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Bazin D - - 2008
The beta-decay properties of the N=Z nuclei 96Cd, 98In, and 100Sn have been studied. These nuclei were produced at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory by fragmenting a 120 MeV/nucleon 112Sn primary beam on a Be target. The resulting radioactive beam was filtered in the A1900 and the newly commissioned Radio ...
Oliveira Janine Leite Moura - - 2008
Aim  This review aims to search and evaluate evidence related to benefits and risks of resistance exercises for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), post myocardial infarction (MI) and its surgical treatment or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Method  An integrative literature review was carried out. The guiding question of ...
Seo Sung-Chul - - 2009
Release of submicrometer-sized fungal fragments (<1.0 microm) was discovered in earlier studies, which investigated the aerosolization of spores from moldy surfaces. However, the contribution of fungal fragments to total mold exposure is poorly characterized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the size-fractionated concentrations of particulate (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan and numbers ...
Mahesh Kumar Koratagere Nagaraju - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Beta-blockers show interindividual and interethnic variability in their response. Such variability might be due to the polymorphic variations in the beta1 adrenergic receptor genes viz, Ser49Gly and Arg389Gly. The study evaluated the influence of Ser49Gly and Arg389Gly polymorphisms on the cardiovascular responses to metoprolol in a South ...
Kurnik Daniel - - 2008
Black patients may be less responsive to beta-blockers than whites. Genetic variants in the beta1-adrenergic receptor (beta1-AR) associated with lesser response to beta-blockers are more common in blacks than in whites. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ethnic differences in response to beta-blockade can be explained by ...
Kabitz Hans-Joachim - - 2008
Based on the "post-exercise diaphragm shielding" hypothesis this study tested whether both diaphragmatic force-generation (DFG) and diaphragmatic fatigue (DF) remain unchanged during consecutive exercise-trials. Twelve subjects (V(O2 max) 58.4+/-6.6 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) performed three consecutive exercise-trials (T(alpha)/T(beta)/T(gamma); workload(max) 85% V(O2 max)) each followed by recovery (6 min). Twitch transdiaphragmatic pressure ...
Penson Peter E - - 2008
The effects of ischaemia and reoxygenation on cardiac contractile function can be abrogated by ischaemic preconditioning (IPC). We tested whether beta-adrenoceptor agonists could mimic IPC and whether IPC was dependent on beta-adrenoceptor activation in rat-isolated cardiac tissues. Paced left atria and right ventricular strips were set-up in Krebs solution and ...
Moro Cedric - - 2008
Involvement of sympathetic nervous system and natriuretic peptides in the control of exercise-induced lipid mobilization was compared in overweight and lean men. Lipid mobilization was determined using local microdialysis during exercise. Subjects performed 35-min exercise bouts at 60% of their maximal oxygen consumption under placebo or after oral tertatolol [a ...
Serra Andrey J - - 2008
Sustained beta-adrenoreceptor activation promotes cardiac hypertrophy and cellular injury. To evaluate the cardioprotective effect of exercise on damage induced by beta-adrenergic hyperactivity. Male Wistar rats were randomised into four groups (n=8 per group): sedentary non-treated control (C), sedentary treated with isoproterenol 0.3 mg/kg/day administered subcutaneously for 8 days (I), exercised ...
Giallauria Francesco - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common female reproductive-age endocrine disease predominantly characterized by chronic anovulation, hyperandrogenism, insulin-resistance and low-grade inflammatory status. Exercise training (ET) favourably modulates cardiopulmonary function and insulin-sensitivity markers in PCOS women. The present study investigated the effects of ET on autonomic function and inflammatory pattern ...
Stones Rachel - - 2008
Regular exercise is beneficial to cardiovascular health. We tested whether mild voluntary exercise training modifies key myocardial parameters [ventricular mass, intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) handling and the response to beta-adrenoceptor (beta-AR) stimulation] in a manner distinct from that reported for beneficial, intensive training and pathological hypertrophic stimuli. Female rats performed voluntary ...
Eynon Nir - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of long-term beta-blocker treatment on the balance between oxygen delivery and extraction at peak oxygen uptake (VO2) and at target heart rate training (anaerobic threshold). METHODS: Fifteen patients with coronary artery disease performed paired peak cardiopulmonary and submaximal exercise tests on a cycle ergometer with ...
Sánchez Ana M - - 2008
The aim of this work was the development of multivariate models able to determine the content of the main crocetin esters and picrocrocin from spectrophotometric data that could be used for routine quality control of saffron. These compounds were determined with HPLC in Spanish saffron, and their absorbance spectra from ...
Larsen Thomas Seifert - - 2008
Intense exercise decreases the cerebral metabolic ratio of oxygen to carbohydrates [O(2)/(glucose + (1/2)lactate)], but whether this ratio is influenced by adrenergic stimulation is not known. In eight males, incremental cycle ergometry increased arterial lactate to 15.3 +/- 4.2 mm (mean +/- s.d.) and the arterial-jugular venous (a-v) difference from ...
Vittorio Timothy J - - 2008
Dosing equivalency of carvedilol and metoprolol remains a debate. Degree of beta 1-blockade is best assessed by blunting of the exercise-induced heart rate. Accordingly, the authors have investigated dosing equivalency by examining baseline and peak exercise heart rates and norepinephrine levels in subjects with chronic heart failure treated with carvedilol ...
Green H J - - 2008
The early plasticity of vastus lateralis Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase to the abrupt onset of prolonged submaximal cycling was studied in 12 untrained participants (Vo(2 peak) 44.8 +/- 2.0 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1), mean +/- SE) using a 6-day protocol (3 days of exercise plus 3 days of recovery). Tissue samples were ...
Brito-Martins M - - 2008
Characterization of human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hESC-CM) in relation to adult myocytes is essential for their future use in transplantation or as a model system. The beta-adrenoceptor pathways, which are known to be effective early in hESC-CM development, are of major importance because of their control of rate and ...
Kendrick Iain P - - 2008
Carnosine (Carn) occurs in high concentrations in skeletal muscle is a potent physico-chemical buffer of H+ over the physiological range. Recent research has demonstrated that 6.4 g x day(-1) of beta-alanine (beta-ala) can significantly increase skeletal muscle Carn concentrations (M-[Carn]) whilst the resultant change in buffering capacity has been shown ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2008
Abnormal atrial depolarization, characterized by P waves >or=110 ms on the electrocardiogram, can manifest as partial or advanced interatrial conduction delay or interatrial block (IAB). Progression from partial to advanced IAB has been shown to be altered by the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta-adrenergic blockers. We previously reported ...
Pshenichnov Igor - - 2007
We study the spatial distributions of beta(+)-activity produced by therapeutic beams of (3)He and (12)C ions in various tissue-like materials. The calculations were performed within a Monte Carlo model for heavy-ion therapy (MCHIT) based on the GEANT4 toolkit. The contributions from positron-emitting nuclei with T(1/2) > 10 s, namely (10,11)C, ...
Sundaram Sri - - 2008
This study was designed to assess autonomic effects on the QT interval during recovery from exercise. Exercise is associated with an acute increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Evidence of impaired parasympathetic activity, such as low heart rate variability and heart rate recovery, and an increased QT interval are also ...
Delehaye Emilio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Deferoxamine therapy in lifelong transfusion-dependent anaemias, as beta-thalassemia major, is associated with an increased risk of ototoxic changes. With increasing survival rates, prevention and/or early detection of ototoxicity are important for providing management options. The predictive value of pure-tone audiometry in early detection of ototoxicity has been questioned, particularly ...
Phillips M D - - 2008
To examine the influence of acute resistive exercise and "hormone status" on cytokine profile, 35 postmenopausal women (72 +/- 6.2 yr) underwent a moderate-high-intensity resistive exercise bout or rested. There were 4 groups: no hormone replacement (NHR, n = 9), hormone replacement (HRT, n = 12), selective estrogen receptor modulator ...
Moraes Helena - - 2007
Exercise has been widely related to changes in cortical activation and enhanced brain functioning. Quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) is frequently used to investigate normal and pathological conditions in the brain cortex. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to observe absolute power alterations in beta and alpha frequency bands after ...
Mink Steven N - - 2007
We previously showed that lysozyme (Lzm-S), derived from leukocytes, caused myocardial depression in canine sepsis by binding to the endocardial endothelium to release nitric oxide (NO). NO then diffuses to adjacent myocytes to activate the cGMP pathway. In a canine right ventricular trabecular (RVT) preparation, Lzm-S also decreased the inotropic ...
Holycross Bethany J - - 2007
Previous studies demonstrated an enhanced beta(2)-adrenoceptor (AR) responsiveness in animals susceptible to ventricular fibrillation (VF) that was eliminated by exercise training. The present study investigated the effects of endurance exercise training on beta(1)-AR and beta(2)-AR expression in dogs susceptible to VF. Myocardial ischemia was induced by a 2-min occlusion of ...
Dufour Doiron Monique - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a beta-blocker (atenolol and metoprolol) on exercise heart rate (HR) and rate pressure product (RPP) during a morning and afternoon maximal exercise test (maxET) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Twenty-one CHD patients (59.9 +/- 8.9 years of ...
Stob Nicole R - - 2007
Habitually exercising adults demonstrate greater thermogenic responsiveness to beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) stimulation compared with their sedentary peers, but the molecular mechanisms involved are unknown. To determine the possible role of increased beta-AR density, we studied 32 healthy adults: 17 habitual aerobic exercisers (age 45 +/- 5 years, 11 males) and ...
Leosco Dario - - 2007
Cardiac beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) signaling and left ventricular (LV) responses to beta-AR stimulation are impaired with aging. It is shown that exercise and beta-AR blockade have a favorable effect on cardiac and vascular beta-AR signaling in several cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we examined the effects of these two ...
Rosso Rafael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The mainstay of therapy for catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is maximal doses of beta-blockers. However, although beta-blockers prevent exercise-induced ventricular tachycardia (VT), most patients continue to have ventricular ectopy during exercise, and some studies report high mortality rates despite beta-blockade. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to ...
Bender Tamás - - 2007
Beta-endorphin (betaE) is an important reliever of pain. Various stressors and certain modalities of physiotherapy are potent inducers of the release of endogenous betaE to the blood stream. Most forms of exercise also increase blood betaE level, especially when exercise intensity involves reaching the anaerobic threshold and is associated with ...
Dobbins C - - 2007
Purpose Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a popular method of treating unresectable liver tumours by the use of a high-frequency, alternating electrical current that heats and destroys tumour cells. The size of the ablation produced is limited by localised charring of adjacent tissue that prevents further conduction of the radiofrequency current. ...
Stob Nicole R - - 2007
The thermic effect of food (TEF) is an important physiological determinant of total daily energy expenditure (EE) and energy balance. TEF is believed to be mediated in part by sympathetic nervous system activation and consequent beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) stimulation of metabolism. TEF is greater in habitually exercising than in sedentary ...
Böning Dieter - - 2007
Defense of extracellular pH constancy against lactic acidosis can be estimated from changes (Delta) in lactic acid ([La]), [HCO(3)(-)], pH and PCO(2) in blood plasma because it is equilibrated with the interstitial fluid. These quantities were measured in earlobe blood during and after incremental bicycle exercise in 13 untrained (UT) ...
Viru A A Institute of Exercise Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, - - 2007
This study evaluated the influence of adrenergic factors on the cortisol response to maximal exercise in endurance-trained men. This was achieved by testing healthy young men during exercise while varying both the condition of beta-adrenergic blockage and the presence of a well-controlled simulated competitive environment to simulate activity of the ...
Shibakusa Tetsuro - - 2007
We have recently reported that inhibition of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in the brain reduced fat-related energy substrates concentrations in response to exercise. We investigated the relevance between the mobilization of fat-related energy substrates (nonesterified fatty acid and ketone bodies) during exercise and the effects of TGF-beta in the brain. ...
Dong Zeyuan - - 2007
It has long been known that tellurium compounds are rather toxic to living organisms, and tellurium has not been found in natural biomacromolecules to date. The principles of telluride toxicity in biological processes are still controversial partly because of the lack of information on the biochemical features of tellurium. In ...
Nieminen T - - 2007
Timolol maleate is a non-selective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist currently used mainly as an ocular preparation for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Despite the topical administration, ophthalmic timolol causes systemic adrenergic beta-blocking because of absorption from the eye into the systemic circulation. Gel formulations of ophthalmic timolol have been developed ...
Kitamura Hiromi - - 2007
Stressful exercise has been found to reduce the proinflammatory cytokine response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In this study, we aimed to determine whether receptor antagonists for corticosterone or catecholamines would increase the LPS-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) response after exhaustive exercise. Female F344 rats were randomly assigned to one of five ...
Lucats L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postsystolic wall thickening (PSWT) is part of thickening that occurs after end-systole and represents wasted effort as it does not contribute to ejection. The effects of antianginal drugs on PSWT remain to be established. We compared the effects on PSWT of two agents that reduce heart rate, ...
An Lawrence C - - 2006
High rates of Internet use among young adults make online intervention with this population particularly attractive. However, low adherence rates limit the exposure to and the potential effectiveness of these programs. This study identifies strategies for increasing adherence by examining the rates of participation for a 5-week beta (pilot) version ...
Stout J R - - 2007
This study examined the effects of 28 days of beta-alanine supplementation on the physical working capacity at fatigue threshold (PWCFT), ventilatory threshold (VT), maximal oxygen consumption (VO2-MAX), and time-to-exhaustion (TTE) in women. Twenty-two women (age+/-SD 27.4+/-6.1 yrs) participated and were randomly assigned to either the beta-alanine (CarnoSyn) or Placebo (PL) ...
Crabbe James B - - 2007
We examined the effects of 30 min of cycling exercise at a moderate intensity of 50% peak oxygen uptake, compared to 30 min of rest, on changes in emotional responses to pictorial foreground stimuli that reliably elicit unpleasant, neutral, and pleasant affect. Emotional responses were measured by self-reports of valence ...
Bishop David - - 2007
The regulation of intracellular pH during intense muscle contractions occurs via a number of different transport systems [e.g., monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs)] and via intracellular buffering (beta m(in vitro)). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an acute bout of high-intensity exercise on both MCT relative abundance ...
Rossini P M - - 2006
Objective. Can quantitative electroencephalography (EEG) predict the conversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD)? Methods. Sixty-nine subjects fulfilling criteria for MCI were enrolled; cortical connectivity (spectral coherence) and (low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography) sources of EEG rhythms (delta=2-4 Hz; theta=4-8 Hz; alpha 1=8-10.5 Hz; alpha 2=10.5-13 Hz: ...
Haney Sarah - - 2006
Until recently, researchers believed that tolerance or tachyphylaxis to the bronchodilator effects of beta-agonists did not occur. However, recent studies examining the recovery from bronchoconstriction have clearly shown that an impaired response to beta-agonists occurs in patients who have been using regular beta-agonist treatment. This tolerance develops with both long- ...
Zoeller R F - - 2007
The effect of beta-alanine (beta-Ala) alone or in combination with creatine monohydrate (Cr) on aerobic exercise performance is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 4 weeks of beta-Ala and Cr supplementation on indices of endurance performance. Fifty-five men (24.5 +/- 5.3 yrs) participated in ...
Rimoldi Ornella E OE MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London, W12 0NN, - - 2007
Positron emission tomography (PET) studies in patients with diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) have demonstrated the impact of this disease on cardiac sympathetic innervation and myocardial blood flow (MBF). To investigate the effects of selective partial sympathetic denervation of the left ventricle (LV) on baseline and hyperaemic MBF, we measured myocardial ...
Tenero David M - - 2006
To determine whether the controlled-release (CR) formulation of carvedilol given once daily provides 24-hour beta1-receptor blockade similar to the currently marketed immediate-release (IR) formulation given twice daily, changes in exercise-induced heart rate after bicycle ergometry were measured. The pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) relation between S(-)-carvedilol concentration-the enantiomer with beta-blocking activity-and change ...
Hara Hideyuki - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Ventricular repolarization abnormalities are thought to contribute to lethal ventricular arrhythmias in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate exercise-induced T wave changes in DCM patients before and after beta-blocker therapy to investigate repolarization abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: Treadmill exercise testing was ...
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