Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1197
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González O - - 1998
The effects of exercise stress on erythrocyte beta-adrenergic receptor characteristics and plasma concentrations of adrenaline, noradrenaline and thyroid hormones were studied in Thoroughbred racehorses during rest and after exercise. Five minutes after a maximal speed race of 1200 +/- 200 m (mean +/- s.d.), both plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline concentrations ...
Stubenitsky R - - 1997
1. To date no study has described the cardiovascular effects of increased myofilament Ca2+ responsiveness in awake animals both under resting conditions and during treadmill exercise. In the present study we therefore investigated the systemic, pulmonary and coronary haemodynamic actions of the Ca2+ sensitizer EMD 57033 in 16 chronically instrumented ...
Sumida S - - 1997
We investigated the effects of acute exhaustive exercise and beta-carotene supplementation on urinary 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) excretion in healthy nonsmoking men. Fourteen untrained male (19-22 years old) volunteers participated in a double blind design. The subjects were randomly assigned to either the beta-carotene or placebo supplement group. Eight subjects were given ...
Wada T - - 1997
It has been demonstrated that cultured mesangial cells (MC) express latent transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta binding protein (LTBP) mRNA, and that LTBP might be essential for the extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation stimulated by TGF-beta in cultured MC. We performed a study to test the pathophysiological role of LTBP in mesangial ...
Nieto J L - - 1997
beta-Adrenergic mechanisms may be important in the adaptation of skeletal muscle to endurance training. beta-Adrenergic signal transduction was examined in the gastrocnemius muscle of rats submitted to a progressive, 12-week treadmill running program and compared with sedentary controls. beta-Adrenoceptor density was significantly lower in exercised rats than in controls. The ...
Takase B - - 1997
To investigate the effects of carteolol, which is a nonselective beta-adrenergic agent with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity, on silent myocardial ischemia, exercise-induced myocardial ischemia, indexes of heart rate variability, and pain-modulating system, 20 patients (mean 60 +/- 9 years) with chronic stable angina underwent exercise treadmill testing and 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic ...
Coker R H - - 1997
The role of catecholamines in the control of hepatic glucose production was studied during heavy exercise in dogs, using a technique to selectively block hepatic alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors. Surgery was done > 16 days before the study, at which time catheters were implanted in the carotid artery, portal vein, ...
Vea H - - 1997
Beta-adrenergic sensitivity and counterregulatory hormone and symptomatic responses to hypoglycaemia were studied in a 22-year-old man before and 3 and 34 weeks after removal of an insulinoma. The beta-adrenergic sensitivity was measured by the effect of an isoprenaline infusion on the heart rate, and the dose needed to increase the ...
Mier C M - - 1997
We sought to determine whether 10 days of training would be a sufficient stimulus for cardiac adaptations that would allow a greater compensatory stroke volume during beta-blockade. We also sought to determine whether men and women had a similar cardiac reserve capacity for increasing stroke volume with beta-blockade during submaximal ...
Jilma B - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Until now the effects of beta-adrenergic agonists have largely been ascribed to their ability to induce intracellular formation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate. Recently evidence has been accumulating that at least some beta1 and beta2-adrenoceptor effects may be mediated by nitric oxide (NO). Based on these studies, we hypothesized that ...
Noppen M M - - 1997
In patients with essential hyperhidrosis (EH), a pathological condition characterized by increased activity of the upper dorsal sympathetic ganglia D2-D3, anatomical interruption at the D2-D3 level by thoracoscopic sympathicolysis (TS) is a safe and effective treatment. The D2 and D3 ganglia, however, are also in the pathway of sympathetic lung ...
Shields L E - - 1997
Currently little is known about the cardiovascular responses of the anemic fetus to neuromuscular blockade. We hypothesized that, despite marked anemia with potentially decreased cardiac reserve, the fetal responses to Pancuronium neuromuscular blockade would differ significantly when compared with neuromuscular blockade with Atracurium (a cardiovascular sparing agent). Ten fetal sheep ...
Guo Z - - 1997
We previously found that epinephrine, a mixed beta- and alpha-adrenoreceptor agonist, stimulates systemic and nonsplanchnic upper body free fatty acid (FFA) release but not lower body FFA release in healthy nonobese women. To evaluate the role of beta-adrenergic-mediated effects on this regional difference in lipolysis, we measured systemic, leg, and ...
Goldfarb A H - - 1997
beta-Endorphin, a 31-amino-acid peptide, is primarily synthesised in the anterior pituitary gland and cleaved from pro-opiomelanocortin, its larger precursor molecule. beta-Endorphin can be released into the circulation from the pituitary gland or can project into areas of the brain through nerve fibres. Exercise of sufficient intensity and duration has been ...
Lamont L S - - 1997
This was a randomized, cross-over experiment designed to determine which beta-adrenergic receptors, beta 1, beta 2, or both, regulate metabolic rate in humans. All subjects (3 women, 4 men) were administered a 7-d therapeutic dose of a selective beta 1-antagonist (atenolol 50 mg BID), a combined beta 1, beta 2-antagonist ...
Carlsen K H - - 1997
The present randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study aimed at investigating the possible improvement in endurance performance caused by inhaled salmeterol (long-acting beta 2-agonist) and salbutamol (short-acting) compared to placebo in 18 healthy well-trained athletes, aged 17-30 years old. Lung function (flow-volume loops) was measured before and after each inhaled study drug ...
Head A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that beta 1 selective agents have fewer adverse effects on exercise metabolism than nonselective beta blockers, and this has been attributed to their reduced blockade of beta 2 receptors. This study aimed at determining whether a beta blocker with partial agonist activity at beta 1 ...
Fujii N - - 1997
Competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis was used to clarify whether dynamic exercise-induced increases in beta-adrenergic-receptor (beta-AR) number in human lymphocytes are accompanied by increases in the beta-AR mRNA level. Sixteen healthy subjects performed cycle ergometry until exhaustion. Before and immediately after exercise, peripheral blood was drawn from a ...
Todd M K - - 1997
This study compared the effects of exercise or TXB2 and beta-TG when evaluated by four methods: 1) not adjusted; 2) adjusted for plasma volume changes (PV); 3) standardized per 10(5) platelets (PC); 4) or both PC and PV (PC-PV). Blood was collected from 16 men (41.3 +/- 8.1 yr) at ...
Lipworth B J BJ Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, Dundee, - - 1997
Regular treatment with both long- and short-acting beta 2-agonists results in tolerance to their bronchoprotective effects, although the relevance of this phenomenon in terms of long term asthma control remains unclear. However, there appears to be no appreciable difference between the 2 long-active beta 2-agonists, salmeterol and formoterol, in their ...
Cook C J - - 1997
Measurements of neurotransmitters in conscious animals have been restrictive in real-time. The use of specific enzymes within an amperometric probe, based upon a microdialysis membrane, may overcome some of these problems. I report the use of such a probe, with different perfusions of enzymes, to allow real-time measurement of glutamate, ...
Li S - - 1997
The object of this experiment is to study the autonomic nervous control of alpha responses elicited in classical conditioning. Twenty-two mongrel dogs were trained in classical discriminative conditioning. Typical two-phase tachycardic responses were observed in positive (CS+) trials while only the earliest, phase 1, response was observed in negative (CS-) ...
Bhatia S C - - 1997
Bipolar concentric electrodes were implanted in extreme lateral regions of hypothalamus having coordinates (A12.5 mm, L 3.5-3.7 mm, V 3.0-3.7 mm). These sites were electrically stimulated using biphasic square wave pulses (1 ms, 60 Hz) at a current strength ranging from 300-800 microA to evoke predatory attack on an anaesthetized ...
de Miguel T - - 1997
Four wild-type species of the genus Rhodosporidium have been studied as as possible sources for the industrial production of beta-carotene. HPLC-based studies showed that their carotenoid composition consisted of almost pure beta-carotene at concentrations ranging from 226 to 685 micrograms/g of dried yeast biomass. These results are consistent with those ...
Böttcher M - - 1997
The beta 1 receptor blockade reduces cardiac work and may thereby lower myocardial blood flow (MBF) at rest. The effect of beta 1 receptor blockade on hyperemic MBF is unknown. METHODS: To evaluate the effect of selective beta 1 receptor blockade on MBF at rest and during dipyridamole induced hyperemia, ...
Drummond P D - - 1997
The effect of adrenergic blockade on vascular responses in the forehead was assessed during stressful mental arithmetic, singing, and moderate exercise in 21 frequent blushers and 21 infrequent blushers. Adrenergic antagonists were introduced into a small site on the forehead by iontophoresis, and vascular responses were monitored bilaterally with laser ...
Pacifici G M - - 1997
1. Salbutamol as a beta 2-adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of lung obstructive disease and premature labour. It has a bioavailability of 50% and sulphation is the main route of its metabolism. (-)-Salbutamol retains most of the beta 2-adrenergic activity and, thereby, we describe the interindividual variability in the ...
Eagles C J - - 1997
AIMS: We examined the effects of different combinations of beta 1-selective adrenoceptor blockers and lipid-lowering drugs, on fat metabolism and fatigue during moderate intensity exercise in 14 healthy young volunteers. METHODS: The study was a randomized crossover design, each subject completing 5, 90 min walks at 50% of predetermined maximal ...
Silke B - - 1997
A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled comparison of metoprolol (50 mg) and celiprolol (200 mg) was undertaken in nine normal volunteers. Rest and exercise (supine bicycle) hemodynamics were assessed at 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours following single oral doses of medication administered at weekly intervals. The influence of the ancillary ...
Mosha T C - - 1997
The alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and total provitamin A carotenoids and the effect of traditional processing practices on the retention of these provitamins were studied using amaranth, cowpea, peanut, pumpkin and sweet potato leaves. Results of this study indicated that the content of total carotenoids, beta-carotene and alpha-carotene were in the range ...
Weston A R - - 1997
Skeletal muscle buffering capacity (beta m), enzyme activities and exercise performance were measured before and after 4 weeks of high-intensity, submaximal interval training (HIT) undertaken by six well-trained competitive cyclists [mean maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) = 66.2 ml.kg-1.min-1]. HIT replaced a portion of habitual endurance training and consisted of six ...
Perna G P - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the net release of beta-endorphin during exercise, similar to that of norepinephrine, is related to functional disability in patients with congestive heart failure. BACKGROUND: Plasma beta-endorphin and norepinephrine levels are elevated at rest in patients with heart failure, reflecting a functional disability. The net release of ...
Clancy R L - - 1997
To role of beta-adrenergic and muscarinic cholinergic systems on maximal treadmill exercise performance and systemic O2 transport during hypoxic exercise (PIO2 approximately 70 Torr) was studied in rats acclimatized to hypobaric hypoxia (PIO2 approximately 70 Torr for 3 weeks, A rats) and in non-acclimatized littermates (NA rats). Untreated A rats ...
Lipworth B J - - 1997
A partial beta-adrenoceptor (beta-AR) agonist will exhibit opposite agonist and antagonist activity depending on the prevailing degree of adrenergic tone or the presence of a beta-AR agonist with higher intrinsic activity. In vivo partial beta-AR agonist activity will be evident at rest with low endogenous adrenergic tone, as for example ...
Ishida K - - 1997
To elucidate whether combined adrenergic and parasympathetic blockade would affect the ventilatory response to exercise, especially at the initial stage (phase I), six healthy subjects performed a brief and light voluntary bilateral leg extension exercise and passive movements under the conditions of control (before the blockade) and after intravenous administration ...
Travis M D - - 1996
We examined the effects of the L- and D-isomers of S-nitroso-beta,beta-dimethylcysteine (L- and D-S-nitrosopenicillamine, 10(-7)-10(-5) M) on the guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) content of cultured porcine aortic smooth muscle cells and the decomposition of these stereoisomers to nitric oxide (NO). L-S-nitrosopenicillamine was a more potent generator of cGMP than D-S-nitrosopenicillamine ...
Raven P W - - 1996
The increased ratio of 5 alpha to 5 beta reduced steroids associated with apparent mineralocorticoid excess (AME) may be a necessary consequence of altered 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11-HSD) activity. In order to test this hypothesis we have compared changes in 11-HSD activity and 5 alpha/5 beta reduction in a variety ...
Franceschini R - - 1996
In order to obtain data regarding peripheral levels of beta-endorphin in head pain syndromes, we evaluated the plasma beta-endorphin secretory pattern in 12 adult male patients suffering from cluster headache. Blood samples were drawn every 2 hours for a 24-hour period, and in addition at 30-minute intervals for 120 minutes ...
Fujii N - - 1996
This study was undertaken to clarify whether beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) translocation from intracellular sites to the cell surface contributes to an increase in the number of beta-AR in lymphocytes from trained and untrained men after exercise. Nine trained and 9 untrained subjects performed exercise on a bicycle ergometer until exhaustion. ...
Head A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To measure the previously reported beta blocker induced adverse changes in mood state and anxiety measures, and to determine if prolonged aerobic exercise attenuates such mood modifications. METHODS: After 4 days of drug treatment with comparable doses of propranolol (40 and 80 mg), metoprolol (50 and 100 mg), or ...
Mäki T - - 1996
In order to evaluate the effect of beta-blocking agents with and without intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA) on work efficiency in healthy subjects, we studied the haemodynamic and gas exchange parameters, as well as blood lactate concentrations, during a graded maximal bicycle exercise test performed after perorally given propranolol (PRO) and ...
Hellström L - - 1996
Gender differences in adrenergic regulation of glycerol levels in subcutaneous, abdominal adipose tissue were investigated during submaximal exercise in non-obese, healthy men and women, using microdialysis. During exercise, glycerol levels in venous plasma and venous serum concentrations of free fatty acids increased more in women and reached about two-fold higher ...
Cosenzi A - - 1996
Endothelins (ET) are recently discovered vasoconstrictor agents released from endothelial cells and have been the object of intense investigation by researchers. Many of the factors that seem to influence the release of ET are modified by prolonged exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of physical ...
Signore P E - - 1996
Neural control of the cardiac responses to exercise in air (running) and under water (diving) was studied in the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) by means of acute pharmacological blockade with the muscarinic blocker atropine and the beta-adrenergic blocker nadolol. Saline injection was used as a control. Controls running on a treadmill ...
Gonzales F - - 1996
The influence of age, physical conditioning and physical exercise on platelet function on human being is still controversial. The aim of our study were to evaluate the effect of physical exercise on platelet activation measured by beta-thromboglobulin (beta-TG) levels and the number of platelets in sedentary and athlete subjects of ...
Nieto J L - - 1996
Adaptive changes in the beta-adrenergic adenylyl cyclase (AC) system in response to endurance training were studied in heart and adipose tissue. Training was performed by making male Wistar rats run on a motor-driven treadmill. The changes following exercise training were opposite in the two tissue studied. The density of beta-adrenergic ...
Yao B - - 1996
AIM: To study the effects of M1 and M2 receptor agonists and blockers on dog respiration. METHODS: Using thoracic respiratory transducer and RM-86 multipurpose polygraph to determine respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (TV), and minute ventilation volume (MVV), and DH-100G blood gas analysis instrument to analyze pO2, pCO2 and pH. ...
Kapoor C - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: Vascular responsiveness to infusions of vasoactive substances varies between ethnic groups. Indians of Asian origin are a rapidly growing ethnic group in the United States but have not been extensively studied. We sought to determine whether there was any difference in venous responsiveness to a local infusion of vasoactive ...
Ryan D M - - 1996
Catecholamines restore cardiac contraction depressed by hyperkalaemia (raised [K+]O) and acidosis, yet in exercise hyperkalaemia and acidosis are tolerated during beta adrenergic blockade. To test whether the negative effects of raised [K+]O are offset by a non-adrenergic hormone, angiotensin II (AII) was given to rabbit papillary muscle (All 75 nM, ...
Hampton J R - - 1996
There are good theoretical reasons for supposing that long-term treatment with a beta-blocker would improve symptoms and survival in patients with heart failure. A series of small studies have shown that beta-blockers improve haemodynamic parameters, but it is well known that these correlate poorly with symptoms. There is some evidence ...
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