Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 506
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Gardner Andrew W - - 2004
The purpose was to compare the changes in claudication pain, ambulatory function, daily physical activity, peripheral circulation, and health-related quality of life following a program of exercise rehabilitation in smoking and nonsmoking patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) limited by intermittent claudication. Methods and results Thirty-nine smokers (63 +/- 4 ...
Grüne F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An observational prospective cohort study was carried out on complication rates and time kinetics of phlebitis caused by short peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) in inpatients on 15 hospital wards in four hospitals in Cologne, Germany. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We observed 1,582 patients with 2,495 PIVCs daily using standardized questionnaires. ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2004
The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) increases with age. PAD in elderly persons may be asymptomatic, may be associated with intermittent claudication, or may be associated with critical limb ischemia. Other atherosclerotic vascular disorders, especially coronary artery disease (CAD), may coexist with PAD. Elderly persons with PAD are at ...
Watanabe Toshiaki - - 2004
PURPOSE: We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure exercise-induced ischemia in patients with intermittent claudication, and compared these results with those obtained by ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) analysis. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with intermittent claudication caused by atherosclerotic occlusive disease exercised on a treadmill until reaching the maximal tolerated walking distance. ...
Bulmer Andrew C - - 2004
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an obstructive condition where the flow of blood through peripheral arteries is impeded. During periods of increased oxygen demand (e.g. during exercise), peripheral limb ischaemia occurs, resulting in the sensation of muscle pain termed 'claudication'. As a result of claudication, subjects' ability to exercise is ...
Cheetham D R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Exercise advice is the main treatment for symptom relief in the UK for patients with mild to moderate Intermittent Claudication (IC). Would a weekly exercise and motivation class for 6 months offer adjuvant benefit over written and verbal exercise advice alone? PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine patients attending a regional ...
Spronk Sandra - - 2003
Intermittent claudication (IC) is a mild stage of peripheral arterial disease that affects between 3% and 7% of the population and up to 1 in 5 patients over the age of 75 years. Risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking, and genetics increase the incidence of peripheral arterial disease. ...
Wimpissinger Barbara - - 2003
PURPOSE: Little is known about potential effects of smoking on ocular blood flow regulation. In the present study, the hypothesis was that choroidal blood flow (CBF) changes during an increase in ocular perfusion pressure induced by isometric exercise are altered in chronic smokers. METHODS: The study was performed in 24 ...
Comerota Anthony J - - 2003
Near-infrared spectroscopy provides a noninvasive method of measuring tissue oxygen saturation and has been used to monitor extremity compartment syndrome. Tissue O(2) saturation (StO(2)) is potentially useful in assessing patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The purposes of this feasibility study are to (1) explore the diagnostic sensitivity of StO(2) ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2003
Simvastatin significantly increased treadmill exercise time until onset of intermittent claudication from baseline by 54 seconds (a 24% increase, p <0.0001) at 6 months after treatment and by 95 seconds (a 42% increase, p <0.0001) at 1 year after treatment. At 6 months and 1 year after treatment with placebo, ...
Burns P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: exercise in IC leads to ischaemia-reperfusion injury of leg muscles and a systemic inflammatory response, but the effect of on coagulation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: to compare the effect of exercise on thrombin formation and fibrin turnover in patients with IC (n = 10), and age and sex matched smokers ...
Spetch Marcia L - - 2003
Pigeons (Columba livia) searched for a goal location defined by a constant relative spatial relationship to 2 landmark. For one group, landmark-to-goal bearings remained constant while distance varied. For another group landmark-to-goal distances remained constant while direction varied. Birds were trained with 4 interlandmark distances and then tested with 5 ...
Jolicoeur Denise G - - 2003
Over-the-counter nicotine replacement raises questions regarding its "real world" efficacy. This was an open-label, prospective study of 223 smokers who received 42 free nicotine patches and a self-help booklet via shopping mall distribution. The overall quit rate 6 months following distribution of the nicotine patches was 22% (50/223), almost the ...
Bradbury A W - - 2003
Intermittent claudication affects 5% of the middle-aged population in developed countries and is associated with a significant reduction in health-related quality of life and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The mainstay of treatment is best medical therapy (BMT) comprising smoking cessation, antiplatelet agents, lipid-lowering, advice to exercise, and correction of other ...
Kügler Christian F A - - 2003
Today, peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients need effective medical care for an extended period of their lifetime. Therefore, different treatment modalities have to be tied sequentially into an effective therapeutic chain. First, preventive measures have to be reinforced and risk factors tightly controlled. Furthermore, antiplatelet agents have to be applied ...
Treat-Jacobson Diane - - 2003
The vascular nurse plays an important role in the treatment of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), a prevalent atherosclerotic occlusive disease that affects approximately 8 to 12 million people in the United States. Approximately 4 to 5 million individuals with PAD experience claudication, the exercise-induced ischemic pain in the ...
Collins Eileen G - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy of PoleStriding exercise (a form of walking that uses muscles of the upper and lower body in a continuous movement similar to cross-country skiing) and vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) to improve walking ability and perceived quality of life (QOL) of ...
Cheng Christopher P - - 2003
Many cases of muscular ischemia do not manifest without increased metabolic demand. Hence, diagnosis of intermittent claudication often requires inducing physiologic challenge, such as by exercise. Cine phase-contrast MRI can concurrently acquire cross-sectional vascular anatomy and through-plane blood velocities, enabling blood flow rate quantification. An MR-compatible stationary cycle was designed, ...
Müller-Bühl Uwe - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QoL) of patients with chronic diseases is an important decision criterion for medical treatment, especially in primary care settings. It is known that subjective sickness feelings often cannot be correlated with objective disease criteria. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the QoL ...
Carlon Roberto - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The quality of life and autonomy may be severely hampered in patients with intermittent claudication, but the amputation rate is very low. Supervised exercise training is effective, but still very rarely employed. Many authors think that in these patients exercise over the pain threshold may be dangerous. The aim ...
Christman, Sharon K.
Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which results from peripheral atherosclerosis, affects up to 10 million people in the United States alone. Claudication, defined as a walking-induced pain in one or both legs relieved by rest, is the primary symptom of lower extremity PAD, and causes significant disability in many ...
Jarm Tomaz - - 2003
Postocclusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) was evaluated in three healthy volunteers and in three patients with different etiologies and suffering from peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). Three noninvasive methods were used: transcutaneous oximetry (TcPO2), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), and laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF). Changes in perfusion and oxygenation of tissue were measured ...
Signorelli Salvatore Santo - - 2003
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common manifestation of atherosclerosis that is associated with systemic inflammation. The aim of our study was to assess whether plasma markers of inflammation increased after exercise in patients with PAD. The study was conducted on two groups of 20 subjects each: one group (mean ...
Katzenschlager Regina - - 2002
Isolated foot dystonia following exercise is a rare manifestation of early PD. It may precede the onset of parkinsonism by years and can be clinically indistinguishable from familial exercise-induced dystonia. The authors present a patient with dystonic claudication where dopamine transporter SPECT using (123)I-FP-CIT allowed early diagnosis of PD and ...
Stalc M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: to identify whether monitoring transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcpO(2)) can provide an objective method of assessing the results of PTA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: fifty-seven patients (39 Fontaine stage II, <18 stage III or IV) had ABI, TcpO(2) at rest (stages III and IV) or during exercise (stage II) and total ...
Silvestro Antonio - - 2002
In patients with intermittent claudication, exercise is associated with a marked increase in oxidative stress, likely responsible for systemic endothelial perturbation. In 31 claudicant patients, we assessed the effect of vitamin C administration on the acute changes induced by maximal and submaximal exercise in endothelium-dependent, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and in ...
Tsai J C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of 12-week exercise programme on ambulatory function, free-living daily physical activity and health-related quality of life in disabled older patients with intermittent claudication. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University Medical Center and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two of 64 patients with ...
Olin J W - - 2002
Intermittent claudication, the most common symptomatology of peripheral arterial disease, is characterised by lower-extremity discomfort induced by exercise and relieved by rest. The most serious potential outcome of the condition is increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, with which it is often associated, thus prompt diagnosis and management are ...
Lang Eberhard - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: A consecutive and controlled cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To assess the value of motor conduction time (MCT) between cortex and symptomatic leg muscles after transcranial magnetic brain stimulation as an indicator of reversible root ischemia in patients with neurogenic claudication in spinal stenosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neurogenic claudication ...
Garcia-Rodriguez Charles - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The lithium indicator dilution technique has been shown to measure cardiac output (CO) accurately by using central venous injection of lithium chloride (Li-CCO). This study aimed to compare the measurement of CO by using peripheral venous administration of lithium chloride (Li-PCO) with Li-CCO. DESIGN: Prospective, observational human study. SETTING: ...
Teneggi Vincenzo - - 2002
RATIONALE: Research on the effects of nicotine abstinence and nicotine replacement has not provided consistent information about the impact of replacement therapies on tobacco withdrawal and craving. OBJECTIVE:. This study investigated craving and withdrawal symptoms over a 72-h period of abstinence from cigarettes. METHODS:. Twenty-four healthy volunteers, not intending to ...
Sherbondy Andrea L - - 2002
PURPOSE: We designed a survey to assess the microwave sterilization technique practiced by patients at our clinic who perform clean intermittent catheterization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 23-question survey addressing urinary catheter use and home sterilization techniques was mailed to 129 patients. A followup survey was mailed to 47 respondents who ...
Ambrosetti Marco - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Many rehabilitation programs for intermittent claudication include physical training for several months, since the outcome of short-course protocols is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a short course of exercise therapy in patients with moderate-to-severe intermittent claudication in terms of walking distance ...
Egun Anselm - - 2002
The degree of ischemia during intermittent claudication is difficult to quantify. We evaluated calf muscle ischemia during exercise in patients with claudication with near infrared spectroscopy. A Critikon Cerebral Redox Model 2001 (Johnson & Johnson Medical, Newport, Gwent, United Kingdom) was used to measure calf muscle deoxygenated hemoglobin (HHb), oxygenated ...
Rossi Marco - - 2002
Conflicting data are available regarding the acute effect of exercise-provoked leg ischemia on the endothelial function in patients with stage II peripheral artery disease (PAD). In order to clarify this issue, cutaneous hyperemic responses to iontophoresis delivery of an endothelium-dependent (acetylcholine, ACh) and an endothelium-independent (sodium nitroprusside, SNP) vasodilator were ...
Langbein W Edwin - - 2002
The efficacy of polestriding exercise (walking with modified ski poles with a movement pattern similar to cross-country skiing) to increase exercise tolerance of persons with intermittent claudication pain caused by peripheral arterial disease was tested in this 24-week prospective randomized clinical trial. The study was conducted in a Department of ...
Gardner Andrew W - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine if improvements in physical function and peripheral circulation after 6 months of exercise rehabilitation could be sustained over a subsequent 12-month maintenance exercise program in older patients with intermittent claudication. METHODS: Seventeen patients randomized to exercise rehabilitation and 14 patients randomized to usual care control completed this ...
Komiyama T - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the oxygen saturation of the calf muscle measured by means of spatially resolved spectroscopy (SRS) in claudicants. METHODS: a total of 150 legs in 84 consecutive patients with calf claudication were studied by SRS. Oxygen saturation (SmO(2)) and the relative changes in oxygenated haemoglobin (HbO(2)) and deoxygenated ...
Turton E P L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: recent research has shown that episodes of claudication may be associated with a systemic inflammatory response that causes injury to the vascular endothelium. As claudicants are often directed to undertake regular walking exercises there has been a concern that this may accelerate endothelial injury. AIMS: the aim of our ...
Nasr M K - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of pedometers in the assessment of patients with intermittent claudication by comparing them with treadmill testing, post-exercise ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) and physical function questionnaires. PATIENTS AND METHODS: fifty patients with intermittent claudication were prospectively assessed by treadmill examination measuring maximum walking distance (MWD) ...
Green S - - 2002
It has been frequently argued that haemodynamic limitations are poor predictors of exercise performance in people with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication. This review has tried to address this argument through a review of published data that appears to support or counterbalance it, brief consideration of some of ...
Ozyener Fadɪl F Department of Physiology, Uludag University Medical School , 16059 Bursa, - - 2002
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been frequently used to assess intra-muscular oxygenation past few decades. In recent years, refinement of NIRS hardware and algorithms used to convert changes in optical absorption to changes in concentration improved the validity of oxygenated haemoglobin (HbO2), deoxyhaemoglobin (Hb), myoglobin (Mb) and the oxidised copper ...
Askew, Christopher D.
Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease have a reduced capacity for exercise, the exact causes of which are poorly understood. This thesis investigated alternative testing procedures that aim to provide a more complete and precise description of the exercise capacities of these patients. Furthermore, the potential roles of gastrocnemius muscle fibre ...
de Vries Sybolt O - - 2002
PURPOSE: To compare the costs, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of alternative treatment strategies for intermittent claudication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By combining data from the literature and original patient data, a Markov decision model was developed to evaluate the societal cost-effectiveness. Patients presented with previously untreated intermittent claudication, and treatment options were ...
Cornish Bruce H - - 2002
Current noninvasive techniques for the routine and frequent quantification of peripheral lymphedema in patients are total limb volume measurement (by water immersion or by circumferential measurements) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). However both of these techniques require standardizing the measurement using a contralateral measurement from the unaffected limb. Hence these ...
Incandela L - - 2002
The efficacy of pentoxifylline (PXF) in severe intermittent claudication was studied comparing PXF and placebo. Patients were randomized into two treatment plans: PXF (2400 mg, four 600-mg tablets daily) or equivalent placebo was administered for 10 days. The exercise protocol associated with treatment was conducted under supervision. Skin flux (RF) ...
Coolen Stefan A J - - 2002
Patients with intermittent claudication disease suffer from temporary lack of oxygen in the legs, caused by narrowing of arteries, resulting in ischemia and followed by reperfusion. The degree of oxidative stress present in 16 patients during strenuous exercise was determined using several indicators. Two derivatives of an exogenous marker, antipyrine ...
Seifalian A M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can be used to monitor muscle oxyhemoglobin (HbO2), deoxyhemoglobin (Hb) and cytochrome oxidase (CytOx) oxidation. We evaluated the changes in NIRS in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) pre- and postexercise. Microalbuminuria is an index of endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, we also assessed whether the urinary excretion ...
Riebe D - - 2001
In a vascular rehabilitation program, 28% of our frail elderly patients are unable to be tested with traditional progressive exercise protocols at program entry due to the high (2.0 miles/h or 3.2 km/h) initial treadmill speeds. The purpose of this investigation was to compare a new progressive treadmill protocol which ...
Ussher M - - 2001
RATIONALE: Previous research suggests that a long bout of vigorous intensity exercise may reduce tobacco withdrawal symptoms and desire to smoke during abstinence. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we investigated whether a short bout of moderate intensity exercise reduced desire to smoke and withdrawal symptoms in abstaining smokers. METHODS: Seventy-eight ...
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