Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1200
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Rhea Matthew R - - 2009
Whole-body vibration (WBV) training has been suggested to enhance strength and power development; however, research examining such claims has been scarce and lacks consistent findings. This study examined a unique application of WBV as a preexercise for the back squat in an attempt to increase rate of force production during ...
Dagenais Liese M - - 2009
This systematic review provides a critical synthesis of research regarding the effects of electrical stimulation, exercise training, and motor skills training on muscle strength in children with meningomyelocele. Nine databases were searched using terms related to meningomyelocele and physical therapy interventions. Of 298 potentially relevant citations, six met the inclusion ...
Sakkas Giorgos K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Progressive resistance exercise training (PRT) improves physical functioning in patients with HIV infection. Creatine supplementation can augment the benefits derived from training in athletes and improve muscle function in patients with muscle wasting. The objective of this study was to determine whether creatine supplementation augments the effects of PRT ...
Bacurau Reury Frank Pereira - - 2009
Different stretching techniques have been used during warm-up routines. However, these routines may decrease force production. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effect of a ballistic and a static stretching protocol on lower-limb maximal strength. Fourteen physically active women (169.3 +/- 8.2 cm; 64.9 +/- 5.9 ...
Irvine Casey - - 2009
QUESTION: Is progressive resistance exercise a safe and effective form of exercise to improve glycaemic control in people with type 2 diabetes? DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PARTICIPANTS: People with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Intervention: Progressive resistance exercise. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was glycaemic control ...
Paulus David C - - 2009
The unloading of spaceflight leads to bone and muscle atrophy, and a pneumatic resistance squat exercise countermeasure has the potential to provide optimized controllable resistance in a lightweight and compact configuration. However each end of the barbell in the proposed device is connected to a separate resistance cylinder which could ...
Prestes Jonato - - 2009
There are few studies that have compared different periodization methods for strength and hypertrophy. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of a 12-week strength training program with different periodization models on body composition and strength levels in women ranging from 20 to 35 years of age. ...
McBride Jeffrey M - - 2009
The purpose of this investigation was to compare 4 different methods of calculating volume when comparing resistance exercise protocols of varying intensities. Ten Appalachian State University students experienced in resistance exercise completed 3 different resistance exercise protocols on different days using a randomized, crossover design, with 1 week of rest ...
Buresh Robert - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different between-set rest periods (1 and 2.5 minutes) on changes in hormone response, strength, arm cross-sectional area (CSA), thigh muscular cross-sectional area (MCSA), and body composition during a 10-week training period. Twelve untrained males (24.8 +/- 5.9 years) engaged ...
Fiotti N - - 2009
Remodeling of skeletal muscles is regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Functional genetic polymorphism (PM), modulating the expression of some MMPs, might be associated to different body composition and muscular strength improvement after exercise. Genetic PM of MMP-1 (G+/- at -1607), MMP-3 (5A/6A at -1171) and MMP-9 (Cytosine-Adenine microsatellite=(13-27)CA) repeats, around ...
Strasser Barbara - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with loss in both muscle mass and the metabolic quality of skeletal muscle. A major part of these changes is associated with an age-related decrease in the level of physical activity and may be counteracted by endurance training (ET) and resistance training (RT). OBJECTIVE: Since both ...
Lovell Dale I - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine if 16 weeks of strength training can improve the cardiovascular function of older men during submaximum aerobic exercise. METHODS: Twenty four men aged 70-80 yr were randomly assigned to a strength training (ST; n = 12) and control group (C; n = 12). Training consisted of 3 ...
Simon Ann M - - 2009
We tested a novel control strategy for robotic rehabilitation devices used by individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis. Symmetry-based resistance increases resistance when limb forces become more asymmetric during bilateral exercise. The underlying rationales for the control mode are that it will guide patients to increase paretic limb activation while teaching them ...
Mercer Vicki S - - 2009
Persons with lower extremity weakness following stroke often demonstrate difficulty with weight transfer and paretic lower extremity loading. These deficits, in turn, can lead to problems with lateral stability, or the ability to control movement of the center of mass in the frontal plane. The primary aim of this study ...
Misic Mark M - - 2009
The importance of maintaining strength in older adults is well documented and various training modalities have been recommended; however, the effectiveness of various interventions with high translation to public health practice has not been completely characterized. Additionally, the interrelations among mode, strength, and lower extremity physical function (LEPF) changes in ...
Zak Marek - - 2009
Consistently swelling proportion of the frail elderly within a modern society challenges the overstrained public health sector to provide both adequate medical care and comprehensive assistance in their multiple functional deficits of daily living. Easy-to-apply and task-specific ways of addressing this issue are being sought out, with a view to ...
McCaulley Grant O - - 2009
The purpose of the current study was to determine the acute neuroendocrine response to hypertrophy (H), strength (S), and power (P) type resistance exercise (RE) equated for total volume. Ten male subjects completed three RE protocols and a rest day (R) using a randomized cross-over design. The protocols included (1) ...
Nakamura Yoichi - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether strength or recreational activities are a useful addition to aerobic training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thirty-three patients with moderate to severe COPD were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of aerobic combined with strength training (AERO+ST) or combined ...
Alexander Jeffrey L - - 2008
Objective: This comparison study examined strength and functional fitness (FF) outcomes between 2 single-set resistance training (SSRT) studies of differing intensity progressions (rapid progression [RP] versus delayed progression [DP]) among elderly pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) patients to determine if there is a threshold effect for training intensity. Methods: Twenty PR patients ...
Stenevi-Lundgren Susanna - - 2009
This 12-month prospective controlled intervention evaluated the effect of a general school based physical activity program on muscle strength, physical performance and body composition in prepubertal girls. Fifty-three girls aged 7-9 years involved in a school based exercise program [40 min/day of general physical activity per school day (200 min/week)] ...
Prokopy Max P - - 2008
Closed-kinetic chain resistance training (CKCRT) of the lower body is superior to open-kinetic chain resistance training (OKCRT) to improve performance parameters (e.g., vertical jump), but the effects of upper-body CKCRT on throwing performance remain unknown. This study compared shoulder strength, power, and throwing velocity changes in athletes training the upper ...
Clark Heather M - - 2008
Strengthening of the articulators is commonly used to help children improve sound production accuracy, even though the relationship between weakness and speech function remains unclear. Clinicians considering the use of strength training must weigh both the theoretical foundations and the evidence supporting this practice. Widely accepted principles of strength training ...
Markovic Goran - - 2008
This study investigated the acute effects of upper-body maximal dynamic contractions on maximal throwing speed with 0.55- and 4-kg medicine balls. It was hypothesized that heavy preloading would transiently improve throwing performance only when overcoming the heavier of the two loads. Twenty-three male volunteers were randomly allocated into experimental (n ...
Machek Michael A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a resistance-training program on athletes with intellectual disabilities (ID). DESIGN/PARTICIPANTS: 2-way (2 x 2), repeated-measures analysis of variance on 2 groups (males and females); 30 Special Olympics (SO) athletes, age 16-22 (16 males, 14 females). INTERVENTION/OUTCOME MEASURES: Resistance training, twice per week, for 3 ...
Crewther Blair T - - 2008
This study examined the effect of volume, technique, and load upon single-repetition and total-repetition kinematics and kinetics during three loading schemes. Eleven recreationally trained males each performed a power (8 sets of 6 repetitions at 45% of one-repetition maximum [1RM], 3-minute rest periods, explosive and ballistic movements), hypertrophy (10 sets ...
Ebben William P - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a linear relationship between the squat and a variety of quadriceps resistance training exercises for the purpose of creating prediction equations for the determination of quadriceps exercise loads based on the squat load. Six-repetition maximums (RMs) of the squat, ...
Colado Juan C - - 2008
The aims of this study were (i) to check whether monitoring of both the rhythm of execution and the perceived effort is a valid tool for reproducing the same intensity of effort in different sets of the same aquatic resistance exercise (ARE) and (ii) to assess whether this method allows ...
Tarnopolsky Mark A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate the evidence for dietary recommendations in older adult athletes. DESIGN:: Interpretive review of the literature. RESULTS:: Regarding resistance training, a protein intake of slightly more than 0.8 g/kg/d is required to optimize gains in muscle strength. The early provision of protein and carbohydrate following a weight training ...
Harris Nigel K - - 2008
Training at a load maximizing power output (Pmax) is an intuitively appealing strategy for enhancement of performance that has received little research attention. In this study we identified each subject's Pmax for an isoinertial resistance training exercise used for testing and training, and then we related the changes in strength ...
Knight Christopher A - - 2008
A sample of 20 older adults (76 +/- 6 years) participated in a two-session training intervention with the goal of eliciting rapid and functionally meaningful strength gains in the ankle plantarflexors. Tests were conducted on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday schedule with two training sessions after tests one and two. During each test, ...
Franco Bruno L - - 2008
This study aims to evaluate the acute effects of different stretching exercises on muscular endurance in men, in terms of the number of sets, set duration, and type of stretching. Two experiments were conducted; in the first one (E1), the subjects (n = 19) were evaluated to test the effect ...
Tanimoto Michiya - - 2008
Our previous study showed that relatively low-intensity (approximately 50% one-repetition maximum [1RM]) resistance training (knee extension) with slow movement and tonic force generation (LST) caused as significant an increase in muscular size and strength as high-intensity (approximately 80% 1RM) resistance training with normal speed (HN). However, that study examined only ...
Dunnink M A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Since available studies have provided conflicting results, this study investigated respiratory muscle function and its relationship with exercise capacity, degree of dyspnoea and leg discomfort, and quality of life in patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 27 clinically stable adolescent and adult patients (f/m: 14/13, ...
Shim Jae Kun - - 2008
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of finger strength training (ST) on finger strength, independence, force control, and adaptations in multifinger coordination. Thirty-three healthy, young (23.0+/-2.9 years) subjects were randomly assigned into 4 groups. Group 1 (G1) trained all fingers together, Group 2 (G2) trained ...
Hjerppe Jenni - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Zirconia ceramics for frameworks of fixed partial dentures can be color shaded to better match the shade of veneering porcelain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of color shading the green-stage zirconia ceramic on some mechanical properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Zirconia disks (diameter 19 mm, ...
de Vos Nathan J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of training intensity on the contributions of force and velocity to improvements in peak power (PP) after explosive resistance training in older adults. METHODS: 112 healthy older adults (69 +/- 6 yr) were randomized to explosive resistance training at 20% (G20), 50% (G50), or 80% ...
Newman, Mark A
Objective: The purpose of this investigation is to examine the association of genetic variations in 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the AKT1 gene and 3 SNPs of the AMPKá2 gene with percent change in lean muscle mass, arm mass-adjusted strength, and leg mass-adjusted strength following a resistance exercise training ...
Colado Juan C - - 2008
This study was designed to determine whether different effects on functional capacity and body composition were produced by using different devices (elastic bands (EBs) versus weight machines (WMs)) with the same resistance training program. Forty-five healthy sedentary middle-aged women volunteers were chosen and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: ...
Beck Travis W - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to examine the acute effects of a caffeine-containing supplement (SUPP) on one-repetition maximum (1-RM) bench press strength and time to running exhaustion (TRE) at a velocity that corresponded to 85% of the peak oxygen uptake ([latin capital V with dot above]O2peak). The study ...
Mayhew Jerry L - - 2008
Repetitions to fatigue (RTF) using less than a 1 repetition maximum (1RM) load (RepWt) have been shown to be a good predictor of 1RM strength in men, but such information is scarce in women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of current prediction equations to estimate ...
Hart Cady E F - - 2008
Exercise training programs can increase strength and improve submaximal force control, but the effects of yoga as an alternative form of steadiness training are not well described. The purpose was to explore the effect of a popular type of yoga (Bikram) on strength, steadiness, and balance. Young adults performed yoga ...
Marzolini Susan - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare resistance training (RT) (one set vs three sets) combined with aerobic training (AT) versus AT alone in persons with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Subjects (n = 72) were randomized to AT (5 d x wk(-1)) or combined AT (3 d x ...
Rønningen Aud - - 2008
The aim of this study was to test the effect of an intensive hand exercise programme in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Designed as a clinical controlled trial, the first 30 participants received a conservative exercise programme (CEP), while the next 30 received an intensive exercise programme (IEP). Outcomes were ...
Hakkinen A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of isometric neck strength exercises on upper cervical stability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Twenty patients with a mean (SD) age of 58 (9) years and duration of RA of 27 (10) years volunteered for the study. Lateral radiographs of the cervical spine ...
Blazevich Anthony J - - 2008
This study examined the effects of slow-speed resistance training involving concentric (CON, n = 10) versus eccentric (ECC, n = 11) single-joint muscle contractions on contractile rate of force development (RFD) and neuromuscular activity (EMG), and its maintenance through detraining. Isokinetic knee extension training was performed 3 x week(-1) for ...
Davis W Jackson - - 2008
We evaluated the effects of concurrent strength and aerobic endurance training on muscle strength and endurance, body composition, and flexibility in female college athletes and compared two concurrent exercise (CE) protocols. Twenty-eight women (mean age, 19.6 years) were divided into two matched groups and evaluated before and after a vigorous, ...
Sawyer K - - 2008
Exhaled breath collection is used to identify and monitor inflammatory or oxidative components in breath. Exhaled breath sample collection is noninvasive and would greatly benefit human pollutant exposure research. We demonstrate the efficacy of exhaled breath collection and analysis in two human exposure studies to ozone (O(3)) and diesel exhaust, ...
Taylor J David - - 2008
Previous research indicates that the Internet, electronic mail (e-mail), and printed materials can be used to deliver interventions to improve physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes. However, no studies have been conducted investigating the effect of e-mail or print delivery of an exercise program on muscular strength and ...
Barry Peter James - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is well established that muscle strength and exercise capacity are impaired in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). Numerous factors have been implicated in this process including nutritional factors, disuse, and corticosteroid use. It is also known that serum testosterone levels are frequently low in adolescent male patients with ...
Olafsdottir Halla B - - 2008
We investigated the effect of 6 wk of strength training on maximal pressing (MVC) force, indexes of finger individuation (enslaving), and performance in accurate force production tests and in functional hand tests in healthy, physically fit, elderly individuals. Twelve participants (average age 76 yr) exercised with both hands. One of ...
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