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Moser Myriam M C - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:/b> Lyme disease is well documented in the literature; however, specific physical therapy interventions for the pediatric population with residual effects of Lyme disease have not been addressed. The purposes of this retrospective case report are: (1) to present an example therapeutic intervention for a pediatric patient in ...
Shubert Tiffany E - - 2011
Falls are the leading cause of emergency department visits, hospital admissions, and unintentional death for older adults. Balance and strength impairments are common falls risk factors for community-dwelling older adults. Though physical therapists commonly treat balance and strength, standardized falls screening has not been fully incorporated into physical therapy practice ...
Tomioka Michiyo - - 2011
Purpose of the Study: Stanford's Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) has been proven to increase patients' ability to manage distress. We describe how we replicated CDSMP in Asian and Pacific Islander (API) communities.  DESIGN AND METHODS:  We used the "track changes" tool to deconstruct CDSMP into its various components (e.g., recruitment ...
Hallsworth Kate K Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK2NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Ageing and Age-related Disease, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2011
Lifestyle interventions focusing on weight loss remain the cornerstone of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) management. Despite this, the weight losses achieved in research trials are not easily replicated in the clinic and there is an urgent need for therapies independent of weight loss. Aerobic exercise is not well sustained ...
Westerdahl E - - 2011
Various chest physiotherapy techniques are recommended after cardiac surgery around the world. There is limited published data on what breathing exercises actually are recommended to patients after surgery in Europe. The aim of this national survey was to establish the current practice of chest physiotherapy and breathing exercises for adult ...
Keogh Justin W L - - 2011
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer patients, especially those on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), experience many symptoms that make it difficult to maintain their independence and quality of life. Because ADT acts by means of reducing testosterone production, exercise may offset many of the ADT side effects and those of the cancer itself. ...
Hudes Karen - - 2011
This case study chronicled the assessment, treatment and management of two adolescent patients presenting with acute knee pain, diagnosed as medial meniscus tear, with or without a medial collateral ligament sprain, with coronary ligament involvement. Patient 1: A 16 year old male football player presented with right medial knee pain ...
Flachenecker Peter - - 2011
This review gives an overview of the rehabilitation of autoimmune diseases. After general remarks on rehabilitation, the effects of acute and chronic exercises on inflammatory markers are summarized. Most of the available literature deals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and multiple sclerosis (MS), and therefore, rehabilitation of these diseases is described ...
Meyer Caroline - - 2011
The aim of this review was to develop an empirically supported cognitive behavioural model of compulsive exercise within the context of the eating disorders. A systematic review of the correlates and predictors of compulsive exercise among eating disordered patients identified four key correlates. These were subsequently validated by a second ...
Paul Kelly L - - 2011
Patients facing hematologic malignancy and its treatment are highly vulnerable to profound physiologic, functional, and cognitive disability and often experience a significant increase in psychosocial stress. For optimal outcomes, this incredibly vulnerable oncology population will need earlier and more comprehensive involvement of rehabilitation services, including exercise strategies.Exercise interventions for those ...
Duclos Martine - - 2011
In this article, we examine the results from meta-analyses of studies that have focused on the effects of supervised exercise in patients with established type 2 diabetes mellitus. Exercise has been clearly demonstrated to have benefits on blood glucose control (average reduction of glycated hemoglobin, 0.6%) and cardiovascular risk factors. ...
Arena Ross - - 2011
Congest Heart Fail. 2011;17:115-119. (©) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Despite advances in the treatment of heart failure (HF), which have resulted in improved survival, overall prognosis continues to be poor. Given the high short-term mortality rate, it remains important to utilize assessment techniques with established prognostic value in this patient ...
Akodu A K - - 2011
Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is considered the treatment of choice for patients with intractable pain and substantial functional disabilities who have not had acceptable relief and functional improvement after conservative treatment. It was found out that patients with total knee arthroplasty need physiotherapy intervention for pre-operative and post-operative management. ...
Roupas Nikolaos D - - 2011
To highlight the recent developments in the field of menstrual function in sports and to provide an overview of our current understanding in regard to the pathophysiology, evaluation and management strategies of exercise-related reproductive dysfunction. A PUBMED search was carried out and all articles published from 1980 to 2010 with ...
Dalusung-Angosta Alona - - 2011
Purpose: (a) To explore current studies on Tai Chi and its impact on coronary heart disease (CHD), (b) provide critique of existing studies, and (c) provide recommendations for clinical practice and future research. Data sources: Comprehensive review of literature. Conclusions: Tai Chi is a safe alternative exercise for patients who are ...
Corrà Ugo - - 2011
In the present context of an aging population, limited donor heart availability, improved reliability of mechanical cardiac support and improved patient outcomes, ventricular assist device (VAD) options to support end-stage heart failure patients are rapidly expanding. In addition, both the smaller size and lighter weight of the pumps now produced ...
Guirao Aguilar J - - 2011
Respiration exercises are an important part in the pulmonary rehabilitation of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) patients. Furthermore, previous research has demonstrated that showing respiration pattern helps the patients to improve their breathing skills. We have developed a low cost and non-invasive prototype based on the Wii remote game controller ...
Chyu Ming-Chien - - 2011
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition characterized by degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint. With no cure currently available, the goals of treating OA are to alleviate pain, maintain, or improve joint mobility, increase the muscle strength of the joints, and minimize the disabling effects of ...
Connes Philippe - - 2011
Sickle cell anemia (SCA or SS homozygous sickle cell disease) is an inherited blood disorder caused by single nucleotide substitution in the β-globin gene that renders their hemoglobin (HbS) much less soluble than normal hemoglobin (HbA) when deoxygenated. The polymerization of HbS upon deoxygenation is the basic pathophysiologic event leading ...
Liu Yongge - - 2011
Intermittent claudication (IC) is one of the most frequent forms of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and is most commonly caused by arterial atherosclerosis. Its clinical manifestation includes fatigue, discomfort, or pain occurring in limb muscles due to exercise-induced ischemia, thus limiting the ability of IC patients to walk ...
Mugii Naoki - - 2011
Pulmonary rehabilitation is effective for improving exercise capacity in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD), and most programs last about 8 weeks. A 43-year-old male patient with systemic sclerosis and oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) declining because of severe ILD was hospitalized for treatment of chronic skin ulcers. During admission, he completed ...
Stoloff Stuart W - - 2011
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) can represent a substantial barrier to physical activity. We present the cases of two patients with EIB, one with asthma, and one without asthma, who were evaluated at our primary care practice. The first case was a 44-year-old man with a history of seasonal allergic rhinitis but ...
Galvão Daniel A - - 2011
The presence of bone metastases has excluded participation of prostate cancer patients in exercise intervention studies to date and is also a relative contraindication to supervised exercise in the community setting because of concerns of fragility fracture. However, this group of patients often have developed significant muscle atrophy and functional ...
Kent Brian D - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death and disability internationally. Alveolar hypoxia and consequent hypoxemia increase in prevalence as disease severity increases. Ventilation/perfusion mismatch resulting from progressive airflow limitation and emphysema is the key driver of this hypoxia, which may be exacerbated by sleep and exercise. ...
Zunker Christie C Clinical Neuroscience, Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota, USA. - - 2011
To identify exercise interventions in the empirical literature to help inform clinical decision making in the treatment of underweight individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and review any recommended differences in treatment planning for those who excessively exercise and those who do not. Online search engines and cross-referencing articles identified relevant ...
Page Phil - - 2010
Eccentric exercise has been effectively used in the management of tendinopathies in multiple regions of the body. Lateral epicondylosis ("tennis elbow") is a common tendinopathy that has shown improvement following treatment utilizing isokinetic eccentric exercise. A novel exercise was developed for home-based eccentric exercise that has shown promise for use ...
Leineweber Kirsten - - 2010
Heart failure (HF) is characterized by impaired myocardial β-adrenergic signal transduction. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the β(1)- (Ser49Gly, Arg389Gly) and β(2)-adrenoceptor (Arg16Gly, Gln27Glu, Thr164Ile) have been associated with alterations in adrenoceptor (AR) function sensitivity in vitro and in vivo and possibly contribute to HF progression. The present study evaluated ...
Gläser Sven - - 2010
AIMS: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a widely applied clinical procedure. There is uncertainty to what extent nutritional status, beta blockers and smoking should be taken into account in the interpretation of exercise parameters to describe abnormality. This study planned to consider the impact of these factors on CPET values ...
Katz Guy G Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, - - 2010
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a lethal arrhythmia provoked by physical or emotional stress and mediated by spontaneous Ca(2+) release and delayed after-depolarizations. Beta-adrenergic blockers are the therapy of choice but fail to control arrhythmia in up to 50% of patients. To optimize antiarrhythmic therapy in recessively inherited CPVT ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery (HRR) is an established prognostic predictor. However, a number of methodological issues have not been fully explored, including differences in HRR 1 versus 2 min after exercise termination, absolute versus relative HRR, and the impact of beta-blockers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Predictors of impaired absolute and ...
Artioli Guilherme Giannini - - 2010
In this narrative review, we present and discuss the current knowledge available on carnosine and beta-alanine metabolism as well as the effects of beta-alanine supplementation on exercise performance. Intramuscular acidosis has been attributed to be one of the main causes of fatigue during intense exercise. Carnosine has been shown to ...
Agostoni Piergiuseppe - - 2010
Hyperventilation and consequent reduction of ventilation (VE) efficiency are frequently observed during exercise in heart failure (HF) patients, resulting in an increased slope of VE/carbon dioxide (VE/Vco(2)) relationship. The latter is an independent predictor of HF prognosis. beta-Blockers improve the prognosis of HF patients. We evaluated the effect on the ...
Laveneziana Pierantonio - - 2010
This is the first study to examine the effect of acute (24-hour) beta-blocker withholding on ventilatory efficiency in patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF) during maximal incremental treadmill cardiopulmonary exercise test. Seventeen CHF patients were studied either 3 hours after administration of beta-blocker (BB(ON)) or 27 hours after the ...
Ftaiti Foued - - 2010
This study examined the effect of hyperthermia on brain electrical activity measured with encephalography during prolonged exhaustive exercise in a group of sedentary women (VO(2)max = 35 +/- 4 mL kg min(-1)). Two strenuous cycling exercises were performed either in neutral (N-Ex) or in heat (H-Ex) conditions. Tympanic temperature (Tty), ...
Metra Marco - - 2010
Beta-blockers are mainstay of current treatment of heart failure (HF). Beta-adrenergic receptors (AR) single nucleotide gene polymorphisms (SNPs) may influence the sensitivity and density of beta-AR. We assessed the relation between three common beta-AR SNPs and the response to carvedilol administration. We studied 183 consecutive patients with chronic HF due ...
Buono Michael J - - 2010
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the role of in vivo beta-adrenergic stimulation on sweat production during exercise. To do this, atropine was used to block the cholinergic component of sweating, thus isolating any potential beta-adrenergic response during exercise. The subjects for this study were 11 healthy ...
Tully Nuala E - - 2010
Objectives. Patient experiences of structured heart failure rehabilitation and their views on the important components of heart failure services were examined. Methods. Focus groups were conducted with fifteen participants (men, n = 12) attending one of two heart failure rehabilitation programmes. Sessions were guided by a semistructured interview schedule covering ...
Allen Mary K - - 2010
Purpose: To improve understanding in the physical therapy (PT) community of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH), a common but little-known iron overload disorder, symptoms of which may mimic other orthopaedic conditions. Medical management typically involves phlebotomy to remove excess iron; however, there is little specific information in the literature on PT management ...
Cotrim Carlos - - 2010
Upright exercise stress echocardiography (SE) induces significant intraventricular gradient (IVG) and systolic anterior motion (SAM) in a large proportion of symptomatic athletes, who may therefore benefit from a negative inotropic therapy.The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of chronic oral β blocker therapy on the occurrence ...
Gao Fen - - 2010
During exercise, beta-feedforward coronary vasodilation has been shown to contribute to the matching of myocardial oxygen supply with the demand of the myocardium. Since both beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenoceptors are present in the coronary microvasculature, we investigated the relative contribution of these subtypes to beta-feedforward coronary vasodilation during exercise as well ...
Giannini Artioli Guilherme - - 2009
In this narrative review we present and discuss the current knowledge available on carnosine and beta-alanine metabolism, as well as the effects of beta-alanine supplementation on exercise performance. Intramuscular acidosis has been attributed to be one of the main causes of fatigue during intense exercise. Carnosine has been shown to ...
Ebrahimi Shima - - 2010
The beneficial effects of physical activity and exercise on brain functions such as improvement in learning and memory are well documented. The aim of this study was to examine the role of the beta-adrenergic system in voluntary exercise-induced enhancement of learning and memory in rat. In order to block the ...
Baguet Audrey - - 2010
The oral ingestion of beta-alanine, the rate-limiting precursor in carnosine synthesis, has been shown to elevate the muscle carnosine content. Carnosine is thought to act as a physiologically relevant pH buffer during exercise but direct evidence is lacking. Acidosis has been hypothesised to influence oxygen uptake kinetics during high-intensity exercise. ...
Kurnik Daniel - - 2009
A common, functionally significant polymorphism in GRK5 (Gln41Leu) encodes a gain-of-function enzyme that enhances desensitization of the beta(1)-adrenergic receptor. GRK5 Leu41 has been postulated to confer endogenous 'genetic beta-blockade' and contribute to an attenuated response to beta-blockers in black subjects. The effects of this GRK5 variant on sensitivity to a ...
Gam Christiane M B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Decreased cerebral metabolic ratio (CMR) [molar uptake of O(2) versus molar uptake of (glucose + (1/2) lactate)] during exercise is attenuated by intravenous administration of the non-selective beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist propranolol. We evaluated to what extent cirrhotic patients in oral treatment with propranolol are able to mobilize brain non-oxidative ...
Buend??a Fuentes F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Exercise capacity has been shown to be reduced among cardiac transplant recipients. This observation is directly connected to both the transplanted heart's dependence on circulating catecholamines and the abnormal sympathoadrenal response to exercise in these patients. Taking into account this background, there is reluctance to use beta-blockers after heart ...
Nikolaidou T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Recent guidelines by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/European Society of Cardiology (ACC/AHA/ESC) on rate control management for chronic atrial fibrillation have relegated digoxin to second line treatment, recommending instead the use of beta-blockers or rate limiting calcium ...
Thom Nathaniel J - - 2009
Chronic activity-wheel running enhances male copulation and is associated with brain noradrenergic adaptations that may be modulated by the neuropeptide galanin (GAL). When injected into the medial pre-optic area (MPOA) of the hypothalamus, norepinephrine facilitates, and the beta-adrenoreceptor antagonist propranolol inhibits, male copulation. The present experiment tested whether chronic exercise ...
de Glisezinski I - - 2009
The relative contribution of noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and adrenaline (epinephrine) in the control of lipid mobilization in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) during exercise was evaluated in men treated with a somatostatin analogue, octreotide. Eight lean and eight obese young men matched for age and physical fitness performed 60 min exercise bouts ...
Moroz Alex - - 2009
This self-directed learning module provides an evidence-based update of exercise-based rehabilitation interventions to treat Parkinson disease (PD). It is part of the study guide on stroke and neurodegenerative disorders in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This focused review emphasizes treatment of ...
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