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Hernández Salma Stéphany SS Center of Health Sciences and Sport, Univ. Estadual de Santa Catarina, Adapted Physical Activity Lab, Florianópolis, SC, - - 2014
In order to identify and characterize the scientific literature on the effects of exercise on Alzheimer's disease a research was conducted in the following databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science and Scopus. These Mesh terms have been used: "Exercise", "Motor Activity", "Physical Fitness", "Alzheimer Disease" and its synonyms in English, ...
Paine Nicola J NJ School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2014
Elevated inflammatory levels are linked to poorer cognition, but experimental confirmation is lacking. This report examined associations between cognitive performance and inflammation induced by exercise and vaccination. Thirty-six (exercise N = 18, vaccination N = 18) healthy males completed a paced auditory serial addition test (PASAT), which is a multifaceted measure of cognitive function. ...
Tamura Masashi M Department of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan; Ibaraki Prefectural Medical Center of Psychiatry, Kasama, Ibaraki, - - 2014
It has been suggested that exercise improves cognitive function and increases cerebral volume even in older people. However, the relation between cognitive function and brain volume is unclear. We evaluated the longitudinal change of cognitive function and gray matter volume due to mild-intensity exercise over 2 years, and the residual ...
Hurdiel Rémy R a Laboratoire URePSSS-ReLACS , Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale , Dunkerque , - - 2014
Abstract This study investigated the effects of combined sleep deprivation and strenuous exercise on cognitive and neurobehavioral performance among long-distance runners completing one of the most difficult ultramarathons in the world. Seventeen runners participated. Each had a wrist-worn actigraph throughout the race to record their sleep time. In addition, each ...
Ruiz J R JR PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity research group (PROFITH), Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effects of 8-week exercise-intervention on cognition and related serum biochemical markers in nonagenarians. We also studied the effects of a 4-week training cessation ('detraining') period on our study variables. Participants were randomly allocated to a standard-care (control) or intervention ...
Pruna Gabriel J GJ a Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness , University of Central Florida , Orlando , FL 32816 , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine dipeptide (AG) on cognitive function and reaction time (RT) following endurance exercise. Twelve male endurance athletes (23.5 ± 3.7 y; 175.5 ± 5.4 cm; 70.7 ± 7.6 kg) performed four trials, each consisting of running on ...
McNerney M Windy MW a Biology and Biotechnology Division , Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory , Livermore , CA , - - 2014
Over time, regular exercise can lower the risk for age-related decline in cognition. However, the immediate effects of exercise on memory consolidation in younger adults have not been fully investigated. In two experiments, the effects of exercise were assessed on three different memory tasks. These included paired-associate learning, procedural learning ...
Yu Fang - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease, a global public health issue, accounts for 60 to 80% of all dementias. Alzheimer's disease primarily causes cognitive impairment and drugs have only modest short-term effects, highlighting a pressing need to develop effective interventions. Aerobic exercise holds promise for treating cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease through biologically sound ...
Chu Da-Chen DC Institute of Public Health and Community Medicine Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
The preventive effect of late-life physical exercise on cognitive deterioration has been reported in many cohort studies. However, the effect of exercise, independent of other cognitively demanding and social activities, is equivocal and little is known about the relative contributions of frequency, intensity, and duration of exercise. This study aimed ...
Chan Wai Chi WC Department of Psychiatry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
Numerous studies have reported the prevention of falls through exercise among cognitively healthy older people. This study aimed to determine whether the current evidence supports that physical exercise is also efficacious in preventing falls in older adults with cognitive impairment. Two independent reviewers searched MEDLINE; EMBASE; PsycINFO; the Cumulative Index ...
Jeoung Bog Ja BJ Department of Exercise Rehabilitation & Welfare, College of Health Science, Gachon University, Incheon, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to provide basic data to identify which types of exercise promote health of older adults. To this end, this study investigated how exercise affects frailty, depression, and cognitive functions in older adults. Frailty, depression, and cognitive function assessed in the exercise participants, 164 ...
Kozora E E National Jewish Health, Denver, CO, USA Department of Neurology, University of Colorado Medical School, Denver, CO, USA Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Medical School, Denver, CO, USA - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the relationship between cognitive dysfunction and lung function, exercise endurance, and self-reported activity levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cognitive dysfunction is present in 20%-60% of SLE patients. No studies to date have investigated the inter-relationships between cardiopulmonary factors and cognition in this population. ...
Chao Ying-Yu YY Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, USA - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to summarize and synthesize the impact of using the Nintendo Wii™ exergames in older adults. A database search was conducted to identify relevant studies. The search was limited to empirical studies, with particular attention paid to the effects of Wii exergames intervention on cognition, ...
Oguh O O Department of Neurology, University of Florida, Jacksonville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a substantial interest in the impact of exercise on reduction of disability and rate of progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). The primary aim was to describe exercise habits of PD patients and factors associated with greater levels of exercise. The secondary aim was to explore whether regular exercise ...
Wong S H S SH Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of carbohydrate-electrolyte solution (CE), lemon tea (LT), and distilled water (DW) on rehydration and cognitive performance after 60 min of moderate exercise. 9 healthy males and 10 eumenorrheic females completed 3 runs in a randomized crossover study design. During the ...
Ogoh Shigehiko S Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, Kawagoe-Shi, Saitama, - - 2014
No studies have identified the direct effect of changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) on cognitive function at rest and during exercise. In this study, we manipulated CBF using hypercapnic gas to examine whether an increase in CBF improves cognitive function during prolonged exercise. The speed and the accuracy of ...
Ohman Hanna H Rehabilitation and Care Services, City of Helsinki Hospital, Helsinki, - - 2014
Numerous studies have shown that physical exercise has positive effects on cognition in healthy adults. Less is known about the effectiveness of exercise interventions in older individuals already suffering from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia. The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence from randomized controlled ...
Nascimento Carla Manuela Crispim - - 2014
The benefits of physical exercise to reduce low-grade inflammation and improve Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) levels and cognitive function became a growing field of interest. Low-grade inflammation is common during aging and seems to be linked to neurodegenerative process. Regular physical exercises can help to reduce pro-inflammatory cytokines levels and ...
Forbes Dorothy - - 2014
This is an update of our previous 2008 review. Several recent trials and systematic reviews of the impact of exercise on people with dementia are reporting promising ļ¬ndings. Primary: Do exercise programs for older people with dementia improve cognition, activities of daily living (ADLs), challenging behaviour, depression, and mortality in ...
Chen Ming-Shu MS 0000-0002-2713-3546 Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan, Chung-Li 32003, Taiwan ; Department of Health Management Center, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, No. 21, Sec. 2, Nanya S. Rd., Banciao District, New Taipei City 220, - - 2014
Falls are unpredictable accidents, and the resulting injuries can be serious in the elderly, particularly those with chronic diseases. Regular exercise is recommended to prevent and treat hypertension and other chronic diseases by reducing clinical blood pressure. The "complexity index" (CI), based on multiscale entropy (MSE) algorithm, has been applied ...
Stothart Cary R CR Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States of - - 2014
A number of studies and meta-analyses conclude that aerobic fitness (walking) interventions improve cognition. Such interventions typically compare improvements from these interventions to an active control group in which participants engage in non-aerobic activities (typically stretching and toning) for an equivalent amount of time. However, in the absence of a ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095230.].
Lee Jason Kw JK Combat Protection and Performance Programme, Defence Medical and Environmental Research Institute, DSO National Laboratories, Singapore, Republic of Singapore ; Department of Physiology, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singapore ; Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Republic of - - 2014
There is limited information on the effects of sports drinks on cognitive function after exercise in the heat. We aimed to investigate the effects of ingesting a commercially available carbohydrate-electrolyte (CHO) solution on cognitive performance following exercise-induced hyperthermia. Twelve participants completed three practices of cognitive tests, one full familiarisation and ...
Hu Jian-Ping JP The Center of Physical Health, Henan Polytechnic University Jiaozuo 454000, Henan Province, P. R. - - 2014
A decline in cognitive ability commonly occurs among older individuals. This study sought to explore the restorative effects of exercise in older patients with existing cognitive disabilities. Ninety-six patients with mild cognitive impairment were placed in an exercise program for six months. Following completion of the program, participants were assessed ...
Lattari Eduardo E Panic & Respiration Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; National Institute for Translational Medicine (INCT-TM), - - 2014
Exercise produces potential influences on physical and mental capacity in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, and can be made a viable form of therapy to treat Parkinson's disease (PD). We report the chronic effects of a regular physical exercise protocol on cognitive and motor functions, functional capacity, and symptoms in an ...
Lichtwark Glen A - - 2013
The elastic properties of the human Achilles tendon are important for locomotion, however in vitro tests suggest that repeated cyclic contractions lead to tendon fatigue; an increase in length in response to stress applied. In vivo experiments have not, however, demonstrated mechanical fatigue in the Achilles tendon, possibly due to ...
Shang Jingjing - - 2012
Adherence has significantly affected the efficacy of a randomized clinical trial (RCT) to test exercise interventions. The aims of this study were to analyze exercise-related adherence patterns among patients receiving active cancer treatment and to identify factors related to exercise adherence and contamination in both the intervention and control groups. ...
Scheewe Thomas W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Increased mortality in schizophrenia is caused largely by coronary heart disease. Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a key factor for coronary heart disease mortality. We compared CRF in patients with schizophrenia to CRF of matched, healthy controls and reference values. Also, we examined the effects of exercise therapy on ...
Porter Barbara J - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hand deformities (ulnar drift, swan neck and boutonniere) are prevalent in rheumatoid arthritis and develop early in the disease process. These deformities cause significant functional impairment and impact quality of life. This review will provide a clinical perspective using the most recent evidence regarding the role of ...
de Almeida J P Lopes - - 2012
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease in which much burden is geared towards end-of-life care. Particularly in the earlier stages of ALS, many people have found both physiological and psychological boosts from various types of physical exercise for disused muscles. Proper exercise is important for ...
Versteylen Mathijs O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The usual diagnostic work-up of chest pain patients includes clinical risk profiling and exercise-ECG, possibly followed by additional tests. Recently cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) has been employed. We evaluated the prognostic value of the combined use of exercise-ECG and CCTA for the development of cardiovascular endpoints. METHODS: In ...
Yigit Semra - - 2012
The importance of exercise and regular physiotherapy in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) under treatment with tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNFα inhibitors) was reported in some studies, but the literature on this topic is still scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of home-based exercise ...
Salzman Steve H - - 2012
We are still at the early phase of finding useful phenotypes in COPD that can guide therapy. However, in a simple sense, "sick patients die." Many phenotypic measurements of severity correlate with mortality in COPD: FEV(1), the ratio of inspiratory capacity to total lung capacity (IC/TLC), diffusing capacity of the ...
Pichurko Bohdan M - - 2012
With the introduction of the stair climb test of surgical patients in the 1950s, the role of exercise-based testing as a useful diagnostic tool and an adjunct to conventional cardiopulmonary testing was established. Since then, we have witnessed a rapid development of numerous tests, varying in their protocols and clinical ...
Hayden Mary Lou - - 2012
To provide an overview of the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) without underlying asthma. Case presentation and review of the EIB Landmark Survey. EIB is a common and well-described occurrence in patients with asthma, as well as in patients with no overt respiratory condition. Treatment with ...
Morris G Stephen - - 2011
The high acuity of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients receiving glucocorticoid (GC) therapy for acute graft vs. host disease (aGVHD) may limit their adherence to an exercise-based rehabilitation program and hence, slow their recovery. To make this determination, the medical records of 59 subacute outpatient stem cell transplant recipients ...
Rankin A J - - 2011
The benefits of exercise in the prevention of cardiovascular disease are irrefutable. However, the optimum 'dose' of exercise in order to derive the maximum cardiovascular benefit is not certain. Current national and international guidelines advocate the benefits of moderate intensity exercise. The relative benefits of vigorous versus moderate intensity exercise ...
Velema Marieke S - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a widespread disease with high morbidity rates. Advanced stages can be complicated by unintentional weight loss and muscle wasting, which may contribute to increased morbidity and mortality. Reversal of weight loss increases muscle strength and exercise capacity and improves survival. This ...
Alexanderson Helene - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present scientific evidence on clinical and molecular effects of exercise in adult and juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies focusing on recent studies. RECENT FINDINGS: In patients with inclusion body myositis (IBM), one small, open study recently for the first time reported on improved muscle strength and functional ...
Thuné-Boyle I C V - - 2011
ABSTRACTBackground: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common and are core symptoms of the condition. They cause considerable distress to the person with dementia and their carers and predict early institutionalization and death. Historically, these symptoms have been managed with anxiolytic and antipsychotic medication. Although potentially effective, such ...
Schreuders T A R - - 2011
The flexor digitorum profundus tendons are markedly interconnected, making them less able to move independently than the tendons of the flexor digitorum superficialis. This difference is often attributed to the common muscle belly of the profundus, but also, more importantly, to cross-connections between the tendons of the profundus. The effect ...
Czer L S C - - 2011
The standard biatrial technique for orthotopic heart transplantation uses a large atrial anastomosis to connect the donor and recipient atria. A modified technique involves bicaval and pulmonary venous anastomoses and is believed to preserve the anatomic configuration and physiological function of the atria. Bicaval heart transplantation reduces postoperative valvular regurgitation ...
Palamone Janet - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Neurosurgical patients tend to have the highest rate of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) rate among other postsurgical patients. The methods and timing of DVT prevention and treatment continue to be debated among neurointensivists. The greatest opportunity to intervene is early during the stay in the intensive care unit. There ...
Han Byung In - - 2011
Vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) is an exercise-based treatment program designed to promote vestibular adaptation and substitution. The goals of VRT are 1) to enhance gaze stability, 2) to enhance postural stability, 3) to improve vertigo, and 4) to improve activities of daily living. VRT facilitates vestibular recovery mechanisms: vestibular adaptation, ...
Maddocks Matthew M School Molecular Medical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. - - 2011
Therapeutic exercise may help maintain or slow down the rate of decline in muscle mass and physical function that occurs with cachexia. This review considers recent evidence in relation to patients with cachexia as regards the rationale for the use of exercise, the challenges in its clinical application and future ...
Gualano Bruno - - 2011
There is an extensive and still growing body of the literature supporting the efficacy of creatine (Cr) supplementation. In sports, creatine has been recognized as the most effective nutritional supplement in enhancing exercise tolerance, muscle strength and lean body mass. From a clinical perspective, the application of Cr supplementation is ...
Wright Alexis A - - 2011
Previous researchers have reported on the use of augmented home exercise programs with potential carry-over effects from manual therapy treatment. While there is no direct evidence to support augmented manual therapy, tangential evidence demonstrates that specific, supervised, and adherent exercises result in improved outcomes. The purpose of this case report ...
van der Plas A - - 2012
Eccentric exercises have the most evidence in conservative treatment of midportion Achilles tendinopathy. Although short-term studies show significant improvement, little is known of the long-term (>3 years) results. To evaluate the 5-year outcome of patients with chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy treated with the classical Alfredson's heel-drop exercise programme. Part of ...
Mudge Alison M - - 2011
The Exercise Joins Education: Combined Therapy to Improve Outcomes in Newly-discharged Heart Failure (EJECTION-HF) study will evaluate the impact of a supervised exercise training programme (ETP) on clinical outcomes in recently hospitalized heart failure patients attending a disease management programme (DMP). Methods This multisite, pragmatic randomized controlled trial enrols patients ...
Shahzad Khurram - - 2011
With its increasing prevalence throughout the world, heart failure continues to be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Patients with heart failure develop progressive metabolic abnormalities, inflammation, and atrophy in the myocardium and skeletal muscle. Improvement in functional capacity as defined by exercise tolerance is essential for better quality of ...
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