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Results 201 - 250 of 1197
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B?langer Mathieu - - 2005
PURPOSE: There is substantial evidence that the use of beta-adrenergic receptor blockers (beta-blockers) is associated with a reduction in resting metabolic rate (RMR) and that a weight gain usually occurs in the first few months of treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine if RMR of overweight and ...
Agostoni Piergiuseppe - - 2005
Thalassaemia intermedia patients can suffer fatigue and exercise capacity reduction, possibly because of anaemia, deconditioning and lack of exercise-induced haemoconcentration. We studied 21 beta-thalassaemia intermedia patients, 10 splenectomised (group A) and 11 not splenectomised (group B). Patients were evaluated by cardiopulmonary exercise test with blood sampling for haemoglobin and plasma ...
Mayer Björn - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with severe heart failure (CHF), chronically elevated cytokine levels document a systemic inflammation. Experimental data suggest that activation of the beta-adrenergic system may participate in this inflammatory response. Herein, we studied as to whether beta-adrenergic blockade on top of standard CHF therapy affects plasma cytokine levels (interleukin-6 ...
Maddigan Sheri L - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess associations between perceptions of the patient-provider relationship (PPR), BMI, and adherence to diet and exercise in a rural population with type 2 diabetes and determine how these variables relate to HRQL. METHODS: A model of the hypothesized relationships between the constructs was proposed and tested using structural ...
Kwon Yong Hoon - - 2005
The interaction between acidic fluoride solution and beta titanium alloy was investigated to explore the changes that occur in beta titanium alloy by fluoride-containing acetic acid solutions. For this, alloy crystal structure, tensile strength, and elements released from the alloy wires were determined using four solutions (0.05%/pH 6, 0.05%/pH 4, ...
Ohno Yoshiyuki - - 2005
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the degree of systemic absorption and the systemic side effect after instillation of timolol maleate ophthalmic gelling vehicle in human. METHODS: A volunteer study was employed, and a randomized crossover design with the two phases was used. In one phase, the ...
Han Steven-Huy B - - 2005
Telbivudine, beta-L-2'-deoxythymidine (LdT), is a new beta-L-nucleoside analogue with potent inhibitory activity against the hepatitis B virus. In in vitro studies and animal models, telbivudine has demonstrated potent and specific antiviral activity against hepatitis B. Additionally, in preclinical animal toxicology studies, telbivudine showed no adverse side effects or adverse effects ...
Quintana Miguel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Colour tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) allows an objective assessment of regional myocardial function. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) and A-V plane displacement (AVPD) obtained from colour TDE correlate well with changes in cardiac wall motion and can discriminate ischemic areas during stress echocardiography. During exercise, the relationship between PSV and ...
Nordsborg Nikolai - - 2005
The present study tested the hypothesis that exercise with a large compared with a small active muscle mass results in a higher contraction-induced increase in Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase mRNA expression due to greater hormonal responses. Furthermore, the relative abundance of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase subunit alpha(1), alpha(2), alpha(3), alpha(4), beta(1), beta(2), and beta(3) mRNA in ...
Sabbath Adam - - 2005
Published guidelines recommend continuing beta-adrenergic receptor blockade in patients undergoing stress testing. We evaluated the role of pharmacological versus exercise stress testing in achieving target heart rate (THR) among patients on beta-adrenergic blockade. We compared data from 140 patients who underwent dobutamine stress echo (DSE) and 143 patients who underwent ...
Walker Bruce D - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by syncope and cardiac arrest, often in association with exercise or sudden arousal. It was hypothesized that patients with LQTS with human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) mutations (LQT2) have an abnormal QT adaptation to changes in heart rate induced by exercise and that ...
Kaye David M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of adrenergic receptor polymorphisms on the response of myocardium to measured levels of cardiac adrenergic drive, and to evaluate whether polymorphisms of presynaptic adrenoceptors modified the rate of cardiac and systemic release of norepinephrine. BACKGROUND: Heightened sympathetic activity plays ...
Bengel Frank M - - 2004
AIMS: To evaluate effects of beta-adrenergic receptor blockade on allograft performance, and to correlate these effects with sympathetic reinnervation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Myocardial catecholamine storage capacity was determined in 12 non-rejecting transplant recipients using PET and C-11 adrenaline (epinephrine). Haemodynamics and left ventricular function were measured using radionuclide angiography at ...
Monachini Maristela C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced dyspnea is a frequent feature in patients with hyperthyroidism. HYPOTHESIS: Data from clinical studies to elucidate the origin of this symptom are lacking. In the current study, we examined the hemodynamic and oxygenation responses to exercise and beta-adrenergic blockade in patients with hyperthyroidism and their relationship with dyspnea. ...
Gullu Sevim - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of long-term levothyroxine (LT4) suppressive therapy on the heart and the effects of beta-blockade on cardiac functions. DESIGN: Twelve female patients receiving LT4, selected from a group of patients with TSH levels of 0.1-0.4 microU/ml, were evaluated. The control group consisted of 11 healthy subjects ...
Thomas Dierk - - 2004
Ventricular arrhythmias are often precipitated by physical or emotional stress, in particular in patients with ischemic heart disease or hereditary long QT syndrome. Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in response to exercise or emotional stress causes activation of cardiac alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors. The rapid component of the delayed rectifier ...
Callaerts-Vegh Zsuzsanna - - 2004
The clinical effects of treatment with beta-adrenoceptor (beta-AR) agonists and antagonists in heart failure vary with duration of therapy, as do the effects of beta-AR agonists in asthma. Therefore, we hypothesized that chronic effects of "beta-blockers" in asthma may differ from those observed acutely. We tested this hypothesis in an ...
Monnet Xavier - - 2004
AIMS: The respective contributions of reduction in heart rate and inotropism in the beneficial effects of beta-blockade in ischaemic heart disease remains debated. The effects of selective heart rate reduction by ivabradine (If inhibitor) were compared to those of atenolol on exercise-induced ischaemia and stunning. METHODS AND RESULTS: In seven ...
Zong Pu - - 2004
In exercising dogs, increased myocardial O2 consumption (MVO2) of the left ventricle is met primarily by hyperemia, whereas increased O2 extraction makes a greater contribution to right ventricular (RV) O2 supply. We hypothesized that alpha-adrenergic vasoconstrictor tone limits right coronary (RC) blood flow during exercise, forcing increased O2 extraction. This ...
Stoschitzky Kurt - - 2004
In-vitro studies have shown that beta-blockers are taken up into and released from adrenergic cells together with epinephrine and norepinephrine. Consequently, studies in humans revealed an increase in plasma concentrations of propranolol and atenolol, whereas those of carvedilol were not affected by physical exercise. However, nebivolol and bisoprolol never were ...
Kühn Andrea A - - 2004
Although the basal ganglia play an important role in self-generated movement, their involvement in externally paced voluntary movement is less clear. We recorded local field potentials (LFPs) from the region of the subthalamic nuclei of eight patients with Parkinson's disease during the performance of a warned reaction time task in ...
Laesser M - - 2004
Blockade of the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor has been demonstrated to ameliorate splanchnic hypoperfusion in acute experimental circulatory failure. This study focused on hemodynamic changes and survival in pigs treated with AT1 blockade prior to or during acute endotoxinemia. Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide endotoxin was infused in anesthetized and ...
Kuroedov Alexey - - 2004
Nebivolol is a racemic mixture of d- and l-enantiomers. The drug is characterized by beta(1)-adrenoceptor selectivity and long-acting beta-blockade exerted predominantly by d-enantiomer. Nebivolol is devoid of intrinsic sympathomimetic activity and has no relevant membrane stabilizing action. Antiproliferative properties of nebivolol were demonstrated in endothelial and smooth muscle cell cultures. ...
Lenz Thomas L - - 2004
Certain physiological changes caused by aerobic exercise can alter the pharmacokinetics of some drugs. A systematic review of the pharmacokinetic changes that can affect drugs as a result of aerobic exercise is provided. Eleven commonly used drugs are reviewed for their potential interaction with exercising patients. Serum concentrations of two ...
Koch H J - - 2004
Metoprolol is a widely used beta1-selective beta-blocker in hypertension and tachycardia. The influence on vital signs at rest and during ergometry (exercise heart rate or blood pressure, effect areas above baseline) was investigated in a pilot study with 18 healthy volunteers (mean age 29.1 years) by means of multiple and ...
Köseoglu E - - 2003
This study aims to evaluate the effects of plasma beta endorphin level and exercise on migrainous headache. Forty patients with migrainous headache without aura (MWOA), firstly exercised on a treadmill and afterwards were asked to continue an aerobic home exercise program for six weeks. On evaluation, basal plasma beta endorphin ...
Yingxin Peng - - 2003
Changes in the density of myocardium and blood lymphocyte beta-adrenoceptors (beta-AR) in left ventricular (LV) geometry have been found in patients with essential hypertension (EH). However, it is not known whether intrinsic beta-AR subtype function changes during left ventricular remodeling of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to further ...
Vilaine Jean-Paul - - 2003
The effects of ivabradine, a novel heart rate-reducing agent that inhibits the cardiac pacemaker current If, were compared with those of the beta-adrenergic blocker propranolol, in a model of exercise-induced regional myocardial ischemia in pigs. Five Yucatan micropigs were chronically instrumented to measure hemodynamics, regional myocardial contractility, and local electrograms, ...
Bolger Aidan P - - 2003
Beta-blockers, as determined by four landmark placebo-controlled studies, impart a significant survival advantage to the chronic heart failure population. What ancillary benefits might be expected from beta-blockade, in terms of symptom relief and improvement in exercise capacity, is less clear. This situation in part reflects the heterogeneity of tools used ...
Davis J M - - 2004
Both moderate exercise and the soluble oat fiber beta-glucan can increase immune function and decrease risk of infection, but no information exists on their possible combined effects. This study tested the effects of moderate exercise and oat beta-glucan on respiratory infection, macrophage antiviral resistance, and natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity. ...
Liu Jie - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to determine whether the Gly389 polymorphism of the beta(1)-adrenergic receptor exhibits reduced responsiveness in vivo and to test the hypothesis that the Gly389Arg polymorphism affects the blood pressure and heart rate response to metoprolol. METHODS: beta(1)-Adrenergic receptor genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length ...
Witte K K A - - 2003
To assess the influence of acute alpha and beta blockade on ventilation and symptoms of breathlessness during exercise in patients with chronic heart failure and in controls. 11 patients with chronic heart failure and 11 control subjects underwent repeated exercise testing with metabolic gas exchange after random, double blind administration ...
Kaltman J R - - 2003
It has been proposed that beta-adrenergic antagonist protection against cardiac events in patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS) may be related to a decrease in baseline QTc dispersion. To determine the effects of beta-blocker therapy on QT measurements, we evaluated the exercise tests of 25 pediatric patients with LQTS. Measurements ...
Gómez-Tortosa Estrella - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Most patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) exhibit diffuse plaque-only pathology with rare neocortical neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), as opposed to the widespread cortical neurofibrillary-tau involvement in Alzheimer disease (AD). Another pathological difference is the astrocytic and microglial inflammatory responses, including release of interleukins (ILs), around the neuritic plaques ...
Taniguchi Yasuyo - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The effects of beta-blocking agents on exercise tolerance in cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) have not been fully identified. Because the negative chronotropic effects of these agents produce a sluggish increase in heart rate (HR) during CPX, exercise capacity is actually underestimated by methods that depend on HR-related ...
Maack Christoph - - 2003
Beta blockers have been shown to prolong survival in chronic heart failure. It is currently a matter of debate whether any beta blocker is superior to the other in terms of improving symptoms, left ventricular function, or prognosis. A number of comparative studies have been performed with metoprolol, a beta1-selective ...
Wonisch Manfred - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Exercise is recommended for cardiac patients irrespective of beta-blockers. Percentages of maximal heart rate (%HRmax) and heart rate reserve (%HRR) are widely used to determine training intensities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of chronic cardioselective beta blockade on the %HRmax and %HRR model. METHODS: ...
Kraemer William J - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that a proopiomelanocortin peptide beta-endorphin may play an important role in temperature regulation and therefore have specific heat stroke response patterns. METHODS: The purpose of this study was to examine the response patterns of plasma beta-endorphin at baseline, during a 7-d exercise-heat acclimation period (HA; ...
Lamont Linda S - - 2003
Exercising men, compared with women, have a greater increase in leucine oxidation but not lysine rate of appearance. The cause for this sexual dimorphism is unknown; however, an inhibition of beta-adrenoreceptor activity has previously been shown to mediate amino acid metabolism (Lamont LS, McCullough AJ, and Kalhan SC. Am J ...
Skarmoutsou Christophille - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ferrokinetic studies and erythroid cell ultrastructural studies have indicated some degree of ineffective erythropoiesis in heterozygous beta-thalassemia, although a wide case-to-case variation was observed. In this study we applied rapid biochemical and hematologic measurements to assess erythroid marrow activity (sTfR) and reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr) in iron-sufficient ...
Brownley Kimberly A - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study examines the acute effects of moderate aerobic exercise on 1) hemodynamic and sympathetic activity during behavioral stress and 2) beta-adrenergic receptor responsivity in a biracial sample of 24 sedentary adults. METHODS: Before and after exercise, blood pressure (BP), impedance-derived cardiovascular measures, and plasma norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine ...
Munagala Vijaya K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Treadmill stress testing (TMST) is a valuable diagnostic test for ischemic heart disease. However, the inability to achieve the target heart rate because of either chronotropic incompetence or poor exercise capacity is a major limitation to its utility. We evaluated the usefulness of atropine in decreasing the number of ...
Yao Siu-Sun - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DASE) is an established test for the diagnosis and risk stratification of patients with coronary artery disease. Atropine use to attain target heart rate prolongs test time. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to assess the utility of isometric handgrip exercise (33% maximal voluntary contraction ...
Convertino Victor A - - 2003
We studied hemodynamic responses to alpha- and beta-receptor agonists in eight men to test the hypothesis that adrenoreceptor responsiveness is altered within 24 h of the performance of maximal exercise. Adrenoreceptor responsiveness was tested under two experimental conditions (with and without maximal exercise). Adrenoreceptor tests were performed 24 h after ...
Bailey Damian M - - 2003
There is no direct evidence to support the contention that contracting skeletal muscle and/or associated vasculature generates free radicals in exercising humans. The unique combination of isolated quadriceps exercise and the measurement of femoral arterial and venous free radical concentrations with the use of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy enabled ...
Calabrò Luana - - 2003
Angiogenesis contributes to disease progression in solid and hematopoietic malignancies, and endoglin (CD105), a component of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta receptor complex, is a powerful marker of neovascularization. Elevated amounts of soluble CD105 (sCD105) have been recently identified in selected solid tumors but no data are available on sCD105 ...
Herman Rahmatina B - - 2003
Evidence of long-term beneficial effects of beta-blockers on mortality and morbidity in patients with heart failure has been demonstrated in recent randomized trials. However, not all beta-blockers are identical. Carvedilol, a nonselective beta- and alpha-adrenergic blocker, can potentially blunt the release of noradrenaline by blocking presynaptic beta2-adrenergic receptors. To test ...
Faulhaber Martin - - 2003
Frequency of therapeutic beta-blocker use in elderly mountaineers is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this field study was to measure the regular beta-blocker intake in elderly persons visiting moderate altitudes. In a subset of mountaineers on beta-blockers, exercise response at two different altitude levels was compared to matched controls. The ...
Huang Chin-Wei - - 2003
BACKGROUND: For clinical treatment, a smaller dosage of propranolol is often used among Chinese people. Propranolol is metabolized by polymorphic CYP2D6. We postulate that the lower propranolol dosage in Chinese is due to a slower CYP2D6 metabolism. A majority of the Chinese population has the nucleotide T188 in the CYP2D6 ...
Spooner C H - - 2003
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (or asthma) following strenuous physical exertion is common and can cause sub-optimal performance, symptoms such as cough, dyspnea, wheeze, chest tightness, and can lead people to avoid physical activity. Management focuses on prevention with pre-exercise treatment using various pharmacologic agents. Mast cell stabilizing agents are effective in attenuating ...
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