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Results 51 - 100 of 1203
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Alberty Morgan R - - 2011
Alberty, MR, Potdevin, FP, Dekerle, J, Pelayo, PP, and Sidney, MC. Effect of stroke rate reduction on swimming technique during paced exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(2): 392-397, 2011-The purpose of this study is to analyze the acute adaptations of motor organization subsequent to a reduction in spontaneous stroke rate ...
Miarka Bianca - - 2011
Miarka, B, Del Vecchio, FB, and Franchini, E. Acute effects and postactivation potentiation in the special judo fitness test. J Strength Cond Res 25(2): 427-431, 2011-The purpose of this study was to compare the acute short-term effects of () plyometric exercise, () combined strength and plyometric exercise (contrast), and () ...
Lenti Mauro - - 2011
Lenti, M, De Vito, G, Scotto di Palumbo A, Sbriccoli, P, Quattrini, FM, and Sacchetti, M. Effects of aging and training status on ventilatory response during incremental cycling exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-The aim of this study was to examine the effect of aging and training status ...
Barden John M - - 2011
The main aim of this study was to determine the absolute temporal relationship between the power and recovery phases of the stroke cycle in front crawl swimming in response to progressive changes in exercise intensity that occurred before and after critical speed. A second objective was to determine whether intensity-related ...
Hooper Ann E Caldwell - - 2011
Increasing cardiovascular fitness through exercise participation among sedentary people is important for decreasing all-cause mortality. From an intervention perspective, identifying modifiable factors that maximize the successful initiation of exercise is of utmost importance. For women, cyclic hormonal variations can influence aspects of health and health behaviors, from smoking cessation efficacy ...
Ives Stephen J - - 2011
Estradiol (E(2)) has been documented to have anti-inflammatory effects on the immune system. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), is classified as a "myokine", and has known metabolic consequences. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of menstrual phase and exercise on the interaction of E(2) and IL-6, and the ...
Bouchla Anthi - - 2011
The loss of lean muscle mass and muscle strength is a common problem in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. Endurance training is efficient in improving patient exercise capacity. This study sought to evaluate the additional effects of strength training on muscle strength and body composition in chf patients participating in ...
Leonardi Giorgio - - 2011
Computer-based approaches can add great value to the traditional paper-based approaches for cognitive rehabilitation. The management of a big amount of stimuli and the use of multimedia features permits to improve the patient's involvement and to reuse and recombine them to create new exercises, whose difficulty level should be adapted ...
Murray-Rust Peter - - 2011
The articles in this special issue represent the culmination of about 15 years working with the potential of the web to support chemical and related subjects. The selection of papers arises from a symposium held in January 2011 ('Visions of a Semantic Molecular Future') which gave me an opportunity to ...
Johnson M A - - 2010
The aim of this investigation was to use a validated lactate minimum test protocol and evaluate whether blood lactate responses and the lactate minimum power are influenced by the starting power (study 1) and 1 min inter-stage rest intervals (study 2) during the incremental phase. Study 1: 8 subjects performed ...
Reyes G F Cisco - - 2010
The purposes for this study were to investigate effects of acute whole-body vibration (WBV) exposure and exercise order on bat speed and to examine relationship between muscular strength and bat speed. All participants were recreationally trained men (n = 16; 22 ± 2 years; 181.4 ± 7.4 cm; 84.7 ± ...
Martin Ginis Kathleen A - - 2010
The limited strength model posits that self-regulatory strength is a finite, renewable resource that is drained when people attempt to regulate their emotions, thoughts or behaviours. The purpose of this study was to determine whether self-regulatory depletion can explain lapses in exercise effort, planning and adherence. In a lab-based experiment, ...
Feiereisen Patrick - - 2010
Reduction in exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) has been partially attributed to decreased muscle strength. Training studies reported important variations in strength increases during rehabilitation, ranging between 5% and 70% and depending on the measurement technique: isokinetic dynamometry or the one-repetition maximum (1RM) methods. Therefore, the ...
Cheng C F - - 2010
This study was to investigate the effects of vibration exercise on the oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate variability (HRV) during the recovery phase after exhaustive exercise. Twenty male college students volunteered as subjects to participate in the study. The subjects were randomly crossover assigned to perform three 10 min ...
Da Silva-Grigoletto Marzo E - - 2010
The addition of fructose (F) to a glucose (G) supplement may modify the metabolic response during exercise; however, its effect on perceived exertion (PE) and its influence on postprandial metabolism have not been jointly studied in different types of exercise. This study sought to assess the acute effects of F ...
Vaiksaar Sille - - 2011
The aim of this investigation was to examine the effects of menstrual cycle phase on substrate oxidation and lactate concentration during exercise. Eleven eumenorrheic female rowers (18.4 ± 1.9 years; 172.0 ± 4.0 cm; 67.2 ± 8.4 kg; 27.7 ± 4.8% body fat) completed 1 h rowing ergometer exercise at 70% of maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2max)) during two different phases of the ...
Wong Del P del - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between squat loads and 2 bilateral and 2 unilateral stepping lower-body exercises in predominantly unilateral movement elite athletes (Karate). Equations to predict loads for lower-body exercises based on the squat load were also determined. Fourteen male elite Karate athletes (age ...
Ciolac Emmanuel G - - 2010
It has been recommended that the intensity of exercise training (ET) should progress slowly with lower increments in older than in young people. However, scientific evidence supporting this recommendation is lacking. Our aim was to examine possible influences of age on exercise intensity progression in healthy women. Seventeen young (29.1 ...
Szymanski David J - - 2010
The purpose of this article was to investigate the relation between anthropometric and physiological variables to linear bat swing velocity (BV) of 2 groups of high-school baseball players before and after completing a 12-week periodized resistance exercise program. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 training groups using a ...
Sekendiz Betül - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Swiss-ball core strength training on trunk extensor (abdominal)/flexor (lower back) and lower limb extensor (quadriceps)/flexor (hamstring) muscular strength, abdominal, lower back and leg endurance, flexibility and dynamic balance in sedentary women (n = 21; age = 34 ± 8.09; ...
Spineti Juliano - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of exercise order on strength and muscle volume (MV) after 12 weeks of nonlinear periodized resistance training. The participants were randomly assigned into 3 groups. One group began performing large muscle group exercises and progressed to small muscle group exercises ...
Lyons Thomas S - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between 1-repetition maximum (1RM) performed on hammer strength (HS) machines compared to free weights (FWs) and also to develop regression equations that can accurately predict 1RM when switching from exercise modality to another. Thirty-one trained male subjects performed ...
Caruso John F - - 2010
An inertial kinetic exercise (IKE, Oconomowoc, WI, USA) machine was created that permits high-velocity workouts suited for injury rehabilitation and speed development in athletes. In addition, its design does not entail the movement of resistance against Earth's gravitational pull. Thus, the design and operation associated with the IKE may be ...
Graef Fabiane I - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of a program of resistance training in water-based exercises (RWE) with those of a program without resistance control in water-based exercises (WEs). Twenty-seven women (aged 60-74 years) were randomly assigned to the RWE group (n = 10), WE group ...
Stevenson Mark W - - 2010
The use of elastic bands in resistance training has been reported to be effective in increasing performance-related parameters such as power, rate of force development (RFD), and velocity. The purpose of this study was to assess the following measures during the free-weight back squat exercise with and without elastic bands: ...
McKean Mark R - - 2010
An essential exercise for strength training of the lower limbs is the squat exercise. During this exercise, changes in lumbar lordosis are commonly used to indicate when the descent of the squat should cease, yet the behavior of the lumbar-scarum segments remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to ...
Robbins Daniel W - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the acute effects on volume load (VL) (load × repetitions) of performing paired set (PS) vs. traditional set (TS) training over 3 consecutive sets. After a familiarization session 16 trained men performed 2 testing protocols using 4 repetition maximum loads: TS (3 ...
Oates Bryan R - - 2010
We determined the effectiveness of low-volume resistance exercise (EX) for the attenuation of loss of muscle mass and strength during leg immobilization. Men (N = 5) and women (N = 12, age 24 ± 5 years, body mass index 25.4 ± 3.6 kg/m(2)) were divided into two groups: exercise (EX; ...
Thorborg K - - 2010
The side-lying hip abduction exercise is one of the most commonly used exercises in rehabilitation to increase hip abduction strength, and is often performed without external loading. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 6 weeks of side-lying hip abduction training, with and without external loading, ...
McGuigan Michael R - - 2010
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationships between measures of maximal isometric force (peak force [PF]), rate of force development (RFD), vertical jump performance (VJ) and 1-repetition maximum (1RM) strength in recreationally trained men. The subjects in this study were 26 men ([mean +/- SD]: age 22 ...
Cakir-Atabek Hayriye - - 2010
The purposes of this study were (a) to determine whether acute resistance exercise training (RET) induces oxidative stress, (b) to determine whether chronic RET decreases oxidative stress level at rest condition in previously untrained men, and (c) also to investigate how the RET intensity influences the training-induced oxidative stress response. ...
Marín Pedro J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of different vibration magnitudes via feet on the number of repetitions performed, mean velocity, and perceived exertion during a set of elbow-extension exercise to failure (70% 1 repetition maximum [1RM] load). Twenty recreationally active students (14 men and 6 women) ...
Hermassi Souhail - - 2010
The aim was to compare the effect of 2 differing 10-week resistance training programs on the peak power (PP) output, muscle volume, strength, and throwing velocity of the upper limbs in handball players during the competitive season. The subjects were 26 men (age 20.0 +/- 0.6 years, body mass 85.0 ...
Turk Zmago - - 2010
Regular exercise training improves overall physical fitness and quality of life in postmenopausal women. The exigent training frequency depends on a user-specified training aim. The aim of this study was to confirm the benefits of regular once a week exercise training for the maintenance of fitness in postmenopausal women. The ...
Hiruntrakul Ashira - - 2010
To investigate the effects of moderate-intensity and low frequency exercise on resting serum testosterone and cortisol levels, resting heart rate, and isokinetic strength among healthy sedentary young men. A randomized controlled study. Forty sedentary young men aged 18 to 25 years old, pedaled 50 minutes on a bicycle ergometry at ...
Chiu Loren Z F - - 2010
Weightlifting training and competition involves lifting a revolving shaft bar loaded with weights. The design of a bar and the location of the weights result in bar deformation during lifting tasks. Because there are many manufacturers of weightlifting bars, the actual deformation of a bar may vary, depending on the ...
García-López David - - 2010
This study aimed to investigate the role of elastic resistance (ER) applied "in series" to a pulley-cable (PC) machine on the number of repetitions performed, kinematics parameters, and perceived exertion during a biceps-curl set to failure with a submaximal load (70% of the 1 repetition maximum). Twenty-one undergraduate students (17 ...
Trzaskoma Lukasz - - 2010
The aim of the study was to compare the effect of combined weight and pendulum training exercises with those isolated ones on muscle strength and vertical jump performance. A total of 38 young active men were divided into 4 groups performing different combinations of strength and power training and measured ...
Rønnestad Bent R - - 2010
We investigated the effects of strength maintenance training on thigh muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), leg strength, determinants of cycling performance, and cycling performance. Well-trained cyclists completed either (1) usual endurance training supplemented with heavy strength training twice a week during a 12-week preparatory period followed by strength maintenance training once ...
Colado J C - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess effects of a short-term resistance program on strength in fit young women using weight machines/free weights or elastic tubing. 42 physically fit women (21.79±0.7 years) were randomly assigned to the following groups: (i) the Thera-Band (®) Exercise Station Group (TBG); (ii) the ...
Speed C A - - 2012
In a progressive resistive strengthening programme, healthy individuals gain strength initially through neural adaptation followed by increases in muscle mass. Programmes are designed to maximise these responses. The physiological mechanisms of strength gain in RA are unknown, but their identification will help to develop more effective exercise programmes. The aim ...
Dalgas U U Department of Sport Science, University of Aarhus, Denmark. - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that lower body progressive resistance training (PRT) leads to an increase of the muscle fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) and a shift in the proportion of fiber types in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The present study was a two-arm, randomized controlled trial (RCT). Thirty-eight MS patients ...
Da Silva Rodrigo Lavinas - - 2010
Although many studies have demonstrated the efficacy of strength training in increasing energetic expenditure (EE) both during and after training sessions, there are no studies available that analyze the influence on EE of the order in which exercises are performed. Accordingly, the objective of this study was to verify whether ...
Larose Joanie - - 2010
Few studies have compared changes in cardiorespiratory fitness between aerobic training only or in combination with resistance training. In addition, no study to date has compared strength gains between resistance training and combined exercise training in type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise training ...
Tiggemann Carlos L - - 2010
The aim was to analyze the relationship between the perceived exertion (PE) and different loads in strength exercises (SEs), in sedentary, active, and trained adult subjects. Thirty young men (18-34 years) were divided into 3 groups (experimental group [EG]): sedentary EG (SEG), physically active group (PAG), and the strength trained ...
Leavey Vincent J - - 2010
CONTEXT: There are few outcomes-based studies that address hip strategy and gluteus medius strength (GMS) for maintaining dynamic postural control. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether GMS training, proprioception training, or a combination of the 2 has an effect on dynamic postural control. DESIGN: Pretest-posttest, repeated measures. SETTING: Sports-medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 48 ...
Krishnan Guru M - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors or statins are associated with a variety of muscle side-effects but little is known about the effect of statins on skeletal muscle strength and exercise performance. We performed a literature search to examine these issues. RECENT FINDINGS: We identified six studies examining the effect ...
Wunderer Kirsten - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of regular whole body vibration (WBV) training on lower limb muscle strength and functional mobility in individuals with multiple sclerosis. A single subject experimental design was replicated on three subjects. Phases included a 4-week baseline phase without intervention, 6 weeks ...
Ohmori Fumiko - - 2010
We examined the effect of 3-week upper limb immobilization on conduit artery cross-sectional area and peak hyperemia (BF(peak)) after exhaustive dynamic handgrip exercise (Ex(dyn)), and that of low-volume strength and endurance training during immobilization. Healthy volunteers (n = 21; mean age, 22 years) were divided into 3 groups: immobilization only ...
Büll M L - - 2010
It was analized the deltoid muscle anterior portion and the pectoralis major clavicular portion in 24 male volunteers using a two-channel electromyograph TECA TE 4, and Hewllet Packard surface electrodes, in 4 modalities of military press exercises with open grip. The results showed high inactivity for PMC in almost all ...
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