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Results 101 - 150 of 930
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Sabino Pollyane Galinari - - 2010
Being overweight or obese is associated with a higher rate of survival in patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This paradoxical relationship indicates that the influence of nutritional status on functional parameters should be further investigated. To investigate the impact of nutritional status on body composition, exercise capacity ...
Schultes B - - 2010
Emerging evidence suggests that fetuin-A, a liver-derived glycoprotein, represents an important factor in the pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. So far circulating fetuin-A was found to be increased in fatty liver disease, however, the precise mechanisms regulating fetuin-A expression and secretion are largely unknown. ...
Koppo Katrien - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative contributions of various hormones involved in the regulation of lipid mobilization in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) during exercise and to assess the impact of obesity on this regulation. Eight lean and eight obese men performed a 60-min cycle exercise bout ...
Smith Robert E - - 2010
The root cause of most chronic diseases in America is self-inflicted through an unhealthy lifestyle including poor diet, insufficient exercise, inability to maintain a healthy weight, tobacco use, and excessive alcohol consumption. Americans' ability to adhere to healthy lifestyles appears to be declining.1,2 The pharmacy profession, while positioned to provide ...
Sirikulchayanonta Chutima - - 2011
The project aimed to improve nutrition and activity among primary schoolchildren via targeted activities. A preliminary nutritional survey was carried out involving 5126 children in 4 Bangkok public schools. Participatory action research involving students, teachers, and parents was conducted. After a 2-day training course, teachers integrated project concepts into their ...
Mork Paul J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between leisure time physical exercise, body mass index (BMI), and risk of fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: A longitudinal study with baseline assessment of physical exercise (frequency, duration, and intensity) and BMI was used to explore the risk of having FM at 11-year followup in a large, ...
Ghosh Sanjoy - - 2010
Exercise is part of a healthy lifestyle and frequently is an important component in combating chronic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes. Understanding the molecular events initiated by regular exercise is best studied in laboratory animals, with mice and rats being favoured for a number of reasons. However, the wide ...
Merchant N - - 2011
We sought to determine whether the antihypertensive drug nebivolol has beneficial effects on vascular markers of inflammation and oxidation in obese African-American patients with hypertension when exposed to exercise-induced stress. Forty-three obese, African-American subjects with hypertension were treated with nebivolol (5-10 mg/day) for 8 weeks. Before treatment the subjects underwent an ...
Nagashima Junzo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality, and it is well known to be modifiable by weight loss. We investigated whether HRR was mainly improved by better cardiopulmonary function or by alteration of the metabolic profile. METHODS: The weight loss ...
Courcier E A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationships between socioeconomic and other environmental factors with canine obesity. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire study of dog owners attending five primary veterinary practices in the UK. Owners were asked about dog age, neuter status, feeding habits, dog exercise, household income and owner age. The ...
Church Timothy S - - 2010
Numerous cross-sectional studies have observed an inverse association between C-reactive protein (CRP) and physical activity. Exercise training trials have produced conflicting results, but none of these studies was specifically designed to examine CRP. The objective of the Inflammation and Exercise (INFLAME) study was to examine whether aerobic exercise training without ...
Lee Yun Hee - - 2010
Obesity is a chronic disease that requires good eating habits and an active life style. Obesity may start in childhood and continue until adulthood. Severely obese children have complications such as diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and atherosclerosis. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of exercise programs on ...
McGaffey A - - 2010
To determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention, created with a human-centered design approach, on children's knowledge and beliefs related to obesity and nutrition. Pre-post intervention: we evaluated fifth graders (aged 9-12) from five urban schools using a survey instrument at 1 week before intervention, immediately after intervention, and 1 ...
Rigamonti A E AE Department of Medical Pharmacology, University of Milan, Milan, - - 2010
To investigate in severely obese adolescents the effects of a 3-week multidisciplinary weight-reduction intervention involving moderate energy restriction, individualised physical activity and behavior therapy on the response of some hormonal and metabolic parameters to meals and exercise. Clinical longitudinal study on inpatients in a specialised institution. A total of 20 ...
Zhu Weili - - 2010
Obesity is associated with impaired endothelial function assessed as flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD), the procedure of which involves transient brachial artery occlusion and following reactive hyperemia. Acute aerobic exercise can improve FMD. This study examined the effects of repeated FMD procedures and acute aerobic exercise on FMD in obese young men. ...
Livhits Masha - - 2010
The contribution of physical activity on the degree of weight loss following bariatric surgery is unclear. To determine impact of exercise on postoperative weight loss. Medline search (1988-2009) was completed using MeSH terms including bariatric procedures and a spectrum of patient factors with potential relationship to weight loss outcomes. Of ...
Thomas Tom R - - 2010
Weight loss improves metabolic syndrome (MetS) factors, but risk may return with weight regain. This study was designed to determine if exercise training can maintain improvements in MetS risk factors during weight regain. In a randomized control trial,102 overweight or obese (body mass index 25.0-39.9 kg/m(2)) men and women (age ...
Whyte Laura J - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of very high intensity sprint interval training (SIT) on metabolic and vascular risk factors in overweight/obese sedentary men. Ten men (age, 32.1 ± 8.7 years; body mass index, 31.0 ± 3.7 kg m(-2)) participated. After baseline metabolic, anthropometric, and fitness ...
Martins C - - 2010
CONTEXT: The magnitude of exercise-induced weight loss depends on the extent of compensatory responses. An increase in energy intake is likely to result from changes in the appetite control system toward an orexigenic environment; however, few studies have measured how exercise impacts on both orexigenic and anorexigenic peptides. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Andrade Ana M - - 2010
This study tested whether different forms of physical activity (PA) were associated with eating self-regulation during weight control, and if changes in eating behavior mediated the relationship between PA and weight loss, in overweight/obese women. 239 women (37.6+/-7.0 years; 31.3+/-4.1kg/m(2)) participated. The intervention group received a 12-month group behavioral treatment ...
Shang Edward - - 2010
One of the most effective treatments of patients with morbid obesity is laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Sudden weight loss after RYGB for morbid obesity can result in a concurrent decrease in the lean body mass. However, the long-term results (weight reduction and reduced co-morbidities) depend on the postoperative long-term ...
Hamer Mark - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An increase in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) through exercise training appears to partly ameliorate the health hazards of obesity and a number of mechanisms might explain the potential benefits. We review recent evidence about the relationships between CRF, exercise training and metabolic risk factors in obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: ...
Chockalingam Anand - - 2010
Hypertension, diabetes and obesity cause cardiac diastolic dysfunction (DD) which could reduce exercise capacity. Our aim was to determine if 10% weight loss by exercise at 60% VO(2max) five days/week (approximately -375 kcal/session) and caloric restriction (approximately -600 kcal/d) over 6 months improves exercise capacity and DD in Metabolic syndrome ...
Numao Shigeharu - - 2011
Exercise intensity may induce changes in total adiponectin and adiponectin oligomer levels. However, the effects of acute aerobic exercise on total adiponectin and adiponectin oligomers in middle-aged abdominally obese men remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of aerobic exercise intensity on changes in the ...
van der Heijden Gert-Jan - - 2010
Exercise might have a persistent effect on energy expenditure and fat oxidation, resulting in increased fat loss. However, even without weight loss, exercise results in positive metabolic effects. The effect of an aerobic exercise program on 24-h total energy expenditure (TEE) and its components-basal (BEE), sleep (SEE), and awake sedentary ...
Erdmann J - - 2010
Exercise is an important part of obesity treatment concepts to support fat mobilisation from adipose tissue and also fat oxidation nolich is impaired in obese subjects. In normal weight subjects it is well known that stimulation of plasma insulin levels by a carbohydrate meal can inhibit lipolysis and subsequent fat ...
Pinheiro-Mulder Alessandra - - 2010
We studied the effects of exercise training in treating renal impairment due to hypertension and obesity in rats. Diet-induced obese and non-obese Wistar rats were assigned to four groups: Sed-Ob, Ex-Ob, Sed-C, and Ex-C (motor treadmill for 13 weeks; Ex=exercise-trained, C=control, Ob=obese, Sed=sedentary). Creatinine, proteinuria, and kidney structure were evaluated. ...
Magliulo G - - 2010
We report a young man with bilateral enlarged internal auditory canals who developed sudden sensorineural hearing loss following weight-lifting exercise. We present a detailed clinical history, including the patient's high resolution computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans. The patient reported left-sided hearing loss immediately following weight-lifting exercise. He had ...
Christiansen Tore - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise training and diet-induced weight loss alone or in combination on inflammatory markers in circulation, in adipose tissue (AT) and in skeletal muscle (SM) in obese subjects. Seventy-nine obese subjects were randomized into a 12-wk intervention: 1) exercise only ...
Miyashita Masashi - - 2010
AIM: Enhancement of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity through drug administration has been shown to increase pre-heparin serum LPL concentrations; however, pre-heparin serum LPL responses to exercise training have not been determined. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise training on pre-heparin ...
Mestek Michael L - - 2010
Lifestyle modification in the form of weight reduction by caloric restriction alone or in combination with regular aerobic exercise significantly improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation in overweight and obese adults. We determined whether regular aerobic exercise, independent of weight loss, improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation in overweight and obese adults. Twenty overweight and obese ...
Kraemer Robert R - - 2010
It is important to understand the factors that regulate the development of obesity during adolescence due to the increased risk of adult obesity, metabolic syndrome and the deleterious health effects of early puberty which may increase the risk of breast cancer later in life. Leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin are peptides ...
Annesi James J - - 2010
Background. Psychological factors' effect on weight loss is poorly understood, in general, and specifically in the severely obese. Objective. To examine whether a behavioral model based on tenets of social cognitive and self-efficacy theory will increase understanding of the relationship between exercise and weight loss. Methods. Fifty-one women with severe ...
Faria Cláudia Dutra Costantin - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: Healthy individuals present variable responses of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis induced by different patterns of physical training. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether prolonged low-grade physical training influences the HPA axis and also glucocorticoid receptor-alpha (GRalpha) mRNA levels in mononuclear cells of obese adolescents. METHODS: We ...
Henderson M - - 2010
Objective. To assess the impact of exercise consultation on physical activity (PA) levels, anthropometric measures, and metabolic markers in obese adolescents. Methods. Obese adolescents (14-18 years) were randomized to either an exercise consultation (intervention group) or to review "Canada's Physical Activity Guide for Youth" (control group). Outcomes, including accelerometry, anthropometrics, ...
Epiphaniou Eleni - - 2010
Background. Recent qualitative research indicates that life events can enhance behaviour change maintenance. if a number of sustaining conditions are met. This study aimed to quantitatively test this theory in the context of weight loss maintenance. Method. Based upon their weight histories participants were classified as either successful (n = ...
Akkary Ehab - - 2010
Patients must subscribe to behavioral and lifestyle modifications for continued success after weight loss surgery (WLS). Few data exist about the ideal type, duration, and intensity of exercise for WLS patients. After surgery, should we mandate that patients exercise like a young, lean individual does? To reconcile this, we compared ...
Ramos Plínio S - - 2010
to determine if there are differences in cardiac vagal tone values in non-obese healthy, adult men with and without unfavorable anthropometric characteristics. It is well established that obesity reduces cardiac vagal tone. However, it remains unknown if decreases in cardiac vagal tone can be observed early in non-obese healthy, adult ...
Sava Francesco - - 2010
We examined the influence of overweight and obesity on pulmonary function, exercise tolerance, quality of life and response to pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD. 261 patients with COPD were divided into three groups: normal body mass index (BMI), overweight and obese. Baseline and post rehabilitation pulmonary function, 6-min walking test (6MWT), ...
Kerksick Chad M - - 2010
This study's purpose investigated the impact of different macronutrient distributions and varying caloric intakes along with regular exercise for metabolic and physiological changes related to weight loss. One hundred forty-one sedentary, obese women (38.7 ± 8.0 yrs, 163.3 ± 6.9 cm, 93.2 ± 16.5 kg, 35.0 ± 6.2 kg•m(-2), 44.8 ...
Perreault Leigh - - 2010
Whether intramuscular triglyceride (IMTG) concentration or flux is more important in the progression to type 2 diabetes is controversial. Therefore, this study examined IMTG concentration, as well as its fractional synthesis rate (FSR), in obese people with normal glucose tolerance (NGT; n = 20) vs. obese people with prediabetes (PD; ...
Molenaar Esther A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of nutritional counselling with nutritional plus exercise counselling on body weight and waist circumference in overweight adults in a multidisciplinary primary care setting. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four overweight adults (body mass index 28-35) were randomly assigned to individual counselling sessions by a dietician (D) ...
Farpour-Lambert Nathalie J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of physical activity on systemic blood pressure (BP) and early markers of atherosclerosis in pre-pubertal obese children. BACKGROUND: Hypertension and endothelial dysfunction are premature complications of obesity. METHODS: We performed a 3-month randomized controlled trial with a modified crossover ...
Thomson Rebecca L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of adding exercise to dietary restriction on depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Analysis of depression and quality of life outcomes from a randomized, controlled prospective clinical intervention that evaluated the effects on a range ...
Annesi James J - - 2009
A significant relationship between changes in Body Mass Index and Body Areas Satisfaction scores was found for a sample of obese Euro-American (n = 97), but not for African-American (n = 79), women initiating a moderate exercise program. For the African-American women only, compliance with the assigned exercise regimen directly ...
Zhu Weili - - 2009
Obesity is associated with impaired endothelial function assessed as flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD), the procedure of which involves transient brachial artery occlusion and following reactive hyperemia. Acute aerobic exercise can improve FMD. This study examined the effects of repeated FMD procedures and acute aerobic exercise on FMD in obese young men. ...
Spivack Jordan G - - 2010
This study evaluated primary care providers' (PCPs, pediatricians, and nurse practitioners) knowledge, current practices, and perceived barriers to childhood obesity prevention and treatment, with an emphasis on first-year well-child care visits. A questionnaire was distributed to 192 PCPs in the primary care network at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) ...
de Jonge Lilian L Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA. - - 2010
Caloric restriction (CR) increases maximum lifespan but the mechanisms are unclear. Dominance of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) over the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) has been shown to be a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Obesity and aging are associated with increased SNS activity, and weight loss and/or exercise ...
Dimkpa Uchechukwu - - 2010
We aimed at determining whether body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) are associated with heart rate recovery (HRR) and to demonstrate which of the three indices of obesity, is the strongest predictor of HRR in apparently healthy non-obese adults. Three hundred and twenty-five subjects aged ...
Tishova Yuliya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with low serum testosterone levels. Conversely, low testosterone levels induce MS. These operational mechanisms reinforce one another and induce a vicious cycle. This is a report on a morbid obesity 42 year-old man with the MS and serum testosterone of 5.0 nmol/L (N: ...
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