Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 726
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Morikawa M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the recovery process of exercise induced diastolic dysfunction in heart failure, using Doppler echocardiographic techniques. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Transmitral flow velocity profiles and standard noninvasive haemodynamic indices were obtained serially over seven days after symptom limited bicycle exercise tests in 18 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and eight ...
Geiss K R - - 1998
In a pilot study at 14 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and left-ventricular dysfunction (left ventricular enddiastolic volume [LVEDV] > or = 100 ml), who actively participated in an ambulatory cardiac sports group, left ventricular endsystolic volume (LVESV), LVEDV and duration of exercise were analyzed by echocardiographic and ergometric ...
Klingenheben T - - 1998
Delivery of inappropriate therapy of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) due to inaccurate arrhythmia detection represents a major clinical problem. Different arrhythmia detection criteria such as the "stability" of the cycle length or the suddenness of "onset" of tachycardia have been implemented in ICD software to prevent inappropriate therapy. The new ...
Komori S - - 1998
A case of exercise-induced idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) arose from the left ventricular outflow tract. The QRS morphology of the VT was Rs pattern in V1 and R pattern in the lateral leads with inferior axis. The pacing at the superior interventricular septum near the mitral anulus produced the best ...
Williams M J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: In patients with left ventricular dysfunction one of the aims of therapy may be to improve functional capacity. This study compared the improvement of functional capacity in response to medical therapy with that caused by revascularization. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction were divided into groups with ...
Oelberg D A - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary hypertension is the most important complication in patients with atrial septal defect (ASD), but its role in limiting exercise has not been examined. This study sought to evaluate exercise performance in adults with ASD and determine the contribution of elevated pulmonary artery pressure in limiting exercise capacity. ...
Singh G K - - 1998
To evaluate the late effects of chronic pulmonary regurgitation against the putative benefits from the current surgical trend of primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot with a transannular patch in infancy, 10 patients > 10 years after early primary repair and 7 matched normal controls underwent exercise stress test and ...
da Costa F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Aortic prosthetic valves with superior hemodynamic performance are associated with more complete regression of left ventricular hypertrophy and better left ventricular function postoperatively. The near normal function of the pulmonary autografts at rest is well documented, however, exercise data has been seldom reported. The purpose of this study is ...
Hsieh M H - - 1998
For conversion of atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm and management of ventricular arrhythmias, antiarrhythmic drugs were frequently used. However, the effects of antiarrhythmic drugs on exercise performance and on the variability of ventricular rate were not available. This study included 37 patients who had chronic atrial fibrillation complicated with symptomatic ...
De Wolf D - - 1998
Left ventricular failure is not considered an important feature in cystic fibrosis (CF), but abnormalities of left ventricular function have been reported. Except for a few cases of heart failure in neonates with CF, there is no evidence of a primary disorder of the myocardium in patients with CF. Since ...
Hasija P K - - 1998
Ventricular arrhythmias are considered to be related to left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. ACE inhibitors though improve LV function their beneficial role on exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmias is not established. To study the effects of ACE inhibitors on exercise capacity vis-a-vis their role on exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmias, 25 patients of congestive heart ...
Jirasirirojanakorn K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects and the changes in cardiac performance of high- and low-dose captopril compared to placebo in patients with chronic symptomatic aortic regurgitation (AR), and/or mitral regurgitation (MR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We randomized patients into three groups, placebo (Group 1), incremental daily doses of 50 mg ...
Geishauser T - - 1997
Two commercial milk ketone tests (Ketocheck) Great States, St. Joseph, MI and Ketolac BHB; Hoechst, Unterschleissheim, Germany) were used with milk samples collected within 2 wk postpartum to evaluate the use of these tests in the prediction of left displaced abomasum in dairy cows. Odds ratios, sensitivities, specificities, and likelihood ...
Huonker M - - 1997
Physical exercise has become a well-established concept in the secondary prevention of coronary artery disease. We investigated the exercise requirements of extensive highland mountain hiking (8.7 km, 470 m to 1220 m over sea level, average incline 8.5%, mean walking velocity < 3 km x h-1) in 11 regularly exercising ...
Estes N A NA - - 1997
This investigation was performed to evaluate the feasibility of detecting repolarization alternans with the heart rate elevated with a bicycle exercise protocol. Sensitive spectral signal-processing techniques are able to detect beat-to-beat alternation of the amplitude of the T wave, which is not visible on standard electrocardiogram. Previous animal and human ...
Pitzalis M V - - 1997
AIMS: The identification of the response of ventricular arrhythmias to exercise testing could provide important information in the clinical setting but is difficult to obtain as no definite criteria are available. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether analysis of spontaneous heart rate dependency of premature ventricular contractions ...
Joshi V M - - 1997
Reports of exercise performance after Fontan surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) are lacking. We compared the exercise performance of total cavopulmonary connection type (TCPC) of Fontan subjects with HLHS (group 1, n = 7) to those not requiring a Norwood procedure having a systemic right ventricle (group 2, ...
Jansson K - - 1997
AIM: The object of this study was to investigate and compare the haemodynamic effects of treatment with a beta receptor blocker (metoprolol) or an angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (captopril) in 54 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. METHOD: All patients had cardiac catheterization performed at rest and during exercise, before and after 3 ...
Jaski B E - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Long-term implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) may be a future alternative treatment for end-stage heart failure. The objective of the present study was to determine the hemodynamic effects of supine bicycle exercise and functional capacity during upright treadmill exercise in 10 patients after LVAD implantation placed ...
Lee P J - - 1997
A comparison of blood pressure response with exercise stress, thallium scintigraphy, and 24-hour electrocardiographic monitoring between 5 patients with left ventricular hypertrophy associated with glycogen storage disease type III and 10 matched patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy revealed normal results in the former group. These data highlight the importance of the ...
Otterstad J E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sources of variability in serial echocardiographic recordings in a core laboratory we assessed the impact of repeated echo recordings, repeated video measurements and measurements made by different investigators. PATIENTS, METHODS: Two investigators each recorded and analysed two-dimensional echos in 12 individuals (n = 24 in total) three ...
Spina R J - - 1997
This study was designed to characterize cardiac adaptations to endurance exercise training in older healthy men by evaluation of changes in left ventricular function in response to an afterload stress in the presence of cardiac muscarinic receptor blockade. Eight men 65 +/- 2 (SE) yr old underwent 9 mo of ...
O'Connor F C - - 1997
Although exercise-induced supraventricular arrhythmias (EISVA) increase with advancing age, it is unclear whether age-associated changes in cardiac structure or function play a major role in this increase. To address this question, we examined the relationship between M-mode echocardiographic variables and EISVA occurring during maximal treadmill exercise in 366 healthy volunteers ...
Ohuchi H - - 1997
The purpose of this study is to evaluate cardiorespiratory responses to exercise in patients with univentricular heart according to the type of repair used. Forty-three patients with univentricular heart were divided into three groups: 15 preoperative patients (group A), 18 who had Fontan repair (group B) and 10 who had ...
Sagiv M - - 1997
To examine the effects of age and chronic overload training on left ventricular systolic function during static exercise, Doppler echocardiography studies were performed in 14 young (28 +/- 6 years) and 10 older (51 +/- 3 years) weight lifters and also in 14 young (29 +/- 6 years) and 10 ...
Minatoguchi S - - 1997
We simultaneously measured increases in mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (delta PCW), mean right atrial pressure (delta RA), and cardiac index (delta CI) in response to dynamic leg exercise in 81 patients with mild congestive heart failure to clarify the relationship between the left-sided and right-sided pumping function of the ...
Ben-Sira D - - 1997
The effect of gender on left ventricular systolic function and exercise haemodynamics in healthy young subjects was studied during 30-s all-out sudden strenuous dynamic exercise. A group of 22 men [19.3 (SD 1) years] 20 women [19.1 (SD 1) years] volunteered to participate in this study. Two-dimensional direct M-mode and ...
Ducceschi V - - 1997
Both a long QTc and a large QTc dispersion (QTcd) can predispose infarcted patients to ventricular arrhythmias. The former simply reflects a general prolongation of ventricular recovery time, whereas QTcd is useful for revealing regional inhomogeneities of ventricular repolarization. The aim of our study was to evaluate QTc and QTcd ...
Pashkow F J - - 1997
Patients with malignant arrhythmias are a challenge when they present to the laboratory for exercise testing and training. The complex metabolic and electrophysiological changes that occur during and after exercise may suppress or potentiate arrhythmias and alter the efficacy and safety of antiarrhythmic agents. The presence of an ICD adds ...
Pines A - - 1996
Rest and exercise echocardiography (at dynamic and isometric exercise) were performed in 30 postmenopausal women (aged 54 +/- 4 years) with borderline to mild hypertension. They were then divided into 2 groups: 17 women who started oral hormone replacement therapy (0.625 mg/day conjugated estrogens or 2 mg/day estradiol) and a ...
Izawa H - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of adrenergic stimulation on left ventricular relaxation in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced decreases in acceleration of left ventricular relaxation have been observed in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. However, data on sequential changes in left ventricular relaxation during exercise are limited. METHODS: We measured ...
Helbing W A - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess right ventricular diastolic function in young patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary regurgitation. BACKGROUND: Pulmonary regurgitation is an important problem in repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Its effects on right ventricular diastolic function in children are unknown. METHODS: Nineteen children with repair of ...
Coats A J - - 1996
Chronic heart failure is a well-recognized syndrome in which left ventricular impairment produces a constellation of secondary changes in other organ symptoms leading to symptoms such as muscular fatigue and dyspnoea and objective limitation to exercise tolerance. With modern drug therapy of diuretics and ACE inhibitors, the majority of patients ...
Sadaniantz A - - 1996
Few studies have examined the effect of prolonged exercise training on left ventricular diastolic function in previously sedentary subjects. We performed M-mode, 2-D, and Doppler echocardiography on 16 previously sedentary men before and after 1 yr of exercise training. Six men served as controls. Exercise subjects participated in four 1-h ...
Moruzzi P - - 1996
BACKGROUND: In dilated cardiomyopathy, short-term administration of L-thyroxine (100 micrograms/ day) improves cardiac and exercise performance without changing the heart's adrenergic sensitivity. The aim of this study was to test the medium-term (3 months) efficacy of L-thyroxine (10 patients) compared with placebo (10 patients) and to find out whether later ...
Arem R - - 1996
Cardiac atrial and ventricular parameters were determined by Doppler two-dimensional echocardiography at rest and exercise in 8 patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) (6 women and 2 men; age range: 28-48 years) before and 3 months after achievement of a euthyroid state with incremental adjustment of L-thyroxine therapy. None of the ...
Iida K - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) have been found to have a better prognosis than patients without LVH. However, the pathophysiologic mechanism for that has not been investigated. We sought to clarify the pathophysiologic significance of LVH in DCM. METHODS: We performed isoproterenol ...
Digenio A G AG Johannesburg Cardiac Rehabilitation Centre, Department of Health and Housing, - - 1996
To evaluate the effects of an exercise training programme on patients with chronic left ventricular dysfunction. Intervention, before and after the trial. Johannesburg Cardiac Rehabilitation Centre, a phase III community-based cardiac rehabilitation facility. A consecutive sample of 28 patients who were recovering from acute myocardial infarction and who had a ...
Gustafsson F - - 1996
We evaluated left ventricular mass and function in 15 oarsmen aged 78 (65-82) yr (median and range) and in 15 sedentary males aged 72 (65-81) yr by 2-D and M-mode echocardiography and cycle ergometry. The weekly time spent exercising among the oarsmen was 6 (2-18) h and two of the ...
Geenen D L - - 1996
The renin-angiotensin system has been implicated in the hypertrophic adaptation of the heart to exogenous pathological loads, such as hypertension and aortic stenosis; however, the role of this hormonal system in the cardiac adaptations to physiological loads, such as chronic exercise conditioning, has not been established. We therefore studied the ...
Braden D S - - 1996
Cardiac function was measured at rest and during exercise in 9 patients with sickle-cell anemia (SS) and coexisting homozygous alpha thalassemia-2 (alpha thal-2). Results were compared with 18 sickle cell patients with normal alpha globin genes, who were matched to the study group by age, gender, and size, and to ...
Almahmeed W - - 1996
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is an uncommon condition. Few patients survive past 50 years of age, because of associated congenital defects, systemic (morphological right) ventricular dysfunction, atrioventricular valvular insufficiency or complete heart block. A unique case is presented of exercise-induced ventricular tachycardia, which led to the ...
Spina R J - - 1996
The present study was designed to determine if gender affects the adaptive response to endurance exercise training of left ventricular filling dynamics in older individuals. Recently, it was shown that gender influences the cardiovascular responses to endurance exercise training in older subjects. Older men improve left ventricular systolic performance and ...
Kinoshita S - - 1996
Ventricular arrhythmias are the primary concern in the exercise laboratory. It has recently been suggested that in not a few cases, ventricular premature complexes are governed by modulated parasystole and not by ordinary extrasystolic rhythm. In many cases, however, it is difficult to differentiate between parasystole and ordinary extrasystoles. Few ...
Callans D J - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the influence of stimulation site on the properties of the circuit in ventricular tachycardia. BACKGROUND: A fully excitable gap can be demonstrated in most human ventricular tachycardias. This requires the presence of an arc of block so that the entire circuit can recover from ...
Rousseau M F - - 1996
The aim of this study was to compare the effects on left ventricular function and exercise tolerance of a selective beta-antagonist (atenolol) with those of another selective beta 1-antagonist with vasodilator properties (nebivolol) in patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction but no overt congestive heart failure. Beta blockers are widely ...
Lee T M - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the mechanism of vasovagal syncope and to test the efficacy of theophylline to prevent syncope. Twenty-six patients with vasovagal syncope underwent two-dimensional echocardiography and theophylline test during head-up tilt test. A standard parasternal short-axis view of echocardiography at the level ...
Hopkins M G - - 1996
To determine whether the adaptive increase in left ventricular systolic function in the trained state is mediated by enhanced responses to beta-adrenergic stimulation, we studied eight male endurance athletes [age 27 +/- 1.8 yr; maximal O2 uptake (VO2max) 60 +/- 0.9 (SE) ml x kg-1 x min-1] and eight sedentary ...
Liu C X - - 1996
The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of changrolin (CRL) were studied in 7 dogs with arrhythmia induced by coronary artery ligature. The ECG and the percentage of reduction ratio of ventricular premature were used to evaluate the effect of CRL, and an HPLC method was used to determine the serum drug concentration. ...
Geirsson A J - - 1996
To examine left ventricular (LV) myocardial perfusion and function, in systemic sclerosis. Myocardial perfusion was assessed at rest, during cold exposure, and at peak exercise in 10 patients with systemic sclerosis. Seven of the 10 patients were examined with Doppler echocardiography; before and after long-term diltiazem treatment. Compared with average ...
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