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Results 401 - 450 of 1197
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Raulo S M - - 1996
The activities of lysosomal enzymes, such as beta-glucuronidase and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase, have been shown to increase in muscle after endurance exercise. We examined whether measurable activities of lysosomal enzymes are present in equine plasma and whether the exercise-induced changes in the muscle are reflected in plasma. Six trained Standardbred trotters performed ...
Liss S - - 1996
The results of stimulating human subjects with the LISS Cranial Stimulator (LCS) and the LISS Body Stimulator (LBS) include an increase or decrease in the activities of certain neurotransmitters and neurohormones and the reduction of associated pain, insomnia, depression, and spasticity. The effects were documented in human subjects with measurements ...
Eston R - - 1996
The ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) scale has received widespread acceptance for gaining a subjective estimate of work intensity and as a means of monitoring and regulating exercise intensity across a variety of populations. The original premise for the use of the scale was its high correlation with heart rate ...
Koizumi T - - 1996
We have previously shown in sheep that pulmonary vascular resistance decreases rapidly after the onset of constant exercise, followed by a slower and smaller second vasodilation. The second phase is partly regulated by alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor activation. We examined the effect of inhaled nitric oxide (NO; 40 ppm) and intravenous ...
Hallén J - - 1996
Onset of exercise leads to a sudden increase in [K+] in venous plasma from the exercising muscles. Delayed by about 10 s. the arterial [K+] rises nearly at the same rate as the venous concentration. At exercise intensities below 100% of Vo2max, both venous and arterial [K+] stabilize at a ...
Cui Y - - 1996
State-dependent changes in extracellular concentration of endogenous opioids in the septum of Columbian ground squirrels were examined in the hibernating and euthermic states using in vivo microdialysis. The order of estimated extracellular concentration was found to be: hibernating > interbout euthermia > non-hibernating euthermia for dynorphin A and interbout euthermia ...
Eysmann S B - - 1996
To examine whether beta-adrenergic desensitization occurs after prolonged exercise, echocardiograms, heart rate responses to isoproterenol, plasma catecholamines, and circulating lymphocyte beta-adrenergic receptors were examined in 10 sedentary normal subjects at rest and after brief (10 min) and exhaustive (mean duration 95 min) cycle exercise. Resting end-diastolic volume and ejection fraction ...
Kuhn W - - 1996
Death of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) may partially be caused by synthesis and accumulation of endogenous and exogenous toxins. Because of structural similarity to MPTP, beta-carbolines, like norharman and harman, have been proposed as putative neurotoxins. In vivo they may easily be formed by cyclization of indoleamines with ...
Dicker A - - 1996
The ability of different adrenergic agents to stimulate nonshivering thermogenesis in Syrian hamsters was investigated. The hamsters were cold-acclimated to 6 degrees C and their thermogenic response was investigated in an open-circuit system at 24 degrees C. Both norepinephrine and the beta 3-specific adrenergic agonist CGP-12177 induced a high rate ...
Brodsky M A - - 1996
To further define the relation between changing adrenergic tone, beta-blocker therapy, and clinical ventricular tachycardia (VT), we evaluated these factors in 35 patients with VT unrelated to coronary artery disease or ventricular dysfunction. Testing included Holter monitoring (91% had VT), exercise test (69% had VT), Adrenergic responsiveness of VT was ...
Stoschitzky K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: We recently reported a highly stereoselective increase in plasma concentrations of (S)-atenolol during exercise which is most likely due to a release of the drug from adrenergic cells. The objective of the present study was to investigate the influence of physical exercise on plasma concentrations of the (R)- and ...
Chugh L K - - 1996
Growth of embryonic axis of germinating pea seeds (Pisum sativum cv. Bonneville) was significantly inhibited by as low as 0.25 mM cadmium and the elongation of the radicle was affected more severely than that of the plumule. Total amylolytic activity, as well as activities of alpha- and beta-amylases, diminished progressively ...
Malerba M - - 1996
The effects on exercise tolerance after acute administration of beta 2-agonists were investigated in 11 patients with partly reversible chronic airway obstruction after 400 micrograms of salbutamol (S) given intravenously (i.v.) and after 400 micrograms i.v. of a new selective beta 2-agonist, broxaterol (B), by a cardiopulmonary incremental exercise test. ...
Gullestad L - - 1996
1. Variable results have been reported on the effect of beta-adrenoceptor blockers on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and exercise endurance. This may in part be due to different subject populations, but it could also be due to an adaption of metabolic and haemodynamic responses to exercise during chronic treatment ...
Kantola I - - 1996
Changes in the release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and vasopressin (VP) may contribute to the final outcome of beta-adrenoceptor blocking therapy. Therefore, we administered 2 hours before a bicycle exercise test (a 30-minute exercise with 100 W work load) in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study orally 50 mg ...
Matthys D - - 1996
The aim of this study was to assess plasma ammonia levels during acute treadmill exercise in dogs after intravenous administration of a single dose of different cardioselective (atenolol) and non-selective (sotalol and propranolol) beta-adrenergic blocking drugs. The experiments were performed on 6 male mongrel dogs (20-25 kg) trained to run ...
Tuininga Y S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise and mental work cause alterations in cardiac autonomic control. beta-Blockers protect the heart against stress, and this effect may be in part centrally mediated. In this context, the lipophilicity of the drug would be clinically relevant. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty postinfarct patients were randomized to receive 100 ...
White M - - 1995
The effect of beta-adrenergic receptor downregulation on peak exercise response in patients with heart failure has not been directly investigated. Seventy-two patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy who had a mean ejection fraction of 23 +/- 1% (mean +/- SEM) and New York Heart Association class II or III symptoms were ...
Madjlessi-Simon T - - 1995
The purpose of this trial was to study the additional anti-ischaemic effects of amlodipine in coronary patients with ambulant ischaemia despite beta-blocker therapy. Beta-blockers are the most effective drug therapy for reducing the frequency and duration of ambulatory ischaemic episodes. However, the therapeutic advantage of combined calcium antagonist-beta-blocker treatment remains ...
Schneider D A - - 1995
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between minute ventilation (VE) and plasma concentrations of epinephrine (EPI) and norepinephrine (NE) during incremental cycling (20 W.2 min-1) performed under conditions of beta-adrenergic blockade (80 mg of propranolol) and placebo in six untrained male subjects. No significant differences ...
Holubarsch C - - 1995
BACKGROUND: DL-Sotalol has class III antiarrhythmic activity through prolongation of the repolarization phase of the action potential as well as beta-adrenoceptor-blocking properties. Although the former effect was found to exert positive inotropic effects in animal experimental studies, the latter may be detrimental in heart failure due to negative inotropism. In ...
Thompson J M - - 1995
Dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (D beta H) is the enzyme responsible for intraneural conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine. Its deficiency results in failure of norepinephrine synthesis, excessive dopamine release and orthostatic hypotension. We studied a young patient with this deficiency using the currently available methods to assess sympathetic function namely measurement of norepinephrine ...
Benthem L - - 1995
The influence of 48 hours of starvation on sympathoadrenal regulation of nutrient utilization was investigated in rats. To assess the role of alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors, rats were studied during alpha- and beta-blockade. Energy metabolism was measured using indirect calorimetry before, during, and after moderate swimming exercise (approximately 60% maximal O2 ...
Schrauwen P - - 1995
beta-Adrenoceptor blocking agents impair endurance exercise performance in healthy subjects and in patients with hypertension. A possible explanation for the reduced exercise tolerance is a diminished availability of plasma non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) for energy production during exercise. This study investigated the effect of beta-adrenoceptor blockade on NEFA uptake of ...
Patel J J - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the effects of beta-blockade on cardiopulmonary exercise performance in symptomatic patients with tight mitral stenosis in sinus rhythm. BACKGROUND: The role of beta-blockers in these patients has been controversial and assessment of effort tolerance using treadmill exercise time has produced conflicting results. METHODS: ...
Matthys D - - 1995
The purpose of the present study was to document exercise induced hyperammoniemia after blockade of the beta-adrenoceptors and to investigate the effect of administration of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) and glucose in these conditions. Seven dogs, chronically instrumented with a catheter in the deep jugular vein and a Doppler probe ...
Pennacchio M - - 1995
An aqueous extract obtained from the leaves of the traditional Aboriginal medicinal plant Eremophila alternifolia R.Br. (Myoporaceae) was tested on isolated hearts of normotensive rats using the Langendorff heart preparation. A single injection of the extract into the retrograge perfusion solution induced cardioactivity, consisting of a short initial increase in ...
Epple H J - - 1995
In vivo electrogenic Na+ absorption (JeNa) in the human rectum is controlled by acute variation of aldosterone in nanomolar concentration range. In this study we report both the induction of JeNa in human rectum epithelium by nanomolar aldosterone added in vitro and the enzymatic control of glucocorticoid action on JeNa. ...
Silke B - - 1995
1. This study used a continuous-wave echo-Doppler method (Exerdrop) to investigate the effects of beta-adrenoceptor antagonism and partial agonism on cardiovascular responses at rest and during dynamic exercise. 2. A double-blind, randomised, placebo controlled comparison of metoprolol (50 mg) and celiprolol (200 mg) was undertaken in nine normal volunteers; single ...
Geers R - - 1995
Pigs were selected at random from three genetic lines (homozygote halothane positive and negative, heterozygotes), and were transported twice. Before and after each transport, blood samples were taken from the jugular vein to measure plasma cortisol and beta-endorphin content. During each transport behaviour and heart rate of the pigs were ...
Ashcom T L - - 1995
beta-blocker therapy for mitral stenosis is controversial. This study compares right and left heart hemodynamics at rest and supine submaximal exercise in patients (n = 7) receiving chronic beta-antagonists with untreated patients (n = 17) matched for age (mean +/- SD = 51 +/- 12 years) and valve area (0.7 ...
Lamont L S - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to assess the interaction between beta-blockade and exercise on amino acid kinetics. This was a three-way crossover experiment using beta 1-blockade, beta 1,beta 2-blockade, and a placebo control. Three 6-h L-[1-13C]leucine and L-[alpha-15N]lysine infusions were performed. The first 3 h established an isotopic steady ...
Stoschitzky K - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: In vitro studies have shown that, like catecholamines, both propranolol and atenolol are taken up by and released from adrenergic cells. We performed this study to investigate whether this may also play a role in humans and whether stereoselective aspects are important. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, ...
Yoshimoto K - - 1995
1. Studies using human liver microsomes and six recombinant human CYP isoforms (i.e. CYP1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2D6, 2E1 and 3A4) were performed to identify the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoform(s) involved in the ring 4-hydroxylation and side-chain N-desisopropylation of propranolol enantiomers in humans. 2. alpha-Naphthoflavone and 7-ethoxyresorufin (selective inhibitors of CYP1A1/2) ...
Lyden M - - 1995
We compared the systemic beta-adrenoceptor blockade elicited by metipranolol with timolol in a randomized, double-masked, multiple crossover study in 24 healthy volunteers. On each of 4 test days, subjects exercised on a treadmill for 10 min at 4 mi/h at a 5% gradient. After a 30-min rest, they received one ...
Vyssoulis G P - - 1995
To assess the effect of beta-blocker antihypertensive therapy on exercise capacity, 40 patients randomized to celiprolol 200 mg and metoprolol 100 mg daily in a double-blind fashion were studied after a month of placebo and a year of active treatment. Both drugs normalized office blood pressure and produced echocardiographic and ...
Leenen F H - - 1995
BACKGROUND: In healthy human hearts, beta 2-receptor-mediated chronotropic and inotropic responses contribute to the cardiac responses to beta-agonists. A (patho)physiological relevance for beta 2-receptor-mediated responses has so far not been demonstrated, in part because beta 1-receptor-mediated responses to cardiac neuronally released norepinephrine can mask beta 2-receptor-mediated responses. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Benthem L - - 1995
alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors play a key role in the regulation of nutrient supply to working muscles during exercise. To assess their influence in the regulation of substrate utilization, rats were studied during alpha- or beta-adrenoceptor blockade. Energy metabolism was studied by means of indirect calorimetry before, during, and after moderate ...
Grove A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Salbutamol exhibits partial agonist/antagonist activity at airway beta 2 receptors in vitro in that it attenuates the bronchorelaxant effect of the full agonist isoprenaline. The aim of the present study was to characterise the partial beta 2 agonist/antagonist activity of salbutamol in vivo during supine rest and exercise, in ...
Gullestad L - - 1995
The effect of propranolol (0.15 mg/kg body wt) on K+ fluxes was investigated in seven healthy males performing 8-min two-legged knee-extension exercise at two different powers. K+ concentration was measured in the femoral vein by a K(+)-selective electrode, and leg blood flow was measured by the dye-dilution technique. During control ...
Johnson J A - - 1995
Previous studies have suggested that racial differences may exist in beta-adrenoceptor-mediated responsiveness. However, no clear conclusions can be drawn based on these studies because of the confounding effect of the parasympathetic nervous system on responses to isoproterenol bolus doses. In this study, we blocked the effects of the parasympathetic nervous ...
Menescal-de-Oliveira L - - 1995
Microinjection of carbachol into the dorsal parabrachial regio (PBRd) of guinea pigs induces analgesia from the 5th to the 15th min postinjection, as evaluated by the reduction of the vocalization in response to an electric shock applied to one paw. When reversible blockade of the dorsomedial medulla or specifically of ...
Mott A A - - 1995
This study investigated the effects of exercise on the intrahemispheric coherence of human electroencephalographic (EEG) signals. The frontal and temporal sites of each hemisphere (left: F3, T3; right: F4, T4) were selected as the sites to be compared. The subjects were divided into an exercise group and a control (nonexercise) ...
Viru A - - 1995
beta-Endorphin is metabolized to gamma- and alpha-endorphin. In order to evaluate endorphin metabolism during exercise, radioimmunoassay blood levels of alpha-, beta- and gamma-endorphins were recorded during exercise for 2 h on a cycling ergometer in 12 endurance-trained and 11 untrained male subjects. In untrained subjects, mild exercise (49 +/- 4% ...
Rønnevik P K - - 1995
The effects of the beta 1-selective beta-adrenergic blocker metoprolol on physiological responses, exercise capacity and gas exchange parameters were measured in healthy men using different graded bicycle exercise protocols on separate days before and following administration of 200 mg controlled-release metoprolol. Eleven men performed in randomised order maximal cardiopulmonary exercise ...
Convertino V A - - 1995
Increased sensitivity of end-organ responses to neuroendocrine stimuli as a result of prolonged exposure to the relative inactivity of microgravity has recently been hypothesized. This notion is based on the inverse relationship between circulating norepinephrine and beta-adrenoreceptor sensitivity. Beta-adrenoreceptor activity is reduced in individuals who have elevated plasma norepinephrine as ...
Karita M - - 1995
The effects of a combination regimen of metoprolol and beta 1-adrenoceptor agonist denopamine on resting and exercise heart rate have been studied in 10 normal volunteers. Maximal ramp upright bicycle exercise was performed three times at 1-week intervals. Two hours before each exercise test, 5 mg metoprolol plus 20 mg ...
Cosenzi A - - 1995
Nonselective beta-blockers may reduce exercise performance, not only through hemodynamic but also through metabolic effects. During prolonged physical exertion, lipolysis induced by plasma epinephrine occurs through beta-adrenoceptors of adipocytes. Therefore, beta-blockade may reduce release of free fatty acids (FFA) from adipocytes and consequently the energy supply for muscle cells. In ...
Gleerup G - - 1995
The effects of isradipine and atenolol on platelet function and fibrinolytic activity were studied in 10 male patients with mild untreated hypertension. After a 2-week placebo run-in period, the volunteers were randomized to either isradipine 2.5 mg twice daily or atenolol 100 mg daily for a 6-month period. Those initially ...
Hird R B - - 1994
The use of protamine sulfate in patients has been associated with circulatory collapse and is suspected to directly depress left ventricular function. However, the cellular basis for these changes that occur after protamine administration are unknown. Accordingly, the first objective of this study was to determine the direct effects of ...
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