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Results 401 - 450 of 1435
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Kakigi Ryo - - 2011
This study investigated the effect of heat stress (HS) on mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling involved in translation initiation after resistance exercise in human skeletal muscle. Eight young male subjects performed four sets of six maximal repetitions of knee extension exercises, with or without HS, in a randomized crossover ...
Goto Kazushige - - 2011
This study compared the fat metabolism between 'a single bout of 30-min exercise' and 'three bouts of 10-min exercise' of the same intensity (60% maximal oxygen uptake) and total exercise duration (30 min). Nine healthy men participated in three trials: (1) a single 30-min bout of exercise (Single), (2) three 10-min ...
Hull James H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have resting abnormal large artery haemodynamics. Here, we obtain further insight in patients with CF by evaluating haemodynamic response to physiological stress. METHODS: Thirty-six stable CF patients mean (SD) age 28.9 (9.0)years and 25 controls matched for age, gender and body mass index ...
McCullough Danielle J DJ Dept. of Applied Physiology & Kinesiology, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, - - 2011
With advancing age, there is a reduction in exercise tolerance, resulting, in part, from a perturbed ability to match O(2) delivery to uptake within skeletal muscle. In the spinotrapezius muscle (which is not recruited during incline treadmill running) of aged rats, we tested the hypotheses that exercise training will 1) ...
Cohen Mitchell I - - 2011
Background: Inappropriate internal cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapies may result from T-wave oversensing (TWOS) during exertion in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of an exercise treadmill test to predict inappropriate ICD therapies secondary to TWOS. Methods: Eligible pediatric ICD recipients underwent exercise-stress testing with concomitant ...
Chapados Natalie Ann - - 2011
Hepatic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has recently been associated with several health complications such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hepatic steatosis. Exercise training has been recognized for many years to have important beneficial effects in these metabolic complications, however much remains unknown regarding the effects of exercise training on ...
Schaal Karine - - 2011
We examined the catecholamine response to exercise in five eumenorrheic (EU) and five amenorrheic (AM) athletes, matched by age (mean ± SEM: EU = 29.8 ± 2.5 yr and AM = 31.0 ± 4.3 yr) and running volume (EU = 56.4 ± 8.1 km·wk(-1) and AM = 61.5 ± 6.4 ...
Korantzopoulos Panagiotis - - 2011
Exercise is a classic trigger of ventricular arrhythmias in the setting of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to examine the changes of novel indexes of repolarization in patients with stable CAD who underwent exercise stress testing. Sixty-seven consecutive patients (mean age 62 ± 9 years, ...
McClean Conor M - - 2011
There is a paucity of research examining the influence of acute exercise on pulse wave velocity (PWV) and oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute moderate aerobic exercise on PWV and oxidative stress in healthy males. Eight apparently healthy males (age 23.6 ± ...
Werkman Maarten S - - 2011
: To study whether peak oxygen uptake ((Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 peak), attained in traditional cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF), could be verified by a supramaximal exercise test. : Sixteen adolescents with CF (forced expiratory volume in 1 second as % of predicted [range, ...
Ruby Matthew B - - 2011
Objective: To examine whether-and why-people underestimate how much they enjoy exercise. Design: Across four studies, 279 adults predicted how much they would enjoy exercising, or reported their actual feelings after exercising. Main Outcome Measures: Main outcome measures were predicted and actual enjoyment ratings of exercise routines, as well as intention ...
Miladi Imed - - 2011
This study aimed to determine the effect of 3 different recovery modes (passive [PR], active [AR], and dynamic stretching [SR]) on exercise time to exhaustion (Tlim) and cardiorespiratory and blood lactate responses during supramaximal exercise. Exercise sessions consisted of 2 series of 4 repeated, intermittent supramaximal cycling exercise interspersed in ...
Arena Ross - - 2011
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is a specialized exercise assessment that provides valuable information in a number of patient populations. Physicians are often familiar with standard exercise testing procedures (i.e., the cardiac stress test) and, therefore, appropriately refer patients with signs/symptoms suggestive of myocardial ischemia. However, the procedures surrounding referral for ...
Walsh Neil P - - 2011
The physical training undertaken by athletes is one of a set of lifestyle or behavioural factors that can influence immune function, health and ultimately exercise performance. Others factors including potential exposure to pathogens, health status, lifestyle behaviours, sleep and recovery, nutrition and psychosocial issues, need to be considered alongside the ...
Barakzai S Z - - 2011
Reasons for performing study: To correlate resting and exercising endoscopic grades of laryngeal function in horses undergoing high-speed treadmill endoscopy (HSTE) using the Havemeyer grading system. To correlate dorsal displacement of the soft palate (DDSP) seen at rest with palatal function during exercise. Methods: Records of horses that underwent HSTE ...
Rahnama Nader - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of high-intensity intermittent exercise and carbohydrate supplementation on cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) in soccer players. Twelve elite soccer players were selected and divided equally into three groups of carbohydrate (CHO), placebo (P) and control (C). Blood ...
Tanindi Asli - - 2011
An impaired heart rate response during exercise (chronotropic incompetence) and an impaired heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise are predictors of cardiovascular risk and mortality. Cystatin C is a novel marker for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to investigate exercise electrocardiographic responses in patients with metabolic syndrome who were without overt ...
Berzosa C - - 2011
Antioxidant defences are essential for cellular redox regulation. Since free-radical production may be enhanced by physical activity, herein, we evaluated the effect of acute exercise on total antioxidant status (TAS) and the plasma activities of catalase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase and its possible relation to oxidative stress ...
Schweitzer G G - - 2011
Bradykinin can enhance skeletal muscle glucose uptake (GU), and exercise increases both bradykinin production and muscle insulin sensitivity, but bradykinin's relationship with post-exercise insulin action is uncertain. Our primary aim was to determine if the B2 receptor of bradykinin (B2R) is essential for the post-exercise increase in GU by insulin-stimulated ...
Killackey Eoin - - 2011
Young people with first episode psychosis are at an increased risk for a range of poor health outcomes. In contrast to the growing body of evidence that suggests that exercise therapy may benefit the physical and mental health of people diagnosed with schizophrenia, there are no studies to date that ...
Cucato Gabriel Grizzo - - 2011
To verify the acute effects of resistance exercise on post-exercise blood pressure in patients with intermittent claudication. Eight patients randomly underwent two experimental sessions: a session of resistance exercise (R: 6 exercises, 3 sets of 12, 10 and 8 reps with a perceived exertion of 11 to 13 on the ...
Galvão Tatiana F G - - 2011
To investigate the effect of opioid receptor blockade on the myocardial protection conferred by chronic exercise and to compare exercise training with different strategies of myocardial protection (opioid infusion and brief periods of ischemia-reperfusion) preceding irreversible left anterior descending coronary ligation. The acute cardioprotective effects of exercise training are at ...
Kukielka Monica M Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, The Ohio State University Columbus, OH, - - 2011
Increased sodium/calcium exchanger activity (NCX1, an important regulator of cardiomyocyte cystolic calcium) may provoke arrhythmias. Exercise training can decrease NCX1 expression in animals with heart failure improving cytosolic calcium regulation, and could thereby reduce the risk for ventricular fibrillation (VF). To test this hypothesis, a 2-min coronary occlusion was made ...
Wray D W - - 2010
Aging, vascular function, and exercise are thought to have a common link in oxidative stress. Both antioxidant supplementation and exercise training have been identified as interventions which may reduce oxidative stress, but their interaction in older humans is not well understood.
Jellis Christine L - - 2010
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) might have subclinical myocardial dysfunction identified at rest or unmasked during exercise. We examined the correlates of the myocardial exercise response in patients with T2DM. Myocardial dysfunction was sought during at rest and exercise echocardiography in 167 healthy patients with T2DM (97 men, ...
Adami A - - 2010
[Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] and muscular deoxyhaemoglobin (HHb) kinetics were determined in 14 healthy male subjects at the onset of constant-load cycling exercise performed at 80% of the ventilatory threshold (80%(VT)) and at 120% of [Formula: see text] (120%(Wmax)). An innovative approach was applied to calculate the time ...
Michaelides Andreas P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether ischemia-induced wall motion abnormalities during exercise test modify electrical vector variation. METHODS: We performed treadmill exercise test and thallium 201 scintigraphy in 150 normotensives. Beat-to-beat change of direction of S wave in V(1) (reference lead) was compared with that of R wave in V(5) and aVF, ...
Qi Zhengtang - - 2010
Oxidative stress can impair mitochondrial function and fuel utilization and is closely linked with the development of insulin resistance in skeletal muscle in diabetes mellitus as well as fatty liver disease. In vitro data indicate that cellular levels of reactive oxygen species depend on the expression and activity of p53, ...
Hordern Matthew D - - 2010
It is unclear whether the glucose lowering effects of an exercise session are augmented by training. Therefore, we sought to assess the effects of a four-week exercise training program on the acute response of blood glucose to a single exercise session in patients with T2DM. A Quasi experimental design was ...
Pearson James - - 2011
Heat stress increases limb blood flow and cardiac output (Q) in humans, presumably in sole response to an augmented thermoregulatory demand of the skin circulation. Here we tested the hypothesis that local hyperthermia also increases skeletal muscle blood flow at rest and during exercise. Hemodynamics, blood and tissue oxygenation, and ...
Skein Melissa - - 2010
PURPOSE:: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 30h sleep deprivation on consecutive day intermittent-sprint performance and muscle glycogen content. METHODS:: Ten male, team-sport athletes performed a single day 'baseline' session, and two consecutive-day experimental trials separated either by a normal night's sleep (CONT1 and CONT2) ...
Powers Scott K - - 2010
The observation that muscular exercise is associated with oxidative stress in humans was first reported over 30years ago. Since this initial report, numerous studies have confirmed that prolonged or high-intensity exercise results in oxidative damage to macromolecules in both blood and skeletal muscle. Although the primary tissue(s) responsible for reactive ...
Saborido Ana - - 2011
Anabolic androgenic steroids are used in the sport context to enhance muscle mass and strength and to increase muscle fatigue resistance. Since muscle fatigue has been related to oxidative stress caused by an exercise-linked reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, we investigated the potential effects of a treatment with the anabolic ...
Wahl Patrick - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to compare the acute hormonal response to a short-term high-intensity training (HIT) versus a high-volume endurance training (HVT) and to investigate the effects of acid-base status on cytokines involved in angiogenesis (VEGF and bFGF). Eleven subjects participated in three experimental trials. Two times ...
Heaney Jennifer L J - - 2010
Low or blunted cardiovascular and cortisol reactions to acute psychological stress have been shown to characterise those with a tobacco or alcohol dependency. The present study tested the hypothesis that exercise dependency would be similarly associated with blunted reactivity. Young female exercisers (N=219) were screened by questionnaire for exercise dependence. ...
Miyamoto Shoichi - - 2011
Whole-body periodic acceleration (WBPA) has been developed as a passive exercise device capable of improving endothelial function by applying pulsatile shear stress to vascular endothelium. We hypothesized that treatment with WBPA improves exercise capacity, myocardial ischemia, and left ventricular (LV) function because of increased coronary and peripheral vasodilatory reserves in ...
Tryniszewski Wieslaw - - 2010
Most of the methods don't give the comparison between blood flow at rest and after exercise. Nuclear medicine allows for such assessment and determination of muscle perfusion indexes. The aim of the study was the comparison of the radioisotopic assessment of lower limbs perfusion at rest and after exercise in ...
Huang Chun-Jung - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in catecholamines (epinephrine [EPI] and norepinephrine [NE]), interleukin-2 (IL-2) and a biomarker of oxidative stress (8-isoprostane) in healthy individuals who were exposed to a dual challenge (physical and psychological stress). Furthermore, this study also examined the possible relationships between catecholamines ...
Uehara Kouhei - - 2010
In the present study, to test the hypothesis that cigarette smoking and physical exercise induce different influences on peripheral vasomotor control after mental stress, we examined the physiological responses, including skin vasomotor responses, to smoking and exercise in six healthy smokers. The smokers performed 2 hr of mental arithmetic tasks ...
Pinkstaff Sherry S Department of Physical Therapy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Medical College of Virginia Campus, Richmond, VA 23140, - - 2010
To determine if the attainment of at least 85% of age-predicted maximal heart rate (APMHR), using the equation 220 - age, and/or at least 25,000 as the product of maximal heart rate and systolic blood pressure (rate pressure product, RPP) is an accurate indicator of exertion level during exercise stress ...
Diehm Curt - - 2011
We aimed to investigate whether the post-exercise ankle brachial index (ABI) performed by primary care physicians offers useful information for the prediction of death or cardiovascular events, beyond the traditional resting ABI. An additional focus was on patients with intermittent claudication and normal resting ABI. Using data from the 5-year ...
Ghafouri Samireh - - 2011
Insulin is a potent vasoactive hormone which induces vasodilatation at physiological concentrations. Aerobic exercise is known to improve insulin vasodilatory activity in humans and experimental animals. Since both insulin and physical training is known to activate K(ATP) and K(Ca2+) channels and increase nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, we hypothesized that insulin ...
Wallberg Linnea - - 2010
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) response was studied during two ultra endurance events-one laboratory 24 h protocol (9 men) with exercise intensity set to 60% of VO(2max) and one Adventure Race over 6 days (12 men/6 women) with a self-selected race pace, including rests, of about 38% of VO(2max). In the 24-h protocol IL-6 ...
Puente-Maestu Luis - - 2011
Background Exhausting exercise reduces the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content in the skeletal muscle of healthy subjects due to oxidative damage. Since patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) suffer enhanced oxidative stress during exercise, it was hypothesised that the mtDNA content will be further reduced. Objective To investigate the effects ...
Lee-Young R S RS Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, - - 2011
Skeletal muscle AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α2 activity is impaired in obese, insulin-resistant individuals during exercise. We determined whether this defect contributes to the metabolic dysregulation and reduced exercise capacity observed in the obese state. C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) mice and/or mice expressing a kinase dead AMPKα2 subunit in skeletal muscle (α2-KD) ...
Tsuchimochi Hirotsugu - - 2011
We investigated the contribution of tetrodotoxin (TTX)-resistant sodium channels to the augmented exercise pressor reflex observed in decerebrated rats with femoral artery ligation. The pressor responses to static contraction, to tendon stretch, and to electrical stimulation of the tibial nerve were compared before and after blocking TTX-sensitive sodium channels on ...
Pechlivanis Alexandros - - 2010
Physical exercise modifies animal metabolism profoundly. Until recently, biochemical investigations related to exercise focused on a small number of biomolecules. In the present study, we used a holistic analytical approach to investigate changes in the human urine metabolome elicited by two exercise sessions differing in the duration of the rest ...
Giannaki Christoforos D - - 2010
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is very common in hemodialysis patients. RLS induces motor excitability and discomfort during rest periods, and those symptoms have also been observed during hemodialysis sessions. The aim of the study was to assess whether a single bout of exercise could reduce periodic limb movements (PLM) occurring ...
Glover Elisa I - - 2010
Case reports and open-label studies suggest that coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) treatment may have beneficial effects in mitochondrial disease patients; however, controlled trials are warranted to clinically prove its effectiveness. Thirty patients with mitochondrial cytopathy received 1200 mg/day CoQ(10) for 60 days in a randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial. Blood lactate, urinary ...
Scheinowitz Mickey - - 2011
Previous studies have reported ambiguous results regarding the effect of acute exercise on platelet reactivity in healthy and cardiac patients. We aimed to assess platelet reactivity among diabetic patients before and immediately after an acute exercise stress test. Patients (controls: mean age 53.1±12.1 years; four males; body mass index 27.0±5.7 ...
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