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Esser Stephan - - 2011
Exercise is one of the most discussed and controversial nonpharmacologic management strategies for osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Health care providers and patients share varied and often pseudoscientific beliefs regarding the effects of exercise on knee OA formulated on outdated notions of the etiology, pathophysiology, and progression of the condition. ...
Barron Anthony J AJ International Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London and Imperial College NHS Trust, UK. - - 2012
Secundum atrial septal defects (ASD) are the commonest congenital cardiac abnormality. They are often identified incidentally, or in conjunction with an acquired cardiac abnormality. Untreated they may lead to significant morbidity and mortality, with consequences including right ventricular overload and right heart failure, pulmonary arterial hypertension, shunt reversal and cyanosis, ...
Cousin A - - 2011
Rehabilitation care and physical exercise are known to constitute an effective treatment for chronic peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) at the intermittent claudication (IC) stage. Improvements in functional capacities and quality of life have been reported in the literature. We decided to assess the effects of hospital-based exercise training on ...
Szymanski Catherine C Cardiac Ultrasound Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2011
There is uncertainty and debate regarding whether ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) is a secondary epiphenomenon resulting from left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or confers an independent effect on exercise capacity and outcomes. We tested whether ischemic MR negatively affects exercise capacity and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery ...
Gayda M - - 2011
AIM: The impact of both fasting and postprandial glycaemia on heart rate recovery (HRR) has not been studied in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). For this reason, we sought to determine the relationships between HRR and both fasting and postprandial glycaemia. METHODS: A total of 4079 patients with baseline ...
Filbay Stephanie R - - 2011
The efficacy of physiotherapy techniques used for patients following uncomplicated coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is well documented. Previous research showed that some of this evidence was not rapidly adopted into practice by cardiothoracic physiotherapists; however, there has been no recent evaluation of the uptake of evidence. Our aim was ...
Dickman Kathleen - - 2012
Purpose: This project examined recently implemented shared medical appointments (SMAs) at a free clinic for patients with diabetes and/or hypertension. Changes in patients' self-managing behaviors, specifically exercise and goal-setting activity, were explored after participating in SMAs for 4 months. Data sources: The study employed a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. Participants completed ...
Gordon Jennifer L - - 2011
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Dysfunctional autonomic control of the CV system may represent a mechanism explaining this relationship. Poor CV recovery after exercise, indicative of dysfunctional autonomic control of the CV system, predicts CV events and death. This is the first study to ...
Esposito Eileen M - - 2011
Esposito EM, Fitzpatrick JJ. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2011; 17: 351-356 Registered nurses' beliefs of the benefits of exercise, their exercise behaviour and their patient teaching regarding exercise Recommendations by experts have been in place for > 10 years encouraging every adult to participate in ≥ 30 min of daily moderate-intensity physical ...
Wehrmeister Fernando César - - 2011
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are aimed at providing benefits to COPD patients, in various aspects. Our objective was to review the literature on COPD patient rehabilitation. This systematic review involved articles written in English, Spanish, or Portuguese; published between 2005 and 2009; and indexed in national and international databases. Articles were ...
Ogalha Cecília - - 2011
Patients with AIDS under antiretroviral therapy often present with metabolic problems associated with HIV infection and its therapy, which can affect their quality of life. The knowledge on the potential benefits of regular physical exercises for HIV-infected patients is limited. : We conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the impact ...
Yahiaoui Anella - - 2011
Advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART) have decreased HIV-related morbidity and mortality and contributed to rapidly increasing numbers of older people living with HIV. Successful management of ART-related side effects (metabolic syndrome) and age-related comorbidities (frailty) are major challenges for patients and providers. Exercise has proven beneficial for younger HIV-infected patients, ...
Kosmadakis George C GC John Walls Renal Unit, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, - - 2012
There is increasing evidence of the benefit of regular physical exercise in a number of long-term conditions including chronic kidney disease (CKD). In CKD, this evidence has mostly come from studies in end stage patients receiving regular dialysis. There is little evidence in pre-dialysis patients with CKD Stages 4 and ...
Ahlskog J Eric - - 2011
Parkinson disease (PD) is progressive, with dementia and medication-refractory motor problems common reasons for late-stage nursing-home placement. Increasing evidence suggests that ongoing vigorous exercise/physical fitness may favorably influence this progression. Parkinsonian animal models reveal exercise-related protection from dopaminergic neurotoxins, apparently mediated by brain neurotrophic factors and neuroplasticity (predicted from in ...
Lemyze Malcolm - - 2011
Maximal exercise capacity and pulmonary gas exchange are both commonly impaired in liver cirrhosis. Apart from rare cases of hepatopulmonary syndrome, it is still unknown whether these moderate pulmonary gas exchange abnormalities can alter aerobic capacity of cirrhotic patients. Resting pulmonary function tests and symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing were prospectively ...
Moser Myriam M C - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:/b> Lyme disease is well documented in the literature; however, specific physical therapy interventions for the pediatric population with residual effects of Lyme disease have not been addressed. The purposes of this retrospective case report are: (1) to present an example therapeutic intervention for a pediatric patient in ...
Shubert Tiffany E - - 2011
Falls are the leading cause of emergency department visits, hospital admissions, and unintentional death for older adults. Balance and strength impairments are common falls risk factors for community-dwelling older adults. Though physical therapists commonly treat balance and strength, standardized falls screening has not been fully incorporated into physical therapy practice ...
Tomioka Michiyo - - 2011
Purpose of the Study: Stanford's Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) has been proven to increase patients' ability to manage distress. We describe how we replicated CDSMP in Asian and Pacific Islander (API) communities.  DESIGN AND METHODS:  We used the "track changes" tool to deconstruct CDSMP into its various components (e.g., recruitment ...
Hallsworth Kate K Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK2NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Ageing and Age-related Disease, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2011
Lifestyle interventions focusing on weight loss remain the cornerstone of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) management. Despite this, the weight losses achieved in research trials are not easily replicated in the clinic and there is an urgent need for therapies independent of weight loss. Aerobic exercise is not well sustained ...
Westerdahl E - - 2011
Various chest physiotherapy techniques are recommended after cardiac surgery around the world. There is limited published data on what breathing exercises actually are recommended to patients after surgery in Europe. The aim of this national survey was to establish the current practice of chest physiotherapy and breathing exercises for adult ...
Keogh Justin W L - - 2011
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer patients, especially those on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), experience many symptoms that make it difficult to maintain their independence and quality of life. Because ADT acts by means of reducing testosterone production, exercise may offset many of the ADT side effects and those of the cancer itself. ...
Hudes Karen - - 2011
This case study chronicled the assessment, treatment and management of two adolescent patients presenting with acute knee pain, diagnosed as medial meniscus tear, with or without a medial collateral ligament sprain, with coronary ligament involvement. Patient 1: A 16 year old male football player presented with right medial knee pain ...
Flachenecker Peter - - 2011
This review gives an overview of the rehabilitation of autoimmune diseases. After general remarks on rehabilitation, the effects of acute and chronic exercises on inflammatory markers are summarized. Most of the available literature deals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and multiple sclerosis (MS), and therefore, rehabilitation of these diseases is described ...
Meyer Caroline - - 2011
The aim of this review was to develop an empirically supported cognitive behavioural model of compulsive exercise within the context of the eating disorders. A systematic review of the correlates and predictors of compulsive exercise among eating disordered patients identified four key correlates. These were subsequently validated by a second ...
Paul Kelly L - - 2011
Patients facing hematologic malignancy and its treatment are highly vulnerable to profound physiologic, functional, and cognitive disability and often experience a significant increase in psychosocial stress. For optimal outcomes, this incredibly vulnerable oncology population will need earlier and more comprehensive involvement of rehabilitation services, including exercise strategies.Exercise interventions for those ...
Duclos Martine - - 2011
In this article, we examine the results from meta-analyses of studies that have focused on the effects of supervised exercise in patients with established type 2 diabetes mellitus. Exercise has been clearly demonstrated to have benefits on blood glucose control (average reduction of glycated hemoglobin, 0.6%) and cardiovascular risk factors. ...
Arena Ross - - 2011
Congest Heart Fail. 2011;17:115-119. (©) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Despite advances in the treatment of heart failure (HF), which have resulted in improved survival, overall prognosis continues to be poor. Given the high short-term mortality rate, it remains important to utilize assessment techniques with established prognostic value in this patient ...
Akodu A K - - 2011
Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is considered the treatment of choice for patients with intractable pain and substantial functional disabilities who have not had acceptable relief and functional improvement after conservative treatment. It was found out that patients with total knee arthroplasty need physiotherapy intervention for pre-operative and post-operative management. ...
Roupas Nikolaos D - - 2011
To highlight the recent developments in the field of menstrual function in sports and to provide an overview of our current understanding in regard to the pathophysiology, evaluation and management strategies of exercise-related reproductive dysfunction. A PUBMED search was carried out and all articles published from 1980 to 2010 with ...
Dalusung-Angosta Alona - - 2011
Purpose: (a) To explore current studies on Tai Chi and its impact on coronary heart disease (CHD), (b) provide critique of existing studies, and (c) provide recommendations for clinical practice and future research. Data sources: Comprehensive review of literature. Conclusions: Tai Chi is a safe alternative exercise for patients who are ...
Corrà Ugo - - 2011
In the present context of an aging population, limited donor heart availability, improved reliability of mechanical cardiac support and improved patient outcomes, ventricular assist device (VAD) options to support end-stage heart failure patients are rapidly expanding. In addition, both the smaller size and lighter weight of the pumps now produced ...
Guirao Aguilar J - - 2011
Respiration exercises are an important part in the pulmonary rehabilitation of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) patients. Furthermore, previous research has demonstrated that showing respiration pattern helps the patients to improve their breathing skills. We have developed a low cost and non-invasive prototype based on the Wii remote game controller ...
Chyu Ming-Chien - - 2011
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition characterized by degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint. With no cure currently available, the goals of treating OA are to alleviate pain, maintain, or improve joint mobility, increase the muscle strength of the joints, and minimize the disabling effects of ...
Connes Philippe - - 2011
Sickle cell anemia (SCA or SS homozygous sickle cell disease) is an inherited blood disorder caused by single nucleotide substitution in the β-globin gene that renders their hemoglobin (HbS) much less soluble than normal hemoglobin (HbA) when deoxygenated. The polymerization of HbS upon deoxygenation is the basic pathophysiologic event leading ...
Liu Yongge - - 2011
Intermittent claudication (IC) is one of the most frequent forms of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and is most commonly caused by arterial atherosclerosis. Its clinical manifestation includes fatigue, discomfort, or pain occurring in limb muscles due to exercise-induced ischemia, thus limiting the ability of IC patients to walk ...
Mugii Naoki - - 2011
Pulmonary rehabilitation is effective for improving exercise capacity in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD), and most programs last about 8 weeks. A 43-year-old male patient with systemic sclerosis and oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) declining because of severe ILD was hospitalized for treatment of chronic skin ulcers. During admission, he completed ...
Stoloff Stuart W - - 2011
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) can represent a substantial barrier to physical activity. We present the cases of two patients with EIB, one with asthma, and one without asthma, who were evaluated at our primary care practice. The first case was a 44-year-old man with a history of seasonal allergic rhinitis but ...
Galvão Daniel A - - 2011
The presence of bone metastases has excluded participation of prostate cancer patients in exercise intervention studies to date and is also a relative contraindication to supervised exercise in the community setting because of concerns of fragility fracture. However, this group of patients often have developed significant muscle atrophy and functional ...
Kent Brian D - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death and disability internationally. Alveolar hypoxia and consequent hypoxemia increase in prevalence as disease severity increases. Ventilation/perfusion mismatch resulting from progressive airflow limitation and emphysema is the key driver of this hypoxia, which may be exacerbated by sleep and exercise. ...
Kostopoulos Konstantinos K Lab. of Medical Informatics, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124, PO Box 323, Thessaloniki, Greece. - - 2011
Exercise constitutes an important intervention aiming to improve health and quality of life for several categories of patients. Personalized exercise prescription is a rather complicated issue, requiring several aspects to be taken into account, e.g. patient's medical history and response to exercise, medication treatment, personal preferences, etc. The present work ...
Zunker Christie C Clinical Neuroscience, Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota, USA. - - 2011
To identify exercise interventions in the empirical literature to help inform clinical decision making in the treatment of underweight individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and review any recommended differences in treatment planning for those who excessively exercise and those who do not. Online search engines and cross-referencing articles identified relevant ...
Page Phil - - 2010
Eccentric exercise has been effectively used in the management of tendinopathies in multiple regions of the body. Lateral epicondylosis ("tennis elbow") is a common tendinopathy that has shown improvement following treatment utilizing isokinetic eccentric exercise. A novel exercise was developed for home-based eccentric exercise that has shown promise for use ...
Leineweber Kirsten - - 2010
Heart failure (HF) is characterized by impaired myocardial β-adrenergic signal transduction. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the β(1)- (Ser49Gly, Arg389Gly) and β(2)-adrenoceptor (Arg16Gly, Gln27Glu, Thr164Ile) have been associated with alterations in adrenoceptor (AR) function sensitivity in vitro and in vivo and possibly contribute to HF progression. The present study evaluated ...
Gläser Sven - - 2010
AIMS: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a widely applied clinical procedure. There is uncertainty to what extent nutritional status, beta blockers and smoking should be taken into account in the interpretation of exercise parameters to describe abnormality. This study planned to consider the impact of these factors on CPET values ...
Katz Guy G Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, - - 2010
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a lethal arrhythmia provoked by physical or emotional stress and mediated by spontaneous Ca(2+) release and delayed after-depolarizations. Beta-adrenergic blockers are the therapy of choice but fail to control arrhythmia in up to 50% of patients. To optimize antiarrhythmic therapy in recessively inherited CPVT ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery (HRR) is an established prognostic predictor. However, a number of methodological issues have not been fully explored, including differences in HRR 1 versus 2 min after exercise termination, absolute versus relative HRR, and the impact of beta-blockers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Predictors of impaired absolute and ...
Artioli Guilherme Giannini - - 2010
In this narrative review, we present and discuss the current knowledge available on carnosine and beta-alanine metabolism as well as the effects of beta-alanine supplementation on exercise performance. Intramuscular acidosis has been attributed to be one of the main causes of fatigue during intense exercise. Carnosine has been shown to ...
Agostoni Piergiuseppe - - 2010
Hyperventilation and consequent reduction of ventilation (VE) efficiency are frequently observed during exercise in heart failure (HF) patients, resulting in an increased slope of VE/carbon dioxide (VE/Vco(2)) relationship. The latter is an independent predictor of HF prognosis. beta-Blockers improve the prognosis of HF patients. We evaluated the effect on the ...
Laveneziana Pierantonio - - 2010
This is the first study to examine the effect of acute (24-hour) beta-blocker withholding on ventilatory efficiency in patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF) during maximal incremental treadmill cardiopulmonary exercise test. Seventeen CHF patients were studied either 3 hours after administration of beta-blocker (BB(ON)) or 27 hours after the ...
Ftaiti Foued - - 2010
This study examined the effect of hyperthermia on brain electrical activity measured with encephalography during prolonged exhaustive exercise in a group of sedentary women (VO(2)max = 35 +/- 4 mL kg min(-1)). Two strenuous cycling exercises were performed either in neutral (N-Ex) or in heat (H-Ex) conditions. Tympanic temperature (Tty), ...
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