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Leutton J L JL Perth Equine Hospital, Ascot, Western Australia, - - 2014
To investigate laryngeal function in cases of recurrent laryngeal neuropathy pre- and post-laryngoplasty (LP) using dynamic respiratory endoscopy (DRE). To compare rima glottidis area during DRE pre- and post-LP; to document all forms of dynamic upper airway obstruction (DUAO) pre- and post-LP; and to investigate the relationship between post-operative abduction ...
Lyon Ellen E Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse (Mss Lyon and Menke; Drs Foster and Porcari; and Mr Gibson); and Gundersen Lutheran Medical Center, La Crosse, Wisconsin (Ms - - 2014
The Talk Test (TT) is a submaximal, incremental exercise test that has been shown to be useful in prescribing exercise training intensity. It is based on a subject's ability to speak comfortably during exercise. This study defined the amount of reduction in absolute workload intensity from an incremental exercise test ...
de Castro Cynthia Aparecida CA Departamento de Educação Física, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Avenida Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa, MG 36570000, - - 2014
The pulp of jussara açaí (Euterpe edulis Martius) fruit is rich in anthocyanins that exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects similar to those exerted by aerobic exercise. In the present study, we investigated the effects of jussara açaí fruit pulp consumption, either alone or in combination with aerobic exercise, on the ...
Biensø Rasmus Sjørup RS Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, The Center for Physical Activity Research and August Krogh Centre, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Universitesparken 13, 2100, Copenhagen Ø, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) regulation in human skeletal muscle at rest and during exercise. Nine young healthy physically inactive male subjects completed two trials. In an LPS trial, the subjects received ...
Yu Bo - - 2014
Although a few studies have been conducted, it is still unclear whether the apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism is associated with maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) after exercise training. The objective of this study was to examine if the APOE gene polymorphisms affect VO2max after exercise training in Chinese young adult. A ...
Kim Kijeong K School of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, - - 2014
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a common white matter lesion affecting the neonatal brain. PVL is closely associated with cerebral palsy (CP) and characterized by increase in the number of astrocytes, which can be detected by positivity for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Change in myelin basic protein (MBP) is an ...
Kerksick Chad M CM 1 Department of Health, Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA 87131 2Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, Truman State University, Kirksville, MO USA 63501 3Physiology Department, A. T. Still University of Health Sciences, Kirksville, MO USA 63501 4Northeast Lakeview College, Department of Kinesiology, Universal City, TX USA 78148 5Exercise and Sports Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Health, Leisure and Kinesiology, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX - - 2014
The factors that best account for differences in strength across all types of exercise, body types, and training histories are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of strength level and body composition on upper and lower-body work capacity in adult men. From a ...
Trbovich Michelle M Department of PM&R, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio , Texas ; Spinal Cord Injury Service, Audie L. Murphy Veteran's Administration Hospital , San Antonio, - - 2014
It is well accepted that persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) have impaired ability to regulate core temperature due to impaired vasomotor and sudomotor activity below their level of injury. Impaired heat dissipation puts SCI athletes at great risk of exercise-induced hyperthermia (EIH) (>37.8°C). There is minimal evidence for efficacy ...
Bengtsson M - - 2013
HLA-A*03:162N differs from A*03:01:01:01 by an exon 4, 664-665insCATG causing E198A and A199X.
Simmons Grant H - - 2013
Exercise training has emerged as an intervention for the primary and secondary prevention of coronary artery disease, but the mechanisms through which training reduces relative risk are not completely understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of endurance exercise training on vasomotor function and vascular cell ...
Abbasi Asghar A Division of Exercise Immunology & Genetics, Institute of Clinical and Experimental Transfusion Medicine (IKET), University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany; Institute of Sports Science, Eberhard Karls University, Tuebingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Exhaustive exercise can interfere with immunity, causing transient immunosuppression and infections/inflammation in athletes. We used microarray technology to analyze the gene expression profiles of whole blood in short time (1h) LPS-stimulated and un-stimulated cultures drawn before, 30min after, 3h after and 24h after a half-marathon run. Four male and 4 ...
Liu Hui-Li - - 2013
Previously our study has demonstrated that long-term treadmill exercise improved cognitive deficit in APP/PS1 transgenic mice of Alzheimer's disease (AD) paralleled by enhanced long-term potentiation (LTP). The present study was undertaken to further investigate whether the treadmill running could inhibit the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like neuropathology in hippocampus of ...
Pelletier Chelsea A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe physical capacity, autonomic function, and perceptions of exercise among adults with sub-acute spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Two inpatient SCI rehabilitation programs in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one participants (38.9±13.7 years) with tetraplegia (TP; n=19), high paraplegia (HP; n=8), or low paraplegia (LP; n=14) completing inpatient SCI ...
Pérusse Louis L Department of Kinesiology, Laval University, Ste-Foy, Québec, - - 2013
A small number of excellent articles on exercise genomics issues were published in 2012. A new PYGM knock-in mouse model will provide opportunities to investigate the exercise intolerance and very low activity level of people with McArdle disease. New reports on variants in ACTN3 and ACE have increased the level ...
Ferreira Aparecido Pimentel - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of aerobic exercise intensity on postprandial lipemia according to allelic variants of the apolipoprotein E gene. METHODS: Three groups of 10 healthy men each were formed based genotyping of the APOE gene, rested or performed 500 Kcal tests in a random sequence separated by a minimum ...
Chaves Christianne Pereira Giesbrecht - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the role of exercise order on total number of repetitions and to evaluate the possible importance on muscle damage and on rating perceived exertion (RPE). Ten trained participants completed two sequences: sequence A (SEQA) was leg press (LP), leg extension (LE), leg curl (LC), bench ...
Barnett T P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Dorsal displacement of the soft palate (DDSP) in the horse has been previously described as intermittent, typically occurring at fast exercise; or persistent, seen at rest. DDSP has recently been reported following laryngoplasty (LP) and can be associated with continued poor performance and respiratory noise. The current study aimed ...
Crawford Robert S RS Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2013
We designed studies to determine whether the ApoE-/- phenotype modulates the local skeletal muscle and systemic inflammatory (plasma) responses to lower extremity demand ischemia. The ApoE-/- phenotype is an experimental model for atherosclerosis in humans. Aged female ApoE-/- and C57BL6 mice underwent femoral artery ligation, then were divided into sedentary ...
Machado M - - 2013
Objective: The current study examined serum CK activity following bench press (BP) and leg press (LP) exercise-induced muscle damage to evaluate agreement of subjects classification as either high (HiR) or normal responders (NoR) between upper and lower body muscle groups. Methods: Forty-two men performed two resistance exercise bouts (BP and ...
Barnett Timothy P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To (1) assess long-term maintenance of arytenoid cartilage abduction (ACA) after laryngoplasty (LP); and (2) correlate the residual grade of ACA and postoperative abductory loss with arytenoid cartilage stability (ACS) during exercise. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMALS: Horses re-examined after laryngoplasty (n = 33). METHODS: Of 89 LP horses (2005-2010), 33 ...
Dolezal Brett A BA Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2013
Physical exercise has been shown to benefit diverse medical and behavioral conditions. This study assesses the feasibility and efficacy of an 8-week endurance and resistance training program on fitness measures in individuals undergoing residential treatment for methamphetamine (MA) dependence. A total of 39 MA-dependent individuals were randomized to 3 days/week ...
Kim Sung-Eun - - 2013
Brain inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of chronic neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. We investigated the effects of treadmill exercise and wheel exercise on spatial learning ability in relation with long-term potentiation (LTP) using lipopolysaccharide-induced brain inflammation in the rats. Brain inflammation was induced ...
Nakashima Hiroshi H Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-8513, Japan. - - 2013
The Trp64Arg polymorphism of the beta-3-adrenergic receptor gene has been studied as a potential genetic factor contributing to the development of obesity. Several studies have investigated whether or not this polymorphism affects weight reduction due to exercise, but the results of these studies have not been consistent. Moreover, information on ...
Kadoglou N P E - - 2013
Physical exercise is the cornerstone of cardiovascular disease treatment. The present study investigated whether exercise training affects atherosclerotic plaque composition through the modification of inflammatory-related pathways in apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE-/-) mice with diabetic atherosclerosis. Forty-five male apoE-/- mice were randomized into three equivalent (n=15) groups: control (CO), sedentary (SED), ...
Hammouda Omar - - 2013
To examine the time-of-day and Ramadan fasting (RF) effects on serum apolipoprotein-AI (Apo-AI) and B (Apo-B), lipoprotein particles-a (Lp-a), high-sensitive C-reactive-protein (hs-CRP), and homocysteine (Hcy) during the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (YYIRT). Performance and biochemical measures were completed at two times-of-day (07:00 and 17:00 h), 1-week before RF (BR), the ...
Hung Ching-Hsia CH Department of Physical Therapy, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, - - 2013
Endotoxemia induces a series of inflammatory responses that may result in lung injury. However, heat shock protein72 (HSP72) has the potential to protect the lungs from damage. The objective of this study was to determine whether prior exercise conditioning could increase the expression of HSP72 in the lungs and attenuate ...
Huppertz Charlotte C Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands ; EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The - - 2013
Purpose. Twin studies provide evidence that genetic influences contribute strongly to individual differences in exercise behavior. We hypothesize that part of this heritability is explained by genetic variation in the dopaminergic reward system. Eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in DRD1: rs265981, DRD2: rs6275, rs1800497, DRD3: rs6280, DRD4: rs1800955, DBH: rs1611115, ...
Qi Zhengtang Z Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention, Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241 China ; College of Physical Education and Health, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241 - - 2013
During endurance and resistance exercise training, AMPK and mTOR signaling were known as selective pathways implicating the differentiation of exercise-induced phenotype in skeletal muscle. Among the previous studies, however, the differences in exercise protocol, the individuality and the genetic heterogeneity within species make it difficult to reach a consistent conclusion ...
Borges Bastos Carmen Lucia - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Improving the process of how physical performance is enhanced is one of the main topics evaluated by physiologists. This process often involves athletes as well as non-athletic populations. The purpose of this study was to assess the chronic response to ten weeks of static stretching exercises carried out before ...
Barnett T P - - 2012
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: To investigate upper respiratory tract function in horses, previously undergoing laryngoplasty (LP), using exercising video-endoscopy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate arytenoid abduction and stability, diagnose any concurrent upper airway problems, and correlate these with the owners' perception of success. METHODS: Horses undergoing LP during a 6-year period at ...
Kim Sung-Eun - - 2012
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is an endotoxin derived from Gram‑negative bacteria, which induces brain inflammation. LPS‑induced brain inflammation deteriorates hippocampus‑dependent cognitive deficits. In the present study, we investigated the effects of forced treadmill exercise and voluntary wheel exercise on short‑term memory in relation to neuronal maturation in LPS‑induced brain inflammation of rats. ...
Goncalves Cintia Tr - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The regular practice of physical exercise has been associated with beneficial effects on various pulmonary conditions. We investigated the mechanisms involved in the protective effect of exercise in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). METHODS: Mice were divided into four groups: Control (CTR), Exercise (Exe), ...
Dimitrov Stoyan S Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0804, - - 2013
Elevated blood pressure (BP) and infiltration of the vasculature by monocytes contribute to vascular pathology; but, monocyte migratory characteristics based on differing inflammatory potential under adrenergic activation remains unclear. We compared nonclassical (CD14(+)CD16(++); HLA-DR(+)), intermediate (CD14(++)CD16(+); HLA-DR(++)), and classical (CD14(++)CD16(-); HLA-DR(+/-)) monocyte trafficking and their LPS-stimulated TNF production in response ...
Peng Hsien-Te - - 2013
To investigate the effects of submaximal and vigorous isometric hip adduction on the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VL) activity during the leg press exercise from 90° of knee flexion until full extension. Experimental. University biomechanics laboratory. Ten healthy male college students. Electromyographic (EMG) activation of VMO, VL ...
Bouchard Claude - - 2011
This commentary focuses on the issues of statistical power, the usefulness of hypothesis-free approaches such as in genome-wide association explorations, the necessity of expanding the research beyond common DNA variants, the advantage of combining transcriptomics with genomics, and the complexities inherent to the search for links between genotype and phenotype ...
Wijkstra P J - - 2011
In patients with more severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the benefits of rehabilitation might not be clear and, therefore, new treatment options have been developed to increase the benefits of rehabilitation. This review provides an overview of new approaches being developed as an addition to exercise training. In turn, ...
Penna Fabio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cancer cachexia is a syndrome characterized by loss of skeletal muscle protein, depletion of lipid stores, anorexia, weakness, and perturbations of the hormonal homeostasis. Despite several therapeutic approaches described in the past, effective interventions countering cancer cachexia are still lacking. METHODS: The present work was aimed to verify the ...
Segerström Asa B - - 2011
Segerström, AB, Holmbäck, AM, Elzyri, T, Eriksson, KF, Ringsberg, K, Groop, L, Thorsson, O, and Wollmer, P. Upper body muscle strength and endurance in relation to peak exercise capacity during cycling in healthy sedentary male subjects. J Strength Cond Res 25(5): 1413-1417, 2011-The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Johnston Olwyn - - 2011
Researchers have yet to reach a consensus on the definition of excessive exercise, and many questions remain about the relationship between excessive exercise and eating disorders. Understanding of excessive exercise may be furthered by adoption of a broader, dimensional perspective. The current qualitative (grounded theory) study explored the continuum of ...
Jarvis Sara S - - 2011
Sex differences in sympathetic neural control during static exercise in humans are few and the findings are inconsistent. We hypothesized women would have an attenuated vasomotor sympathetic response to static exercise, which would be further reduced during the high sex hormone [midluteal (ML)] vs. the low hormone phase [early follicular ...
Cadore Eduardo Lusa - - 2011
Cadore, EL, Pinto, RS, Alberton, CL, Pinto, SS, Lhullier, FLR, Tartaruga, MP, Correa, CS, Almeida, APV, Silva, EM, Laitano, O, and Kruel, LFM. Neuromuscular economy, strength, and endurance in healthy elderly men. J Strength Cond Res 25(4): 997-1003, 2011-Declines in muscular strength resulting from reduced neural activity may influence the ...
Harish Thippeswamy - - 2011
Vaginismus is defined as recurrent or persistent involuntary spasm of the musculature of the outer third of the vagina, which interferes with coitus and causes distress and interpersonal difficulty. In this report, we describe the successful treatment of vaginismus in a 25-year-old lady based on a model proposed by Keith ...
Rønnestad B R - - 2011
To investigate the effects of heavy strength training on the mean power output in a 5-min all-out trial following 185 min of submaximal cycling at 44% of maximal aerobic power output in well-trained cyclists. Twenty well-trained cyclists were assigned to either usual endurance training combined with heavy strength training [E+S; n=11 ...
Beaven C Martyn - - 2011
Beaven, CM, Gill, ND, Ingram, JR, and Hopkins, WG. Acute salivary hormone responses to complex exercise bouts. J Strength Cond Res 25(4): 1072-1078, 2011-The combination of resistance and plyometric training, or complex training, may yield greater functional gains than either method alone. As steroid hormones respond to exercise stimuli and ...
Lee Sungchul - - 2011
Lee, S, Islam, MM, Rogers, ME, Kusunoki, M, Okada, A, and Takeshima, N. Effects of hydraulic-resistance exercise on strength and power in untrained healthy older adults. J Strength Cond Res 25(4): 1089-1097, 2011-The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of hydraulic-resistance exercise (HDRE) in improving strength and ...
Hoffrén Merja - - 2011
It is well documented that increasing effort during exercise is characterized by an increase in electromyographic activity of the relevant muscles. How aging influences this relationship is a matter of great interest. In the present study, nine young and 24 elderly subjects did repetitive hopping with maximal effort as well ...
Vaiksaar Sille - - 2011
Vaiksaar, S, Jürimäe, J, Mäestu, J, Purge, P, Kalytka, S, Shakhlina, L, and Jürimäe, T. No effect of menstrual cycle phase and oral contraceptive use on endurance performance in rowers. J Strength Cond Res 25(x): 000-000, 2011-The aim of this study was to examine whether variables commonly used in aerobic ...
Gomes Thiago M - - 2011
Gomes, TM, Simão, R, Marques, MC, Costa, PB, and da Silva Novaes, J. Acute effects of two different stretching methods on local muscular endurance performance. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 745-752, 2010-The purpose of this study was to assess the acute effects of the static and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) ...
Ruiz Roberto José - - 2011
Ruiz, RJ, Simão, R, Saccomani, MG, Casonatto, J, Alexander, JL, Rhea, M, and Polito, MD. Isolated and combined effects of aerobic and strength exercise on post-exercise blood pressure and cardiac vagal reactivation in normotensive men. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 640-645, 2011-The purpose of this study was to examine blood ...
Smith Adam D Harper - - 2011
Little is known about the influence of exercise on induction and elicitation phases of in-vivo immunity in humans. We used experimental contact-hypersensitivity, a clinically relevant in-vivo measure of T cell-mediated immunity, to investigate the effects of exercise on induction and elicitation phases of immune responses to a novel antigen. The ...
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