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Results 801 - 850 of 1436
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Martin L - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the critical swimming velocity (Vcrit) corresponds to the velocity at lactate threshold (V-LT) in elite triathletes. Eight elite triathletes (5 male, 3 female; age 26 +/- 4 years; height 1.7 +/- 0.1 m and body mass 75 +/- 4 kg) participated ...
Lucía A - - 2000
The aim of this longitudinal study was to analyze the changes in several metabolic and neuromuscular variables in response to endurance training during three defined periods of a full sports season (rest, precompetition and competition). The study population was formed by thirteen professional cyclists (age +/- SEM: 24+/-1 years; mean ...
Beneke R - - 2000
PURPOSE: The maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) corresponds to the highest workload that can be maintained over time without a continual blood lactate accumulation. MLSS and MLSS intensity have been speculated to depend on performance. Experimental proof of this hypothesis is missing. METHODS: 33 male subjects (age: 23.7 +/- 5.5 ...
Bishop D - - 2000
PURPOSE: In a previous study, we showed that when six different plasma lactate parameters (LPs) were compared, the LP determined by the Dmax method was the best predictor of 1-h cycling performance in women. The present study extended these findings to determine whether or not the relationship between the following ...
Yuan Y - - 2000
This article summarizes previous studies on blood ammonia levels in relation to exercise. The dynamics of blood ammonia were reviewed with consideration to its production, removal, and distribution in various tissue compartments. During intense exercise, the primary source of ammonia is adenosine monophosphate deamination. Catabolism of branched-chain amino acids becomes ...
Eydoux N - - 2000
The effects of endurance training on lactate transport capacity remain controversial. This study examined whether endurance training 1) alters lactate transport capacity, 2) can protect against exhaustive exercise-induced lactate transport alteration, and 3) can modify heart and oxidative muscle monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) content. Forty male Wistar rats were divided ...
Davie A L - - 2000
The associations between velocity during a standardized, submaximal 800-m exercise test and blood lactate concentration after exercise were investigated in Thoroughbred racehorses on sand and grass racetracks. Predicted lactate concentrations for each horse's exercise test velocity were calculated from the line of best fit derived from results at each racetrack. ...
Gao L - - 2000
Promotion of uptake of essential metabolites is a possible reason for the general stimulation of gonococcal metabolism which is caused by lactate (1 mM) in a defined medium containing glucose (5 mM). However, although uptake of(14)C adenine by gonococci [strain BS4(agar)] held for 4 or 7 min at 37 degrees ...
Brooks G A - - 2000
The "lactate shuttle hypothesis" holds that lactate plays a key role in the distribution of carbohydrate potential energy that occurs among various tissue and cellular compartments such as between: cytosol and mitochondria, muscle and blood, blood and muscle, active and inactive muscles, white and red muscles, blood and heart, arterial ...
Oyono-Enguéllé S - - 2000
PURPOSE: Relative to healthy control individuals with normal hemoglobin (Hb), patients carrying the double heterozygous form of sickle cell disease (HbSC) display an impaired oxygen transport capacity. The present study was undertaken to determine the influence of the decreased oxygen availability associated with the presence of HbSC on the cardiorespiratory ...
Dubouchaud H - - 2000
To evaluate the effects of endurance training on the expression of monocarboxylate transporters (MCT) in human vastus lateralis muscle, we compared the amounts of MCT1 and MCT4 in total muscle preparations (MU) and sarcolemma-enriched (SL) and mitochondria-enriched (MI) fractions before and after training. To determine if changes in muscle lactate ...
Spriet L L - - 2000
This paper examines the production of lactate in human skeletal muscle over a range of power outputs (35-250% VO2max) from an enzymatic flux point of view. The conversion of pyruvate and NADH to lactate and NAD in the cytoplasm of muscle cells is catalyzed by the near-equilibrium enzyme lactate dehydrogenase ...
Linossier M T - - 2000
The hyperoxia-improved tolerance to maximal aerobic performance was studied in relation to exercising muscle metabolic state. Five students were submitted to four different tests on a cycle ergometer, each being conducted under normoxia and hyperoxia (60% FiO2) on separate days: Test 1, a progressive exercise until exhaustion to determine the ...
Carter H - - 2000
The aim of this study was to assess the responses of blood lactate and pyruvate during the lactate minimum speed test. Ten participants (5 males, 5 females; mean +/- s: age 27.1+/-6.7 years, VO2max 52.0+/-7.9 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1)) completed: (1) the lactate minimum speed test, which involved supramaximal ...
Medbø J I - - 2000
After intense exercise muscle may give off hydrogen ions independently of lactate, perhaps by a mechanism involving sodium ions. To examine this possibility further five healthy young men cycled for 2 min to exhaustion. Blood was drawn from catheters in the femoral artery and vein during exercise and at 1-h ...
Kronfeld D S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine lactate breakpoint of horses and test for effects of training and dietary supplementation with corn oil on that breakpoint. ANIMALS: 7 healthy Arabian horses. PROCEDURES: Horses received a control diet (n = 4) or a diet supplemented with 10% corn oil (4). A training program, which comprised ...
Forsyth J J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of using blood taken from the toe for the assessment of plasma lactate concentration in rowers. To achieve this, values were compared with those taken from the fingertip and earlobe. METHODS: Nine subjects exercised at two separate submaximum workloads on the Concept II rowing ergometer. ...
Petersen S R - - 2000
This study evaluated the effects of hyperoxia (inspired oxygen fraction = 40%) on performance during a simulated firefighting work circuit (SFWC) consisting of five events. On separate days, 17 subjects completed at least three orientation trials followed by two experimental trials while breathing either normoxic (NOX) and hyperoxic (HOX) gas ...
Moquin A - - 2000
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of dehydration on the lactate threshold and performance time to exhaustion in women. METHODS: Seven moderately trained women (age = 23.6 +/- 1.6 yr) performed two graded exercise tests on separate occasions, once in a normally hydrated state (HY) ...
Petibois C - - 2000
This study is the first to assess the analytic potential of Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy in determining exercise-induced metabolic changes, such as glucose and lactate serum concentrations, with single 50 microL blood microsamples. One-hundred ninety-eight capillary blood samples were taken at rest (rest serum) and after rowing exercises at different ...
Finsterer J - - 2000
Since there are only few data available about the lactate stress test in a group of patients with mitochondrial myopathy, we investigated the sensitivity of this test in a larger cohort of such patients. Serum lactate was determined before, during and after a 15 minute, constant 30 W workload on ...
Samelis J - - 2000
Strains of the Lactobacillus sakei/curvatus group, mainly non-slime-producing Lact. sakei, dominated the microbial flora of industrially manufactured taverna sausage, a traditional Greek cooked meat, stored at 4 degrees C and 10 degrees C in air, vacuum and 100% CO2. Atypical, arginine-positive and melibiose-negative strains of this group were isolated. The ...
Prioux J - - 2000
We investigated the effects of age on breathing pattern, mouth occlusion pressure, the ratio of mouth occlusion pressure to mean inspiratory flow, and venous blood lactate kinetics during incremental exercise. Mouth occlusion pressure was used as an index of inspiratory neuromuscular activity, and its ratio to mean inspiratory flow was ...
Siciliano G G Department of Neurosciences, University of Pisa, Italy. - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an aerobic training program on the metabolic and sympathetic responses to exercise in 12 patients with mitochondrial myopathies. A 10-week course of aerobic training, consisting of supervised exercise every other day on an electrically braked pedal-rate bicycle ergometer was ...
Feliu J - - 1999
Blood lactate concentrations in capillary samples obtained from the ear lobe or from the finger tip are used indistinctly, since they are considered equivalents. The aim of the study reported in this paper was to verify whether that assumption is valid due to the practical implications which any possible differences ...
Chicharro J L - - 1999
Twelve trained young males (age: 24 +/- 5 years) performed an incremental test to exhaustion during which capillary blood and saliva samples were obtained to determine the blood lactate (LT) and salivary amylase (T(sa)) thresholds. The root mean-square voltage of electromyographic activity (rms-EMG) of the vastus lateralis muscle was also ...
Carter H - - 1999
The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity of the lactate minimum speed test to changes in endurance fitness resulting from a 6 week training intervention. Sixteen participants (mean +/- s: age 23+/-4 years; body mass 69.7+/-9.1 kg) completed 6 weeks of endurance training. Another eight participants (age ...
Bacon L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Maximum lactate steady state (MLSS) is defined as the highest steady state exercise level one can maintain while also maintaining an equilibrium between the elimination of blood lactate and the diffusion of lactate into the blood. MLSS is an excellent tool for assessing fitness level, predicting endurance performance, and ...
Ide K - - 1999
We studied cerebral oxygenation and metabolism during submaximal cycling in 12 subjects. At two work rates, middle cerebral artery blood velocity increased from 62 +/- 3 to 63 +/- 3 and 70 +/- 5 cm/s as did cerebral oxygenation determined by near-infrared spectroscopy. Oxyhemoglobin increased by 10 +/- 3 and ...
Bergman B C - - 1999
We evaluated the hypotheses that endurance training decreases arterial lactate concentration ([lactate](a)) during continuous exercise by decreasing net lactate release () and appearance rates (R(a)) and increasing metabolic clearance rate (MCR). Measurements were made at two intensities before [45 and 65% peak O(2) consumption (VO(2 peak))] and after training [65% ...
Foster C - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: We have previously hypothesized restricted muscle blood flow during speed skating, secondary to the high intramuscular forces intrinsic to the unique posture assumed by speed skaters and to the prolonged duty cycle of the skating stroke. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we studied speed skaters (N = 10) during ...
Yges C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although in the last few years it has been possible to determine blood ammonia, its application in coaching practice has not yet been fully established. This study was designed to evaluate the blood ammonia response to a laboratory incremental exercise test and three steady-state field tests. METHODS: There were ...
Christmass M A - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to compare rates of substrate oxidation in two protocols of intermittent exercise, with identical treadmill speed and total work duration, to reduce the effect of differences in factors such as muscle fibre type activation, hormonal responses, muscle glucose uptake and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) ...
MacLean D A - - 1999
The purpose of the present study was to use the microdialysis technique to determine skeletal muscle interstitial glucose and lactate concentrations during dynamic incremental exercise in humans. Microdialysis probes were inserted into the vastus lateralis muscle, and subjects performed knee extensor exercise at workloads of 10, 20, 30, 40, and ...
Siciliano G G Department of Neurosciences, Neurological Clinics, University of Pisa, Italy. - - 1999
Sympathetic system activation is considered one of the main factors influencing lactate production during exercise in normal individuals. In order to assess the role of such activation in mitochondrial myopathies, we compared blood catecholamine levels to those of lactate during an intermittent exercise performed at workloads near anaerobic lactate threshold. ...
Meyer T - - 1999
Often exercise intensities are defined as percentages of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) or heart rate (HRmax). PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to test the applicability of these criteria in comparison with the individual anaerobic threshold. METHODS: One progressive cycling test to exhaustion (initial stage 100 W, increment 50 ...
Dubouchaud H - - 1999
The effect of a single bout of exhaustive exercise on muscle lactate transport capacity was studied in rat skeletal muscle sarcolemmal (SL) vesicles. Rats were assigned to a control (C) group (n = 14) or an acutely exercised (E) group (n = 20). Exercise consisted of treadmill running (25 m/min, ...
Moreau K L - - 1999
Studies have reported that ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) are a valid tool for exercise prescription when blood lactate concentration (BLC) is used as the intensity criterion. However, few have studied the relationship between RPE and BLC during commonly used graded exercise tests (GXTs) and simulated exercise training. The purpose ...
Väihkönen L K - - 1999
In horses, both the post exercise distribution of lactate between plasma and red blood cells (RBC) and the activity of lactate transporters on the RBC membrane vary widely between individuals. In this study, we investigated the effects of pH, time and temperature on lactate distribution in vitro, and compared the ...
Lucía A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the validity and reliability of surface electromyography (EMG) as a new non-invasive determinant of the metabolic response to incremental exercise in elite cyclists. The relation between EMG activity and other more conventional methods for analysing the aerobic-anaerobic transition such as blood lactate measurements (lactate threshold (LT) and ...
Simões H G - - 1999
The equilibrium point between blood lactate production and removal (La-(min)) and the individual anaerobic threshold (IAT) protocols have been used to evaluate exercise. During progressive exercise, blood lactate [La-]b, catecholamine and cortisol concentrations, show exponential increases at upper anaerobic threshold intensities. Since these hormones enhance blood glucose concentrations [Glc]b, this ...
Trudeau F - - 1999
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the potential inhibition of adipose tissue mobilization by lactate. Eight male subjects (age, 26. 25 +/- 1.75 yr) in good physical condition (maximal oxygen uptake, 59.87 +/- 2.77 ml. kg-1. min-1; %body fat, 10.15 +/- 0.89%) participated in this study. For each ...
Oosthuyse T - - 1999
PURPOSE: An athlete's ability to repeatedly perform at high intensities during intermittent exercise could be related to an accelerated plasma lactate removal ability during recovery periods. METHODS: We determined the decline in plasma lactate levels during passive recovery after an incremental exercise test to exhaustion on a bicycle ergometer in ...
Branco L G - - 1999
Hypoxia induces a regulated decrease in body temperature (Tb; anapyrexia) in organisms ranging from protozoans to mammals, but very little is known about the mechanisms involved. Several candidates have been suggested to mediate hypoxia-induced anapyrexia, among them lactate, which is a classical compansion of hypoxic stress in vertebrates. The present ...
Baum K - - 1999
PURPOSE: Roller skiing is frequently used in Nordic disciplines during the off-season periods. Recently, in-line skating has become a potential alternative. In the present study, the responses of heart rate, oxygen uptake, respiratory exchange ratio, and lactic acid concentration to roller skiing and in-line skating were compared in competitive biathletes. ...
Sladen R N - - 1999
Physiologic hyperlactatemia must be distinguished from lactate acidosis (lactate > 5 mM/L, pH < 7.32). Sustained lactic acidosis, or changes in lactate in response to inotropic support, are useful predictors of mortality in severe sepsis and trauma, and superior to hemodynamic markers such as DO2 and VO2. Base deficit is ...
Kinugawa T - - 1999
Plasma levels of ammonia and hypoxanthine (HX) can be indices of purine nucleotide degradation. The present study determined if patients with heart failure (HF) have altered exercise plasma ammonia and HX levels relative to the peak work rate performed. Blood lactate, plasma ammonia, and plasma HX levels were measured in ...
Fukuba Y - - 1999
The aim of this study was to measure serial changes in the rate of blood lactate clearance (gamma2) in response to sequential periods of training and detraining in four male triathletes aged 22-44 years. There were two major phases of training and taper, each lasting 4-5 weeks (training 1 = ...
Weston A R - - 1999
Nine African and eight Caucasian 10-km runners resident at sea level volunteered. Maximal O2 consumption and peak treadmill velocity (PTV) were measured by using a progressive test, and fatigue resistance [time to fatigue (TTF)] was measured by using a newly developed high-intensity running test: 5 min at 72, 80, and ...
Beaufort-Krol G C - - 1999
In a previous study [G. C. M. Beaufort-Krol, J. Takens, M. C. Molenkamp, G. B. Smid, J. J. Meuzelaar, W. G. Zijlstra, and J. R. G. Kuipers. Am. J. Physiol. 275 (Heart Circ. Physiol. 44): H1503-H1512, 1998], a lower systemic O2 supply was found in lambs with aortopulmonary left-to-right shunts. ...
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