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Andishmand A A Cardiovascular Research Center, Afshar Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
The aim of present study was to assess whether vitamin D, with proven beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, has any effect on angina and exercise-induced ischemia in patients with cardiac syndrome X and low serum vitamin D. Patients with cardiac syndrome X and low serum vitamin D3 were studied ...
Morley John E JE Divisions of Geriatric Medicine and Endocrinology, School of Medicine, Saint Louis University, 1402 S. Grand Blvd., M238, St. Louis, MO, 63104, USA, - - 2014
The physical frailty phenotype consists of fatigue, weight loss, and loss of muscle power. Sarcopenia has been shown to be a major cause of frailty. Six societies including SCWD published a consensus suggesting that all persons older than 70 years of age should be screened for frailty when seeing health professionals. ...
Paulsen Gøran G Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, - - 2014
In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial we investigated the effects of vitamin C and E supplementation on endurance training adaptations in humans. Fifty-four young men and women were randomly allocated to receive either 1000 mg vitamin C and 235 mg vitamin E daily or a placebo for 11 weeks. During ...
Draeger Cainara Lins - - 2014
The aim of this commentary was to discuss the last studies regarding the effect of antioxidant vitamins supplementation on oxidative stress in exercise in humans. The inclusion criteria encompassed published studies done in adult males and females between 2006 and 2013. The keywords used in the search engine were: endurance ...
Barker Tyler T The Orthopedic Specialty Hospital, Murray, UT 84107, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of vitamin D status (insufficient vs. sufficient) on circulating cytokines and skeletal muscle strength after muscular injury. To induce muscular injury, one randomly selected leg (SSC) performed exercise consisting of repetitive eccentric-concentric contractions. The other leg served as the control. ...
Hall Zachary J ZJ Department of Biology, Advanced Facility for Avian Research, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, - - 2013
Exercise is known to have a strong effect on neuroproliferation in mammals ranging from rodents to humans. Recent studies have also shown that fatty acids and other dietary supplements can cause an upregulation of neurogenesis. It is not known, however, how exercise and diet interact in their effects on adult ...
Guo Jong-Long - - 2013
This exploratory meta-analysis aimed to examine and compare the effective interventions to prevent falls among institutionalized/non-institutionalized older adults without cognitive impairment with interventions to prevent falls for older adults with cognitive impairment. A database search identified 111 trials published between January 1992 and August 2012 that evaluated fall-prevention interventions among ...
Bjorkman Mikko P - - 2013
Age-related muscle loss (that is, sarcopenia) is a common health problem among older people. Physical exercise and dietary protein have been emphasized in prevention and treatment of sarcopenia. Rigorous trials investigating the effects of protein supplementation on physical performance in sarcopenic populations are still scarce. The aim of this study ...
Mariacher Christian - - 2013
To compare the effects of a 3-wk supplementation between two different mixtures of antioxidants (AOX) and placebo on aerobic exercise performance in acute normobaric hypoxia. Seventeen subjects were randomly assigned in a double blind fashion to receive a broad-based AOX supplement containing beta-carotene, ascorbic acid, d-alpha-tocopherol-succinate, N-acetylcysteine, riboflavin, zinc, and ...
Milan Stephen J - - 2013
Dietary antioxidants, such as vitamin C, in the epithelial lining and lining fluids of the lung may be beneficial in the reduction of oxidative damage (Arab 2002). They may therefore be of benefit in reducing symptoms of inflammatory airway conditions such as asthma, and may also be beneficial in reducing ...
Shanely R Andrew - - 2013
Abstract Incidence of vitamin D deficiency is increasing worldwide. The purpose of this study was to determine if supplementation with vitamin D2 from Portobello mushroom powder would enhance skeletal muscle function and attenuate exercise-induced muscle damage in low vitamin D status high school athletes. Participants were randomised to Portobello mushroom ...
Mendelsohn Andrew R - - 2013
In otherwise healthy adults, moderate aerobic exercise extends lifespan and likely healthspan by 2-6 years. Exercise improves blood sugar regulation, and resistance exercise increases or maintains muscle mass, and is associated with improved cognitive function. On the other hand, evidence for antioxidant supplements increasing longevity in humans is lacking. On ...
Choi Munji - - 2013
Vitamin D is an important factor for calcium and phosphorus homeostasis. A negative relationship has been observed between vitamin D status and diseases such as cancer, arthritis, diabetes, and muscle fiber atrophy. However, the relationship between vitamin D and prevention of skeletal muscle damage has not been clearly elucidated. The ...
Wyon Matthew A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Athletes who train indoors during the winter months exhibit low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations due to a lack of sunlight exposure. This has been linked to impaired exercise performance. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of oral vitamin D3 supplementation on selected physical fitness ...
Koncic Marijana Zovko - - 2013
As a society we are increasingly concerned about our physical appearance. For example, as much as 24% of people in developed countries admittedly exercise to improve their performance. Professional sportsmen and amateurs alike are in a constant search for new means that will enable them better sport results in shorter ...
Karlsson Magnus K - - 2013
Aims: Falls often result in soft tissue injuries, dislocations, fractures, longstanding pain and reduced quality of life. Therefore, fall preventive programmes have been developed. Methods: In this review, we evaluate programmes that in randomized controlled trials (RCT) have been shown with fall reducing effect. Results: Physical exercise that includes several ...
Al-Hashem Fahaid H - - 2013
To evaluate and compare the potential role of vitamins E and C in protecting against acute swimming induced reproductive function damage at different altitudes. The study was carried between October and November 2010. A total of 36 adult male Wistar rats weighing 250+/-5 g, and aged 8 weeks were used ...
Taghiyar Maryam - - 2013
The need for energy in strenuous exercises necessitates an increase in oxygen consumption and production of reactive oxygen species. It seems that supplementation of vitamins C and E reduces exercise-induced oxidative stress. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effects of vitamin C and E supplementation on muscle damage and ...
Johar Meliyanni - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Much attention has been paid to patient access to emergency services, focusing on hospital reforms, yet very little is known about the characteristics of those presenting to emergency departments. OBJECTIVES: By exploiting linkage of emergency records and a representative survey of the 45 and older population in Australia, we ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2013
The authors studied the effects of antioxidant diet supplementation with an almond-based beverage on neutrophil antioxidants, nitrite, and protein oxidative alterations after exercise. Fourteen trained male amateur runners were randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion to receive antioxidant supplementation (152 mg/d vitamin C and 50 mg/d vitamin E) or placebo ...
Hara Seigo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the additive effect of the active form of vitamin D3 on the gain in back extensor strength through a back extensor exercise. A total of 107 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were randomly divided into two groups: the D3 group and the control ...
Narotzki Baruch - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the effects of green tea plus vitamin E in addition to exercise on body composition and metabolic and antioxidant parameters in healthy elderly individuals. Design: Interventional randomized controlled prospective trial. Methods: For 12 weeks, 22 elderly men and women (age: 71.1 ± 1.2 years; body mass index: 28.3 ...
Morales-Alamo David - - 2013
The extremely high energy demand elicited by sprint exercise is satisfied by an increase in oxygen consumption combined with a high glycolytic rate, leading to a marked lactate accumulation, increased AMP/ATP ratio, reduced NAD(+)/NADH.H(+) and muscle pH, which are accompanied by marked Thr(172)-AMPKα phosphorylation during the recovery period. To determine ...
Mroz R M - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive, inflammatory condition, involving airways and lung parenchyma. The disease leads to airflow limitation, and pulmonary hyperinflation, resulting in dyspnea, decreased exercise tolerance, and impaired quality of life. COPD pharmacotherapy guidelines are based on a combination of long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA), long-acting antimuscarinic agents ...
Park Jong-Hwan - - 2013
Both exercise and vitamin E supplementation have been shown to reduce oxidative stress and cardiovascular disease risk in older adults, and when combined there is evidence suggesting that they act synergistically. The currently recommended amount of exercise for older adults is 150 min/week of moderate-intensity exercise; however, the minimum amount ...
Gleeson Michael - - 2013
Prolonged exercise and heavy training are associated with depressed immune function which can increase the risk of picking up minor infections. To maintain robust immunity, athletes should eat a well-balanced diet sufficient to meet their energy, carbohydrate, protein, and micronutrient requirements. Dietary deficiencies of protein and specific micronutrients have long ...
Gleeson Michael - - 2013
Regular moderate exercise reduces the risk of infection compared with a sedentary lifestyle, but very prolonged bouts of exercise and periods of intensified training are associated with increased infection risk. In athletes, a common observation is that symptoms of respiratory infection cluster around competitions, and even minor illnesses such as ...
Hemilä Harri H Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2013
To determine whether vitamin C administration influences exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Systematic review and meta-analysis. MEDLINE and Scopus were searched for placebo-controlled trials on vitamin C and EIB. The primary measures of vitamin C effect used in this study were: (1) the arithmetic difference and (2) the relative effect in the ...
Takahashi Masaki M Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Waseda - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of low-volume exercise training (90 min/wk) and vitamin E supplementation on oxidative stress markers in postmenopausal women. The participants were non-randomly assigned the following four groups: control (C, n=8), vitamin E (S, n=8), exercise (Ex, n=6), or vitamin E and ...
Nieman David C DC Human Performance Laboratory, Appalachian State University, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA. - - 2013
This study determined if 6-weeks vitamin D2 supplementation (vitD2, 3800 IU/day) had an influence on muscle function, eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), and delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) in National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) NASCAR pit crew athletes. Subjects were randomized to vitD2 (n = 13) ...
Rachetti A L F - - 2012
Both fish oil supplementation and physical exercise are able to induce benefits to mental health by providing an improvement in cognitive performance and enhancing neuroplasticity and protection against neurological lesions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the cognitive effects in rats of the: 1- a diary and ...
Lanteri Patrizia - - 2012
Despite of a wide number of studies performed on the general population, little is known about the Vitamin D status of athletes. A particular influence of many factors, including skin pigmentation, early- or late-day training, indoor training, geographic location and extensive sunscreen use, has been observed in this specific population. ...
Sugawara Keiyu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: One of the major pathophysiologies in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been attributed to systemic inflammation. Meta-analysis of the 2005 Cochrane Database concluded the effect of nutritional supplementation alone on stable COPD was insufficient to promote body weight gain or exercise capacity. The aim of this study ...
van Pul Kim M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Primary treatment for patients with intermittent claudication is exercise therapy. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a frequently occurring comorbidity in patients with intermittent claudication, and in these patients, exercise tolerance is decreased. However, there is little literature about the increase in walking distance after supervised exercise therapy (SET) in patients ...
Mauskop Alexander - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Purpose of Review: The efficacy of some nonpharmacologic therapies appears to approach that of most drugs used for the prevention of migraine and tension-type headaches. These therapies often carry a very low risk of serious side effects and frequently are much less expensive than pharmacologic therapies. Considering this combination ...
Hirsh Benjamin J - - 2012
Chronotropic incompetence is defined as the inability to reach 80% of heart rate (HR) reserve or 80% of the maximally predicted HR during exercise. The presence of chronotropic incompetence is associated with reduced peak oxygen consumption, and rate-responsive pacing therapy is under investigation to improve exercise capacity in heart failure ...
So Min Wook - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of combining incentive spirometer exercise (ISE) with a conventional exercise (CE) on patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) stabilized by tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor therapy by comparing a combination group with a CE-alone group. Forty-six patients (44 men, 2 women) were randomized to the combination group ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of a randomized trial of resistance exercise in patients with head and neck cancer receiving radiation. METHODS: Fifteen patients with head and neck cancer receiving radiation were randomized to resistance exercise (using resistance bands) or control group. Resistance exercise ...
Cantarero-Villanueva I - - 2012
Objective:To investigate the impact of aquatic exercise on pressure pain threshold in breast cancer survivors with hormone therapy-associated arthralgia.Design:Single-blind, controlled trial.Setting:Two major metropolitan hospitals and a Sport and Spa Club in Granada, Spain.Subjects:Forty women aged 29-71 years with stage I-III breast cancer who reported arthralgia.Intervention:Patients were allocated alternately to either ...
Ptaszynski Pawel - - 2012
AIMS: Inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) is a clinical syndrome characterized by excessive resting heart rate (HR) or disproportional increasing HR during exercise. The treatment of IST symptoms using beta-blockers or calcium channel-blockers is often non-effective or not well tolerated. Ivabradine is a new agent inhibiting sinus node I(f) current, resulting ...
Shanmugam Nesan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Physiological shortening of the atrioventricular (AV) interval with increasing heart rate is well documented in normals, and an established component of dual chamber pacing for bradycardia. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of exercise on optimal AV delay and the impact of a patient specific rate adaptive AV delay on ...
Gholipour A - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise and token-behavior therapy on the negative symptoms of schizophrenic patients. Comparison of the effectiveness of exercise and token-behavior therapy on the negative symptoms of schizophrenic patients. This research was a randomized controlled clinical trial that was done on 45 schizophrenic patients, ...
Schueler Melanie - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac resynchronization therapy devices are routinely programmed on fixed atrioventricular delays (AVD) under resting conditions based on echocardiographic techniques. Whether this AVD also ensures optimal exercise hemodynamics, is unclear. METHODS: In order to compare fixed-AVD with rate-adaptive AVD, 100 patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy systems and sinus rhythm were ...
Kirshner Howard S - - 2012
Stroke prevention is highly effective but underutilized in medical care. Lifestyle modification, in the form of diet, exercise, smoking cessation, antihypertensive therapy, close control of diabetes and hyperlipidemia, can prevent most strokes. Selected subgroups can benefit from carotid surgery or stenting, anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation, and antiplatelet therapy. Evidence for ...
Weeks Kate L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Numerous molecular and biochemical changes have been linked with the cardioprotective effects of exercise, including increases in anti-oxidant enzymes, heat shock proteins (Hsps), and regulators of cardiac myocyte proliferation. However, a "master regulator" of exercise-induced protection has yet to be identified. Here, we assess whether phosphoinositide 3-kinase [PI3K(p110α)] is ...
Yang Yingxin - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To investigate whether patients with primary open-angle glaucoma combined with high myopia (POAG-HM) have short-term intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuations at resting conditions over 24 hours and after dynamic exercise. METHODS:: Prospective Control Clinical Study. Eighty eyes of 80 high-tension Chinese POAG patients only on prostaglandin analog locally were categorized ...
Versey Nathan G - - 2012
To investigate whether contrast water therapy (CWT) assists acute recovery from high-intensity running and whether a dose-response relationship exists. Ten trained male runners completed 4 trials, each commencing with a 3000-m time trial, followed by 8 × 400-m intervals with 1 min of recovery. Ten minutes postexercise, participants performed 1 ...
Müller-Bühl U - - 2012
Exercise therapy is an efficacious treatment for patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The study aimed to determine the initiation and adherence of PAD patients with intermittent claudication in a supervised community-based walking exercise program. Over a period of one year, PAD patients with Fontaine stage II attending an angiological ...
Koelwyn Graeme J - - 2012
Dyspnea is a frequent, debilitating, and understudied symptom in cancer associated with poor prognosis and reduced health-related quality of life. The purpose of this study is to review the incidence, pathophysiology, and mechanisms of dyspnea in patients diagnosed with cancer. We also discuss the existing evidence supporting the efficacy of ...
Van Cauwenbergh Deborah - - 2012
Eur J Clin Invest 2012 ABSTRACT: Background  Despite the large number of studies emphasizing the effectiveness of graded exercise therapy (GET) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for people with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), clinicians are left wondering how exactly to apply exercise therapy to their patients with CFS. The aim ...
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