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Pastor M-Á - - 2014
Fibromyalgia patients are often advised to engage in regular low- to moderate-intensity physical exercise. The need of fibromyalgia patients to walk has been stressed in previous research. Behavioral self-regulation theories suggest that a combination of motivational aspects (to develop or strengthen a behavioral intention: Theory of Planned Behavior) and volitional ...
Parschau Linda L 1Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Purpose. Motivational processes can be set in motion when positive consequences of physical exercise are experienced. However, relationships between positive exercise experience and determinants of the motivational and the volitional phases of exercise change have attracted only sparse attention in research. Method. This research examines direct and indirect associations between ...
Lowery Ryan P RP 1Department of Health Sciences and Human Performance, The University of Tampa, Tampa, FL 2Metabolic Technologies, Inc., Iowa State University Research Park, Ames, IA 3Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 4Department of Statistics, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 5Increnovo LLC, 2138 E Lafayette Pl, Milwaukee, WI 6Department of Nutrition, IMG Academy, Bradenton, - - 2014
Adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) supplementation helps maintain performance under high fatiguing contractions and with greater fatigue recovery demands also increase. Current evidence suggests that the free acid form of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB-FA) acts by speeding regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle following high intensity or prolonged exercise. Therefore, we investigated the effects of 12 ...
Martínez-Ruiz E E Chair of Sports Traumatology, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Catholic University of San Antonio (UCAM), Murcia, - - 2014
The hamstring muscles are especially vulnerable during the late swing phase of sprinting, where the simultaneous actions of hip flexion and knee extension actively stretch the hamstrings to greater lengths. To assess whether a functional strengthening program (i.e. eccentric, plyometric and acceleration exercises) increased optimum lengths of the knee flexors ...
Kinnafick Florence-Emilie FE 1University of Northampton, Northampton, United - - 2014
Grounded in Self-Determination Theory, we aimed to explore and identify key motivational processes involved in the transition from a physically inactive to an active lifestyle, and the processes involved in lapse and dropout behavior within a walking program. We implemented a qualitative, longitudinal case study method, using semistructured interviews and ...
Alghannam Abdullah F - - 2014
Muscle glycogen has been well established as the primary metabolic energy substrate during physical exercise of moderate- to high-intensity and has accordingly been implicated as a limiting factor when such activity is sustained for a prolonged duration. However, the role of this substrate during repeated exercise after limited recovery is ...
Groom N N Mount Vernon Cancer Centre, Northwood, - - 2014
Objective: This study is an analysis of the pre-trial quality assurance (QA) exercises submitted by clinicians from radiotherapy (RT) centres across Europe and Canada to qualify for participation in the CONVERT trial. Methods: QA exercises submitted by 64 clinicians at 64 RT centres were included in this analysis. The exercises ...
Gallena Sally K - - 2014
PURPOSE To determine reliability of the Airflow Perturbation Device (APD) to measure respiratory resistance within and across sessions during resting tidal (RTB) and post-exercise breathing (PEB) in healthy athletes, and during RTB across trials within a session in athletes with paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) disorder. METHOD Prospective, repeated-measures design. ...
Pallarés Jesús G JG a Exercise Physiology Laboratory , University of Castilla-La Mancha , Toledo , - - 2014
Abstract This study analysed the effect of imposing a pause between the eccentric and concentric phases on the biological within-subject variation of velocity- and power-load isoinertial assessments. Seventeen resistance-trained athletes undertook a progressive loading test in the bench press (BP) and squat (SQ) exercises. Two trials at each load up ...
Markofski Melissa M MM 1University of Texas Medical Branch, Sealy Center on Aging, 301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555-0177, memarkof@utmb.edu, phone: (409) 266-9649, fax: (409) 772-8931 2Shippingsburg University, Exercise Science Dept., 1871 Old Main Drive, Shippensburg, PA - - 2014
Limited evidence suggests women exhibit a dampened response to contraction-induced muscle damage (CIMD). The purpose of this study was to examine if differences in symptoms of CIMD exist when induced in the menstrual cycle follicular or luteal phase. Sixteen resistance exercise-trained women between the ages of 18-37 completed 75 eccentric-biased ...
Alexanderson Helene - - 2014
No previous studies have examined the effect of intensive exercise in systemic sclerosis patients with pulmonary impairment. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of an eight-week intensive aerobic exercise and muscle endurance training program for patients with systemic sclerosis with 50-100% of forced vital capacity. A ...
Yang Hongbo H Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, - - 2014
Clinical meaning of recovery phase limited ST segment depression of a treadmill exercise test is controversial. The aim of this study was to re-assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of ST segment depression during the recovery phase with the active phase of a treadmill exercise test in suspected coronary artery ...
Petito Eliana L EL Escola Paulista de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To verify whether early (first post-operative day) or late initiation (after removal of the continuous suction drain) of a functional rehabilitation exercise programme influences the incidence of seroma formation and dehiscence for women after breast cancer surgery. Benefits of early implementation of an exercise programme initiated with women in the ...
Resnick Barbara B University of Maryland School of Nursing, 655 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Programs focused on health related behaviors implemented in senior centers, senior housing or churches have not been strongly successful in showing significant improvement in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention behaviors or important clinical outcomes such as decreasing blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to consider the feasibility and preliminary ...
Ardali Gunay G Visiting Nurse Service of New York , New York, NY , - - 2014
Abstract Background and purpose: There is no routinely prescribed protocol to address quadriceps weakness and functional impairments following a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this case report is to introduce and describe the early use of a daily adjustable progressive resistance exercise (DAPRE) protocol as an adjunct to ...
Jakobsen Markus Due MD From the National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark (MDJ, ES, CHA, LLA); Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden (RP); Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark (MDJ, ES); and Arthroscopic Centre Amager and Gait Analysis Laboratory, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate muscle activity during hamstring rehabilitation exercises performed in training machine compared with elastic resistance. Six women and 13 men aged 28-67 yrs participated in a crossover study. Electromyographic (EMG) activity was recorded in the biceps femoris and the semitendinosus during the concentric ...
Holden Melanie A MA Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele University, Keele ST5 5BG, UK. - - 2014
Exercise programmes are frequently advocated for the management of musculoskeletal disorders; however, adherence is an important pre-requisite for their success. The assessment of exercise adherence requires the use of relevant and appropriate measures, but guidance for appropriate assessment does not exist. This research will identify and evaluate the quality and ...
Snigdha Shikha S Institute for Memory Impairments and Neurological Disorders, University of California Irvine, CA, - - 2014
Exercise has been shown to reduce age-related losses in cognitive function including learning and memory, but the mechanisms underlying this effect remain poorly understood. Memory formation occurs in stages that include an initial acquisition phase, an intermediate labile phase, and then a process of consolidation which leads to long-term memory ...
Mooney Larissa J - - 2013
Effective pharmacotherapies to treat methamphetamine (MA) dependence have not been identified, and behavioral therapies are marginally effective. Based on behavioral studies demonstrating the potential efficacy of aerobic exercise for improving depressive symptoms, anxiety, cognitive deficits, and substance use outcomes, the study described here is examining exercise as a potential treatment ...
Nakamura Mariko - - 2013
Abstract Regular aerobic exercise accelerates post-exercise cardiovagal reactivation. However, little is known about the potentially favourable modulatory effects of regular aerobic exercise on cardiovagal reactivation in young female. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of regular aerobic exercise on post-exercise vagal reactivation in young female. Our study ...
Lee Chih-Wei CW Department of Physical Therapy, Tzu Chi University: 701 Zhongyang Rd., Sec 3, Hualien, 97004 Hualien, - - 2013
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of cardiac exercise therapy (CET) on exercise capacity and coronary risk factors (CRFs) of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). [Methods] Patients who participated in an 8-week supervised, hospital-based phase II and 6-month home-based phase III CET with monthly telephone and/or home visits were defined ...
Lim Hee Sung HS Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks aquatic exercise on the gait stability of the elderly using dynamic factors: center of mass (COM), velocity of center of mass (COMV), and center of pressure (COP). [Subjects] Eleven elderly participants (age: 77.18 ± 4.96 yrs, ...
Di Monaco M - - 2013
Background: Early multidisciplinary rehabilitation can improve the recovery after total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, optimal exercise therapy has not been defined. We aimed to answer the question: "Which type and/or timing of exercise therapy is effective following THA?" Design: Systematic review. Method: We searched four databases: MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane Library, ...
Achttien R J - - 2013
To improve the quality of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) the CR guideline from the Dutch Royal Society for Physiotherapists (KNGF) has been updated. This guideline can be considered an addition to the 2011 Dutch Multidisciplinary CR guideline, as it includes several novel topics. ...
Gillum Trevor T Department of Kinesiology, California Baptist University, Riverside, - - 2013
Heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72) is responsible for maintaining critical cellular function during heat stress. Hsp72 confers thermotolerance and may play a role in heat acclimation. Animal research suggests a difference between sexes in Hsp72 expression in response to exercise, however, human data is lacking. To determine sex differences in ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2013
Building on prior theoretical work and research, we developed a community-based intervention, People Reducing Risk And Improving Strength through Exercise, Diet, and Drug Adherence (PRAISEDD), a three-phase program which was implemented in 2009. The purpose of this study was to report on Phase III, the Inoculation Phase, of the PRAISEDD ...
Malin Steven K SK Department of Pathobiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2013
Although some studies suggest that a linear dose-response relationship exists between exercise and insulin sensitivity, the exercise dose required to enhance pancreatic β-cell function is unknown. Thirty-five older obese adults with prediabetes underwent a progressive 12-wk supervised exercise intervention (5 days/wk for 60 min at ~85% HRmax). Insulin and C-peptide ...
Kaplan Yonatan - - 2013
I. To evaluate average percentage body weight (APBW) values and weight-bearing distribution percentages (WBDP) between four common sports activities in a referent adult population. II. To suggest clinical implications. Original research study. Lerner Sports Center, Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel. Seventy-five asymptomatic volunteers, mean age=33.5 (19-72) years SD=15.1, mean ...
Salvesen Kjell Å - - 2013
To study effects of regular physical exercise in pregnancy on duration of the active phase of labor and the proportions of women with prolonged active second stage. A two-armed, two center randomized controlled trial. St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital and Stavanger University Hospital. A total of 855 women were ...
Zemková Erika - - 2013
The study evaluates the effect of weight lifted on power in concentric phase of resistance exercises on stable and unstable surface. A group of 19 fit men performed randomly in different days 3 reps of a) barbell chest presses on the bench and Swiss ball, and b) barbell squats on ...
Camci Elif - - 2013
Study Design Controlled laboratory study using within-group comparisons. Objectives To compare scapular kinematics between active and resisted shoulder elevation performed in the sagittal (flexion), frontal (abduction), and scapular (scapular abduction) planes. Background Several studies have documented scapular kinematics during arm elevation against an external load; however, there is little information ...
Doma Kenji - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare kinematics and muscle activity between chin-ups and lat-pull down exercises and between muscle groups during the two exercises. Normalized electromyography (EMG) of biceps brachii (BB), triceps brachii (TB), pectoralis major (PM), latissimus dorsi (LD), rectus abdominus (RA), and erector spinae (ES) and ...
Stout Jeffrey R - - 2013
Evidence suggests CaHMB may impact muscle mass and/or strength in older adults, yet no long-term studies have compared its effectiveness in sedentary and resistance training conditions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 24weeks of CaHMB supplementation and resistance training (3 d∙wk(-1)) or CaHMB supplementation only ...
Vangelder Leonard H - - 2013
Conservative non-surgical management of a herniated lumbar intervertebral disc (HLD) in athletes is a complex task due to the dramatic forces imparted on the spine during sport participation. The demands placed upon the athlete during rehabilitation and return to sport are unique not only from a sport specific perspective, but ...
Malloy Philip - - 2013
Rehabilitation guidelines following hip arthroscopy have been presented in the literature with common themes consisting of initial protection, restoration of lumbo-pelvic stability, neuromuscular re-education, and return to sport training. The purpose of this review is to present hip arthroscopy guidelines in 4 phases and to address common pitfalls that may ...
Rabita Giuseppe - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate concomitantly the changes in leg-spring behavior and the associated modifications in the lower limb muscular activity during a constant pace run to exhaustion at severe intensity. Twelve trained runners performed a running test at the velocity associated with V̇O2max (5.1±0.3ms(-1); mean time ...
Struminger Aaron H - - 2013
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries occur frequently in athletics, and anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention programs may decrease injury risk. However, previous prevention programs that include plyometrics use a variety of exercises with little justification of exercise inclusion. Because gluteal and hamstring activation is thought to be important for preventing knee ...
Zhang Dong - - 2013
It is unknown whether respiratory motor output is constrained during exhaustive exercise in healthy adults. We hypothesised that neural inhibition did occur; to test this hypothesis we measured diaphragm EMG from a maximal inspiratory capacity maneuver (EMGdi-IC) at rest and during exercise. EMGdi-IC was measured before and after the amplitude ...
Perrin Mark J - - 2013
We sought to determine if exercise testing could expose a latent electrical substrate of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) in asymptomatic gene carriers. Management of asymptomatic ARVC gene carriers is challenging due to variable penetrance of disease and the recognition that sudden cardiac death may be the first clinical manifestation. ...
Lancioni Giulio E - - 2013
This study assessed the use of microswitch-aided programs to help three non-ambulatory adults with multiple disabilities exercise foot-leg responses. Those responses served to activate a largely neglected part of the participants' body, with possibly positive physical implications (e.g., for blood circulation, swelling, and muscle strength). Intervention focused on the left ...
Moore Charity G - - 2013
A burgeoning literature suggests that exercise has a therapeutic benefit in persons with Parkinson disease (PD) and in animal models of PD, especially when animals exercise at high intensity. If exercise is to be prescribed as "first-line" or "add-on" therapy in patients with PD, we must demonstrate its efficacy and ...
Barton Christian J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence supports hip muscle activation and strengthening exercise prescription to prevent and treat various lower limb injuries. Common prescriptions include single-legged and double-legged squatting, with and without a Swiss ball. We aimed to establish the effect of varying forms of squatting exercises on gluteal muscle activation. DESIGN AND ...
Okkonen Olli - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to compare kinetics, kinematics and muscle activity between sprint start, sled-pulling and selected squat type exercises (countermovement jumps and ½-squats with various loads) and also to examine how these exercises correlate with the performance time of the block start (10 m). Nine male ...
Menacho Maryela de Oliveira Mde - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the multifidus electromyographic activity in healthy women during the performance of the same Pilates exercise under 2 conditions. Sixteen healthy, active, female practitioners of Pilates (mean age, 24.3; SD, 3.1 years) were assessed through surface electromyography during 2 Pilates exercises (swan dive ...
Duncan Kathleen - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe psychological effects and exercise adherence during a multicomponent exercise training intervention. METHODS: A sample of 42 patients with heart failure were randomized into an exercise (INV) group (n = 22) and an attention control (AC) group (n = 20). The exercise protocol included two 12-week ...
Moriello Gabriele - - 2013
The purpose of this case report was to document outcomes following an intense exercise program integrating yoga with physical therapy exercise in a male with Parkinson's disease. The participant performed an intense 1½-hour program (Phase A) incorporating strengthening, balance, agility and yoga exercises twice weekly for 12 weeks. He then ...
Zemkova E - - 2013
Aim: The study compares the power outputs in concentric phase of chest presses and squats performed without and with countermovement on stable and unstable support surface, respectively. Methods: A group of 16 physical education students performed randomly in four different days 3 repetitions of: 1) barbell chest presses on the ...
Jarraya Mohamed - - 2013
The goal was to explore the effect of a moderate-intensity exercise on egocentric distance estimates (the distance between the participant and an object in space) in physically trained and untrained participants (N = 54), divided into three groups of 18 national-level soccer players, 18 sedentary people, and 18 controls. Participants ...
Motl Robert W - - 2013
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examines the effect of a comprehensive exercise training stimulus on physiological function and mobility disability (i.e., problems walking) in individuals with MS who have walking impairment. This trial will recruit 30 persons with MS across central Illinois who have an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) ...
Evaggelos Manolopoulos - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a resistance exercise program on soccer kick biomechanics. Twenty male amateur soccer players were divided in the Experimental (EG) and the Control (CG) group, each consisting of ten players. The EG followed a 10-week resistance exercise program mainly for ...
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