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Tenan Matthew S - - 2011
Local muscle fatigue may be related to potassium efflux from the muscle cell and/or lactate accumulation within the muscle. Local fatigue causes a decrease in median frequency (MPF) of the electromyogram's power spectrum during isometric contractions but its relationship to changes in potassium and lactate during dynamic exercise is equivocal. ...
Ciammola Andrea - - 2011
Mitochondrial defects that affect cellular energy metabolism have long been implicated in the etiology of Huntington's disease (HD). Indeed, several studies have found defects in the mitochondrial functions of the central nervous system and peripheral tissues of HD patients. In this study, we investigated the in vivo oxidative metabolism of ...
Sibold Jeremy S - - 2010
The objective was to estimate the duration of the effects of aerobic exercise on mood. Healthy men (n = 13) and women (n = 35) ages 18 to 25 years (M = 20.2, SD = 3.4) were randomly assigned to either a control or exercise group. Participants completed the Profile ...
Babwah T J R - - 2010
There are many benefits of regular exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the exercise habits and knowledge of the benefits of exercise in a south Trinidad population. This study also sought to determine the motivating factors for exercise and the barriers experienced by those who did not ...
Dalbo Vincent J - - 2010
This investigation examined the safety and efficacy of a silica-based mineral antioxidant complex (MAC) that has been suggested to influence body water and buffer lactate. In a double-blind, randomized crossover design, male participants completed testing for 3 conditions: water only (baseline), rice flour (placebo), and MAC supplementation. Participants visited the ...
Spanoudaki S - - 2010
Intense and prolonged exercise greatly affects circulating cytokine levels. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible changes in tumour necrosis factor -a (TNF-a), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and cortisol concentrations during and after prolonged exercise of constant and alternating intensity of the same duration and total work performed. ...
Toste Alexandra - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is an objective method for assessment of functional capacity and for prognostic stratification of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). In this study, we analyzed the prognostic value of a recently described CPET-derived parameter, the minute ventilation to carbon dioxide production slope normalized for peak oxygen ...
Guellich Arne - - 2010
To compare the intensity distribution during cycling training among elite track cyclists who improved or decreased in ergometer power at 4 mM blood lactate during a 15 wk training period. 51 young male German cyclists (17.4 ± 0.5 y; 30 international, 21 national junior finalists) performed cycle ergometer testing at ...
Josefsen Knud - - 2010
We studied systemic and brain glucose and lactate metabolism in Huntington's disease (HD) patients in response to ergometer cycling. Following termination of exercise, blood glucose increased abruptly in control subjects, but no peak was seen in any of the HD patients (2.0 ± 0.5 vs. 0.0 ± 0.2mM, P < ...
Sahin Sevki - - 2010
Although the pathogenesis of migraine still remains unclear, certain metabolic studies done on patients with migraine indicate possible deficits in mitochondrial activity. Previously, the forearm ischemic exercise test (FIT) has been used as a screening tool to evaluate mitochondrial dysfunction in metabolic myopathies. We studied the response of migraine patients ...
de Almeida Rosemeire Dantas - - 2010
During exercise, ammonia levels are related to the appearance of both central and peripheral fatigue. Therefore, controlling the increase in ammonia levels is an important strategy in ameliorating the metabolic response to exercise and in improving athletic performance. Free amino acids can be used as substrates for ATP synthesis that ...
Menzies Paul - - 2010
High-intensity exercise training contributes to the production and accumulation of blood lactate, which is cleared by active recovery. However, there is no commonly agreed intensity or mode for clearing accumulated blood lactate. We studied clearance of accumulated blood lactate during recovery at various exercise intensities at or below the lactate ...
Brown Peter I - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of inspiratory threshold loading (ITL) and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on blood lactate concentration ([lac(-)]B) and acid-base balance after maximal incremental cycling. METHODS: Eighteen subjects were divided into a control (n = 9) or an IMT group (n = ...
Rimaud Diana - - 2010
This study aimed to investigate if wearing compression stockings (CS) during exercise and recovery could affect lactate profile in sportsmen. Eight young healthy trained male subjects performed two maximal exercise tests on a cycle ergometer on two different occasions performed randomly: CS during both exercise and recovery, and no CS. ...
Simões Rodrigo P - - 2010
The objective of this study was to (a) evaluate the impact of the leg press, at variable percentages of 1 repetition maximum (1RM), on heart rate variability (HRV) and blood lactate and (b) determine the relationship between HRV with blood lactate in a healthy elderly cohort. Ten healthy men (64 ...
Beneke Ralph - - 2010
A model that describes the blood lactate concentration (BLC) dynamics [BLC(t)] of a Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) as a function of (a) BLC at the start of exercise (BLC(0)), (b) extra-vascular increase in lactate (A), (c) two corresponding velocity constants of appearance (k (1)) and disappearance (k (2)) of lactate ...
Tolfrey Keith - - 2010
Fatmax and lactate increase above baseline (LIAB) were measured in 11 adolescent girls and 8 adolescent boys during incremental cycling. Fatmax was the exercise intensity at the point of maximal fat oxidation rate (MFO). The LIAB was the exercise intensity coincident with a sustained increase in blood (lactate) above an ...
Tudorache C - - 2010
The effect of flume length and impingement time on post-exercise lactate concentrations in brook charr Salvelinus fontinalis were examined. Swimming in longer flumes increased lactate concentrations, as does impingement after swimming in short flumes.
Barbosa Tiago M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships between musical cadence and the physiologic adaptations to basic head-out aquatic exercises. Fifteen young and clinically healthy women performed, immersed to the breast, a cardiovascular aquatic exercise called the "rocking horse." The study design included an intermittent and progressive protocol ...
Tutkun Erkut - - 2010
The aim of the present study is to understand the basic relationship between swimming exercise and natural course of epilepsy in animals by performing an electrophysiological study. For this purpose, male Wistar rats were submitted to daily swimming exercise program of three different durations. Animals were swim-exercised for 90 days ...
Zdrenghea D - - 2010
The best evaluation of the severity and prognosis of heart failure patients is obtained by the maximal exercise stress testing, but for the very large number of HF patients and for evaluation of their daily effort capacity submaximal stress testing, mainly 6 minutes walking test are used. The limit of ...
Jeukendrup Asker E - - 2010
Background/Aims: Carbohydrate ingested 30-60 min before exercise may result in hypoglycaemia during exercise, a phenomenon often called rebound or reactive hypoglycaemia. There is considerable confusion regarding pre-exercise carbohydrate feeding with advice that ranges from 'consume carbohydrate in the hour before exercise' to 'avoid carbohydrate in the 60 min prior to ...
Kimura Takehide - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine whether the increase in blood volume in resting muscle during moderately prolonged exercise is related to heart rate (HR) upward drift. Eight healthy men completed both arm-cranking moderately prolonged exercise (APE) and leg-pedaling moderately prolonged exercise (LPE) for 30 min. Exercise intensity ...
Perciavalle Valentina - - 2010
Gender differences in cortical excitability have been detected by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The present study was carried out to compare the effects of high blood lactate levels, induced by performing a maximal exhausting exercise, on the excitability of the primary motor cortex in young male and female athletes. ...
Karinen Heikki M - - 2010
Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a common problem while ascending at high altitude. AMS may progress rapidly to fatal results if the acclimatization process fails or symptoms are neglected and the ascent continues. Extensively reduced arterial oxygen saturation at rest (R-Spo₂) has been proposed as an indicator of inadequate acclimatization ...
Ferreira Clílton K O - - 2010
To analyze the effects of exhausting long-duration physical exercise (swimming) sessions of different durations and intensities on the number and phagocytic capacity of macrophages and neutrophils in sedentary rats. Exercise intensity, duration and frequency are important factors in determining immune response to physical effort. Thus, the effects of exhausting long-duration ...
Buono Michael J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of increases in exercise intensity on the sweat lactate concentration and lactate excretion rate. Eight healthy male volunteers complete a 90-min exercise bout of treadmill walking in a 35 degrees C and 40% relative humidity environmental chamber. During the exercise ...
Macedo Denise Vaz - - 2009
The cause-effect relationship between lactic acid, acidosis, and muscle fatigue has been established in the literature. However, current experiments contradict this premise. Here, we describe an experiment developed by first-year university students planned to answer the following questions: 1) Which metabolic pathways of energy metabolism are responsible for meeting the ...
Cupeiro Rocío - - 2010
Monocarboxylate Transporter 1 (MCT1) mediates the transport of the main fraction of lactate across the sarcolemma. A common polymorphic MCT1 variant has been identified, but its role in high intensity exercise performance has not been defined. We investigated the influence of MCT1 A1470T polymorphism (rs1049434) on lactate accumulation after high ...
Caruso John F - - 2009
Acceleration, or an increase in the rate of movement, is integral to success in many sports. Improvements in acceleration often entail workouts done at intensities that elicit higher blood lactate concentrations (BLa). The purpose of the study is to assess the impact of acceleration on BLa. Methods required subjects (n ...
Coco Marinella - - 2009
The accumulation of lactate in the blood after a high-intensity exercise is associated to an increase of lactate extractions by the brain. However, no information has been provided about the influences of blood lactate on cognitive performances and, in particular, on attention. The present study was carried out to examine ...
Bortolini Miguel Junior Sordi - - 2009
Saliva provides a convenient and noninvasive matrix for assessing specific physiological parameters, including some biomarkers of exercise. We investigated whether the total protein concentration of whole saliva (TPWS) would reflect the anaerobic threshold during an incremental exercise test. After a warm-up period, 13 nonsmoking men performed a maximum incremental exercise ...
Komaki Hirofumi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recently we proposed the therapeutic potential of pyruvate therapy for mitochondrial diseases. Leigh syndrome is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder ascribed to either mitochondrial or nuclear DNA mutations. METHODS: In an attempt to circumvent the mitochondrial dysfunction, we orally applied sodium pyruvate and analyzed its effect on an 11-year-old female ...
Wilkerson Daryl P - - 2009
We hypothesised that dichloroacetate (DCA) would reduce blood lactate accumulation, pulmonary carbon dioxide output (.V(CO2)) and ventilation (.V(E)) at sub-maximal work rates, and improve exercise tolerance during incremental exercise in healthy humans. Nine males (mean+/-SD, age 27+/-4 years) completed, in random order, two ramp incremental cycle ergometer tests to the ...
Garner Dena P - - 2009
Research has described the use of mouthpieces not only in preventing oral-facial injuries, but linking use to improvements in muscular strength and endurance. However, the mechanisms by which these improvements occur have not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to understand possible physiological explanations for improvements in exercise ...
Baudry Stéphane - - 2009
Ten adolescent judokas performed circuit training consisting of six 40-s periods ofjudo exercises separated by 40 s (CT1:1), 120 s (CT1:3), or 200 s (CT1:5) of rest. Heart rate, blood lactate concentration, and the number of repetitions were recorded. Heart rate reached approximately 180 beats x min(-1) at the end ...
van Hall Gerrit - - 2009
Lactate is a potential energy source for the brain. The aim of this study was to establish whether systemic lactate is a brain energy source. We measured in vivo cerebral lactate kinetics and oxidation rates in 6 healthy individuals at rest with and without 90 mins of intravenous lactate infusion ...
Simões H G - - 2009
AIM: The lactate minimum (LM) protocol has been used to assess aerobic fitness and to predict exercise intensity associated with the maximal blood lactate steady state. The aim of this study was to compare different methods to identify the lactate minimum velocity (LMV) on cycling. METHODS: Fourteen male cyclists (26.8+/-4.5 ...
Sfakianakis D G - - 2010
Muscle lactate metabolic recovery in sea bass juveniles was studied in respect to the water temperature. The fish used in this study were cultured with the semi-extensive mesocosm method, and the water temperatures were 15 and 20 degrees C. Fish were led to exhaustion by exercising in a swimming channel, ...
Faude Oliver - - 2009
During the last nearly 50 years, the blood lactate curve and lactate thresholds (LTs) have become important in the diagnosis of endurance performance. An intense and ongoing debate emerged, which was mainly based on terminology and/or the physiological background of LT concepts. The present review aims at evaluating LTs with ...
Taylor Susan M - - 2009
Clinical and metabolic variables were evaluated in 14 Labrador retrievers with exercise-induced collapse (EIC) before, during, and following completion of a standardized strenuous exercise protocol. Findings were compared with previously reported variables from 14 normal Labrador retrievers that participated in the same protocol. Ten of 14 dogs with EIC developed ...
Bellezza Peter A - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of exercise order on blood lactate, perceptual, and affective responses to resistance exercise. Twenty-nine subjects (18 women, 11 men; 20.9 +/- 1.9 years) completed three sessions separated by a minimum of 48 hours. Session 1 determined the 10-repetition maximum (10RM) ...
Gutierrez Guillermo - - 2009
A recent observational study in a large cohort of critically ill patients confirms the association between hyperlactatemia and mortality. The mechanisms regulating the rates of lactate production and clearance in critical illness remain poorly understood. During exercise, hyperlactatemia clearly results from an imbalance between oxygen delivery and energy requirements. In ...
Myers Jonathan J Cardiology Division, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System and Stanford University , Palo Alto, - - 2009
An impaired cardiac output (CO) response to exercise is a hallmark of chronic heart failure (CHF), and the degree to which CO is impaired is related to the severity of CHF and prognosis. However, practical methods for obtaining cardiac output during exercise are lacking, and what constitutes and impaired response ...
Binder Ronald K - - 2008
Determination of an 'anaerobic threshold' plays an important role in the appreciation of an incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test and describes prominent changes of blood lactate accumulation with increasing workload. Two lactate thresholds are discerned during cardiopulmonary exercise testing and used for physical fitness estimation or training prescription. A multitude of ...
Liu Changlu - - 2009
Lactic acid is a well known metabolic by-product of intense exercise, particularly under anaerobic conditions. Lactate is also a key source of energy and an important metabolic substrate, and it has also been hypothesized to be a signaling molecule directing metabolic activity. Here we show that GPR81, an orphan G-protein-coupled ...
Cai Tian-Quan - - 2008
Heavy exercise or oxygen deficit often links with higher levels of arterial lactate and lower levels of plasma free fatty acids (FFA). Treatment with lactate reduces circulating levels of FFA in vivo and lipolysis in adipose tissues in vitro. However, the underlying mechanism has remained unclear. Here we employ pharmacological ...
Ribeiro Luiz Fernando Paulino - - 2009
This study analyzed the influence of recovery phase manipulation after hyperlactemia induction on the lactate minimum intensity during treadmill running. Twelve male runners (24.6 +/- 6.3 years; 172 +/- 8.0 cm and 62.6 +/- 6.1 kg) performed three lactate minimum tests involving passive (LMT(P)) and active recoveries at 30%vVO(2max) (LMT(A30)) ...
Liu Tsung-Han - - 2009
Arginine supplementation has been shown to alleviate endothelial dysfunction and improve exercise performance through increasing nitric oxide production in patients with cardiopulmonary diseases. In addition, arginine supplementation could decrease accumulations of lactate and ammonia, metabolites involved in development of muscular fatigue. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Quistorff Bjørn - - 2008
The human brain releases a small amount of lactate at rest, and even an increase in arterial blood lactate during anesthesia does not provoke a net cerebral lactate uptake. However, during cerebral activation associated with exercise involving a marked increase in plasma lactate, the brain takes up lactate in proportion ...
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