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Results 101 - 150 of 1203
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Yoshimori Darlene Yuri - - 2010
To study cardiovascular behavior and safety regarding a low-intensity exercise program for heart transplant candidates with severe heart failure. Twenty-one patients with severe heart failure on the transplant list of the UNIFESP university hospital (Brazil) were studied. Following evaluation, the patients were monitored during an exercise program with six progressive ...
de Souza Tácito P TP - - 2010
Most resistance training programs use constant rest period lengths between sets and exercises, but some programs use decreasing rest period lengths as training progresses. The aim of this study was to compare the effect on strength and hypertrophy of 8 weeks of resistance training using constant rest intervals (CIs) and ...
Jørgensen Marie B - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate if different types, body positions, and levels of progression of functional coordination exercises can provide sufficiently high levels of muscle activity to improve strength of the neck, shoulder, and trunk muscles. Nine untrained women were familiarized with 7 functional coordination exercises 12 ...
Burke Thomaz Nogueira - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of an exercise program aiming to improve balance and muscular strength, for postural control and muscular strength of women with osteoporosis. DESIGN: Sample consisted of 33 women with osteoporosis, randomized into one of two groups: intervention group, in which exercises for balance and improvement of ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2010
We evaluated the effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) during dynamic exercises over 14 weeks on anthropometric, physiological, and muscular parameters in postmenopausal women. Thirty women (64.5 +/- 5.5 years) with experience in physical training (>3 years) were randomly assigned either to a control group (CON, n = 15) that maintained ...
Mann J Bryan - - 2010
Autoregulatory progressive resistance exercise (APRE) is a method by which athletes increase strength by progressing at their own pace based on daily and weekly variations in performance, unlike traditional linear periodization (LP), where there is a set increase in intensity from week to week. This study examined whether 6 weeks ...
Credeur Daniel P DP Department of Kinesiology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that resistance training with restricted venous blood flow (Kaatsu) results in significant strength gains and muscle hypertrophy. However, few studies have examined the concurrent vascular responses following restrictive venous blood flow training protocols. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 4 wk ...
Dong Jie J Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2372, - - 2011
Resistance exercise combined with intradialytic oral nutrition (IDON) supplementation improves net protein balance in the acute setting in chronic hemodialysis patients. We hypothesized that combination of long-term resistance exercise and IDON would improve markers of muscle mass and strength further compared with IDON alone. Thirty-two participants (21 male; mean age, ...
Spiliopoulou S I - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a vibration training protocol and a conventional strength training program consisting of similar exercises on knee extensors and flexors strength and postural sway in middle-aged women. 38 women were randomly assigned into a Vibration Group (n=12, static and dynamic ...
Arbane Gill - - 2011
Deterioration in exercise tolerance and impairment in quality of life (QoL) are common consequences of lobectomy. This study evaluates additional exercise and strength training after lung resection on QoL, exercise tolerance and muscle strength. Fifty-three (28 male) patients attending thoracotomy for lung cancer, mean age, range 64 (32-82) years; mean ...
Cook Summer B - - 2010
This study evaluated the effectiveness of low-load resistance training with a blood flow restriction (LL(BFR)) to attenuate muscle loss and weakness after 30 days of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS). Sixteen subjects (ages 18-50 yr) underwent 30 days of ULLS. Measurements of muscle strength, cross-sectional area, and endurance on the ...
Lebon Florent - - 2010
It is well established that motor imagery (MI) improves motor performance and motor learning efficiently. Previous studies provided evidence that muscle strength may benefit from MI training, mainly when movements are under the control of large cortical areas in the primary motor cortex. The purpose of this experiment is to ...
Holviala Jarkko - - 2010
The present study examined the effects of twice weekly total body strength training (ST), endurance cycling (ET), and combined ST and ET (2+2 times a week) (SET) training on the load carrying walking test performance on the treadmill (TM) and changes in neuromuscular and endurance performance during a 21-week training ...
Marshall Paul W M - - 2010
Although there is now some evidence examining the use of a Swiss ball during core stability and resistance exercises, this has commonly been performed using basic or isometric exercises. There is currently no evidence examining more advanced Swiss ball exercises. The purpose of this study was to determine whether or ...
Iglesias Eliseo - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of exercise type, set configuration, and relative intensity load on relationship between 1 repetition maximum (1RM) and maximum number of repetitions (MNR). Thirteen male subjects, experienced in resistance training, were tested in bench press and biceps curl for 1RM, MNR ...
Hayes Lawrence D - - 2010
Diurnal variation of sports performance usually peaks in the late afternoon, coinciding with increased body temperature. This circadian pattern of performance may be explained by the effect of increased core temperature on peripheral mechanisms, as neural drive does not appear to exhibit nycthemeral variation. This typical diurnal regularity has been ...
Judge Lawrence W - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of training sessions, involving high-resistance, low-repetition bench press exercise, on strength recovery patterns, as a function of gender and training background. METHODS: The subjects were 12 athletes (6 males and 6 females) and age-matched college students of both genders (4 males and 4 females). The ...
Lester Mark E - - 2010
This investigation evaluated the effects of a 13-month deployment to Iraq on body composition and selected fitness measures. Seventy-three combat arms soldiers were measured pre- and postdeployment. Body composition was assessed by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Strength was measured by single repetition maximum (1-RM) lifts on bench press and squat. ...
Izquierdo-Gabarren Mikel - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of 8 wk of resistance training to failure versus not to failure training regimens at both moderate and low volumes for increasing upper-body strength and power as well as cardiovascular parameters into a combined resistance and endurance periodized training ...
García-Pallarés Jesús - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study analyzed changes in neuromuscular, body composition, and endurance markers during 4 wk of tapering and subsequent 5 wk of reduced training (RT) or training cessation (TC). METHODS: Fourteen world-class kayakers were randomly assigned to either a TC (n = 7) or an RT group (n = 7). ...
Miranda Humberto - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare repetition performance when resting 1 minute vs. 3 minutes between sets and exercises for an upper-body workout performed in 2 different sequences. Sixteen recreationally trained men completed 4 experimental resistance exercise sessions. All sessions consisted of 3 sets with an 8-repetition maximum ...
Ng Shamay - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the contribution of balance ability, muscle strength, and exercise endurance to performance in the timed-sit-to-stand test among chronic hemiparetic subjects. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with 68 community-dwelling stroke survivors. RESULTS: By using Pearson correlation coefficient, the five-times-sit-to-stand (FTSTS) test scores showed the highest negative correlation with Berg ...
Ismail Manal M MM Cairo University, Orthopedic Physical Therapy, Bin el Sarayat, Cairo University, Cairo, 12613, Egypt. - - 2010
Plyometric training is a widely used method to improve performance in healthy athletes. It is highly recommended in the late stage of rehabilitation of many lower limb injuries. However, its effects on muscle strength and function in management of lateral ankle sprain have not been reported. Therefore, the objective of ...
von Stengel S - - 2012
We examined whether the effect of multipurpose exercise can be enhanced by whole-body vibration (WBV). One hundred and fifty-one post-menopausal women (68.5±3.1 years) were randomly assigned to three groups: (1) a training group (TG); (2) training including vibration (VTG); and (3) a wellness control group (CG). TG and VTG performed the ...
Stöggl T - - 2011
To determine relationships between general strength, maximal skiing speed (V(max) ), pole and leg kinetics and kinematics, 16 male elite skiers underwent three V(max) tests in double poling, diagonal stride and V2 on a treadmill. The analyzed skiing speeds and leg and arm kinetics were among the highest ever recorded. ...
Ahmedov Shahin - - 2010
Acupuncture is one of the most popular alternative methods applied in Western medical practice. In addition to its curative properties in various chronic conditions, demonstrated by the number of clinical trials, acupuncture has been recently applied as an enhancer of sports performance. Reviewed studies of published literature on the use ...
Robbins Daniel W - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the acute effects of performing paired set (PS) vs. traditional set (TS) training over 3 consecutive sets on volume load (VL) and electromyographic (EMG) activity of the pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, latissimus dorsi, and trapezius muscles. Following a familiarization session 16 trained ...
Pérez-Guisado Joaquín - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of a single dose of citrulline malate (CM) on the performance of flat barbell bench presses as an anaerobic exercise and in terms of decreasing muscle soreness after exercise. Forty-one men performed 2 consecutive pectoral training session protocols (16 ...
Swank Ann M - - 2010
The hallmark characteristic of chronic heart failure (CHF) is exercise intolerance. This study evaluated a combined exercise program that would be consistent with current cardiac rehabilitation guidelines. The program consisted of progressive resistance training (intensity progressing from 50 to 80% maximum) and aerobic conditioning (70% of heart rate reserve). Outcomes ...
Bennell Kim - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of vastus medialis oblique (VMO) motor control retraining (MCR) and quadriceps strengthening (QS) exercises on the onset timing of the medial (VMO) and lateral (vastus lateralis, VL) quadriceps muscle. METHODS: This single-blind randomized controlled trial involved 60 currently pain-free individuals with a history of anterior ...
Martins Raul A RA Research Centre for Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, - - 2010
Increased levels of inflammatory markers, namely, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), have been associated with several chronic diseases including atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes and hypertension. Forty-five women and men aged >64 years participated in the study and were randomly assigned to two exercise intervention groups and a non-exercising control group. The ...
Onambélé-Pearson Gladys Leopoldine - - 2010
Long-term adherence to training programmes is difficult to attain. Yet, the benefits of exercise to general health and well-being are undeniable. Any measure to demonstrate the minimum required exercise for maximal benefit to a person is a promising avenue towards increasing the uptake and adherence to physical activity for the ...
Peterson Mark D - - 2010
The effectiveness of resistance exercise for strength improvement among aging persons is inconsistent across investigations, and there is a lack of research synthesis for multiple strength outcomes. The systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. A meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effect ...
Kalapotharakos Vasilios I - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited data exist on the effects of resistance training and detraining on functional performance in very old adults aged >80 years. First, to determine the effects of an 8-week resistance exercise program on muscle strength and functional performance in very old men. Second, to examine the effect ...
Krieger James W - - 2010
Previous meta-analyses have compared the effects of single to multiple sets on strength, but analyses on muscle hypertrophy are lacking. The purpose of this study was to use multilevel meta-regression to compare the effects of single and multiple sets per exercise on muscle hypertrophy. The analysis comprised 55 effect sizes ...
Lynch Stephanie S - - 2010
To examine the correction of posture, increase in strength and decrease in shoulder pain and dysfunction in varsity swimmers. Randomised clinical trial. Twenty-eight National Collegiate Athletic Association division I varsity swimmers. Two testing sessions were conducted before and after an 8-week time period. Posture, strength and shoulder pain and function ...
Netto Kevin - - 2010
To determine the level of neck strength decrement and the rate of strength recovery of the neck muscles after a single bout of specific neck conditioning exercise in both males and females. A decrement in neck strength may be evident after a bout of strengthening exercise. Intervention study with pre-and-post ...
Clark B C - - 2010
This study evaluated the effect of 4 weeks of low-load resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (BFRE) on increasing strength in comparison with high-load resistance exercise (HLE), and assessed changes in blood, vascular and neural function. Healthy adults performed leg extension BFRE or HLE 3 days/week at 30% and 80% ...
Jones Margaret T - - 2010
Examination of the relationship between performance testing and psychological measures before and after a 12-week strength and conditioning program was the study's purpose. Female NCAA Division-III soccer (n = 28), field hockey (n = 28), and softball (n = 19) athletes completed pre- and post-testing held 12 weeks apart. On ...
Tamse Tiffany R - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a moderate intensity resistance training program on Special Olympic athletes (SOAs) and similarly aged typically developed volunteers (TDs) who also served as coaches. Fifteen SOAs and 17 TDs participated (age range 19-24 years). The intervention consisted of resistance training: ...
Willardson Jeffrey M - - 2010
When performing consecutive sets of a resistance exercise, maintaining performance within a specified repetition range has been shown to be essential for achieving muscular adaptations conducive to different training goals. However, maintaining repetition performance can be difficult when using shorter rest intervals between sets (i.e., < or = 1 min), ...
Stock Matt S - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to examine the linearity and reliability of the mechanomyographic (MMG) amplitude versus concentric dynamic constant external resistance (DCER) relationships for the bench press exercise. Twenty-one resistance-trained men (mean +/- SD age = 23.5 +/- 2.7 yr; 1 repetition maximum [1RM] bench press = ...
Gentil Paulo - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to compare the changes in muscle strength in nontrained young males performing resistance training under different supervision ratios. One hundred twenty-four young men were randomly assigned to groups trained under a high (HS, 1:5 coach to athlete ratio) or low (LS, 1:25) supervision ...
González-Badillo J J - - 2010
This study examined the possibility of using movement velocity as an indicator of relative load in the bench press (BP) exercise. One hundred and twenty strength-trained males performed a test (T1) with increasing loads for the individual determination of the one-repetition maximum (1RM) and full load-velocity profile. Fifty-six subjects performed ...
Madarame Haruhiko - - 2010
Recent studies have demonstrated that even a low-intensity resistance exercise can effectively induce muscle hypertrophy and strength increase when combined with moderate blood flow restriction (BFR) into the exercising muscle. Although serious side effects of low-intensity resistance exercise with BFR have not been reported, a concern of thrombosis has been ...
Scholtes Vanessa A - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of functional progressive resistance exercise (PRE) strength training on muscle strength and mobility in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Fifty-one children with spastic uni- and bilateral CP; (29 males, 22 females; mean age 10 y 5 mo, SD 1 y 10 mo, range 6 ...
Lovell Dale I - - 2010
This study examined the effect of strength training (ST) and short-term detraining on maximum force and rate of force development (RFD) in previously sedentary, healthy older men. Twenty-four older men (70-80 years) were randomly assigned to a ST group (n = 12) and C group (control, n = 12). Training ...
Larose Joanie - - 2010
Few studies have compared changes in cardiorespiratory fitness between aerobic training only or in combination with resistance training. Additionally, no study to date has compared strength gains between resistance training and combined exercise training in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PURPOSE:: We evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise training (A), ...
Andersen Lars L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: High-intensity resistance training plays an essential role in the prevention and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal injuries and disorders. Although resistance exercises with heavy weights yield high levels of muscle activation, the efficacy of more user-friendly forms of exercise needs to be examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to ...
Pastor Donna - - 2010
Current literature offers little research on the restoration of function in patients following anterior decompression surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. This case report describes the functional outcomes for a physical therapy program using a protocol of alternate day electrical stimulation to hip and knee extensor muscles along with exercise. The ...
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