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Results 201 - 250 of 1017
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Srinivasan Narayanan - - 2007
The mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm that is an indicator of preattentive processing was used to study the effects of concentrative meditation. Sudarshan Kriya Yoga meditation is a yogic exercise practiced in an ordered sequence beginning with breathing exercises, and ending with concentrative (Sahaj Samadhi) meditation. Auditory MMN waveforms were recorded ...
Srivaratharajah Kajapiratha - - 2008
Previous studies have shown that exposure to chronic hypoxia (CH) and chronic hypercapnia (CHC) alone have opposite effects on central respiratory-related pH/CO(2) chemosensitivity in the cane toad (Bufo marinus). This study examined the effects of chronic hypoxic hypercapnia (CHH) on central pH/CO(2) chemosensitivity. Cane toads were maintained at 10% O(2) ...
Hjelland Ina E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Many patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) have postprandial symptoms, impaired gastric accommodation and low vagal tone. The aim of this study was to improve vagal tone, and thereby also drinking capacity, intragastric volume and quality of life, using breathing exercises with vagal biofeedback. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty FD patients ...
Jones R L - - 2007
The main technological problem associated with measuring gas exchange in submerged divers breathing from a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) involves simulating ambient water pressure on the expired side of the SCUBA regulator without causing regulator free-flow. This report presents a method to acquire expired gas from exercising divers for ...
Butcher Scott J - - 2007
The effect of the self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with compressed air (BA-A) on ventilatory mechanics, work of breathing (WOB), pulmonary function, and respiratory muscle fatigue, was compared with that of a low resistance breathing valve (LRV). Further, the effect of unloading the respiratory muscles with heliox with the SCBA (BA-H) ...
Dawkins S - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to significantly improve outcome in sudden cardiac arrest in children. In view of this, most emergency medicine services deliver telephone instructions for carrying out CPR to laypeople who call the emergency services. Little is known as to whether laypeople carrying out these ...
Lindholm Peter - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: When investigating apnea, for example in diving or altitude studies, hypoxemia is a variable that must be monitored to reduce the risk of hypoxic syncope. Pulse oximetry is a simple technique that measures arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2). As apnea induces a peripheral vasoconstriction, we hypothesized that it would be ...
Clark T D - - 2007
Pacific tarpon (Megalops cyprinoides) use a modified gas bladder as an air-breathing organ (ABO). We examined changes in cardiac output (V(b)) associated with increases in air-breathing that accompany exercise and aquatic hypoxia. Juvenile (0.49 kg) and adult (1.21 kg) tarpon were allowed to recover in a swim flume at 27 ...
Szdzuy Kirsten - - 2007
This communication describes the application of the barometric technique to the measurements of the breathing pattern (tidal volume and breathing rate) and pulmonary ventilation (VE) in chicken embryos and hatchlings. The chamber-plethysmograph was separated into two sections, an animal compartment, maintained at incubation temperature, and a recording compartment kept at ...
Nield Margaret A - - 2007
PURPOSE: Breathing pattern retraining is frequently used for exertional dyspnea relief in adults with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, there is contradictory evidence to support its use. The study objective was to compare 2 programs of prolonging expiratory time (pursed-lips breathing and expiratory muscle training) on dyspnea ...
Binks Andrew P - - 2007
Normal subjects terminate breath-holds due to intolerable 'air hunger'. We hypothesize that competitive breath-hold divers might have increased tolerance of air hunger. We tested the air hunger (AH) response of four divers who could hold their breath for 6-9 min. Tidal volume and respiratory rate were controlled by mechanical ventilation ...
Nimmagadda Usharani - - 2007
PURPOSE: We evaluated the influence of prior maximal exhalation on preoxygenation in 15 adult volunteers using tidal volume breathing (TVB) for five minutes and deep breathing (DB) for two minutes with and without prior maximal exhalation. METHODS: Inspired and end-tidal oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide were monitored continuously and recorded ...
Stuart-Andrews C R - - 2007
A practical method of breath-by-breath monitoring of metabolic gas exchange has been developed by GE Healthcare/Datex Ohmeda and incorporated into existing anaesthetic and critical care monitoring systems (M-COVXO). This device relates flow measurements made at the mouth by pneumotachograph to measurements of inspired and expired gas composition by matching the ...
Conrad Ansgar - - 2007
Stressed and tense individuals often are recommended to change the way they breathe. However, psychophysiological effects of breathing instructions on respiration are rarely measured. We tested the immediate effects of short and simple breathing instructions in 13 people seeking treatment for panic disorder, 15 people complaining of daily tension, and ...
Rickards Caroline A - - 2007
We tested the hypothesis that breathing through an inspiratory threshold device (ITD) during progressive central hypovolemia would protect cerebral perfusion and attenuate the reporting of presyncopal symptoms. Eight human subjects were exposed to lower-body negative pressure (LBNP) until the presence of symptoms while breathing through either an active ITD (-7 ...
Arshian M - - 2007
A variety of experimental approaches in human subjects and animal models established that the vestibular system contributes to regulation of respiration. In cats, the surgical elimination of labyrinthine signals produced changes in the spontaneous activity and posturally related responses of a number of respiratory muscles. However, these effects were complex ...
Guenette J A - - 2007
The healthy respiratory system has a remarkable capacity for meeting the metabolic demands placed upon it during strenuous exercise. For example, in order to regulate alveolar partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide during heavy workloads, a 20-fold increase in alveolar ventilation can occur. The high metabolic costs and subsequent ...
Chatterjee Soumya - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent work has demonstrated that among irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) subjects, methane on lactulose breath test (LBT) is nearly universally associated with constipation predominance. This work has been based on subjective constipation outcomes. In this study, methane is compared to constipation in another population of IBS subjects with constipation ...
Seymour Roger S - - 2007
The Pacific tarpon is an elopomorph teleost fish with an air-breathing organ (ABO) derived from a physostomous gas bladder. Oxygen partial pressure (PO(2)) in the ABO was measured on juveniles (238 g) with fiber-optic sensors during exposure to selected aquatic PO(2) and swimming speeds. At slow speed (0.65 BL s(-1)), ...
Sheard P W - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of orally ingested sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) on voluntary breath-hold time with facial immersion. Eight non-elite breath-hold divers aged 20-41 (26.75 +/- 7.83 years) were recruited to undertake two bouts of three monitored, facial-immersion breath-holds, one week apart. Subjects were randomly ...
Hyldegaard O - - 2007
In helium saturated rat abdominal adipose tissue, helium bubbles were studied at 101.3 kPa during breathing of either heliox(80:20), 100% oxygen or air after decompression from an exposure to heliox at 405 kPa for one hour. While breathing heliox bubbles initially grew for 15-115 minutes then shrank slowly; three out ...
Mantione Kirk J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide has become a vital indicator of health since many cells produce it constitutively. It is present in exhaled breath and can be measured. MATERIAL/METHODS: A Kiernan NO Breath analyzer (KNB) was used in the present study to determine nitric oxide (NO) levels in exhaled human breath. The ...
Golczewski Tomasz - - 2007
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a commonly accepted method of spontaneous breathing support in obstructive lung disease. Previous work suggested that the cause of the CPAP efficacy in the obstructive lung disease localized in bronchi of middle order (OLDMO) is not as obvious as, for example, in the obstructive ...
Brown T L - - 2007
We assessed cutaneous ethanol (ETOH) and isopropanol (ISOP) absorption after intensive (30 times per h) use of alcohol-based hand-rub solutions by healthcare workers (HCWs). ETOH was detectable in the breath of 6/20 HCWs (0.001 to 0.0025%) at 1 to 2 min postexposure and in the serum of 2/20 HCWs at ...
Sase Shigeru - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to develop an efficient method of determining gate-on and -off timing in respiration-gated radiotherapy. Gate-on and -off timing in a breathing cycle were defined as the respiratory signal level for the start of irradiation (Ls) in the expiration phase and that for the end ...
Valic Zoran - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The human diving reflex is characterized by bradycardia, decreased cardiac output, and peripheral vasoconstriction, and has an oxygen-conserving effect both at rest and during exercise. However, the resultant time course and extent of muscle desaturation is unknown. METHODS: We used near-infrared spectroscopy to continuously measure the decrease in tissue ...
Prys-Picard Curig O - - 2006
Disproportionate breathlessness is a term that is used synonymously with dysfunctional breathing and idiopathic hyperventilation in the absence of chest disease. In the presence of chest disease, it may not be possible to use these three terms interchangeably. We report a case of a patient with documented asthma but breathlessness ...
Potter M A - - 2006
AIMS: To assess whether stoats (Mustela erminea) would eat small baits containing 0.1% sodium monofluoroacetate (1080); whether they would die from it; how long it would take to kill them; and to document the behaviour of 1080-intoxicated stoats. METHODS: Stoats were offered 1-g baits of two semi-fluid formulations containing 0.1% ...
Mauro Marina M Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, - - 2006
To determine whether a shortened (13)C urea breath test ((13)C UBT) (breath collection time of 10 min) is as reliable as the standard assay (30 min). Two hundred ninety-seven patients (mean +/- SD: 53+/-16 years, 57% female) completed a (13)C UBT. Breath samples were obtained at baseline and at 5 ...
Basanta M - - 2007
An adaptive sampler for collecting 2.5 dm(3) samples of exhaled air from human subjects with an impaired respiratory function is described. Pressure in the upper respiratory tract is continuously monitored and the data used to control an automated system to collect select portions of the expired breathing cycle onto a ...
Lindholm P - - 2006
The urge to breathe, as stimulated by hypercapnia, is generally considered to cause a breath-hold diver to end the breath-hold, and pre-breath hold hyperventilation has been suggested to cause hypoxic loss of consciousness (LOC) due to the reduced urge to breathe. Competitors hyperventilate before "Static Apnea", yet only 10% surface ...
Lindwall Robert - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the workplace concentrations of NO and NO(2) in and around a paediatric incubator during inhaled NO (iNO) treatment and during an accidental emptying of NO cylinders into room air. DESIGN: We simulated iNO-nasal CPAP treatment in order to assess the impact on the occupational environment. Furthermore, two ...
Perry Steven F - - 2006
Because the increase in metabolic rate related to locomotor activity places demands on the cardiorespiratory apparatus, it is not surprising that the evolution of breathing and of locomotion are coupled. As the respiratory faculty becomes more refined, increasingly aerobic life strategies can be explored, and this activity is in turn ...
Olson Thomas P - - 2006
Patients with heart failure develop various ventilatory abnormalities, including reduced ventilatory reserves, increased ventilatory demands, and high work and cost of breathing. They tend to breathe with a rapid-shallow pattern, have low end-expiratory lung volumes, and may develop rhythmic oscillations in ventilation and tidal volume. These abnormalities likely contribute to ...
Nolan Jerry P - - 2006
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine how long it takes rescuers to complete five cycles of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) using a compression-ventilation (CV) ratio of 30:2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty subjects, who were all members of the medical service at a motor racing circuit and trained in ...
Lofaso F - - 2007
Brief oxygen therapy is commonly used for resuscitation at birth or prevention of hypoxaemia before procedures during the neonatal period. However, O(2) may severely depress breathing, especially when administered repeatedly. The aim of the present study was to test the effects of repeated hyperoxia on breathing control in newborn mice. ...
Zakynthinos Spyros - - 2007
RATIONALE: The mechanisms by which chemoreceptors process carbon dioxide stimuli are poorly understood. Recent in vitro studies suggest a role of reactive oxygen species in central carbon dioxide chemoreception. OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that antioxidant treatment modulates the ventilatory response to carbon dioxide in healthy humans, either during unloaded ...
Lease Hilary M - - 2006
The volume of a tracheal system influences breath-holding capacity and provides an index of an insect's investment in its respiratory system. Here, we describe a new, generally applicable method to measure tracheal volume that enables repeatable determinations on live animals. Animals are isolated in a closed chamber of a known ...
Chopra S - - 2006
This study was designed to evaluate interfraction and intrafraction breast movement and to study the effect of respiratory training on respiratory indices. Five patients were immobilized in supine position in a vacuum bag and three-dimensional set up errors, respiratory movement of the breast during normal and deep breathing, tidal volume ...
Vieira Geraldo Magela - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of weight lifting on intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: Subjects performed 4 repetitions of a bench press exercise in 2 ways: in mode I (right eyes), the breath was held during the last repetition; in mode II (left eyes), subjects exhaled normally during the last repetition. ...
Weese-Mayer Debra E - - 2006
This study characterizes cardiorespiratory dysregulation in young girls with MECP2 mutation-confirmed Rett syndrome (RS). Respiratory inductance plethysmography of chest/abdomen and ECG was obtained during daytime wakefulness in 47 girls with MECP2 mutation-confirmed RS and 47 age-, gender-, and ethnicity-matched controls (ages 2-7 y). An in-home breath-to-breath and beat-to-beat characterization was ...
Prakash E Sankaranarayanan - - 2006
Although the effect of reflex increase in vagal tone on the frequency of premature ventricular complexes (PVC) is known, the effect of timed deep breathing on the frequency of PVC has not been reported. We serendipitously discovered that deep breathing at six breaths per minute abolished PVC in an 18-year-old ...
Dreger Randy W - - 2006
To examine the effects of firefighting personal protective ensemble (PPE) and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) on exercise performance, 12 males completed two randomly ordered, graded exercise treadmill tests (GXTPPE and GXTPT). Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) during GXTPPE was 17.3% lower than the GXTPT in regular exercise clothing (43.0 +/- 5.7 ...
Curtis R A - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Locomotor-respiratory coupled (LRC) breath types are a feature of galloping exercise in horses. Differences in breath type have been demonstrated during exercise in particular the 'big respiratory cycle' (BRC) and 'flow hesitation'. To investigate breath types during recovery and quantitatively investigate BRCs during exercise to understanding ...
Kim Chong S - - 2006
Accurate dose estimation under various inhalation conditions is important for assessing both the potential health effects of pollutant particles and the therapeutic efficacy of medicinal aerosols. We measured total deposition fraction (TDF) of monodisperse micrometer-sized particles [particle diameter (Dp) = 1, 3, and 5 microm in diameter] in healthy adults ...
Gargaglioni Luciane H - - 2007
The primary role of the respiratory system is to ensure adequate tissue oxygenation, eliminate carbon dioxide and help to regulate acid-base status. To maintain this homeostasis, amphibians possess an array of receptors located at peripheral and central chemoreceptive sites that sense respiration-related variables in both internal and external environments. As ...
Sarang Patil S - - 2006
Cyclic meditation (CM) is a technique which combines "stimulating" and "calming" practices, based on a statement in ancient yoga texts suggesting that such a combination may be especially helpful to reach a state of mental equilibrium. The oxygen consumption, breath rate and breath volume of 50 male volunteers (group mean ...
Fabre Nicolas - - 2007
Mechanisms of coordination between breathing and movement during dynamic exercise are still a matter of debate. This study aimed to examine the degree of coordination between breathing and arm propulsion patterns and to compare the relative contribution of neuro-mechanical and chemical factors. Thirteen trained cross-country skiers performed constant submaximal 6-min ...
Glénet Stéphane N - - 2006
The aim of this work was to define the relationship between membrane conductance for NO (Dm) and physical activity by using either the steady state NO transfer (T(LNO)SS) or the single breath method (T(LNO)SB), making the hypothesis that NO transfer is only limited by the membrane. Alterations in T(LNO)SS with ...
Collyer Sally - - 2006
PURPOSE: Research into respiratory behavior during singing and speech makes extensive use of standard respiratory and vented pneumotachograph facemasks. This study investigated whether the use of such facemasks would affect respiratory behavior in terms of lung volume (excursion, at initiation and at termination) or duration (of inspiration and of expiration) ...
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