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Yamauchi, Takeshi
YAMAUCHI, T. and MATSUI, N. Effect of Blood on Plasma Ammonia and Lactate Concentrations During Incremental Esercise in Men. Abv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.2, No.2 pp.71-78, 1996. This study was designed to ecalute whether extracellular ...
Shou, Guo-chiang
SHOU, G.C. and ISHIKO, T., Effect of Thermal Dehydration on Blood Lactate Accumulation During Incremental Exercise under Different Environmental Conditions. Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.1, No.2 pp1-7, 1995. The purpose of this study was to investigate tje levels of blood lactate (HLa) during increncetal exerice in both a hot and ...
Hadsell Darryl L - - 2006
Milk synthesis by the mammary gland declines during prolonged lactation despite the continued suckling stimulus and complete removal of mammary secretions. Although this process has been hypothesized to result from cellular aging there has been no reported analysis of aging markers in the lactating mammary gland. The goal of these ...
Stellingwerff Trent - - 2006
The aim of this study was to determine whether the decreased muscle and blood lactate during exercise with hyperoxia (60% inspired O2) vs. room air is due to decreased muscle glycogenolysis, leading to decreased pyruvate and lactate production and efflux. We measured pyruvate oxidation via PDH, muscle pyruvate and lactate ...
Ionescu Alina A - - 2006
Exercise is associated with release of inflammatory mediators in the circulation and there is evidence that the exercising muscles and tendons are sources of interleukin-6. Due to the catabolic effects of some cytokines, increased release in circulation might contribute to alterations in body composition in adults with cystic fibrosis. We ...
Messonnier L - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to relate the training-induced alterations in lactate kinetics parameters to the concomitant changes in time to exhaustion (T(lim)) at a work rate corresponding to maximal oxygen uptake (Pa(peak)). Eight subjects performed before and after training i) an incremental exercise up to exhaustion to ...
Valeri C Robert - - 2006
Hemoglobin based oxygen carriers (HBOC) are resuspended in "excipients" consisting of Ringer's D,L-lactate containing antioxidants to prevent methemoglobin formation during storage. Investigators have reported cardiac arrhythmias following infusion of Ringer's D,L-lactate solution. Studies have shown that D-lactate stimulates human granulocytes to generate oxygen free radicals and L-lactate inhibits glycolysis. Patients ...
Sagiv Moran M The Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Division, The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences at the Wingate Institute , - - 2006
Backpack carriage occurs in day-to-day tasks and has applications in school, physical training, recreational activities and sports. Using metabolic cart and echocardiograph, this study determined and examined the effects of two different load carriages on left ventricular function during 30 min. of treadmill walking in healthy adolescent male subjects. Seventeen ...
McIver K L KL Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, - - 2006
The purpose of these investigations was to determine if differences exist in skeletal muscle nutritive blood flow and lactate metabolism in women with fibromyalgia (FM) compared to healthy women (HC); furthermore, to determine if differences in nitric oxide-mediated systems account for any detected alterations in blood flow and lactate metabolism ...
Crisafulli Antonio - - 2006
To date, few attempts have been made to correlate cardiovascular variables to lactate threshold (L(T)). This study was designed to determine the relationship between the accumulation of blood lactate and several haemodynamic variables during exercise. Eight male volunteer cyclists performed an incremental test on an electromagnetically braked cycle-ergometer consisting of ...
Baldari C - - 2005
AIM: Optimal lactate removal was reported to occur at work-rate between 30% and 70% VO2max. However, it has been recently recommended to quantify exercise intensity not in percentage of VO2max but in relation to validated metabolic reference points such as the individual anaerobic threshold (IAT) and the individual ventilatory threshold ...
Garcin M - - 2005
The purpose of this investigation was to study effects of acetaminophen consumption on ratings of perceived exertion and estimated time limit responses at the lactate threshold. 98 young regional to national level athletes performed a graded exhausting exercise on an outdoor running track to estimate their maximal aerobic velocity and ...
Paccotti P - - 2005
Physical exercise is associated with increases of serum and salivary levels of cortisol. The concomitant increase in serum lactate has been implicated as one of the mechanisms responsible for adrenocortical activation. We evaluated the responses of serum lactate and serum and salivary cortisol to an acute bout of high-intensity isokinetic ...
Meissner T - - 2005
Exercise-induced hyperinsulinism (EIHI) is a recently described entity characterised by recurrent episodes of hypoglycaemia induced by physical exercise. The index patient for this disorder and a matched control were subjected to aerobic and anaerobic exercise tests on a cycle ergometer. Aerobic exercise was performed at an intensity of 60% of ...
Sara Fagnété - - 2006
The physical and physiological behavior of sickle cell trait carriers (AS) is somewhat equivocal under strenuous conditions, although this genetic abnormality is generally considered to be a benign disorder. The occurrence of incidents and severe injuries in AS during exercise might be explained, in part, by the lactic acidosis due ...
Kilding Andrew E - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The maximum lactate steady state (MLSS) represents the highest intensity of exercise at which a balance exists between the rate of lactate production and the rate of lactate clearance. The MLSS is an important determinant of endurance exercise performance but its determination, which involves 4-5 laboratory visits, is labor-intensive ...
Gröhn Y T - - 2005
The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of clinical mastitis (CM) (both with and without specific pathogen identification) occurring in different stages of lactation on length of herd life in two New York State dairy farms. The 2,697 cows in the study were followed for one lactation ...
Kato Takahide - - 2005
The present study examined the effects of hypercapnia on changes in blood pH, plasma lactate and ammonia due to exhaustive exercise. Six male subjects underwent exercise of increasing intensity until exhaustion: (1) breathing air = MAX (maximal exercise), or (2) under hypercapnia (HC: 21% O(2), 6% CO(2)) that had been ...
Li Jia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the causes of imbalance of oxygen transport by continuously measuring oxygen consumption (VO2) during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in pigs. METHODS: Six pigs (17.2+/-1.6 kg) underwent hypothermic (32 degrees C) CPB for 180 min with 120 min of aortic crossclamping (ACC). An AMIS 2000 mass spectrometer was ...
Dekerle J - - 2005
Critical power and critical swimming speed (CSS) are mathematically defined as intensities that could theoretically be maintained indefinitely without exhaustion. Several investigations have been conducted to attribute a physiological meaning to these variables, but results in swimming remain equivocal. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare CSS with ...
Vissing John - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Muscle phosphoglycerate mutase deficiency (PGAMD) is a rare, recessively inherited metabolic myopathy that affects one of the last steps of glycolysis. Clinically, PGAMD resembles muscle phosphorylase deficiency (McArdle disease) and phosphofructokinase deficiency (PFKD). However, it is unknown whether PGAMD is associated with a second-wind phenomenon during exercise, as in ...
Doutreleau Stéphane - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine, in heart failure patients (HF), whether acute or chronic L-arginine supplementation (LAS) might delay the ventilatory threshold (VT) and whether chronic LAS might reduce exercise-induced plasma lactate increase. HF patients undertook 4 cardiopulmonary bicycle exercises tests. The first 3 were maximal without ...
McMorris T - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine how exercise at moderate and maximal intensities affects performance on a choice response time, whole body psychomotor task. METHODS: Subjects (n = 12) were tested on a three-choice response time task, after rest and after exercise at 70% and 100% maximum power output (W*max). The dependent variables ...
Beneke Ralph - - 2005
Whether age-related differences in blood lactate concentrations (BLC) reflect specific BLC kinetics was analyzed in 15 prepubescent boys (age 12.0 +/- 0.6 yr, height 1.54 +/- 0.06 m, body mass 40.0 +/- 5.2 kg), 12 adolescents (16.3 +/- 0.7 yr, 1.83 +/- 0.07 m, 68.2 +/- 7.5 kg), and 12 ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to determine whether arterialized fingertip blood-gas samples are comparable to arterial samples at rest and at exercise. DESIGN: Repeated measures, with subjects serving as their own controls. SETTING: Department of Anesthesia, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, (January to April 2004). PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen healthy men (age ...
Meredith Carolyn - - 2005
Each year, reports occur of deaths in individuals, while struggling against physical restraint. The mechanism of these deaths remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the effect of wrist restraint on cardiorespiratory function during maximal exercise. Twelve healthy volunteers underwent 3 incremental maximal exercise tests on a cycle ergometer. In ...
Olek Robert A - - 2005
In this work, we investigated the influence of NADH on the redox state of myoglobin and the roles of pyruvate and lactate in this process. NADH increased the autoxidation rate of myoglobin. Both a drop in pH and partial deoxygenation markedly stimulated the autoxidation process and the influence of NADH. ...
Moorcroft A J - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate symptoms, lactate accumulation and limiting factors at peak exercise in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. In total, 104 CF adults attending an adult CF centre and 27 controls performed progressive cycle ergometry to a symptom-limited maximum. Measurements taken at peak exercise included: heart ...
Kashihara Koji - - 2005
The duration of the enhancement of choice reaction task efficiency by physical exercise at lactate threshold was studied. After healthy male students completed the exercise or nonexercise (control) period for 10 min., they performed a three-choice reaction task for 20 min. The mean heart rate during the choice reaction task ...
Burmeister Jason J - - 2005
A newly developed multisite array microelectrode for in vivo measurements of L-lactate is presented. The resulting microelectrode is composed of three functional layers. First, Nafion is used to repel interfering electroactive anions, such as ascorbate. Second, L-lactate oxidase immobilized onto the recording sites is used to convert L-lactate to hydrogen ...
Binzoni Tiziano - - 2005
It is demonstrated, that the bioenergetic model combined with the mathematical constraints determined by the experimental knowledge of the aerobic metabolism and the Lohmann reaction dictates the exact lactate (La)-time relationship during exercise. The theory predicts that La is necessarily produced (above the resting baseline), even during extremely low work ...
Nagy Peter - - 2005
The occurrence of spontaneous ovulation in dromedaries was examined in two separate studies including 20 non-lactating, barren and 12 lactating dromedaries, respectively. Lactating camels were milked twice a day with an automatic bucket milking machine. Ovarian activity was monitored by repeated ultrasonography. Blood samples for progesterone were collected daily or ...
Dubé Michael P - - 2005
Plasma lactate measurements are typically performed in real time, limiting their usefulness in multicenter or longitudinal studies. To determine the stability of lactate specimens, blood was drawn in sodium fluoride/potassium oxalate tubes from 13 volunteers before and after 5 min of handgrip exercise to intentionally increase lactate concentrations. Plasma was ...
Koch H J - - 2005
Nineteen healthy volunteers were exposed to a standardized exercise test at sea level (SLa), at an altitude of 1700 m before (1700a) and after a moderate 10-day mountain training (1700b), with a final control four weeks later at sea level (SLb). Vital signs, blood lactate and arterial oxygen saturation were ...
Scott Christopher B - - 2005
Whole-body energy expenditure for heavy/severe exercise is currently accounted for by either: (1) anaerobic and oxygen uptake measures during exercise where recovery energy expenditure is omitted; or (2) oxygen uptake during, and an EPOC (excess post-exercise oxygen consumption), measure following exercise where substrate level phosphorylation during exercise is considered part ...
Valenza Franco - - 2005
Lactate measurement in the critically ill has been traditionally used to stratify patients with poor outcome. However, plasma lactate levels are the result of a finely tuned interplay of factors that affect the balance between its production and its clearance. When the oxygen supply does not match its consumption, organisms ...
Moorcroft A J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Short term studies of exercise training have shown benefits in cystic fibrosis. Transferring exercise programmes to the community and sustaining them long term is a challenge for the patient. The effectiveness of an individualised unsupervised home based exercise programme was examined in adults with cystic fibrosis over a 1 ...
Rosendal Lars - - 2004
Local metabolic changes are suggested to be involved in muscle pain development in humans. Nineteen women with chronic work-related trapezius myalgia (TM) and 20 healthy female controls (CON) were studied during baseline rest, 20 min repetitive low-force exercise, and 120 min recovery. Interstitial serotonin (5-HT), glutamate, lactate, pyruvate, and blood ...
Banaschak S - - 2005
To investigate the potential for estimating the time since death by monitoring the evolution of different metabolites in brain tissue by (1)H-MRS, an animal model using pig heads was established. The maximum examination interval was 3 weeks. Within this time interval spectra revealed different compositions of metabolites, including metabolites observed ...
Denadai B S - - 2004
The objective of this study was to verify the effect of the passive recovery time following a supramaximal sprint exercise and the incremental exercise test on the lactate minimum speed (LMS). Thirteen sprinters and 12 endurance runners performed the following tests: (1) a maximal 500 m sprint followed by a ...
Thomas C - - 2005
The present study investigated whether muscular monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1 and 4 contents are related to the blood lactate removal after supramaximal exercise, fatigue indexes measured during different supramaximal exercises, and muscle oxidative parameters in 15 humans with different training status. Lactate recovery curves were obtained after a 1-min all-out ...
Levinger Itamar I Southern Cross University, Lismore NSW 2480 , - - 2004
It has been demonstrated that resistance exercises may improve chronic heart failure (CHF) patients' functional ability and quality of life, however, physicians do not recommend this form of exercise because of a concern for reported increases in afterload and blood pressure (BP) during the exercise. This study compared the heart ...
Denadai B S - - 2004
The maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) is the highest blood lactate concentration that can be identified as maintaining a steady state during a prolonged submaximal constant workload. The objective of the present study was to analyze the influence of the aerobic capacity on the validity of anaerobic threshold (AT) to ...
Sueblinvong Tada - - 2004
The research was aimed to study the effects of a 30 minute exposure to 2.5 ATA with 100% O2-inhalation on lactate concentration after muscular fatigue from incremental exercise on a cycle ergometer The subjects were 60 male naval cadets aged 20-23 years whose physical fitness was equivalent to the average ...
Bauer A-M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: It is unknown whether high levels of lactate result from enhanced production or decreased degradation. We therefore investigated differences in the kinetics of plasma lactic acid in HIV-infected patients receiving or not receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and in uninfected controls after submaximal ergometric exercise. METHODS: Ten healthy ...
Robergs Robert A - - 2004
The development of acidosis during intense exercise has traditionally been explained by the increased production of lactic acid, causing the release of a proton and the formation of the acid salt sodium lactate. On the basis of this explanation, if the rate of lactate production is high enough, the cellular ...
Moraes G - - 2004
Strenuous exercise in fish is usually a consequence of migration, reproduction, and spawning. Varying among fishes, this kind of stress is associated with blood glucose and lactate increase, in relation to which two major groups are distinguishable: the "lactate releasers" and "non-lactate releasers". Unlike strenuous exercise, sustained swimming imposes a ...
Knoepfli B - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in circulating energy sources during prolonged exercise in off season (OS) and pre-season (PS) training of triathletes. METHODS: Nine athletes of the Swiss national triathlon team (three female, mean (SD) age 28.7 (4.9) years, height 169.8 (6.0) cm, weight 57.0 (6.2) kg, VO(2)max 66.5 (5.3) ml/min/kg; ...
Van Schuylenbergh R - - 2004
We investigated the validity of different lactate and ventilatory threshold methods, to estimate heart rate and power output corresponding with the maximal lactate steady-state (MLSS) in elite cyclists. Elite cyclists (n = 21; 21 +/- 0.4 y; VO2peak, 5.4 +/- 0.2 l x min (-1)) performed either one (n = ...
Tuckey Nicholas - - 2004
The physiological responses to exercise and stress of the Antarctic labriform swimmer Pagothenia borchgrevinki were compared to the temperate labriform swimmers Notolabrus celidotus and Notolabrus fucicola. Basic swimming characteristics were very similar amongst the three species with P. borchgrevinki showing a reduced capacity for exercise. P. borchgrevinki showed large increases ...
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