Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1197
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Han Byung In - - 2011
Vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) is an exercise-based treatment program designed to promote vestibular adaptation and substitution. The goals of VRT are 1) to enhance gaze stability, 2) to enhance postural stability, 3) to improve vertigo, and 4) to improve activities of daily living. VRT facilitates vestibular recovery mechanisms: vestibular adaptation, ...
Maddocks Matthew M School Molecular Medical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. - - 2011
Therapeutic exercise may help maintain or slow down the rate of decline in muscle mass and physical function that occurs with cachexia. This review considers recent evidence in relation to patients with cachexia as regards the rationale for the use of exercise, the challenges in its clinical application and future ...
Gualano Bruno - - 2011
There is an extensive and still growing body of the literature supporting the efficacy of creatine (Cr) supplementation. In sports, creatine has been recognized as the most effective nutritional supplement in enhancing exercise tolerance, muscle strength and lean body mass. From a clinical perspective, the application of Cr supplementation is ...
Wright Alexis A - - 2011
Previous researchers have reported on the use of augmented home exercise programs with potential carry-over effects from manual therapy treatment. While there is no direct evidence to support augmented manual therapy, tangential evidence demonstrates that specific, supervised, and adherent exercises result in improved outcomes. The purpose of this case report ...
van der Plas A - - 2012
Eccentric exercises have the most evidence in conservative treatment of midportion Achilles tendinopathy. Although short-term studies show significant improvement, little is known of the long-term (>3 years) results. To evaluate the 5-year outcome of patients with chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy treated with the classical Alfredson's heel-drop exercise programme. Part of ...
Mudge Alison M - - 2011
The Exercise Joins Education: Combined Therapy to Improve Outcomes in Newly-discharged Heart Failure (EJECTION-HF) study will evaluate the impact of a supervised exercise training programme (ETP) on clinical outcomes in recently hospitalized heart failure patients attending a disease management programme (DMP). Methods This multisite, pragmatic randomized controlled trial enrols patients ...
Shahzad Khurram - - 2011
With its increasing prevalence throughout the world, heart failure continues to be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Patients with heart failure develop progressive metabolic abnormalities, inflammation, and atrophy in the myocardium and skeletal muscle. Improvement in functional capacity as defined by exercise tolerance is essential for better quality of ...
Paolillo Stefania - - 2011
Patients affected by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) show a reduced exercise tolerance with early occurrence of dyspnoea and fatigue. The origin of functional capacity limitation is multifactorial and several mechanisms have been proposed, including right heart failure, which leads to a limited increase in cardiac output during exercise, and hyperventilation ...
Baumann Freerk T - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction, fatigue as well as fears and depression rank among the most common complaints in patients with prostate cancer, resulting in a reduced participation in daily life and social isolation. Consequently, the quality of life of prostate cancer patients is strongly affected in a negative way. ...
Wise Frances M - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in developed nations, and there is a clear link with physical inactivity. The benefits of resistance training in patients with coronary heart disease are well documented and can contribute to secondary prevention of heart disease with corresponding improvements in patient survival. This ...
Neves Paulo C - - 2011
Bronchiectasis is characterized by irreversible widening of the medium-sized airways, with inflammation, chronic bacterial infection and destruction of the bronchial walls. Exercise or inspiratory muscle training may improve quality of life and exercise endurance in people with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Prolonged-use antibiotics improve clinical response rates, but may not reduce ...
Polkey Michael I - - 2011
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) a pathophysiological cycle occurs such that locomotor muscle weakness and fatiguabilty exist, which in turn limit exercise performance both because of leg discomfort and also because anaerobic metabolism leads to lactic acid production. Since the lactic acid is buffered by bicarbonate there is consequent ...
Frounfelter Gregory G - - 2011
The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate the treatment of patella-femoral knee pain in an adolescent female athlete with emphasis on neuromuscular training of the knee and hip in synergy movement strategies. A 1.67-m, 61.5-kg, 15-year-old woman athlete reported to rehabilitation with the complaint of a 1-year history ...
Angelini C - - 2011
LGMD2B is a frequent proximo-distal myopathy with rapid evolution after age 20. Exacerbating factors may be physical exercise and inflammation. There is very little information about the effect of sportive activity in LGMD2B, since eccentric exercise frequently results in muscle damage. LGMD2B has often an onset with myalgia and MRI ...
Busch Angela J - - 2011
Fibromyalgia syndrome, a chronic condition typically characterized by widespread pain, nonrestorative sleep, fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, and other somatic symptoms, negatively impacts physical and emotional function and reduces quality of life. Exercise is commonly recommended in the management of people with fibromyalgia, and interest in examining exercise benefits for those with ...
Nybacka Åsa - - 2011
To compare the influence of dietary management and/or physical exercise on ovarian function and metabolic variables in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Randomized 4-month trial with three interventions and a long-term follow-up. Women's health clinical research unit at a university hospital. Fifty-seven overweight/obese women with PCOS. Dietary management, physical ...
Esser Stephan - - 2011
Exercise is one of the most discussed and controversial nonpharmacologic management strategies for osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Health care providers and patients share varied and often pseudoscientific beliefs regarding the effects of exercise on knee OA formulated on outdated notions of the etiology, pathophysiology, and progression of the condition. ...
Barron Anthony J AJ International Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London and Imperial College NHS Trust, UK. - - 2012
Secundum atrial septal defects (ASD) are the commonest congenital cardiac abnormality. They are often identified incidentally, or in conjunction with an acquired cardiac abnormality. Untreated they may lead to significant morbidity and mortality, with consequences including right ventricular overload and right heart failure, pulmonary arterial hypertension, shunt reversal and cyanosis, ...
Cousin A - - 2011
Rehabilitation care and physical exercise are known to constitute an effective treatment for chronic peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) at the intermittent claudication (IC) stage. Improvements in functional capacities and quality of life have been reported in the literature. We decided to assess the effects of hospital-based exercise training on ...
Szymanski Catherine C Cardiac Ultrasound Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2011
There is uncertainty and debate regarding whether ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) is a secondary epiphenomenon resulting from left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or confers an independent effect on exercise capacity and outcomes. We tested whether ischemic MR negatively affects exercise capacity and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery ...
Gayda M - - 2011
AIM: The impact of both fasting and postprandial glycaemia on heart rate recovery (HRR) has not been studied in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). For this reason, we sought to determine the relationships between HRR and both fasting and postprandial glycaemia. METHODS: A total of 4079 patients with baseline ...
Filbay Stephanie R - - 2011
The efficacy of physiotherapy techniques used for patients following uncomplicated coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is well documented. Previous research showed that some of this evidence was not rapidly adopted into practice by cardiothoracic physiotherapists; however, there has been no recent evaluation of the uptake of evidence. Our aim was ...
Dickman Kathleen - - 2012
Purpose: This project examined recently implemented shared medical appointments (SMAs) at a free clinic for patients with diabetes and/or hypertension. Changes in patients' self-managing behaviors, specifically exercise and goal-setting activity, were explored after participating in SMAs for 4 months. Data sources: The study employed a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. Participants completed ...
Gordon Jennifer L - - 2011
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Dysfunctional autonomic control of the CV system may represent a mechanism explaining this relationship. Poor CV recovery after exercise, indicative of dysfunctional autonomic control of the CV system, predicts CV events and death. This is the first study to ...
Esposito Eileen M - - 2011
Esposito EM, Fitzpatrick JJ. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2011; 17: 351-356 Registered nurses' beliefs of the benefits of exercise, their exercise behaviour and their patient teaching regarding exercise Recommendations by experts have been in place for > 10 years encouraging every adult to participate in ≥ 30 min of daily moderate-intensity physical ...
Wehrmeister Fernando César - - 2011
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are aimed at providing benefits to COPD patients, in various aspects. Our objective was to review the literature on COPD patient rehabilitation. This systematic review involved articles written in English, Spanish, or Portuguese; published between 2005 and 2009; and indexed in national and international databases. Articles were ...
Ogalha Cecília - - 2011
Patients with AIDS under antiretroviral therapy often present with metabolic problems associated with HIV infection and its therapy, which can affect their quality of life. The knowledge on the potential benefits of regular physical exercises for HIV-infected patients is limited. : We conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the impact ...
Yahiaoui Anella - - 2011
Advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART) have decreased HIV-related morbidity and mortality and contributed to rapidly increasing numbers of older people living with HIV. Successful management of ART-related side effects (metabolic syndrome) and age-related comorbidities (frailty) are major challenges for patients and providers. Exercise has proven beneficial for younger HIV-infected patients, ...
Kosmadakis George C GC John Walls Renal Unit, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, - - 2012
There is increasing evidence of the benefit of regular physical exercise in a number of long-term conditions including chronic kidney disease (CKD). In CKD, this evidence has mostly come from studies in end stage patients receiving regular dialysis. There is little evidence in pre-dialysis patients with CKD Stages 4 and ...
Ahlskog J Eric - - 2011
Parkinson disease (PD) is progressive, with dementia and medication-refractory motor problems common reasons for late-stage nursing-home placement. Increasing evidence suggests that ongoing vigorous exercise/physical fitness may favorably influence this progression. Parkinsonian animal models reveal exercise-related protection from dopaminergic neurotoxins, apparently mediated by brain neurotrophic factors and neuroplasticity (predicted from in ...
Lemyze Malcolm - - 2011
Maximal exercise capacity and pulmonary gas exchange are both commonly impaired in liver cirrhosis. Apart from rare cases of hepatopulmonary syndrome, it is still unknown whether these moderate pulmonary gas exchange abnormalities can alter aerobic capacity of cirrhotic patients. Resting pulmonary function tests and symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing were prospectively ...
Moser Myriam M C - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:/b> Lyme disease is well documented in the literature; however, specific physical therapy interventions for the pediatric population with residual effects of Lyme disease have not been addressed. The purposes of this retrospective case report are: (1) to present an example therapeutic intervention for a pediatric patient in ...
Shubert Tiffany E - - 2011
Falls are the leading cause of emergency department visits, hospital admissions, and unintentional death for older adults. Balance and strength impairments are common falls risk factors for community-dwelling older adults. Though physical therapists commonly treat balance and strength, standardized falls screening has not been fully incorporated into physical therapy practice ...
Tomioka Michiyo - - 2011
Purpose of the Study: Stanford's Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) has been proven to increase patients' ability to manage distress. We describe how we replicated CDSMP in Asian and Pacific Islander (API) communities.  DESIGN AND METHODS:  We used the "track changes" tool to deconstruct CDSMP into its various components (e.g., recruitment ...
Hallsworth Kate K Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK2NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Ageing and Age-related Disease, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2011
Lifestyle interventions focusing on weight loss remain the cornerstone of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) management. Despite this, the weight losses achieved in research trials are not easily replicated in the clinic and there is an urgent need for therapies independent of weight loss. Aerobic exercise is not well sustained ...
Westerdahl E - - 2011
Various chest physiotherapy techniques are recommended after cardiac surgery around the world. There is limited published data on what breathing exercises actually are recommended to patients after surgery in Europe. The aim of this national survey was to establish the current practice of chest physiotherapy and breathing exercises for adult ...
Keogh Justin W L - - 2011
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer patients, especially those on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), experience many symptoms that make it difficult to maintain their independence and quality of life. Because ADT acts by means of reducing testosterone production, exercise may offset many of the ADT side effects and those of the cancer itself. ...
Hudes Karen - - 2011
This case study chronicled the assessment, treatment and management of two adolescent patients presenting with acute knee pain, diagnosed as medial meniscus tear, with or without a medial collateral ligament sprain, with coronary ligament involvement. Patient 1: A 16 year old male football player presented with right medial knee pain ...
Flachenecker Peter - - 2011
This review gives an overview of the rehabilitation of autoimmune diseases. After general remarks on rehabilitation, the effects of acute and chronic exercises on inflammatory markers are summarized. Most of the available literature deals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and multiple sclerosis (MS), and therefore, rehabilitation of these diseases is described ...
Meyer Caroline - - 2011
The aim of this review was to develop an empirically supported cognitive behavioural model of compulsive exercise within the context of the eating disorders. A systematic review of the correlates and predictors of compulsive exercise among eating disordered patients identified four key correlates. These were subsequently validated by a second ...
Paul Kelly L - - 2011
Patients facing hematologic malignancy and its treatment are highly vulnerable to profound physiologic, functional, and cognitive disability and often experience a significant increase in psychosocial stress. For optimal outcomes, this incredibly vulnerable oncology population will need earlier and more comprehensive involvement of rehabilitation services, including exercise strategies.Exercise interventions for those ...
Duclos Martine - - 2011
In this article, we examine the results from meta-analyses of studies that have focused on the effects of supervised exercise in patients with established type 2 diabetes mellitus. Exercise has been clearly demonstrated to have benefits on blood glucose control (average reduction of glycated hemoglobin, 0.6%) and cardiovascular risk factors. ...
Arena Ross - - 2011
Congest Heart Fail. 2011;17:115-119. (©) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Despite advances in the treatment of heart failure (HF), which have resulted in improved survival, overall prognosis continues to be poor. Given the high short-term mortality rate, it remains important to utilize assessment techniques with established prognostic value in this patient ...
Akodu A K - - 2011
Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is considered the treatment of choice for patients with intractable pain and substantial functional disabilities who have not had acceptable relief and functional improvement after conservative treatment. It was found out that patients with total knee arthroplasty need physiotherapy intervention for pre-operative and post-operative management. ...
Roupas Nikolaos D - - 2011
To highlight the recent developments in the field of menstrual function in sports and to provide an overview of our current understanding in regard to the pathophysiology, evaluation and management strategies of exercise-related reproductive dysfunction. A PUBMED search was carried out and all articles published from 1980 to 2010 with ...
Dalusung-Angosta Alona - - 2011
Purpose: (a) To explore current studies on Tai Chi and its impact on coronary heart disease (CHD), (b) provide critique of existing studies, and (c) provide recommendations for clinical practice and future research. Data sources: Comprehensive review of literature. Conclusions: Tai Chi is a safe alternative exercise for patients who are ...
Corrà Ugo - - 2011
In the present context of an aging population, limited donor heart availability, improved reliability of mechanical cardiac support and improved patient outcomes, ventricular assist device (VAD) options to support end-stage heart failure patients are rapidly expanding. In addition, both the smaller size and lighter weight of the pumps now produced ...
Guirao Aguilar J - - 2011
Respiration exercises are an important part in the pulmonary rehabilitation of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) patients. Furthermore, previous research has demonstrated that showing respiration pattern helps the patients to improve their breathing skills. We have developed a low cost and non-invasive prototype based on the Wii remote game controller ...
Chyu Ming-Chien - - 2011
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition characterized by degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint. With no cure currently available, the goals of treating OA are to alleviate pain, maintain, or improve joint mobility, increase the muscle strength of the joints, and minimize the disabling effects of ...
Connes Philippe - - 2011
Sickle cell anemia (SCA or SS homozygous sickle cell disease) is an inherited blood disorder caused by single nucleotide substitution in the β-globin gene that renders their hemoglobin (HbS) much less soluble than normal hemoglobin (HbA) when deoxygenated. The polymerization of HbS upon deoxygenation is the basic pathophysiologic event leading ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >