Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1199
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Herrero F - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a relatively short (8-weeks) period of detraining on cardiorespiratory capacity, dynamic strength endurance, task specific functional muscle capacity and quality of life (QOL) of breast cancer survivors who had previously undergone a combined supervised (aerobic and resistance) training program. ...
Weiss Edward P - - 2007
Caloric restriction (CR) results in fat loss; however, it may also result in loss of muscle and thereby reduce strength and aerobic capacity (VO2 max). These effects may not occur with exercise-induced weight loss (EX) because of the anabolic effects of exercise on heart and skeletal muscle. We tested the ...
Taylor Marcus K - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Neck injuries signify a physical fitness and human system problem with high operational significance. The prevalence of injuries in tactical aviators has been reported to be as high as 84%, although few report engaging in neck-specific strengthening exercises. It is generally believed that neck strengthening may result in fewer ...
Tsourlou Thomai - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of a 24-week aquatic training (AT) program, which included both aerobic and resistance components, on muscle strength (isometric and dynamic), flexibility, and functional mobility in healthy women over 60 years of age. Twenty-two subjects were assigned randomly to either ...
Coburn Jared W - - 2006
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of 3 days of velocity-specific isokinetic training on peak torque (PT) and the electromyographic (EMG) signal. Thirty adult women were randomly assigned to a slow-velocity training (SVT), fast-velocity training (FVT), or control (CON) group. All subjects performed maximal, concentric, isokinetic ...
Nader Gustavo A - - 2006
Strength and endurance training produce widely diversified adaptations, with little overlap between them. Strength training typically results in increases in muscle mass and muscle strength. In contrast, endurance training induces increases in maximal oxygen uptake and metabolic adaptations that lead to an increased exercise capacity. In many sports, a combination ...
Kemmler Wolfgang K - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to present an equation that accurately predicts 1 repetition maximum (RM) over a wide range of repetitions to fatigue (RTF) for 4 different machine resistance exercises in postmenopausal women. Seventy trained women (age = 57.4 +/- 3.1 years) performed maximal and submaximal repetitions on ...
Willardson Jeffrey M - - 2006
Research has indicated that multiple sets are superior to single sets for maximal strength development. However, whether maximal strength gains are achieved may depend on the ability to sustain a consistent number of repetitions over consecutive sets. A key factor that determines the ability to sustain repetitions is the length ...
Edge Johann - - 2006
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of resistance training on muscle buffer capacity, H regulation, and repeated-sprint ability (RSA). METHODS: Sixteen recreationally active females performed a graded exercise test to determine VO2peak and the lactate threshold (LT), a repeated-sprint test (5 x 6 s, every 30 s) to determine RSA, and ...
Coker Cheryl A - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the addition of chains to a barbell during the performance of the snatch would invoke differences in execution compared with lifting a conventional barbell without chains. Additionally, subjects were asked whether they perceived that the addition of chains had effects on ...
Cribb Paul J - - 2006
PURPOSE: Some studies report greater muscle hypertrophy during resistance exercise (RE) training from supplement timing (i.e., the strategic consumption of protein and carbohydrate before and/or after each workout). However, no studies have examined whether this strategy provides greater muscle hypertrophy or strength development compared with supplementation at other times during ...
Shimano Tomoko - - 2006
Resistance exercise intensity is commonly prescribed as a percent of 1 repetition maximum (1RM). However, the relationship between percent 1RM and the number of repetitions allowed remains poorly studied, especially using free weight exercises. The purpose of this study was to determine the maximal number of repetitions that trained (T) ...
Carroll Timothy J - - 2006
If exercises are performed to increase muscle strength on one side of the body, voluntary strength can increase on the contralateral side. This effect, termed the contralateral strength training effect, is usually measured in homologous muscles. Although known for over a century, most studies have not been designed well enough ...
DiFrancisco-Donoghue J - - 2007
Strength training has been shown to benefit the health and function of older adults. To investigate whether one set of exercises performed once a week was as effective in increasing muscle strength as training twice a week. 18 subjects (7 women and 11 men) aged 65-79 years were randomly assigned ...
Timón Andrada Rafael - - 2007
Performing strength exercise, whether acutely or in a training programme, leads to alterations at the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axes. One way to evaluate these changes is by analysis of the excretion of steroid hormones in the urine. The present study determined the variations in the urine profile of glucuroconjugated steroids ...
Banks Jacob J - - 2007
The primary purpose of this study was to establish a methodology for determining and perhaps predicting (via regression analysis of anthropometric measures) Macaca fascicularis isometric pinch strength for a specific task. The larger purpose of this work was to properly scale a pinching task for the monkeys in order to ...
Arce Esquivel A A - - 2007
The aim was to examine the influence of high and low volume whole-body circuit weight training on forearm reactive hyperemic blood flow, venous capacitance and outflow in young individuals. Thirty-five individuals (age: 22 +/- 1.89 years) participated in an 8 station circuit performed 3 days/week for 5 weeks. The high ...
Henwood Tim R - - 2006
Although it is well recognized that resistance training is an efficient strategy to enhance physical performance in older adults, less is known about the most effective type of resistive exercise or the role of functional training. This study compared the effectiveness of three varied short-term (8 weeks) training protocols on ...
Wilcox Jim - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether the performance of explosive-force movements before bench-press exercise would improve 1-repetition-maximum (1RM) strength. METHODS: Twelve male college athletes participated in 3 testing sessions separated by at least 5 days of rest. During each testing session, the 1RM was assessed on ...
Izquierdo M - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of different loads on repetition speed during single sets of repetitions to failure in bench press and parallel squat. Thirty-six physical active men performed 1-repetition maximum in a bench press (1 RM (BP)) and half squat position (1 RM (HS)), ...
Campbell Bill - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of l-arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG) in trained adult men. METHODS: Subjects participated in two studies that employed a randomized, double-blind, controlled design. In study 1, 10 healthy men (30-50 y old) fasted for 8 h and then ingested 4 g of time-released or ...
Kida Keisuke - - 2006
Previous studies have reported that skeletal muscle strength is closely related to exercise capacity in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). However, none of the previous studies have fully investigated the correlation between exercise capacity and the skeletal muscle volume (MV). Seventy patients with MI underwent symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing using ...
Tan Benedict - - 2006
Laser class sailors have to hike out, i.e. hook their feet under the toe straps near the centreline of the boat and hold their upper bodies over the edge of the boat, to counteract the heeling forces generated by the sails. To identify the parameters that are associated with maximal ...
Fry Andrew C - - 2006
Previous research on overtraining due to excessive use of maximal resistance exercise loads [100% 1 repetition maximum (1 RM)] indicates that peripheral muscle maladaptation contributes to overtraining-induced performance decrements. This study examined the cellular and molecular responses of skeletal muscle to performance decrements due to high-relative-intensity (%1 RM) resistance exercise ...
Chaiwanichsiri Dootchai - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of imagery-weight exercise on muscle strength. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Preliminary study of a before and after designed experiment was conducted at the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, from June to September 2004. Fifteen healthy sedentary volunteers: 5 males, 10 females, mean ...
Sakamoto Akihiro - - 2006
This study investigated the effect of movement velocity on the relationship between loading intensity and the number of repetitions of bench press. Thirteen healthy men (age = 21.7 +/- 1.0 years; weight = 76.8 +/- 2.5 kg; 1 repetition maximum [1RM] = 99.5 +/- 6.0 kg), who were involved in ...
Baker Daniel G - - 2006
The purpose of this investigation was to observe changes in maximal upper-body strength and power and shifts in the load-power curve across a multiyear period in experienced resistance trainers. Twelve professional rugby league players who regularly performed combined maximal strength and power training were observed across a 4-year period with ...
Williams Alun G - - 2006
The objective of this research was to determine whether tests of strength, endurance, and anthropometry could be used to assess training-induced changes (delta) in load-carriage performance. Eighty-four British Army recruits completed a 10-week training program. Strength, endurance, body composition, and 3.2-km load carriage with 15 kg and 25 kg were ...
Fatouros Ioannis G - - 2006
The present investigation attempted to determine whether resistance exercise intensity affects flexibility and strength performance in the elderly following a 6-month resistance training and detraining period. Fifty-eight healthy, inactive older men (65- 78 yrs) were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: a control group (C, n = 10), a ...
Beck Travis W - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of a caffeine-containing supplement on upper- and lower-body strength and muscular endurance as well as anaerobic capabilities. Thirty-seven resistance-trained men (mean +/- SD, age: 21 +/- 2 years) volunteered to participate in this study. On the first laboratory visit, ...
Simoneau Emilie - - 2007
The aim of this study was to enquire whether older adults, who continue plantar-flexion (PF) strength training for an additional 6-month period, would achieve further improvements in neuromuscular performance, in the ankle PFs, and in the antagonist dorsi-flexors (DFs). Twenty-three healthy older volunteers (mean age 77.4 +/- 3.7 years) took ...
Johansen Kirsten L - - 2006
Patients who are on hemodialysis commonly experience muscle wasting and weakness, which have a negative effect on physical functioning and quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine whether anabolic steroid administration and resistance exercise training induce anabolic effects among patients who receive maintenance hemodialysis. A randomized ...
Herrero F - - 2006
The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a combined cardiorespiratory and resistance exercise training program of short duration on the cardiorespiratory fitness, strength endurance, task specific functional muscle capacity, body composition and quality of life (QOL) in women breast cancer survivors. Sixteen subjects were randomly ...
Liebetanz David - - 2006
PURPOSE: Weak direct currents induce lasting alterations of cortical excitability in animals and humans, which are controlled by polarity, duration of stimulation, and current strength applied. To evaluate its anticonvulsant potential, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was tested in a modified cortical ramp-stimulation model of focal epilepsy. METHODS: The threshold ...
Sugimoto Daisuke - - 2006
Context: The efficacy of exercise using a flexible foil to increase strength in the shoulder rotator muscles is unknown. Objective: To compare the effects of exercises using a flexible foil (Bodyblade) with exercises using elastic bands on shoulder internal and external rotator muscle strength. Design: We used a randomized, controlled ...
Gancedo-Caravia Lucía - - 2006
The aim of this study is to assess how a wet environment curing affects the retention characteristics of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and also to determine the time needed for curing. MTA obturations were carried out in perforated dentine slices and cured under different conditions (presence or absence of humidity ...
Villareal Dennis T - - 2006
The plasma levels of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfated form (DHEAS) decline approximately 80% between the ages of 25 and 75 yr. Muscle mass and strength also decrease with aging. Published data on the effects of DHEA replacement on muscle mass and strength are conflicting. The goals of this study ...
de Poel Harjo J - - 2007
The effects of handedness on bimanual isofrequency coordination (e.g., phase advance of the dominant limb) have been suggested to result from an asymmetry in interlimb coupling strength, with the non-dominant limb being more strongly influenced by the dominant limb than vice versa. A formalized version of this hypothesis was tested ...
Dolan Sara E - - 2006
Women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) increasingly demonstrate abnormalities in fat distribution and metabolism; however, the effects of a home-based exercise regimen in this group have not been investigated. We conducted a 16-week randomized intervention study of a supervised home-based progressive resistance training and aerobic exercise program in 40 ...
Brandenburg Jason - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the acute response to 2 resistance-exercise protocols performed to repetition failure, but different in load configuration, and determine whether the acute response was related to strength increases after 8 weeks of training. METHODS: Eighteen resistance-trained men completed a single session of 2 resistance-exercise protocols. The constant-load protocol ...
Surakka J - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of training either with a light load or without any load in a 16-week power-type strength training intervention in sedentary middle-aged subjects. A total of 85 subjects participated in the study. In a supervised 22-week training intervention, including ...
Dreyer Hans C - - 2006
We sought to determine the effects of age and chronic exercise on muscle power in older males. We examined 32 older males 60-74 years of age and grouped as sedentary (CON, n = 11), chronic endurance trained (ET, n = 10), and chronic endurance trained + resistance training (ET + ...
Volaklis Konstantinos A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to assess the training and detraining effects on physiological parameters resulting from a combined strength and aerobic exercise programme in patients with coronary artery disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: Thirty male coronary artery disease patients were randomly assigned to an exercise (n = ...
Vinther A - - 2006
The etiology of exercise-induced rib stress fractures (RSFs) in elite rowers is unclear. The purpose of the study was to investigate thoracic muscle activity, movement patterns and muscle strength in elite rowers. Electromyographic (EMG) and 2-D video analysis were performed during ergometer rowing, and isokinetic muscle strength was measured in ...
Young Warren B - - 2006
The purposes of this review are to identify the factors that contribute to the transference of strength and power training to sports performance and to provide resistance-training guidelines. Using sprinting performance as an example, exercises involving bilateral contractions of the leg muscles resulting in vertical movement, such as squats and ...
Otsuki Takeshi - - 2006
Strength exercise training induces a decrease in arterial distensibility, whereas endurance exercise training causes an increase in arterial distensibility. Endothelin-1 (ET-1), which is produced by vascular endothelial cells, has potent vasoconstrictor and proliferative activity on vascular smooth muscle cells. We hypothesized that endogenous ET-1 participates in alteration of arterial distensibility ...
Gillies Ellen M - - 2006
This study investigated the effect of manipulating the time to complete both the concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC) muscle actions during resistance training on strength, skeletal muscle properties and cortisol in women. Twenty-eight women (mean +/- SE age = 24.3 +/- 1.1 year) with strength training experience completed three training ...
Wernbom Mathias - - 2006
Strength training with low load under conditions of vascular occlusion has been proposed as an alternative to heavy-resistance exercise in the rehabilitation setting, when large forces acting upon the musculoskeletal system are unwanted. Little is known, however, about the relative intensity at which occlusion of blood flow significantly reduces dynamic ...
Myer Gregory D - - 2006
Neuromuscular training protocols that include both plyometrics and dynamic balance exercises can significantly improve biomechanics and neuromuscular performance and reduce anterior cruciate ligament injury risk in female athletes. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of plyometrics (PLYO) versus dynamic stabilization and balance training (BAL) on power, ...
Holviala Jarkko H S - - 2006
Progressive strength training can lead to substantial increases in maximal strength and mass of trained muscles, even in older women and men, but little information is available about the effects of strength training on functional capabilities and balance. Thus, the effects of 21 weeks of heavy resistance training--including lower loads ...
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