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Results 401 - 450 of 506
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Larsen J F - - 1990
Transcutaneous oxygen tension was measured simultaneously on both feet during exercise (TcpO2 exercise profile) in patients with claudication. The following groups were studied: 1) 21 control subjects; 2) 25 patients with bilateral claudication of whom eight had unilateral predominance; 3) 40 patients with unilateral claudication. The control group showed no ...
Myers J - - 1990
Exogenous fructose 1,6-diphosphate (FDP), a glycolytic intermediate, increases blood ATP and 2,3 diphosphoglycerate levels, facilitates the dissociation of oxygen from hemoglobin, and increases red blood cell flexibility. These mechanisms explain why it has been effective in enhancing energy production in a variety of ischemic conditions. The present study was undertaken ...
Radack K - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence for efficacy of three contemporary treatments for intermittent claudication: pentoxifylline, exercise programs, and smoking cessation. DATA IDENTIFICATION: English-language literature search using MEDLINE, Index Medicus, and bibliographic reviews of major texts and all pertinent articles. STUDY SELECTION: For pentoxifylline, randomized, double-blind controlled trials were selected. For ...
Walton J - - 1990
Cardiac catheterisation is frequently performed in modern medical practice and the brachial artery is frequently used. The brachial and forearm systolic pressures were measured by Doppler ultrasound at rest and after hand exercise for 60 s in 75 patients undergoing catheterisation. These objective measurements, together with a history of forearm ...
Caillard P - - 1990
This study presents the results of transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2) monitoring during a treadmill test walk performed in the early stages of peripheral obliterative vascular disease. The study population consisted of a first group of 50 known arteriopathic patients presenting, on questioning, with intermittent claudication; a second group of 50 ...
Creasy T S - - 1990
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is a commonly performed procedure for the treatment of intermittent claudication despite the lack of controlled studies. The aim of this study was to compare PTA with supervised exercise therapy for patients with arterial occlusive disease judged suitable for PTA at angiography. Patients were assessed before ...
Thomson G J - - 1990
Thirty-seven patients with stage 2 peripheral vascular disease were randomised to receive a six month course of Gingkco Biloba Extract (Tanakan) or matching placebo. Assessment, by claudication distance, A/B ratio, Doppler ankle pressure response to exercise together with recovery time, and a 10 cm analogue scale (LAS) estimation of maximal ...
Korenman S G - - 1990
This study evaluated the use of a vacuum tumescence device in the treatment of impotence in older men. Twenty couples with sexual dysfunction due to erectile impotence and who were interested in restoration of sexual function were treated by providing them with both a vacuum tumescence device to engorge the ...
Hiatt W R - - 1990
Patients with atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of the lower extremities have impaired walking ability due to exercise-induced muscle ischemia and the resultant pain of intermittent claudication. To evaluate the benefit of exercise training as a treatment for patients with PAD, as well as possible mechanisms associated with improvement, we ...
Tada S - - 1990
In order to determine barium meal radiographic findings characteristic of amyloidosis, we measured the jejunal diameter, valvular width, and intervalvular distance in 25 patients with small bowel amyloidosis and in 30 control individuals, and compared the two groups with each other. As a result, jejunal diameter demonstrated no difference between ...
Baulieu F - - 1989
The effects of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) in 12 patients with lower or upper limb lymphedema were studied using a computer-based technique (factorial analysis) of dynamic lymphoscintigraphy. After subcutaneous injection of radiocolloid into the first interdigital web space of the arm or leg, scintigraphic recordings consisted of 40 consecutive one-minute ...
Picano E - - 1989
In the presence of peripheral atherosclerotic disease, inappropriate adenosine release during exercise might promote excessive arteriolar dilation leading to steal phenomena and ischemia. In order to test this hypothesis, IV aminophylline (6 mg/kg over fifteen minutes), a dosage known to effectively block adenosine receptors, was acutely administered--in a double-blind, placebo-controlled ...
Johnson E C - - 1989
Exercise training is a commonly used rehabilitative therapy for patients with intermittent claudication (IC). However, it is not known whether blood flow through the major conduit vessel of the leg, the common femoral artery (CFA), increases with exercise training. We tested the hypothesis that peak CFA blood flow will increase ...
Cospite M - - 1989
A randomized double blind multicenter trial was performed to study the pharmacodynamic and clinical activities of 5682 SE, in comparison with diosmin (active principle) well recognised for many years. 5682 SE is a purified micronized flavonoid fraction containing 450 mg of diosmin and 50 mg of hesperidin per tablet. 90 ...
Brevetti G - - 1989
The efficacy, tolerance and safety of iloprost, a stable analogue of carbaprostacyclin, were evaluated in 7 patients with peripheral arterial insufficiency at stage II of Fontaine's classification. After washout, placebo was infused intravenously for seven days, then iloprost was given by a six-hour intravenous infusion of 1 ng/kg/min over the ...
Rexroth W - - 1989
The metabolites pyruvate, alanine and urea were determined under resting conditions in blood from the femoral artery, femoral vein and cubital vein of 23 patients with stage II, 10 patients and 20 diabetics with stage IV PAOD as well as 19 healthy volunteers. Measurements were also carried out immediately and ...
Oesterle C S - - 1989
A case of unusual intermittent esotropia and diplopia is reported. A 13-year-old boy experienced diplopia during vigorous exercise that resolved within 30 minutes after stopping the exercise. The symptoms had been present unchanged since age 6. Examination revealed orthophoria. After vigorous exercise an esotropia of 14 prism diopters in the ...
Schwartz R W - - 1989
Pentoxifylline, a new trisubstituted methylxanthine derivative known for its hemorrheologic action, has been shown to improve exercise tolerance in atherosclerotic patients. We examined the responses of diabetic atherosclerotic patients to pentoxifylline administration, measured by Doppler waveform analysis and exercise tolerance. Standard exercise tolerance and Doppler waveform analytic studies of the ...
Waller P C - - 1989
The hypothesis that smoking has an acute effect on treadmill exercise performance in patients with peripheral vascular disease was investigated in a crossover trial. Twelve patients with stable intermittent claudication who were regular smokers attended on two occasions within one week and treadmill tests were performed after 1/2, 1, 1 ...
Chait L D - - 1989
The role of marijuana delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content in controlling marijuana smoking behavior was examined in ten regular marijuana smokers. Each subject was allowed to self-administer marijuana of low, medium or high THC content freely over a 30-min period. Each potency of marijuana was color coded, and subjects smoked each potency ...
Rosfors S - - 1989
Twenty-five elderly patients with peripheral vascular disease and intermittent claudication were prospectively followed during a six-month session of physical training. Neuroendocrine and metabolic patterns as well as effects on walking performance were assessed during the training period. At the initial evaluation there was an inverse association between walking distance and ...
Jørgensen U - - 1988
Shock absorption (SA) is a simple way to reduce the body load and can be used in the prevention and treatment of injuries. The heel pad is the most important shock absorber in the shoe heel complex. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the SA at heel ...
Larsen J F - - 1988
Transcutaneous oxygen tension during exercise (TcPo2 exercise profile) was measured on the foot in 10 patients before reconstructive vascular surgery and 9 and 18 months later. The preoperative TcPo2 exercise profiles were abnormal in all 10 patients. In 9 of the patients the reconstructions were successful. In these patients the ...
Shearman C P - - 1988
Patients with intermittent claudication were used as a clinical model to study the effects of transient episodes of ischaemia. Compared with age and sex matched controls significantly greater increases in serum lipid peroxides and urinary microalbumin occurred after exercise. These results suggest that even relatively minor ischaemic episodes, as occur ...
Bernardi D - - 1988
The effects of two potent vasodilating drugs, captopril (C) (25 mg tid), nicardipine (N) (20 mg tid), and placebo (P) were evaluated and compared, in 10 men (mean age of sixty-five years) with intermittent claudication from moderate to severe multilevel chronic occlusive arterial disease (COAD) of the lower extremity, by ...
Lundgren F - - 1988
Intermittent claudication is associated with adaptation in muscle metabolism. This study has evaluated the metabolism of amino acids at rest and during non-steady state exercise in patients with arterial insufficiency of at least six months duration in comparison with matched control individuals. The exchange of amino acids were measured during ...
Wennmalm A - - 1988
Platelet activation, with subsequent formation of thromboxane A2 (TxA2), is thought to play a role in the development of arterial occlusion. In patients with severe atherosclerosis of the lower limbs, characterized by leg ulcers and rest pain, the basal formation of TxA2 and prostacyclin (PGI2) is increased. Corresponding data in ...
Hedberg B - - 1988
Seventeen men with peripheral arterial insufficiency and intermittent claudication (maximum walking tolerance less than 1000 m) underwent a bypass operation (group A, n = 8) or carried out simple exercises (repeated heel-raising) at home (group B, n = 9). The effects of treatment on the isokinetic performance of the plantar ...
Feenstra B W - - 1988
By repeated measurements in each of ten normal subjects and ten patients with mild intermittent claudication, the performance of three transcutaneous oxygen tension (PtcO2) test in the diagnosis of obliterative peripheral arterial disease was studied. PtcO2 resting value, PtcO2 response to oxygen breathing and PtcO2 reperfusion response after tourniquet obstruction ...
Mansour A M - - 1988
This study examines different clinical parameters and the occurrence of macular degeneration in a series of 110 patients with angioid streaks of the fundus. Among the parameters considered were: age of the patient at the time of ocular diagnosis, associated systemic disease, optic nerve drusen, peau d'orange appearance in the ...
Ernst E E - - 1987
Forty-two stable patients with claudication were assigned to two groups. Group I (n = 22) was submitted to regular, standardized treadmill exercise for 2 months. During this time the maximal and pain-free walking distances increased significantly (more than 100%). Group II (n = 20) patients did not exercise over the ...
Linge K - - 1987
The transcutaneous oxygen monitor was used in the vascular laboratory to give an objective measurement of the severity of arteriosclerotic disease in patients presenting with intermittent claudication. With the electrode operating at 44 degrees C on the leg, patients and normal volunteers performed treadmill exercises. It was observed that the ...
Jones R A - - 1987
Recent research indicates that individuals differ in their physiological reactions to nicotine, some showing strong increases in heart rate within 1 min of beginning to smoke and others showing little or no heart rate change with smoking. In the present research, monitoring of the respiratory rates of these two types ...
Taheri S A - - 1987
Iliocaval compression syndrome is a significant disorder in a number of patients who have lower extremity venous complaints. The diagnosis may be suspected by positive findings on exercise strain gauge venous plethysmography and unilaterally increased ambulatory venous pressures. The diagnosis is confirmed by ascending and, in some instances, descending venography ...
Hiatt W R - - 1987
The distribution between carnitine and the acyl derivatives of carnitine reflects changes in the metabolic state of a variety of tissues. Patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) develop skeletal muscle ischemia with exertion. This impairment in oxidative metabolism during exercise may result in the generation of acylcarnitines. To test this ...
Minar E - - 1987
We investigated the behavior of beta-thromboglobulin (beta-TG) and platelet factor 4 (PF 4) during exercise--upright bicycle ergometry--in 30 patients (median age, 62.4 years) with arteriographically proven peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) in a chronic stable phase. In 15 patients the exercise study was done twice; the second time was concurrent ...
Schmidt C - - 1987
The venous function has been assessed after deep vein thrombosis (DVT) by Doppler, strain gauge plethysmography (55 patients) and exercise plethysmography (10 patients) for a mean period of 63 weeks. Venous volume and venous outflow remain significantly lower throughout the study, whatever the site of thrombosis and the initial therapy ...
Jonason T - - 1987
The effect of physical training on the post-exercise blood pressure reaction in the ankle was studied in 63 patients with intermittent claudication but without angina pectoris. After three months of supervised training the maximal walking distance increased by 67% and the pain-free walking distance by 73%. Compared with that after ...
Ehrly A M - - 1987
Ten patients with Stage II chronic arterial occlusive disease (intermittent claudication) took part in a randomized, intraindividual crossover study involving acute intravenous administration of 200 mg pentoxifylline or physiological saline solution (placebo). The tissue oxygen tension (pO2) response (pO2 kinetics) following treatment with placebo revealed a nominal but statistically nonsignificant ...
Solomon S - - 1987
A man riding a stationary bicycle experienced transient tight sensations around the head of his penis during the exercise and progressive impairment of sexual potency over a period of more than one year. Lowering the bicycle seat terminated the bouts of impaired penile sensation, and one month after the patient ...
Bossi E - - 1987
213 paired tcpO2/paO2-data and 186 paired tcSO2/SaO2-data measured in 25 newborns (10 term, 15 prematures) were compared. The correlation coefficient for tcpO2/paO2 was 0.796, for tcSO2/SaO2 0.944. Sensitivity for discriminating between normo- and hypoxemia (paO2 less than 50 torr) was 82% for the tcpO2- and 88% for the tcSO2-method. Positive ...
Hutchison D C - - 1987
Transcutaneous PO2 (tcPO2) and arterial PO2 (PaO2) were compared during exercise in six patients with pulmonary emphysema. For calibration purposes, the tcPO2 electrode was first attached to the skin and after stabilisation its reading was adjusted to correspond to the PO2 of an initial arterial blood sample. It was shown ...
Christensen K S - - 1986
Transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO2) was measured on the foot at rest and during exercise in supine position in 21 clinically healthy controls and in 17 patients with intermittent claudication. All patients had ankle pressure greater than 50 mmHg and arteriographically proven peripheral vascular disease. Resting TcPO2 was significantly lower in ...
Mani R - - 1986
Using skin-surface sensors, transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPo2) has been measured at the edges of ulcers and at control sites proximal to wounds on the same legs. TcPo2 at 43 degrees C at the edges of venous ulcers was found to be significantly different (P less than 0.003) from that of ...
Laing S - - 1986
A treadmill exercise test is used in many vascular laboratories to measure the claudication time and the total walking time of patients with intermittent claudication. Three hundred and nine consecutive outpatients in the peripheral arterial disease clinic were assessed on the treadmill. Fifty-nine were unable to walk on it at ...
Hands L J - - 1986
Eleven men with claudication and ten control subjects had calf muscle metabolism studied at rest and during exercise and the subsequent recovery period by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (n.m.r.) spectroscopy. The muscle of patients with severe claudication had a significantly greater depletion of phosphocreatine and fall in pH during exercise ...
Angelides N S - - 1986
The effect of continuous i.v. infusion of pentoxifylline, administering 1,200 mg/24 hours through 15 days, was studied in 22 patients (19 m, 3 f) with arteriographically confirmed extensive occlusion in the femoro-popliteal segment, associated with marked intermittent claudication and rest pain of varying severity. The following parameters were used for ...
van Rij A M - - 1986
Changes in zinc (Zn) availability in muscle tissue that influence muscle performance in vitro have been observed. The effect of exercise of plasma Zn levels and urinary excretion of Zn was observed in sever untrained volunteers following brief intensive exercise and in seven trained volunteers after more prolonged road-running exercise. ...
Van Meerhaeghe X - - 1986
The diagnostic value of different parameters derived from the Doppler velocity curve recorded at the ankle was analysed in a population of 432 subjects. To document the presence or absence of obliterative arterial diseases in the lower limbs, systolic blood pressure measurements were made and oscillography before and after exercise ...
Holdich T A - - 1986
Transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO2) was monitored during maximal exercise in 10 patients with stable moderate to severe claudication. The TcPO2 fell by 16% at the onset of claudication and 32% at the maximum walking distance. On resting this decrease reached a maximum of 66% roughly four minutes after exercise. This ...
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