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The maximum exercise intensities that 7 COPD patients ...
Mador M J - - 2000
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at a mechanical disadvantage and should be predisposed to the development of diaphragmatic fatigue when the ventilatory system is stressed by exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with moderately severe COPD develop contractile fatigue of the diaphragm ...
Ferreira I M - - 2000
Low body weight in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with an impaired pulmonary status, reduced diaphragmatic mass, lower exercise capacity and higher mortality rate when compared to adequately nourished individuals with this disease. Nutritional support may therefore be a useful part of their comprehensive care. To ...
Togores B - - 2000
The concentration of carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb) is often estimated from measurements of carbon monoxide in the exhaled air (COexh). This study investigates whether the presence of airflow obstruction significantly alters the relationship between COexh and COHb. Eighty-one regular smokers were prospectively studied and divided in four groups according to the presence ...
Uruma T - - 2000
In order to evaluate the applicability of volume acceleration (A(I)) at the onset of inspiration as an index of neuromuscular output, CO(2) rebreathing in six healthy subjects and incremental-load exercise in eight healthy subjects was performed while measuring A(I) and mouth occlusion pressure (P(0.1)). During CO(2) rebreathing, A(I) increased linearly ...
Miyahara N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The ramp exercise test has been widely used to evaluate cardiopulmonary responses to an incremental exercise load. This study was performed to clarify whether different slopes of the ramp exercise test influence exercise tolerance, exercise limiting factors, and respiratory pattern in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). SUBJECTS ...
Kössler W - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In recent studies, the efficacy of intermittent rest of the inspiratory muscles as an option of treating patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become questionable. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyze the effects of feedback-controlled intermittent negative pressure ventilation (INPV) on stable, but ...
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