Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1394
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Mutlu B - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the results of a supervised exercise with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in an exercise controlled study in women with fibromyalgia. Sixty-six women with fibromyalgia who admitted to the outpatient clinic of our hospital were randomized into two treatment groups. The patients ...
Moore David J - - 2012
Leg exercise hemodynamics during single-leg knee extensions were compared among healthy groups of early perimenopausal (n = 15), late perimenopausal (n = 12), and early postmenopausal (n = 11) women. Femoral blood flow (FBF) and vascular conductance (FVC) at rest and during very light work rates (0 and 5 W) ...
To William W K - - 2012
To evaluate whether bone mineral density (BMD) changes in women engaged in active exercises during pregnancy would be different from non-exercising women. Consecutive patients with singleton pregnancies who were engaged in active exercise training during pregnancy were prospectively recruited over a period of 6 months. Quantitative USG measurements of the ...
Coiro V - - 2012
In the present study, we have evaluated whether physical exercise affect low osteocalcin concentrations observed in patients with subclinical hypercortisolism. Sixteen patients (10 men and 6 women, age 38-55 yr) with adrenal incidentaloma were studied. Fifteen healthy volunteers matched for age (range 35-47 yr) were used as controls. Subjects were ...
Parashar Rachna - - 2012
Impedance Cardiography (ICG) is a non invasive method useful for continuous monitoring of cardiac output but, it still has not found wide usage for measuring cardiac output in clinics and research. Most studies focused on comparing the cardiac output measured at rest with reference methods. In the present study we ...
Pritchett Allison M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data regarding intentional weight loss in obese heart failure patients. This study sought to ascertain the safety and effectiveness of a lifestyle modification program in patients with systolic heart failure and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Patients (n=20) with systolic heart failure (ejection fraction < 50%) ...
Buys Roselien - - 2012
Patients with Mustard/Senning repair for transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) have an impaired exercise capacity, but information about physical activity levels is scarce. The aim of the study was to come to a better understanding of the interrelationships between determinants of exercise capacity, physical activity and self-perceived health status. ...
Ristow Michael - - 2012
Interview with Michael Ristow on his highly cited paper on his highly cited paper: Ristow M, Zarse K, Oberbach A, Klöting N, Birringer M, Kiehntopf M, Stumvoll M, Kahn CR, Bl?her M. "Antioxidants prevent health-promoting effects of physical exercise in humans". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 May ...
Aaltonen S - - 2012
Long-term persistent physical activity is important in the prevention of chronic diseases, but a large number of people do not participate in physical activity to obtain health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the motives and perceived barriers to long-term engagement in leisure time physical activity. Same-sex ...
Suttanon Plaiwan - - 2012
ABSTRACTBackground: Balance exercise is an important component of falls-prevention interventions, with growing evidence that it can be beneficial for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, to implement a balance exercise program successfully for people with AD it is important to consider factors that can affect commencement and adherence to the ...
Biagini Elena - - 2012
While implications of myocardial fibrosis on left ventricular (LV) function at rest have been studied in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the pathophysiological consequences on dynamic LV outflow tract (LVOT) gradient have so far not been investigated in detail. To evaluate the influence of myocardial fibrosis, detected by MRI as late-gadolinium enhancement ...
Apostolo Anna - - 2012
Lung function abnormalities both at rest and during exercise are frequently observed in patients with chronic heart failure, also in the absence of respiratory disease. Alterations of respiratory mechanics and of gas exchange capacity are strictly related to heart failure. Severe heart failure patients often show a restrictive respiratory pattern, ...
Toufan Mehrnoush - - 2012
Over the last two decades, morphological cardiac changes induced by athletic conditioning have been of great interest. Therefore, several studies have been orchestrated to delineate electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography, and heart rate variability (HRV) findings in athletes. To assess the ECG, echocardiography, and HRV in a group of dynamic and static ...
Lobo Ec - - 2012
The effects of exercise on pulpal and gingival blood flow are undefined. The autonomic nervous system response suggests that they could increase or decrease with exercise, and they may be independent of each other. This study attempts to answer these questions. 15 "physically active" subjects and 15 "physically inactive" subjects ...
Agarwal Shashi K - - 2012
Regular physical activity during leisure time has been shown to be associated with better health outcomes. The American Heart Association, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine all recommend regular physical activity of moderate intensity for the prevention and complementary treatment of several ...
Ghashghaei Fatemeh Esteki - - 2012
Cardiovascular disorders are an important public health problem worldwide. They are also the leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Therefore, American Heart Association proposed cardiac rehabilitation program as an essential part of care for cardiac patients to improve functional capacity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness ...
Mulic Aida - - 2012
Little attention has been directed towards identifying the relationship between physical exercise, dental erosive wear and salivary secretion. The study aimed i) to describe the prevalence and severity of dental erosive wear among a group of physically active young adults, ii) to describe the patterns of dietary consumption and lifestyle ...
Rupps Elli - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of physical exercise and self-assessment of physical fitness (PF) and their relationship to health- and behaviour-specific factors in a randomly selected sample of an urban population in southern Germany. Cross-sectional study. In the southern German city of Leutkirch. 2187 subjects ...
Drury C Taylor - - 2012
The aim of this study was to review systematically the effects of exercise on left ventricular (LV) twisting mechanics in healthy individuals. Literature searches were conducted in electronic databases for articles reporting measures of LV twisting mechanics in healthy individuals before and during/after exercise. Upon review, 18 articles were analyzed. ...
Campos Juliane C JC Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2012
Exercise training is a well-known coadjuvant in heart failure treatment; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying its beneficial effects remain elusive. Despite the primary cause, heart failure is often preceded by two distinct phenomena: mitochondria dysfunction and cytosolic protein quality control disruption. The objective of the study was to determine the ...
Finkelstein Ilana - - 2011
to compare the blood pressure and oxygen consumption (VO2) responses between pregnant and non-pregnant women, during cycle ergometer exercise on land and in water. ten pregnant (27 to 29 weeks of gestation) and ten non-pregnant women were enrolled. Two cardiopulmonary tests were performed on a cycle ergometer (water and land) ...
Best C - - 2011
Stroke is the most common cause of complex disability in the community. Physical fitness is often reduced after stroke, but training can improve fitness and function. UK and international stroke clinical guidelines recommend long-term exercise participation for stroke survivors. However, there has been no previous research into what services are ...
George Keith - - 2011
The pervasive public health message is that moderate amounts of endurance exercise help maintain optimal health and reduce cardiovascular risk. While not enough people meet national physical activity guidelines, there are some at the opposite end of the activity spectrum who far exceed the recommended 'dose' of exercise. The cardiovascular ...
Babu Abraham Samuel - - 2011
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) for congestive heart failure (CHF) has become the main source of interest among cardiologists and rehabilitation specialists. The aims of the study were to assess the effects of supervised cardiac rehabilitation and a structured home based program on functional capacity and QoL in patients with CHF for ...
Gellert Paul - - 2011
This study tests the effects of affective and health-related outcome expectancies on physical exercise, assuming stronger direct and indirect (via intention) effects from affective outcome expectancy to physical exercise than from health-related outcome expectancy to exercise. Physical exercise and social cognitive variables were assessed at baseline, and 6- and 12-month ...
Blake H - - 2011
Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese form of conditioning exercise derived from martial arts and rooted in eastern philosophy and Chinese Medicine. Based on the inter-relatedness of mind, body and spirit this form of exercise focuses on producing an inner calmness which is thought to have both physical and psychological ...
Thomas Scott G - - 2011
Physical activity is an effective lifestyle therapy for patients at risk for, or with, documented cardiovascular disease (CVD). Current screening tools - the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) and the Physical Activity Readiness Medical Evaluation (PARmed-X) - require updating to align with risk/benefit evidence. We provide evidence-based recommendations to identify ...
Charlesworth Sarah - - 2011
Recommendations for physical activity during pregnancy have progressed significantly in the last 30 years and continue to evolve as an increasing body of scientific evidence becomes available. In addition, there is an increasing number of women who wish to either maintain physical fitness levels during the prenatal period or initiate exercise ...
Haas Barbara K - - 2011
This article describes the development and refinement of a not-for-profit, community-based exercise program, the Cancer Foundation For Life (CFFL), designed to improve quality of life (QOL) for persons with cancer, regardless of type or stage of disease. Beginning in 2001, policies and procedures were developed, and personnel were hired and ...
Nguyen Ha T - - 2011
To document the prevalence of obese Mexican-Americans never advised by health professionals regarding exercise and diet, and to determine risk factors for no advice. Data came from 1787 obese Mexican-American adults (body mass index ≥30; age ≥18 years) in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. The survey included self-reported receipt of ...
Newcomb Lauren W - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a preferred- versus a prescribed-intensity exercise session on pain in women with fibromyalgia (FM). Twenty-one women with FM (mean age = 44 yr) completed two randomly assigned exercise sessions consisting of 20 min of cycle ergometry at a self-selected ...
Rouse Peter C - - 2011
Self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000, Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behaviour. New York: Plenum Publishing) highlights the impact autonomy supportive environments can have on exercise motivation and positive health outcomes. Yet little is known about whether differential effects occur as a function of which significant other is providing ...
Tiedemann Anne - - 2011
Falls affect a significant number of older Australians and present a major challenge to health care providers and health systems. The purpose of this statement is to inform and guide exercise practitioners and health professionals in the safe and effective prescription of exercise for older community-dwelling people with the goal ...
Marsden K R - - 2012
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) increases from rest to ∼60% of peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)) and thereafter decreases towards baseline due to hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia and subsequent cerebral vasoconstriction. It is unknown what happens to CBF in older adults (OA), who experience a decline in CBF at rest coupled with a blunted ...
Fujii Naoto - - 2011
We tested the hypothesis that short-term exercise-heat acclimation (EHA) attenuates hyperthermia-induced hyperventilation in humans exercising in a hot environment. Twenty-one male subjects were divided into the two groups: control (C, n = 11) and EHA (n = 10). Subjects in C performed exercise-heat tests [cycle exercise for ~75 min at 58% [Formula: see text] (37°C, ...
Burnley Mark - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To investigate the influence of prior heavy- and severe-intensity exercise on the oxygen uptake (V˙O2) kinetics and the power-duration relationship. METHODS:: Ten cyclists performed 13 exercise tests over a 4 week period, consisting of a ramp test to determine the gas exchange threshold (GET) and the peak V˙O2, followed ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2011
In 2002, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists published exercise guidelines for pregnancy, which suggested that in the absence of medical or obstetric complications, 30 minutes or more of moderate exercise a day on most, if not all, days of the week is recommended for pregnant women. However, these ...
Lee Hojun - - 2011
Redox-sensitive stress kinases and heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) have been considered to be associated with the development of type 2 diabetes in skeletal muscle. However, the effect of exercise training in skeletal muscle of type 2 diabetic models is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Calvert John W - - 2011
Exercise training confers sustainable protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury in animal models and has been associated with improved survival following a heart attack in humans. It is still unclear how exercise protects the heart, but it is apparent that endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) play a role. ...
Suh Ga-Young GY Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, - - 2011
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disease resulting in a permanent, localized enlargement of the abdominal aorta. We previously hypothesized that the progression of AAA may be slowed by altering the hemodynamics in the abdominal aorta through exercise [Dalman, R. L., M. M. Tedesco, J. Myers, and C. A. ...
Gonzalez Mauren B Azambuja - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The rate of transient dilatation can be determined by exercise testing or pharmacological stress test. It is unknown whether the type of stress has an impact on average transient dilatation index values. OBJECTIVE: To compare average transient dilation index values in 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy in patients undergoing treadmill stress test, ...
Kasmay Ozgür - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To investigate the levels of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in soccer players with exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB), to test whether these endogenous vasoactive molecules are involved in the development of EIB, and to examine the possible participation of reactive oxygen metabolites in these alterations. DESIGN:: Observational study. SETTING:: ...
Sterrett Lauren E - - 2011
Peak exercise myocardial perfusion was evaluated in patients with D-transposition of the great arteries 12 years after the arterial switch operation (SWITCH) to evaluate coronary perfusion. Gas-exchange measurements were used to assess cardiac limiting factors to exercise capacity in SWITCH patients when compared to healthy gender-matched controls (CON). Peak myocardial perfusion ...
Mitchell Joel B - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Mitchell, JB, Phillips, MD, Yellott, RC, and Currie, LM. Resistance and aerobic exercise: The influence of mode on the relationship between IL-6 and glucose tolerance in obese young men. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-Regular exercise lowers indicators of disease risk including some inflammatory cytokines; however, the relationship ...
Johnson Blair D - - 2011
The aim of this investigation was to establish whether changes in oxidative stress and endothelial function following acute aerobic exercise are dose-dependent. Ten healthy trained men completed four exercise sessions: 50% VO(2peak) for 30 min (moderate intensity moderate duration, MIMD), 50% VO(2peak) for 60 min (moderate intensity long duration, MILD), 80% VO(2peak) ...
Faghihnia Nastaran - - 2011
Individuals with an atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype (ALP) characterized by increased levels of small dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles tend to have greater adiposity compared to unaffected subjects. We sought to determine whether this may be related to alterations in energy substrate partitioning or efficiency. These were assessed by indirect calorimetry ...
Darabaneanu S - - 2011
Exercise is assumed to have a positive effect on migraine. However, none of the few studies on this topic can prove the expected positive influence of exercise. Therefore, the aim of this pilot study was to develop a training program suitable for migraine patients and to examine its effect on ...
Davison Glen - - 2011
PURPOSE: Acute antioxidant supplementation may modulate oxidative stress and some immune perturbations that typically occur following prolonged exercise. The aims of the present study were to examine the effects of acutely consuming dark chocolate (high polyphenol content) on plasma antioxidant capacity, markers of oxidative stress and immunoendocrine responses to prolonged ...
van Leeuwen Janneke C - - 2011
Objective Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is defined as acute, reversible bronchoconstriction induced by physical exercise. It is widely believed that EIB occurs after exercise. However, in children with asthma the time to maximal bronchoconstriction after exercise is short, suggesting that the onset of EIB in such children occurs during exercise. Aim ...
Allgrove Judith - - 2011
This study investigated the effects of regular consumption of dark chocolate (DC), rich in cocoa polyphenols, on plasma metabolites, hormones, and markers of oxidative stress after prolonged exhaustive exercise. Twenty active men cycled at 60% maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) for 1.5 hr, with the intensity increased to 90% VO2max for ...
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