Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1438
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Dalsgaard Mads K - - 2003
Maximal exercise reduces the cerebral metabolic ratio (O2/(glucose + 1/2 lactate)) to < 4 from a resting value close to 6, and only part of this decrease is explained by the 'intent' to exercise. This study evaluated whether sensory stimulation of brain by muscle ischaemia would reduce the cerebral metabolic ...
Dotan R - - 2003
Characteristically, children recover faster than adults from various types of exercise. The purpose of the present study was to explain the children's faster recovery, in part, by addressing lactate (La) removal and comparing La disappearance dynamics in the two age groups following exercise of both similar and dissimilar peak blood-lactate ...
Roef Mark J - - 2003
We studied the role of lactate in gluconeogenesis (GNG) during exercise in untrained fasting humans. During the final hour of a 4-h cycle exercise at 33-34% maximal O(2) uptake, seven subjects received, in random order, either a sodium lactate infusion (60 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1)) or an isomolar sodium ...
Bret C - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether track running specialisation could be associated with differences in the ability to exchange and remove lactate. Thirty-four male high-level runners were divided into two groups according to their specialty (100 - 400 m/800 - 1500 m). All performed a 1-min 25.2 ...
Chavez Pedro N - - 2003
Metabolic interventions improve performance during demand-induced ischemia by reducing myocardial lactate production and improving regional systolic function. We tested the hypotheses that 1) stimulation of glycolysis would increase lactate production and improve ventricular wall motion, and 2) the addition of fatty acid oxidation inhibition would reduce lactate production and further ...
Billat Véronique L - - 2003
The maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) is defined as the highest blood lactate concentration (MLSSc) and work load (MLSSw) that can be maintained over time without a continual blood lactate accumulation. A close relationship between endurance sport performance and MLSSw has been reported and the average velocity over a marathon ...
Sandoval Darleen A - - 2003
To test whether the oral contraceptive pill cycle affects endocrine and metabolic responses to hypoxic (fraction of inspired oxygen = 13%, P(IO2): 95 mmHg; H) versus normoxic (P(IO2):153 mmHg; N) exercise, we examined eight women (28 +/- 1.2 yr) during the third (PILL) and placebo (PLA) weeks of their monthly ...
Hyndman C A - - 2003
Using triploidy as an experimental model, we examined whether cell size limits the post-exercise recovery process in fish. Because triploids generally possess larger cells, which could affect many physiological and biochemical processes, we hypothesized that triploids would take longer to recover from exhaustive exercise compared to diploids. To test this, ...
Kenefick R W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The importance of lactate threshold (LT) as a determinant of performance in endurance sports has been established. In addition, it has been shown that during running and selected other endurance competitions, athletes perform at a velocity and VO2 slightly above LT for the duration of the event. Prior work ...
Yuan Y - - 2002
During standard graded exercise, blood lactate and blood ammonia levels increase in parallel and the two thresholds appear at the same relative intensity. The first part of this study aimed at comparing ammonia threshold to lactate threshold with five different graded exercise protocols. A significant difference between the two thresholds ...
Gray Susan C - - 2002
PURPOSE: This study investigated whether active warm-up (AW) would increase muscle acetylcarnitine concentration before exercise, thereby reducing the reliance on nonoxidative ATP production during subsequent high-intensity exercise. METHODS: Six female subjects performed a 30-s sprint at 120% of their maximal power output on an electronically braked cycle ergometer 5 min ...
Smith Mark F - - 2002
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the effects of different lactate elevation protocols on the determination of the lactate minimum (Lac(min)) point. METHODS: Eight highly trained racing cyclists each completed four continuous ramp lactate minimum tests using the following blood lactate elevation protocols: 1) continuous ramp maximal ...
Esquivel G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To test the possible antipanic effects of acute exercise in healthy volunteers exposed to an inhalation of 35% CO2 challenge. METHOD: Twenty healthy subjects in a randomized separate group design, performed exercise in a bicycle ergometer reaching >6 mm of blood lactate and a control condition of minimal activity ...
Voltarelli F A - - 2002
The break point of the curve of blood lactate vs exercise load has been called anaerobic threshold (AT) and is considered to be an important indicator of endurance exercise capacity in human subjects. There are few studies of AT determination in animals. We describe a protocol for AT determination by ...
Miller Benjamin F - - 2002
To test the hypothesis that lactate plays a central role in the distribution of carbohydrate (CHO) potential energy for oxidation and glucose production (GP), we performed a lactate clamp (LC) procedure during rest and moderate intensity exercise. Blood [lactate] was clamped at approximately 4 mM by exogenous lactate infusion. Subjects ...
Beneke Ralph - - 2003
It is assumed that the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) can be used to establish the highest workload that can be maintained over time without continual blood lactate accumulation. In untrained subjects, and in both elite and junior athletes, MLSS occurs at different blood lactate concentrations (BLC) for different exercise ...
Hasbak Philip - - 2002
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and adrenomedullin (AM) are potent vasorelaxant peptides. This study examined exercise-induced changes in CGRP and AM levels in 12 healthy sea level natives at sea level (SL) and subsequently after 24 h (HA1) and 5 days (HA5) in high altitude hypoxia (4559 m). Plasma values of ...
Axelson Hans W - - 2002
Consecutive 60-min microdialysis samples were taken from the tibial anterior muscle in 11 healthy subjects and 4 patients with mitochondrial myopathy before (2-3 samples) and after (3-4 samples, 2 controls and 1 patient excluded) sustained isometric foot dorsiflexions. Before exercise, mean concentrations of lactate, pyruvate, hypoxanthine, urate, aspartate, and glutamate ...
LeBlanc P J - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of respiratory alkalosis on human skeletal muscle metabolism at rest and during submaximal exercise. Subjects exercised on two occasions for 15 min at 55 % of their maximal oxygen uptake while either hyperventilating (R-Alk) or breathing normally (Con). Muscle biopsies ...
Van Hall G - - 2003
To study the role of muscle mass and muscle activity on lactate and energy kinetics during exercise, whole body and limb lactate, glucose, and fatty acid fluxes were determined in six elite cross-country skiers during roller-skiing for 40 min with the diagonal stride (Continuous Arm + Leg) followed by 10 ...
Koho N M - - 2002
The lactate transport activity of red blood cells (RBC) varies widely among different species; in equine RBC, the activity of the main lactate carrier, H+-monocarboxylate co-transporter (MCT), is distributed bimodally. The influence of lactate transport activity is measurable in vivo; after maximal exercise, the RBC lactate concentration in horses with ...
Serrano M G - - 2002
The aim of this study was to investigate the heart rate and blood lactate responses to exercise in event horses in normal training, and to compare them to those encountered in eventing competition. It was hypothesised that the responses during exercise in the course of training for CCI*** events would ...
Sanchez Javier - - 2002
The general objective of this study was to evaluate a crude Ostertagia ostertagi antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for monitoring gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cattle. A longitudinal study of gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cows was carried out in 38 herds in four provinces of Canada (Prince Edward Island, ...
Messonnier L - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between lactate exchange and removal abilities and the capacity to prolong exercise, as assessed by the time to exhaustion (Tlim) at a work rate corresponding to VO(2)max (Pa max ). The individual blood lactate recovery curves obtained for 13 ...
Kazemi-Esfarjani Pedram - - 2002
Ischemic forearm exercise invariably causes muscle cramps and pain in patients with glycolytic defects. We investigated an alternative diagnostic exercise test that may be better tolerated. Nine patients with McArdle disease, one with the partial glycolytic defect phosphoglycerate mutase deficiency, and nine matched, healthy subjects performed the classic ischemic forearm ...
Schaefer A - - 2002
To investigate the effect of L-arginine supplementation (L-ARG) on physiological and metabolic changes during exercise, we determined in a double-blind study the cardiorespiratory (heart rate, oxygen consumption (VO(2)) and carbon dioxide production (VCO(2)) and the metabolic (lactate and ammonia) responses to maximal exercise after either an intravenous L-ARG hydrochloride salt ...
Van Hall G - - 2002
We hypothesized that reliance on lactate as a means of energy distribution is higher after a prolonged period of acclimatization (9 wk) than it is at sea level due to a higher lactate Ra and disposal from active skeletal muscle. To evaluate this hypothesis, six Danish lowlanders (25 +/- 2 ...
Singh Rabindarjeet - - 2002
Adaptations in the structural and/or functional properties of cells, tissues and organ systems in the human body occurs when exposed to various stimuli. While there is unanimous agreement that regular physical activity is essential for optimal function of the human body, it is evident that extrinsic factors, such as diet, ...
Siciliano Gabriele - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although the pathogenic mechanisms of selective loss of motor neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are unknown, there is increasing evidence for the hypothesis of an oxidative stress-related mitochondrial involvement as key determinant of motor neuron degeneration OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study has been to assess blood levels ...
Baker Julien - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the upper-body contribution via handgrip to power profiles and blood lactate concentrations during high-intensity cycle ergometry. METHODS: Nine trained male subjects each completed a 20-s high-intensity cycle ergometer test twice, in a random manner, using two protocols, with a handgrip (WG), ...
MacIntosh Brian R - - 2002
This study evaluated the reliability and validity of the lactate minimum test (LMT), an incremental test given after lactic acidosis was induced by sprint exercise. This test is purported to accurately estimate the intensity of exercise at which the transport of lactate into and out of the blood is in ...
Thin Alasdair G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The anaerobic threshold (AT) is a submaximal index related to endurance exercise performance, which is usually determined by the measurement of blood lactate concentration during an incremental exercise test (lactate threshold [LT]). The LT, and thus the AT, can also be detected noninvasively in normal subjects by means of ...
Røge Birgit T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the skeletal muscle mitochondrial function in HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy or elevated p-lactate levels. DESIGN: Eight HIV patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy, with lipodystrophy or elevated p-lactate, and eight healthy controls were exposed to incremental exercise until exhaustion. METHODS: Blood samples and gas analysis were ...
Roef Mark J - - 2002
This study evaluated lactate disposal via gluconeogenesis as well as effects of FFA availability on gluconeogenesis via pyruvate (GNG(PYR)) in patients with mitochondrial myopathy due to complex I deficiency (CID). The rates of GNG(PYR) were measured in three CID patients and six healthy controls at rest and during 90 min ...
Grant S - - 2002
The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of blood lactate measurements, heart rate (HR) and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) during treadmill exercise at speeds corresponding to the lactate threshold ( v(Th,la)-) and a fixed blood lactate concentration of 4 mmol.l(-1)( v(la)-(,4)). Possible differences in reproducibility related ...
Dalsgaard Mads K - - 2002
During and after maximal exercise there is a 15-30 % decrease in the metabolic uptake ratio (O(2)/[glucose + 1/2 lactate]) and a net lactate uptake by the human brain. This study evaluated if this cerebral metabolic uptake ratio is influenced by the intent to exercise, and whether a change could ...
Andreacci Joseph L - - 2002
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of frequency of verbal encouragement during maximal exercise testing. Twenty-eight participants (12 males, 16 females) aged 20.9 +/- 1.5 years (mean +/- s) performed a maximal exercise test (VO2max) on a treadmill without any verbal encouragement. The participants were matched ...
Lagally Kristen M - - 2002
PURPOSE: This study examined ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) during resistance exercise in women. In addition, changes in blood lactic acid and biceps muscle activity assessed using electromyography (EMG) were investigated as potential mediators of RPE during resistance exercise. METHODS: Twenty female volunteers (age, 25 +/- 4 yr) performed one ...
Mc Naughton L R - - 2002
This study aimed to compare the performance of a new portable lactate analyser against other standard laboratory methods in three conditions, normal (20 +/- 1.3 degrees C; 40 +/- 5 % RH), hot (40 +/- 2.5 degrees C; 40 +/- 5 % RH), and humid (20 +/- 1.1 degrees C; ...
John Mina - - 2002
Hyperlactatemia associated with use of nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) is not a single entity but a spectrum of abnormalities. The spectrum reflects varying degrees of derangement in systemic homeostasis in the face of primary drug effects on lactate load. Lactic acidosis, characterized by metabolic acidosis, blood lactate above ...
Kenefick Robert W - - 2002
The purpose of this investigation was to observe the effect of hypohydration (-4% body mass) on lactate threshold (LAT) in 14 collegiate athletes (8 men and 6 women; age, 20.9 +/- 0.5 years; height, 171.1 +/- 2.4 cm; weight, 64.8 +/- 2.3 kg; V(O)2 max, 62.8 +/- 1.9 ml x ...
Ashina M - - 2002
Painful impulses from tender pericranial muscles may play a major role in the pathophysiology of chronic tension-type headache. Firm evidence for peripheral muscle pathology as a cause of muscle pain and chronic headache is still lacking. Using a microdialysis technique, we aimed to estimate in vivo blood flow and interstitial ...
Bentley David J - - 2002
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the blood lactate concentration ([La]), stroke distance (D(s)), and swim index (SI) during an incremental swim test (IST) in elite swimmers who had a loss in mobility (LM) (n = 6) or who had full mobility (FM) (n = 5) of the ...
Ratel S - - 2002
The aim of this study was to investigate the acid-base balance during repeated cycling sprints in children and adults. Eleven boys (9.6 +/- 0.7 yr) and ten men (20.4 +/- 0.8 yr) performed ten 10-s sprints on a cycle ergometer separated by 30-s passive recovery intervals. To measure the time ...
Gloor M - - 2002
Twenty subjects with healthy skin were treated with the following formulations for two weeks: drug-free W/O vehicle, 5% ammonium lactate (CAS 52003-58-4) in W/O vehicle, 5% urea (CAS 57-13-6) in W/O vehicle, 3% ammonium lactate + 3% urea in W/O vehicle, 5% ammonium lactate + 5% urea in W/O vehicle. ...
Kett-White R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Temporary Internal Carotid Artery (ICA) clipping necessary during aneurysm surgery was used as a model to investigate metabolic changes in the human brain during defined episodes of ischaemia. DESIGN: An observational study using intracerebral monitors: PBO2 (Neurotrend) and microdialysis (CMA, Sweden). SUBJECTS: 16 patients monitored during complex aneurysm surgery. ...
Green H - - 2002
To investigate the effects of a single session of prolonged cycle exercise [60% peak O2 uptake (VO2 peak) for 5-6 h] on metabolic adaptations in working vastus lateralis muscle, nine untrained males (peak O2 uptake = 47.2 +/- 1.1 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1), means +/- SE) were examined before ...
Brun J F - - 2002
In three separate studies, we have observed that the rise in blood lactate during exercise is correlated to blood viscosity and red cell aggregation. Whether these results were related to an effect of blood rheology on lactate production by muscles or on lactate disappearance remains unknown. The modelling of postexercise ...
Pösö A R - - 2002
Lactate is known as the end product of anaerobic glycolysis, a pathway that is of key importance during high intensity exercise. Instead of being a waste product lactate is now regarded as a valuable substrate that significantly contributes to the energy production of heart, non-contracting muscles and even brain. The ...
Kieffer J D - - 2001
Experiments were conducted to determine the physiological responses to exercise of Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrhynchus) and shortnose sturgeon (A. brevirostrum). We measured the rates of oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion in both species and a variety of physiological parameters in both muscle (e.g. lactate, glycogen, pyruvate, glucose and phosphocreatine concentrations) ...
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