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Dornbos David - - 2011
The effects of exercise pre-conditioning on lessening the impact of ischemia/reperfusion injury provide pivotal information and potential targets for future pharmacological intervention. Exercise induces increased expression of neurotrophic factors, the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, integrins, angiogenic factors, as well as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and heat shock proteins (Hsp-70). These ...
Archer Trevor - - 2011
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be due to a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts normal brain function; it presents an ever-growing, serious public health problem that causes a considerable number of fatalities and cases of permanent disability annually. Physical exercise restores ...
Keeler Benjamin E - - 2012
We examined gene expression in the lumbar spinal cord and the specific response of motoneurons, intermediate gray and proprioceptive sensory neurons after spinal cord injury and exercise of hindlimbs to identify potential molecular processes involved in activity dependent plasticity. Adult female rats received a low thoracic transection and passive cycling ...
Grice A - - 2011
Regular participation in physical activity and sport increases exposure to injury risk. While there are increasing recommendations to exercise or partake in sport, little is known of the frequency of sports injuries for the general public and their understanding of the consequences of such injuries. The aim of this study ...
Hammouda Omar - - 2011
The aim of this study was (i) to evaluate whether homocysteine (Hcy), total antioxidant status (TAS), and biological markers of muscle injury would be affected by time of day (TOD) in football players and (ii) to establish a relationship between diurnal variation of these biomarkers and the daytime rhythm of ...
Theisen Daniel - - 2011
This report briefly summarises the cardiovascular factors that influence exercise physiology, and eventually sports performance, of athletes with a spinal cord injury (SCI). The consequences of a SCI are numerous and concern voluntary muscle function, deep and superficial sensitivity, and autonomic function to a degree determined by the level and ...
Forrest George P - - 2011
Functional electric stimulation (FES) is a technology that may allow patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) to transfer stand and walk. This paper reports upon the use of the Case Western Reserve Neuroprosthesis by a T6 ASIA B paraplegic subject. The subject was able to stand for two minutes and ...
Rowley Nicola J - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To investigate localised and systemic effects of chronic exercise and inactivity on conduit artery remodelling in humans. METHODS:: We recruited elite athletes engaged in predominantly lower limb (LL runners/cyclists, n=10) or upper limb (UL canoe paddlers, n=12) exercise and matched able-bodied, recreationally active, controls (C, n=16). We also studied ...
Shah Nikunj R - - 2011
ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 27-year-old male athlete presenting with severe dyspnoea 24 hours after completing an \x{201c}Ironman Triathlon.\x{201d} Subsequent chest radiology excluded pulmonary embolus but confirmed an acute lung injury (ALI). Echocardiography corroborated a normal brain natriuretic peptide level by demonstrating good biventricular systolic function with no ...
Druyan Amit - - 2011
Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is the most complicated and dangerous amongst heat injuries that can lead to irreversible injury and even death. Early diagnosis and treatment are therefore crucial determinants of the patient's prognosis. The following case report depicts a soldier who presented primarily with confusion and behavioral changes during ...
Krishnamoorthy Naveen - - 2011
McArdle's disease (myophosphorylase deficiency), an uncommon autosomal recessive metabolic disorder, is characterized clinically by exercise intolerance beginning in childhood, myalgia, cramps, exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis, "second wind" phenomenon, elevated Creatine Kinase (CK) levels at rest, and previous episodes of raised CK levels following exercise. Several mutations in the PYGM gene and geographic ...
Reurink Gustaaf - - 2011
BackgroundDespite the high rate of hamstring injuries, there is no consensus on their management, with a large number of different interventions being used. Recently several new injection therapies have been introduced.ObjectiveTo systematically review the literature on the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions for acute hamstring injuries.Data sourcesThe databases of PubMed, EMBASE, ...
Jull Gwendolen A - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Review of research identifying physical impairments in the neuromuscular system in subjects with whiplash associated disorders.Objective. Review the impairments in movement and neuromuscular function towards constructing research informed exercise programs.Summary of Background Data. Pain and injury to the musculoskeletal system result in loss of motion and impaired ...
Carling C - - 2011
In this study, the effects of a prolonged period of fixture congestion (8 successive official matches in 26 days) on physical performance and injury risk and severity in a professional soccer team were investigated. Computerised motion-analysis was used to analyse the overall distance covered and that run at light- (0.0-11.0 km·h - 1); ...
Gearhart Randall F RF - - 2011
Older adults may be susceptible to injury during high-intensity resistance exercise. It has been suggested that it may be more protective to predict one-repetition maximum (1-RM) than to measure it because of the high intensity associated with 1-RM testing, but it may be necessary to measure 1-RM for functional, diagnostic, ...
Qiu Huai-Yu - - 2011
The cause of eye injury in various services may be different. Preventing the injury according to the cause would be more effective. We investigated 502 (549 eyes) cases of ocular injury in 21 military hospitals in China. Sports-related injury was the first cause of ocular injury (181/502, 36.1%), and it ...
Robinson Brian - - 2011
With the beginning of each school year athletes of all ages are gearing up to play. The National Athletic Trainers' Association offers several important tips for consideration before a player begins formal participation, including information regarding pre-participation physicals; beating the heat; locker room cleanliness; emergency action plans; and exercising caution ...
Taylor J Andrew - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the magnitude and range of increases in peak aerobic capacity with hybrid-functional electrical stimulation (FES) rowing versus arms-only rowing in persons with spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Comparison of graded exercise tests for peak responses during FES rowing and arms-only rowing. Preliminary data on adaptations to FES row ...
Kawasaki Takashi - - 2011
This study investigated the renal and endocrine responses to arm exercise in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) under euhydration conditions (ad libitum drinking of water) and determined the physiological effects of exercise on renal function in these subjects. Eleven SCI (spinal lesions between T6 and L1, American Spinal Injury ...
Gomes E C - - 2011
In this study, the effect of vitamin C and E supplementation on lung injury and performance of runners were analyzed. Using a randomized, double-blinded, crossover design, nine runners participated in two experimental trials: a 2-week Vitamin trial (vitamin C = 500 mg/day + vitamin E = 100 IU/day) and a 2-week Placebo trial. At the end of each ...
Petersen Jesper - - 2011
The incidence of acute hamstring injuries is high in several sports, including the different forms of football. The authors investigated the preventive effect of eccentric strengthening of the hamstring muscles using the Nordic hamstring exercise compared with no additional hamstring exercise on the rate of acute hamstring injuries in male ...
Bolger C - - 2011
Injury to the airway epithelium has been proposed as a key susceptibility factor for exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Our goals were to establish whether airway epithelial cell injury occurs during EIB in athletes and whether inhalation of warm humid air inhibits this injury. Twenty-one young male athletes (10 with a history ...
Devan Allison E - - 2011
Resistance exercise involves muscular contractions that can render downstream tissues ischemic and may precondition the vasculature against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, but it is unknown if habitual resistance exercise protects against IR injury in humans. We determined the magnitude and recovery from endothelial IR injury induced by forearm occlusion in 22 ...
Ginis K A Martin - - 2011
Objectives:To systematically develop evidence-informed physical activity guidelines to improve physical fitness in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:This study was conducted in CanadaMethods:The Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation II guideline development protocol was used to develop exercise guidelines to improve physical capacity and muscular strength. The evidence base for ...
Michele Basso D - - 2011
Despite intensive neurorehabilitation, extensive functional recovery after spinal cord injury is unattainable for most individuals. Optimal recovery will likely depend on activity-based, task-specific training that personalizes the timing of intervention with the severity of injury. Exercise paradigms elicit both beneficial and deleterious biophysical effects after spinal cord injury. Modulating the ...
Stein J - - 2011
Upper limb paresis is a major source of disability in stroke survivors, and robotic aided exercise therapy is a promising approach to enhance motor abilities. Few devices have been available to provide robotic therapy to the fingers and hand. We report an open-label pilot study of 12 individuals with chronic ...
Griesbach Grace S - - 2011
This article describes the effects of exercise on neural plasticity after traumatic brain injury (TBI). There is strong evidence that indicates that exercise has neuroprotective effects by activating specific neuronal circuits and increasing molecules that enhance synaptic plasticity. Findings obtained from experimental models of TBI are discussed to support the ...
Gomez-Pinilla Fernando - - 2011
Although feeding is an essential component of life, it is only recently that the actions of foods on brain plasticity and function have been scrutinized. There is evidence that select dietary factors are important modifiers of brain plasticity and can have an impact on central nervous system health and disease. ...
Hassett Leanne M - - 2011
Purpose: To explore factors that may influence exercise adherence in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) theoretical model. Participants: Thirty participants with TBI who had been randomized to a home-based exercise programme in a recently conducted randomized controlled trial. Methods: ...
de Lateur Barbara J - - 2011
Fatigue is a major barrier to recovery for burned individuals. Studies indicate that a slow return to normal or near-normal muscle strength is the natural course of recovery. With no special interventions, other than the "usual care" tailored to the needs of the individual, postburn patients will make gradual improvement ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2011
While the promotion of health-related fitness is thereby widespread, less focus is currently being given on the biological influence that physical activity might exert on results of laboratory testing. As such, this study was undertaken to assess the kinetics of liver injury markers following physical exercise. Total and direct bilirubin ...
Gallanagh Siobhan - - 2011
The role of physical activity in the prevention of stroke is of great interest due to the high mortality and significant impact of stroke-related morbidity on the individual and on healthcare resources. The use of physical activity as a therapeutic strategy to maximise functional recovery in the rehabilitation of stroke ...
van Wijck Kim - - 2011
Splanchnic hypoperfusion is common in various pathophysiological conditions and often considered to lead to gut dysfunction. While it is known that physiological situations such as physical exercise also result in splanchnic hypoperfusion, the consequences of flow redistribution at the expense of abdominal organs remained to be determined. This study focuses ...
Teodori Rosana Macher - - 2011
There is no consensus about the best time to start exercise after peripheral nerve injury. We evaluated the morphological and functional characteristics of the sciatic nerves of rats that began to swim immediately after crush nerve injury (CS1), those that began to swim 14 days after injury (CS14), injured rats ...
Trees Amanda H - - 2011
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most frequently injured ligament of the knee. The ACL may be damaged in isolation but often other ligaments and menisci are implicated. The injury may be managed surgically or conservatively. Injury causes pain, effusion and inflammation leading to alteration in muscle function. Regaining ...
Foy Teresa - - 2011
Occupational therapy (OT) is a critical component of the rehabilitation process after spinal cord injury (SCI), the constitution of which has not been studied or documented in full detail previously. To describe the type and distribution of SCI rehabilitation OT activities, including the amount of time spent on evaluation and ...
Trees Amanda H - - 2011
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most frequently injured ligament of the knee. Injury causes pain, effusion and inflammation leading to the inability to fully activate the thigh muscles. Regaining muscular control is essential if the individual wishes to return to pre-injury level of function and patients will invariably ...
Brumitt Jason - - 2010
The primary goal of a sports rehabilitation program is to return the injured athlete back to competition as quickly and as safely as possible. Sports physical therapists utilize a variety of exercise equipment to help an athlete restore function after an injury. An injured athlete's therapeutic exercise program frequently includes ...
Franklin S H - - 2010
During the past 20 years, treadmill exercise testing has played an important role in both the study of equine exercise physiology and the investigation of poor athletic performance. However, it has been suggested that some trainers and veterinarians may be reluctant to refer horses for treadmill exercise testing because of ...
Williams-Bell F Michael - - 2010
Professional firefighters (33 men, 3 women), ranging in age from 30 to 53 years, participated in a simulation of a subway system search and rescue while breathing from their self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). We tested the hypothesis that during this task, established by expert firefighters to be of moderate intensity, ...
Chan Agnes S - - 2011
Neuro-electrophysiological studies on meditative breathing revealed its association with either a relaxed or an attentive state. The present study aimed to investigate whether the Shaolin Dan Tian Breathing (DTB) technique, which consists of the Passive and Active subtypes and can be considered as a relaxation exercise and Qigong, would induce ...
Evans D L - - 2011
Inflammatory airway disease (IAD) is common in racehorses, and is a cause of wastage in the industry. IAD has been diagnosed by measurement of percent neutrophils (N%) in tracheal aspirates (TA). The aim of this study was to investigate whether spirometric indices of pulmonary function were correlated with N% in ...
King J - - 2010
In this phenomenological study we focus on dynamic measurements of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath under exercise conditions. An experimental setup efficiently combining breath-by-breath analyses using proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) with data reflecting the behaviour of major hemodynamic and respiratory parameters is presented. Furthermore, a methodology ...
Yuen Alan W C - - 2010
Studies on various medical conditions have shown that poor health is associated with lower parasympathetic tone. People with epilepsy appear to have decreased parasympathetic tone, with a greater decrease in those with intractable seizures than in those with well-controlled epilepsy. Slow breathing exercises have been shown to increase parasympathetic tone ...
Elliott Adrian D - - 2010
Both cycle ergometry and treadmill exercise are commonly employed to examine the cardiopulmonary system under conditions of precisely controlled metabolic stress. Although both forms of exercise are effective in elucidating a maximal stress response, it is unclear whether breathing strategies or ventilator efficiency differences exist between exercise modes. The present ...
Fiore Julio F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of breathing exercises with positive-pressure devices during hospitalization aims to prevent the development of nosocomial pulmonary complications or to facilitate recovery from pulmonary conditions already present. Although this type of intervention has potential benefits and theoretical advantages over more conventional respiratory physiotherapy techniques, the literature on the ...
DeBeck Lindsay D - - 2010
Previous research has suggested a relationship between low-frequency power of heart rate variability (HRV; LF in normalized units, LFnu) and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). However, investigations have not systematically controlled for breathing, which can modulate both HRV and MSNA. Accordingly, the aims of this experiment were to investigate the ...
Miedinger David - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Breathing dry, cold air may cause bronchoconstriction in asthmatics working with self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). Air delivered by SCBA is cooler than ambient air. It is unclear whether a bronchial challenge test using mannitol (BCTM) can predict a fall in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) during exercise ...
Tomich Georgia Miranda - - 2010
To evaluate breathing pattern and thoracoabdominal motion during breathing exercises. Twenty-four patients with class II or III obesity (18 women; 6 men) were studied on the second postoperative day after gastroplasty. The mean age was 37 +/- 11 years, and the mean BMI was 44 +/- 3 kg/m(2). Diaphragmatic breathing, ...
Lamberg Eric M - - 2010
Clear evidence links voluntary breath control, intra-abdominal pressure and lumbar stability. However, little is known regarding optimal breath control during manual materials handling. No studies have examined natural breath control while lifting a maximal load. Fourteen healthy subjects lifted a loaded crate from the floor to a table while respiratory ...
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