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Ribeiro Alex S AS a Group of Study and Research in Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise , Londrina State University , Londrina , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the specific training load during a resistance training (RT) programme designed to increase muscular hypertrophy in men and women. Thirty-four women (22.7 ± 4.1 years, 58.8 ± 11.9 kg, 162.6 ± 6.2 cm and 22.1 ± 3.6 kg.m(-2)) and 30 men ...
Lopes Agnaldo José AJ Postgraduate Programme in Medical Sciences, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Araguaia, 1266, bloco 1/405, Freguesia, Jacarepaguá, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 22745-271, Brazil, - - 2014
Interest in using the nitrogen single-breath washout (N2SBW) test to measure ventilation inhomogeneity and small airway function in COPD patients has grown in recent years. Our aim was to assess the correlation of the measures obtained by the N2SBW test and other pulmonary function parameters with the six-minute walk distance ...
Keramidas M E ME Department of Environmental Physiology, School of Technology and Health, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, - - 2014
The study examined the effects of a 10-day normobaric hypoxic confinement (FiO2 : 0.14), with [hypoxic exercise training (HT); n = 8)] or without [hypoxic ambulatory (HA; n = 6)] exercise, on the hand temperature responses during and after local cold stress. Before and after the confinement, subjects immersed their right hand for 30 min ...
Fonseca Ivana I UFMG, - - 2014
Traditionally, exercise physiology experiments have borne little resemblance to how animals express physical activity in the wild. In this experiment, 15 adult male rats were divided into three equal-sized groups: exercise contingent (CON), non-exercise contingent (NON) and sedentary (SED). The CON group was placed in a cage with a running ...
Calabrò R S - - 2014
The Lokomat is a robotic device that has been widely used for gait rehabilitation in several neurological disorders, with a positive effect also in the chronic phase. We describe the case of a 54-yearold female with post-stroke moderate-to-severe chronic hemiplegia, whose force, gait and balance significantly improved after intensive training ...
Touhami I I EA 2992 Dynamics of Cardiovascular Incoherencies, Montpellier 1 University, Montpellier, France - - - 2014
Hemoglobin (Hb) Hope is a beta--globin chain variant with reduced oxygen (O2) affinity, known to induce anemia. This usually leads to limitations in O2 uptake (VO2) and exercise tolerance. We studied the case of a high--level female athlete with Hb Hope. She had been selected for cross--country races from 13 ...
Seitz Amee L AL Department of Physical Therapy, Movement and Rehabilitation Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In rehabilitation, exercise instructions are multi-modal and can include a focus of increasing mean activity of a target muscle and inhibiting aberrant synergistic muscle activity, particularly during shoulder exercises, such as the prone horizontal abduction (PHA). The objective was to compare the immediate effects and short-term retention of multi-modal exercise ...
Sangelaji Bahram B Hayat-e-no Physiotherapy Clinic, Iran's Multiple Sclerosis Society, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the nervous system which has numerous disabling effects on patients. This study aimed at investigating the short- and long-term effects of a period of combination exercise therapy on walking distance, balance, fatigue and quality of life in multiple sclerosis patients referred to ...
Rønnestad Bent R BR Section for Sport Science, Lillehammer University College, PB. 952, 2604, Lillehammer, Norway, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of combining low-intensity endurance training (LIT) with one high-intensity endurance training (HIT) session every 7-10 days (EXP, n = 7) vs. traditional approach focusing on LIT (TRAD, n = 6) during the transition period. The effects of different training strategies during the transition period were investigated after the transition period and ...
Aboodarda Saied Jalal SJ 1 School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada. 2 Center for Biomechanics, National Sports Institute, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 3 Sports Medicine Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Previous investigators have speculated that applying additional external load throughout the eccentric phase of the jumping movement could amplify the stretch shortening cycle mechanism and modulate jumping performance and jump exercise intensity. The aims of the present study therefore were to determine the effect of increased eccentric phase loading, as ...
Biro P P Institute of Anaesthesiology, University and University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
We analysed the results of the first phase of the Zurich Unexpected Difficult Airway course. Two hundred and twenty-eight staff members performed a total of 2712 standardised airway rescue procedures with four airway devices: SensaScope™, LMA Fastrach™, Laryngeal Tube and needle cricothyrodotomy. Four consecutive attempts were performed using each device. ...
Zemková Erika E 1Department of Sports Kinanthropology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University Bratislava, Slovakia 2Department of Natural Sciences in Kinanthropology, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech - - 2014
The study compares differences in peak and mean power of concentric-only and countermovement resistance exercises (ΔP) with different weights. A group of 27 fit men performed randomly in different days 3 repetitions of either barbell bench presses or barbell squats. Initial weight of 20 kg increased by 10 kg or ...
Tanhoffer Ricardo A RA Clinical Exercise and Rehabilitation Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine whether doubly-labelled water (DLW) and a multi-sensor armband (SWA) could detect the variation in energy expenditure incurred by a period of increased exercise (EXE) versus a period of high sedentary activity (SED), in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Eight participants with ...
Pastor M-Á - - 2014
Fibromyalgia patients are often advised to engage in regular low- to moderate-intensity physical exercise. The need of fibromyalgia patients to walk has been stressed in previous research. Behavioral self-regulation theories suggest that a combination of motivational aspects (to develop or strengthen a behavioral intention: Theory of Planned Behavior) and volitional ...
Parschau Linda L 1Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Purpose. Motivational processes can be set in motion when positive consequences of physical exercise are experienced. However, relationships between positive exercise experience and determinants of the motivational and the volitional phases of exercise change have attracted only sparse attention in research. Method. This research examines direct and indirect associations between ...
Lowery Ryan P RP 1Department of Health Sciences and Human Performance, The University of Tampa, Tampa, FL 2Metabolic Technologies, Inc., Iowa State University Research Park, Ames, IA 3Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 4Department of Statistics, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 5Increnovo LLC, 2138 E Lafayette Pl, Milwaukee, WI 6Department of Nutrition, IMG Academy, Bradenton, - - 2014
Adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) supplementation helps maintain performance under high fatiguing contractions and with greater fatigue recovery demands also increase. Current evidence suggests that the free acid form of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB-FA) acts by speeding regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle following high intensity or prolonged exercise. Therefore, we investigated the effects of 12 ...
Kinnafick Florence-Emilie FE 1University of Northampton, Northampton, United - - 2014
Grounded in Self-Determination Theory, we aimed to explore and identify key motivational processes involved in the transition from a physically inactive to an active lifestyle, and the processes involved in lapse and dropout behavior within a walking program. We implemented a qualitative, longitudinal case study method, using semistructured interviews and ...
Alghannam Abdullah F - - 2014
Muscle glycogen has been well established as the primary metabolic energy substrate during physical exercise of moderate- to high-intensity and has accordingly been implicated as a limiting factor when such activity is sustained for a prolonged duration. However, the role of this substrate during repeated exercise after limited recovery is ...
Groom N N Mount Vernon Cancer Centre, Northwood, - - 2014
Objective: This study is an analysis of the pre-trial quality assurance (QA) exercises submitted by clinicians from radiotherapy (RT) centres across Europe and Canada to qualify for participation in the CONVERT trial. Methods: QA exercises submitted by 64 clinicians at 64 RT centres were included in this analysis. The exercises ...
Gallena Sally K - - 2014
PURPOSE To determine reliability of the Airflow Perturbation Device (APD) to measure respiratory resistance within and across sessions during resting tidal (RTB) and post-exercise breathing (PEB) in healthy athletes, and during RTB across trials within a session in athletes with paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) disorder. METHOD Prospective, repeated-measures design. ...
Pallarés Jesús G JG a Exercise Physiology Laboratory , University of Castilla-La Mancha , Toledo , - - 2014
Abstract This study analysed the effect of imposing a pause between the eccentric and concentric phases on the biological within-subject variation of velocity- and power-load isoinertial assessments. Seventeen resistance-trained athletes undertook a progressive loading test in the bench press (BP) and squat (SQ) exercises. Two trials at each load up ...
Markofski Melissa M MM 1University of Texas Medical Branch, Sealy Center on Aging, 301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555-0177, memarkof@utmb.edu, phone: (409) 266-9649, fax: (409) 772-8931 2Shippingsburg University, Exercise Science Dept., 1871 Old Main Drive, Shippensburg, PA - - 2014
Limited evidence suggests women exhibit a dampened response to contraction-induced muscle damage (CIMD). The purpose of this study was to examine if differences in symptoms of CIMD exist when induced in the menstrual cycle follicular or luteal phase. Sixteen resistance exercise-trained women between the ages of 18-37 completed 75 eccentric-biased ...
Alexanderson Helene - - 2014
No previous studies have examined the effect of intensive exercise in systemic sclerosis patients with pulmonary impairment. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of an eight-week intensive aerobic exercise and muscle endurance training program for patients with systemic sclerosis with 50-100% of forced vital capacity. A ...
Yang Hongbo H Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, - - 2014
Clinical meaning of recovery phase limited ST segment depression of a treadmill exercise test is controversial. The aim of this study was to re-assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of ST segment depression during the recovery phase with the active phase of a treadmill exercise test in suspected coronary artery ...
Petito Eliana L EL Escola Paulista de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To verify whether early (first post-operative day) or late initiation (after removal of the continuous suction drain) of a functional rehabilitation exercise programme influences the incidence of seroma formation and dehiscence for women after breast cancer surgery. Benefits of early implementation of an exercise programme initiated with women in the ...
Resnick Barbara B University of Maryland School of Nursing, 655 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Programs focused on health related behaviors implemented in senior centers, senior housing or churches have not been strongly successful in showing significant improvement in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention behaviors or important clinical outcomes such as decreasing blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to consider the feasibility and preliminary ...
Ardali Gunay G Visiting Nurse Service of New York , New York, NY , - - 2014
Abstract Background and purpose: There is no routinely prescribed protocol to address quadriceps weakness and functional impairments following a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this case report is to introduce and describe the early use of a daily adjustable progressive resistance exercise (DAPRE) protocol as an adjunct to ...
Jakobsen Markus Due MD From the National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark (MDJ, ES, CHA, LLA); Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden (RP); Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark (MDJ, ES); and Arthroscopic Centre Amager and Gait Analysis Laboratory, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate muscle activity during hamstring rehabilitation exercises performed in training machine compared with elastic resistance. Six women and 13 men aged 28-67 yrs participated in a crossover study. Electromyographic (EMG) activity was recorded in the biceps femoris and the semitendinosus during the concentric ...
Holden Melanie A MA Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele University, Keele ST5 5BG, UK. - - 2014
Exercise programmes are frequently advocated for the management of musculoskeletal disorders; however, adherence is an important pre-requisite for their success. The assessment of exercise adherence requires the use of relevant and appropriate measures, but guidance for appropriate assessment does not exist. This research will identify and evaluate the quality and ...
Snigdha Shikha S Institute for Memory Impairments and Neurological Disorders, University of California Irvine, CA, - - 2014
Exercise has been shown to reduce age-related losses in cognitive function including learning and memory, but the mechanisms underlying this effect remain poorly understood. Memory formation occurs in stages that include an initial acquisition phase, an intermediate labile phase, and then a process of consolidation which leads to long-term memory ...
Sunbul Murat M Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Exercise-induced ST segment elevation without Q wave formation is rarely observed. Frequent causes are significant coronary stenosis, myocardial bridge and coronary vasospasm. Both exercise-induced ST segment elevation due to slow coronary flow and ST segment elevation in the recovery phase of the exercise stress test are very rare. We present ...
McDermott Mary M MM Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (M.M.M.D., K.D., D.L.J.) Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (M.M.M.D., L.Z., K.L., B.S., Y.L., - - 2014
We studied whether a 6-month group-mediated cognitive behavioral (GMCB) intervention for peripheral artery disease (PAD) participants, which promoted home-based walking exercise, improved 6-minute walk and other outcomes at 12-month follow-up, 6 months after completing the intervention, compared to a control group. We randomized PAD participants to a GMCB intervention or ...
Bussotti Maurizio M Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, Milan, - - 2014
Respiratory disorders are often a cause of morbidity in top level endurance athletes, more often compromising their performance and rarely being a cause of death. Pathophysiological events occurring during exercise, such as bronchospasm, are sometimes followed by clear pathological symptoms represented by asthma related to physical exertion or rarely by ...
Gillum Trevor - - 2014
Salivary antimicrobial protein (AMP) expression is a primary determinant of mucosal immunity. This expression can be altered by exercise. While salivary IgA has been extensively studied, less is known about Lysozyme (Lys) and Lactoferrin (Lac). Knowledge on how sex and menstrual phase affect mucosal immunity is also limited. The purpose ...
Mooney Larissa J - - 2013
Effective pharmacotherapies to treat methamphetamine (MA) dependence have not been identified, and behavioral therapies are marginally effective. Based on behavioral studies demonstrating the potential efficacy of aerobic exercise for improving depressive symptoms, anxiety, cognitive deficits, and substance use outcomes, the study described here is examining exercise as a potential treatment ...
Nakamura Mariko - - 2013
Abstract Regular aerobic exercise accelerates post-exercise cardiovagal reactivation. However, little is known about the potentially favourable modulatory effects of regular aerobic exercise on cardiovagal reactivation in young female. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of regular aerobic exercise on post-exercise vagal reactivation in young female. Our study ...
Lee Chih-Wei CW Department of Physical Therapy, Tzu Chi University: 701 Zhongyang Rd., Sec 3, Hualien, 97004 Hualien, - - 2013
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of cardiac exercise therapy (CET) on exercise capacity and coronary risk factors (CRFs) of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). [Methods] Patients who participated in an 8-week supervised, hospital-based phase II and 6-month home-based phase III CET with monthly telephone and/or home visits were defined ...
Lim Hee Sung HS Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks aquatic exercise on the gait stability of the elderly using dynamic factors: center of mass (COM), velocity of center of mass (COMV), and center of pressure (COP). [Subjects] Eleven elderly participants (age: 77.18 ± 4.96 yrs, ...
Di Monaco M - - 2013
Background: Early multidisciplinary rehabilitation can improve the recovery after total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, optimal exercise therapy has not been defined. We aimed to answer the question: "Which type and/or timing of exercise therapy is effective following THA?" Design: Systematic review. Method: We searched four databases: MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane Library, ...
Achttien R J - - 2013
To improve the quality of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) the CR guideline from the Dutch Royal Society for Physiotherapists (KNGF) has been updated. This guideline can be considered an addition to the 2011 Dutch Multidisciplinary CR guideline, as it includes several novel topics. ...
Gillum Trevor T Department of Kinesiology, California Baptist University, Riverside, - - 2013
Heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72) is responsible for maintaining critical cellular function during heat stress. Hsp72 confers thermotolerance and may play a role in heat acclimation. Animal research suggests a difference between sexes in Hsp72 expression in response to exercise, however, human data is lacking. To determine sex differences in ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2013
Building on prior theoretical work and research, we developed a community-based intervention, People Reducing Risk And Improving Strength through Exercise, Diet, and Drug Adherence (PRAISEDD), a three-phase program which was implemented in 2009. The purpose of this study was to report on Phase III, the Inoculation Phase, of the PRAISEDD ...
Malin Steven K SK Department of Pathobiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2013
Although some studies suggest that a linear dose-response relationship exists between exercise and insulin sensitivity, the exercise dose required to enhance pancreatic β-cell function is unknown. Thirty-five older obese adults with prediabetes underwent a progressive 12-wk supervised exercise intervention (5 days/wk for 60 min at ~85% HRmax). Insulin and C-peptide ...
Kaplan Yonatan - - 2013
I. To evaluate average percentage body weight (APBW) values and weight-bearing distribution percentages (WBDP) between four common sports activities in a referent adult population. II. To suggest clinical implications. Original research study. Lerner Sports Center, Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel. Seventy-five asymptomatic volunteers, mean age=33.5 (19-72) years SD=15.1, mean ...
Salvesen Kjell Å - - 2013
To study effects of regular physical exercise in pregnancy on duration of the active phase of labor and the proportions of women with prolonged active second stage. A two-armed, two center randomized controlled trial. St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital and Stavanger University Hospital. A total of 855 women were ...
Zemková Erika - - 2013
The study evaluates the effect of weight lifted on power in concentric phase of resistance exercises on stable and unstable surface. A group of 19 fit men performed randomly in different days 3 reps of a) barbell chest presses on the bench and Swiss ball, and b) barbell squats on ...
Camci Elif - - 2013
Study Design Controlled laboratory study using within-group comparisons. Objectives To compare scapular kinematics between active and resisted shoulder elevation performed in the sagittal (flexion), frontal (abduction), and scapular (scapular abduction) planes. Background Several studies have documented scapular kinematics during arm elevation against an external load; however, there is little information ...
Doma Kenji - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare kinematics and muscle activity between chin-ups and lat-pull down exercises and between muscle groups during the two exercises. Normalized electromyography (EMG) of biceps brachii (BB), triceps brachii (TB), pectoralis major (PM), latissimus dorsi (LD), rectus abdominus (RA), and erector spinae (ES) and ...
Malloy Philip P Department of Exercise Science and Physical Therapy, Marquette University, College of Health Science, Cramer Hall 215, PO Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI, 53201-1881, USA, - - 2013
Rehabilitation guidelines following hip arthroscopy have been presented in the literature with common themes consisting of initial protection, restoration of lumbo-pelvic stability, neuromuscular re-education, and return to sport training. The purpose of this review is to present hip arthroscopy guidelines in 4 phases and to address common pitfalls that may ...
Stout Jeffrey R - - 2013
Evidence suggests CaHMB may impact muscle mass and/or strength in older adults, yet no long-term studies have compared its effectiveness in sedentary and resistance training conditions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 24weeks of CaHMB supplementation and resistance training (3 d∙wk(-1)) or CaHMB supplementation only ...
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