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Results 551 - 600 of 726
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Saunamäki K I - - 1985
A predischarge exercise test was performed in a prospective series of 187 patients, less than 70 years old, with acute myocardial infarction. A survival analysis confirmed previous retrospective findings of a significantly increased long-term mortality in patients with a low increase in the pressure-rate-product (PRP) and/or with major exercise-induced arrhythmias. ...
Suppan R J - - 1984
There are a multitude of congenital deformities that can occur in the feet. Some are very common and others are more remote. They can frequently be corrected with conservative care, such as splinting, casting, and various exercises over a period of time. Those that are not resolved by conservative measures ...
Ryujin Y - - 1984
One hundred ninety-six children ranging in age from 4 years to 15 years with premature ventricular contraction (PVC) on a resting electrocardiogram (ECG) underwent exercise tests and 29 of them were found to have significant ventricular arrhythmias. They included 8 patients with 2 PVC's in row, 8 patients with 3-4 ...
Kavey R E - - 1984
Although ventricular arrhythmias are well described in adults with mitral valve prolapse, this association remains controversial in children. To assess the incidence of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs), 103 consecutive children with mitral valve (MV) prolapse confirmed by echocardiography were evaluated prospectively by treadmill exercise and ambulatory ECG. A group of ...
Shanon B - - 1984
Musicians and non-musicians, male and females, were presented with different selections of classical music, both mono- and poly-instrumental, under stereophonic conditions which allowed them to reverse the left-right distribution of the auditory material. The musicians preferred the leading (usually the high) voice to be heard by the left ear; the ...
Bendien C - - 1984
We studied the hemodynamic effects of dynamic exercise during cardiac catheterization in 35 children and adolescents with small-to-moderate ventricular septal defects. Eighteen of them exercised at 25% and 50% of their maximum workload and 17 exercised at 60%. There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to ...
Caplan R A - - 1984
The inotropic and chronotropic effects of protamine sulfate on rabbit myocardium were studied using isolated preparations of atrial and ventricular tissue. Each tissue differed markedly in its susceptibility to depression of peak isometric developed tension. The threshold concentration for depression of tension was 0.022% for left atrium, 0.055% for right ...
Sheldahl L M - - 1984
To investigate the effect of different levels of central blood volume on cardiac performance during exercise, M-mode echocardiography was utilized to determine left ventricular size and performance during cycling exercise in the upright posture (UP), supine posture (SP), and head-out water immersion (WI). At submaximal work loads requiring a mean ...
Lahiri A - - 1984
The nuclear probe was used for measuring left ventricular function in 11 normal subjects and the results compared with those using a digital gammacamera. The probe was then used to measure left ventricular function in patients with coronary artery disease during dynamic exercise and stress atrial pacing. The ability of ...
Carlens P - - 1984
Patients with severe effort angina were studied hemodynamically and left ventricular function curves were obtained during successively increasing myocardial ischemia provoked by exercise. The mean left ventricular function curve of 57 patients showed a slow increase in stroke work index with increasing left ventricular end-diastolic pressure at the beginning of ...
Fukui S - - 1984
In order to investigate left ventricular performance during exercise in patients with myocardial infarction and evaluate the effects of sublingual isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) on left ventricular performance, we performed a symptom-limited multigraded exercise test using a bicycle ergometer in supine position. Thirty-seven patients with myocardial infarction were evaluated in order ...
Miles D S - - 1984
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cardiorespiratory demands inherent to the maintenance of continuous one- and two-man cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for 10 min. Ten male paramedics (X age = 26 yrs) certified to perform CPR participated. Each subject assumed the three possible roles for administering CPR: ventilator, ...
Burns R J - - 1984
Forty-four adult patients with tetralogy of Fallot were studied while clinically well at a mean of 14 years (range 5 to 27) after intracardiac repair to examine the association of postoperative ventricular arrhythmias with historical and postoperative hemodynamic data. Twenty-two patients who demonstrated during 24 hour ambulatory monitoring or maximal ...
Forfar J C - - 1984
Sequential measurements of systolic time intervals, left ventricular dimensions, and the derived indices of contractility were undertaken at rest and during isometric exercise in 15 hyperthyroid patients before, during, and after antithyroid treatment. At rest hyperthyroidism was characterised by a shortened pre-ejection period and increased velocity of circumferential shortening of ...
McLaran C J - - 1984
Oral tocainide and disopyramide were compared in a double-blind, crossover trial in 10 outpatients with stable ventricular premature beats (VPBs). Efficacy was assessed by suppression of VPB activity and reduction of VPB grade during an exercise test and an 18-h Holter recording. An estimate of variance of VPB activity was ...
Hickson R C - - 1984
Female rats were trained daily by means of two 2-h-long bouts of swimming separated by a 30- to 40-min rest period. Absolute ventricular weights of the swimmers were increased above sedentary control values by 6% after 2 days, 15% after 7 days, and 30% after 35 days of exercise. Resting ...
Serratto M - - 1984
Treadmill exercise tests preformed on 13 patients with isolated congenital complete heart block are described. Premature ventricular contractions appeared with exercise in 5/13 patients. The 5 patients who developed ventricular ectopics with exercise had lesser increments in their junctional rates with exercise as compared to the remaining patients (P less ...
Weiner D A - - 1984
To investigate the determinants and prognostic significance of ventricular arrhythmias during exercise testing, 86 patients with such arrhythmias were identified from a consecutive series of 446 patients who underwent treadmill exercise testing and cardiac catheterization. The prevalence of these arrhythmias was 19% in the total group but increased to 30% ...
Sakaguchi K - - 1984
The effects of PGE1 and ISD on right ventricular performance in patients with pulmonary hypertension secondary to chronic lung disease were evaluated, and the following results were obtained. I) Effects of PGE1 on Right Ventricular Failure The effects of PGE1 (intravenous infusion, 0.01 to 0.03 microgram/kg/min) on right ventricular failure ...
Matsuzaki M - - 1984
We examined the effects of diltiazem, a calcium-entry blocker, on exercise-induced myocardial ischemia in nine conscious dogs with chronic coronary stenoses. An ameroid constrictor, Doppler flow probe, and hydraulic occluder were placed around the left circumflex coronary artery, and left ventricular pressure was measured (Konigsberg micromanometer). Pairs of ultrasonic crystals ...
Morano I - - 1984
The effects of running training on the structure and function of ventricular myosin of guinea-pigs were studied. No differences in body or heart weights could be detected but the heart-to-body weight relation increased significantly (P less than 0.05) in the trained group. Ca2+ activated and K+ activated ventricular myosin ATPase ...
Andersen K - - 1984
Twelve healthy men were studied by M mode echocardiography during exercise to investigate the effect of afterload reduction on left ventricular function at maximal exertion. They performed two maximal exercise bicycle tests 4 hr apart while in the semisupine position and were given 20 mg nifedipine sublingually 30 min before ...
Singh S N - - 1984
The antiarrhythmic efficacy of moracizin HCl (Ethmozine), a new oral phenothiazine derivative, was evaluated in 20 patients with chronic high-frequency ventricular arrhythmia confirmed by multiple ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings. Comparison with 72 +/- 24 hours (+/- standard deviation) of ambulatory recordings on moracizin treatment (average dose 295 +/- 58 mg 3 ...
Campbell R W - - 1984
Ventricular ectopic complex ( VEC ) activity is seen frequently, both in patients with cardiovascular disease and in normal subjects. It has been claimed to be predictive of cardiovascular disease but in the asymptomatic individual it may be benign. Unifocal ventricular ectopic complexes with activity greater than 2 per 100 ...
Balu V - - 1984
We performed pre- and post-operative exercise testing on 12 patients with coronary artery bypass surgery and ventricular aneurysmectomy and 2 patients with ventricular aneurysmectomy alone. Most patients showed better exercise performance, higher double product, better work capacity and were able to exercise longer. Two patients who had ventricular aneurysmectomy alone ...
Shapiro L M - - 1983
To study the cardiac effects of running, 15 healthy non-athletic male volunteers underwent a moderate training schedule for six weeks; thereafter five continued to run at a similar intensity for a further six weeks and 10 stopped. Left ventricular wall thickness and dimension, relaxation, and diastolic function were studied by ...
Montague T J - - 1983
Forty-five subjects, aged 2 weeks to 62 years, who presented with frequent (greater than 100/day) ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) and without evidence of underlying cardiac disease were studied. The spectrum of ventricular dysrhythmia was assessed by 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiography and exercise tolerance test. Sinus rhythm was the prevailing rhythm in ...
Pilcher G F - - 1983
To determine the incidence of arrhythmias and conduction disturbances in trained athletes and the level of physical training at which they occur, 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings were obtained in 80 healthy runners during both exercise and free activity. Subjects were grouped according to the number of miles per week (mpw) ...
Parks C M - - 1983
Blood flow to the brain, heart, kidneys, diaphragm, and skeletal muscles was studied at rest and during graded treadmill exercise, using radionuclide-labeled microspheres (15 microns diameter), in 11 healthy adult ponies. Hemodynamic changes brought about by exercise included marked increases in cardiac output, mean aortic pressure, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, ...
Francis C K - - 1983
Left ventricular performance was evaluated at rest and during maximal upright bicycle exercise in 51 patients with chronic essential hypertension. Twenty-eight of these patients had no clinical or electrocardiographic evidence of coronary artery disease and comprise the primary study population. The remaining 23 patients had coronary artery disease and represent ...
Gumbiner C H - - 1983
We studied the hemodynamic response to isometric exercise in 28 children and young adults with aortic regurgitation (AR). Results were compared with those of 18 control subjects without heart disease. Sustained isometric exercise at 33% maximal handgrip capability produced similar increase in heart rate in the two groups. Systolic blood ...
Huikuri H V - - 1983
To evaluate the possible irreversibility of isometric exercise-induced left ventricular dysfunction in aortic regurgitation, we performed handgrip exercise tests during cardiac catheterization on 17 patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR-group), both preoperatively and one year after successful aortic valve replacement. Nine normal subjects served as a control group. Preoperatively, the ...
Markiewicz K - - 1983
In two groups of healthy men aged 20-22 years the left ventricular systolic time intervals were evaluated by the method of Weissler et al. during frequently repeated workloads and restitution. Each exercise was carried out on a Zimmerman cycle ergometer during 10 minutes, and was repeated five times at 50-minutes ...
Matsuda M - - 1983
To evaluate the effect of exercise on left ventricular diastolic filling, the following were measured at rest and during exercise in 14 control subjects and 15 athletes, using digitized M-mode echocardiography: the peak early diastolic lengthening rate of the left ventricular dimension and the filling volume and the filling fraction ...
Oldershaw P J - - 1983
In order to determine the significance of abnormalities of diastolic function in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, exercise echocardiography to heart rates of 140 to 150 beats/min was performed in 18 normal subjects and 14 patients after aortic valve replacement. Simultaneous echo-, phono-, and electrocardiograms were recorded. Left ventricular cavity ...
Mathews R A - - 1983
Twenty-one postoperative patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) underwent graded exercise testing 4 to 15 years (mean 9) after the Mustard operation. No patient had subjective exercise intolerance before testing, although some had symptomatic resting arrhythmias. Correlations were made between cardiac catheterization data and 24-hour ambulatory monitoring. Exercise ...
Bramlet D A - - 1983
Seven subjects with rate-dependent left bundle branch block (RDLBBB) and 13 subjects with normal conduction (control group) underwent upright bicycle exercise radionuclide angiography to determine the effects of the development of RDLBBB on global and regional left ventricular function. Six of the seven subjects with RDLBBB had atypical chest pain ...
Christé G - - 1983
Ventricular and Purkinje action potentials were recorded with a microelectrode in a strip of human papillary muscle. Lowering the K-content of the superfusing solution from 5.9 to 0.5 mmol.litre-1 at 37 degrees C hyperpolarised ventricular diastolic potential steadily as long as [K+]o was low (up to 70 min tested). Ventricular ...
Moodie D S - - 1983
Twelve patients with anorexia nervosa (mean age 17.6 years) underwent noninvasive cardiac evaluation. All patients had normal sinus rhythm at rest, during exercise, and following 24-hr electrocardiographic monitoring. The chest roentgenograms demonstrated a small heart secondary to a loss of left ventricular mass. Three of four patients studied had left ...
Kupari M - - 1983
The aim of this study was to assess whether drinking social amounts of alcohol impairs myocardial contractility in normal humans. To that end, 17 healthy volunteers performed isometric handgrip exercise before and 60 minutes after an intake of 1 g/kg body weight of ethanol within 60 minutes. Left ventricular M-mode ...
Weiner B H - - 1983
The response of the right ventricle to exercise was examined in 19 patients with heart disease by constructing right ventricular function curves and determining the relationship between right ventricular afterload and preload. Simultaneous cardiac output and right heart pressures were measured at rest, during exercise, and 10 minutes after exercise. ...
Flessas A P - - 1983
Eight patients with ischemic heart disease performed isometric handgrip of five minutes' duration at 30% of their maximum voluntary contraction, before and after administration of 0.4 mg sublingual nitroglycerin (NTG). Although isometric exercise resulted in similar rise of left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) before and after NTG, the level of ...
Deanfield J E - - 1983
R wave amplitude changes during exercise have been ascribed to alteration in left ventricular volume and their measurement advocated for the improved diagnosis of coronary disease. The reproducibility of exercise QRS changes and their relation to ST segment depression, respiratory pattern, and left ventricular volume during ischaemia were studied in ...
Ludbrook J - - 1983
The exercise stimuli exert a powerful drive to elevate blood pressure. This may be facilitated by spinal sympatho-sympathetic reflexes arising from the heart and aorta. The role of the Bainbridge reflex as a feed-forward mechanism in exercise remains unclear. Other, homeostatic, reflexes may modulate the pressor effects of the exercise ...
Shkhvatsabaya I K - - 1983
The study was carried out in 22 men with essential hypertension, stage I B-II B, aged 25 to 46 years, and in 10 healthy volunteers of the same age. The authors investigated indicators of systemic and intracardiac haemodynamics by echocardiography, determined the blood plasma catecholamine concentration, catecholamine excretion, renin and ...
Anversa P - - 1983
In our morphometric study of the effects of exercise on the heart, male Wistar-Kyoto rats at 5 weeks of age were subjected daily to a moderate treadmill running program that lasted for 7 weeks. The heart responded to physical conditioning by different magnitudes of tissue growth of the right (22%) ...
Snoeckx L H - - 1983
The cardiac dimensions of male long-distance runners (LDR) and cycle racers (CR) were determined echocardiographically during four different training seasons, i.e., a preparation, a competitive, a slowing-down and a resting season, and were compared with those of control subjects (CS). Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was also assessed from the electrocardiogram. ...
Parrish M D - - 1983
We assessed the incidence, clinical significance and etiology of ventricular dysfunction after intraatrial repair of d-transposition of the great arteries in 11 patients, mean age 9 +/- 3 years, who had had Mustard operations. We compared the results to 15 patients who were considered to have normal ventricular function, two ...
Vanhees L - - 1983
Indices of the first derivative and of the normalized first derivative of the left apexcardiogram were used to evaluate the contractile state of the left ventricle of cyclists in the competitive season compared to their resting season and of cardiac patients before and after a physical training program. In both ...
Møller M - - 1983
The effect of coronary artery bypass surgery (CAB) on ventricular arrhythmias (VA) was studied in a prospective investigation involving 32 patients (mean age 54 years) who underwent CAB because of severe stable angina pectoris. Prior to CAB as well as 12 months later each patient was subjected to the following ...
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