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Results 451 - 500 of 1182
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Hallén J - - 1994
1. K+ efflux rate and control of K+ reuptake rate in exercising muscle cells was examined in six healthy female volunteers. 2. A K(+)-selective electrode in the femoral vein continuously monitored K+ concentration ([K+]fv) during bicycling. Power was increased stepwise 5-6 times by 30-40 W every fourth minute until exhaustion ...
Kroemer H K - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Therapy with racemic compounds produces effects that can be attributed to both (S)- and (R)-enantiomers. Here we have tested the hypothesis that an enantiomer-enantiomer interaction would modulate the effects of treatment with a racemate, the antiarrhythmic propafenone. Previous studies have shown that while the enantiomers of propafenone exert similar ...
Perchet H - - 1994
1. The physiological effects of the acute administration of a beta-adrenoceptor antagonist in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy were assessed by performing post-exercise Doppler-echocardiography study. Eleven patients and six control subjects were studied. According to a double-blind randomized protocol, 5 mg of metoprolol or placebo was administered before cycloergometer exercise. ...
Bernards C M - - 1994
Previous studies have demonstrated that (hydroxypropyl)-beta-cyclodextrin behaves as a slow-release reservoir when used as a vehicle for intrathecal administration of opioids. The goal of the current investigation was to determine if (hydroxypropyl)-beta-cyclodextrin might serve as a slow-release vehicle for epidural opioid administration as well. An in vitro diffusion cell model ...
Middeke M - - 1994
Beta-adrenoceptors on lymphocytes are acutely increased after dynamic exercise in normotensive subjects, but not in hypertensives. It was thus of interest to evaluate the acute regulation of the lymphocyte beta-adrenoceptor-adenylate-cyclase-cAMP-system (BAAS) in patients with primary hypertension during dynamic stress after acute beta-blockade. Density and affinity of beta 2-adrenoceptors, and intracellular ...
Kushwaha S S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a small dose of beta blocker on neurohumoral and cardiopulmonary responses after cardiac transplantation. BACKGROUND: Cardiac transplant recipients have a reduced exercise capacity and abnormal cardiovascular responses to exercise. The sympathoadrenal response to exercise has been shown to be abnormal with high venous noradrenaline. ...
Andersson B - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate exercise hemodynamic status in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and was a substudy in the Metoprolol in Dilated Cardiomyopathy Trial. BACKGROUND: Previous open studies have shown beneficial effects on exercise hemodynamic status after beta-adrenergic blocking agent therapy in patients with congestive heart failure. METHODS: ...
Børsheim E - - 1994
In the recovery period after strenuous exercise, there is an increase in O2 uptake termed the excess post-exercise O2 consumption (EPOC), consisting of a rapid and a prolonged component. Mechanisms regulating the prolonged component of EPOC are not completely understood, but an effect of catecholamines has been suggested. The purpose ...
Naline E - - 1994
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potency and efficacy (intrinsic activity) of formoterol and salmeterol and their duration of action in comparison with other beta-adrenoceptor agonists in isolated human bronchi. Human bronchi were obtained at thoracotomy from patients with lung cancer. Potency (-log of the concentration of ...
Kitani K - - 1994
Male Wistar rats were infused intravenously with taurochenodeoxycholate (0.4 mumol/min/100 gm) alone (group A) or with one of the three bile salts (tauroursodeoxycholate [group B], tauro beta-muricholate [group C] or tauro alpha-muricholate [group D]) at a rate of 0.2 mumol/min/100/gm for 1 hr. One-hour bile flow and bile salt excretion ...
Goldberger J J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Signal-averaged ECG is a noninvasive test designed to detect "late potentials." The effects of alterations in autonomic tone on the signal-averaged ECG have not been evaluated systematically. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of autonomic stimulation and blockade on the signal-averaged ECG were evaluated in 14 healthy subjects (8 men ...
Sch?fers R F - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine whether activation of cardiac beta 2-adrenoceptors increases contractility in humans and whether this is affected by long-term beta 1-adrenoceptor antagonist treatment. BACKGROUND: Coexistence of beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors in the human heart is generally accepted. The functional importance of cardiac beta 2-adrenoceptors ...
Todd M K - - 1994
Nine healthy young (27.8 +/- 0.8 yr old, YM) and nine healthy older men (55.4 +/- 1.3 yr old, OM) ran on a treadmill at 70-75% of maximal O2 consumption for 30 min to determine the combined effects of age and acute exercise on plasma thromboxane B2 (TxB2) and beta-thromboglobulin ...
Marchant B - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to examine the role of beta-endorphin and met-enkephalin in the pathophysiology of silent myocardial ischemia, with emphasis on their role in the physiologic response to stress. BACKGROUND: Silent myocardial ischemia is more common in patients whose perception of pain is reduced. Whether endogenous opiates can ...
Varlotta L - - 1994
The present study investigated whether maturational changes in extraneuronal catecholamine clearance accounted for the ontogenetic attenuation of isoproterenol responsiveness in rabbit tracheal segments. Following half-maximal contraction with acetylcholine (ACh) or KCl, tracheal ring segments (TS) isolated from newborn, 1-mo, and adult rabbits were relaxed with cumulative administration of isoproterenol. With ...
Verani M S - - 1994
To prospectively assess the response of orthotopic heart transplant recipients to exercise before and after beta-adrenergic blockade, we investigated 35 orthotopic heart recipients, all with clinically stable conditions and without rejection, and five control, healthy subjects. Radionuclide angiography was performed at rest and during supine bicycle exercise, before and after ...
Ahlborg G - - 1994
The importance of beta-receptor stimulation for the metabolism and circulation in the liver and exercising muscle was studied in six men during 3 h of leg exercise at 50% of maximum oxygen uptake. At 160 min of exercise, 0.15 mg propranolol/kg body wt was given intravenously. The results were compared ...
Kane D W - - 1994
We studied the effects of inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) (endothelium-derived relaxation factor) synthase in combination with alpha and beta adrenergic receptor blockade on pulmonary vascular tone during exercise. In paired studies, we exercised sheep on a treadmill at a speed of 4 mph, and measured blood flow and pressures ...
Bellissant E - - 1994
The effects of single oral doses of dilevalol 400 mg and propranolol 80 mg on systemic and regional haemodynamics at rest and after sub-maximal exercise, were compared, in a placebo-controlled, randomised, double-blind, crossover study in 6 healthy male volunteers. At rest, as compared to placebo, neither dilevalol nor propranolol significantly ...
Volz-Zang C - - 1994
The effects of esmolol at different rates of infusion (100, 250 and 500 micrograms.kg-1 BW.min-1) were compared with beta-adrenoceptor occupancy (beta 1 and beta 2, estimated by a subtype selective radioreceptor assay) and plasma concentrations of esmolol and its acid metabolite were measured by HPLC. Up to a rate of ...
Pierce E F - - 1993
Considerable research has shown significant increases in beta-endorphin levels after aerobic activity. These increases and their accompanying euphoric effect have been suggested as a possible psychophysiological mechanism underlying the exercise-dependence syndrome. The relationship between plasma beta-endorphin levels and a tendency towards exercise dependence, however, has not been established. To examine ...
Young R F - - 1993
The authors systematically studied the release of the endogenous opioid peptides beta-endorphin and methionine (met)-enkephalin into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during deep brain stimulation in patients suffering from otherwise intractable chronic pain. Nine patients were included in the study; six had stimulation electrodes placed in both the periventricular gray matter ...
Pierce E F - - 1993
Previous research investigating the response of plasma beta-endorphins (beta-EP) to resistance exercise has resulted in equivocal findings. To further examine the effects of resistance exercise on beta-endorphin immunoreactivity, six resistance-trained athletes participated in a three-set series of eight repetitions of isotonic exercise. All exercises were performed at 80% maximal effort. ...
Gullestad L - - 1993
The role of beta-adrenoceptors in exercise-induced muscle hyperaemia was investigated. Exercise was performed with a small and a large muscle mass: knee extension (KE) and bicycle exercise (BE). Seven healthy subjects performed light and maximal KE and eight subjects performed stepwise dynamic BE to exhaustion before and after acute i.v. ...
Zhuang J - - 1993
To test the hypothesis that native high-altitude residents have less beta-sympathetic and more parasympathetic tone than newcomers, we compared the effects of beta-sympathetic and parasympathetic blockade in 10 Tibetan and 9 Han acclimatized male residents of Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China (elevation 3,658 m). Each subject was studied during cycle ...
Lemini C - - 1993
The syntheses and characterizations of two new 17 beta-aminoestrogens, butolame [17 beta-(4-hydroxy-1-butylamino)-1,3,5(10)-estratrien-3-ol] and pentolame [17 beta-(5-hydroxy-1-pentylamino)-1,3,5(10)-estratrien-3-ol], are presented. Both compounds, when administered in single subcutaneous injections to male mice and rats, produce dose-dependent increases in blood clotting times that may last several days. The estrogenic effects assessed by the vaginal ...
Aravich P F - - 1993
Exercise and the endogenous opioids have been linked to anorexia nervosa. This investigation determined the effects of the weight-loss syndrome induced by voluntary exercise (22.5 h/day) in food-restricted rats (1.5 h/day food access) on the endogenous opioids. The animals were tested under resting-fed and 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) stimulated conditions. Weight-matched, freely ...
Hanem S - - 1993
Stimulation of myocardial alpha 1-adrenoceptors mediates changes in potassium fluxes across the sarcolemma. We studied the effect of alpha 1-adrenoceptor stimulation (5 x 10(-5) M phenylephrine with addition of 10(-6) M timolol) on potassium efflux by use of 86Rb+ efflux from isolated rat hearts perfused in a nonrecirculation system. The ...
Harris A - - 1993
Acute mild exercise accelerates transit of material through the gastrointestinal tract via mechanisms that remain entirely unknown. Because exercise increases peripheral sympathetic drive, and can increase circulating opioids, in this study we examined the role that naloxone and propranolol-dependent pathways play in accelerating orocecal transit in exercise. Transit was determined ...
Akhlaghi S - - 1993
This paper reports on a randomized double-blind crossover study to compare the effects of daily treatment with 100 mg conventional metoprolol (M100), 50 or 100 mg slow-release metoprolol CR (CR50, CR100) and placebo on the response to treadmill walking exercise in 12 healthy volunteers. Twenty minutes of exercise was undertaken ...
Yonga G O - - 1993
Possession of beta-1-selectivity and intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA) by beta-adrenergic blocking drugs have been found to modify the effects of these drugs on heart rate, blood pressure and pulmonary airway resistance both at rest and during exercise. In a randomised, double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled trial, 21 healthy male volunteers took placebo, ...
Yonga G O - - 1993
Beta-blockers that are non-selective, beta-1-selective or possess intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA) are thought to differ in their effects on serum potassium, glucose and lactate during exercise. In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled study, 21 healthy male volunteers took placebo, propranolol, pindolol and metoprolol on separate occasions. They were subsequently exercised ...
Cohen-Solal A - - 1993
The effects of beta-blockers and calcium-channel blockers on cardiopulmonary response during exercise are not well characterized. Sixteen sedentary patients with essential hypertension underwent a randomized, double-blind, cross-over study comparing atenolol and diltiazem sustained-release 300 mg, each administered during 6 weeks, after a 15-day run-in placebo period. Neither atenolol nor diltiazem ...
Martin W H WH - - 1993
Although thyroid hormone excess results in increased beta-adrenergic receptor density or agonist responses in some cells of experimental animals, the role of these effects in contributing to clinical manifestations of hyperthyroidism in human subjects is unclear. To shed further light on this issue, we characterized the effect of 2 weeks ...
Miller P F PF Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel - - 1993
We compared symptomatic, hemodynamic and opioid responses of heart disease patients to exercise testing and a stressful public speaking task. Plasma beta-endorphins were measured at rest and immediately post stress. Nineteen of 50 patients had angina during exercise; 31 had asymptomatic ischemia. No patient had angina during the speech, but ...
Walley T - - 1993
1. Dilevalol (R,R-labetalol) is a non-selective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist with beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist activity. Its effects after 1 month's administration on heart rate, blood pressure and muscle blood flow were studied in a double-blind crossover comparison with nifedipine in 16 hypertensive patients. 2. Dilevalol and nifedipine were similarly effective in lowering ...
Jensen-Urstad M - - 1993
To investigate the differences in metabolic response between arm exercise (AE) and leg exercise (LE) and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms, seven men were studied during 20 min of AE or LE both with (beta) and without (control, C) nonselective beta-blockade (beta B) (propranolol). The work loads corresponded to 59 ...
Kane D W - - 1993
In paired experiments, we exercised sheep at a constant rate of 4 mph on a treadmill and measured the hemodynamic effects of alpha receptor blockade (phentolamine 5 mg intravenously), beta receptor blockade (propranolol 1 mg intravenously), and combined alpha and beta receptor blockade. Beta blockade increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) ...
Braun U - - 1993
We investigated the counterregulatory effect of the oculocardiac reflex (OCR) in 25 infants and children during strabismus surgery under three experimental conditions. In group 1, a series of measurements were recorded when the OCR was elicited by traction. The beat-to-beat heart rate reduction ranged from -26 to -64 beats/min (median: ...
McGowan R W - - 1993
Research examining the relationship between beta-endorphin immunoreactivity and affect has resulted in equivocal findings. To examine this relationship further, 10 male and 10 female college-age students participated in a controlled free-weight exercise session. Blood plasma samples were procured both prior to and following the exercise bout and beta-endorphin levels were ...
Carpéné C - - 1993
The beta-3 adrenoceptor protein lacks most of the potential phosphorylation sites for beta adrenoceptor kinase and protein kinase A. In addition, it exhibits a lower affinity toward norepinephrine than beta-1 or beta-2 adrenoceptors. It is thus expected that beta-3 adrenoceptors could be less implicated in desensitization processes than the beta-1 ...
Yasuda S U - - 1993
d-Sotalol was developed as an antiarrhythmic agent with a relative lack of antagonist activity at beta-adrenergic receptors. Exercise heart rate reduction has been observed after administration to humans. The purpose of this study was to determine directly whether this effect of d-sotalol was attributable to beta-blockade. Plasma samples from normal ...
Tsuboi M - - 1993
The mechanism underlying exhaustive exercise-induced release of lysosomal enzymes was studied in the rat liver. Exhaustive exercise resulted in the release of beta-glucuronidase and cathepsin D, but not beta-glucosidase and acid phosphatase, into the blood and cytosol, suggesting that the release of lysosomal enzymes is not due to disruption of ...
Pilhall M - - 1993
Changes in the QRS complex during exercise may provide information with respect to ischaemic heart disease. The intention with present investigation was to shed light on mechanisms behind QRS changes and to study the possibly confounding effects of beta-blockade on such alterations with exercise. Placebo or propranolol respectively was infused ...
Takayama S - - 1993
We investigated the chronotropic and inotropic responses to BRL 37344 (a beta 3-adrenoceptor agonist) and isoproterenol in isolated, blood-perfused dog atria. BRL 37344 (0.1-30 nmol) or isoproterenol (0.001-0.3 nmol) increased the sinus rate and contractile force dose dependently. BRL 37344 was 290 times less potent than isoproterenol to increase sinus ...
Townend J N - - 1993
To determine the effect of ACE inhibitor therapy on lymphocyte beta-adrenoceptor function and density, as well as the in vivo myocardial response to beta-agonist stimulation, we studied 12 patients with chronic severe heart failure before and after 16 weeks' treatment with quinapril. Lymphocyte beta-adrenoceptor function (intracellular cAMP production in response ...
Clapp J F JF - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that sustained exercise elevates circulating levels of 17 beta-estradiol in an intensity-dependent manner. STUDY DESIGN: Blood samples were obtained in the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle from 75 female recreational athletes before and immediately after 20 minutes of aerobics or running ...
Gardner M J - - 1993
INTRODUCTION: Left-sided stellate ganglion predominance has been proposed as a mechanism responsible for lethal ventricular arrhythmias, due to heterogenous ventricular repolarization. To determine the cardiovascular effects of such asymmetric sympathetic ganglion innervation in man, studies were performed in 15 patients undergoing unilateral stellate ganglion blockade for the management of chronic ...
Fagard R - - 1993
Both single dose and short term diuretic treatment adversely affect maximal exercise capacity and the duration of prolonged submaximal exercise. However, insufficient data are available to establish the effect of long term diuretic treatment on exercise capacity. beta-Blockade reduces maximal aerobic power by approximately 7%. In addition, the capacity for ...
MacMathuna P - - 1993
It has been postulated that the adverse metabolic effects of beta-adrenergic blockade with propranolol in cirrhosis may be related to altered delivery and utilisation of oxygen, particularly in patients with advanced alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Consequently, in 10 patients with decompensated ALD, we assessed (a) systemic and hepatic oxygen delivery ...
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