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Lichtwark Glen A - - 2013
The elastic properties of the human Achilles tendon are important for locomotion, however in vitro tests suggest that repeated cyclic contractions lead to tendon fatigue; an increase in length in response to stress applied. In vivo experiments have not, however, demonstrated mechanical fatigue in the Achilles tendon, possibly due to ...
Shang Jingjing - - 2012
Adherence has significantly affected the efficacy of a randomized clinical trial (RCT) to test exercise interventions. The aims of this study were to analyze exercise-related adherence patterns among patients receiving active cancer treatment and to identify factors related to exercise adherence and contamination in both the intervention and control groups. ...
Scheewe Thomas W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Increased mortality in schizophrenia is caused largely by coronary heart disease. Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a key factor for coronary heart disease mortality. We compared CRF in patients with schizophrenia to CRF of matched, healthy controls and reference values. Also, we examined the effects of exercise therapy on ...
Porter Barbara J - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hand deformities (ulnar drift, swan neck and boutonniere) are prevalent in rheumatoid arthritis and develop early in the disease process. These deformities cause significant functional impairment and impact quality of life. This review will provide a clinical perspective using the most recent evidence regarding the role of ...
de Almeida J P Lopes - - 2012
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease in which much burden is geared towards end-of-life care. Particularly in the earlier stages of ALS, many people have found both physiological and psychological boosts from various types of physical exercise for disused muscles. Proper exercise is important for ...
Versteylen Mathijs O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The usual diagnostic work-up of chest pain patients includes clinical risk profiling and exercise-ECG, possibly followed by additional tests. Recently cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) has been employed. We evaluated the prognostic value of the combined use of exercise-ECG and CCTA for the development of cardiovascular endpoints. METHODS: In ...
Yigit Semra - - 2012
The importance of exercise and regular physiotherapy in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) under treatment with tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNFα inhibitors) was reported in some studies, but the literature on this topic is still scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of home-based exercise ...
Salzman Steve H - - 2012
We are still at the early phase of finding useful phenotypes in COPD that can guide therapy. However, in a simple sense, "sick patients die." Many phenotypic measurements of severity correlate with mortality in COPD: FEV(1), the ratio of inspiratory capacity to total lung capacity (IC/TLC), diffusing capacity of the ...
Pichurko Bohdan M - - 2012
With the introduction of the stair climb test of surgical patients in the 1950s, the role of exercise-based testing as a useful diagnostic tool and an adjunct to conventional cardiopulmonary testing was established. Since then, we have witnessed a rapid development of numerous tests, varying in their protocols and clinical ...
Hayden Mary Lou - - 2012
To provide an overview of the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) without underlying asthma. Case presentation and review of the EIB Landmark Survey. EIB is a common and well-described occurrence in patients with asthma, as well as in patients with no overt respiratory condition. Treatment with ...
Morris G Stephen - - 2011
The high acuity of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients receiving glucocorticoid (GC) therapy for acute graft vs. host disease (aGVHD) may limit their adherence to an exercise-based rehabilitation program and hence, slow their recovery. To make this determination, the medical records of 59 subacute outpatient stem cell transplant recipients ...
Rankin A J - - 2011
The benefits of exercise in the prevention of cardiovascular disease are irrefutable. However, the optimum 'dose' of exercise in order to derive the maximum cardiovascular benefit is not certain. Current national and international guidelines advocate the benefits of moderate intensity exercise. The relative benefits of vigorous versus moderate intensity exercise ...
Velema Marieke S - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a widespread disease with high morbidity rates. Advanced stages can be complicated by unintentional weight loss and muscle wasting, which may contribute to increased morbidity and mortality. Reversal of weight loss increases muscle strength and exercise capacity and improves survival. This ...
Alexanderson Helene - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present scientific evidence on clinical and molecular effects of exercise in adult and juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies focusing on recent studies. RECENT FINDINGS: In patients with inclusion body myositis (IBM), one small, open study recently for the first time reported on improved muscle strength and functional ...
Thuné-Boyle I C V - - 2011
ABSTRACTBackground: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common and are core symptoms of the condition. They cause considerable distress to the person with dementia and their carers and predict early institutionalization and death. Historically, these symptoms have been managed with anxiolytic and antipsychotic medication. Although potentially effective, such ...
Schreuders T A R - - 2011
The flexor digitorum profundus tendons are markedly interconnected, making them less able to move independently than the tendons of the flexor digitorum superficialis. This difference is often attributed to the common muscle belly of the profundus, but also, more importantly, to cross-connections between the tendons of the profundus. The effect ...
Czer L S C - - 2011
The standard biatrial technique for orthotopic heart transplantation uses a large atrial anastomosis to connect the donor and recipient atria. A modified technique involves bicaval and pulmonary venous anastomoses and is believed to preserve the anatomic configuration and physiological function of the atria. Bicaval heart transplantation reduces postoperative valvular regurgitation ...
Palamone Janet - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Neurosurgical patients tend to have the highest rate of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) rate among other postsurgical patients. The methods and timing of DVT prevention and treatment continue to be debated among neurointensivists. The greatest opportunity to intervene is early during the stay in the intensive care unit. There ...
Han Byung In - - 2011
Vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) is an exercise-based treatment program designed to promote vestibular adaptation and substitution. The goals of VRT are 1) to enhance gaze stability, 2) to enhance postural stability, 3) to improve vertigo, and 4) to improve activities of daily living. VRT facilitates vestibular recovery mechanisms: vestibular adaptation, ...
Maddocks Matthew M School Molecular Medical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. - - 2011
Therapeutic exercise may help maintain or slow down the rate of decline in muscle mass and physical function that occurs with cachexia. This review considers recent evidence in relation to patients with cachexia as regards the rationale for the use of exercise, the challenges in its clinical application and future ...
Gualano Bruno - - 2011
There is an extensive and still growing body of the literature supporting the efficacy of creatine (Cr) supplementation. In sports, creatine has been recognized as the most effective nutritional supplement in enhancing exercise tolerance, muscle strength and lean body mass. From a clinical perspective, the application of Cr supplementation is ...
Wright Alexis A - - 2011
Previous researchers have reported on the use of augmented home exercise programs with potential carry-over effects from manual therapy treatment. While there is no direct evidence to support augmented manual therapy, tangential evidence demonstrates that specific, supervised, and adherent exercises result in improved outcomes. The purpose of this case report ...
van der Plas A - - 2012
Eccentric exercises have the most evidence in conservative treatment of midportion Achilles tendinopathy. Although short-term studies show significant improvement, little is known of the long-term (>3 years) results. To evaluate the 5-year outcome of patients with chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy treated with the classical Alfredson's heel-drop exercise programme. Part of ...
Mudge Alison M - - 2011
The Exercise Joins Education: Combined Therapy to Improve Outcomes in Newly-discharged Heart Failure (EJECTION-HF) study will evaluate the impact of a supervised exercise training programme (ETP) on clinical outcomes in recently hospitalized heart failure patients attending a disease management programme (DMP). Methods This multisite, pragmatic randomized controlled trial enrols patients ...
Shahzad Khurram - - 2011
With its increasing prevalence throughout the world, heart failure continues to be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Patients with heart failure develop progressive metabolic abnormalities, inflammation, and atrophy in the myocardium and skeletal muscle. Improvement in functional capacity as defined by exercise tolerance is essential for better quality of ...
Paolillo Stefania - - 2011
Patients affected by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) show a reduced exercise tolerance with early occurrence of dyspnoea and fatigue. The origin of functional capacity limitation is multifactorial and several mechanisms have been proposed, including right heart failure, which leads to a limited increase in cardiac output during exercise, and hyperventilation ...
Baumann Freerk T - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction, fatigue as well as fears and depression rank among the most common complaints in patients with prostate cancer, resulting in a reduced participation in daily life and social isolation. Consequently, the quality of life of prostate cancer patients is strongly affected in a negative way. ...
Wise Frances M - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in developed nations, and there is a clear link with physical inactivity. The benefits of resistance training in patients with coronary heart disease are well documented and can contribute to secondary prevention of heart disease with corresponding improvements in patient survival. This ...
Neves Paulo C - - 2011
Bronchiectasis is characterized by irreversible widening of the medium-sized airways, with inflammation, chronic bacterial infection and destruction of the bronchial walls. Exercise or inspiratory muscle training may improve quality of life and exercise endurance in people with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Prolonged-use antibiotics improve clinical response rates, but may not reduce ...
Polkey Michael I - - 2011
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) a pathophysiological cycle occurs such that locomotor muscle weakness and fatiguabilty exist, which in turn limit exercise performance both because of leg discomfort and also because anaerobic metabolism leads to lactic acid production. Since the lactic acid is buffered by bicarbonate there is consequent ...
Frounfelter Gregory G - - 2011
The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate the treatment of patella-femoral knee pain in an adolescent female athlete with emphasis on neuromuscular training of the knee and hip in synergy movement strategies. A 1.67-m, 61.5-kg, 15-year-old woman athlete reported to rehabilitation with the complaint of a 1-year history ...
Angelini C - - 2011
LGMD2B is a frequent proximo-distal myopathy with rapid evolution after age 20. Exacerbating factors may be physical exercise and inflammation. There is very little information about the effect of sportive activity in LGMD2B, since eccentric exercise frequently results in muscle damage. LGMD2B has often an onset with myalgia and MRI ...
Busch Angela J - - 2011
Fibromyalgia syndrome, a chronic condition typically characterized by widespread pain, nonrestorative sleep, fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, and other somatic symptoms, negatively impacts physical and emotional function and reduces quality of life. Exercise is commonly recommended in the management of people with fibromyalgia, and interest in examining exercise benefits for those with ...
Nybacka Åsa - - 2011
To compare the influence of dietary management and/or physical exercise on ovarian function and metabolic variables in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Randomized 4-month trial with three interventions and a long-term follow-up. Women's health clinical research unit at a university hospital. Fifty-seven overweight/obese women with PCOS. Dietary management, physical ...
Esser Stephan - - 2011
Exercise is one of the most discussed and controversial nonpharmacologic management strategies for osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Health care providers and patients share varied and often pseudoscientific beliefs regarding the effects of exercise on knee OA formulated on outdated notions of the etiology, pathophysiology, and progression of the condition. ...
Barron Anthony J AJ International Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London and Imperial College NHS Trust, UK. - - 2012
Secundum atrial septal defects (ASD) are the commonest congenital cardiac abnormality. They are often identified incidentally, or in conjunction with an acquired cardiac abnormality. Untreated they may lead to significant morbidity and mortality, with consequences including right ventricular overload and right heart failure, pulmonary arterial hypertension, shunt reversal and cyanosis, ...
Cousin A - - 2011
Rehabilitation care and physical exercise are known to constitute an effective treatment for chronic peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) at the intermittent claudication (IC) stage. Improvements in functional capacities and quality of life have been reported in the literature. We decided to assess the effects of hospital-based exercise training on ...
Szymanski Catherine - - 2011
There is uncertainty and debate regarding whether ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) is a secondary epiphenomenon resulting from left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or confers an independent effect on exercise capacity and outcomes. We tested whether ischemic MR negatively affects exercise capacity and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery ...
Gayda M - - 2011
AIM: The impact of both fasting and postprandial glycaemia on heart rate recovery (HRR) has not been studied in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). For this reason, we sought to determine the relationships between HRR and both fasting and postprandial glycaemia. METHODS: A total of 4079 patients with baseline ...
Filbay Stephanie R - - 2011
The efficacy of physiotherapy techniques used for patients following uncomplicated coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is well documented. Previous research showed that some of this evidence was not rapidly adopted into practice by cardiothoracic physiotherapists; however, there has been no recent evaluation of the uptake of evidence. Our aim was ...
Dickman Kathleen - - 2012
Purpose: This project examined recently implemented shared medical appointments (SMAs) at a free clinic for patients with diabetes and/or hypertension. Changes in patients' self-managing behaviors, specifically exercise and goal-setting activity, were explored after participating in SMAs for 4 months. Data sources: The study employed a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. Participants completed ...
Gordon Jennifer L - - 2011
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Dysfunctional autonomic control of the CV system may represent a mechanism explaining this relationship. Poor CV recovery after exercise, indicative of dysfunctional autonomic control of the CV system, predicts CV events and death. This is the first study to ...
Esposito Eileen M - - 2011
Esposito EM, Fitzpatrick JJ. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2011; 17: 351-356 Registered nurses' beliefs of the benefits of exercise, their exercise behaviour and their patient teaching regarding exercise Recommendations by experts have been in place for > 10 years encouraging every adult to participate in ≥ 30 min of daily moderate-intensity physical ...
Kostopoulos Konstantinos - - 2011
Exercise constitutes an important intervention aiming to improve health and quality of life for several categories of patients. Personalized exercise prescription is a rather complicated issue, requiring several aspects to be taken into account, e.g. patient's medical history and response to exercise, medication treatment, personal preferences, etc. The present work ...
Wehrmeister Fernando César - - 2011
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are aimed at providing benefits to COPD patients, in various aspects. Our objective was to review the literature on COPD patient rehabilitation. This systematic review involved articles written in English, Spanish, or Portuguese; published between 2005 and 2009; and indexed in national and international databases. Articles were ...
Ogalha Cecília - - 2011
Patients with AIDS under antiretroviral therapy often present with metabolic problems associated with HIV infection and its therapy, which can affect their quality of life. The knowledge on the potential benefits of regular physical exercises for HIV-infected patients is limited. : We conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the impact ...
Yahiaoui Anella - - 2011
Advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART) have decreased HIV-related morbidity and mortality and contributed to rapidly increasing numbers of older people living with HIV. Successful management of ART-related side effects (metabolic syndrome) and age-related comorbidities (frailty) are major challenges for patients and providers. Exercise has proven beneficial for younger HIV-infected patients, ...
Kosmadakis George C GC John Walls Renal Unit, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, - - 2012
There is increasing evidence of the benefit of regular physical exercise in a number of long-term conditions including chronic kidney disease (CKD). In CKD, this evidence has mostly come from studies in end stage patients receiving regular dialysis. There is little evidence in pre-dialysis patients with CKD Stages 4 and ...
Ahlskog J Eric - - 2011
Parkinson disease (PD) is progressive, with dementia and medication-refractory motor problems common reasons for late-stage nursing-home placement. Increasing evidence suggests that ongoing vigorous exercise/physical fitness may favorably influence this progression. Parkinsonian animal models reveal exercise-related protection from dopaminergic neurotoxins, apparently mediated by brain neurotrophic factors and neuroplasticity (predicted from in ...
Lemyze Malcolm - - 2011
Maximal exercise capacity and pulmonary gas exchange are both commonly impaired in liver cirrhosis. Apart from rare cases of hepatopulmonary syndrome, it is still unknown whether these moderate pulmonary gas exchange abnormalities can alter aerobic capacity of cirrhotic patients. Resting pulmonary function tests and symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing were prospectively ...
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